Joint Aviation Requirements JAR–21

Certification Procedures for Aircraft and Related Products and Parts

Joint Aviation Requirements
JAR–21
Certification Procedures for Aircraft and Related Products and Part s
Change 1 28 January 1997

Printed and distributed by Westward Digital Limited, 37 Windsor Street, Cheltenham, Glos. GL52 2DG, United Kingdom on behalf of the Joint Aviation Authorities Committee.

The members of the Joint Aviation Authorities Committee are representatives of the Civil Aviation Authorities of the countries that have signed the ‘Arrangements Concerning the Development and the Acceptance of Joint Airworthiness Requirements’. A list of these countries is kept by European Civil Aviation Conference, 3 bis Villa Emile Bergerat, 92522 NEUILLY SUR SEINE Cedex, France.* Applications for further copies of the Joint Aviation Requirements should be addressed to Westward Digital Limited, 37 Windsor Street, Cheltenham, Glos. GL52 2DG, United Kingdom (Fax No. (44) 1242 584139). Enquiries regarding the contents should be addressed to the JAA Headquarters, Saturnusstraat 8–10, PO Box 3000, 2130 KA Hoofddorp, The Netherlands (Fax No. (31) 23 56 21714).

* These countries are:Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey & United Kingdom.

Change 1

ii

28.1.97

JAR–21

CONTENTS (General layout)

JAR—21 CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES FOR AIRCRAFT AND RELATED PRODUCTS AND PARTS FOREWORD CHECK LIST OF PAGES PREAMBLES SECTION 1 – REQUIREMENTS SUBPART A SUBPART B SUBPART D SUBPART E SUBPART F SUBPART G – SUBPART H – – – – – GENERAL TYPE CERTIFICATES CHANGES TO THE TYPE CERTIFICATE SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATES PRODUCTION WITHOUT PRODUCTION ORGANISATION APPROVAL PRODUCTION ORGANISATION APPROVAL FOR PRODUCTS, PARTS AND APPLIANCES CERTIFICATES OF AIRWORTHINESS DESIGN ORGANISATION APPROVAL – PRODUCTS OR CHANGES TO PRODUCTS DESIGN ORGANISATION APPROVAL – PARTS AND APPLIANCES PARTS AND APPLIANCES EXPORT AIRWORTHINESS APPROVALS REPAIRS IMPORTED PRODUCTS, PARTS AND APPLIANCES, AND CHANGES DESIGNED IN A NON-JAA COUNTRY JOINT TECHNICAL STANDARD ORDER AUTHORISATIONS JOINT PART APPROVAL AUTHORISATIONS IDENTIFICATION OF PRODUCTS, PARTS AND APPLIANCES A, B and C

SUBPART JA – SUBPART JB – SUBPART K SUBPART L – –

SUBPART M – SUBPART N –

SUBPART O – SUBPART P –

SUBPART Q – APPENDICES:

SECTION 2 – ACCEPTABLE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE AND INTERPRETATIONS (ACJ):

28.1.97

C–1

Change 1

JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 C–2 3.94 .6.

95 Applicability Classification of Changes in Type Design Eligibility Application Minor changes 1–D–1 1–D–1 1–D–1 1–D–1 1–D–1 28.92 21. aircraft engine and propellers Type Design Inspection and tests Flight Tests Type Certificate Responsibilities Co-ordination with Production Transferability Availability Duration Recordkeeping Manuals Instructions for continued airworthiness 1–B–1 1–B–1 1–B–1 1–B–1 1–B–1 1–B–2 1–B–2 1–B–2 1–B–2 1–B–3 1–B–3 1–B–3 1–B–3 1–B–4 1–B–4 1–B–4 1–B–4 1–B–4 1–B–4 1–B–4 SUBPART D – CHANGES TO THE TYPE CERTIFICATE JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.93 21.JAR–21 CONTENTS (Details) JAR—21 CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES FOR AIRCRAFT AND RELATED PRODUCTS AND PARTS Paragraph FOREWORD CHECK LIST OF PAGES PREAMBLES SECTION 1 – REQUIREMENTS General and Presentation SUBPART A – GENERAL JAR 21.55 21.44 21.45 21.47 21.57 21.33 21.16 21.1.11 21. malfunctions and defects 1–A–1 1–A–2 1–A–2 1–0–1 Page F–1 CL–1 P–1 SUBPART B – TYPE CERTIFICATES JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.1 JAR 21.2 JAR 21.17 21.91 21.13 21.19 21.41 21.90 21.20 21.35 21.97 C–3 Change 1 .21 21.3 Applicability Definitions and associated procedures Failures.49 21.15 21.31 21.51 21.61 Applicability Eligibility Application for a Type Certificate Special Conditions Designation of applicable requirements Changes requiring a new Type Certificate Compliance with applicable requirements Issue of a Type Certificate: aircraft.

145 21.117 21.111 21.163 21.148 21.6.151 21.135 21.120 Applicability 1–E–1 Eligibility 1–E–1 Application for a Supplemental Type Certificate 1–E–1 Showing of compliance 1–E–1 Issue of a Supplemental Type Certificate 1–E–1 Transferability 1–E–1 Changes to that part of a Product covered by a Supplemental Type Certificate 1–E–1 Responsibilities 1–E–2 Duration 1–E–2 Manuals 1–E–2 Instructions for Continued Airworthiness 1–E–2 SUBPART F – PRODUCTION WITHOUT PRODUCTION ORGANISATION APPROVAL JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.113 21. PARTS AND APPLIANCES JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.114 21.118A 21.153 21.134 21.121 21.97 21.124 21.JAR–21 Paragraph JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.130 Applicability Eligibility Application Issue of Authority agreement Production inspection system Tests: aircraft Tests: aircraft engines and propellers Responsibilities of the manufacturer Statement of Conformity 1–F–1 1–F–1 1–F–1 1–F–1 1–F–1 1–F–2 1–F–2 1–F–2 1–F–2 SUBPART G – PRODUCTION ORGANISATION APPROVAL FOR PRODUCTS.149 21.157 21.103 21.116 21.128 21.115 21.94 .133 21.125 21.105 Major changes Designation of applicable requirements Issue of approval Recordkeeping Page 1–D–1 1–D–1 1–D–2 1–D–2 SUBPART E – SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATES JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.126 21.118B 21.127 21.122 21.131 21.147 21.101 21.165 Applicability Eligibility Application Issue of Production Organisation Approval Quality System Exposition Approval requirements Changes to the Approved Production Organisations Changes in location Transferability Terms of approval changes to the terms of approval Investigations Duration Privileges Responsibilities of Holder 1–G–1 1–G–1 1–G–1 1–G–1 1–G–1 1–G–1 1–G–1 1–G–2 1–G–2 1–G–2 1–G–2 1–G–3 1–G–3 1–G–3 1–G–3 1–G–3 Reissued by Change 1 C–4 3.129 21.159 21.112 21.139 21.119 21.143 21.

A257 21.175 21.A234 21.A251 21.94 C–5 Reissued by Change 1 .B233 21.A265 Applicability Eligibility Application Requirements for Issue Design Assurance System Data Requirements Requirements for Approval Changes in Design Assurance System Transferability Terms of Approval Change to the Terms of Approval Investigations Duration Privileges Responsibility of Holder of Design Organisation Approval 1–JA–1 1–JA–1 1–JA–1 1–JA–1 1–JA–1 1–JA–1 1–JA–2 1–JA–2 1–JA–2 1–JA–2 1–JA–2 1–JA–2 1–JA–2 1–JA–3 1–JA–3 SUBPART JB – DESIGN ORGANISATION APPROVAL – PARTS AND APPLIANCES JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.179 21.B234 21.180 21.A259 21.A245 21.A249 21.A263 21.A243 21.B257 21.B243 21.A235 21.6.B253 21.A231 21.A253 21.182 21.A233 21.B245 21.B259 21.181 21.173 21.B247 21.B251 21.B231 21.A247 21.171 21.174 21.JAR–21 Paragraph SUBPART H – CERTIFICATES OF AIRWORTHINESS JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.183 Applicability Eligibility Application Language Classification Amendment or modification Transferability Availability Duration Aircraft identification Issue of Standard Certificates of Airworthiness Page 1–H–1 1–H–1 1–H–1 1–H–1 1–H–1 1–H–1 1–H–1 1–H–1 1–H–1 1–H–2 1–H–2 SUBPART JA – DESIGN ORGANISATION APPROVAL – PRODUCTS OR CHANGES TO PRODUCTS JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.B239 21.176 21.177 21.A239 21.B249 21.B235 21.B265 Applicability Eligibility Application Requirements for Issue Design Assurance System Data Requirements Requirements for Approval Changes in Design Assurance System Transferability Terms of Approval Changes to the Terms of Approval Investigations Duration Responsibility of Holder of Design Organisation Approval 1–JB–1 1–JB–1 1–JB–1 1–JB–1 1–JB–1 1–JB–1 1–JB–1 1–JB–2 1–JB–2 1–JB–2 1–JB–2 1–JB–2 1–JB–2 1–JB–2 3.

JAR–21 Paragraph SUBPART K – PARTS AND APPLIANCES JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.305 21.307 Applicability Compliance with Requirements Approval of Parts and Appliances Release of Parts and Appliances for Installation Page 1–K–1 1–K–1 1–K–1 1–K–1 SUBPART L – EXPORT AIRWORTHINESS APPROVALS JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.323 21.301 21.325 21. AND CHANGES DESIGNED IN A NON-JAA COUNTRY SUB-SUBPART N-A JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21N1 21N2 21N3 21N5 21N6 GENERAL 1–N–1 1–N–1 1–N–2 1–N–2 1–N–2 Applicability Definitions and Associated Procedures (Reserved) Commencement of an Investigation Other Format of the Arrangement SUB-SUBPART N-B JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21N11 21N13 21N15 21N16 21N17 21N19 21N20 21N21 21N23 21N25 21N27 21N29 21N31 21N33 21N35 21N37 21N39 TYPE CERTIFICATION OF IMPORTED PRODUCTS 1–N–2 1–N–2 1–N–2 1–N–3 1–N–3 1–N–3 1–N–3 1–N–3 1–N–4 1–N–4 1–N–4 1–N–4 1–N–4 1–N–4 1–N–5 1–N–5 1–N–5 Applicability Eligibility Application for Type Certificate Special Conditions Designation of Applicable Requirements (Reserved) Compliance with Applicable Requirements Issue of Type Certificate: Aircraft.327 21.303 21.335 Applicability Eligibility Export Airworthiness Approvals Application for an Export Certificate of Airworthiness Issue of Export Certificate of Airworthiness Use of Authorised Release Documents for Export Duties and Responsibilities of Holders of Export Airworthiness Approvals 1–L–1 1–L–1 1–L–1 1–L–1 1–L–2 1–L–2 1–L–2 SUBPART M – REPAIRS JAR 21.329 21. Aircraft Engines and Propellers (Reserved) (Reserved) (Reserved) (Reserved) Type Design Inspection and Tests Flight Tests (Reserved) (Reserved) Change 1 C–6 28.97 .331 21. PARTS AND APPLIANCES.321 21.431 Approval of Design of Repairs 1–M–1 SUBPART N – IMPORTED PRODUCTS.1.

JAR–21 Paragraph JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21N41 21N43 21N44 21N45 21N47 21N49 21N50 21N51 21N53 21N55 21N57 21N61 Type Certificate (Reserved) Responsibilities (Reserved) Transferability Availability (Reserved) Duration (Reserved) Recordkeeping Manuals Instructions for Continued Airworthiness Page 1–N–5 1–N–5 1–N–5 1–N–5 1–N–5 1–N–5 1–N–5 1–N–5 1–N–5 1–N–5 1–N–6 1–N–6 SUB-SUBPART N-D JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21N90 21N91 21N92 21N93 21N95 21N97 21N99 21N101 21N103 21N105 CHANGES TO TYPE CERTIFICATES 1–N–6 1–N–6 1–N–6 1–N–6 1–N–7 1–N–7 1–N–7 1–N–7 1–N–7 1–N–8 Applicability Classification of Changes in Type Design Eligibility Major Changes: Application Minor Changes Major Changes: Compliance with Applicable Requirements (Reserved) Designation of Applicable Requirements Issue of Approval Recordkeeping SUB-SUBPART N-E JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21N111 21N112 21N113 21N114 21N115 21N116 21N117 21N118A 21N118B 21N119 21N120 SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATES Applicability 1–N–8 Eligibility 1–N–8 Application for a STC 1–N–8 Showing Compliance 1–N–9 Issue of a STC 1–N–9 Transferability 1–N–9 Changes to that part of a Product covered by a Supplemental Type Certificate 1–N–9 Responsibilities 1–N–9 Duration 1–N–9 Manuals 1–N–9 Instructions for Continued Airworthiness 1–N–9 SUB-SUBPART N-F/G JAR 21N131 CONFORMITY WITH DESIGN 1–N–10 Conformity and Condition for Safe Operation SUB-SUBPART N-H JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21N171 21N174 21N175 21N182 21N183 CERTIFICATES OF AIRWORTHINESS FOR IMPORTED AIRCRAFT 1–N–10 1–N–10 1–N–10 1–N–10 1–N–11 Applicability Documents for Application Language Aircraft Identification Issue of Standard Certificates of Airworthiness 28.97 C–7 Change 1 .1.

610 21.611 Definition Applicability Eligibility Application Data Requirements Issue of Authorisation JTSP Marking and Privileges Declaration of Design and Performance (DDP) General Rules Governing Holders of JTSO Authorisations Approval for Deviation Design Changes 1–O–1 1–O–1 1–O–1 1–O–1 1–O–1 1–O–1 1–O–2 1–O–2 1–O–2 1–O–2 1–O–2 Change 1 C–8 28.97 .1.609 21. Replacement and Modification Parts SUBPART O – JOINT TECHNICAL STANDARD ORDER AUTHORISATIONS JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.602 21.605 21.601 21.600 21. PARTS AND APPLIANCES 1–N–15 1–N–15 1–N–15 1–N–15 General Identification Data Identification of Critical Parts JTSO Articles.608 21.603 21.606 21.607 21.JAR–21 Paragraph SUB-SUBPART N-K JAR JAR JAR JAR 21N301 21N303 21N305 21N307 IMPORTED PARTS AND APPLIANCES Page Applicability Compliance with Requirements Approval of Parts and Appliances Release of Parts and Appliances for Installation 1–N–11 1–N–11 1–N–11 1–N–11 SUB-SUBPART N-N JAR 21N501 IMPORTED ENGINES AND PROPELLERS 1–N–12 Release of Engines and Propellers for Installation SUB-SUBPART N-O JOINT TECHNICAL STANDARD ORDER AUTHORISATION FOR IMPORT 1–N–12 1–N–12 1–N–12 1–N–13 1–N–13 1–N–13 1–N–13 1–N–13 1–N–13 1–N–13 1–N–14 1–N–14 1–N–14 1–N–14 1–N–14 1–N–14 JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21N600 21N601 21N602 21N603 21N604 21N605 21N606 21N607 21N608 21N609 21N610 21N611 21N613 21N615 21N619 21N621 Definition Applicability Eligibility Application (Reserved) Data Requirements Issue of JTSO Authorisation JTSO Marking and Privileges Declaration of Design and Performance (DDP) General Rules Governing Holders of JTSO Authorisations Approval for Deviation Design Changes Recordkeeping Authority Inspection Non-Compliance Transferability and Duration SUB-SUBPART N-Q JAR JAR JAR JAR 21N801 21N803 21N805 21N807 IDENTIFICATION OF IMPORTED PRODUCTS.

613 21.701 21.713 Applicability Eligibility Application Issue of a JPA Authorisation Duration Responsibilities Privileges 1–P–1 1–P–1 1–P–1 1–P–1 1–P–1 1–P–1 1–P–1 SUBPART Q – IDENTIFICATION OF PRODUCTS AND PARTS JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.703 21.711 21.707 21.97 C–9 Change 1 .807 General Identification Data Identification of Critical Parts JTSO Articles.1.621 Record Keeping Authority Inspection Non-compliance Transferability and Duration Page 1–O–3 1–O–3 1–O–3 1–O–3 SUBPART P – JOINT PART APPROVAL AUTHORISATIONS JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.JAR–21 Paragraph JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.705 21.805 21.803 21.619 21.801 21.615 21.709 21. Replacement and Modification Parts 1–Q–1 1–Q–1 1–Q–1 1–Q–1 APPENDICES Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C 1–App A–1 1–App B–1 1–App C–1 SECTION 2 – ACCEPTABLE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE AND INTERPRETATIONS INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 28.

JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Change 1 C–10 28.1.97 .

1. Definitions and Abbreviations. in the future. of the JAR for JAR–21 and is referred to as the basic code. These texts are not reproduced when those OPs are incorporated into a Change.97 F–1 Change 1 . The JAR are recognised by the Civil Aviation Administration of participating countries as an acceptable basis for showing compliance with their national airworthiness codes.JAR–21 FOREWORD 1 The Civil Aviation Authorities of certain European countries have agreed common comprehensive and detailed airworthiness requirements (referred to as the Joint Aviation Requirements (JAR)) with a view to minimising Type Certification problems on joint ventures. Future development of the requirements for this JAR will be in accordance with the agreed amendment procedure. Amendments to the text in this JAR–21 are usually issued initially as ‘Orange Paper’ Amendments. Orange Paper Amendments are incorporated into the printed text by means of a ‘Change’. these procedures are such that amendment of JAR–21 can be proposed by the Aviation Authority of any of the participating countries and by any organisation represented on the Joint Steering Committee. Readers should either retain Comment/Response Documents for future reference. intends to include all definitions in JAR–1. These show an effective date and have the same status and applicability as JAR–21 from that date. and where appropriate content. and also to facilitate the export and import of aviation products. and green text Comment/Response Documents developed following Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) consultation have been produced by the JAA and are published with each Orange Paper amendment (OP) that contains the affected proposals. or apply to JAA Headquarters for copies of specific Comment/ Response Documents as required. Broadly. FAR Part 21 of the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States of America has been selected to provide the format. amended and corrected text is enclosed within heavy brackets. JAA. New. Definitions and abbreviations of terms used in this JAR–21 are contained in this JAR–21 and JAR–1. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1.

6.94 .JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 F–2 3.

97 28.97 28.1.97 Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued 28.97 Reissued 28.1.1.97 28. Title Page ii C–1 C–2 C–3 C–4 C–5 C–6 C–7 C–8 C–9 C–10 F–1 F–2 CL–1 CL–2 CL–3 CL–4 P–1 P–2 P–3 P–4 1–0–1 1–0–2 1–A–1 1–A–2 1–A–3 1–A–4 1–B–1 1–B–2 1–B–3 1–B–4 1–D–1 1–D–2 1–E–1 1–E–2 1–F–1 1–F–2 1–F–3 1–F–4 1–G–1 1–G–2 1–G–3 1–G–4 Legend 28.97 28.1.97 28.1.1.1.1.97 28.97 28.1.1.1.97 28.97 Reissued 28.97 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by by by by Change Change Change Change 1 1 1 1 28.1.1.97 28.97 Reissued 28.97 28.1.1.1.JAR–21 JOINT AVIATION REQUIREMENTS CHECKLIST OF PAGES JAR–21 CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES FOR AIRCRAFT AND RELATED PRODUCTS AND PARTS FIRST ISSUE DATED 3/6/94 The following pages of JAR–21 are now current: Page No.1.1.97 Reissued 28.1.97 28.97 28.1.97 Reissued 28.97 28.97 28.97 28.1.97 28.1.1.97 CL–1 Change 1 .1.97 28.1.97 28.97 28.97 28.97 Reissued Reissued 28.1.1.97 28.97 28.1.1.1.1.1.97 Reissued Reissued 28.

97 28.JAR–21 1–H–1 1–H–2 1–JA–1 1–JA–2 1–JA–3 1–JA–4 1–JB–1 1–JB–2 1–K–1 1–K–2 1–L–1 1–L–2 1–M–1 1–M–2 1–N–1 1–N–2 1–N–3 1–N–4 1–N–5 1–N–6 1–N–7 1–N–8 1–N–9 1–N–10 1–N–11 1–N–12 1–N–13 1–N–14 1–N–15 1–N–16 1–O–1 1–O–2 1–O–3 1–O–4 1–P–1 1–P–2 1–Q–1 1–Q–2 1–App A–1 1–App A–2 1–App B–1 1–App B–2 1–App C–1 1–App C–2 2–1 2–2 2–A–1 2–A–2 2–B–1 2–B–2 2–D–1 2–D–2 2–G–1 2–G–2 2–G–3 2–G–4 2–G–5 28.1.97 28.97 Reissued Reissued 28.1.1.97 28.97 28.1.1.97 28.97 Reissued Reissued Reissued 28.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.97 28.1.1.97 28.1.97 .1.1.97 28.97 by by by by by by Change Change Change Change Change Change 1 1 1 1 1 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 by by by by by by by by Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 by Change 1 by Change 1 Change 1 CL–2 28.1.1.97 28.97 28.97 28.97 28.97 Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued 28.1.97 28.97 28.1.1.97 28.97 Reissued 28.97 28.97 28.1.97 28.1.1.97 Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued 28.97 28.97 28.97 28.1.1.97 28.1.1.1.97 28.97 28.97 Reissued Reissued 28.97 28.97 Reissued 28.97 28.1.1.1.1.1.

97 28.97 28.97 28.1.1.1.97 28.97 28.JAR–21 2–G–6 2–G–7 2–G–8 2–G–9 2–G–10 2–G–11 2–G–12 2–G–13 2–G–14 2–G–15 2–G–16 2–G–17 2–G–18 2–G–19 2–G–20 2–G–21 2–G–22 2–G–23 2–G–24 2–G–25 2–G–36 2–G–27 2–G–28 2–G–29 2–G–30 2–G–31 2–G–32 2–JA–1 2–JA–2 2–JA–3 2–JA–4 2–JA–5 2–JA–6 2–JA–7 2–JA–8 2–JA–9 2–JA–10 2–JB–1 2–JB–2 2–JB–3 2–JB–4 2–JB–5 2–JB–6 2–JB–7 2–JB–8 2–N–1 2–N–2 2–N–3 2–N–4 2–N–5 2–N–6 2–N–7 2–N–8 2–0–1 2–0–2 28.1.1.97 28.1.1.1.1.1.1.97 28.1.97 Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued Reissued 28.1.1.97 28.97 28.97 28.97 Reissued 28.97 28.1.1.97 28.1.1.1.97 by by by by by by by by by by by by by by by by by by Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change Change 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 by Change 1 28.1.97 28.97 28.97 28.1.97 28.97 28.97 28.1.97 28.1.97 28.1.97 28.1.1.97 CL–3 Change 1 .97 28.1.1.1.1.97 28.1.1.97 28.1.1.97 28.97 28.1.97 28.1.97 28.1.97 28.97 28.97 28.97 28.97 28.

97 .1.JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Change 1 CL–4 28.

Amendment of Applicability date in JAR 21.1(b)(3) arising from NPA 21–9.1(b)(4) arising from NPA 21–2.94 The first issue of JAR–21 was originally adopted by the JAA Committee on 30 November 1993. Amendment to text of JAR 21. A new JAR 21. and published on 3 June 1994. Amendment to text of JAR 21. Foreword Inclusion of new paragraphs 7 and 8.1(c)(1) arising from NPA 21–2. Amendment to text of JAR 21. is to introduce the amendments detailed in Orange Paper Amendment 95/1 (which is hereby cancelled) and to incorporate NPA 21–2. 1–0–1 Inclusion of a new sub-paragraph 2.2(a) arising from NPA 21–2. 28. Revision of titles and page numbers where necessary in the ‘contents (details)’ page. Correction to text in JAR 21.JAR–21 PREAMBLES 3.6. and other revisions/corrections also listed below. Subpart A Inclusion of cross-references to Subpart N in JAR 21.2(e) arising from NPA 21–2. Amendment to text of JAR 21.2(j) arising from NPA 21–2.1.1(b)(1). Contents Revision of ‘contents (general layout)’ page to include Subpart N. Change 1 is issued as a complete reissue of the document.1(c)(2) arising from NPA 21–2. NPA 21–4.3(b)(1). Amendment of Applicability date in JAR 21.1(c)(2) to (c)(3) and introduce amendment arising from NPA 21–2. Amendment to text of JAR 21.3. NPA 21–9.8. Renumber existing JAR 21. Checklist of pages Revision of legend of each page to give current status. Change 1 Effective Date: Amendment 95/1 1.1(b)(2) arising from NPA 21–9. published on 28 January 1997.95 The purpose of this Change. Title Page and Verso Revision to title page date and status.97 P–1 Change 1 . Preambles Inclusion of Change 1 details. Revision to verso page to amend addresses and list of countries.

21. JAR 21. JAR 21. 21.153.165. 21.181(a) arising from NPA 21–2. Amendment to text of JAR 21.151. JAR 21.101(a) arising from NPA 21–4.1. Subpart N Inclusion of new Subpart N arising from NPA 21–2. 21.131.120 arising from NPA 21–2. to to to to to to to text text text text text text text of of of of of of of JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21. Subpart H Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Subpart K Amendment to applicability date in JAR 21. 21.321(b) arising from NPA 21–9. JAR 21.61 arising from NPA 21–2. JAR 21. to to to to to to to to text text text text text text text text of of of of of of of of JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21.183(b)(2)(ii) arising from NPA 21–2.101(b)(2) arising from NPA 21–2.134.179 arising from NPA 21–2. 21.145.176 arising from NPA 21–2. JAR 21. JAR 21. JAR 21. JAR 21.21(c)(4) arising from NPA 21–2.147.133. JAR 21.93 arising from NPA 21–2. Subpart L Amendment to applicability date in JAR 21. 21.57 arising from NPA 21–2. 21.91 arising from NPA 21–2. 21. 21. 21.149.174(b)(1)(i) arising from NPA 21–2. 21.21(c)(3) arising from NPA 21–2. Amendment to text of JAR 21. 21.16(b) arising from NPA 21–2.301(b) arising from NPA 21–9.159. arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).101(b)(1) arising from NPA 21–2. 21. Change 1 P–2 28.90 arising from NPA 21–2.119 arising from NPA 21–2.47 arising from NPA 21–2.97 arising from NPA 21–2. 21. JAR 21. Subpart G Inclusion of cross-references to ACJ material.31(b) arising from NPA 21–2.174(a) arising from NPA 21–4. 21.139.97 .163 and JAR 21. to to to to to to to text text text text text text text of of of of of of of JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR JAR 21. JAR 21.157.JAR–21 Subpart B Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Subpart D Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Subpart E Amendment to text of JAR 21. 21. to paragraphs: JAR 21.148. Readers are requested to note the new numbering system used for Subpart N as it differs from that in NPA 21–2. 21.143.177 arising from NPA 21–2.174(b)(1)(iii) arising from NPA 21–2. 21. JAR 21.323(a) and (b) arising from NPA 21–4.

608(a)(b) arising from NPA 21–4. 1 to 21.145(a) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). Amendment to title of JAR 21. text of JAR 21. 21.600 arising from NPA 21–2. No. 2 to 21. Section 2 Subpart A Amendment to tables in ACJ 21. 21.807(d) arising from NPA 21–2.133(a) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).145(c)(1) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). text of JAR 21. Subpart D Inclusion of new ACJ 21.145(b)(1) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). text of JAR 21. Inclusion of new sub-paragraph JAR 21. Subpart G Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of new new new new new new new new new new new new new new new new new ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ 21.133(b) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). 21.602(b) arising from NPA 21–4.145(d)(1) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).97 P–3 Change 1 . 21. No.807(c) to (d) arising from NPA 21–2.134 arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).1.139(a) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). Amendment to text of JAR 21.602(a) arising from NPA 21–2. 21. text of JAR 21. text of JAR 21.609(d) arising from NPA 21–2.807(b) arising from NPA 21–2.145(d)(2) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).807(a) arising from NPA 21–2.JAR–21 Subpart O Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Amendment Subpart P Amendment to applicability date in JAR 21. 1 to 21.1(c) arising from NPA 21–2. 28.139(b)(1) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).807 arising from NPA 21–2. Amendment to text of JAR 21. text of JAR 21.606(c)(1) arising from NPA 21–4.93(b) arising from NPA 21–9.145(c)(2) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).601 arising from NPA 21–9. Subpart Q Amendment to title of Subpart N arising from NPA 21–2.139(b)(2) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).609(e) arising from NPA 21–2. 21. 21.701(b) arising from NPA 21–9. 21.143 arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).139(b) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).131 arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). to to to to to to to to to text of JAR 21. Renumber existing JAR 21. No.139(b)(2) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). Renumber existing JAR 21. No.145(b)(2) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). 21. applicability date of JAR 21. 21.801(c) arising from NPA 21–2. 21. 21. Amendment to text of JAR 21. text of JAR 21. 2 to 21.606(c)(2) arising from NPA 21–4.807(b) to (c) arising from NPA 21–2.

163 arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). No. No.165(a) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).165(c) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). 21.163(b) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).1. No.608 arising from NPA 21–2. 21. No.97 .147(a) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).151 arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).165(d)(g) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).163(a) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). 1 to 21.145(d)(3) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).148 arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).149 arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). 21. 3 to 21.165(c) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). Subpart JA Correction to table in ACJ 21.163(b) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).JAR–21 Subpart G continued Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion Inclusion of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of of new new new new new new new new new new new new new new new new new new new ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ ACJ 21.A239(a).157 arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). 21.163(c) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). No. 21.A263(b)(2)(3). Subpart O Editorial modifications (to ensure consistency) to form in ACJ 21. 21. Readers are requested to note the new numbering system used for Subpart N as it differs from that in NPA 21–2.159(a) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). 21. 21. 2 to 21. 2 to 21. 21. Correction to text in ACJ 21. 21.159(b)(3) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1). 21. Subpart N Inclusion of new Subpart N arising from NPA 21–2. 21. 1 to 21. Change 1 P–4 28. 21.165(c) arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).153 arising from NPA 21–6 (OP 95/1).

to show were FAR text has not been accepted for JAR. 2.97 1–0–1 Change 1 . sub-headings are in italic typeface. 2.1. amended and correct text is enclosed within heavy brackets and Green Text. each page being identified by the date of the Change number under which it is amended or reissued.3 New. 2 PRESENTATION 2.1 The requirements of JAR-21 are presented in two columns on loose pages. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 28. These are used for example.2 Explanatory Notes not forming part of the JAR text appear in an italic typeface. Also.SECTION 1 JAR–21 SECTION 1– REQUIREMENTS 1 GENERAL This Section 1 contains the Requirements for Certification Procedures for Aircraft and Related Products and Parts.

JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–0–2 3.94 .6.

and the Certificate of Airworthiness is a Certificate of Airworthiness issued by this same Authority. and 21.1(c). Where a specific applicability date is fixed for a Subpart. and (2) These procedures and relationships are acceptable to the Authority to enable it to make all the inspections and tests necessary to find compliance with the applicable JAR–21 requirements. parts and appliances.321(b). the design of which has been approved other than according to JAR–21. G and H may also be used for production of products.97 1–A–1 Change 1 . (c) (1) The definitions and requirements in all Subparts of JAR–21 except Subpart H and Subpart N.21(a).) (2) The definitions and requirements in Subpart H of JAR–21 apply to the issue of certificates of airworthiness to aircraft. (d) The actions and obligations required to be undertaken by the holder of. a certificate or approval for a product.1 (continued) JAR–21 JAR 21. (3) Procedural requirements for the approval of organisations for the purposes of subparagraph (1) and (2) of this paragraph. that certificate or approval can show that he has made arrangements between himself and the other person such as to ensure that the holder’s responsibilities are and will be properly discharged. the issue of standard certificates of airworthiness. before this applicability date. (3) The definitions and requirements in Subpart N of JAR–21 apply to imported products. where this JAR–21 refers to a certificate or approval. (4) Rules governing the holders of any certificate or approval specified in subparagraphs (1) to (3) of this paragraph. 21. no person may issue an Authorised Release Certificate (JAA Form One) for a new part or appliance. the Authority may agree to use it. except as otherwise stated in Subpart N and JAR 21. Subparts F. (b) (1) This JAR–21 becomes effective on 1 January 1995. including the relationship between the applicant and the foreign facility. However.2(k). In such a case.SECTION 1 SUBPART A – GENERAL JAR 21. 28. or applicant for. (e) Except as provided in Subpart N.301(b). part or appliance under JAR–21 may be undertaken on his behalf by another person. or applicant for. 21. on request of an applicant. for which application for first type certification or approval is made to a JAA Authority. (2) Procedural requirements for the approval of certain parts.1 Applicability (a) This JAR–2l prescribes – (1) Procedural requirements for the issue of Type Certificates and changes to those certificates.601(b). (See ACJ 21.115(a). (5) Except as otherwise specified. no person may issue a Statement of Conformity or an Authorised Release Certificate (JAA Form One) for a new product. and appliances. 21. an applicant for a certification or approval must be a person as defined in JAR 21. parts or appliances. apply only to products. 21. part or appliance for which a JAA Authority has issued a type certificate or approval. when such changes are designed by a person located in a JAA country. the relevant national procedures remain applicable and also the existing conditions for acceptance and recognitions between authorities. part and appliance when such changes are designed by a person located in a non-JAA country. provided the holder of.701(b). the type Certificate means the type certificate or equivalent that has been issued by a National Authority. parts and appliances first type certificated or approved by a non-JAA Authority and to the approval of changes to any product. When any of the facilities of the person or any of his partners or subcontractors are located outside a JAA country.1. other than in accordance with this JAR–21 Subpart F or G. other than in accordance with this JAR–21 Subpart F or G. it means certificates/approvals issued under JAR–21. and the issue of export airworthiness approvals. and to the approval of changes to any product. (3) After 1 June 1999. the JAA does not issue a certificate or approval unless(1) The Applicant has submitted information regarding the procedures for coordination with those facilities. (4) As long as a Subpart of this JAR–21 is not effective. (2) After l January 1998.

Investigation and Analysis of Data. The Authority means the Joint Aviation Authorities. the regulations contained in this JAR–21. having legal jurisdiction over the applicant for. parts and appliances between a JAA country and a non -JAA country.) The holder of a Type Certificate or Supplemental Type Certificate. (1) The holder of a Type Certificate.2 Definitions and associated procedures (a) “Joint Aviation Authorities” means all the Authorities that have signed the JAA Arrangements Document of 11 September 1990.) (k) “Person” is a legal entity which is subject to the jurisdiction of a JAA country. (e) “Parts and appliances” means any instrument mechanism. NOTE: (1) In JAR–21.3 Failures. the Type Certificate holder.3 (b) (2. part. Supplemental Type Certificate or Authorisation of which he is aware and which has resulted in or may result in an unsafe condition. the holder of a JTSO Authorisation. aircraft engine. where they are a condition precedent i. malfunctions and defects (a) System for Collection. (2) In Subpart O. investigating and analysing information related to Occurrences that may involve failures. and are referred to as a “requirement”.) (c) Investigation of Reportable Occurrences. It includes parts of an airframe. (j) Mandatory Clauses – use “shall”.97 .JAR–21 JAR 21. means demonstrate to the Authority. JAR 21. part or appliance is in accordance with an approved design. “conformity” are used in connection with showing or finding a product. (g) “Comply”. parts and appliances subject to a JTSO Authorisation are referred to as “articles”. “Product” means an aircraft. the term “part” when used alone carries its normal dictionary meaning.1. (b) “National Authority” means that one of the Joint Aviation Authorities. (d) For the purposes of this JAR–21. “compliance” are used in connection with meeting a rule. unless otherwise stated. apparatus. appurtenance. (See ACJ 21. in any case where the Joint Aviation Authorities have established procedures to jointly conduct the certification or approval process. Supplemental Type Certificate. (See ACJ 21. part or appliance covered by the Type Certificate or Supplemental Type Certificate. non-compliance leads to failure to obtain a certificate or approval .2(j) (continued) SECTION 1 JAR 21. “Export” mean the transfer of products. (b) Reporting to the Authority (f) “Import”. as soon as practicable and in any case not later than three days after the identification of the failure. as appropriate. Approval or Authorisation. or a manufacturing deficiency. malfunctions or defects in any product. the term “appliance” is not used alone. including communications equipment. malfunction or defect by the holder of the Certificate. Approval or Authorisation. that is used or intended to be used in operating or controlling an aircraft in flight and is installed in or attached to the aircraft. equipment. (c) “The Authority” means the National Authority applying in the particular case. or propeller. regulation or requirement. or holder of. and are referred to as a “regulation”. However. the Supplemental Type Certificate holder. or accessory. (i) “Demonstrate”. part. (h) “Conform”. non-compliance could involve penalties). or the holder of a JPA Authorisation. use “must”. it can include an Organisation or Company.e. engine or propeller. the Certificate. (2) Reports must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority. where they are an imperative (i. Whenever the analysis made under sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph shows that the reported Occurrence involves a failure. shall have a system for collecting.3(a). each of them acting in accordance with joint procedures. shall investigate the reason for the deficiency and report to the Authority the results of his investigation and Change 1 1–A–2 28.e. The holder of a Type Certificate or Supplemental Type Certificate for a product shall provide information about the system developed in accordance with this sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph to each known operator of each product. Joint Parts Approval (JPA) Authorisation or Joint Technical Standards Order (JTSO) Authorisation shall report to his National Authority any failure malfunction or defect in a product. malfunction or defect arising from a deficiency in the Type Design. or appliance covered by the Type Certificate.

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 3.SECTION 1 JAR 21. as appropriate. make available to all known Operators appropriate descriptive data and accomplishment instructions. shall submit the necessary data relating to the corrective action to the Authority. the Type Certificate holder.3 (c) (continued) JAR–21 any action he is taking or proposes to take to correct that deficiency.6.94 1–A–3 Reissued by Change 1 . or the holder of a JPA Authorisation. or to require the performance of an inspection the holder of the Certificate. the holder of a JTSO Authorisation. (d) Required Action – Design Change or Inspection. (2) Following the Authority’s approval of the proposed design changes or inspections. the Supplemental Type Certificate holder. If the Authority finds action is required to correct the deficiency in existing products. When the Authority considers that issuance of an Airworthiness Directive is necessary to correct the unsafe condition. parts or appliances. Approval or Authorisation shall – (1) Propose the appropriate design changes and/or required inspections and submit details of these proposals to the Authority for approval.

94 .JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–A–4 3.6.

(ACJ 21. where a product is of simple design.11 Applicability This Subpart prescribes – (a) Procedural requirements for the issue of Type Certificates for aircraft. or (3) Experience from other similar products in service or products having similar design features. (c) An application for an aircraft engine.13(a). taking account of the size of the design organisation. and the Authority approves a longer period. or propeller are – (1) The applicable Joint Aviation Requirements that are effective on the date of application for that certificate unless – (i) Otherwise specified by the Authority. and (b) Rules governing the holders of those certificates. and testing.13(b). if the airworthiness requirements of the relevant JAR do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the product. (b) Not required for JAR–21. or propeller. (b) An application for an aircraft Type Certificate must be accompanied by a three-view drawing of that aircraft and preliminary basic data.A233. is effective for five years and an application for any other Type Certificate is effective for three years. aircraft engine. or (2) The intended use of the product is unconventional. and the proposed operating limitations.17 Designation of applicable requirements (a) The applicable requirements for the issue of a Type Certificate for an aircraft. or JAR 21.) (b) In the latter case. unless an applicant shows at the time of application that his product requires a longer period of time for design. JAR 21.16 (a) (continued) JAR–21 JAR 21. within the time limit established under sub-paragraph (c) of this paragraph. except that. (1) The product has novel or unusual design features relative to the design practices on which the applicable JAR is based. (b) The Special Conditions contain such safety standards as the Authority finds necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established in the applicable JAR.) JAR 21. (ACJ 21. the Authority will apply such alternative procedures as are necessary to provide equivalent confidence in the findings of compliance with requirements. or it is clear that a Type Certificate will not be issued. (2) Any Special Conditions prescribed in accordance with JAR 21. (c) An application for type certification of an aircraft in accordance with JAR–25 or JAR–29. development.16) (a) The Authority prescribes Special Conditions for a product.97 1–B–1 Change 1 . has shown that unsafe conditions may develop. or (ii) Compliance with later effective amendments is elected or required under this paragraph. a description of the design features. and propellers. aircraft engines.16 Special Conditions (See ACJ 21.SECTION 1 SUBPART B – TYPE CERTIFICATES JAR 21. (d) In a case where a Type Certificate has not been issued. or propeller Type Certificate must be accompanied by a general arrangement drawing.16(a).13 Eligibility (a) The Authority will only accept an application for a Type Certificate submitted by a person holding an appropriate Design Organisation Approval under Subpart JA or having had his application for Design Organisation Approval accepted under JAR 21.15 Application for a Type Certificate (a) An application for a Type Certificate must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority.1. the applicant may – (1) File a new application for a type certificate and comply with all the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph applicable to an original application. the Authority may agree to accept an application from a person who does not hold and has not applied for an appropriate Design Organisation Approval. JAR 21. including the proposed operating characteristics and limitations. of the engine. because – 28. the operating characteristics.

and a listing of those drawings and specifications. (b) The applicant must declare that he has shown compliance with all applicable requirements. aircraft engines and propellers Without prejudice to other provisions of national laws applicable in the absence of a comprehensive set of JAR rules. or propeller. power. (c) In the case of an aircraft engine.1.19 Changes requiring a new Type Certificate JAR 21. necessary to define the configuration and the design features of the product shown to comply with the Applicable Requirements. or obtained the Authority’s agreement to an alternative procedure under JAR 21. (e) If an applicant elects to comply with an amendment to the Joint Aviation Requirements that is effective after the filing of the application for a Type Certificate. the Authority issues a Type Certificate for an aircraft or an aircraft engine. JAR 21. (b) In the case of an aircraft.17. speed limitations (engines). until 1 January 1997. and (c) It is shown in a manner acceptable to the Authority that – (1) The product to be certificated meets the applicable requirements designated in accordance with JAR 21. (2) Information on materials and processes and on methods of manufacture and assembly of the product necessary to ensure the conformity of the product. (c) Where the applicant holds an appropriate Design Organisation Approval.20 Compliance with applicable requirements (a) The Type Design consists of (1) The drawings and specifications. (b) Each Type Design shall be adequately identified. and (4) Any other data necessary to allow by comparison.20(b). the determination of the airworthiness of later products of the same type.13(b). the proposed change is in the number of blades or principle of pitch change operation. or weight is so extensive that a substantially complete investigation of compliance with the applicable requirements is required. or (d) In the case of propellers. he must also comply with any other amendment that the Authority finds is directly related. power limitations (engines). the declaration of sub-paragraph (b) of this paragraph must be made according to the provisions of Subpart JA. (3) No feature or characteristic makes it unsafe for the uses for which certification is requested. (a) The applicant for a Type Certificate must show compliance with applicable requirements and must provide to the Authority the means by which such compliance has been shown. not earlier than the date which precedes the date of issue of the Type Certificate by the time limit established under sub-paragraph (c) of this paragraph for the original application.44.17 (d) (continued) SECTION 1 (2) File for an extension of the original application and comply with the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements that were effective on a date. (b) The applicant has submitted the declaration referred to in JAR 21.21 Issue of a Type Certificate: aircraft. Change 1 1–B–2 28. if – (a) The applicant has obtained an appropriate Design Organisation Approval. or (2) To engines or rotors using different principles of propulsion or to rotors using different principles of operation. except that. the proposed change is – (1) In the number of engines or rotors. to be selected by the applicant. a Design Organisation Approval will not be required provided the Type Certification process follows joint procedures agreed by the Authority. (2) Any airworthiness provisions not complied with are compensated for by factors that provide an equivalent level of safety.31 Type Design Any person who proposes to change a product must make a new application for a Type Certificate if – (a) The Authority finds that the proposed change in design. and (4) The Type Certificate holder is prepared to comply with JAR 21.97 . (3) The Airworthiness Limitations section of the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness as required by the appropriate JAR. configuration. JAR 21. JAR 21. the proposed change is in the principle of operation.JAR–21 JAR 21.

or part thereof may be presented to the Authority for test unless compliance with sub-paragraph (c)(2) of this paragraph has been shown for that aircraft. JAR 21. or part thereof. the type certificate data sheet. 21. (ii) That parts of the products adequately conform to the drawings in the Type Design. the operating limitations. propeller.3.SECTION 1 JAR–21 JAR 21. for this purpose. Not required for JAR–21.33) JAR 21.94 1–B–3 Reissued by Change 1 .49 and 21.13. except gliders and except aircraft of 2730 kg or less maximum certificated weight. or part thereof and the time that it is presented to the Authority for test. This statement of conformity must include a specific statement that the applicant has complied with sub-paragraph (b) and (c) of this paragraph. (b) Furthermore. its parts and appliances are reliable and function properly. propeller. aircraft engine. 3. unless otherwise authorised by the Authority (1) No aircraft. and (2) For aircraft to be certificated under this JAR–21. aircraft engine. propeller or part thereof presented to the Authority for tests confirming that the aircraft. the applicable requirements with which the Authority records compliance. (f) The flight tests prescribed in sub-paragraph (b)(2) of this paragraph must include – (1) For aircraft incorporating turbine engines of a type not previously used in a type certificated aircraft. propeller or part conforms to the applicable design data.55 to 21. (c) (d) (e) Not required for JAR–21. each applicant must have made all inspections and ground and flight tests necessary to determine – (1) That the design complies with the airworthiness requirements relevant to the tests performed. JAR 21.6.20(b) and to determine that no feature or characteristic makes the product unsafe for the uses for which certification is requested. and (2) For all other aircraft. at least 300 hours of operation with a full complement of engines that conform to a type certificate. 21.35 Flight Tests (a) The applicant must allow the Authority to make any inspection and any flight and ground test necessary to check the validity of the Declaration of Compliance submitted by the applicant under JAR 21. and (iii) That the manufacturing processes. (d) The applicant must submit a statement of conformity to the Authority for each aircraft. The Type Certificate is considered to include the type design. aircraft engine. he shall continue to meet the qualification requirements for eligibility under JAR 21. (c) Before tests under sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph are undertaken. (b) The applicant must make all flight tests that the Authority finds necessary – (1) To determine compliance with the applicable certification requirements. aircraft engine. (2) For the test specimen – (a) Flight testing for the purpose of obtaining a Type Certificate shall be conducted in accordance with conditions for such flight testing specified by the Authority. at least 150 hours of operation. Not required for JAR–21. and any other conditions or limitations prescribed for the product in the appropriate JAR. construction and assembly adequately conform to those specified in the Type Design. or part thereof between the time that compliance with sub-paragraph (c)(2) of this paragraph is shown for that aircraft. aircraft engine.33 Inspection and Tests (See ACJ 21.45. to determine whether there is reasonable assurance that the aircraft.41 Type Certificate (i) That materials and processes adequately conform to the specifications in the Type Design. propeller. aircraft engine. and (2) No change may be made to an aircraft. propeller.44 Responsibilities Each holder of a Type Certificate shall undertake the responsibilities in JAR 21.61 and.

133 as appropriate.45 Co-ordination with Production JAR 21.122 or 21. including inspection records for the product tested. and provide copies.49 Availability The holder of a Type Certificate shall make the certificate available. JAR 21. aircraft engine. Instructions for continued airworthiness JAR 21.47 Transferability Transfer of a Type Certificate may only be made to a Person that is able to undertake the responsibilities in JAR 21. suspended. JAR 21. or propeller shall produce. (a) The holder of the Type Certificate for a product. for this purpose.21(a). Change 1 1–B–4 28. maintain and update master copies of all manuals required by the applicable JAR type certification requirements for the product. to each known owner of one or more aircraft or aircraft incorporating the product. has demonstrated his ability to qualify under the criteria of JAR 21. shall be held by the Type Certificate holder at the disposal of the Authority and shall be retained in order to provide the information necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the product. and (b) The proper support of the continuing airworthiness of the product. or a termination date is otherwise established by the Authority. to the Authority. revoked. changes to the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness shall be made available to all known operators of the product and shall be made available on request to any person required by another JAR to comply with any of those Instructions.57 Manuals The Type Certificate holder for an aircraft. JAR 21. JAR 21. shall furnish at least one set of complete Instructions for Continued Airworthiness.44. drawings and test reports. to the Authority. on request. comprising descriptive data and accomplishment instructions prepared in accordance with the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements. upon its delivery or upon issue of the first Certificate of Airworthiness for the affected aircraft.61 The Type Certificate holder shall collaborate with the production organisation as necessary to ensure (a) The satisfactory co-ordination of design and production required by JAR 21. and. on request. (b) In addition.51 Duration A Type Certificate is effective until surrendered. whichever occurs later and thereafter make those Instructions available on request to any other person required by another JAR to comply with any of the terms of those Instructions.55 Record keeping INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK All relevant design information.JAR–21 SECTION 1 JAR 21.1.97 .

reliability. (b) If the Authority finds that a proposed change consists of a new design or a substantially complete redesign of a part of the product and that the requirements incorporated by reference in the Type Certificate for the product do not provide adequate standards with respect to the proposed change.90 Applicability JAR 21. and (4) Comply with JAR 21.33 and.SECTION 1 SUBPART D – CHANGES TO THE TYPE CERTIFICATES JAR–21 JAR 21.97 as appropriate. JAR 21.101. (b) Approval of a major change in a Type Design is limited to that (those) specific configuration(s) in the Type Design upon which the change is made. (3) Declare that he has shown compliance with applicable requirements and must provide to the Authority the basis on which such a declaration is made. (See ACJ 21.93 Application JAR 21.93(b). and must be adequately identified.) Minor changes in a Type Design may be classified and approved either (a) Directly by the Authority.97 Major changes (a) must An applicant for approval of a major change (1) Submit to the Authority substantiating data together with any necessary descriptive data for inclusion in the Type Design. JAR 21. all other applicants for a major change to a Type Design must apply under Subpart E. the applicant must comply with – (1) All parts of the Type Design and the approved Manuals affected by the change.35. operational characteristics.95 Minor changes This Subpart prescribes procedural requirements for the approval of changes to Type Designs and Type Certificates. JAR 21. structural strength. where applicable. plus any other amendments the Authority finds to be directly related.92 Eligibility (a) The Authority will only accept an application for approval of a major change to a Type Design under Subpart D from the Type Certificate holder. Changes in Type Design are classified as minor and major. (See also Subpart E. (b) Any person may apply for approval of a minor change to a Type Design. as specified in JAR 21.) 28. All changes (major and minor) must be approved in accordance with JAR 21. through the use. All other changes are “major changes”.101(a) and (b). A “minor change” is one that has no appreciable effect on the weight. (b) Identification of any re-investigations necessary to show compliance of the changed product with the applicable requirements. of modification procedures that have been agreed with the Authority.95 or 21. (2) The requirements with which the change has been designed to comply in accordance with JAR 21. or other characteristics affecting the airworthiness of the product.97 1–D–1 Change 1 . (2) Show that the changed product complies with applicable requirements. and.1.91 Classification of changes in Type Design (b) Indirectly. by an appropriately approved design organisation. or JAR 21. or (2) The applicable requirements in effect on the date of the application.101 Designation of applicable requirements An application for approval of a change to a Type Design must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority and must include (a) A description of the change identifying - (a) An applicant for approval of a change to a Type Design must comply with either: (1) The requirements incorporated by reference in the Type Certificate. JAR 21. balance.

(c) Not required for JAR–21. directly or under the agreed procedures of JAR 21. shall be held by the applicant at the disposal of the Authority and shall be retained in order to provide the information necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the changed product.101. Change 1 1–D–2 28.JAR–21 JAR 21.103 Issue of approval (a) The Authority approves a major change to a Type Design if – (1) The applicant has submitted the declaration referred to in JAR 21.101. and (iii) No feature or characteristic makes the product unsafe for the uses for which certification is requested. as specified in JAR 21. and (2) It is shown in a manner acceptable to the Authority that – (i) The changed product meets the applicable requirements.1.95(b) that the changed product meets the applicable requirements. drawings and test reports. (ii) Any airworthiness provisions not complied with are compensated for by factors that provide an equivalent level of safety.101 (b) (continued) SECTION 1 (1) The applicable provisions of the JAR in effect on the date of the application for the change. and (2) Any special conditions. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK JAR 21.105 Record keeping For each change. including inspection records for the changed product tested.97(a)(3). JAR 21. as specified in JAR 21. that the Authority finds necessary to provide a level of safety equal to that established by the requirements incorporated by reference in the Type Certificate for the product. (b) The Authority approves a minor change to a Type Design if it is shown either. all relevant design information. prescribed by the Authority to provide a level of safety equal to that established by the requirements incorporated by reference in the Type Certificate for the product. and amendments to those special conditions.97 .

94 1–E–1 Reissued by Change 1 . and (2) The Type Certificate holder has agreed to collaborate with the Supplemental Type Certificate holder to ensure discharge of all responsibilities for continued airworthiness of the changed product through compliance with JAR 21.93. JAR 21. or the Authority’s agreement to alternative procedures. under JAR 21. (a) Minor Changes.113 Application for a Supplemental Type Certificate (a) An application for a Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority. (b) An application for an STC must include the descriptions and identification required by JAR 21. the applicant has satisfied the Authority that – (a) The applicant has obtained an appropriate Design Organisation Approval. JAR 21.118A and for this purpose has demonstrated its ability to qualify under JAR 21. JAR 21. except that. JAR 21. (b) Major Changes. In the latter case. in addition to complying with JAR 21. a Design Organisation Approval will not be required provided the Supplemental Type Certification process follows joint procedures agreed by the Authority (b) The Type Certificate holder has been informed about the STC application. and (b) Rules governing the holders of those certificates.97.SECTION 1 SUBPART E – SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATES JAR–21 JAR 21.114 Showing of compliance Each applicant for a Supplemental Type Certificate must comply with JAR 21.115 Issue of a Supplemental Type Certificate The Authority issues a Supplemental Type Certificate if. (1) The Type Certificate holder has advised he has no technical objection to the information submitted under JAR 21.111 Applicability This Subpart prescribes – (a) Procedural requirements for the approval of major changes to the type design under Supplemental Type Certificate procedures. the applicant has entered into an arrangement with the Type Certificate holder.113(b). 3.44 and 21. or through an arrangement with the Type Certificate holder.103.93.116 Transferability Transfer of a Supplemental Type Certificate may only be made to an Organisation which is able to undertake the responsibilities of JAR 21.6. the Authority may agree to accept an application from a person who does not hold and has not applied for an appropriate Design Organisation Approval.118A.112 Eligibility The Authority will only accept an application for a Supplemental Type Certificate submitted by a person holding or having applied for an appropriate Design Organisation Approval under Subpart JA except that. taking account of the size of the design organisation. and (c) Where. in the case of a change which is of simple design. the Authority will apply such alternative procedures as are necessary to provide equivalent confidence in the findings of compliance with requirements. together with a justification that the information on which those identifications are based is adequate either from the applicant’s own resources.117 Changes to that part of a Product covered by a Supplemental Type Certificate JAR 21. until 1 January 1998.115(a). JAR 21. Except for major changes submitted by an STC holder who is also the Type Certificate holder. Minor changes to that part of a product covered by an STC must be classified and approved in accordance with Subpart D. each major change to that part of a product covered by an STC must be approved as a separate STC in accordance with this Subpart E.

prepared in accordance with the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements. JAR 21. or upon issuance of the first Certificate of Airworthiness for the affected aircraft. to any other person required by another JAR to comply with any of the terms of those Instructions (b) In addition. JAR 21. suspended. (b) Specified in JAR 21. shall furnish at least one set of the associated variations to the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness. and undertake the responsibilities – (a) Specified in JAR 21.105. or propeller.118B Duration A Supplemental Type Certificate is effective until surrendered. whichever occurs later. to any person required by another JAR to comply with any of those Instructions.97 .119 and 21.118A Responsibilities Each holder of a Supplemental Type Certificate shall make the certificate available. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK JAR 21. or a termination date is otherwise established by the Authority. changes to those variations of the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness shall be made available to all known operators of a product incorporating the Supplemental Type Certificate and shall be made available.120. upon its delivery. on request. Change 1 1–E–2 28.115(c)(2). revoked. on request. aircraft engine.1. or propeller incorporating the features of the Supplemental Type Certificate. on request.119 Manuals The holder of a Supplemental Type Certificate shall produce. 21. to each known owner of one or more aircraft.120 Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (a) The holder of the Supplemental Type Certificate for an aircraft. necessary to cover the changes introduced under the Supplemental Type Certificate. and furnish copies of these manuals to the Authority on request. (c) Implicit in the collaboration with the Type Certificate holder under JAR 21.JAR–21 SECTION 1 JAR 21. and update master copies of variations in the manuals required by the applicable JAR type certification requirements for the product. to the Authority.3. aircraft engine. maintain. and thereafter make those variations in Instructions available.

125(b). JAR 21. (4) Design changes.SECTION 1 JAR–21 SUBPART F – PRODUCTION WITHOUT PRODUCTION ORGANISATION APPROVA L JAR 21. following application. parts and appliances under this Subpart must be made in writing to the Authority and must include (a) Evidence supporting the request for Authority agreement under JAR 21.126 Production inspection system (a) The production inspection system required in JAR 21. 3. (2) Materials subject to damage and deterioration are suitably stored and adequately protected. part or appliance conforms to its approved Type Design and is in condition for safe operation. and bought or subcontracted parts. which ensures satisfactory co-ordination between production and design. part or appliance with applicable design data in the absence of an approved production organisation under Subpart G.121 Applicability (a) This Subpart prescribes rules for showing conformity of an individual product.128.124 Application Each application for Authority agreement to the showing of conformity of individual products. (b) The production inspection system required by JAR 21. or (2) Certification or approval of products.122 Eligibility (b) Provided to the Authority a manual that describes the production inspection system required by sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph and the means for making the determinations of the production inspection system.3 and 21. the Authority agrees that – (1) The issue of a production approval under Subpart G would be inappropriate. or has a suitable agreement with the applicant for or holder of an approval of such a design. (2) Incoming materials.125(a).125(a) must provide a means for determining that (1) Incoming materials. (3) Current design drawings are readily available to manufacturing and inspection personnel.94 1–F–1 Reissued by Change 1 . and the names of persons authorised for the purpose of JAR 21. and bought or subcontracted parts. and (b) An outline of the information required by JAR 21. (4) Rejected materials and parts are segregated and identified in a manner that precludes installation in the finished product. and the tests of JAR 21. and used when necessary. (3) Processes. parts or appliances under this Subpart.6.127 and 21.121(b)(1) or (2). parts and appliances under this Subpart. JAR 21. when the applicant has – (a) Satisfied the Authority that he has established a production inspection system that ensures that each product. if he holds or has applied for an approval covering the Type Design of that product. JAR 21. must also be such as to ensure that – (1) Parts in process are inspected for conformity with the Type Design data at points in production where accurate determinations can be made.129(d). part or appliance. manufacturing techniques and methods of assembly affecting the quality and safety of the finished product are accomplished in accordance with specifications acceptable to the Authority.125 (continued) JAR 21. (c) Satisfied the Authority that he is able to provide assistance in accordance with JAR 21. are properly identified. including material substitutions. Any person may apply to show conformity of individual products. JAR 21.130 (a). used in the finished product are as specified in the Type Design data. parts or appliances under this Subpart is needed in advance of issue of a Production Organisation Approval under Subpart G.125 Issue of Authority agreement The Authority issues a letter agreeing to the showing of conformity of individual products. (b) The rules of this Subpart are only applicable where. have been approved under Subpart D or E and controlled before being incorporated in the finished product.

part or appliance being manufactured under this Subpart shall (a) Make each product.129 Responsibilities of the manufacturer Each manufacturer of a product. all cases where products.130 Statement of Conformity (a) Each manufacturer of an aircraft manufactured under this Subpart must establish an approved production ground and flight test procedure and check-off forms.126 (b) (continued) SECTION 1 (5) Materials and parts that are withheld because of departures from design data or specifications. (3) Where he acts as supplier to an other production organisation. part or appliance. report also to that other organisation. (2) Report to the Authority. identified with the completed product or part where practicable. (1) For each product. parts or appliances that have been produced. (d) Provide assistance to the holder of the Type Certificate or Design Approval in dealing with any continuing airworthiness actions that are related to the products. (5) A check of the operational characteristics of the aircraft on the ground. and in accordance with those forms. test each aircraft produced. or propellers manufactured under this Subpart must subject each engine.127 Tests: aircraft JAR 21. and that all placards and required flight manuals are installed after flight test. (2) A check on flight performance (using normal aircraft instrumentation).125(a). (6) A check on any other items peculiar to the aircraft being tested.125(a). a statement that the aircraft has been ground and flight checked in accordance with JAR 21. parts or appliances have been released by the production organisation and subsequently identified to have deviations from the applicable design data. (6) Records produced under the production inspection system are maintained. JAR 21.128 Tests aircraft engines and propellers (a) Each manufacturer of a product. and investigate with the holder of the Type Certificate or Design Approval to identify those deviations which could lead to an unsafe condition. or variable pitch propeller. part or appliance available for inspection by the Authority. part or appliance conforms to its Type Design and is in condition for safe operation. as a means of establishing relevant aspects of compliance with JAR 21. (3) A check on the proper functioning of all aircraft equipment and systems. to an acceptable functional test to determine if it operates properly throughout the range of operation for which it is Type Certificated.3(b)(2). (2) For each aircraft. (4) A determination that all instruments are properly marked. are subjected to an approved engineering and manufacturing review procedure.6.94 . (b) Maintain at the place of manufacture the technical data and drawings necessary for the Authority to determine whether the product conforms to the Type Design. and are held at the disposal of the Authority and retained by the manufacturer in order to provide the information necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the product. (b) Each production test procedure must include at least the following: (1) A check on handling qualities. Such reports must be made in a form an manner acceptable to the Authority according to JAR 21. (e) (1) Report to the holder of the Type Certificate or Design Approval. (c) Maintain the production inspection system that ensures that each product conforms to the Type Design and is in condition for safe operation.JAR–21 JAR 1.127(a). JAR 21. (b) A Statement of Conformity must include – Each manufacturer of engines. and Reissued by Change 1 1–F–2 3. This Statement must be signed by an authorised person who holds a responsible position in the manufacturing organisation. Those materials and parts determined by this procedure to be serviceable must be properly identified and reinspected if rework or repair is necessary. Materials and parts rejected by this procedure shall be marked and disposed of to ensure that they are not incorporated in the final product. and that are to be considered for installation in the finished product. JAR 21. part or appliance a statement that the product. as a means of establishing relevant aspects of compliance with JAR 21. the deviations identified according to sub-paragraph (e)(1) of this paragraph. part or appliance manufactured under this Subpart must issue a Statement of Conformity for each product.

in accordance with JAR 21. a part or appliance. a statement that the engine or propeller has been subjected by the manufacturer to a final functional test. part or appliance must – (1) Upon the initial transfer by him of the ownership of such a product.128. present a current Statement of Conformity. a propeller.94 1–F–3 Reissued by Change 1 . INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 3. part or appliance conforms to the Type Design and is in condition for safe operation. for validation by the Authority. (c) Each manufacturer of such a product.130 (b) (continued) JAR–21 (3) For each aircraft engine.6. or (3) Upon application for the original issue of an airworthiness Release Document for an aircraft engine. or (2) Upon application for the original issue of an aircraft certificate of airworthiness. part or appliance.SECTION 1 JAR 21. or variable pitch propeller. (d) The Authority validates the Statement of Conformity if it finds after inspection that the product.

6.JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–F–4 3.94 .

Each application for a Production Organisation Approval must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority. and thus exercise the privileges set forth in JAR 21. and copies of amendments must be supplied to the Authority. for a defined scope of work. parts and appliances with the applicable design data through the use of an Approved Production Organisation.139(b)(2).145(a). equipment and tools.143) JAR 21.) The Authority will only accept an application for a production organisation approval if – (a) The Authority agrees that.133(a)) and (b) The applicant holds or has applied for an approval of such a design. (see ACJ 21. or supplied from or subcontracted to outside parties. 28. 1 to 21.143 and the Terms of Approval requested to be issued under JAR 21. This quality system shall be such as to enable the organisation to ensure that each product.139(a) and ACJ No.131) This Subpart prescribes – (a) Rules for the approval of a production organisation and rules governing the holders of such approvals. This monitoring must include a feedback system to the person or group of persons specified in JAR 21. The facilities.139 Quality System (a) The production organisation must show that it has established and can maintain a quality system. and general organisation are adequate to discharge responsibilities under JAR 21. (See ACJ No. such an approval is appropriate for the purpose of showing conformity with a specific design.139 (a) (continued) JAR–21 JAR 21.165. (b) Rules for showing conformity of products.133 Eligibility (1) As applicable within the scope of approval.135 Issue of Production Organisation Approval The production organisation must show. personnel numbers and competence. and adequacy of. PARTS AND APPLIANCES JAR 21. conforms to the applicable design data and is in condition for safe operation. (See ACJ 21. corrective action. JAR 21.139(a). (See ACJ No.143 Exposition (See ACJ 21. (See ACJ 21. on the basis of the information submitted in accordance with JAR 21. working conditions.) (b) The quality system must include – JAR 21. control procedures for those elements shown in Appendix B.SECTION 1 SUBPART G – PRODUCTION ORGANISATION APPROVAL FOR PRODUCTS.163. or the applicant has a suitable arrangement with the applicant for or holder of an approval of such a design which ensures satisfactory co-ordination between production and design. 1 to 21.) The Authority issues a Production Organisation Approval when it is satisfied that compliance has been shown with the applicable requirements of this Subpart G. as necessary. processes and associated materials. (b) The Production Organisation Exposition must be amended as necessary to remain an up-todate description of the organisation. and must include an outline of the information required by JAR 21.) JAR 21. The quality system must be documented. (see ACJ 21.1.134 Application (See ACJ 21. 2 to 21. the documented procedures of the quality system.134) (a) The organisation must furnish to the Authority a production organisation Exposition providing the information listed in Appendix A. 2 to 21.131 Applicability (See ACJ 21.145 (c)(1) to ensure.133(b).143.139(b)(1)) and (2) An independent quality assurance function to monitor compliance with. JAR 21.139(b)(2) and ACJ No.145(c)(2) and ultimately to the manager specified in JAR 21.145 Approval requirements JAR 21.151. part or appliance produced by the organisation or by its partners.97 1–G–1 Change 1 . that – (a) General.

145(d)(2). must be approved by the Authority. (See ACJ 21. the products and/or the categories of parts and appliances for which the holder is entitled to exercise the privileges defined in JAR 21. and are identified.163 under the scope or terms of the approval. JAR 21.163. as far as possible before the implementation of the change.147.JAR–21 JAR 21.149) (1) Certifying Staff has been defined as those personnel who are authorised by the production organisation to sign the documents issued under JAR 21. background (including other functions in the organisation).145(d)(3). (d) Certifying Staff (a) After the issue of a Production Organisation Approval. (c) Organisation (2) The production organisation maintains a record of all certifying staff which must include details of the scope of their authorisation.) JAR 21.147.1.145(c)(2).145(d)(1). A proposal for such a change must be notified as soon as practical and the production organisation must show.151) Terms of approval are issued as part of a Production Organisation Approval.) (3) Certifying staff are provided with evidence of the scope of their authorisation.149 Transferability (See ACJ 21. as appropriate to determine conformity with the applicable design data. and from the holder of or applicant for the approval of the Type Design.148 Changes in location (See ACJ 21. has been nominated. (See ACJ 21. Change 1 1–G–2 28. (See ACJ 21.) (2) The production organisation has a procedure to ensure that airworthiness data are correctly incorporated in its production data.148) A change in the location of the manufacturing facilities of the approved production organisation must be regarded as a change of significance to the organisation which must therefore comply with JAR 21. In this respect such person(s) must ultimately be directly responsible to the manager identified in sub-paragraph (c)(1) of this paragraph.145(c)(1).) (b) The Authority may prescribe the conditions under which a Subpart G approved production organisation may operate during such changes unless the Authority determines that the approval should be suspended. part or appliance. (See ACJ 21. (See ACJ 21. JAR 21. particularly changes to the quality system. background and experience of the managers nominated must be appropriate to discharge their responsibilities.) (3) Staff at all levels have been given appropriate authority to be able to discharge their allocated responsibilities and that there is full and effective co-ordination within the production organisation in respect of airworthiness matters. a Production Organisation Approval is not transferable.151 Terms of approval (See ACJ 21. which must be regarded as a change of significance.) Except for a change in ownership.145 (d) (continued) SECTION 1 (b) Data (1) The production organisation is in receipt of all necessary airworthiness data from the Authority. (See ACJ 21. The knowledge.145(b)(2).97 . to the satisfaction of the Authority that it will continue to comply with requirements of this Subpart G. (See ACJ 21. together with the extent of their authority. and experience of the certifying staff must be appropriate to discharge their allocated responsibilities. and must therefore comply with JAR 21. each change to the approved production organisation that is significant to the showing of conformity or to the airworthiness of the product.147(a).) (3) The above data are kept up to date and made available to all personnel who need access to such data to perform their duties. The Terms of Approval identify the scope of work.147 Changes to the Approved Production Organisation (1) A manager accountable to the Authority. JAR 21.) (2) A manager or group of managers has been nominated to ensure that the organisation is in compliance with the requirements of this Subpart. (See ACJ 21. The knowledge.145(b)(1).145 (continued) JAR 21. with responsibility within the organisation to ensure that all production is performed to the required standards and that the production organisation is continuously in compliance with the data and procedures identified in the Exposition.

159(b)(3) or (4) The production organisation no longer meets the requirements of JAR 21.) JAR 21.163(a). parts or appliances conform to the applicable data before issuing JAA Form One as a conformity Certificate. (see ACJ 21.135 – (a) In the case of complete aircraft and upon presentation of a Statement of Conformity. or (3) it finds evidence that the production organisation cannot maintain satisfactory control of the manufacture of products. or (2) It is prevented by the holder or any of his partners or subcontractor to perform the investigations in accordance with JAR 21. or a termination date is otherwise established by the Authority. Such reports must be 28.163 Privileges (See ACJ 21.165(c). and investigate with the holder of the Type Certificate or Design Approval to identify those deviations which could lead to an unsafe condition. ACJ No. 2 to 21. parts or appliances have been released by the production organisation and subsequently identified to have deviations from the applicable design data.165(d)/(g)). suspend or revoke a Production Organisation Approval if (1) The production organisation fails to show compliance with the applicable requirements of this Subpart G.165(c) and ACJ No.) (b) The Authority may restrict. 3 to 21. parts or appliances under the approval. or – Determine that other products.) JAR 21.) (d) Record all details of work carried out in a form acceptable to the Authority. are used as basic working documents within the organisation.143 and the documents to which it refers. necessary to determine compliance with the applicable requirements of this Subpart G. all cases where products. (See ACJ No.159(a).) (e) (1) Report to the holder of the Type Certificate or Design Approval. (See ACJ 21.165(a).97 1–G–3 Change 1 . obtain an aircraft certificate of airworthiness. 1 to 21. (See ACJ No. (See ACJ 21.163 (continued) JAR–21 JAR 21. or – Determine that other products.157. The holder of a Production Organisation Approval shall – (a) Ensure that the production organisation Exposition furnished in accordance with JAR 21. (2) Report to the Authority. the deviations identified according to sub-paragraph (e)(1) of this paragraph.165(c).153 Changes to the terms of approval (See ACJ 21.163(c).153) Application for a change to the Terms of Approval must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority.163(b).163) The holder of a Production Organisation Approval may.) (c) Maintain a new aircraft that he has produced and issue a certificate of release to service in respect of that maintenance. The applicant must comply with the applicable requirements of this Subpart G.1. without further showing. (b) In the case of other products.165 Responsibilities of Holder Each applicant for or holder of a Production Organisation Approval shall make arrangements that allow the Authority to make any investigations. 1 to 21.133. (See ACJ 21. including investigations of partners and/or subcontractors. (See ACJ 21. JAR 21. parts or appliances issue Authorised Release Certificates (JAA Form One) without further showing. suspended.159 Duration (a) A Production Organisation Approval is valid until surrendered.163(b) and ACJ No. (c) Determine that each completed aircraft conforms to the type design and is in condition for safe operation prior to submitting Statements of Conformity to the Authority. revoked.SECTION 1 JAR 21. (See ACJ 21. within his Terms of Approval issued under JAR 21. Standard or Export.157 Investigations (See ACJ 21.) (b) Maintain the production organisation in conformity with the data and procedures approved for the Production Organisation Approval. parts or appliances are complete and conform to the approved design data and are in condition for safe operation before issuing JAA Form One to certify airworthiness. 2 to 21.157) JAR 21.

parts or appliances. report also to that other organisation.165(e) (continued) SECTION 1 made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority according to JAR 21.165(d)/(g). determine that each completed aircraft has been subjected to necessary maintenance and is in condition for safe operation. (g) Institute an archiving system incorporating requirements to its partners. prior to issuing the certificate. suppliers and subcontractors. (See ACJ 21.) (h) Where. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Change 1 1–G–4 28. (3) Where the Production Organisation Approval holder is acting as a supplier to another production organisation.97 . to be held at the disposal of the Authority and to be retained in order to provide the information necessary to ensure the continuing airworthiness of the products. ensuring conservation of the data used to justify conformity of the products.JAR–21 JAR 21. he issues a certificate of release to service. under his Terms of Approval.1. parts or appliances. (f) Provide assistance to the holder of the Type Certificate or Design Approval in dealing with any continuing airworthiness actions that are related to the products parts or appliances that have been produced.3(b)(2).

(b) Not required for JAR–21. and provided the aircraft remains on the same register.177 Amendment or modification A Certificate of Airworthiness may be amended or modified only by the Authority.1174(a)(1). and instrument markings and other necessary information required by applicable JARs must be presented in a language acceptable to the Authority. The manuals. the statement required by JAR 21. (ii) A Weight and Balance report.180 Availability Each aircraft for which the Authority has issued a Certificate of Airworthiness shall upon request be made available for inspection by the Authority. when applicable. revocation. Unless sooner surrendered. when applicable. be surrendered to the Authority. upon request. (b) Each application must include – (1) For new aircraft JAR 21. placards. JAR 21.1. revoked.171 Applicability JAR 21.175 Language This Subpart prescribes procedural requirements for the issue of Certificates of Airworthiness. (2) For used aircraft – JAR 21.174 Application (a) An application for a Certificate of Airworthiness must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority. or a termination date is otherwise established by the Authority. or termination by order of the Authority of a Certificate of Airworthiness. JAR 21. for an imported aircraft.181 Duration (a) The Authority may suspend. listings. (i) A Weight and Balance Report.97 1–H–1 Change 1 . with a loading schedule. 28. JAR 21.179 Transferability In case of change of ownership of an aircraft. revoke or terminate a Certificate of Airworthiness. with a loading schedule. (iii) The Flight Manual. and maintenance standard of the aircraft. provided the aircraft remains on the same register. the Certificate of Airworthiness is transferred together with the aircraft. for each aircraft in accordance with the applicable JAR. modification. JAR 21. suspended. JAR 21. (iii) Historical records to establish the production.173 Eligibility Any owner (or the agent of the owner) of an aircraft may apply for a Certificate of Airworthiness for that aircraft. for each aircraft in accordance with the applicable JAR. (i) A Statement of Conformity (in the case of production under Subpart F – validated by the Authority) or. a Certificate of Airworthiness is effective within any period specified therein.176 Classification (a) Standard Certificates of Airworthiness are certificates issued for aircraft for which a type certificate has been issued in accordance with JAR–21. when required by the applicable Airworthiness Requirements for the particular aircraft. as long as the maintenance is performed in accordance with the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements. it shall. (b) Upon suspension. (ii) The Flight Manual when such material is required by the applicable Airworthiness Requirements for the particular aircraft.SECTION 1 SUBPART H – CERTIFICATES OF AIRWORTHINESS JAR–21 JAR 21.

or (2) Evidence that – INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (i) The aircraft conforms to a Type Design approved under a Type Certificate. and (ii) The aircraft has been inspected in accordance with the appropriate JAR.174(b)(2) together with. and relating to that aircraft. either (1) at the time of transfer. an effective Certificate of Airworthiness issued by a JAA Authority.181 (continued) SECTION 1 (c) A Certificate of Airworthiness is invalid when the Type Certificate under which it is issued is suspended or revoked under JAR 21. the Authority issues a Certificate of Airworthiness to – (a) New aircraft.97 . JAR 21. and any applicable Supplemental Type Certificate.182 Aircraft identification Each applicant for a Certificate of Airworthiness under this Subpart must show that his aircraft is identified as prescribed in Subpart Q.183 Issue of Standard Certificates of Airworthiness Without prejudice to other provisions of national laws. and to applicable Airworthiness Directives. applicable in the absence of a comprehensive set of JAA rules. upon presentation of the documentation required by JAR 21.174(b)(1).JAR–21 JAR 21. JAR 21.51. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Change 1 1–H–2 28. and (iii) The Authority finds that the aircraft conforms to the Type Design and is in condition for safe operation.1. (b) Used aircraft – Upon presentation of the documentation required by JAR 21.

A251. and (2) To ensure that its responsibilities are properly discharged in accordance with – 3.SECTION 1 SUBPART JA – DESIGN ORGANISATION APPROVAL – PRODUCTS OR CHANGES TO PRODUCTS JAR 21. JAR 21. either directly or by cross-reference.A239(c).A239 Design Assurance System (a) The applicant must show that the Organisation has established and can maintain a Design Assurance System for the control and supervision of the design.A233 Eligibility The Authority will only accept an application for a Design Organisation Approval under this Subpart JA in association with an application for a Type Certificate under JAR 21. as necessary to establish this statement. the relevant procedures and the products or changes to products to be designed.A234 Application Each application for a Design Organisation Approval must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority and must include an outline of the information required by JAR 21. (3) To independently monitor the compliance with.6. and of design changes.603(a) for an article listed in Appendix C.A243. descriptions and information on the design activities and organisation of those partners or subcontractors.) (1) To ensure that the design of the products.) This Subpart prescribes procedural requirements for the approval of design organisations designing products or changes to products and rules governing the holders of such approvals.A243 (a). the documented procedures of the system. JAR 21.A235 Requirements for Issue (See ACJ 21. JAR 21.A235) The Authority issues a Design Organisation Approval when it is satisfied that compliance has been shown with the applicable requirements of this Subpart JA. This Design Assurance System must be such as to enable the Organisation. (d) The applicant must furnish a statement of the qualifications and experience of the management staff and other persons responsible for making decisions affecting airworthiness in the Organisation. and (ii) The Terms of Approval issued under JAR 21.A239(a).A251.A243 Data Requirements JAR 21. This monitoring must include a feed-back system to a person or a group of persons having the responsibility to ensure corrective actions. (c) The applicant must specify the manner in which the Design Assurance System accounts for the acceptability of the parts or appliances designed or the tasks performed by partners or subcontractor according to methods which are the subject of written procedures. for all parts and appliances.A239 (a)(2) Icontinued) JAR–21 JAR 21. and the Terms of Approval requested to be issued under JAR 21. or the design change thereof. comply with the applicable requirements. (a) The applicant must furnish a handbook to the Authority which must describe. and must contain. the handbook must include a statement of how the applicant will be able to give. of products covered by the application. or for a JTSO Authorisation under JAR 21.) (b) Where any parts or appliances or any changes to the products are designed by partner organisations or subcontractors of the applicant.113. (See ACJ 21. the Organisation. and adequacy of.A231) (i) The appropriate regulations of this JAR–21. the assurance of compliance required by JAR 21.15.A231 Applicability (See ACJ 21. JAR 21. directly or by cross-reference. (b) The Design Assurance System must include an independent checking function of the showings of compliance on the basis of which the Organisation submits compliance statements and associated documentation to the Authority.94 1–JA–1 Reissued by Change 1 . (c) The handbook shall be amended as necessary to remain an up-to-date description of the Organisation. (See ACJ 21. (See ACJ 21. for a Supplemental Type Certificate under JAR 21.A239(b). and copies of amendments shall be supplied to the Authority.

Each change to the Terms of Approval must be approved by the Authority. or date otherwise Except for a change in ownership of the Organisation.JAR–21 SECTION 1 JAR 21.6. suspend or revoke a Design Organisation Approval if it – (1) Finds that the Organisation does not comply with the applicable requirements of this Subpart JA. or (2) Suspended Authority.A257) (a) Each holder of a Design Organisation Approval shall make arrangements that allow the Authority to make any investigations. on the basis of submission of proposed changes to the handbook.A257 Investigations (See ACJ 21.A251) Terms of Approval are issued as part of a Design Organisation Approval. (b) There is full and efficient co-ordination between departments and within departments in respect to airworthiness matters.A243 must show that. An application for approval shall be submitted in writing to the Authority and the Design Organisation shall show.A253 Change to the Terms of Approval The information submitted in accordance with JAR 21. This lists the types of design work.A239 – (a) The staff in all technical departments are of sufficient numbers and experience and have been given appropriate authority to be able to discharge their allocated responsibilities and that these.A239(b). which must be regarded as a change of significance. to the satisfaction of the Authority.94 . or (2) Is prevented by the holder or any of its partners and/or subcontracts to perform the investigations in accordance with JAR 21. Reissued by Change 1 1–JA–2 3.A245) JAR 21. that it will continue to comply with JAR 21. necessary to determine compliance with the applicable regulations in this Subpart JA. together with the accommodation. JAR 21.A245 Requirements for Approval (See ACJ 21.A245 after implementation.A247 Changes in Design Assurance System After the grant of a Design Organisation Approval. facilities and equipment are adequate to enable the staff to achieve the airworthiness objectives for the product. and the functions and duties that the Organisation is approved to perform in regard to the airworthiness of products. must be approved by the Authority.A247. including investigations of partners and/or subcontractors. in addition to complying with JAR 21.A257.A249) The end of a specified duration. the categories of products and the specific products or changes thereof for which the design organisation holds a Design Organisation Approval. The applicant must comply with the applicable requirements of this Subpart JA.A251 Terms of Approval (See ACJ 21. or (3) or revoked by the JAR 21. (4) A termination established by the Authority. (b) The Authority may restrict. JAR 21.A259 Duration (a) A Design Organisation Approval remains valid until – (1) Surrendered by the holder of the Design Organisation Approval. and must therefore comply with JAR 21. Application for a change to the Terms of Approval must be made in writing to the Authority. and before implementation of the change. JAR 21. each change to the Design Assurance System that is significant to the showing of compliance or to the airworthiness of the product. or (3) Finds evidence that the Design Assurance System cannot maintain satisfactory control and supervision of the design of products or changes thereof under the approval. a Design Organisation Approval is not transferable. (b) The applicant must allow the Authority to make any inspections and any flight and ground tests necessary to check the validity of the compliance statements submitted by the applicant under JAR 21. JAR 21.A249 Transferability (See ACJ 21.

A265 Responsibility of Holder of Design Organisation Approval The holder of a Design Organisation Approval shall – (a) Maintain the handbook in conformity with the Design Assurance System. (See ACJ 21.A263(b)(2). comply with applicable requirements and have no unsafe feature. issue corresponding information or instructions containing a statement that the technical content is approved. (See ACJ 21. (See ACJ 21.602 (b).A263 Privileges (a) Subject to JAR 21.94 1–JA–3 Reissued by Change 1 . (See ACJ 21.A265 (continued) JAR–21 JAR 21. and issue such changes containing a statement that the change is approved. compliance documents submitted by the Organisation for the purpose of – (1) Obtaining a Type Certificate or approval of a major change to a Type Design.A265(a). (3) Obtaining a Joint Technical Standard Order Authorisation under JAR 21.3(d).) (3) When a major change to a Type Design has been approved by the Authority.A257(b).A263(b)(3). (b) The holder of a Design Organisation Approval may.) (d) Submit to the Authority statements and associated documentation confirming compliance with sub-paragraph (c) of this paragraph. (5) Issue information or instructions not associated with changes except for required actions under JAR 21.) (c) Determine that the design of (1) Products. within his Terms of Approval – (1) Classify design changes as “major” or “minor” under a procedure agreed with the Authority. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK JAR 21. (See ACJ 21. as applicable.) (b) Ensure that this handbook is used as a basic working document within the Organisation.) 3.SECTION 1 JAR 21. (2) Obtain approval of minor design changes under modification procedures agreed with the Authority and issue corresponding information or instructions containing a statement that the technical content is approved. or changes thereof.) (4) Obtain approval of documentary changes to the MMEL and to the aircraft flight manual under a procedure agreed with the Authority.A265(b). or (2) Obtaining a Supplemental Type Certificate.A263(b)(5).6. may be accepted by the Authority without further verification. (2) (Reserved.

JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–JA–4 3.94 .6.

) (b) (Reserved.B245) The information submitted in accordance with JAR 21.94 1–JB–1 Reissued by Change 1 . or Supplemental Type Certificate. JAR 21. and the Terms of Approval requested to be issued under JAR 21. and adequacy of. if the Authority agrees that such an approval is appropriate for the purpose of assisting applicants for or holders of Type Certificates or Supplemental Type Certificates in showing compliance with the airworthiness requirements of the JARs. the documented procedures of the system.B239 Design Assurance System (a) (See ACJ 21. and of design changes.B233) The Authority will only accept an application for a Design Organisation Approval covering the design of parts or appliances.B245 Requirements for Approval (See ACJ 21.B233 Eligibility (See ACJ 21. or changes thereof. (c) The applicant must specify the manner in which the Design Assurance System accounts for the acceptability of the parts or appliances designed or the tasks performed by partners or sub-contractors according to methods which are the subject of written procedures. This Subpart prescribes procedural requirements for the approval of design organisations designing parts and appliances or changes thereto and rules governing the holders of such approvals. or the design change thereof. This monitoring must include a feed-back system to a person or a group of persons having the responsibility to ensure corrective actions.B235 Requirements for Issue (a) The applicant must furnish a handbook to the Authority which must describe either directly.B231 Applicability (See ACJ 21. (c) The handbook shall be amended as necessary to remain an up-to-date description of the Organisation. comply with the applicable requirements. the relevant procedures and the parts and appliances or changes thereto.B251. JAR 21. JAR 21.6.B243 (a).B243 Data Requirements JAR 21.B239(a). in addition to complying with JAR 21.B243 must show that. and (ii) The Terms of Approval issued under JAR 21.A239(c). JAR 21.) The applicant must show that the Organisation has established and can maintain a Design Assurance System for the control and supervision of the design. (See ACJ 21. in the manner specified in JAR 21. (b) The Design Assurance System must include an independent checking function of the showings of compliance.B231) (2) To ensure that its responsibilities are properly discharged in accordance with – (i) The appropriate regulations of this JAR-21. of parts and appliances covered by the application.) The Authority issues a Design Organisation Approval when it is satisfied that compliance has been shown with the applicable requirements of this Subpart JB.B234 Application Each application for a Design Organisation Approval must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority and must include an outline of the information required by JAR 21.B239 – 3. (3) To independently monitor the compliance with. This Design Assurance System must be such as to enable the Organisation – (1) To assist the applicant for a Type Certificate.B251. (d) The applicant must furnish a statement of the qualifications and experience of the management staff and other persons responsible for making decisions affecting airworthiness in the Organisation. to be designed.SECTION 1 SUBPART JB – DESIGN ORGANISATION APPROVAL – PARTS AND APPLIANCES JAR 21. and JAR 21. and copies of amendments shall be supplied to the Authority. in ensuring that the design of the parts and appliances.B239 (a) (continued) JAR–21 JAR 21. or by cross-reference the Organisation.B243.

and before implementation of the change. that it will continue to comply with JAR 21. The holder of a Design Organisation Approval shall – (a) Maintain the handbook in conformity with the Design Assurance System.B245. JAR 21. The applicant must comply with the applicable requirements of this Subpart JB. Application for a change to the Terms of Approval must be made in writing to the Authority.B247.B253 Change to the Terms of Approval Each change to the Terms of Approval must be approved by the Authority. JAR 21.B265(b). must be approved by the Authority. or (2) Is prevented by the holder or any of its sub-contractors to perform the investigations in accordance with JAR 21. (b) The Authority may restrict. and must therefore comply with JAR 21. to the satisfaction of the Authority.) (b) Ensure that this handbook is used as a basic working document within the Organisation.JAR–21 JAR 21. or date otherwise (4) A termination established by the Authority. (See ACJ 21. (b) There is full and efficient co-ordination between departments and within departments in respect to airworthiness matters. (See ACJ 21.B257. or (3) or revoked by the The end of a specified duration. under the approval.6. (a) A Design Organisation Approval remains valid until – (1) Surrendered by the holder of the Design Organisation Approval. suspend or revoke a Design Organisation Approval if it – JAR 21. which must be regarded as a change of significance. facilities and equipment are adequate to enable the staff to achieve the airworthiness objectives for the part or appliance.B259 Duration After the grant of a Design Organisation Approval. JAR 21.B249) (1) Finds that the Organisation does not comply with the applicable requirements of this Subpart JB.B247 Changes in Design Assurance System Each holder of a Design Organisation Approval shall make arrangements that allow the Authority to make any investigations necessary to determine compliance with the applicable regulations in this Subpart JB.B251 Terms of Approval (See ACJ 21. or (2) Suspended Authority. a Design Organisation Approval is not transferable. together with the accommodation.B265 Responsibility of Holder of Design Organisation Approval Except for a change in ownership of the Organisation. after implementation. JAR 21.B251) Terms of Approval are issued as part of a design organisation Approval. or (3) Finds evidence that the Design Assurance System cannot maintain satisfactory control and supervision of the design of parts and appliances. JAR 21. or to the airworthiness of the part or appliance. on the basis of submission of proposed changes to the handbook. or changes thereof. and the functions and duties that the Organisation is approved to perform in regard to the airworthiness of parts or appliances. This lists the types of design work and the categories of parts or appliances for which the design organisation holds a Design Organisation Approval.B257 Investigations JAR 21.B265(a). each change to the Design Assurance System that is significant to the showing of compliance.B249 Transferability (See ACJ 21.94 .B245 (continued) SECTION 1 (a) The staff in all technical departments are of sufficient numbers and experience and have been given appropriate authority to be able to discharge their allocated responsibilities and that these. An application for approval shall be submitted in writing to the Authority and the Design Organisation shall show.) Reissued by Change 1 1–JB–2 3.

under the JPA procedures of Subpart P. compliance must be shown with the applicable JTSO Specification or with specifications accepted by the Authority as equivalent in the particular case. in accordance with established Industry or Government Specifications. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK JAR 21.1. This Subpart is applicable after 1 June JAR 21. or (b) Where applicable. D or E for the product in which it is to be installed. JAR 21. under the JTSO Authorisation procedures of Subpart O.303 Compliance with Requirements The showing of compliance with applicable requirements for parts and appliances to be installed in a type certificated product may only be made (a) In conjunction with the type certification procedures of Subpart B.307 Release of Parts and Appliances for Installation No replacement or modification part or appliance (except a standard part). or (c) Where applicable. 28.SECTION 1 SUBPART K – PARTS AND APPLIANCES JAR–21 JAR 21.97 1–K–1 Change 1 . or (d) In the case of Standard Parts.301 Applicability (a) This Subpart prescribes (directly or by cross reference) procedural requirements related to the approval of parts and appliances. is eligible for installation in a type certificated product unless it is– (a) Accompanied by an Airworthiness Release Document.305 Approval of Parts and Appliances Wherever a part or appliance is explicitly required to be approved under a JAR. and (b) Marked in accordance with Subpart Q. (b) 1999.

6.94 .JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–K–2 3.

(7) A description of the methods used.SECTION 1 SUBPART L – EXPORT AIRWORTHINESS APPROVALS JAR–21 JAR 21. with a loading schedule when applicable. and (2) Rules governing the holders of those approvals.325 Export Airworthiness Approvals (a) Kinds of approvals (1) Export airworthiness approval of complete aircraft is issued in the form of Export Certificates of Airworthiness. historical records to establish the production. or reference.1. (2) Export airworthiness approval of other products. Such certificates do not authorise the operation of aircraft. parts. as applicable – (1) A Statement of Conformity for each new aircraft. If the export airworthiness approval is issued on the basis of a written statement by the importing State in accordance with JAR 21. for each aircraft in accordance with the applicable JAR. (c) Export airworthiness approval exceptions. the requirements that are not met and the differences in configuration. part or appliance. (2) A weight and balance report. JAR 21. 28. and maintenance standard of the aircraft or product. (10) A statement as to the date when title passed or is expected to pass to a foreign purchaser.97 1–L–1 Change 1 . part or appliance must be listed on the export airworthiness approval as exceptions. (3) A maintenance manual for each new aircraft when such a manual is required by the applicable airworthiness rules.321 Applicability JAR 21. (b) The owner (or agent of the owner) of a used product. (9) A statement as to the date on which any documents not made available at the date of application are expected to be available. between the product. (8) The Flight Manual when such material is required by the applicable airworthiness regulations for the particular aircraft. part or appliance to be exported and the related type approved product.1(e) the Authority finds that the location of the product. (b) Each application must include. if any. (4) Evidence of compliance with the applicable Airworthiness Directives. JAR 21. the applicable form must include a general description of the installations together with a statement that the installation will be removed and the aircraft restored to the approved configuration upon completion of the delivery flight. part or appliance does not place an undue burden upon the Authority in administering the provisions of this Subpart.327 (a) This Subpart prescribes – Application for an Export Certificate of Airworthiness (1) Procedural requirements for the issue of export airworthiness approvals. part or appliance. An Export Airworthiness Approval is only issued if in addition to complying with JAR 21. for the preservation and packaging of such aircraft to protect them against corrosion and damage while in transit or storage. (b) This Subpart is applicable after 1 June 1999. A suitable notation must be made when such Directives are not complied with. The description must also indicate the duration of the effectiveness of such methods.323 Eligibility The Authority will only accept an application for an export airworthiness approval from – (a) The manufacturer or owner (or agent of the owner) of a new product. (b) Location of product. if any. (a) An application for an Export Certificate of Airworthiness must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority and be submitted to the appropriate Authority Office. (5) When temporary installations are incorporated in an aircraft for the purpose of export delivery. part or appliance.329(b) or 21. modification. or appliances are issued in the form of Authorised Release Certificates (JAA Form One) issued in accordance with applicable JARs. (6) For used aircraft. (except Standard parts).331(b).

parts and appliances as necessary to protect them against corrosion and damage whilst in transit or storage and state the duration of effectiveness of such methods.327(b) have been submitted. and assembly instructions. and ground testing is necessary to ensure that the aircraft will conform to the approved configuration when assembled. (c) Preserve and package products.6. and such other materials as are stipulated in the special requirements of the importing country. Maintenance Manuals. (3) Used aircraft possess or qualify for a valid Certificate of Airworthiness issued by the Authority. (b) Forward the manufacturer’s assembly instructions and a flight test check off form approved by the Authority to the Authority of the importing country when unassembled aircraft are being exported. The documents. need not meet a requirement specified in sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph if acceptable to the importing country and the importing country indicates that acceptability. if acceptable to the importing country and the importing country indicates that acceptability.329 Issue of Export Certificate of Airworthiness (a) The Authority issues an Export Certificate of Airworthiness if the applicant shows.g. (b) A product other than aircraft. that (1) The aircraft conforms to the Type Design acceptable to the importing country.331 Use of Authorised Release Documents for Export (a) An Authorised Release Document may only be used in connection with the export of a product other than aircraft. (b) An aircraft need not meet a requirement specified in sub-paragraphs (a)(1) to (5) of this paragraph as applicable. alignment. Service Bulletins. JAR 21. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK JAR 21. and (2) The product other than aircraft.JAR–21 JAR 21. (2) New aircraft have been produced under Subpart F or G of this JAR–21.335 (continued) SECTION 1 JAR 21. (5) All documents listed 21. (4) The aircraft meets the additional requirements for import of the importing country. or the part or appliance. or a part or appliance.94 .335 Duties and Responsibilities of Holders of Export Airworthiness Approvals Unless otherwise agreed with the Importing Authority. except as provided in sub-paragraph (b) of this paragraph. meets the additional requirements for import of the importing country. the Exporter receiving an export airworthiness approval shall – Reissued by Change 1 1–L–2 3. These instructions must be in sufficient detail to permit whatever rigging. Flight Manuals. information and material may be forwarded by any means consistent with the special requirements of the importing country. in JAR in (a) Forward to the Authority of the importing country all documents and information necessary for the proper operation of the products being exported e. (d) Remove or cause to be removed any temporary installation incorporated on an aircraft for the purpose of export delivery and restore the aircraft to the approved configuration upon completion of the delivery flight. (6) The aircraft is identified accordance with Subpart Q of this JAR–21. or a part or appliance where – (1) The Authorised Release Document has been issued in accordance with the applicable JARs.

must be treated as a change to the Type Design.SECTION 1 SUBPART M – REPAIRS JAR–21 JAR 21. the design of which has not been approved under the Type Certification process.6.94 1–M–1 Reissued by Change 1 . and must be approved according to Subpart D or E. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 3.431 Approval of Design of Repairs A repair.

JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–M–2 3.94 .6.

that is used or intended to be used in operating or controlling an aircraft in flight. part. the term “part” when used alone carries its normal dictionary meaning. (d) The actions and obligations required to be undertaken by the holder of or applicant for a certificate or approval issued under Subpart N may be undertaken on his behalf by another person. (ii) The approval of changes to JAA type certificated products when such changes are designed by a person located in a non-JAA country. (j) Mandatory Clauses – use “shall”. apparatus. and are referred to as a “requirement” where they are a condition precedent (i. or propeller. (e) “Parts and appliances” means any instrument. (d) For the purpose of Subpart N. and (iii) The issue of standard Certificates of Airworthiness for imported aircraft. the term “appliance” is not used alone. (i) “Demonstrate”. (h) “Conform”. “compliance” are used in connection with meeting a rule. “Export” mean the transfer of products. and is installed in or attached to the aircraft.e. “product” means an aircraft. (2) When a Sub-Subpart of this Subpart N is not applicable. (e) An applicant for a certification or approval under Subpart N must be a person as defined in JAR 21N2(k). each of them acting in accordance with joint procedures. (See ACJ 21N1(c)). equipment. including communications equipment. provided the holder of or applicant for that certificate or approval can show that he has made arrangements between himself and the other person such as to ensure that the holder’s responsibilities are and will be properly discharged. (2) In Sub-Subpart N–O. (2) Procedural requirements for the approval of certain imported products other than aircraft. means demonstrate to the JAA. (c) “JAA Authority” means an Authority that has signed the Arrangements Document of 11 September 1990. “conformity” are used in connection with showing or finding a product. or accessory. noncompliance leads to failure to obtain a certificate of approval). (b) (1) This Subpart N becomes effective on 1 June 1999. 28. (3) Rules governing the holders of any certificate or approval specified in subparagraphs (1) and (2) of this paragraph. parts and appliances first type certificated or approved by a non-JAA Authority and to the approval of changes to products. unless otherwise stated. use “must”. (f) “Import”. PARTS AND APPLIANCES. (b) “Exporting Authority” means the national Authority of a non-JAA applicant. It includes parts of an airframe.SECTION 1 JAR–21 SUBPART N – IMPORTED PRODUCTS.97 1–N–1 Change 1 .1. and are referred to as a “regulation” where they are an imperative. parts and appliances when such changes are already approved by a non-JAA Authority. the current existing relevant procedures agreed between a JAA Authority and the Exporting Authority remain applicable. AND CHANGES DESIGNED IN A NON-JAA COUNTRY SUB-SUBPART N-A JAR 21N1 GENERAL JAR 21N2 Definitions and Associated Procedures Applicability (a) This Subpart N prescribes: (1) Procedural requirements for: (i) The issue of Type Certificates for imported products. parts and appliances subject to a JTSO Authorisation for Import are referred to as “articles”. aircraft engine. engine or propeller. (c) The definitions and requirements in this Subpart N apply to imported products. (g) “Comply”. and of certain imported parts and appliances. mechanism. parts and appliances between a JAA country and a non-JAA country. appurtenance. regulation or requirement. part or appliance is in accordance with an approved design. NOTE: (1) In JAR–21. (a) The “Joint Aviation Authorities” (referred to in Subpart N as “JAA”) means all the Authorities that have signed the JAA Arrangements Document of 11 September 1990.

that these are in accordance with ICAO Annex 8. or equivalent document. for aircraft. for the same product accepted by the Exporting Authority. JAR 21N3 Reserved JAR 21N13 Eligibility JAR 21N5 Commencement of an Investigation The JAA will commence their investigation in respect of an application only when they are satisfied that the Exporting Authority has entered into or is prepared to enter into an Arrangement: (a) which will enable the JAA to find. or (2) That has had his application for an original Type Certificate. (l) “Arrangement” is a formal record of acceptable alternative procedures by which the Exporting Authority certifies and the JAA finds compliance to JAR–21 Subpart N for imported products. parts and appliances designed and manufactured in a JAA country. and have been jointly agreed within JAA. a description of the design features. for the same product.97 . or propeller Type Certificate must be accompanied by a general arrangement drawing.1. aircraft engines and propellers. it can include an Organisation or Company. the operating characteristics. (b) An application for an aircraft Type Certificate must be accompanied by a three–view drawing of that aircraft and preliminary basic data including the proposed operating characteristics and limitations. that is submitted by a person: (a) That is subject to the jurisdiction of an ICAO country. (c) An application for an aircraft engine. (See ACJ 21N13(b)) JAR 21N15 Application for Type Certificate (a) An application for a Type Certificate must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the JAA. submitted to the JAA together with evidence of compliance with JAR 21N13(a) and (b). The JAA will only accept an application for a Type Certificate for an imported product. and (b) Rules governing the holders of those certificates. that the procedures used by the Exporting Authority to show compliance with the applicable requirements of Subpart N are an acceptable alternative to the procedures of JAR–21 for products. and notified to the Exporting Authority. parts and appliances and changes designed in the Exporting Authority’s country. of the engine or propeller. and.JAR–21 JAR 21N2 (continued) SECTION 1 (k) “Person” is a legal entity which is subject to the jurisdiction of its National Authority. or equivalent document. (See ACJ 21N5). and (b) which confirms that the Exporting Authority is prepared to undertake responsibilities for support of the continuing airworthiness of the product. and the proposed operating limitations. issued by the Exporting Authority. Change 1 1–N–2 28. and (b) (1) that holds the original Type Certificate. Part 2. JAR 21N6 Other format of the arrangement The arrangement identified in 21N5 and any reference to it in Subpart N may take the form of Implementation procedures for Airworthiness of a bilateral aviation safety agreement that have been established between the Export State and a JAA member State (or group of states) provided these implementation procedures meet the objectives of JAR 21N5. SUB-SUBPART N–B TYPE CERTIFICATION OF IMPORTED PRODUCTS JAR 21N11 Applicability This Sub-Subpart prescribes: (a) Procedural requirements for the issue of Type Certificates for imported aircraft.

SECTION 1 JAR–21 JAR 21N16 Special Conditions (See ACJ 21N16) JAR 21N19 Reserved (a) The JAA prescribes Special Conditions for a product. (b) (c) [Reserved] It is shown that: (1) the product to be certificated meets the applicable requirements designated in accordance with JAR 21N17. to the applicant. aircraft engine. must provide to the JAA the means by which such compliance has been shown. or (2) The intended use of the product is unconventional. Aircraft Engines and Propellers JAR 21N17 Designation of Applicable Requirements (a) The applicable requirements for the issue of a Type Certificate for an aircraft. 28. for aircraft. or propeller are: (1) the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements that are effective on the date of application for that certificate unless (i) or (ii) Compliance with later effective amendments is elected or required under this paragraph. or equivalent document. (2) any airworthiness provisions not complied with are compensated for by factors that provide an equivalent level of safety. (b) Except where the Arrangement set up in accordance with JAR 21N5 provides an equivalent procedure. or propeller.97 1–N–3 Change 1 . because: (1) the product has novel or unusual design features relative to the design practices on which the applicable JAR is based. (2) Any Special Conditions prescribed in accordance with JAR 21N16(a). Without prejudice to other provisions of national laws applicable in the absence of a comprehensive set of JAR rules. if the airworthiness requirements of the JAR do not contain adequate or appropriate safety standards for the product. he must also comply with any other amendment that the JAA finds is directly related. for the same product (in the case of aircraft. if: (a) the original Type Certificate. as required by the JAA. the document in conformity with which Certificates of Airworthiness may be issued complying with ICAO Annex 8) has been issued by the Exporting Authority.1. the applicant must provide a Declaration of Compliance declaring that he has shown compliance with all applicable requirements. has shown that unsafe conditions may develop. (b) The Special Conditions contain such safety standards as the JAA finds necessary to establish a level of safety equivalent to that established in the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements. or (3) experience from other similar products in service or products having similar design features. (4) the Type Certificate holder prepared to comply with JAR 21N44. JAR 21N21 Issue of Type Certificate: Aircraft. (See ACJ 21N17(a)) (b) (c) (d) Reserved Reserved Reserved Otherwise specified by the JAA. JAR 21N20 Compliance with Applicable Requirements (a) The applicant for a Type Certificate must show compliance with applicable requirements and. and is (e) If an applicant elects to comply with an amendment to the Joint Aviation Requirements that is effective after the date of reference for the designation of applicable requirements specified in accordance with JAR 21N17(a). (see ACJ 21N21(c)). Part 2. and obtain the Exporting Authority’s validation of this Declaration. the JAA may issue a Type Certificate for an aircraft or an aircraft engine. (5) there are provisions to support the continuing airworthiness of the product. and. (3) no feature or characteristic makes the product unsafe for the uses for which certification is requested. these are in accordance with ICAO Annex 8.

propeller or part conforms to the applicable design data. aircraft engine. propeller. propeller or part thereof presented to the JAA for tests confirming that the aircraft. JAR 21N33 Inspection and Tests (a) In accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. (2) Information on materials and processes and on methods of manufacture and assembly of the product necessary to ensure the conformity of the product. or part thereof and the time that it is presented to the JAA for test. (2) to determine that no feature or characteristic makes the product unsafe for the uses for which certification is requested. (b) Each Type Design shall be adequately identified. necessary to define the configuration and the design features of the product shown to comply with the Applicable Requirements. aircraft engine. and (2) No change may be made to an aircraft. or part thereof between the time that compliance with sub-paragraph (c)(2) of this paragraph is shown for that aircraft.97 . (b) Furthermore. (d) The applicant must submit a statement of conformity to the JAA for each aircraft. (i) that materials and products adequately conform to the specifications in the Type Design.1.JAR–21 JAR 21N21 (continued) JAR 21N33(a) (continued) SECTION 1 and (d) The JAA is satisfied that the finding of compliance with sub-paragraph (c) of this paragraph has been made in accordance with the arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. (ii) that parts of the products adequately conform to the drawings in the Type Design. aircraft engine. unless otherwise authorised by the JAA: (1) No aircraft. and a listing of those drawings and specifications. propeller. or part thereof may be presented to the JAA for test unless compliance with sub-paragraph (c)(2) of this paragraph has been shown for that aircraft. aircraft engine. and Change 1 1–N–4 28. or part thereof. each applicant must allow the JAA to make any inspection and any flight and ground test necessary: (1) To accept the Declaration of Compliance submitted by the applicant under JAR 21N20(b) or any alternative/equivalent procedure. each applicant must have made all inspections and ground and flight tests necessary to determine: (1) that the design complies with the airworthiness requirements relevant to the tests performed. the determination of the airworthiness of later products of the same type. and (iii) that the manufacturing processes. (2) for the test specimen: JAR 21N23 Reserved JAR 21N25 Reserved JAR 21N27 Reserved JAR 21N29 Reserved JAR 21N31 Type Design (a) The Type Design consists of: (1) The drawings and specifications. (c) Before tests under sub-paragraph (a) are undertaken. aircraft engine. propeller. propeller. construction and assembly adequately conform to those specified in the Type Design. (3) The Airworthiness Limitations section of the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness as required by the appropriate Joint Aviation Requirements. This statement of conformity must include a specific statement that the applicant has complied with sub-paragraphs (b) and (c) of this paragraph. and (4) Any other data necessary to allow by comparison. aircraft engine.

shall be made available. suspended. except gliders and except aircraft of 2730 kg or less maximum certificated weight. at least 300 hours of operation with a full complement of engines that conform to a type certificate. 28. to determine whether there is reasonable assurance that the aircraft. (b) The JAA must have been satisfied of the ability of the transferee to undertake the responsibilities. the type certificate data sheet. the applicable requirements with which the JAA records compliance. (b) The applicant must make all flight tests that the JAA find necessary (1) To determine compliance with the applicable certification requirements. JAR 21N55 Recordkeeping JAR 21N43 Reserved All relevant design information. on request. for this purpose. unless transferred in accordance with JAR 21N47. and (2) For aircraft to be certificated under this Subpart N. JAR 21N45 Reserved JAR 21N47 Transferability (a) Transfer of a Type Certificate may only be made to a Person that is prepared to undertake the responsibilities in JAR 21N44. at least 150 hours of operation.SECTION 1 JAR–21 JAR 21N35 Flight Tests JAR 21N44 Responsibilities (a) When the JAA decide to make flight tests under JAR 21N33. on request. in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5 JAR 21N49 Availability The holder of a Type Certificate shall make the certificate available. and upon transfer of the original Type Certificate (or equivalent document).97 1–N–5 Change 1 . the operating limitations. to the JAA. to that Person. held by the Type Certificate holder in accordance with national procedures of the Exporting Authority defined under the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. JAR 21N50 Reserved JAR 21N37 Reserved JAR 21N51 Duration JAR 21N39 Reserved A Type Certificate is effective until surrendered. or a termination date is otherwise established by the JAA. and (2) For all other aircraft. he shall continue to hold the original Type Certificate or equivalent document. these shall be conducted in accordance with conditions for the safety of such flight tests specified by the JAA. including inspection records for the product tested. revoked. (c) The flight tests prescribed in sub-paragraph (b) of this paragraph must include: (1) For aircraft incorporating turbine engines of a type not previously used in a type certificated aircraft. JAR 21N41 Type Certificate JAR 21N53 Reserved The Type Certificate is considered to include the Type Design. and any other conditions or limitations prescribed for the product in the appropriate JAR. to the JAA. (d) Flight tests performed under subparagraphs (b) and (c) of this paragraph must be conducted in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. its parts and appliances are reliable and function properly.1. drawings and test reports. Each holder of a Type Certificate shall undertake the responsibilities in JAR 21N49 and 21N55 to 21N61 and.

97 . an application for approval of a major change to a Type Design must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the JAA. maintain and update master copies of all manuals required by the applicable JAR type certification requirements for the product. to each known owner in a JAA country of one or more imported aircraft or aircraft incorporating the imported product upon its delivery. or other characteristics affecting the airworthiness of the product. and provide copies. to the JAA. Changes in Type Design are classified as minor and major. comprising descriptive data and accomplishment instructions prepared in accordance with the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements. operational characteristics. The application must include: Change 1 1–N–6 28. when such changes are designed by a person located in a nonJAA country. JAR 21N92 Eligibility (a) The JAA will only accept an application for approval of major change to the Type Design of an imported product under Sub-Subpart N–D from the Type Certificate Holder when (1) he holds an approval for the major change issued by the Exporting Authority. JAR 21N93 Major Changes: Application Unless specific provisions exist in the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. whichever occurs later. reliability. or propeller shall produce. and thereafter make those instructions available to any other person required by another JAR to comply with any of the terms of those Instructions. or upon issue of the first Certificate of Airworthiness for the affected aircraft. (See also Sub-Subpart N–E) JAR 21N61 Instructions for Continued Airworthiness JAR 21N91 Classification of changes in Type Design (a) The holder of the Type Certificate for a product shall furnish at least one set of complete Instructions for Continued Airworthiness. All changes (major and minor) must be approved in accordance with JAR 21N95 or 21N97 as appropriate.1. SUB-SUBPART N–D CHANGES TO TYPE CERTIFICATES JAR 21N90 Applicability This Sub-Subpart prescribes procedural requirements for the approval of changes to Type Designs and to Type Certificates. aircraft engine. A “minor change” is one that has no appreciable effect on the weight. or (2) he has had his application for approval of the major change accepted by the Exporting Authority. on request. All other changes are “major changes”.JAR–21 SECTION 1 JAR 21N57 Manuals The Type Certificate holder for an aircraft. balance. (b) In addition changes to the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness shall be made available to all known operators of the product in the JAA countries and shall be made available on request to any person required by another JAR to comply with any of those Instructions. and must be adequately identified. (b) All other applicants for approval of a major change to the Type Design of a product who are located in a non-JAA country must apply under SubSubpart N–E. submitted to the JAA and notified to the Exporting Authority. structural strength.

plus any other amendments the JAA finds to be directly related. or (2) The applicable Joint Aviation Requirements in effect on the date of the application for the change. (2) Show that the changed product complies with applicable requirements.97 1–N–7 Change 1 . and (iii) no feature or characteristic makes the product unsafe for the uses for which certification is requested. JAR 21N99 Reserved 28. 21N35. (2) It is shown that: (i) the changed product meets the applicable requirements. (ii) any airworthiness provisions not complied with are compensated for by factors that provide an equivalent level of safety. under the modification procedures of sub-paragraph (b) of this paragraph. (b) Identification of any re-investigations necessary to show compliance of the changed product with the applicable requirements. (b) Minor changes in a Type Design are classified and approved through the use of modification procedures described in the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. as specified in JAR 21N101 (See ACJ 21N21(c)). that the changed product meets the applicable requirements as specified in JAR 21N101. and (2) Any special conditions. as specified in JAR 21N101 (a) and (b).) JAR 21N101 Designation of Applicable Requirements Unless otherwise specified by the JAA: (a) An applicant for approval of a change to a Type Design must comply with either: (1) The requirements incorporated by reference in the Type Certificate. in accordance with JAR 21N101. JAR 21N103 Issue of Approval (a) The JAA approves a major change to a Type Design if: (1) the applicant has obtained an approval for the same change from the Exporting Authority. (2) the requirements with which the change has been designed to comply. submit to the JAA substantiating data.1. JAR 21N97 Major Changes: Compliance with Applicable Requirements. (c) Reserved (See ACJ 21N101) JAR 21N95 Minor Changes (a) The JAA approve a minor change to a Type Design if it is shown. the applicant must comply with: (1) the applicable provisions of the JAR in effect on the date of the application for the change that the JAA finds necessary to provide a level of safety equal to that established by the requirements incorporated by reference in the Type Certificate for the product. and. (b) Approval of a major change in a Type Design is limited to that (those) configuration(s) in the Type Design upon which the change is made. together with the means by which compliance is shown. (3) Except where the Arrangement set up in accordance with JAR 21N5 provides otherwise. (b) If the JAA finds that a proposed change consists of a new design or a substantially complete redesign of a part of the product and that the requirements incorporated by reference in the Type Certificate for the product do not provide adequate standards with respect to the proposed change. and amendments to those special conditions. (See ACJ 21N93(b). (a) An applicant for approval of a major change to a Type Design must: (1) furnish to the JAA the necessary descriptive data as required by the JAA for inclusion in the Type Design. and (4) Comply with JAR 21N33 and. where applicable.SECTION 1 JAR 21N93 (continued) JAR–21 (a) A description of the change identifying: (1) all parts of the Type Design and the approved Manuals affected by the change. prescribed by the JAA to provide a level of safety equal to that established by the requirements incorporated by reference in the Type Certificate for the product.

for the same change to the product. including inspection records for the changed product tested. when such changes are designed by a Person that is not the holder of the Type Certificate and is located in a non-JAA country. provided that the Arrangement set up with that Authority in accordance with JAR 21N5 includes specific provisions for this purpose. or equivalent document. drawings and test reports. JAR 21N105 Recordkeeping For each change.1. accepted by the Exporting Authority. proposed by an applicant that is located in a JAA country. shall be made available on request to the JAA. issued by the Exporting Authority. Note: Approval of major changes to an imported product. is dealt with under JAR–21 Subpart E. and (b) (1) that holds the original Supplemental Type Certificate. and held in accordance with national procedures of the Exporting Authority defined under the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. (b) An application for a Supplemental Type Certificate must include the descriptions and identifications required by JAR 21N93. submitted to the JAA. covering the change to the product. or (2) another Authority. for the same change to the product. and (b) Rules governing the holders of those certificates. (b) Reserved SUB-SUBPART N–E SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATES JAR 21N111 Applicability This Sub-Subpart prescribes: (a) Procedural requirements for the approval of major changes to a Type Design under Supplemental Type Certificate procedures. or equivalent document.97 . INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK JAR 21N113 Application for a STC (a) An application for a Supplemental Type Certificate must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the JAA. or (2) that has had his application for an original Supplemental Type Certificate. all relevant design information. and notified to the Exporting Authority. and set up in accordance with JAR 21N5. based on Change 1 1–N–8 28. JAR 21N112 Eligibility The JAA will only accept an application for a Supplemental Type Certificate that is submitted by a person: (a) that is subject to the jurisdiction of (1) the Authority that issued the Original Type Certificate for the product. together with a justification that the information on which those identifications are based is adequate.JAR–21 JAR 21N103(a) (continued) SECTION 1 and (3) The JAA is satisfied that the findings of compliance with sub-paragraph (2) have been made in accordance with the Arrangement between the JAA and the Exporting Authority.

to each known owner in a JAA country of one or more aircraft. A Supplemental Type Certificate for a product is effective until surrendered. upon its delivery. (b) Major Changes. JAR 21N118A Responsibilities Each holder of a Supplemental Type Certificate shall make the certificate available. 28. and undertake the responsibilities: (a) Reserved JAR 21N114 Showing of Compliance Each applicant for a Supplemental Type Certificate must comply with JAR 21N97. and thereafter make those variations in Instructions available on request to any other person required by another JAR to comply with any of the terms of those Instructions. Except for major changes submitted by an STC holder who is also the Type Certificate holder. on request. JAR 21N118B Duration JAR 21N115 Issue of a STC The JAA issues a Supplemental Type Certificate if: (a) and the applicant complies with JAR 21N103. aircraft engine. unless transferred in accordance with JAR 21N116. maintain.97 1–N–9 Change 1 . or propeller. revoked. shall furnish at least one set of the associated variations to the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness. prepared in accordance with the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements. whichever occurs later. and (2) the Type Certificate holder has agreed to collaborate with the Supplemental Type Certificate holder to ensure discharge of all responsibilities for continued airworthiness of the changed product through compliance with JAR 21N44 and 21N118A. the applicant has entered into an arrangement with the Type Certificate holder. suspended. each major change to that part of a product covered by an STC must be approved as a separate STC in accordance with this Sub-Subpart N–E. or propeller incorporating the Supplemental Type Certificate.SECTION 1 JAR 21N113(b) (continued) JAR–21 an arrangement with the Type Certificate Holder except where the JAA have been satisfied that such an arrangement is not necessary and the Exporting Authority has signified its agreement to this position. Minor changes to that part of a product covered by an STC must be classified and approved in accordance with Sub-Subpart N–D. aircraft engine.1. or upon issuance of the first Certificate of Airworthiness for the affected aircraft. and furnish copies of these manuals to the JAA on request. JAR 21N119 Manuals The holder of a Supplemental Type Certificate shall produce. 21N119 and 21N120. under JAR 21N113(b). (1) the Type Certificate holder has advised he has no technical objection to the information submitted under JAR 21N93. and update master copies of variations in the Manuals required by the applicable JAR type certification requirements for the product. and (c) Implicit in the collaboration with the Type Certificate holder under JAR 21N115(b)(2). and for this purpose he shall continue to hold the original STC or equivalent document. (a) The holder of the Supplemental Type Certificate for an aircraft. changes to those variations of the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness shall be made available to all known operators in the JAA countries of a product incorporating the Supplemental Type Certificate and shall be made available on request to any person required by another JAR to comply with any of those Instructions. (b) Specified in JAR 21N105. necessary to cover the changes introduced under the Supplemental Type Certificate. or a termination date is otherwise established by the JAA. (b) In addition. JAR 21N117 Changes to that part of a Product covered by a Supplemental Type Certificate (a) Minor Changes. (b) The transfer of the Supplemental Type Certificate must be made in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. (b) where. to the JAA. JAR 21N120 Instructions for Continued Airworthiness JAR 21N116 Transferability (a) Transfer of a Supplemental Type Certificate may only be made to a Person that is prepared to undertake the responsibilities of JAR 21N118A.

JAR 21N175 Language The manuals.97 . together with his application: (a) For new aircraft: (1) A statement signed by the Exporting Authority. when applicable. This Sub-Subpart N–H prescribes requirements relevant to the issue of Certificates of Airworthiness to imported aircraft. listings and instrument markings and other necessary information required by the applicable JARs must be presented in a language acceptable to the importing JAA Authority. NOTE: The administrative requirements for the issue of a Certificate of Airworthiness to an aircraft. new or used. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (b) For used aircraft: In addition to the documents required in subparagraphs (a)(2) and (a)(3) above. confirming the conformity of this aircraft with a JAA approved Type Design. historical records to establish the production. when required by the applicable Airworthiness Requirements for the particular aircraft.1. (2) A Weight and Balance Report. modification and maintenance standard of the aircraft. placards. with a loading schedule. JAR 21N171 Applicability (a) Each individual product. for each aircraft in accordance with the applicable JAR. are prescribed in JAR–21 Subpart H. whether it is imported or not. JAR 21N174 Documents for Application Each applicant for a Certificate of Airworthiness must submit to his JAA Authority.JAR–21 SECTION 1 SUB-SUBPART N–F/G CONFORMITY WITH DESIGN JAR 21N131 Conformity and Condition for Safe Operation SUB-SUBPART N–H CERTIFICATES OF AIRWORTHINESS FOR IMPORTED AIRCRAFT. JAR 21N182 Aircraft Identification Each applicant for a Certificate of Airworthiness must show that his aircraft is identified as prescribed in Sub-Subpart N–Q. Change 1 1–N–10 28. (b) The showing of compliance with subparagraph (a) of this paragraph must be made in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. and (3) The Flight Manual. must conform to its JAA approved Type Design and be in condition for safe operation. part and appliance.

(d) in the case of Standard Parts. Ν∆ ορ ΝΕ. and (1) the aircraft conforms to a Type Design approved under a Type Certificate issued in accordance with the certification procedures of this JAR–21. (See ACJ 21N303). and (2) it is shown that the aircraft has been produced so as to comply with JAR 21N131. and to applicable Airworthiness Directives. or (c) Reserved documentation required by JAR 21N174(b) has been submitted. and (3) the JAA Authority finds that the aircraft conforms to the Type Design and is in condition for safe operation. compliance must be shown with the applicable JTSO Specification or with specifications accepted by the JAA as equivalent in the particular case. and (2) the aircraft has been inspected in accordance with the appropriate JAR. (b) that: to an imported used aircraft. JAR 21N307 Release of Parts and Appliances for Installation No imported replacement or modification part or appliance.1. JAR 21N303 Compliance with requirements The showing of compliance with applicable requirements for imported parts and appliances to be installed in a type certificated product may only be made: (a) in conjunction with the type certification προχεδυρεσ οφ Συβ−Συβπαρτσ ΝΒ.SECTION 1 JAR–21 JAR 21N183 Issue of Standard Certificates of Airworthiness SUB-SUBPART N–K IMPORTED PARTS AND APPLIANCES JAR 21N301 Applicability Without prejudice to other provisions of national laws. under the JTSO Authorisation procedures of Sub-Subpart N–O. upon evidence This Sub-Subpart prescribes (directly or by cross reference) procedural requirements related to the approval of imported parts and appliances.97 1–N–11 Change 1 . a JAA Authority issues a Certificate of Airworthiness: (a) to an imported new aircraft if: (1) documentation required by JAR 21N174(a) has been submitted. (b) It is accompanied by an airworthiness release document certifying conformity of the part or appliance with the approved design. applicable in the absence of a comprehensive set of JAA rules. JAR 21N305 Approval of Parts and Appliances Wherever a part or appliance is explicitly required to be approved under a JAR. is eligible for installation in a type certificated product unless: (a) It has been produced in accordance with JAR 21N131. φορ the product in which it is to be installed. and (c) It is marked in accordance with SubSubpart N–Q. in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. 28. and any applicable Supplemental Type Certificate. issued in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. or (b) where applicable.

and (d) N–Q.JAR–21 SECTION 1 SUB-SUBPART N–N IMPORTED ENGINES AND PROPELLERS JAR 21N501 Release of Engines and Propellers for Installation SUB-SUBPART N–O JOINT TECHNICAL STANDARD ORDER AUTHORISATIONS FOR IMPORT JAR 21N600 Definition No imported engine or propeller is eligible for installation in a type certificated aircraft unless: (a) it has been produced in accordance with JAR 21N131. JAR 21N601 Applicability (a) This Sub-Subpart prescribes: (1) Procedural requirements for the issue of Joint Technical Standard Order Authorisations to a non-JAA manufacturer.1. (2) Rules governing the holders of these Joint Technical Standard Order Authorisations. (c) it is accompanied by an airworthiness release document certifying conformity of the engine or propeller with a JAA approved Type Design. “articles” means parts and appliances used on civil aircraft. (2) A JTSO Authorisation is an authorisation to mark an article with the appropriate JTSO marking.97 . (b) it has been subjected by the manufacturer to a final operational check. in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. (3) A JTSO Authorisation is an approval of the design and for the production of an article which has been found to meet a specific JTSO. issued in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. issued to the manufacturer of this article. (4) An article manufactured under a JTSO Authorisation is an approved article for the purpose of meeting the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements that require the article to be approved. Change 1 1–N–12 28. for the purpose of this Sub-Subpart: (1) A Joint Technical Standard Order (referred to in this Sub-Subpart as JTSO) is issued by the JAA and is a minimum performance standard for specified articles. it is marked in accordance with Sub-Subpart For the purpose of this Sub-Subpart. from a person who produces or is preparing to produce a JTSO article under the relevant procedural regulations of the Exporting Authority. (b) (c) Reserved. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK JAR 21N602 Eligibility The JAA will only accept an application for JTSO Authorisation.

(b) Prepare and maintain. a current file of complete technical data and records in accordance with JAR 21N613. JAR 21N606 Issue of a JTSO Authorisation The JAA will issue a JTSO Authorisation if: (a) the relevant Statement of Compliance has been submitted through the Exporting Authority. JAR 21N608 Declaration of Design and Performance (DDP) (See ACJ 21N608) (a) The DDP must contain at least the following information: (1) Information corresponding to JAR 21N31(a) and (b).1. (6) Where various levels of compliance are allowed by the JTSO. 28. and must include an outline of the information required by JAR 21N605. the levels of compliance must be defined in the DDP. JAR 21N609 General Rules Governing Holders of JTSO Authorisations Each manufacturer of an article for which he holds a JTSO Authorisation issued under this Subpart N shall: (a) Manufacture each article in accordance with the procedures of JAR 21N606(d) and ensure that it is safe for installation. b) A Declaration of Design and Performance (DDP). has been made in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. identifying the article and its design and testing standard. (b) When a series of minor changes in accordance with JAR 21N611 is anticipated. (b) it is shown that the article complies with the technical conditions of the applicable JTSO. the applicant may set forth in its application the basic model number of the article and the part number of the components with open brackets after it to denote that suffix change letters or numbers (or combinations of them) will be added from time to time. where appropriate. (c) One copy of the technical data required in the applicable JTSO. either directly or by reference to other supplementary documents. (a) The issue of a JTSO Authorisation by the JAA authorises the manufacturer to identify the article with the JTSO marking. (b) No person may identify an article with a JTSO marking unless that person holds a JTSO Authorisation and the article meets applicable JTSO performance standards. through the Exporting Authority: (a) A Statement of Compliance certifying that the applicant has met the requirements of this SubSubpart. maintain and update master copies of all manuals required by the applicable JAR for the article. (c) the showing of compliance with subparagraph (b) of this paragraph has been made in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5.97 1–N–13 Change 1 . (4) Reference to relevant test reports. to the JAA. Overhaul and Repair Manuals. and (d) the showing of conformity required by JAR 21N131. for each model of each article for which a JTSO Authorisation has been issued.SECTION 1 JAR–21 JAR 21N603 Application JAR 21N607 JTSO Marking and Privileges (a) Each application for a JTSO Authorisation must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the JAA. (b) The DDP must be concluded with the date and signature of the manufacturer or his authorised representative. (c) Prepare. JAR 21N604 Reserved JAR 21N605 Data Requirements The applicant must submit the following documents. (3) A Statement of Compliance certifying that the article has met the appropriate JTSO. notified to the Exporting Authority. (2) The rated performance of the article. (d) (e) Reserved Reserved (5) Reference to the appropriate Maintenance.

It is effective until surrendered. shall be made available. In this case. Change 1 1–N–14 28. overhaul and repair manuals necessary for the usage and maintenance of the article. JAR 21N615 Authority Inspection Upon the request of the JAA. and (b) inspect the technical data files on that article. issue an airworthiness release document certifying conformity of the article with the approved design in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. together with all pertinent data. JAR 21N610 Approval for Deviation (a) Each manufacturer who requests approval to deviate from any performance standard of a JTSO must show that the standards from which a deviation is requested are compensated for by factors or design features providing an equivalent level of safety. the manufacturer must assign a new type or model designation to the article and must apply for a JTSO Authorisation under JAR 21N603. The manufacturer of an article under a JTSO Authorisation issued under this JAR–21 may make minor design changes (any change other than a major change) without further Authorisation by the JAA. Before making such a change.JAR–21 JAR 21N609 (continued) JAR 21N611 (continued) SECTION 1 (d) Make available to users in JAA countries and. or (c) the article has proved to give rise to unacceptable hazards in service. (b) The request for approval to deviate. each manufacturer of an article under a JTSO Authorisation shall allow the JAA to: (a) witness any tests. to the JAA. applies under JAR 21N603 for a separate JTSO Authorisation. if eligible under JAR 21N602. JAR 21N621 Transferability and Duration Except for a change in ownership of the holder. and (f) For each article.97 . drawings and test reports.1. including inspection records for the article tested. (c) Changes by person other than the manufacturer holding the JTSO Authorisation. (e) Mark each article in accordance with JAR 21N807(c). on request. No design change by any person (other than the manufacturer who submitted the Statement of Compliance for the article) is eligible for approval JAR 21N619 Non-Compliance The manufacturer’s rights to identify his article with the JTSO marking may be withdrawn or suspended if the JAA finds that: (a) the conditions required when the JTSO Authorisation was granted are no longer being observed. or (b) the duties of the holder specified in JAR 21N609 are no longer being discharged. JAR 21N611 Design Changes (a) Minor Changes by the manufacturer holding the JTSO Authorisation. withdrawn or otherwise terminated by the Authority. on request. must be submitted to the JAA through the Exporting Authority. to the JAA those maintenance. JAR 21N613 Recordkeeping All relevant design information. held in accordance with national procedures of the Exporting Authority defined under the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. which will be considered by the JAA in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5. a JTSO Authorisation issued under this Subpart N is not transferable. the changed article keeps the original model number (part number changes or amendments shall be used to identify minor changes) and the manufacturer shall forward to the JAA any revised data that are necessary for compliance with JAR 21N603(b) (b) Major changes by the manufacturer holding the JTSO Authorisation. and changes to those manuals. under this Sub-Subpart N–O unless the person seeking the approval. Any design change by the manufacturer that is extensive enough to require a substantially complete investigation to determine compliance with a JTSO is a major change. through the Exporting Authority and in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5.

be permanently and legibly marked with: (1) A name. techniques and practices acceptable to the JAA: (1) Remove. and (2) The part number. (c) Except as provided in sub-paragraph (d)(2) no person may remove or install any identification plate required by 21N801 without the approval of the JAA. change. propeller blade. part number (or equivalent) and serial number (or equivalent). or (2) Remove an identification plate required by 21N801 when necessary during maintenance operations. or propeller hub other than the one from which it was removed. propeller. in addition to any marking in accordance with 21N805. (b) Propellers and propeller blades and hubs Each person who manufactures a propeller. or propeller hub. in accordance with methods. aircraft engine. or place the identification information required by paragraph (a) on any aircraft. propeller. without the approval of the JAA. contains the information specified in JAR 21N803 and will not be likely to be defaced or removed during normal service or lost or destroyed in an accident. JAR 21N807 JTSO Articles. (c) Manned free balloons JAR 21N805 Identification of Critical Parts For manned free balloons. stamping. PARTS AND APPLIANCES JAR 21N801 General identification information required by subparagraph (a) on any aircraft. or lost or destroyed in an accident. each replacement of modification part shall. propeller blade or propeller hub. etching or other approved method of fireproof identification that is placed on it on a non-critical surface. Each Person who produces an imported part to be fitted on a type certificated product which has been identified as a critical part. (a) The identification required by JAR 21N801(a) and (b) shall include the following information: (1) (2) (3) Manufacturer’s name Model designation Manufacturer’s Serial Number (4) Any other information the JAA find appropriate. aircraft engine. the basket and any heater assembly must be permanently and legibly marked with the manufacturer’s name. aircraft engine.SECTION 1 JAR 21N803(b) (continued) JAR–21 SUB-SUBPART N–Q IDENTIFICATION OF IMPORTED PRODUCTS. trademark. stamping. In addition. the identification plate prescribed in sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph must be secured to the balloon envelope and must be located. name and address of the 28. (a) Aircraft and aircraft engines Each person who manufactures an aircraft or aircraft engine that will be imported to a JAA country shall identify that aircraft or engine by means of a fireproof plate that has the information specified in JAR 21N803 marked on by etching.1. (e) No person may install an identification plate removed in accordance with sub-paragraph (d)(2) on any aircraft. engraving. Replacement and Modification Parts JAR 21N803 Identification data (a) Except as provided in sub-paragraph (d). or place (b) Each manufacturer of an article for which he holds a JTSO Authorisation issued under this Subpart N shall permanently and legibly mark each article with the following information: (1) the manufacturer. propeller. (b) Except as provided in sub-paragraph (d)(1) no person may remove. change. The identification plate must be secured in such a manner that it will not likely be defaced or removed during normal service. engraving or other approved method of fireproof marking.97 1–N–15 Change 1 . propeller blade or propeller hub that will be imported to a JAA country shall identify his product by means of a plate. shall permanently and legibly mark that part with a part number (or equivalent) and a serial number (or equivalent). if practicable where it is legible to the operator when the balloon is inflated. or symbol prescribed by the Type Certificate or Supplemental Type Certificate Holder. (d) Persons performing maintenance work under the provisions of applicable JAR’s may. propeller blade.

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Change 1 1–N–16 28.97 . (3) the serial number or the date of manufacture of the article or both. and (4) (c) the applicable JTSO number. the Authorised Release Document (or equivalent) accompanying the part or its container must include the information that could not be marked on the part.JAR–21 JAR 21N807(b) (continued) SECTION 1 (2) the name.1. Reserved (d) If the JAA agrees that a part is too small or that it is otherwise impractical to mark a part with any of the information required by paragraph (a). type. part number or model designation of the article.

to the Authority: (a) A Statement of Compliance certifying that the applicant has met the requirements of this Subpart. (b) Applicants seeking a JTSO Authorisation for an article.601 Applicability (a) This Subpart prescribes – (1) Procedural requirements for the issue of Joint Technical Standard Order Authorisations.600 Definition JAR 21.602 Eligibility JAR 21.602(b). (c) This Subpart is applicable after 1 June For the purpose of this JAR–21 – JAR 21. (c) One copy of the technical data required in the applicable JTSO. (b) A Declaration of Design and Performance (DDP).603 Application For the purpose of this Subpart.SECTION 1 SUBPART O – JOINT TECHNICAL STANDARD ORDER AUTHORISATIONS JAR–21 JAR 21. issued to the manufacturer of this article. must hold or have applied for an appropriate Design Organisation Approval under Subpart JA. (c) For articles for which an Authorisation is sought under a JTSO listed in Appendix C to JAR–21 – 28. (a) Each application for a JTSO Authorisation must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority and must include an outline of the information required by JAR 21. (1) A Joint Technical Standard Order (referred to in this Subpart as JTSO) is issued by the Authority and is a minimum performance standard for specified articles.A243 for the purpose of obtaining an appropriate Design Organisation Approval under Subpart JA.605 Data Requirements The applicant must submit the following documents. the applicant may set forth in its application the basic model number of the article and the part number of the components with open brackets after it to denote that suffix change letters or numbers (or combinations of them) will be added from time to time. The Authority issues a JTSO Authorisation if the applicant – (a) has obtained an appropriate Production Organisation Approval under Subpart G.606 Issue of Authorisation (a) The Authority will only accept an application for JTSO Authorisation from a person who produces or is preparing to produce a JTSO article and who holds or has applied for an appropriate Production Organisation Approval under Subpart G. (b) When a series of minor changes in accordance with JAR 21. and (b) has shown that the article complies with the technical conditions of the applicable JTSO in a manner acceptable to the Authority.605. “articles” means parts and appliances used on civil aircraft. (2) A JTSO Authorisation is an authorisation to mark an article with the appropriate JTSO marking (3) A JTSO Authorisation is an approval of the design and for the production of an article which has been found to meet a specific JTSO. (b) 1999.97 1–O–1 Change 1 . (4) An article manufactured under a JTSO Authorisation is an approved article for the purpose of meeting the applicable JARs that require the article to be approved. under a JTSO that the Authority has determined includes qualitative design requirements of significance to airworthiness (see Appendix C to JAR–21).611 is anticipated.143 for the purpose of obtaining an appropriate Production Organisation Approval under Subpart G. JAR 21. (d) The Exposition (or a reference to the Exposition) required by JAR 21. (e) Where applicable under JAR 21. the Handbook (or a reference to the Handbook) required by JAR 21. (2) Rules governing the holders of Joint Technical Standard Order Authorisations.1. JAR 21. and has submitted the corresponding Statement of Compliance.

the changed article keeps the original model number (part number changes or amendments shall be used to identify minor changes) and the manufacturer shall forward to the Authority any revised data that are necessary for compliance with JAR 21.807(b).603(b). JAR 21. a current file of complete technical data and records in accordance with JAR 21. (5) Reference to the appropriate Maintenance. (b) The DDP must be concluded with the date and signature of the manufacturer or his authorised representative.608 Declaration of Design and Performance (DDP) (See ACJ 21. (6) Where various levels of compliance are allowed by the JTSO. and (2) Has made the showing of compliance and has issued the Statement of Compliance under the procedures of the approval.608) (f) Comply with JAR 21.607 JTSO Marking and Privileges (a) The issue of a JTSO Authorisation by the Authority authorises the manufacturer to identify the article with the JTSO marking.1. (4) Reference to relevant test reports.JAR–21 JAR 21. (c) Prepare. The manufacturer of an article under an Authorisation issued under this JAR–21 may make minor design changes (any change other than a major change) without further Authorisation by the Authority. (2) The rated performance of the article. (e) Mark each article in accordance with JAR 21.3(b) and (c). Change 1 1–O–2 28. JAR 21. that ensures that each completed article conforms to its design data and is safe for installation.97 . (3) A Statement of Compliance certifying that the article has met the appropriate JTSO. overhaul and repair manuals necessary for the usage and maintenance of the article. Overhaul and Repair Manuals. JAR 21.606 (c) (continued) SECTION 1 (1) Has obtained an appropriate Design Organisation Approval under Subpart JA. (b) No person may identify an article with a JTSO marking unless that person holds a JTSO Authorisation and the article meets applicable JTSO performance standards. maintain and update master copies of all manuals required by the applicable JAR for the article. (d) Has shown in a manner acceptable to the Authority. either directly or by reference to other supplementary documents. where appropriate. (b) Prepare and maintain. (d) Make available to users and to the Authority on request those maintenance. and changes to those manuals.31(a) and (b). that he is able to comply with JAR 21. JAR 21.611 Design Changes (a) Minor changes by the manufacturer holding the JTSO Authorisation.610 Approval for Deviation (a) Each manufacturer who requests approval to deviate from any performance standard of a JTSO must show that the standards from which a deviation is requested are compensated for by factors or design features providing an equivalent level of safety.609 General Rules Governing Holders of JTSO Authorisations Each manufacturer of an article for which he holds a JTSO Authorisation issued under this JAR–21 shall – (a) Manufacture each article in accordance with the Production Organisation Approval issued under Subpart G. together with all pertinent data. (b) The request for approval to deviate. (a) The DDP must contain at least the following information: (1) Information corresponding to JAR 21. and JAR 21.3 (b) and (c). the levels of compliance must be defined in the DDP. for each model of each article for which a JTSO Authorisation has been issued. identifying the article and its design and testing standard.613. must be submitted to the Authority. In this case.

and 21. 3. a JTSO Authorisation issued under this JAR–21 is not transferable.6.603. Any design change by the manufacturer that is extensive enough to require a substantially complete investigation to determine compliance with a JTSO is a major change. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK JAR 21. shall be held at the disposal of the Authority and shall be retained in order to provide the information necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the article and of the type certificated product in which it is fitted. all relevant design information.619 Non-compliance The manufacturer’s rights to identify his article with the JTSO marking may be withdrawn or suspended if the Authority finds that – (a) The conditions required when JTSO authorisation was granted are no longer being observed.SECTION 1 JAR 21. which must be regarded as a change of significance. including inspection records for the article tested. JAR 21.94 1–O–3 Reissued by Change 1 . and must therefore comply with JAR 21. Before making such a change. each manufacturer of an article under a JTSO authorisation shall allow the Authority to – (a) Witness any tests. withdrawn or otherwise terminated by the Authority. It is effective until surrendered. JAR 21.613 Recordkeeping Further to the recordkeeping requirements appropriate to or associated with the quality system.621 Transferability and Duration Except for a change in ownership of the holder. or (c) The article has proved to give rise to unacceptable hazards in service.A247 if applicable. (c) Changes by person other than the manufacturer holding the JTSO Authorisation.615 Authority Inspection Upon the request of the Authority. JAR 21. or (b) The duties of the holder specified in JAR 21. the manufacturer must assign a new type or model designation to the article and apply for an Authorisation under JAR 21. No design change by any person (other than the manufacturer who submitted the Statement of Compliance for the article) is eligible for approval under this Subpart O unless the person seeking the approval applies under JAR 21.609 are no longer being discharged.611 (continued) JAR–21 (b) Major changes by the manufacturer holding the JTSO Authorisation.603 for a separate JTSO Authorisation.147. drawings and test reports. (b) Inspect the technical data files on that article.

94 .6.JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–O–4 3.

(b) Comply with JAR 21. according to JAR 21.95.SECTION 1 SUBPART P – JOINT PART APPROVAL AUTHORISATIONS JAR–21 JAR 21. and who holds or has applied for a suitable Production Organisation Approval under Subpart G.807. This Subpart is applicable after 1 June The Authority issues a JPA Authorisation if it has – (a) In the case of a modification part. the holder of a JPA Authorisation is authorised to identify the parts produced with the JPA marking. evidence of approval or of an application for approval of the part as a minor change to the Type Design of a product according to JAR 21. (c) An application for a Production Organisation Approval or for amendment thereof. or in the case of a replacement part.709 Duration (a) The JPA Authorisation remains valid as long as the Production Organisation Approval issued under Subpart G is valid. (b) The JPA Authorisation may be withdrawn by the Authority if the requirements of JAR–21 are not satisfied.711 Responsibilities The holder of a JPA Authorisation shall – (a) Manufacture each part in accordance with the Production Organisation Approval issued under Subpart G. evidence that the replacement part is approved according to JAR 21.303(a). 28. a JPA Authorisation is an Authorisation to mark parts with the letters JPA. (2) Rules governing the holders of JPA Authorisations.153. (b) 1999. (c) For the purpose of this Subpart.705 Application An application for a JPA Authorisation must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority and must include – (a) In the case of a modification part.707 Issue of a JPA Authorisation (a) This Subpart prescribes – (1) Procedural requirements for the issue of a Joint Part Approval Authorisation (JPA Authorisation) for replacement and modification parts. accepted the evidence that the part is approved.807(b).713 Privileges (a) In addition to its privileges as the holder of a Production Organisation Approval. and (b) Issued to the applicant a Production Organisation Approval under Subpart G. JAR 21. according to JAR 21.97 1–P–1 Change 1 .701 Applicability JAR 21. and the design approval of the part is not altered by Airworthiness Directive action. approved the installation of the part as a minor change to the type certificated product according to JAR 21. (d) The rules of this Subpart are only applicable to a modification part where such a part corresponds to a minor change of the product approved according to JAR 21. JAR 21. JAR 21. JAR 21. and constitutes an approval of the design and manufacture of a part for installation on a type certificated product.3 (b) and (c). JAR 21. They may not be used in respect of a part which has been identified as a critical part. (b) In the case of a replacement part.1.95.95(a). (b) No person who does not hold such an Authorisation may mark any replacement or modification part with the letters JPA.703 Eligibility The Authority will only accept an application for a JPA Authorisation from a person who produces or prepares itself to produce a replacement or modification part for a type certificated product. (c) Mark each part produced in accordance with JAR 21. covering the production of the modification or replacement part.134 or 21. covering the production of the modification or replacement part.

94 .6.JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–P–2 3.

(b) Except as provided in sub-paragraph (d)(1) of this paragraph no person may remove. The identification plate must be secured in such a manner that it will not likely be defaced or removed during normal service. propeller blade. propeller. or lost or destroyed in an accident. the basket and any heater assembly must be permanently and legibly marked with the manufacturer’s name. engraving. propeller blade. type.SECTION 1 SUBPART Q – IDENTIFICATION OF PRODUCTS.1.801(a) and (b) shall include the following information: (1) (2) (3) Manufacturer’s name. (c) Manned free balloons. Replacement and Modification Parts JAR 21. or symbol prescribed by the Type Certificate or Supplemental Type Certificate Holder. without the approval of the Authority. (d) Persons performing maintenance work under the provisions of applicable JARs may. in accordance with methods. if practicable.97 1–Q–1 Change 1 . JAR 21.807 JTSO Articles. (e) No person may install an identification plate removed in accordance with sub-paragraph (d)(2) of this paragraph on any aircraft. or propeller hub. engraving.801 when necessary during maintenance operations. part number (or equivalent) and serial number (or equivalent). JAR 21. stamping. permanently and legibly mark the part with – (1) A name. trademark. Each person who manufactures an aircraft or aircraft engine under a Type Certificate or Production Organisation Approval shall identify that aircraft or engine by means of a fireproof plate that has the information specified in JAR 21. or propeller hub under the terms of a Type Certificate or Production Organisation Approval shall identify his product by means of a plate. Model designation. (a) Except as provided in sub-paragraphs (c) and (d) of this paragraph.801 General (a) Aircraft and aircraft engines. or (2) Remove an identification plate required by JAR 21. or other approved method of fireproof marking. where it is legible to the operator when the balloon is inflated.803 (a) The identification required by JAR 21. or place the identification information required by subparagraph (a) of this paragraph on any aircraft. the identification plate prescribed in subparagraph (a) of this paragraph must be secured to the balloon envelope and must be located. or propeller hub. and will not be likely to be defaced or removed during normal service or lost or destroyed in an accident. stamping. For manned free balloons. propeller blade.805 Identification of Critical Parts Each person who produces a part to be fitted on a type certificated product which has been identified as a critical part shall permanently and legibly mark that part with a part number (or equivalent) and a serial number (or equivalent). part number or model designation of the article.805. etching or other approved method of fireproof identification that is placed on it on a non-critical surface.803 marked on it by etching. or propeller hub other than the one from which it was removed. or place identification information required by subparagraph (a) of this paragraph on any aircraft. (d) (Reserved) Identification Data (c) Except as provided in sub-paragraph (d)(2) of this paragraph no person may remove or install any identification plate required by JAR 21. change. in addition to any marking in accordance with JAR 21. (4) Any other information the Authority finds appropriate. (2) The name. aircraft engine. contains the information specified in JAR 21. (b) Propellers and propeller blades and hubs. PARTS AND APPLIANCES JAR 21. aircraft engine.803 (continued) JAR–21 JAR 21. Each person who manufactures a propeller. 28.803. propeller.801 without the approval of the Authority. Manufacturer’s Serial number. each person who produces a replacement or modification part shall. aircraft engine. techniques and practices acceptable to the Authority – (1) Remove. (b) Each manufacturer of an article for which he holds a JTSO Authorisation issued under this JAR–21 shall permanently and legibly mark each article with the following information: (1) The name and address of the manufacturer. propeller. and (2) The part number. change. propeller blade. In addition.

(c) Each holder of a JPA Authorisation shall.97 . trademark or symbol. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Change 1 1–Q–2 28. mark the part with – (1) (2) (3) The letters JPA.JAR–21 JAR 21. His name. permanently and legibly. and The part number (d) If the Authority agrees that a part is too small or that it is otherwise impractical to mark a part with any of the information required by subparagraph (a) or (b) or (c) of this paragraph. the Authorised Release Document accompanying the part or its container must include the information that could not be marked on the part.1.807 (b) (continued) SECTION 1 (3) The serial number or the date of manufacture of the article or both. and (4) The applicable JTSO number.

(i) The procedure for the notification of Organisational changes to the Authority. (l) A list of those outside parties referred to in JAR 21. (b) The title(s) and names of managers accepted by the Authority in accordance with JAR 21.139(b)(1).145 (c)(3) including matters on which they may deal directly with the Authority on behalf of the Organisation.143(a)) JAR–21 (a) A statement signed by the accountable manager confirming that the production organisation exposition and any associated manuals which define the approved organisation’s compliance with this Subpart will be complied with at all times. (d) An organisational chart showing associated chains of responsibility of the managers as required by JAR 21.SECTION 1 APPENDICES Appendix A Production Organisation Exposition (Content as required by JAR 21. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 3. (e) A list of certifying staff. (j) The amendment procedure production organisation exposition. for the INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (k) A description of the quality system and the procedures as required by JAR 21. (g) A general description of the facilities located at each address specified in the production organisation’s certificate of approval.139 (a). 145 (c)(2). (h) A general description oe the production organisation’s scope of work relevant to the Terms of Approval.145 (c)(1) and (c)(2).94 1–App A–1 Reissued by Change 1 .6. (f) A general description of man-power resoures. (c) The duties and responsibilities of the manager(s) as required by JAR 21.

JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–App A–2 3.6.94 .

Manufacturing processes. (b) Vendor and subcontractor assessment. The control procedures need to include specific provisions for any critical parts. approval. including items supplied new or used by buyers of products. (i) Airworthiness co-ordination with the applicant/holder of a design approval.139(b)(1). to maintain the aircraft in a condition for safe operation. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (m) Handling. (h) Non conforming item control. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 3. (g) Calibration of tools. (o) Work within the Terms of Approval performed at any location other than the approved facilities. (d) (e) Identification and traceability. (a) Document issue. and test equipment. (c) Verification that incoming products.94 1–App B–1 Reissued by Change 1 . (f) Inspection and testing. Personnel competence and qualification. are as specified in the applicable design data. materials. Issue of airworthiness certifications. jigs. or change.6.SECTION 1 Appendix B Quality System JAR–21 The Quality System must include. (n) Internal quality audits and resulting corrective actions. control procedures for the following elements as required by JAR 21. including production flight tests. storage and packing. as applicable within the scope of approval. (p) Work carried out after completion of production but prior to delivery. audit and control. (j) (k) (1) Records completion and retention. parts. and equipment.

JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–App B–2 3.6.94 .

JAR–APU is considered to be a JTSO.SECTION 1 Appendix C JAR–21 JTSO Specifications Including Qualitative Design Requirements (JAR 21. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 3.6.94 1–App C–1 Reissued by Change 1 .602) For the purposes of Subpart O. and the Authority has determined that it includes qualitative design requirements of significance to airworthiness.

94 .JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 1–App C–2 3.6.

1 The Acceptable Means of Compliance and Interpretative Material are presented in full page width on loose pages.4 Explanatory Notes not forming part of the ACJ text appear in a smaller type face. These Acceptable Means of Compliance and Interpretations have been developed on the basis of the study of FAR Part 21 and their publication does not imply that the TSOs and Advisory Circulars associated with the Subparts of FAR Part 21 have been found acceptable as part of this JAR. Acceptable Means of Compliance illustrate a means.1 This Section contains Acceptable Means of Compliance and Interpretative Material that has been agreed for inclusion into JAR. 2 PRESENTATION 2. 2. 2. but not the only means.JAR–21 SECTION 2 – ACCEPTABLE MEANS OF COMPLIANCE AND INTERPRETATIONS – ACJ 1 GENERAL 1.3 The nature of the advisory material is indicated immediately following the heading and for this purpose the two types of material are defined as follows: Interpretative Material helps to illustrate the meaning of a requirement. each page being identified by the date of issue or the Change number under which it is amended or reissued. The number is introduced by the letters ACJ (Advisory Circular – Joint) to distinguish the material from the JAR .2 A numbering system has been used in which the Acceptable Means of Compliance or Interpretative Material uses the same number as the paragraph in JAR to which it is related. 2.94 2–1 Reissued by Change 1 . by which a requirement can be met. consideration has still to be given to the acceptability of such documents. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 3.6.

JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 2–2 3.94 .6.

parts and appliances first type certificated or approved by a NonJAA Authority. Type Certification or Approval Major Change Non-JAA applicant Minor Change Non-JAA applicant JAA applicant JAR–21 except Subpart N TC Holder Other person JAA applicant Sub-Subpart N–E Subpart D Subpart E Subpart D Sub-subpart N–D 2 Design of Products. 1 Design of Products.97 2–A–1 Change 1 .1.1(c) The applicability of Subpart N of JAR–21 and of all other Subparts are illustrated by the following tables (Subpart N is self-contained. wherever the aircraft comes from. are identical and can be found in JAR–21 Subpart H. including its definitions and ACJs). Those requirements that are of interest for a person exporting an aircraft from a non-JAA country. 28. Type Certification or Approval Major Change Minor Change Non-JAA applicant TC Holder Subpart N Other person JAA applicant Non-JAA applicant TC Holder Other person JAA applicant Subpart E Sub-Subpart Sub-Subpart N–D N–E Sub-Subpart Sub-Subpart N–D N–D Subpart D 3 Issue of Certificates of Airwo rthiness Individual Aircraft Produced in JAA country Non-JAA country Subpart H Subpart H New Used Subpart H and Subpart N–H Subpart H and Subpart N–H The applicant for a Certificate of Airworthiness in a JAA State is always a “JAA applicant”.1(c) Applicability (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ – SUBPART A ACJ 21. The administrative requirements for the applicant. can be found in Sub-Subpart N–H. parts and appliances first type certificated or approved by a JA A Authority.

fax. of systems and procedures which will enable relevant malfunctions.3(b)(2) Within the overall limit of three days the degree of urgency for submission of a report should be determined by the level of hazard judged to have resulted from the occurrence. Where an occurrence is judged by a reporter to have resulted in an immediate and particularly significant hazard the authority expects to be advised immediately and by the fastest possible means (telephone.3(b)(2) Reporting to the Authority (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21. the setting up.1.97 .3(a) The System for Collection. A typical example would be an uncontained engine failure resulting in damage to aircraft primary structure. failures and defects to be properly reported when they occur. This initial report to be followed up by a full written report within three days. Where the occurrence is judged to have resulted in a less immediate and less significant hazard. telex) of whatever details are available at that time. ACJ 21.3(a) In the context of this requirement the word “collect” means. report submission may be delayed up to the maximum of three days in order to provide more details. Investigation and Analysis of Data (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.JAR–21 SECTION 2 ACJ 21. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Change 1 2–A–2 28.

3 Service experience has shown that unsafe conditions may exist. during flight or upon landing. in JAR-1) of “unsafe conditions”. NOTE: This philosophy is consistent with for example Appendices to JAR-23.33 shall not preclude the applicant requesting the Authority to make flight or other tests of particular aspects of the product during its development and before the Type Design is fully defined and a Declaration of Compliance can be issued for all the applicable requirements.13(a) Eligibility (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. therefore the dictionary definition applies. according to AMJ 25.1309. ACJ 21. Based on comments relative to the risk of wide interpretation.16 introduces 3 categories of Special Conditions: 1 Novel and unusual design features. the wording relative to the third category has been tightened between Draft 2 and Draft 3.94 2–B–1 Reissued by Change 1 . to where this task is relatively simple due to the nature of the design. possibly using emergency procedures. Some aircraft damage may be associated with a failure condition. but without requiring exceptional pilot skill or strength. Introduction of the third category has been widely debated during JAR-21 development. the need for a Special Condition based on in-service experience should be judged by using the following points as benchmarks: – The words “unsafe conditions” are used in FAR Part 39 (see Section 39.13(b) The airworthiness objective of such arrangements must however be shown to be the same as that which is expected to be achieved by an Approved Organisation.e. In 3. mean the capability for continued controlled flight and landing. in particular. This clearly indicates that the words “unsafe conditions” have to be strictly interpreted.33 The requirements of JAR 21. The third category has even been withdrawn from Draft 4. However.SECTION 2 ACJ – SUBPART B ACJ 21. ACJ 21.13(a) JAR–21 The term “simple design” in the context of JAR 21. ACJ 21.g.13(b) Eligibility (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.13 relates primarily to the task of showing compliance.16 Special Conditions (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.33 Inspection and Tests (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. which provide relatively simple means of showing compliance. or to the nature of the requirements or criteria to be applied. and.11) to justify the basis for an Airworthiness Directive. under discussion) can only be notified as part of the certification basis if they qualify as Special Conditions.1 and 39. NPA(s) in the pipeline (e.6.16 JAR 21. 2 Unconventional use of product. There is no regulatory definition (i. – The words “continued safe flight and landing”.

JAR–21 ACJ 21.33 for those aspects of the product to be evaluated and shall ensure that other features of the product do not preclude the safe conduct of the evaluation requested. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 2–B–2 3.6.94 .33 (continued) SECTION 2 such cases the applicant shall comply with the intent of JAR 21. The Authority may require to repeat any such tests once the Type Design is fully defined to ensure that subsequent changes have not adversely affected the conclusions from any earlier evaluation.

1.93(b) Major Changes: Application (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ – SUBPART D ACJ 21.97 2–D–1 Change 1 . INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 28. test or analysis) by which it is proposed to show compliance.93(b) Identification of re-investigations necessary to show compliance does not mean the showing of compliance itself. together with the means (calculation. but the list of affected type design requirement paragraphs for which a new demonstration is necessary.

1.JAR–21 SECTION 2 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Change 1 2–D–2 28.97 .

normally based on one or more of the following criteria: 1 Production of aircraft.g. Direct delivery to users such as owners or operators maintenance organisations with the need for exercising the privileges of issuing Authorised Release Certificates – JAA Form One. 95/1. E. Participation in an international co-operation program where working under an approval is considered necessary by the Authority. specifications and other technical information provided by the applicant for. This should be sufficient for the development of production data to enable repeatable manufacture to take place in conformity with the design data. Criticality and technology involved in the part/appliance being manufactured. ground equipment and tools). Where an approval is determined by the Authority to be advantageous. Approval in this case may be found by the Authority as the best tool to exercise its duty in relation to airworthiness control. or holder of a Design Organisation Approval. in the case of a parts manufacturer supplying many different product manufacturers.8.97 2–G–1 Change 1 (Amend. Eff.133(a) Eligibility – Approval appropriate for showing conformity (Interpretative Material) Σεε ϑΑΡ 21. • 2 3 4 5 6 28. design data is defined as ‘not approved’ but parts and appliances may be released with a JAA Form One as a certificate of conformity.SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ – SUBPART G ACJ 21.1.133 ‘Appropriate’ should be understood as follows: • The applicant produces or intends to produce civil aviation products. parts and/or appliances intended for airborne use as part of a type certificated product (this excludes simulators. 1.95) .131 Applicable design data is defined as all necessary drawings. Production of JTSO articles and JPA parts. STC. After type certification this design data is defined as ‘approved’ and items manufactured in conformity are eligible for release on a JAA Form One for airworthiness purposes. engines or propellers (except if the Authority consider a POA inappropriate). ACJ 21. The applicant will be required to show a need for an approval. TC. Prior to type certification of the product by the Authority.131 Applicability – Applicable design data (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. JTSO/JPA and released in a controlled manner to a Production Organisation Approval Holder.

.1. etc . (e) & (f).8. par t or appliance. the manufacturer or provider of the following will not at present be considered for production organisation approval: • • • • • • consumable materials standard parts parts identified in the product support documentation as ‘industry supply’ or ‘no hazard’ raw materials non-destructive testing or inspection processes (heat treatment. its own manufacturing data in compliance with the airworthiness data package.133(b) E l i g i b i l i t y – L i n k b e t w e e n D e s i g n a n d P ro d u c t i o n O rg a n i s a t i o n s ( A c c e p t a ble Means of Compliance) See JAR 21. The responsibilities of a POA holder/applicant. The responsibilities of a POA holder/applicant to assist the Design Organisation in dealing with continuing airworthiness matters and for required actions (e. traceability of processes’ outputs and approved deviations for individual parts as applicable.165(c). Where standard parts. Eff. Accordingly. • • • • • • • Change 1 (Amend. etc. dimensional data.133(a) (continued) Notes: 1 SECTION 2 As regards 4. processes. material specifications.). The responsibilities and procedures of a POA holder/applicant for developing. surface finishing.133 An arrangement is considered suitable if it is documented and satisfies the Authority that coordination is satisfactory. where applicable. shot peening.g. etc) 2 ACJ 21. in case of products prior to type certification to assist a Design Organisation in showing compliance with airworthiness requirements (access and suitability of production and test facilities for manufacturing and testing of prototype models and test specimen).145(b).95) 2–G–2 28.. The scope of the arrangements should cover the following Subpart G requirements and associated ACJs in particular: JAR 21.. retrofitting of modifications. materials. The identification of the responsible persons/offices who control the above. technical information and assistance. shipping conditions.JAR–21 ACJ 21. 1. traceability of parts in case of direct shipment to users. 95/1. JAR 21.. to enable the production organisation to make the final determination and identification for conformity or airworthiness release. To achieve satisfactory coordination the documented arrangements should at least define the following aspects irrespective of whether the two organisations are separate legal entities or not: • The responsibilities of a Design Organisation which assure correct and timely transfer of up-todate airworthiness data (eg drawings. surface treatments. quality requirements.).97 . processes or services are included in the Type Design their standards should be controlled by the POA holder in a manner which is satisfactory for the final use of the item on the product. The procedures and associated responsibilities to achieve adequate configuration control of manufactured parts. The procedures to deal adequately with production deviations and non conforming parts. 5 and 6 above it is not the intent of the Authority to issue approvals to manufacturing firms that perform only sub-contract work for main manufacturers of products and are consequently placed under their direct surveillance.

distribution of relevant procedures to offices/persons is made in a controlled manner. The Authority will verify on the basis of the exposition and by appropriate investigations that the Production organisation has established and can maintain their documented quality system.97 2–G–3 Change 1 (Amend. To discharge this responsibility the quality system needs an organisational structure and procedures to adequately control external suppliers. The manager responsible for ensuring that the quality system is implemented and maintained should be identified. This responsibility also includes BFE (Buyer Furnished Equipment) item. and details of the proposed terms of approval are to be forwarded to the Authority. in particular:– • • • • procedures. procedures. Eff. the updating process is clearly described.134: JAA Form 50 should be obtained from the Authority and completed by the Manager Accountable.1.134 Application – Application form and manner (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. 95/1.SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ 21. an outline of the Production Organisation Exposition. ACJ No 1 to 21. data to cover the issues of Appendix B are available in a written form.139(a) Quality System (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.139(a) Quality System – Conformity of supplied parts or appliances (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.139 The POA holder is responsible for determining and applying acceptance standards for physical condition. whether to be used in production or delivered to customers as spare parts. The quality system should be documented in such a way that the documentation/description can be made easily available to personnel who need to use the material for performing their normal duties.8. The completed form. 28. and resources which implement a management function to determine and enforce quality principles. instructions. procedures which identify persons responsible for the prescribed actions are established. 1. configuration status and conformity of supplied parts or appliances (other than complete products and JTSO appliances and JPA parts).95) .139 The quality system is an organisational structure with responsibilities. ACJ No 2 to 21. processes.134 This ACJ sets an acceptable means but not the only means to show compliance with JAR 21.

Eff. inspections and tests necessary to establish conformity of parts or appliances to type design.139(a) (continued) SECTION 2 Control can be based upon use of the following techniques (as appropriate to the system or product orientation necessary to ensure conformity).97 .1. and. 1. a POA holder can rely upon documentation for parts or appliances released under a suppliers JAR 21. Where a supplier does not hold a JAA POA and is located in a country outside JAA. the parts to be supplied are included in the scope of Approval and are subject to the surveillance of that national Authority. to verify that the article conforms to the applicable data for new production line or new supplier.95) 2–G–4 28. quality measurements are clearly identified. The POA holder retains direct responsibility for inspections/tests carried out either at his own facilities or at supplier’s facilities.8. the records or reports showing evidence of conformity are available for review and audit.163 privileges. evaluation of supplier capability in performing all manufacturing activities. • • • • • The POA holder can rely on inspection/tests performed by supplier if he can establish that: • personnel responsible in charge of these tasks satisfy the competency standards of the POA quality system. A supplier who does not hold a POA is considered as a sub-contractor under the direct control of the POA quality system. a bilateral arrangement on production matters exists between the Authority and the foreign authority concerned. identification of incoming documentation and data relevant to the showing of conformity to be included in the certification documents. • • The control of suppliers holding a POA for the parts or appliances to be supplied can be reduced. any additional work. 95/1. • • Change 1 (Amend. • • qualification and auditing of supplier’s quality system. including destruction if necessary. a vendor rating system which gives confidence in the performance and reliability of this supplier. the POA holder may be relieved of some burden in administering supplier surveillance if: • the supplier holds a production approval or its equivalent from its national authority and can provide airworthiness release certification. for the purpose of showing conformity. 2 to 21. Thus. first article inspection.JAR–21 ACJ No. incoming inspections and tests of supplied par ts or appliances that can be satisfactorily inspected on receipt. to a level at which a satisfactory interface between the two quality systems can be demonstrated. tests or inspection which may be needed for parts or appliances which are to be delivered as spare parts and which are not subjected to the checks normally provided by subsequent production or inspection stages. and.

8.97 2–G–5 Change 1 (Amend. • • • • • Note: The Authority will still need to be satisfied that compliance with Subpart G is established.139 The control procedures covering the elements in Appendix B should document the standards to which the production organisation intends to work. In this requirement adequacy of the procedures means that the quality assurance function is satisfied that the quality system is capable of meeting the conformity objectives as identified in JAR 21. An organisation having a Quality system designed to meet a recognised standard such as ISO 9002 (relevant to the scope of approval being requested) will need to expand it to include at least the following additional topics. or holder of.165(f) Issue of certifications within the scope of approval for the privileges of JAR 21. authority and access within the organisation and assumes an ability to work without technical reliance on the monitored functions. 28. This required independence relates to the lines of reporting. in order show compliance with the requirements of this Subpart G: • • • Mandatory Occurrence Reporting and continued airworthiness as required by JAR 21.139 The quality assurance function which is part of the organisation is required to be independent from the functions being monitored.139(b)(1) Quality System – Elements of the quality system (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. Traceability is defined as a means of establishing the origin of an article by reference to historical records for the purpose of providing evidence of conformity Personnel training and qualification procedures specially for certifying staff as required in JAR 21.165(e) Control of work occasionally performed (outside the POA facility by POA personnel) Co-ordination with the applicant for. ACJ No 1 to 21.139(a). as appropriate. Eff. an approved design as required by 21.139(b)(2) Quality System – Independent quality assurance function (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.133(b) and JAR 21. 1. ground test and/or production flight test of products in accordance with procedures defined by the applicant/holder of the design approval Procedures for traceability including a definition of clear criteria of which items need such traceability.1.133(b) and 21.145(b) When applicable.145(d).95) .SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ 21. 95/1.163 Incorporation of airworthiness data in production and inspection data as required in JAR 21.

Eff. the POE should provide a summary of the information and an appropriate cross reference. 95/1.139(b)(2) Quality System – Adequacy of procedures and monitoring function (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. a supplement covering the differences may suffice to meet the requirements of Subpart G except that the supplement should have an index identifying where those parts missing from the supplement are covered. The document does not require approval in itself.8.147(a)) should be approved by the Authority prior to update of the POE.95) 2–G–6 28. ventilation. ACJ 21.145 A facility is a working area where the working conditions and the environment are controlled as appropriate in respect of: cleanliness. space/access. terms of reference. parts and appliances to the applicable design. procedures and instruction. safe operation) of the products. The information to be provided is specified in Appendix A. Change 1 (Amend. This evaluation would normally include all elements of the quality system in order to show compliance with Subpart G. the POE is required to be kept up to date per a procedure.145(a) Approval Requirements (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.143 Exposition – Production organisation Exposition (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. ACJ 21. Those items then formally become part of the POE. When changes to the organisation occur. national or international standards.139(a) The quality assurance function to ensure the above should perform planned continuing and systematic evaluations or audits of factors that affect the conformity (and.1. 1. The Authority requires the POE to be an accurate definition and description of the production organisation. laid down in the POE. where required. means and methods of the organisation. procedures. Calibration control of equipment and tools which affect critical dimensions and values must show compliance with. lighting.139 Adequacy of procedures means that the quality system. but it will be considered as such by virtue of the approval of the organisation. noise.143 The purpose of the POE is to set forth in a concise document format the organisational relationships. Equipment and tools should be such as to enable all specified tasks to be accomplished in a repeatable manner without detrimental effect. temperature. through the use of the procedures as set forth. and be traceable to. In any combined documents the POE should be easily identifiable. air pollution. is capable of meeting the conformity objectives identified in JAR 21.JAR–21 SECTION 2 ACJ No 2 to 21. Significant changes to the organisation (as defined in ACJ 21.97 . and associated authority. When an organisation is approved against any other JAR containing a requirement for an exposition. Where this information is documented and integrated in manuals. responsibilities. humidity.

8. ACJ 21. a specific qualification standard has to be implemented for example NDT. The procedure must also define the traceability of such data to each individual product. and has corporate authority for ensuring that all production work is carried out to the required standard.145(b)(2) Approval Requirements – Airwo rthiness/production data procedures (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. a sufficient quantity of qualified personnel to accomplish all specified manufacturing tasks and to attest the conformity.145 Manager Accountable means the Manager who is responsible. ACJ 21.145(b)(1) Approval Requirements – Airwo rthiness data (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.145 Examples of required data are: For the data provided by the Authority. 28. 95/1.145(c)(1) Approval Requirements – Manager Accountable (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.145(c)(1).145(a) (continued) JAR–21 Sufficient personnel means that the Organisation has for each function according to the nature of the work and the production rate. When required by Authority regulation. procedures are required to demonstrate the right transcription of the original design data.95) . which determines the conformity of products. welding. Training should be organised to establish and maintain the personal competence levels determined by the organisation to be necessary.. such person then becoming the manager for the purpose of JAR 21. etc . ACJ 21. Their number should be such that airworthiness consideration may be applied in all areas without undue pressure.. such as computer base data. from the design data package delivered by a Design Organisation. parts and appliances. information and guidance documents. The authority may be delegated in writing to another person in the organisation. JAR–21 and the associated ACJs.97 2–G–7 Change 1 (Amend. Eff.SECTION 2 ACJ 21. 2 Procedures are required to define the manner in which airworthiness data is used to issue and update the production/quality data.145 1 When a POA holder/applicant is developing its own manufacturing data. An evaluation of the competence of personnel is performed as part of the quality system. etc. part or appliance for the purpose of certifying condition for safe operation and issuing a Statement of Conformity or JAA Form One.1. 1. airworthiness directives.

Where a JAR–21 Subpart G organisation chooses to appoint Managers for all or any combination of the identified JAR–21 functions because of the size of the undertaking. 1. In cases where a Manager does not directly report to the Manager Accountable.97 . In the case of organisation structures where staff-members are responsible to more than one person. The Manager needs to have sufficient knowledge and authority to enable him to respond to the Authority regarding major issues of the production approval and implement necessary improvements.1. One such Manager. responsibilities of the Managers should be defined in such a way that all responsibilities are covered. He should have a direct link with the Manager Accountable. The responsibilities and the tasks of each individual Manager are required to be clearly defined. within the organisation. ACJ 21.8. ACJ 21. Change 1 (Amend. the functions may be subdivided under individual Managers (and in fact may be further subdivided) or combined in a variety of ways. Parts. The Manager needs to be able to demonstrate that he is fully aware of and supports the quality policy and maintains adequate links with the Quality Manager.145(d)(1) Approval Requirements – Certifying staff (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21. it is necessary that these Managers report ultimately to the Manager Accountable. 95/1. and Appliances qualify for Statements of Conformity or Release Certificates.145(c)(1) (continued) SECTION 2 The Manager is responsible for ensuring that all necessary resources are available and properly used in order to produce under the production approval in accordance with JAR–21 Subpart G.JAR–21 ACJ 21. depending on the size of the JAR–21 Subpart G organisation. It therefore follows that. normally known as the Quality Manager is responsible for monitoring the organisation’s compliance with JAR–21 Subpart G and requesting remedial action as necessary by the other Managers or the Manager Accountable as appropriate.145 1 Certifying Staff are nominated by the Production Organisation to ensure that Products.145(c)(2) Approval Requirements – Responsible Managers (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. he should have a formally established direct access to the Manager Accountable. Eff.95) 2–G–8 28. as for instance in matrix and project organisations. The Authority requires the nominated Managers to be identified and their credentials submitted on JAA Form Four to the Authority in order that they may be seen to be appropriate in terms of relevant knowledge and satisfactory experience related to the nature of the production activities as performed by the JAR–21 Subpart G organisation.145 The person or persons nominated should represent the management structure of the organisation and be responsible for all functions as specified in JAR–21 Subpart G. in order to prevent uncertainties about the relations. Certifying Staff positions and numbers are to be appropriate to the complexity of the product and the production rate.

145(d)(2) Approval Requirements – Record of certifying staff (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21.97 2–G–9 Change 1 (Amend. 5 Training policy is par t of the Quality System and its appropriateness for ms par t of investigation by the Authority within the Organisation approval process and subsequent surveillance of persons proposed by managers. or appliance to be released. ACJ 21.1. 95/1. 3 Training should be given to develop a satisfactory level of knowledge of organisation procedures. 6 The training should be changed in response to experience gained and changes in technology. part.95) . the organisation should define its own standards for training.145(d)(1) (continued) JAR–21 2 The qualification of certifying staff is based on their knowledge.145 (d)(2). for personnel to be identified as certifying σταφφ. Eff. including pre-qualification standards. the responsibilities to issue statements of conformity/release certificates (JAA Form One) should be allocated to the certifying staff identified in JAR 21.SECTION 2 ACJ 21. 1. 9 The Authority holds the right to reject those personnel.145 1 a b c d e f g h i j The following is the minimum information to be recorded in respect of each certifying person: Name Date of Birth Basic Training and standard attained Specific Training and standard attained If appropriate – Continuation Training Experience Scope of the authorisation Date of first issue of the authorisation If appropriate – expiry date of the authorisation Identification Number of the authorisation 28. 8 For release of products. and JAA Regulations. parts or appliances. 4 For that purpose. appointed by the Organisation. relevant to the particular role. aviation legislation. 7 A feedback system to ascertain that the required standards are being maintained should be put in place to ensure the continuing compliance of personnel to authorisation requirements. background and experience and a specific training (or testing) established by the organisation to ensure that it is appropriate to the product.8. if found to have inappropriate experience or not to otherwise comply with its requirements. in addition to general training policy.

Eff.147 Changes to be approved by the Authority include: • • Significant changes to production capacity or methods. ACJ 21. 5 Under the provision of JAR 21. 1 To ensure that changes do not result in non-compliance with Subpart G it is in the interest of both the Authority and the approval holder to establish a relationship and exchange information that will permit the necessary evaluation work to be conducted before the implementation of a change. ACJ 21. Authorised persons include the Authority.8.145 1 The authorisation document should be in a style that makes its scope clear to certifying staff and any authorised person that may require to examine the document. Changes in the placement or control of significant sub-contracted work or supplied parts. part or appliance. 4 The certifying person should be given reasonable access on request to his/her own records. Where codes are used to define scope. 6 The organisation should keep the record for at least two years after the certifying person has ceased employment with the organisation or withdrawal of the authorisation. 95/1. This relationship should also permit agreement on the need for variation of the terms of approval (ref Appendix A Item (i)).145 (c)(2). 2 Certifying staff are not required to carry the authorisation document at all times but should be able to make it available within a reasonable time of a request from an authorised person. 1. • • • Notes: Change 1 (Amend.157 the Authority has a right of access to the data held in such a system. Changes in the organisation structure especially those parts of the organisation in charge of quality. whichever is the sooner.97 . Changes in the production or quality systems that may have an important impact on the conformity/airworthiness of each product.95) 2–G–10 28.JAR–21 ACJ 21.145(d)(2) (continued) SECTION 2 2 The record may be kept in any format and should be controlled by an internal procedure of the Organisation. This procedure forms part of the quality system. 3 Persons authorised to access the system should be maintained at a minimum to ensure that records cannot be altered in an unauthorised manner and that confidential records cannot become accessible to unauthorised persons. an interpretation document should be readily available.147(a)) Changes to the Approved Product ion O rg a n i sa ti o n – Si g n i fi ca n t ch a n ges (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. A change of the manager accountable or of any other manager nominated according to JAR 21.1.145(d)(3) Approval Requirements – Evidence of authorisation (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21.

97 2–G–11 Change 1 (Amend. 95/1. to an unapproved location. Planned timing of each phase of relocation. 1.153.95) . f Arrangements for check and/or re-calibration of inspection aids or production tools and jigs before resuming production. suitable transitional arrangements would require preparation of a co-ordination plan for the removal. including the Authority. in advance of the relocation.148 1 The relocation of any work. 5 If an agreed co-ordination plan is in operation. constitutes a change of significance to the Organisation and requires approval by the Authority as prescribed in JAR 21. 4 From the co-ordination plan. An unapproved relocation will invalidate the Production Organisation Approval. e.g. However. at least. d Arrangements for maintaining the standards of the approval up to the point where the production area is closed down.149. Changes of location are addressed in JAR 21. 2 When an organisation expands its facility to include a new production location or moves parts of its production to a new location the Production Organisation Approval can continue in force. change of scope of approval in JAR 21.148 C h a n ge s i n L o c a t i o n – M a n ag e m e n t d u r i n g ch a n ge o f l o c a t i o n ( A c c e p t a bl e M e a n s o f Compliance) See JAR 21. the Authority can determine the points at which it wishes to conduct investigation.8. h Arrangements for keeping the Authority informed of progress with the relocation.147. the Authority will normally allow the existing approval to remain in force and will. taking an extended per iod of time. identify the following. suitable transitional arrangements may be agreed with the Authority. 3 For a change in location. which can allow continuation of the approval. or a location with inappropriate scope of approval. The plan should. grant an additional approval to cover the new address for the duration of the move. and may necessitate re-application for any similar approval required at the new location. b c The basis of the co-ordination plan. responsible for co-ordinating the removal and acting as focal point for communication with all parties. whether by product or area. where appropriate.SECTION 2 ACJ 21. ACJ 21. a A clearly identified person. or group of persons.1. g Procedures which ensure that goods are not released from the new location until their associated production and quality systems have been verified.148 and changes of ownership in JAR 21. e Arrangements for verifying continued production quality upon resumption of work at the new location.147(a) (continued) 2 3 JAR–21 Where a change of name or ownership results in the issue of a new approval the investigation will normally take account of the Authority’s knowledge and information from the preceding approval. but the Approval does not include the new location until the Authority has indicated its satisfaction with the arrangements. Eff. 28.

145.97 .95) 2–G–12 28.g. similar to the titles of the corresponding certification codes. and/or categories for which the holder is entitled to exercise the privileges defined in JAR 21. insolvency or other equivalent legal process) there may be good technical justification for continuation of the approval provided that the company continues to function in a satisfactory manner in accordance with their POE. in accordance with the Type Certificate. the products. Manager Accountable or Manager nominated in accordance with JAR 21. otherwise transfer is not possible and application for a new approval will be required. the Products.159 (b). administering and filing details of approvals. Parts.1.135 to identify the scope of work.g. FOR PRODUCTS: 1 2 General area. mechanical.163 will be described by the Authority as follows.JAR–21 SECTION 2 ACJ 21. landing gear.147(b) that the duties and responsibilities of the former organisation should be transferred to the new organisation. Type of Product. The scope of work. For example: An acceptable transfer situation could be a change of company name (supported by the appropriate certificate from the National Companies Registration Office or equivalent) but with no changes to site address. It is likely that at a later stage the approval might be voluntarily surrendered or the organisation transferred to new owners in which case the former paragraphs apply.149 Transferability (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21. Alternatively.149 Transfer of approval would normally only be agreed in cases where the ownership changes but the Organisation itself remains effectively unchanged.151 Terms of Approval document(s) will be issued by the Authority under JAR 21. ACJ 21. The codes shown against each scope of work item are intended for use by the Authority for purposes such as managing. FOR PARTS AND APPLIANCES: 1 2 General area.163. e. in the event of receivership (bankruptcy. Change 1 (Amend. wing. It may also assist in the production and publication of a list of approval holders. Generic type. Eff.151 Terms of Approval – Scope and categories (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. tyres. 95/1. In order for the Authority to agree to a transfer of approval. staff. If it does not continue to operate satisfactorily then the Authority could suspend or revoke the approval under JAR 21. or Appliances for which the POA holder is entitled to exercise the privileges defined in JAR 21. it will normally prescribe it as a condition in accordance with JAR 21. showing the expertise. e. metallic structure. type of work.8. facilities. 1.

Metallic/Non-metallic Mechanical/Hydraulic/Pneumatic Electrical Electronic C2 Parts: D1 Maintenance State aircraft types ACJ 21. etc) Examples include: Avionic. and details of the proposed change to POA Terms of Approval are to be forwarded to the Authority. 1.g.151 (continued) JAR–21 SCOPE OF WORK A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A10 A11 A12 B1 B2 B3 B4 C1 Large Aeroplanes Small Aeroplanes Large Helicopters Small Helicopters Gyroplanes Sailplanes Motor Gliders Manned Balloons Airships Microlight Aircraft Very Light Aeroplanes Other Turbine Engines Piston Engines APU’s Propellers Appliances: PRODUCTS/CATEGORIES State Types " " " " " " " " " " " " " " " State appliance generic types (e. 28. The information entered on the form is the minimum required by the Authority to assess the need for change of the Production Organisation Approval. Altimeter. Wing.8.1.95) . Landing Gear.153 “In a form and manner’ means that JAA Form 51 should be obtained from the Authority and completed in accordance with the procedures of the POE.g. 95/1. Tyres. Aircraft/Engine/Avionic Instruments. Com/Nav/Pulse Computer System. Mechanical/Electrical/ Gyroscopic/Electronic Mechanical/Hydraulic/Pneumatic State part generic types (e. The completed form and an outline of the changed Production Organisation Exposition.97 2–G–13 Change 1 (Amend. etc) Examples include: Structural. Eff.SECTION 2 ACJ 21.153 Changes to the Terms of Approval – Application for a ch a n ge to the Te r m s o f A p p rova l (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21.

1. witnessing. enquiries. records. of the organisation’s compliance with Requirements.1. The investigation may include. or holder of JAR–21 Subpart G Approval should allow the Authority to make investigations that include the complete Production Organisation including partners. such as the availability of a meeting room. and assistance (personnel suppor t. Eff. The Authority seeks to have an open relationship with the organisation and suitable liaison personnel should be nominated to facilitate this. Change 1 (Amend. Co-operation in performing investigation means that the Authority has been given full and free access to the facilities and to any infor mation relevant to show compliance to JAR 21 Subpar t G requirements. subject to continued compliance with the Requirements and satisfactory Authority audit results. OR ii An Approval without a termination date which continues indefinitely.157 The arrangements made by the applicant for. Subpart G may be issued either as. etc. parts or appliances produced under the POA. inspections.159(a) Duration (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. ACJ 21. reports and certifications. including suitable representative(s) to accompany Authority staff during visits not only at the organisations own facilities but also at sub-contractors. computer data. partners or suppliers. audits. all properly and promptly available as necessary. discussions and explanations. whether they are in the State of the applicant or not. by the Author ity. as necessary). Production Organisation Approval in accordance with JAR–21.JAR–21 SECTION 2 ACJ 21.157 Investigations – Arrangements (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. monitoring. office and personnel suppor t.97 . sub-contractors and suppliers. In order to maintain its confidence in the standards achieved by a POA holder or applicant the Authority may make an investigation of a sample product part or appliance and its associated records. Assistance to the Authority includes all appropriate means associated with the facilities of the Production Organisation to allow the Authority to perform these investigations. i An Approval with a termination date which requires re-issue or validation at the end of each ter m based upon re-assessment. 95/1. checks. and communication facilities. flight and ground tests and inspection of completed products.8. documentation and data. The arrangements should enable the organisation to give positive assistance to the Authority and cooperate in performing the investigation during both initial assessment and for the subsequent surveillance to maintain the POA.95) 2–G–14 28. repor ts. questions.159 1 GENERAL a Dependent upon National arrangements.

159 A positive finding by the Authority of: 1 an uncontrolled non-compliance with Type Design data affecting the airworthiness of product part or appliance 2 an incident/accident identified as caused by POA Holder 3 non-compliance with the POE and its associated procedures which could affect conformity of manufactured items to design data 4 5 6 7 insufficient competence of certifying staff insufficient resources in respect of facilities. Surrender. the organisation may not make any certifications or other statements invoking the Approval and must remove all references to the Approval from its company documentation.SECTION 2 ACJ 21. after Revocation.95) . Approval privileges may be re-instated when the circumstances causing the suspension are corrected and the organisation once again can demonstrate full compliance with the Requirements.8.163.163. 95/1. tools and equipment insufficient means to ensure good production work standards a lack of effective and timely response to prevent a recurrence of any of 1 to 6 above.97 2–G–15 Change 1 (Amend. after cancellation. 2 RESTRICTION is temporary withdrawal of some of the privileges of a POA under JAR 21. may not make certifications invoking the Approval and must remove all references to the Approval from its company documentation. 5 REVOCATION is a permanent and enforced cancellation of the whole of an Approval by the Authority.159(b)(3) Duration – Evidence of a lack of satisfactory control (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. The Approval remains valid but NO certifications invoking the Approval may be made while the suspension is in force. Suspensions or Revocations of Approvals will always be actioned in such a way as to comply with any National laws or regulations relating to appeal rights and the conduct of appeals. All rights and privileges of the Organisation under the Approval are withdrawn and. 3 SURRENDER is a permanent cancellation of a Production Organisation Approval by the Authority upon formal written request by the Manager Accountable of the organisation concerned. 28. Eff. ACJ 21. The organisation effectively relinquishes its rights and privileges granted under the approval and.1.159(a) (continued) JAR–21 b Restriction. 4 SUSPENSION is temporary withdrawal of all the privileges of a Production Organisation Approval under JAR 21. 1.

but not beyond the time at which JAR /OPS requires maintenance to be performed by an Approved Maintenance Organisation. Completion may be either machine/computer printed or hand-written using block letters to permit easy reading. it would have to apply for and obtain an appropriate maintenance approval.1. if required. ACJ 21. A copy of the Statement and all referenced attachments are to be retained by the approved production organisation. but not to the extent that would make the Statement of Conformity unrecognisable. which cover maintenance of a new aircraft that he has manufactured. 3 A Statement of Conformity may not be issued to the Authority unless the design of the aircraft and its installed products are approved.163(a) Privileges – Statement of Conformity (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21. The Statement of Conformity should either be pre-printed or computer generated but in either case the printing of lines and characters must be clear and legible. as necessary to keep it in an airworthy condition.163 The applicant may request Terms of Approval. Pre-printed wording is permitted in accordance with the attached model but no other certification statements are permitted.163(a) 1 PURPOSE AND SCOPE The purpose of the Aircraft Statement of Conformity is to enable the holder of an appropriate JAR–21 Production Organisation Approval to exercise the privilege to obtain an individual aircraft Certificate of Airworthiness (Standard or Export) from the Authority. If in doubt consult your NAA.8. The size of each block may however be varied to suit the individual application. If the Production Organisation intends to maintain the aircraft beyond that point. 95/1. Change 1 (Amend. Completion of the Statement of Conformity should be in the national language with translations in English shown below.95) 2–G–16 28.163 Terms of Approval .JAR–21 SECTION 2 ACJ 21. 1. Eff.97 . Notes: 1 The Statement of Conformity document should be identified as JAA Form 52. 2 GENERAL The Statement of Conformity should comply with the format attached including block numbers in that each block must be located as per the layout.Maintenance (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. 2 The Statement of Conformity may only be issued by an organisation approved to JAR–21 Subpart G and within that scope of approval. 3 COMPLETION OF THE STATEMENT OF CONFORMITY BY THE ORIGINATOR There should be an entry in all blocks to make the document a valid statement acceptable to the Authority.

163(a) (continued) JAR–21 AIRCRAFT STATEMENT OF CONFORMITY 1 COUNTRY 2 NATIONAL AVIATION AUTHORITY (A member of Joint Aviation Authorities) 3 STATEMENT REF NO 4 ORGANISATION 5 AIRCRAFT TYPE 6 TYPE CERTIFICATE REFS: 7 AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION OR MARK 8 BUILDERS IDENTIFICATION NO 9 ENGINE/PROPELLER DETAILS * 10 MODIFICATIONS AND/OR SERVICE BULLETINS * 11 AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES 12 CONCESSIONS 13 EXEMPTIONS. 1. 18 SIGNED 19 NAME 20 DATE (DAY. WAIVERS OR DEROGATIONS * 14 REMARKS 15 CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS 16 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS 17 STATEMENT OF CONFORMITY It is hereby certified that this aircraft conforms fully to the type certificated design and to the items above in boxes 9. 11.SECTION 2 ACJ 21. 12 and 13. MONTH . The aircraft is in a condition for safe operation.97 2–G–17 Change 1 (Amend.1. 95/1. The aircraft has been satisfactorily tested in flight. 10. YEAR ) 21 PRODUCTION ORGANISATION APPROVAL REFERENCE * Delete as inapplicable JAA Form 52 28.95) . Eff.8.

JAR–21
ACJ 21.163(a) (continued)

SECTION 2

Block 1

Name of the country of origin of the Authority stated in Block 2. The name may be preprinted. The NAA under which authority the Statement of Conformity is issued. A unique serial number should be pre-printed in this block for Statement control and traceability purposes. Except that in the case of a computer generated document the number need not be pre-printed where the computer is programmed to produce and print a unique number. The full name and location address of the organisation issuing the statement. This block may be pre-printed. Logos etc, are permitted if the logo can be contained within the block. The aircraft type in full as defined in the Type Certificate and its associated data sheet. The Type Certificate reference numbers and issue for the subject aircraft. If the aircraft is registered then this mark will be the registration mark. If the aircraft is not registered then this will be such a mark that the Authority requires to be displayed. The identification number assigned by the builder for control and traceability and product support. This is sometimes referred to as a Manufacturers Serial No or Constructors No. The engine and propeller type(s) in full as defined in the relevant Type Certificate and its associated data sheet. Their builders identification No and associated location should also be shown. Approved design changes to the Aircraft Definition. A listing of all applicable Airworthiness Directives (or equivalent) and a declaration of compliance, together with a description of the method of compliance on the subject individual aircraft including products and installed parts, appliances and equipment. Any future compliance requirement time should be shown. Approved unintentional deviation to the approved type design sometimes referred to as concessions, divergences, or non-conformances. Only agreed deviations from JARs or national legislation may be included here. Remarks. Any statement, information, particular data or limitation which may affect the airworthiness of the aircraft. If there is no such information or data, state; ‘NONE’. Enter ‘Standard’ or ‘Export’ for the Certificate of Airworthiness requested.
NOTE: In the case of an Export C of A request the certification requirements should be those of the import country and should be noted in Block 16. Exemptions waivers or derogations noted in block 13 should be those agreed by the NAA of the importing country (see Subpart L).

Block 2 Block 3

Block 4

Block 5 Block 6 Block 7

Block 8

Block 9

Block 10 Block 11

Block 12

Block 13 Block 14

Block 15

Block 16

Additional Requirements such as those notified by an importing country should be noted in this block.

Change 1 (Amend. 95/1, Eff. 1.8.95)

2–G–18

28.1.97

SECTION 2
ACJ 21.163(a) (continued)

JAR–21

Block 17

Validity of the Statement of Conformity is dependent on full completion of all blocks on τηε form. A copy of the flight test report together with any recorded defects and rectification details should be kept on file by the POA holder. The repor t should be signed as satisfactory by the appropriate certifying staff and a flight crew member, e.g. test pilot or flight test engineer. The flight tests performed are, as a minimum, those required by JAR 21.31 (a)(4). The listing of items provided (or made available) to satisfy the safe operation aspects of this statement should be kept on file by the POA holder.

Block 18

The Statement of Conformity may be signed by the person authorised to do so by the production approval holder in accordance with JAR 21.145(d). A rubber stamp signature should not be used. The name of the person signing the certificate should be typed or printed in a legible form. The date the Statement of Conformity is signed should be given. The Authority approval reference of the POA holder should be quoted.
The information required in blocks 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 may be by reference to separate identified documents held on file by the Production Organisation, unless the Authority agrees otherwise. This Statement of Conformity is not intended to provide for the complete equipment fit required for any JAR–OPS purpose. However, some of these individual items may be included in Block 10 or in the Type Certificated build standard. Operators are therefore reminded of their responsibility to ensure JAR–OPS compliance for their own particular operation.

Block 19

Block 20 Block 21
NOTE: 1

2

28.1.97

2–G–19

Change 1 (Amend. 95/1, Eff. 1.8.95)

JAR–21

SECTION 2

ACJ No. 1 to 21.163(b) Privileges – The Authorised Release Certificate (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.163(a) 1 PURPOSE AND SCOPE

This ACJ relates only to the use of the Certificate for release of ‘New’ parts, i.e. parts which have not previously been used in operational service. Appendix 3 to Section 2 of JAR–145 details use of the Certificate for ‘Used’ parts, i.e. parts which have been used in operational service. The purpose of the Certificate is to identify the conformity or airworthiness and eligibility status of products/appliances/par ts/components/assemblies (hereafter referred to as ‘par t(s)’) after manufacture or to release maintenance work carried out on parts under the approval of a National Aviation Authority (NAA) member of the Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA). The Cer tificate referenced JAA Form One (Issue 3 or later) is called the Authorised Release Certificate. The Certificate is to be used for export/import purposes, as well as for domestic purposes, and serves as an official certificate for the delivery of parts from the manufacturer/maintenance organisation to users. The Certificate is not a delivery or shipping note. It can only be issued by organisations/person approved by the particular NAA, within the scope of such an approval, or by the National Aviation Authority itself. Aircraft are not to be released using the Certificate. A mixture of ‘New’ and ‘Used’ parts is not permitted on the same Certificate. A mixture of ‘Conformity’ and ‘Airworthiness’ items is not permitted on the same Certificate. 2 GENERAL

The Certificate should comply with the format attached including block numbers in that each block must be located as per the layout. The size of each block may however be varied to suit the individual application, but not to the extent that would make the Certificate unrecognisable. The overall size of the Certificate may be significantly increased or decreased so long as the Cer tificate remains recognisable and legible. If in doubt consult your NAA. Please note that the User responsibility statements are nor mally placed on the reverse of this Certificate, but they may be added to the front of the Certificate by reducing the depth of the form. All printing should be clear and legible to permit easy reading. The Certificate may either be pre-printed or computer generated but in either case the printing of lines and characters must be clear and legible. Pre-printed wording is permitted in accordance with the attached model but no other certification statements are permitted. The national language of the country of origin of the NAA shall be printed below the English wording when required by the NAA. Completion of the Certificate should be in English when it is used for export purposes, otherwise it can be completed in the national language.

Change 1 (Amend. 95/1, Eff. 1.8.95)

2–G–20

28.1.97

SECTION 2
ACJ No. 1 to 21.163(b) (continued)

JAR–21

The details to be entered on the Certificate can be either machine/computer printed or hand-written using block letters, and should permit easy reading. Abbreviations should be restricted to a minimum. The space remaining on the reverse side of the Certificate may be used by the originator for any additional information but should not include any certification statement. The top copy Certificate should accompany the parts and correlation should be established between the Certificate and the part(s). A copy of the Certificate should be retained by the organisation that manufactured the part. Where the Certificate format and the data is entirely computer generated, subject to acceptance by the NAA, it is permissible to retain the Certificate format and data on a secure database. There is no restriction in the number of copies of the Certificate sent to the customer or retained by the originator. The Certificate that accompanies the part may be attached to the part by being placed in an envelope for durability. 3 COMPLETION OF THE RELEASE CERTIFICATE BY THE ORIGINATOR

Except as otherwise stated, there should be an entry in all blocks to make the document a valid certificate. Block 1 Block 2 Name of the country of origin of the NAA stated in Block 2. The name may be pre-printed. The first line in this block should be the name of the NAA under which authority the Certificate is released, followed by the statement; ‘A Member of the JAA’. Block 3 A unique number should be pre-printed in this block for Certificate control and traceability purposes except that in the case of a computer generated document, the unique number need not be pre-printed where the computer is programmed to produce the number. The full name and address of the organisation releasing the part(s) covered by this Certificate. This block may be pre-printed. Logos etc., are permitted if the logo can be contained within the block. C o m p l e t i o n o f t h e bl o ck i s o p t i o n a l . I t s p u r p o s e i s t o r e fe r e n c e wo r k o r d e r / contract/invoice or any other internal organisational process such that a fast traceability system can be established. Completion of this block is strongly recommended in the absence of part Serial Numbers. The block is provided for the convenience of the organisation issuing the Certificate to permit easy cross-reference to the ‘Remarks’ Block 13 by the use of item numbers. Completion is not mandatory. Where a number of items are to be released on the Certificate, it is permissible to use a separate listing cross-referring Certificate and list to each other. Block 7 The name or description of the part should be given. Preference should be given to use of the Illustrated Parts Catalogue (IPC) designation. The description is to include reference to any applicable JTSO or JPA Authorisations. State the Part Number. Preference should be given to use of the IPC number designation.

Block 4

Block 5

Block 6

Block 8

28.1.97

2–G–21

Change 1 (Amend. 95/1, Eff. 1.8.95)

for test only. 1. pending approved data. unless the originator wishes to restrict usage to a particular model installation when it should so state. or a reference to a readily available catalogue or manual which contains such information. Sub-part O. or Re-certification by the original manufacturer after rectification work on a part. ‘None’. and Block 15 is to be signed. if neither applicable..97 . for example: ‘A300’.JAR–21 ACJ No. 1 to 21. Details of the original release and the rectification work are to be entered in Block 13. then appropriate explanatory information must be provided in Block 13 and new parts may only be given ‘Conformity’ release.8. or shelf life expired.163(b) (continued) SECTION 2 Block 9 Used to indicate the Type-Approved applications for which the released parts are eligible for installation. for example: pending type certificate. b c d NOTE: Any information in Block 9 does not constitute authority to fit the part to a particular aircraft. Enter one or a combination of appropriate standard words from the following table. to be used only when it is known that the parts do not yet have a TypeApproved application. the parts have not been previously used in operational service.g. appliances for which JTSO Authorisation has been issued in accordance with JAR–21. the appropriate ‘Conformity’ or ‘Airworthiness’ box is to be marked. engine or propeller. provided that the parts conform to the approved design data. 95/1. propeller. In all cases the cer tification rules relating to Block 14 apply. This includes items which have independent approved status and which may be eligible for use in a number of different applications. in quotes. p r ev i o u s l y r e l e a s e d u n d e r 1 ( a ) a b o ve. if known to be eligible for installation on more than one model of TypeApproved product. that the part is eligible for the particular installation. state ‘N/A’. The table lists. etc. the standard words permitted for use when releasing new parts prior to entry into service. Block 10 Block 11 State the quantity of parts being released.1. if eligibility is unknown. TABLE OF STANDARD WORDS FOR NEW PARTS 1 ‘MANUFACTURED’ a b The production of a new part in conformity with the applicable design data. ‘Unknown’. ‘Various’. defective. w h i c h h a s b e e n fo u n d t o b e unserviceable prior to entry into service. The User/Installer should confirm via documents such as the Parts Catalogue. i. e. It also details the circumstances and conditions under which they may be used. State the part Serial Number or Batch Number if applicable. e.e. a The specific or series aircraft. Eff.95) 2–G–22 28. or engine model. or Re-certification of new parts from ‘Conformity’ to ‘Airworthiness’ at the time of approval of the applicable design data. in need of inspection or test.g. An explanation of the basis of release and details of the original release are to be entered in Block 13. Service Bulletins. Block 12 c Change 1 (Amend. The following entries are permitted. If this category is used.

An explanation of the basis of release and details of the original release are to be entered in Block 13.g. Time Since Overhaul (TSO). or to establish serviceability and condition for safe operation prior to re-release as a spare. that identifies particular data or limitations relating to the parts being released that are necessary for the User/Installer to make the final airworthiness determination of the part. where the part has been obtained with a JAA Form One.95) . or in accordance with a customer-specified standard or specification. 1 to 21. either direct or by reference to supporting documentation.8. Such information shall be identified in either Block 12 or 13. state ‘None’. 1. 95/1. a b to establish conformity with the applicable design data. by the original manufacturer. Exceptions to the notified special requirements of the importing country Specially configured to meet the notified special requirements of the impor ting country Re-certification of previously released ‘new’ items 28.SECTION 2 ACJ No. The information should be clear. Block 13 It is mandatory to state any information in this block. details of which are to be entered in Block 13. JAR’s Details of repair work carried out or reference to a document where this is stated Compliance with. If there is no statement. The above statements should be suppor ted by reference to the approved data/ manual/specification.97 2–G–23 Change 1 (Amend. Eff.163(b) (continued) JAR–21 2 ‘INSPECTED’/’TESTED’ The examination of a previously released new part. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Usage restriction for repaired items Modification standard Alternative approved parts supplied Concessions applicable Non-compliance with airworthiness regulations. Details of the alteration and the original release are to be entered in Block 13. Each statement should be clearly identified as to which item it relates. etc. e.1. Examples of conditions which would necessitate statements in Block 13 are. or non-compliance with AD’s or Service Bulletins Information on life limited parts Condition of parts or reference to a document detailing this information Manufacturing date or cure date Shelf life data Shortages Time Since New (TSN). c 3 ‘MODIFIED’ The alteration. and provided in a form and manner which is adequate for the purpose of making such a determination. of a previously released part prior to entry into service. complete.

1 to 21.8. Not used for release of new parts. 1. The name of the person signing Block 15. pending approved data) then the ‘Conformity’ box should be marked. State the full authorisation reference given by the NAA to the organisation/person releasing the new parts or. printed. Mixtures of ‘Airworthiness’ and ‘Conformity’ parts are not permitted on the same JAA Form One.97 .1. Block 16 Block 17 Block 18 Block 19 Block 20 Block 21 Block 22 Block 23 Change 1 (Amend. If the part fully conforms to an approved design standard (*) then the ‘Airworthiness’ box should be marked. in the case of release by an NAA staff member. If the part conforms to applicable design data which is not approved. Not used for release of new parts. computer-generated signatures may be acceptable if it can be demonstrated that an equivalent level of control. typed. Eff. pending type certificate. the identity of the NAA. Use of a stamp instead of a signature is not permitted. The date on which Block 15 is signed. for a reason which must be stated in Block 13. but the authorised person may add a stamp impression to his signature to aid recognition. Also refer to the notes for completion of Block 9. Block 15 The hand-written normal signature of a person who has written authority from an Approved Production Organisation to make Certifications in respect of new parts. Not used for release of new parts.JAR–21 ACJ No. in the format day/month/year Not used for release of new parts. Only one box should be marked.95) 2–G–24 28. traceability.g. for test only. (e. 95/1. or written in a legible form. Subject to the agreement of the NAA in any particular case. and accountability exists.163(b) (continued) SECTION 2 Block 14 This block should only be used to indicate the status of new parts. Not used for release of new parts.

163(b) (continued) 6 Item 7 Description 8 Part No. No.50 Release to Service Other regulation specified in block 13 Certifies that the work specified above except as otherwise specified in block 13 was carried out in accordance with JAR–145 and in respect to that work. 95/1.1. 9 Eligibility* 10 Qty 11 Serial/Batch No 12 Status/Work 13 Remarks 2–G–25 19 JAR–145. 1 to 21.8.95) JAR–21 JAA Form One – Issue 3 •Installer must cross-check eligibility with applicable technical data . the part(s) is (are) considered ready for release to service. 1. 5 Work Order/Contract/Invoice SECTION 2 AUTHORISED RELEASE CERTIFICATE 4 Organisation approved by block 2 Authority to issue this Form: ACJ No. (See over) 20 Signature 22 Name 21 Approval Reference Number 23 Date (d/m/y) Limited life parts will normally be accompanied by maintenance history including life used. Eff. 14 Airworthiness Conformity only Certifies that the part(s) identified above except as otherwise specified in block 13 was (were) manufactured/inspected in accordance with the applicable design data and with the airworthiness regulations of the stated country (see over) 15 Signature 16 Approval Reference Number 17 Name 18 Date (d/m/y) Change 1 (Amend.28.97 1 Country of the block 2 national authority 2 National Authority A member of the JAA JAA FORM ONE 3 Certificate Ref.

2 3 Change 1 (Amend.JAR–21 SECTION 2 ACJ No.163 AUTHORISED RELEASE CERTIFICATE – JAA FORM ONE USER/INSTALLER RESPONSIBILITIES NOTE: 1 It is important to understand that the existence of the document alone does not automatically constitute authority to install the part/component/assembly.163(b) Privileges – JA A Form One (reverse side) (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. Statements 14 and 19 do not constitute installation certification. 2 to 21. 1. Where the user/installer works in accordance with the national regulations of an Airworthiness Authority different from the Airworthiness Authority specified in block 2 it is essential that the user/installer ensures that his/her Airworthiness Authority accepts parts/components/assemblies from the Airworthiness Authority specified in block 2. 95/1.1.97 .8. Eff.95) 2–G–26 28. In all cases the aircraft maintenance record must contain an installation certification issued in accordance with the national regulations by the user/installer before the aircraft may be flown.

Eff. which cover maintenance of a new aircraft that he has manufactured.8. periodic inspection visits. etc.97 2–G–27 Change 1 (Amend. such as engine runs. propeller(s). It should be signed by certifying staff for attesting the conformity of the work to the applicable airworthiness data. demo flights and other nonrevenue flights. 1. Application of airworthiness directives. MAINTENANCE OF AIRCRAFT Examples of such maintenance activities are: • • • • • • Preservation. 95/1.163 The applicant may apply for Terms of Approval. part or appliance may be maintained by the holder of an approval in accordance with JAR–145. Embodiment of a Service Bulletin. Any maintenance activities should be recorded in the Aircraft Log Book. Repairs. Records relevant to continued airworthiness or retirement lives. Maintenance tasks resulting from special flights. When the Authority is satisfied that the procedures required by JAR 21.95) .139 are satisfactory to control maintenance activities so as to ensure that the aircraft is airworthy. but not beyond the point at which JAR–OPS requires maintenance to be performed by an Approved Maintenance Organisation. which affect part retirement of maintenance schedules must be specified on any rerelease. If the Production Organisation intends to maintain the aircraft beyond that point. classified and released as ‘used’. 28. As an alternative the engine. Maintenance tasks to maintain airworthiness during flight training. the Terms of Approval will be amended to show this capability. landings. etc. it would have to apply for and obtain an appropriate maintenance approval. parts and appliances will require re-release in accordance with ACJ 21.SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ 21. flight hours. as necessary to keep it in an airworthy condition.1. propeller.163(c) Privileges – Maintenance (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.163(b) (JAA Form One). In such circumstances the engine(s). Maintenance of components outside the POA capability Such maintenance activity outside the capability of the Aircraft POA holder may still be accomplished under the production approval of the original release organisation.

Change 1 (Amend.8.165 Compliance with the Production Organisation Exposition (POE) is a prerequisite for obtaining and retaining a Production Organisation Approval.165 Before issue of the Statement of Conformity to the Authority the Production Organisation Approval holder should make an investigation so as to be satisfied in respect to each of the items listed below. ACJ No 1 to 21. All these changes are required to have been approved by the Design Approval holder. 1. ACJ No 2 to 21. 95/1. or when necessary by the Authority. Eff.JAR–21 SECTION 2 ACJ 21. the distribution of the POE could be limited.33 requires determination of conformity of prototype models and test specimens to the applicable design data. Monitoring of compliance with the POE is normally the responsibility of the quality assurance function.95) 2–G–28 28. ACJ No 3 to 21. A distribution list should therefore be established.165(a) Responsibilities of Holder – Basic working document (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. The documented results of this investigation should be kept on file by the POA holder.165 JAR 21.165(c) Responsibilities of Holder – Conformity of prototype models and test specimens (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21.165(c) Responsibilities of Holder – Conformity to Type Design (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. which covers their activities. Certain of these items may be required to be provided (or made available) to the operator or owner of the aircraft (and in some cases the Authority).1. The organisation should ensure that personnel have access to and are familiar with that part of the content of the POE or the referenced documents.97 . The JAA Form One may be used as a conformity certificate as part of the assistance a POA holder/applicant provides to a DOA holder/applicant.165 Individual configurations are often based on the needs of the customer and improvements or changes which may be introduced by the Type Certificate holder. Where the POE mainly refers to separate manuals or procedures. The organisation should make the POE available to its personnel where necessar y for the performance of their duties. 1 Equipment or modifications which do not meet the requirements of the state of manufacture but have been declared acceptable by the NAA of the importing state.165(c) Responsibilities of Holder – Condition for safe operation (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21. There are also likely to be unintentional divergencies (concessions or non-conformances) during the manufacturing process.

11 Details of the approved interior configuration if different from that approved as part of the type design. 10 Details of the serviceability state of the aircraft in respect of a) the fuel and oil contents. These records must show the relationship of the maintenance status of the particular aircraft to the manufacturers recommended maintenance task list and the MRB document/report.165(c) (continued) JAR–21 2 a b 805). 12 An approved Flight Manual which conforms to the build standard and modification state of the particular aircraft shall be available. 7 A record of missing items or defects which do not affect airworthiness these for example could be furnishing or BFE.g. 6 A weight and balance report for the completed aircraft. 9 Records which demonstrate completion of maintenance tasks appropriate to the test flight flying hours recorded by the aircraft. 13 Show that inspections for foreign objects at all appropriate stages of manufacture have been satisfactorily performed.97 2–G–29 Change 1 (Amend.1.801 and 805. A record of rigging and control surface movement measurements. 15 Where applicable there shall be a certificate for noise and for the aircraft radio station. (Items may be recorded in a technical log or other suitable arrangement such that the operator and Authority are formally aware. 16 Where export certification is required there should be a statement that the requirements of the importing country have been complied with (e.801 installed as part of the type design as required by the Authority. 28. Identification of Products.8. Parts or Appliances which: Are not new. 14 The registration has been marked on the exterior of the aircraft as required by national legislation. 5 Log books for products identified in JAR 21. a Parts Catalogue. Also an Electrical load analysis and a wiring diagram. 95/1. Are furnished by the buyer or future operator (including those identified in JAR 21. b) provision of operationally required emergency equipment such as life rafts.SECTION 2 ACJ No.) 8 Product support information required by other JARs such as a Maintenance Manual. 17 The installed compass and or compass systems have been adjusted and compensated and a deviation card displayed in the aircraft. Where required by national legislation fix a fireproof owners nameplate. 1. 3 to 21. or MMEL all of which are to reflect the actual build standard of the particular aircraft. etc. FAA AC–21–2).801 and 3 Technical records which identify the location and serial numbers of significant components including those identified in JAR 21. Eff.95) . 18 19 Software criticality list. 4 Log book and a modification record book for the aircraft as required by the Authority.

compilation. Firstly. magnetic. Describe the organisation of and responsibility for the archiving system (location.97 .1. Clearly identify the persons involved in conformity determination. Define an archiving period for each type of data taking into account importance in relation to conformity determination subject to the following: a Data which supports conformity of a product. the approved production organisation should implement a system for the compilation and retention of records during all stages of manufacture.. ferry kits for fuel. Eff.) provided they can meet the required duration for archiving under the conditions provided.. The management of such information should be subject to appropriate procedures in the Quality System required by JAR 21. film. 21 Where maintenance work has been performed under the privilege of JAR 21.g. radio or navigation). by product. format) and conditions for access to the information (e. The related organisation procedures should: • • Identify records to be kept. ACJ 21. • • • • • b Change 1 (Amend.g. covering short-term and long-term records appropriate to the nature of the product and its production processes.139.163(c) issue a release to service that includes a statement that the aircraft is in a condition for safe operation.165 Records within a production environment satisfy two purposes. Ensure continued readability of the records. Data considered essential for continuing airworthiness should be kept throughout the operational life of the product. or appliance should be kept for not less than two years from the issue date of the related Statement of Conformity or Authorised Release Certificate. Therefore.95) 2–G–30 28. 95/1. Demonstrate to the Authority proper functioning of the records system. . 3 to 21. 1. or appliances are in conformity with the controlling data throughout the manufacturing cycle. parts. Control access and provide effective protection from deterioration or accidental damage.8. certain records of milestone events are needed to subsequently provide objective evidence that all prescribed stages of the production process have been satisfactorily completed and that compliance with the applicable design data has been achieved. All forms of recording media are acceptable (paper.165(c) (continued) SECTION 2 20 Details of installations which will be removed before starting commercial air transport operations (e. subject). they are required.165(d)/(g) Responsibilities of Holder – Recording and record keeping (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. during the production process to ensure that products.JAR–21 ACJ No. part or appliance. part. Secondly.

1. suppliers or subcontractors. supplier or sub-contractor). 1.165(d)/(g) (continued) JAR–21 • Ensure that the recording and record-keeping system used by the partners.SECTION 2 ACJ 21.8. supplier and subcontractors meet the objective of conformity of the product. Eff. They should also define method for surveillance of the recording/record keeping system of the partners. They should define in each case who is to retain the record data (organisation or par tner.97 2–G–31 Change 1 (Amend.95) . part or appliance with the same level of confidence as for their own manufacture. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 28. 95/1.

95) 2–G–32 28.97 .1. 95/1. Eff.JAR–21 SECTION 2 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Change 1 (Amend.8. 1.

STC and for JTSO Authorisation for articles listed in Appendix C. Due to the complexity of technology and design activities in the aeronautic field. It has been considered as useful to give Design Organisation Approvals to such organisations to simplify the overall Design Organisation Approval. the applicant has specific responsibility with regard to the demonstration of compliance with applicable requirements and for that has direct relationship with the Authority. whether they are in the State of the applicant or not. 3. 2 Design of Parts and Appliances – Category JB. two categories are defined – 1 2 JA : Type Certification or Supplemental Type Certification and some JTSO Authorisation.A231 Applicability (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. conducted during initial assessment and subsequent surveillance. This can be considered as an advantage to avoid duplication of work in the field of Design Organisation Approvals for both the applicant and the Authority. For Design Organisation Approval. Supplemental Type Certification.94 2–JA–1 Reissued by Change 1 .A235 Satisfying the Authority that compliance has been shown necessitates the complete design organisation including partners. ACJ 21. assisting and co-operating with the Authority in performing inspections and audits. The integration in the system only may be checked under the Design Organisation Approval of the TC applicant. such as a meeting room and office support. When this recognition has been done and is continuously surveyed by the Authority. and for JTSO Authorisation for articles listed in Appendix C. JB : Design of parts and appliances.A231 The JAR-21 describes procedures for approval of products and of parts and appliances.6.A235 Requirements for Issue (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. A JB Design Organisation Approval is indeed the recognition of a capability to design a par t or appliance under a general Design Assurance system. it is not necessary to re-assess completely an organisation when included in a consortium or other industrial relationship. Assistance to the Authority includes all appropriate means associated with the facilities of the design organisation to allow the Authority to perform these inspections and audits. This ACJ outlines some basic principles and objectives in order to comply with JAR 21.A239(a). subcontractors and suppliers. It has been considered that the approval of organisations will enhance the quality of the work done for approval of products and of parts and appliances. For Type Certification. organisations are very often orientated to a specific kind of activity and form consortia to build complete aircraft.A239(a) 1 Purpose.SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ – SUBPART JA ACJ 21. A Design Organisation Approval gives privileges in the accomplishment of activities required by JAR-21 for TC.A239(a) Design Assurance System (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. 1 Type Certification or Supplemental Type Certification – Category JA. ACJ 21.

DESIGN ASSURANCE AND TYPE INVESTIGATION Reissued by Change 1 2–JA–2                                 TYPE INVESTIGATION 3.20(b) ACCEPTANCE BY AUTHORITY TYPE CERTIFICATION : DESIGN ASSURANCE SYSTEM COMPONENTS RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN DESIGN.JAR–21 SECTION 2 AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS PRODUCT SPECIFICATION DESIGN DESIGN ORGANISATION SYSTEM TYPE INVESTIGATION PROGRAMME ANALYSIS & TEST SHOW COMPLIANCE VERIFICATION OF COMPLIANCE DECLARATION OF COMPLIANCE JAR 21.6.94 SYSTEM MONITOR .

1 The Design Assurance System is the organisational structure.94 2–JA–3 Reissued by Change 1 . e. f. or part.A243. d. 2.6.A239(a) (continued) JAR–21 2 Definitions 2.1. In the case of an applicant for a Supplemental Type Certificate.33(c)(2)). h. The complete process.3. and to demonstrate to the Authority this compliance 2. To nominate staff as “compliance verification engineers” responsible to approve compliance documents as defined in paragraph 3. To assure that all instructions of the Handbook are adhered to. 2 How these actions are regularly evaluated and corrective actions implemented as necessary. in particular to indicate the initiation of design activities on a product. 3.1 General a. responsibilities. 3 Design Assurance. c. supplement or amend the Handbook in accordance with JAR 21. the planned and systematic actions should cover the following tasks and procedures should be defined accordingly: 3. For Design Organisations carrying out Type Investigation of products.4.SECTION 2 ACJ 21. To conduct Type Investigation. To provide the assurance to the Authority that prototype models and test specimens adequately conform to the Type Design (see JAR 21. to show and verify the compliance with these requirements. To ensure full and complete liaison between the Type Design Organisation and related organisations having responsibility for products manufactured to the Type Certificate. starting with the airworthiness requirements and product specifications and culminating with the issuing of a Type Certificate.1.3 The “Type Investigation” means the tasks of the Organisation in suppor t of the Type Certificate or Supplemental Type Certificate necessary to show and verify and to maintain compliance with the applicable airworthiness requirements. procedures and resources to ensure the proper functioning of the Design Organisation.1.2 The Design Assurance is defined as all those planned and systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that the organisation has the capability – – – to design products or parts in accordance with the applicable airworthiness requirements.1 Planned and Systematic Actions. complies with applicable airworthiness requirements and will continue to comply after any change. Two main aspects should therefore be considered – 1 How the planned and systematic actions are defined and implemented. to obtain the agreement of the Type Certificate holder for the proposed Supplemental Type Certificate to the extent defined in JAR 21. is shown in the diagram on Page 2–JA–2. To issue or. Effective Design Assurance demands a continuing evaluation of factors that affect the adequacy of the design for intended applications. in particular that the product. g. where applicable. the Type Investigation and Design Assurance processes. This identifies the relationship between the design. b. from the very beginning of design activities up to continued airworthiness activities. 3. To nominate personnel belonging to the Office of Airworthiness responsible as defined in paragraph 3.115.

necessary for the verification of compliance with the applicable airworthiness requirements as defined in Type Investigation programme. 3.A265(b). Reissued by Change 1 2–JA–4 3. specifications. f. including test programmes and data. Establishing the compliance checklist and updating for changes. k. technical accuracy.) 3.94 .6.. and standards. p. d.3 Compliance Verification a. Ensuring co-operation in preparing test programmes needed for demonstration of compliance.2 Head of Design Organisation (or his Deputy). Co-operating with the Authority in proposing the Type Certification basis including Special Conditions. (See also ACJ 21. Preparation of the Type Investigation programme and co-ordination of all tasks related to Type Investigation in concurrence with the Authority. Approval by signing of all compliance documents. j. Checking the required Type Design definition documents and ensuring that they are provided to the Authority for approval. Ensuring that handbook is prepared and updated as required in JAR 21. m. drawings. He confirms by his signature that the procedures as specified in the handbook have been followed. as well as for completeness. h..4 Office of Airworthiness a. o. n. g.A239(a) (continued) SECTION 2 3. Approval of the technical content (completeness.JAR–21 ACJ 21. if necessary. Ensuring procurement and distribution of applicable airworthiness requirements and other specifications. l. Co-operation with the Authority in developing procedures to be used for the Type Certification process. and signing for release of the documents. The Head of the Design Organisation is responsible to sign a declaration of compliance (see JAR 21. of a draft for a Type Certificate Data Sheet and/or Type Certificate Data Sheet modification. Advising of all departments of the design organisation in all questions regarding airworthiness and certification.) of the manuals required by the applicable JAR s. Preparation. Regular reporting to the Authority about Type Investigation progress and announcement of scheduled tests in due time. c. Interpretation of airworthiness requirements and requesting decisions of the Authority in case of doubt. i. Co-operation in issuing guidelines for the preparation of the manuals required by the applicable JAR s.A243. Checking that all compliance documents are prepared as necessary to show compliance with all airworthiness requirements. Issuing of guidelines for documenting compliance. Liaison between the Design Organisation and the Authority with respect to all aspects of Type Investigation. e.1. b.1. b.1.20(b)) with the applicable airworthiness requirements after verification of satisfactory completion of the Type Investigation. Service Bulletins.

Ensuring the initiation of activities as a response to failure (accident/incident/in-service experience) evaluation and complaints from the operation and providing of information to the Authority in case of airworthiness impairment (continuing airworthiness). 21. v. ACJ 21.2 Continued Effectiveness of the Design Assurance System. 3.120.O.A239(c) Design Assurance System (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. Ensuring that each of the manuals required by applicable JAR s are checked to determine that they meet the respective requirements. 2 In the event that a Partner/Sub-contractor holds a Design Organisation Approval (D. r.SECTION 2 ACJ 21.119 and 21.A239(c) the applicant may adopt the following policy: 1 The satisfactory integration of the Partner/Sub-contractor and applicant’s Design Assurance Systems should be demonstrated for the products for which Type (or Supplemental Type) Certification is sought. 3. Providing verification to the head of the Design Organisation that all activities required for Type Investigation have been properly completed. t. In accordance with JAR 21.A239(a) (continued) JAR–21 q.). Ensuring the preparation and updating of all maintenance and operating instructions (including Services Bulletins) needed to maintain airwor thiness (continuing airwor thiness) in accordance with relevant JAR s. Approving the classification of changes in accordance with JAR 21. ACJ 21.A239(c).95(b). The Organisation should establish the means by which the continuing evaluation (system monitoring) of the Design Assurance System will be performed in order to ensure that it remains effective.O. b.91 and granting the approval for minor changes in accordance with JAR 21. w. then the applicant will need to establish to its own satisfaction and the satisfaction of the Authorities.A. the applicant may take this into account in demonstrating the effectiveness of this integrated system.5 Maintenance and Operating Instructions a. then in accordance with JAR 21.A243(a) Data Requirements (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21. ensuring that these documents are provided to all affected operators and all involved authorities.A.57. s. 3 When any Partner/Sub-contractor does not hold a D. Monitoring of significant events on other aeronautical products as far as relevant to determine their effect on airworthiness of products being designed by the Design Organisation.6.A239(c) In meeting the requirements of JAR 21.1. Advising the Authority with regard to the issue of Airworthiness Directives in general based on Service Bulletins. the adequacy of that partner’s/sub-contractor’s Design Assurance System in accordance with JAR 21. and that they are provided to the Authority for approval when necessary.61. u. with special attention being given to the manner in which the contents affect airworthiness and granting the approval on behalf of the Authority.A243(b). 21. 3.94 2–JA–5 Reissued by Change 1 .A243(a) The handbook should provide the following information for each product covered by the Design Organisation Approval. Ensuring co-operation in preparing Service Bulletins.

4(s) and (u)). reports. electronic systems etc. paragraph 3. 8 A description of the recording system for – a. 7 An outline of a system for controlling and informing the Staff of the Organisation of current changes in engineering drawings. also the chains of responsibilities within the Design Assurance System. facilities and equipment.JAR–21 ACJ 21. 5 A general description of the way in which the Organisation performs its functions in relation to the continuing airworthiness of the product it designs. and the control of the work of all partners and sub-contractors. constitute the Organisation’s Design Assurance System together with a chart indicating the functional and hierarchical relationship of the Design Assurance System to Management and to other parts of the Organisation. for ground and flight testing. supported by a brief description for each product.1.. A list of Types and Models for which the design approval has been granted and for which privileges may be exercised. part or appliance.3. the product as applicable is identified and documented. including relevant design information. 4 A general description of the way in which the Organisation performs all the design functions in relation to airworthiness including – a. according to the following classification: a.A239. including co-operation with the production organisation when dealing with any continuing airworthiness actions that are related to production of the product. b. A description of the archives policy system to comply with JAR 21. The procedures followed and forms used in the Type Investigation process to ensure that the design of. its main depar tments. (See also ACJ 21.33 and 21.A243(a) (continued) SECTION 2 1 A description of the tasks which can be performed under the approval.. drawings and test reports. and complies with the applicable airworthiness requirements.6. and where appropriate. as applicable.94 .105. 9 The means of compliance. The Type Design.35 should be listed. Nominated persons with specific responsibilities such as mentioned in JAR 21. their functions and the names of those in charge. b. small aeroplanes. General areas. turbopropeller aeroplanes. which constitutes the means for design.). like subsonic turbojet aeroplanes. taken together. The procedures for classifying design changes as “major” or “minor” and for the approval of minor changes. Technologies handled by the Organisation (composite. including inspection records of test specimens. wood or metallic construction. a description of the line management and of functional relationships between the various departments.) c. specifications and design assurance procedures. The compliance documentation (compliance check list. 11 The names of the Design Organisation authorised signatories. 6 A description of the human resources. 3 A description of assigned responsibilities and delegated author ity of all par ts of the Organisation which. production and in service in particular to comply with JAR 21. c.55 and 21. or the change to the design of. rotorcraft. b. 2 A general description of the Organisation. 10 A description of the means by which the Organisation monitors and responds to problems affecting airworthiness of its product during design. Reissued by Change 1 2–JA–6 3.

4.3 For a product.5 The responsibility for a number of tasks as in sub-paragraph 4.94 2–JA–7 Reissued by Change 1 . Workshops and production facilities which are suitable for manufacturing prototype models and test specimens.3.A243 should show that – 4. 15 A description of the means by which the continuing evaluation (system monitoring) of the Design Assurance System will be performed in order to ensure that it remains effective. They may work in conjunction with the individuals who prepare compliance documents but may not be directly involved in their creation. there is normally only one compliance verification engineer nominated for each relevant subject.A245 1 General. 14 A description of the procedures for the establishment and the control of the maintenance and operating instructions (see JAR 21. 2 Personnel. able to provide assurance of the design or modification of a product as well as the compilation and verification of all data needed to meet the applicable airworthiness requirements while taking into account the present state of the art and new experience. 21.4 of this paragraph may be assigned to one person especially in the case of simple projects. b. are.57. The data submitted in accordance with JAR 21.SECTION 2 ACJ 21.A239.A243 should show that sufficient skilled personnel are available and suitable technical and organisational provisions have been made for carrying out the Type Investigation defined by ACJ 21.61. 13 A clear definition of the tasks. 21. A procedure covers the non-availability of compliance verification engineers and their replacement when necessary. has the direct or functional responsibility for all depar tments of the Organisation which are responsible for the design of the product. it reports directly to the Head of the Design Organisation or is integrated into an independent quality assurance organisation reporting to the Head of the Design Organisation. Compliance verification engineers retain complete independence in approving documents for submission to the Office of Airworthiness. The applicant should have access to – a.4 Responsibilities for all tasks related to Type Investigations are assigned in such a way that gaps in authority are excluded. 3. The data submitted in accordance with JAR 21. The test facilities may be subjected to additional technical conditions related to the nature of tests performed.A243(a) (continued) JAR–21 12 (Reserved). 4. due to their special qualifications and number. ACJ 21. 3 Technical.A245 Requirements for Approval (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.2 An Office of Airworthiness has been established and staffed on a permanent basis to act as the focal point for co-ordinating airworthiness matters (see ACJ 21. the Head of the Design Organisation still carries the ultimate responsibility for compliance of the Organisation with JAR–21 Subpart JA.119 and 21. competence and areas of responsibility of the Office of Airworthiness.A245(a). The applicant should show that the personnel available to comply with JAR 21. 4 Organisation. Accommodation and test facilities which are suitable for carrying out tests and measurements needed to demonstrate compliance with the airworthiness requirements. If the departments responsible for design are functionally linked.A239 (a) paragraph 3. 4. 4.6.120).4). paragraph 2.1.1 The Head of the Design Organisation for which an application for approval has been made.

JAR–21

SECTION 2

ACJ 21.A249 Transferability (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.A249 Transfer of the approval would normally only be agreed in cases where the Organisation itself remains substantially unchanged. An acceptable transfer situation could be for example a change of company name (supported by the appropriate certificate from the National Companies Registration Office or equivalent) but with no changes to site address or Chief Executive. However, if the same legal entity were to relocate to new premises with a new Chief Executive and/or new departmental heads, then a substantial investigation by the Authority would be necessary such that the change would be classified as a reapproval. In the event of receivership there may be good technical justification for continuation of the approval provided that the company continues to function in a satisfactory manner. It is likely that at a later stage the approval might be surrendered by the Receiver or transferred to another legal entity in which case the former paragraphs apply. ACJ 21.A251 Terms of Approval (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.A251 1 The Terms of Approval are stated on the Certificate of Approval issued by the Authority. The certificate states the scope of work and the products or changes thereof, with the appropriate limitations for which the approval has been granted. The product should be described, giving the data as provided in the application for approval as a design organisation. 2 Approval of a change in the Terms of Approval in accordance with JAR 21.A253 will be confirmed by an appropriate amendment of the Certificate of Approval. 3 The certificate references the handbook of the approved Design Organisation, provided in accordance with JAR 21.A243. This handbook defines the tasks which may be performed under the Approval. 4 Scopes of work are, for example, “subsonic turbojet aeroplanes”, “turbopropeller aeroplanes”, “small aeroplanes”, “rotorcraft”... Technologies are quoted in the scope of work when it is considered by the Authority as a limitation for the Design Organisation Approval. ACJ 21.A257 Investigations (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.A257 Arrangements that allow the Authority to make investigations include the complete Design Organisation including partners, sub-contractors and suppliers, whether they are in the State of the applicant or not, assisting and co-operating with the Authority in performing inspections and audits conducted during initial assessment and subsequent surveillance. Assistance to the Authority includes all appropriate means associated with the facilities of the Design Organisation to allow the Authority to perform these inspections and audits, such as a meeting room and office support. ACJ 21.A263(b)(2), (b)(3) and (b)(5) Privileges (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21.A263(b)(2), (b)(3) and (b)(5) 1 The information or instructions issued without prior verification by the Authority under the privileges of JAR 21.A263(b)(2), (b)(3) and (b)(5) by the holder of a Design Organisation Approval

Reissued by Change 1

2–JA–8

3.6.94

SECTION 2
ACJ 21.263(b)(2), (b)(3) and (b)(5) (continued)

JAR–21

should contain the following statements, with regard to the status of the approval of the information or instructions themselves and of the change covered. WORDING OF THE STATEMENTS

With regard to the approval of the change. Information or instructions covering a major change (JAR 21.A263(b)(3)). These information or instructions relate to change no. XXXX which has been approved by the Authority.

With regard to the approval of the information or instructions. The technical information contained in this document has been approved under the authority of JAA Design Organisation Approval no. YYY. (Same as above.)

Information or instructions covering a minor change (JAR 21.A263(b)(2)).

These information or instructions relate to change no. XXXX which has been approved under the authority of JAA Design Organisation Approval no. YYY. N/A

Other (JAR 21.A263(b)(5)).

(Same as above.)

2 These information or instructions may be issued in a format of a Service Bulletin as defined in ATA 100 system. ACJ 21.A265(a) Administration of the Handbook (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21.A265(a) 1 The Handbook of the Applicant should be in the language which will permit the best use of it by all personnel charged with the tasks performed for the purpose of the Design Organisation. The Applicant may be requested to provide an English translation of the handbook and other supporting documents as necessary for the investigation. 2 The Handbook should be produced in a concise form with sufficient information to meet JAR 21.A243 relevant to the scope of approval sought by the applicant. The Handbook should include the following: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Organisation name, address, telephone, telex and facsimile numbers. Document title, and company document reference No (if any). Amendment or revision standard identification for the document. Amendment or revision record sheet. List of effective pages with revision/date/amendment identification for each page. Contents list or index. A distribution list for the Handbook.

h. An introduction, or foreword, explaining the purpose of the document for the guidance of the organisation’s own personnel. Brief general information concerning the history and development of the organisation and, if appropriate, relationships with other organisations which may form part of a group or consortium, should be included to provide background information for the JAA.

3.6.94

2–JA–9

Reissued by Change 1

JAR–21
ACJ 21.A265(a) (continued)

SECTION 2

i. j.

The Certificate of Approval should be reproduced in the document. Identification of the department responsible for administration of the Handbook.

NOTE: In the case of an initial or revised approval it is recognised that certificate will be issued after JAA agreement to the Handbook content in draft form. Arrangements for formal publication in a timely manner must be agreed before the Certificate of Approval is issued.

3 An updating system should be clearly laid down for carrying out required amendments and modifications to the handbook. 4 The handbook may be completely or partially integrated into the quality assurance handbooks of the organisation to be approved. In this case, identification of the information required by JAR 21.A243 should be provided by giving appropriate cross references, and these documents should be made available, on request, to the Authority. ACJ 21A265(b) Use of the Handbook (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.A265(b) 1 The handbook should be signed by the Chief Executive and the Head of the Design Organisation and declared as a binding instruction for all personnel charged with the development and type investigation of products. 2 All procedures referenced in the handbook are considered as parts of the handbook and therefore as basic working documents.

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

Reissued by Change 1

2–JA–10

3.6.94

SECTION 2

JAR–21

ACJ – SUBPART JB

ACJ 21.B231 Applicability (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.B231 The JAR–21 describes procedures for approval of products and of parts and appliances. It has been considered that the approval of organisations will enhance the quality of the work done for approval of products and of parts and appliances. For Design Organisation approval, two categories are defined – 1 2 JA : Type Certification or Supplemental Type Certification JB : Design of parts and appliances

1 Type Certification or Supplemental Type Certification – Category JA. For Type Certification, Supplemental Type Certification, and for JTSO Authorisation for articles listed in Appendix C, the applicant has specific responsibility with regard to the demonstration of compliance with applicable requirements and for that has direct relationship with the Authority. A Design Organisation Approval gives privileges in the accomplishment of activities required by JAR–21 for TC, STC and for JTSO Authorisation for articles listed in Appendix C. 2 Design of Parts and Appliances – Category JB. Due to the complexity of technology and design activities in the aeronautic field, organisations are very often oriented to a specific kind of activities and form consortia to build complete aircraft. It has been considered as useful to give Design Organisation Approvals to such organisations to simplify the overall Design Organisation Approval. A JB Design Organisation Approval is indeed the recognition of a capability to design a part or appliance under a general Design Assurance system. When this recognition has been done and is continuously surveyed by the Authority, it is not necessary to re-assess completely an organisation when included in a consortium or other industrial relationship. The integration in the system only may be checked under the Design Organisation Approval of the TC applicant. This can be considered as an advantage to avoid duplication of work in the field of Design Organisation Approvals for both the applicant and the Authority.

ACJ 21.B233 Eligibility (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.B233 The Authority will normally agree that the following organisations are appropriate for approval under this Subpart JB – a. Organisations having a major share of the design responsibility for a project.

b. Organisations having competence to show compliance with requirements in an area of specialised technology e.g. control computers, software. c. 1 – – Organisations having competence to show compliance with requirements applicable to – Major parts of a product such as – landing gear major systems

3.6.94

2–JB–1

Reissued by Change 1

1 Planned and Systematic Actions. NOTE: Liaison with the Authority regarding Type Investigation requires the prior agreement of the TC or STC applicant/ holder. 2.1 General a. 2 Definitions 2.B239(a) 1 Purpose.1 The Design Assurance System is the organisational structure. To issue or. procedures and resources to ensure the proper functioning of the Design Organisation. To design parts or appliances in accordance with the applicable airworthiness requirements. 2 How these actions are regularly evaluated and corrective actions implemented as necessary. from the very beginning of design activities up to continued airworthiness activities.B239(a) Design Assurance System (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.B239(a). to be subcontracted to the Organisation by various JA Organisations. in particular that the part or appliance complies with applicable airworthiness requirements and will continue to comply after any change.94 . is too little to justify the Authority workload required to investigate the Organisations. responsibilities. the planned and systematic actions should cover the following tasks and procedures should be defined accordingly. and To make statements to the TC or STC applicant/holder. Effective Design Assurance demands a continuing evaluation of factors that affect the adequacy of the design for intended applications.B243.6.3 The “Type Investigation” means the tasks of the Organisation in suppor t of the Type Certificate or Supplemental Type Certificate necessary to assist in showing and verifying and in maintaining compliance with the applicable airworthiness requirements. Two main aspects should therefore be considered – 1 How the planned and systematic actions are defined and implemented. Reissued by Change 1 2–JB–2 3. supplement or amend the Handbook in accordance with JAR 21. To assist in showing and verifying the compliance with these requirements. For Design Organisations supporting Type Investigation. This ACJ outlines some basic principles and objectives in order to comply with JAR 21. ACJ 21. 3.B233 (continued) SECTION 2 – 2 – – engine compressor module Major items of equipment such as – crew rest containers galleys The Authority may not agree such an approval would be appropriate. c. 3.2 The Design Assurance is defined as all those planned and systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that the organisation has the capability – a. where it finds the total amount of work (of showing compliance). 3 Design Assurance. 2. b. where applicable.1.JAR–21 ACJ 21.

He ensures that the procedures as specified in the handbook have been followed. To nominate individuals responsible for making statements to the TC or STC applicant/holder. c. e. i.) Ensuring co-operation in preparing test programmes needed for demonstration of compliance. Co-operation with the TC or STC applicant/holder in developing procedures to be used for the Type Certification process.B239(a) (continued) JAR–21 b. l.) g. (See also ACJ 21.1. Advising of all departments of the design organisation in all questions regarding airworthiness and certification.) n. (Reserved.2 above meet the applicable airworthiness requirements. d. m. Interpretation of airworthiness requirements and requesting decisions of the TC or STC applicant/ holder in case of doubt.3 3.4 a. Co-operation in issuing guidelines for the preparation of the manuals required by the applicable JARs. Co-operating with the TC or STC applicant/holder in proposing the type certification basis including Special Conditions. (Reserved. To ensure full and complete liaison between the Type Design Organisation and related organisations having responsibility for parts or appliances manufactured to the Type Certificate. (Reserved. c. To assure that all instructions of the Handbook are adhered to.) 3. Checking that all statements are prepared as necessar y to show compliance with airworthiness requirements. and standards.) Ensuring that handbook is prepared and updated as required in JAR 21. b. To provide the assurance to the TC or STC applicant/holder that prototype models and test specimens adequately conform to the type design (see JAR 21. Service Bulletins.6.4. d.1. e. The Head of the Design Organisation is responsible to ensure that the statements made as defined in paragraph 2. Preparation of the Type Investigation programme and co-ordination of its tasks related to Type Investigation in support of the TC or STC applicant/holder. (Reserved. To support Type Investigation. h. f.) Office of Airworthiness (Reserved. f. 3. Ensuring procurement and distribution of applicable airworthiness requirements and other specifications. 3. j.B265(b). specifications. g.SECTION 2 ACJ 21.33(c)(2)).1. To nominate personnel belonging to the Office of Airworthiness responsible as defined in paragraph 3. drawings.B243.2 Head of Design Organisation (or his Deputy). k.94 2–JB–3 Reissued by Change 1 . Issuing of guidelines for documenting compliance. h.1.

) (Reserved. The Organisation should establish the means by which the continuing evaluation (system monitoring) of the Design Assurance System will be performed in order to ensure that it remains effective. 3. (Reserved. electronic systems etc. Ensuring the initiation of activities as a response to failure (accident/incident/in-service experience) evaluation and complaints from the operation and providing of information to the TC or STC applicant/ holder in case of airworthiness impairment (continuing airworthiness). Technologies handled by the Organisation (composite.94 . like wings. a description of the line management and of functional relationships between the various departments. Supporting the TC or STC applicant/holder in the preparation and updating of all maintenance and operating instructions (including Services Bulletins) needed to maintain airworthiness (Continuing airworthiness) in accordance with relevant JAR s. Monitoring of significant events on other aeronautical products as far as relevant to determine their effect on airworthiness of parts or appliances being designed by the Design Organisation.1. (Reserved.6. p. (Reserved. their functions and the names of those in charge. Providing verification to the Head of the Design Organisation that all activities to support Type Investigation have been properly completed. r. v. (Reserved. with special attention being given to the manner in which the contents affect airworthiness.B243(a) The handbook should provide the following information – 1 A description of the tasks which can be performed under the approval.).B239(a) (continued) SECTION 2 o. engine turbines.JAR–21 ACJ 21. b.) 3. 3 A description of assigned responsibilities and delegated authority of all parts of the Organisation Reissued by Change 1 2–JB–4 3.2 Continued Effectiveness of the Design Assurance System.) 2 A general description of the Organisation.B243(a) Data requirements (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21. Ensuring that each of the manuals required by applicable JARs are checked to determine that they meet the respective requirements. t.) w. u. undercarriage. b. wood or metallic construction. fuselages.5 Maintenance and Operating Instructions a. its main depar tments.) s. (Reserved. ACJ 21. General areas. c. according to the following classification: a.) q. Ensuring co-operation in preparing Service Bulletins.

12 (Reserved. facilities and equipment. The data submitted in accordance with JAR 21.6.35 should be listed. (Reserved.B245 Requirements for Approval (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. 4 A general description of the way in which the Organisation performs all the design functions in relation to airworthiness including – a. sub-paragraph 2. competence and areas of responsibility of the Office of Airworthiness. 2 Personnel. able to provide assurance of the design or modification of a part or appliance as well as the compilation of all data needed to meet the applicable airworthiness requirements while taking into account the present state of the art and new experience. and where appropriate.) 13 A clear definition of the tasks. 6 A description of the human resources.) 15 A description of the means by which the continuing evaluation (system monitoring) of the Design Assurance System will be performed in order to ensure that it remains effective.A239. as applicable. including co-operation with the production organisation when dealing with any continuing airworthiness actions that are related to production of the product.SECTION 2 ACJ 21.B245(a). parts or appliances. part or appliance. 8 9 10 (Reserved. (Reserved.) 5 A general description of the way in which the Organisation performs its functions in relation to the continuing airworthiness of a part or appliance it designs. b. as applicable is identified and documented.B245 1 General. are. or the change to the design of. taken together. due to their special qualifications and number. 3 Technical. The applicant should have access to – 3. ACJ 21. for ground and flight testing.3. also the chains of responsibilities within the Design Assurance System.33 and 21. 14 (Reserved.B243(a) (continued) JAR–21 which. which constitutes the means for design. 7 An outline of a system for controlling and informing the Staff of the Organisation of current changes in engineering drawings.) A description of the archives policy system. specifications and design assurance procedures. The applicant should show that the personnel available to comply with JAR 21. and complies with the product designer’s specification (which shall cover applicable airworthiness requirements).B243 should show that sufficient skilled personnel are available and suitable technical and organisational provisions have been made for supporting the Type Investigation defined by ACJ 21. The procedures followed and forms used in the Type Investigation process to ensure that the design of.94 2–JB–5 Reissued by Change 1 . constitute the Organisation’s Design Assurance System together with a chart indicating the functional and hierarchical relationship of the Design Assurance System to Management and to other parts of the Organisation.) 11 The names of the Design Organisation authorised signatories. Nominated persons with specific responsibilities such as mentioned in JAR 21.

4 Responsibilities for all tasks which support Type Investigation are assigned in such a way that gaps in authority are excluded.1 The Head of the Design Organisation for which an application for approval has been made. 4.2 An Office of Airworthiness has been established and staffed on a permanent basis to act as the focal point for co-ordinating airworthiness matters (see ACJ 21. b.6. However.94 . Accommodation and test facilities which are suitable for carrying out tests and measurements needed to demonstrate compliance with the airworthiness requirements.5 The responsibility for a number of tasks as in sub-paragraph 4. In the event of receivership there may be good technical justification for continuation of the approval provided that the company continues to function in a satisfactory manner.B251 Terms of Approval (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. Reissued by Change 1 2–JB–6 3. The certificate states the scope of work with the appropriate limitations for which the approval has been granted. The test facilities may be subjected to additional technical conditions related to the nature of tests performed.B243 should show that – 4.B249 Transferability (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. It is likely that at a later stage the approval might be surrendered by the receiver or transferred to another legal entity in which case the former paragraphs apply. then a substantial investigation by the Authority would be necessary such that the change would be classified as a reapproval. Workshops and production facilities which are suitable for manufacturing prototype models and test specimens.4). has the direct or functional responsibility for all depar tments of the Organisation which are responsible for the part or appliance. If the departments responsible for design are functionally linked. ACJ 21.) 4. 4.B245 (continued) SECTION 2 a.B249 Transfer of the approval would normally only be agreed in cases where the Organisation itself remains substantially unchanged. The data submitted in accordance with JAR 21. it reports directly to the Head of the Design Organisation or is integrated into an independent quality assurance organisation reporting to the Head of the Design Organisation. An acceptable transfer situation could be for example a change of company name (supported by the appropriate certificate from the National Companies Registration Office or equivalent) but with no changes to site address or Chief Executive.3 (Reserved.1. if the same legal entity were to relocate to new premises with a new Chief Executive and/or new departmental heads.JAR–21 ACJ 21.B239 paragraph 3.4 may be assigned to one person especially in the case of simple projects. 4 Organisation. the Head of the Design Organisation still carries the ultimate responsibility for compliance of the Organisation with JAR–21 Subpart JB.B251 1 The Terms of Approval are stated on the Certificate of Approval issued by the Authority. 4. ACJ 21.

6. Contents list or index. NOTE: In the case of an initial or revised approval it is recognised that certificate will be issued after JAA agreement to the Handbook content in draft form. Amendment or revision record sheet. “undercarriages” “engine turbines”.B265(a) 1 The Handbook of the Applicant should be in the language which will permit the best use of it by all personnel charged with the tasks performed for the purpose of the Design Organisation. h. List of effective pages with revision/date/amendment identification for each page.B243. Identification of the department responsible for administration of the Handbook. should be included to provide background information for the JAA. to the Authority. telex and facsimile numbers. Brief general information concerning the history and development of the organisation and. e. identification of the information required by JAR 21. 2 The Handbook should be produced in a concise form with sufficient information to meet JAR 21. Document title. j. i. d.B243 should be provided by giving appropriate cross references. if appropriate. address. 3 The certificate references the handbook of the approved Design Organisation. on request. Organisation name. In this case. Amendment or revision standard identification for the document. c. and company document reference No (if any). 4 The handbook may be completely or partially integrated into the quality assurance handbooks of the organisation to be approved.94 2–JB–7 Reissued by Change 1 . b. for example. A distribution list for the Handbook. explaining the purpose of the document for the guidance of the organisation’s own personnel. 3 An updating system should be clearly laid down for carrying out required amendments and modifications to the handbook.B253 will be confirmed by an appropriate amendment of the Certificate of Approval. telephone.B243 relevant to the scope of approval sought by the applicant. “wings” “fuselages”. Technologies are quoted in the scope of work when it is considered by the Authority as a limitation for the Design Organisation Approval. relationships with other organisations which may form part of a group or consortium. The Applicant may be requested to provide an English translation of the handbook and other supporting documents as necessary for the investigation. Arrangements for formal publication in a timely manner must be agreed before the certificate of approval is issued. f. or foreword.SECTION 2 JAR 21. 4 Scopes of work are. and these documents should be made available. ACJ 21.B265(a) Administration of the Handbook (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21. The JAA Certificate of Approval should be reproduced in the document. provided in accordance with JAR 21. The Handbook should include the following: a. This handbook defines the tasks which may be performed under the approval. g. An introduction.B251 (continued) JAR–21 2 Approval of a change in the Terms of Approval in accordance with JAR 21. 3.

JAR–21 SECTION 2 ACJ 21. INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Reissued by Change 1 2–JB–8 3.6.B265(b) 1 The handbook should be signed by the Chief Executive and the Head of the Design Organisation and declared as a binding instruction for all personnel charged with the development and type investigation of products. 2 All procedures referenced in the handbook are considered as parts of the handbook and therefore as basic working documents.94 .B265(b) Use of the Handbook (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.

are identical and can be found in JAR–21 Subpart H. parts and appliances first type certificated or approved by a NonJAA Authority. wherever the aircraft comes from. Type Certification or Approval Major Change Minor Change Non-JAA applicant TC Holder Subpart N Other person JAA applicant Non-JAA applicant TC Holder Other person JAA applicant Subpart E Sub-Subpart Sub-Subpart N–D N–E Sub-Subpart Sub-Subpart N–D N–D Subpart D 3 Issue of Certificates of Airwo rthiness Individual Aircraft Produced in JAA country Non-JAA country Subpart H Subpart H and Subpart N–H Subpart H Subpart H and Subpart N–H New Used The applicant for a Certificate of Airworthiness in a JAA State is always a “JAA applicant”. The administrative requirements for the applicant. Type Certification or Approval Major Change Non-JAA applicant Minor Change Non-JAA applicant JAA applicant JAR–21 except Subpart N TC Holder Other person JAA applicant Sub-Subpart N–E Subpart D Subpart E Subpart D Sub-subpart N–D 2 Design of Products. Those requirements that are of interest for a person exporting an aircraft from a non-JAA country.1. 1 Design of Products. parts and appliances first type certificated or approved by a JA A Authority.SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ – SUBPART N ACJ 21N1(c) Applicability (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N1(c) The applicability of Subpart N of JAR–21 and of all other Subparts are illustrated by the following tables (Subpart N is self-contained.97 2–N–1 Change 1 . can be found in Sub-Subpart N–H. 28. including its definitions and ACJs).

Bilateral agreements are high level government to government agreements confirming that our general experience and knowledge of the exporting authority system are satisfactory and sufficient to permit to accept statements issued by the exporting authority. that are applied by the Exporting Authority (see Note 1). Requirements contained in Subpart N are based on the assumption that the Arrangement will make clear. c. which implies an independent quality system within the organisation. the system of the exporting Authority should include the same independent level of checking of compliance.g. the case of country in which there is only one manufacturer manufacturing only one product).97 . either through an equivalent system of approvals of organisations or through a more substantial involvement of the Authority. Details of this Arrangement may be further developed during the course of the investigation. covering all aspects of approvals to be granted (including example STCs) and adapted to the various products to which these approvals may be granted. changes. 2 the procedures that will be used by the Exporting Authority to confirm a declaration of compliance with applicable JAA requirements. Arrangements shall therefore respect the general clauses of the bilateral agreement but will be more detailed procedures. Such bilateral agreements cannot be altered by arrangements set up according to Subpart N.JAR–21 SECTION 2 ACJ 21N5 Commmencement of an Investigation (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N5 a. on a legal basis. as applicable: 1 the requirements. In the JAR–21 system. repairs etc .17(c) and (d). primarily by an approval of production organisations. and should take account of the mutual experience of the JAA and the Exporting Authority and of existing Bilateral Agreements or other existing Arrangements between Authorities. approval or Authorisation issued by the JAA. In the case of major manufacturing countries the Arrangement could of course cover all classes of products and all activities (design. the confidence in the showing of compliance by a JAA applicant is established: – For design. production. STCs. “Relevant to the product” and “adapted to the various products” should be understood as follows: the scope of the Arrangements could be tailored to one specific product when appropriate (e. which are lower level texts. Change 1 2–N–2 28. and the Authority team’s inspections permitting to accept the declaration of compliance from the applicant. The Arrangement needs to be relevant to the product.. corresponding to those in JAR 21. – For production.1.. 3 the procedures that will be used to enable the JAA to be satisfied that a minor change can be approved as complying with the applicable JARs (this should cover the cases where the applicant for the change is not the type certificate holder). As a consequence. They can take the form of implementation procedures of the bilateral agreement.) b. issued by an applicant for a certificate. by an approval of design organisations and for each product by a certification process which involves an Authority team. the approval of design organisation implying an independent design assurance system within the organisation.

21. are quoted below. 21.105 Recordkeeping For each change. (d) In a case where a Type Certificate has not been issued. drawings and test reports. JAR 21. including specific procedures for JTSO articles listed in Appendix C (see Note 3). NOTE 2: JAR 21. necessary to cover the changes introduced under the Supplemental Type Certificate.17(c) and (d). 21. as issued in Change 1. shall be held by the applicant at the disposal of the Authority and shall be retained in order to provide the information necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the changed product.119. the ones where the applicant is not from the country of the Type Certificate holder). JAR 21. 7 the procedures that will be used to enable the JAA to be satisfied that individual products. maintain and update master copies of variations in the manuals required by the applicable JAR type certification requirements for the product.165(e) and 21. 21.SECTION 2 ACJ 21N5 (continued) JAR–21 4 the procedures that will be used to confirm a declaration of compliance with applicable Joint Aviation Requirements in respect of a major change (this should cover the cases where the applicant for the change is not the Type Certificate holder. or it is clear that a Type Certificate will not be issued. shall be held by the Type Certificate holder at the disposal of the Authority and shall be retained in order to provide the information necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the product. including inspection records for the changed product tested. parts and appliances conform to the type design approved by the JAA. and testing. 9 the means by which relevant responsibilities under ICAO are discharged in the Exporting Country. JAR 21.105. 21. unless an applicant shows at the time of application that his product requires a longer period of time for design development. 21.126(b)(6). and also. 21. are quoted below. and furnish copies of these manuals to the Authority on request. to be selected by the applicant.613. within the limit established under subparagraph (c) of this paragraph. 28. 21.55.119. 6 the requirements corresponding to JAR 21. NOTE 1: JAR 21. (c) An application for type certification of an aircraft in accordance with JAR–25 or JAR–29.119 Manuals The holder of a Supplemental Type Certificate shall produce. the applicant may– (1) F i l e a n ew a p p l i c a t i o n fo r a t y p e c e r t i f i c a t e a n d c o m p l y w i t h a l l t h e p r ov i s i o n s o f subparagraph (a) of this paragraph applicable to an original application.1. 8 the procedures that will be used to enable the JAA to be satisfied that JTSO articles comply with the technical conditions of the applicable JTSO. or (2) File for an extension of the original application and comply with the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements that were effective on a date. all relevant design information. 5 the procedures that will be used to confirm a declaration of compliance with applicable Joint Aviation Requirements in respect of a major repair.55 Recordkeeping All relevant design information.126(b)(6). including inspection records for the product tested. and the Authority approves a longer period.97 2–N–3 Change 1 . as issued on 3 June 1994.55.105.165(e) and 21.613 that are applied by the Exporting Authority (see Note 2). drawings and test reports. among these cases. not earlier than the date which precedes the date of issue of the Type Cer tificate by the time limit established under subparagraph (c) of this paragraph for the original application. is effective for five years and an application for any other Type Certificate is effective for three years.

JAR 21.3(b)(2). and investigate with the holder of the Type Certificate or Design Approval to identify those deviations which could lead to an unsafe condition. and the applicant is the holder of or applicant for the primary Type Certificate. NOTE 3: JAR 21.125(a). report also to that other organisation. (2) Report to the Authority. an appropriate Design Organisation Approval under Subpart JA. as issued in Change 1.. as issued in Change 1.602(b). and are held at the disposal of the Authority and retained by the manufacturer in order to provide the information necessar y to ensure the continued airworthiness of the product. shall be held at the disposal of the Authority and shall be retained in order to provide the information necessary to ensure the continued airworthiness of the article and of the type certificated product in which it is fitted. drawings and test reports. JAR–APU is considered to be a JTSO and includes qualitative design requirements to significance of airworthiness..126 (b) – (.165 Responsibility of Holder The holder of a Production Organisation Approval shall – (. all cases where products..97 . requires the following for JTSO applicants in a JAA country.613 Recordkeeping (applicable to JTSO Authorisation holders) Further to the recordkeeping requirements appropriate to or associated with the quality system. Such reports must be made in a form and manner acceptable to the Authority according to JAR 21.). including inspection records for the article tested. JAR 21.JAR–21 SECTION 2 JAR 21. (3) Where the Production Organisation holder is acting as a supplier to another production organisation. parts or appliances have been released by the production organisation and subsequently identified to have deviations from the applicable design data. must also be such as to ensure that (6) Records produced under the production inspection system are maintained. identified with the completed product or part where practible.. Production inspection system The production inspection system required by JAR 21. the deviations identified according to subparagraph (e)(1) of this paragraph.1.) (e) (1) Report to the holder of the Type Certificate or Design Approval. all relevant design information. or the one to whom the primary Type Certificate has been transferred. According to JAR–21 Appendix C. ACJ 21N13(b) Original Type Certificate (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N13(b) “Original” means that the Exporting Authority is the primary certificating Authority. Change 1 2–N–4 28. (b) Applicants seeking a JTSO Authorisation for an article under a JTSO that the Authority has determined includes qualitative design requirements of significance to airworthiness (see Appendix C to JAR–21) must hold or have applied for.

17(c) and (d). Normally this will also be the Joint Aviation Requirements that were effective on the date on which the application for original Type Certification was made. Some aircraft damage may be associated with a failure condition. Based on comments relative to the risk of wide interpretation. or 28. and testing.11) to justify the basis for an Airworthiness Directive. in JAR 1) of “unsafe conditions” therefore the dictionary definition applies. during flight or upon landing. is effective for five years and an application for any other Type Certificate is effective for three years. development. and the Authority approves a longer period.SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ 21N16 Special Conditions (Interpretative Material) JAR 21N16 JAR 21N16 introduces 3 categories of Special Conditions: 1 2 3 novel and unusual design features. ACJ 21N17(a) Designation of Applicable Requirements (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21N17(a) Unless application for a JAA Type Certificate is made on the same date as the application to the nonJAA Authority making the original Type Investigation.e.1309. Introduction of the third category has been widely debated during JAR 21 development. For large aeroplanes according to AMJ 25. NOTE: JAR 21.1. – “Unsafe conditions” embrace the viability to ensure “continued safe flight and landing” .97 2–N–5 Change 1 . but without requiring exceptional pilot skill or strength. that means the capability for continued controlled flight and landing. NPA(s) under discussion can only be notified as part of the certification basis if they qualify as Special Conditions. This clearly indicates that the words “unsafe conditions” have to be strictly interpreted. The JAA may subsequently prescribe Joint Aviation Requirements that are effective on another date if it finds that provisions equivalent to JAR 21. as issued on 3 June 1994. possibly using emergency procedures. The third category has even been withdrawn from Draft 4. However. the applicant may – (1) File a new application for a type certificate and comply with all the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph applicable to an original application. service experience has shown that unsafe conditions may exist. the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements will be specified by the JAA in accordance with JAR 21N17(a)(1)(i). unless an applicant shows at the time of the application that this product requires a longer period of time for design. are quoted below: (c) An application for type certification of an aircraft in accordance with JAR–25 or JAR–29. (d) In a case where a Type Certificate has not been issued. There is no regulatory definition (i. within the time limit established under sub-paragraph (c) of this paragraph.17(c) and (d) have not been applied by the Exporting Authority. the need for a Special Condition based on in-service experience should be judged by using the following points as benchmarks: – The words “unsafe conditions” are used in FAR Part 39 (See Sections 39.1 and 39. unconventional use of product. or it is clear that a Type Certificate will not be issued. the wording relative to the third category has been tightened between Draft 2 and Draft 3.

Change 1 2–N–6 28.97 . ACJ 21N21(c) Applicable Requirements (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N21(c) The product may be shown to meet the applicable requirements directly. with the agreement of the JAA. not earlier than the date which precedes the date of issue of the Type Certificate by the time limit established under subparagraph (c) of this paragraph for the original application. together with such other requirements as the JAA may prescribe in order to provide a level of safety equivalent to that provided by the applicable requirements as designated in JAR 21N17. but the list of affected type design requirement paragraphs for which a new demonstration is necessary together with the means (calculation. or. ACJ 21N101 Designation of Applicable Requirements (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N101 “Unless otherwise specified by the JAA” will normally be used to notify the applicable JAR effective at the date of the application to the Exporting Authority for the original approval of the change. ACJ 21N303 Compliance with requirements (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N303 Imported parts and appliances that have not been designed by the Type Certificate holder may be approved under Sub-Subparts N–D and N–F/G if they correspond to a minor change. ACJ 21N93(b) Major Changes: Application (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N93(b) Identification of reinvestigations necessary to show compliance does not mean the showing of compliance itself. may be shown to meet the applicable airworthiness requirements prescribed by the Authority making the original Type Certification. and under Sub–Subparts N–E and N–F/G if they correspond to a major change. test or analysis) by which it is proposed to show compliance.JAR–21 ACJ 21N17(a) (continued) SECTION 2 (2) File for an extension of the original application and comply with the applicable Joint Aviation Requirements that were effective on a date to be selected by the applicant.1.

.97 2–N–7 Change 1 . d........... and Manufacturer’s design specification.. ISSUE No....... Modification Standard Master drawing record Weight and overall dimensions............ Reference to qualification test report.................... intermittent) or duty cycle Limits of accuracy of measuring instruments Whether the equipment is “flameproof” (explosion-proof) Whether the equipment is “fire-resistant” The compass safe distance Level of radio interference Radio and audio frequency susceptibility Degree of vibration which the equipment will withstand 28.... ...................... 3 Specification reference. g....... Service and Instruction Manual reference number..... Statement of compliance with appropriate JAR–TSO and any deviations therefrom 4 5 6 7 8 9 A statement of the level of achievement with JAR–TSO in respect of the ability of the article to withstand various ambient conditions or to exhibit various properties. The following are examples of information to be given under this heading depending on the nature of the article and the requirements of the JAR–TSO: a... i..g.e.... b. h..... e... f.. continuous. ........ j....SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ 21N608 Declaration of Design and Performance (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21N608 STANDARD FORM DDP No. 1 2 Name and address of manufacturer. The rated performance of the article directly or by reference to other documents....... Description and identification of article including: Type No ....1.......... c.... JAR TSO No......... Working and ultimate pressure or loads Limitations of voltage and frequency Time rating (e. k....... Particulars of approval held for the equipment.....

.. p...JAR–21 ACJ 21N608 (continued) SECTION 2 l.... in cases where the organisation of the holder remains substantially unchanged.......... o............1....................... (NOTE: Software levels are those defined in the current issue of EUROCAE ED – 12B/RTCA document DO–178B).......................... if the same legal entity were to relocate to new premises with a new Chief Executive and/or new departmental heads.......... (Manufacturer’s authorised representative) ACJ 21N621 Transferability and Duration (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N621 For a change in ownership of the holder..............(name of manufacturer) (Manufacturer’s name) cannot accept responsibility for equipment used outside the limiting conditions stated above without their agreement)... n............. 11 The declaration in the document is made under the authority of: .. m..... Degree of acceleration and shock which the equipment will withstand Degree of waterproofness or sealing of equipment Ability to withstand sand and dust Ability to resist salt spray and aircraft fluids Fungus resistance Temperature and altitude category Humidity category s...... However..... Change 1 2–N–8 28.. restrictions in mounting attitude (NOTE: The “categories” referred to are those listed in the current issue of EUROCAE ED – 14/RTCA document DO–160)................ Date .g....................... transfer of the JTSO Authorisation would normally only be agreed by the JAA......... Any other known limitations which may limit the application in the aircraft e..... then a substantial investigation should be made in accordance with the Arrangement set up under JAR 21N5........................... 10 A statement of criticality of software.......... upon recommendations of the Expor ting Authority.. r. Signed ...................97 .. An acceptable transfer situation could be for example a change of company name (supported by the appropriate certificate from the National Companies Registration Office or equivalent) but with no changes to site address or of Chief Executive. q...................

i.... The following are examples of information to be given under this heading depending on the nature of the article and the requirements of the JAR-TSO......e..... Time rating (e... Statement of compliance with appropriate JAR-TSO and any deviations therefrom.608 Declaration of Design and Performance (Acceptable Means of Compliance) See JAR 21.... Limits of accuracy of measuring instruments......... ISSUE No.......g..... The compass safe distance.... 9 A statement of the level of compliance with the JAR-TSO in respect of the ability of the article to withstand various ambient conditions or to exhibit various properties....... JAR-TSO No....... 1 2 Name and address of manufacturer.... and Manufacturer’s design specification.. Whether the equipment is “fire-resistant”.... a........ Working and ultimate pressure or loads.... .. The rated performance of the article directly or by reference to other documents.. Description and identification of article including: – Type No ........... Limitations of voltage and frequency.......... g.............. c...SECTION 2 JAR–21 ACJ – SUBPART O ACJ 21.........608 STANDARD FORM DDP No. Service and Instruction Manual reference number.. Reference to qualification test report......6......... continuous....... Particulars of approvals held for the equipment.. f. b.. 3.... e. ....94 2–O–1 Reissued by Change 1 .... Whether the equipment is “flameproof” (explosion-proof).. d. intermittent) or duty cycle... Modification Standard Master drawing record Weight and overall dimensions 3 4 5 6 7 8 Specification reference.

... Temperature and altitude category.......... Signed . r. (Manufacturer’s authorised representative) Change 1 2–O–2 28. l.... n...... restrictions in mounting attitude.. Ability to withstand sand and dust................ j. 10 A statement of criticality of software...........(name of manufacturer) (Manufacturer’s name) cannot accept responsibility for equipment used outside the limiting conditions stated above without their agreement. Degree of acceleration and shock which the equipment will withstand............JAR–21 SECTION 2 h...) 11 The declaration in this document is made under the authority of ................... p... q............................ (NOTE: The “categories” referred to are those listed in the current issue of EUROCAE ED–14/RTCA document DO–160)....... Fungus resistance... o...... Degree of waterproofness or sealing of equipment.... m.......... Degree of vibration which the equipment will withstand......1.............................................. k..... Level of radio interference.......... s. Humidity category...........g....................97 .......... Date: . Any other known limitations which may limit the application in the aircraft e... (NOTE: Software levels are those defined in the current issue of EUROCAE ED–12B/RTCA document DO–178B.. Ability to resist salt spray and aircraft fluids..... Radio and audio frequency susceptibility......

Amendment 21/98/1 consists of the following:– NPA 21–12 NPA 21–14 This Amendment 21/98/1 will be incorporated into Change 2 to JAR–21 at a future date. The orange pages should be inserted between the text pages of JAR–21 in the positions indicated below. The orange pages to be inserted into JAR–21 (at Change 1) are:– Section 1 (OP) C–6/C–7 (OP) 1–0–2/1–A–1 (OP) 1–A–4/1–B–1 (OP) 1–B–2/1–B–3 (OP) 1–D–2/1–E–1 (OP) 1–E–2/1–F–1 (OP) 1–F–2/1–F–3 (OP) 1–G–2/1–G–3 (OP) 1–G–4/1–H–1 (OP) 1–H–2/1–JA–1 (OP) 1–JA–2/1–JA–3 (OP) 1–JA–4/1–JB–1 (OP) 1–JB–2/1–K–1 (OP) 1–K–2/1–L–1 (OP) 1–M–2/1–N–1 (OP) 1–N–2/1–N–3 (OP) 1–N–4/1–N–5 (OP) 1–N–10/1–N–11 (OP) 1–N–14/1–N–15 (OP) 1–N–16/1–O–1 (OP) 1–O–4/1–P–1 (OP) 1–P–2/1–Q–1 between pages C–6/C–7 between pages 1–0–2/1–A–1 between pages 1–A–4/1–B–1 between pages 1–B–2/1–B–3 between pages 1–D–2/1–E–1 between pages 1–E–2/1–F–1 between pages 1–F–2/1–F–3 between pages 1–G–2/1–G–3 between pages 1–G–4/1–H–1 between pages 1–H–2/1–JA–1 between pages 1–JA–2/1–JA–3 between pages 1–JA–4/1–JB–1 between pages 1–JB–2/1–K–1 between pages 1–K–2/1–L–1 between pages 1–M–2/1–N–1 between pages 1–N–2/1–N–3 between pages 1–N–4/1–N–5 between pages 1–N–10/1–N–11 between pages 1–N–14/1–N–15 between pages 1–N–16/1–O–1 between pages 1–O–4/1–P–1 between pages 1–P–2/1–Q–1 Section 2 (OP) 2–A–2/2–B–1 (OP) 2–B–2/2–D–1 (OP) 2–D–2/2–F–1. Each of the pages of this Amendment has been given a number prefixed by ‘(OP)’.JAR–21 JOINT AVIATION REQUIREMENTS JAR–21 AMENDMENT 21/98/1 27 July 1998 The requirements and other material contained in this Orange Paper Amendment 21/98/1 have been accepted by the Joint Aviation Authorities Committee for inclusion in JAR–21 and become effective on the date printed on these sheets. denoting ‘Orange Paper’. but the pages in JAR–21 bearing the corresponding numbers should not be removed. (OP) 2–F–2/2–G–1 (OP) 2–G–2/2–G–3 (OP) 2–G–18/2–G–19 between pages 2–A–2/2–B–1 between pages 2–B–2/2–D–1 between pages 2–D–2/2–G–1 between pages 2–G–2/2–G–3 between pages 2–G–18/2–G–19 .

. It is suggested that these pages be filed at the back of JAR–1. (OP) 2–H–2/2–JA–1 (OP) 2–JA–4/2–JA–5 (OP) 2–JA–6/2–JA–7 (OP) 2–JA–8/2–JA–9 (OP) 2–JB–4/2–JB–5 (OP) 2–N–2/2–N–3 (OP) 2–N–6/2–N–7 between pages 2–G–32/2–JA–1 between pages 2–JA–4/2–JA–5 between pages 2–JA–6/2–JA–7 between pages 2–JA–8/2–JA–9 between pages 2–JB–4/2–JB–5 between pages 2–N–2/2–N–3 between pages 2–N–6/2–N–7 Note: At the back of this Orange Paper Amendment will be found summaries of responses to the various comments that were made on the NPAs during the consultation period.JAR–21 (OP) 2–G–32/2–H–1. This information is intended to help the reader to understand how the final text has been developed.

7.98 .JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21N5 Amend by replacing “ investigation” process” to read: JAR 21N5 with “ import certification or approval Commencement of an Import certification or approval process 1–N–2 (OP) C–6 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) C–7 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .7.

JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–0–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98 .

SECTION 1

JAR–21

(NPA 21-12) JAR 21.1 Amend (a)(5) to read: “(5) Except as otherwise specified, where this JAR21 refers to a certificate or approval, it means [ certificates/approvals issued under JAR-21. However : (i) Subparts F, G and H may also be used for ] production of products, parts or appliances, the design of which has been approved other than according to JAR-21. [ (ii) Subparts JA and JB may also be used for design of products, parts or appliances, or changes ] thereof, approved other than according to JAR-21. In such a case, the type Certificate means the type certificate or equivalent that has been issued by a National Authority, and the Certificate of Airworthiness is a Certificate of Airworthiness issued by the same Authority.”

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.1 Amend (b)(1) by deleting the reference to 21.21(a)to read: (b) (1) This JAR-21 becomes effective on 1 January 1995, except as otherwise stated in JAR [ Subpart N and 21.115(a), 21.301(b), 21.321(b), ] 21.601(b), and 21.701(b). Where a specific applicability date is fixed for a Subpart, the Authority may agree to use it, on request of an applicant, before this applicability date.

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.1 Amend (b)(2) by adding “ On and” the beginning of the paragraph read: [

at to

(2) On and after l January 1998, no person may issue ] a Statement of Conformity or an Authorised Release Certificate (JAA Form One) for a new product, other than in accordance with this JAR-21 Subpart F or G.

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.1 Amend (b)(3) by adding “ On and” the beginning of the paragraph read: [

at to

(3) On and after 1 June 1999, no person may issue ] an Authorised Release Certificate (JAA Form One) for a new part or appliance, other than in accordance with this JAR-21 Subpart F or G.

(OP) 1–A–1

Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98

JAR–21

SECTION 1

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

(OP) 1–A–4

Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98

SECTION 1

JAR–21

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.17 Amend (b) to read: [ (b) (Reserved.) ]

(OP) 1–B–1

Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98

JAR–21

SECTION 1

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.21 Amend title by adding a reference to new ACJ 21.21 to read:
JAR 21.21 Issue of a Type Certificate: aircraft; aircraft engines and propellers [ (See ACJ 21.21) ]

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.21 Amend (a) by deleting all after “ ... under JAR 21.13(b)” to read: (a) The applicant has obtained an appropriate Design Organisation Approval, or obtained the Authority’s agreement to an alternative procedure under JAR 21.13(b). [ ]

(OP) 1–B–2

Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98

) ] [ (e) (Reserved. its parts and appliances are reliable and function properly.) ] (NPA 21-14) JAR 21. to determine whether there is reasonable assurance that the aircraft.35 Amend (c).35 Amend (b)(2) by replacing “ except gliders and except aircraft” with “ except gliders and except aeroplanes” to read: (2) For aircraft to be certificated under this JAR-21.41 Type Certificate [ (See ACJ 21.41 to read: JAR 21.41 Amend title by adding a reference to new ACJ 21. [ except gliders and except aeroplanes of 2730 kg or less ] maximum certificated weight.(d) and (e) to read: [ (c) (Reserved.) ] [ (d) (Reserved. (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.41) ] (OP) 1–B–3 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.SECTION 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.98 .7.

JAR–21 SECTION 1 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.98 .101 Amend (c) to read: [ (c) (Reserved.) ] (OP) 1–D–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.

SECTION 1

JAR–21

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.115 Amend by replacing “ until” with “ before” , by deleting sub-paragraph (b) and re-numbering sub-paragraph (c) in (b) to read:
JAR 21.115 Issue of a Supplemental Type Certificate

The Authority issues a Supplemental Type Certificate if, in addition to complying with JAR 21.103, the applicant has satisfied the Authority that (a) The applicant has obtained an appropriate Design Organisation Approval, or the Authority’s [ agreement to alternative procedures, except that, before ] 1 January 1998, a Design Organisation Approval will not be required provided the Supplemental Type Certification process follows joint procedures agreed by the Authority; and [ (b) ] Where, under JAR 21.113(b), the applicant has entered into an arrangement with the Type Certificate holder, (1) The Type Certificate holder has advised he has no technical objection to the information submitted under JAR 21.93; and (2) The Type Certificate holder has agreed to collaborate with the Supplemental Type Certificate holder to ensure discharge of all responsibilities for continued airworthiness of the changed product through compliance with JAR 21.44 and 21.118A.

(OP) 1–E–1

Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98

JAR–21

SECTION 1

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.118A Amend (c) by replacing “ JAR 21.115(c)(2)” with “ JAR 21.115(b)(2) to read: (c) Implicit in the collaboration with the Type [ Certificate holder under JAR 21.115(b)(2). ]

(OP) 1–E–2

Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98

SECTION 1

JAR–21

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.121 Amend title by adding a reference to new ACJ 21.121 to read:
JAR 21.121 Applicability

[ (See ACJ 21.121) ]

(1) Incoming materials, and bought or subcontracted parts, used in the finished product are as specified in the Any person may apply to show conformity of individual [ applicable design data. ] products, parts or appliances under this Subpart, if he holds [ or has applied for an approval covering the design of that ] product, part or appliance, or has a suitable agreement with the applicant for or holder of an approval of such a design, which ensures satisfactory co-ordination between production and design.

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.122 Amend by replacing “ Type Design” “ design” to read:

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.126 Amend (a)(1) by replacing “ Type Design” with “ applicable design data” to read: with

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.126 Amend (b)(1) by replacing “ Type Design” with “ applicable design data” to read: (1) Parts in process are inspected for conformity with [ the applicable design data at points in production where ] (NPA 21-14) accurate determinations can be made. JAR 21.125 Amend (a) by replacing “ its approved Type Design” with “ the applicable design data” to read: (a) Satisfied the Authority that he has established a production inspection system that ensures that each [ product, part or appliance conforms to the applicable design data and is in condition for safe operation. ]

(OP) 1–F–1

Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98

JAR–21

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.129 Amend (b) by replacing “ Type Design” with “ applicable design data” to read: b) Maintain at the place of manufacture the technical data and drawings necessary for the Authority to [ determine whether the product conforms to the applicable design data. ]

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.129 Amend (b) by replacing “ Type Design” with “ applicable design data” to read: c) Maintain the production inspection system that [ ensures that each product conforms to the applicable design data and is in condition for safe operation. ]

(NPA 21-14) JAR 21.130 Amend (b)(1) by replacing “ its Type Design” with “ the applicable design data” to read: (1) For each product, part or appliance a statement [ that the product, part or appliance conforms to the applicable design data and is in condition for safe ] operation;

(OP) 1–F–2

Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98

(OP) 1–F–3 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.SECTION 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.130 Amend (d) by replacing “ Type Design” with “ applicable design data” to read: (d) The Authority validates the Statement of Conformity if it finds after inspection that the product.7.98 . [ part or appliance conforms to the applicable design data ] and is in condition for safe operation.

145(b)(1).) (OP) 1–G–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.145 Amend (b)(1) replacing “ approval of the Type Design” with “ Type Certificate or design approval” to read: (b) Data (1) The production organisation is in receipt of all necessary airworthiness data from the Authority. and [ from the holder of or applicant for the Type Certificate or design approval. as appropriate to determine conformity ] with the applicable design data.98 .7. (See ACJ 21.

SECTION 1 JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–G–3 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .7.

98 .JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–G–4 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.

98 .) ] (Correction) JAR 21.7. or. the statement required by JAR [ 21N174(a)(1).176 Amend (b) to read: [ (b) (Reserved.SECTION 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21. for an imported aircraft.1174(a)(1)” with “ JAR 21N174(a)(1)” to read: (i) A Statement of Conformity (in the case of production under Subpart F -[ validated by the Authority). ] (OP) 1–H–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.174 Amend (b)(1)(i) by replacing “ JAR 21.

183 Issue of Standard Certificates of Airworthiness [ (See ACJ 21.183) ] (OP) 1–H–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .7.183 Amend title by adding a reference to new ACJ 21.183 to read: JAR 21.JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.

) ] (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.603(a) for an article listed in Appendix C . the relevant procedures and the products or changes to products to be designed.A265(a).A235 Requirements for issue [ ] (OP) 1–JA–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.113.A265(a) to read (a) The applicant must furnish a handbook to the Authority which must describe.15. or ] [ (b) from the holder of a Type Certificate or equivalent that has been issued by a National Authority other than according to JAR-21.A235 Amend title by deleting reference to ACJ 21. the Organisation. or for a JTSO Authorisation [ under JAR 21.7.A233 Amend to read: JAR 21.SECTION 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-12) JAR 21. either directly or by crossreference. for a Supplemental Type Certificate under JAR 21.98 ." ] (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.A235 to read: JAR 21.A243 Amend (a) by adding a reference to ACJ 21.A 233 Eligibility "The Authority will only accept an application for a [ Design Organisation Approval under this Subpart JA: ] [ (a) ] in association with an application for a Type Certificate under JAR 21. [ (See ACJ 21.A243 (a) and ACJ 21.

A257(a). [ (See ACJ 21.A257 Investigations [ (a) Each holder of or applicant for a Design ] Organisation Approval shall make arrangements that allow the Authority to make any investigations.JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21. (OP) 1–JA–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27. including investigations of partners and/or subcontractors.) ] [ (b) Each holder of or applicant for a Design Organisation Approval must allow the Authority to make ] any inspections and any flight and ground tests necessary to check the validity of the compliance statements submitted by the applicant under JAR 21.A239(b).A257 Amend to read: JAR 21.98 . necessary to determine compliance with the applicable regulations in this Subpart JA.7.

98 .SECTION 1 JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–JA–3 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.

7.98 .JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–JA–4 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

if the Authority agrees that such an approval is appropriate for the purpose of assisting applicants for or holders of Type Certificates or Supplemental Type Certificates in showing compliance [ with the applicable airworthiness requirements.B239(b). and must contain.B239 Amend (c) by adding a reference to new ACJ 21.B233 Amend to read: JAR 21.B243 Add a new (b) as follows: [ (b) Where any parts or appliances or any changes to the products are designed by partner organisations or subcontractors of the applicant.) ] (NPA 21-14) JAR 21. directly or by cross-reference.98 . ] (OP) 1–JB–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27. descriptions and information on the design activities and organisation of those partners and subcontractors.B233) The Authority will only accept an application for a Design Organisation Approval covering the design of parts or appliances. or changes thereof. the handbook must include a statement of how the applicant will be able to give.B239(c). [ (See ACJ 21. for all parts and appliances.B233 Eligibility (See ACJ 21. ] (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.B239(c) to read: (c) The applicant must specify the manner in which the Design Assurance System accounts for the acceptability of the parts or appliances designed or the tasks performed by partners or sub-contractors according to methods which are the subject of written procedures. the assurance of compliance required by JAR 21. as necessary to establish this statement.SECTION 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-12) JAR 21.7.

B257 Amend to read: [ Each holder of or applicant for a Design Organisation ] Approval shall make arrangements that allow the Authority to make any investigations necessary to determine compliance with the applicable regulations in this Subpart JB. (OP) 1–JB–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98 .JAR–21 SECTION 1 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.

SECTION 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21. ] (OP) 1–K–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .301 Amend (b) to read: [ (b) This Subpart is applicable on and after 1 June 1999.7.

JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–K–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .7.

7.SECTION 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.98 .321 Amend (b) to read: [ (b) This Subpart is applicable on and after 1 June 1999. ] (OP) 1–L–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

7.98 .JAR–21 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–M–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

SECTION 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21N1 Amend (b)(1) to read: (b) (1) This Subpart N becomes effective on [ and after 1 June 1999.98 . ] (OP) 1–N–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.

parts and appliances designed and manufactured in a JAA country. that the procedures used by the Exporting Authority to show compliance with the applicable requirements of Subpart N are an acceptable alternative to the procedures of JAR–21 for products. (OP) 1–N–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27. (See ACJ 21N5).7.98 . for aircraft. that these are in accordance with ICAO Annex 8.JAR–21 SECTION 1 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21N5 Amend by replacing “ investigation” with “ import certification or approval process” to read: [ JAR21N5 Commencement of an Import certification or approval process ] [ The JAA will commence their import certification or approval process in respect of an application only ] when they are satisfied that the Exporting Authority has entered into or is prepared to enter into an Arrangement: (a) which will enable the JAA to find. and (b) which confirms that the Exporting Authority is prepared to undertake responsibilities for support of the continuing airworthiness of the product. and. Part 2.

98 . Aircraft Engines and Propellers [ (See ACJ 21N21) ] (OP) 1–N–3 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.SECTION 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21N21 Amend title by adding a reference to new ACJ 21N21 to read: JAR21N21 Issue of Type Certificate: Aircraft.7.

98 .7.JAR–21 1 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–N–4 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

98 . its parts and appliances are reliable and function properly. to determine whether there is reasonable assurance that the aircraft. (NPA 21-14) JAR 21N41 Amend title by adding a reference to new ACJ 21N41 to read: JAR 21N41 Type Certificate [ (See ACJ 21N41) ] (OP) 1–N–5 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.SECTION 1 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21N35 Amend (b)(2) by replacing “ except gliders and except aircraft” with “ except gliders and except aeroplanes” to read: (2) For aircraft to be certificated under this [ Subpart N. except gliders and except aeroplanes of 2730 ] kg or less maximum certificated weight.7.

98 .7.JAR–21 1 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–N–10 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

98 .SECTION 1 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21N183 Amend title by adding a reference to new ACJ 21N183 to read: JAR21N183 Issue of Standard Certificates of Airworthiness [ (See ACJ 21N183) ] (OP) 1–N–11 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.

JAR–21 1 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–N–14 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98 .

SECTION 1 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21N803 Amend (a)(2) to read: [ (2) Product or part designation ] (OP) 1–N–15 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .7.

98 .7.JAR–21 1 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–N–16 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

SECTION 1 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.7.601 Amend (b) to read: [ (b) This Subpart is applicable on and after 1 June 1999.98 . ] (OP) 1–O–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

JAR–21 1 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–O–4 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98 .

] (OP) 1–P–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.701 Amend (b) to read: [ (b) This Subpart is applicable on and after 1 June 1999.98 .SECTION 1 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.7.

98 .7.JAR–21 1 SECTION 1 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 1–P–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

] (OP) 1–Q–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .SECTION 1 1 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) JAR 21.803 Amend (a)(2) to read: [ (2) Product or part designation.7.

98 .JAR-21 SECTION 2 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–A–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.

21 JAR 21. but only for additional national administrative requirements where these are needed for subjects which are not otherwise addressed by the JARs.21 Issue of a Type Certificate: aircraft. aircraft engines and propellers (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.98 . ] (OP) 2–B–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7. This wording is used to take into account the fact that the JARs do not yet cover issues such as environmental certification procedures or aircraft registration procedures. This wording should not be interpreted as leaving room for additional national design requirements.21 as follows: [ ACJ 21.SECTION 2 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) Add new ACJ 21.21 introduction uses the wording “Without prejudice to other provisions of national laws applicable in the absence of a comprehensive set of JAR rules”. which may interfere with the certification procedures of JAR-21. which deviate from the published airworthiness JARs.

not yet closed). are not to be considered when establishing the conditions or limitations that are included in the Type Certificate.98 . JAR-APU. approval of organisations (JAR-145. as well as JAR-34 (emissions requirements) and JAR-36 (noise requirements) when environmental certification is included in JAR-21 (NPA 21-3. licensing (JAR-FCL. ] (OP) 2–B–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7. JAR-23. JAR-66).41 “The applicable requirements with which the Authority records compliance” are those which are defined in JAR 21. JAR-VLA. applicable to such activities as operations (JAR-OPS. “Any other conditions or limitations prescribed for the product in the appropriate JAR” is to be understood as referring to those JARs that are directly applicable to the product: JAR-21 and.41 Type Certificate (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. JAR-29. and training devices (JAR-STD).41 as follows: [ ACJ 21. JAR-25. JAR-P. JAR-AWO. Other JARs. JAR-27. as applicable JAR-22. JAR-E.JAR–21 SECTION 2 (NPA 21-14) Add new ACJ 21. JAR-147). JAR-39 (airworthiness directives). JAR-M (maintenance) and possible future airworthiness codes for other categories of products. JAR-26).17. should be added to this list when they become effective.

98 .7.SECTION 2 JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–D–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

98 .JAR–21 SECTION 2 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–D–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.

parts or appliances.SECTION 2 JAR–21 [ ACJ – SUBPART F ] (NPA 21-14) Add new ACJ 21. or equivalent. TC. in accordance with JAR 21. design data is defined as ‘not approved’ but parts and appliances may be released with a JAA Form One as a certificate of conformity. or JTSO/JPA Authorisation. STC. by the Authority. Subpart F is used for production of products. Prior to issue of the TC. or JTSO/JPA Authorisation.121 Applicability . specifications and other technical information provided by the applicant for. After issue of the TC.Applicable Design Data (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. STC.98 .121 Applicable design data is defined as all necessary drawings.7. This should be sufficient for the development of production data to enable manufacture in conformity with the design data. the design of which has been approved other than according to JAR-21). or equivalent. ] (OP) 2–F–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.121 as follows: [ ACJ 21. by the Authority. this design data is defined as ‘approved’ and items manufactured in conformity are eligible for release on a JAA Form One for airworthiness purposes. and released in a controlled manner to the organisation in charge of production. STC. JTSO/JPA (or equivalent when. or holder of a Design Organisation Approval.1(a)(5).

98 .JAR–21 SECTION 2 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–F–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.

STC.7.131 to read: ACJ 21. (OP) 2–G–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27. [ After issue of the TC. this design data is defined ] as ‘approved’ and items manufactured in conformity are eligible for release on a JAA Form One for airworthiness purposes. by the Authority.131 [ provided by the applicant for.131 Applicability – Applicable design data (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. STC. JTSO/JPA (or equivalent when. the design of which has been approved other than according to JAR-21) and released in a controlled manner to a ] Production Organisation Approval Holder. or JTSO/JPA Authorisation. This should be sufficient for the development of production data to enable repeatable manufacture to take place in conformity with the design data. or holder of a Design Organisation Approval. in accordance with JAR 21. parts or appliances. specifications and other technical information [ Prior to issue of the TC. or equivalent. TC.SECTION 2 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) ACJ 21. STC.131 amend ACJ 21. by the Authority. or equivalent. Applicable design data is defined as all necessary drawings. Subpart G is used for production of products.98 . design data is defined ] as ‘not approved’ but parts and appliances may be released with a JAA Form One as a certificate of conformity.1(a)(5). or JTSO/JPA Authorisation.

131 to read: [ 2 Where standard parts. shot peening. part or appliance. surface finishing. materials.133 amend ACJ 21.98 .JAR–21 SECTION 2 (NPA 21-14) ACJ 21.7.131) their standards should be controlled by the POA holder in a manner which is satisfactory for the final use of the item on the product. etc) ] (OP) 2–G–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27. processes or services are included in the applicable design data (see guidance on applicable design data in ACJ 21.133 Note 2 by replacing “ Type Design” with “ applicable design data” and by adding a reference to ACJ 21. the manufacturer or provider of the following will not at present be considered for production organisation approval: • consumable materials • standard parts • parts identified in the product support documentation as ‘industry supply’ or ‘no hazard’ • raw materials • non-destructive testing or inspection • processes (heat treatment. Accordingly.

7.SECTION 2 JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–G–3 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .

JAR–21 SECTION 2 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–G–18 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98 .

7.139 and Appendix B paragraph (f).98 . ] The listing of items provided (or made available) to satisfy the safe operation aspects of this statement should be kept on file by the POA holder.163(a) amend ACJ 21. test pilot or flight test engineer. The report should be signed as satisfactory by the appropriate certifying staff and a flight crew member.163(a) item 3. The flight tests [ performed are those defined under the control of the quality system. as established by JAR 21. (OP) 2–G–19 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27. instructions for completion of Block 17 to read: Block 17 Validity of the Statement of Conformity is dependent on full completion of all blocks on the form. to ensure that the aircraft conforms with the applicable design data and is in condition for safe operation.g. e. A copy of the flight test report together with any recorded defects and rectification details should be kept on file by the POA holder.SECTION 2 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) ACJ 21.

98 .7.JAR–21 SECTION 2 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–G–32 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

183 JAR 21.183 as follows: [ ACJ 21.SECTION 2 JAR–21 [ ACJ – SUBPART H ] (NPA 21-14) Add new ACJ 21. ] (OP) 2–H–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.183 introduction uses the wording “Without prejudice to other provisions of national laws applicable in the absence of a comprehensive set of JAR rules”.183 Issue of Standard Certificates of Airworthiness (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.98 . This wording should not be interpreted as leaving room for additional national design requirements. but only for additional national administrative requirements where these are needed for subjects which are not otherwise addressed by the JARs. which deviate from the published airworthiness JARs. This wording is used to take into account the fact that the JARs do not yet cover issues such as environmental certification procedures or aircraft registration procedures. which may interfere with the certification procedures of JAR-21.

7.JAR–21 SECTION 2 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–H–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .

conducted during initial assessment and subsequent surveillance. assisting and cooperating with the Authority in performing inspections and audits.A235 delete ACJ 21.7.A235 Requirements for Issue (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.SECTION 2 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) ACJ 21. such as a meeting room and office support. subcontractors and suppliers.98 . (OP) 2–JA–1 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27. whether they are in the State of the applicant or not.A235. ACJ 21. Assistance to the Authority includes all appropriate means associated with the facilities of the design organisation to allow the Authority to perform these inspections and audits.A235 Satisfying the Authority that compliance has been shown necessitates the complete design organisation including partners.

7.JAR–21 SECTION 2 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–JA–4 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .

A. (OP) 2–JA–5 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27. the applicant may take this into account in demonstrating the effectiveness of this integrated system.A239(c) to read: ACJ 21. the adequacy of that partner's/sub-contractor's Design Assurance System in accordance with JAR 21. 3 When any Partner/Sub-contractor does not hold a D.98 .SECTION 2 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) ACJ 21.A.A239(c). then in accordance with JAR 21.7. ] 2 In the event that a Partner/Sub-contractor holds a Design Organisation Approval (D.A239(c) amend ACJ 21.A239(c) Design Assurance System (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21.A243(b).A239(c) [ In meeting the requirements of JAR 21. then the applicant will need to establish to its own satisfaction and the satisfaction of the Authorities.O.).A239(c) the applicant for a Design Organisation Approval under Subpart JA may adopt the following policy: ] 1 The satisfactory integration of the Partner/Sub-contractor and applicant’s Design Assurance Systems should [ be demonstrated for the activities covered under the applicant’s Terms of Approval.O.

JAR–21 SECTION 2 (NPA 21-14) ACJ 21. ] (OP) 2–JA–6 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 . The procedures for classifying and approving unintentional deviations from the approved design data occurring in production (concessions or non-conformance’s).A243(a) by adding a new sub-item c to item 4: [ c.7.A243(a) amend ACJ 21.

98 .7.SECTION 2 JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–JA–7 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

98 .A257 amend ACJ 21.A257(a) ] Investigations (Interpretative Material) [ See JAR 21.A257(a): [ ACJ 21.7.JAR–21 SECTION 2 (NPA 21-14) ACJ 21.A257 by changing the numbering to ACJ 21.A257(a) ] (OP) 2–JA–8 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

SECTION 2 JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–JA–9 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .7.

A.B239(c) the applicant for a Design Organisation Approval under Subpart JB may adopt the following policy: 1 The satisfactory integration of the Partner/Sub-contractor and applicant’s Design Assurance Systems should be demonstrated for the activities covered under the applicant’s Terms of Approval. the adequacy of that partner’s/sub-contractor’s Design Assurance System in accordance with JAR 21.A.B239(c) Design Assurance System (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21. 2 In the event that a Partner/Sub-Contractor holds a Design Organisation Approval (D.JAR–21 SECTION 2 (NPA 21-14) Add new ACJ 21. then in accordance with JAR 21.B239(c).7.98 .B239(c) as follows: [ ACJ 21. the applicant may take this into account in demonstrating the effectiveness of this integrated system.O.B239(c) In meeting the requirements of JAR 21. ] (OP) 2–JB–4 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.O. 3 When any Partner/Sub-contractor does not hold a D. then the applicant will need to establish to its own satisfaction and the satisfaction of the Authorities.).B243(b).

7. constitute the Organisation’s Design Assurance System together with a chart indicating the functional and hierarchical relationship of the Design Assurance System to Management and to other parts of the [ Organisation.SECTION 2 JAR–21 (NPA 21-14) ACJ 21.B243(a) amend ACJ 21. taken together.B243(a) item 3 to read 3 A description of assigned responsibilities and delegated authority of all parts of the Organisation which. and the control of the work of all partners and sub-contractors. also the chains of responsibilities within the Design Assurance System.98 . ] (OP) 2–JB–5 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.

JAR–21 SECTION 2 (NPA 21-14) ACJ 21N5 amend the title of ACJ 21N5 by replacing “ investigation” certification or approval process” to read ACJ 21N5 with “ import [ Commencement of an import certification or approval process (Interpretative Material) ] See JAR21N5 (OP) 2–N–2 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.98 .7.

SECTION 2 JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–N–3 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.98 .

] (NPA 21-14) Add new ACJ 21N41 as follows: [ ACJ 21N41 Type Certificate (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N41 “The applicable requirements with which the Authority records compliance” are those which are defined in JAR 21N17. not yet closed). JAR-66).98 .7. as applicable JAR-22. but only for additional national administrative requirements where these are needed for subjects which are not otherwise addressed by the JARs. as well as JAR-34 (emissions requirements) and JAR-36 (noise requirements) when environmental certification is included in JAR-21 (NPA 21-3. JAR-23. but only for additional national administrative requirements where these are needed for subjects which are not otherwise addressed by the JARs. JAR-VLA. JAR-E. JAR-AWO. approval of organisations (JAR-145. applicable to such activities as operations (JAR-OPS. JAR-27. Other JARs.JAR–21 SECTION 2 (NPA 21-14) Add new ACJ 21N21 as follows: [ ACJ 21N21 Issue of a Type Certificate: aircraft. “Any other conditions or limitations prescribed for the product in the appropriate JAR” is to be understood as referring to those JARs that are directly applicable to the product: JAR-21 and. are not to be considered when establishing the conditions or limitations that are included in the Type Certificate. JAR-M (maintenance) and possible future airworthiness codes for other categories of products. should be added to this list when they become effective. JAR-29. which may interfere with the certification procedures of JAR-21. which may interfere with the certification procedures of JAR-21. JAR-39 (airworthiness directives). This wording should not be interpreted as leaving room for additional national design requirements. JAR-P. which deviate from the published airworthiness JARs. JAR-25. and training devices (JAR-STD). JAR-147). This wording is used to take into account the fact that the JARs do not yet cover issues such as environmental certification procedures or aircraft registration procedures. ] (NPA 21-14) Add new ACJ 21N183 as follows: [ ACJ 21N183 Issue of Standard Certificates of Airworthiness (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N183 JAR 21N183 introduction uses the wording “Without prejudice to other provisions of national laws applicable in the absence of a comprehensive set of JAR rules”. aircraft engines and propellers (Interpretative Material) See JAR 21N21 JAR 21N21 introduction uses the wording “Without prejudice to other provisions of national laws applicable in the absence of a comprehensive set of JAR rules”. which deviate from the published airworthiness JARs. This wording should not be interpreted as leaving room for additional national design requirements. ] (OP) 2–N–6 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27. licensing (JAR-FCL. JAR-26). JAR-APU. This wording is used to take into account the fact that the JARs do not yet cover issues such as environmental certification procedures or aircraft registration procedures.

98 .SECTION 2 JAR–21 INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK (OP) 2–N–7 Amendment 21/98/1 Effective 27.7.

3 One commentor raises the point that even when the design of a product is not approved according JAR-21 (including Catch-up). the national approval of a change to such product. 2.1 All commentors accept. 1 . Comments were received from the following: 1.1 1.17 1. designed by a DOA.12 1.7 1. at least by countries that have approved the design of the original product.5 1.6 1.NPA 21-12 COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – EXTENSION of DOA ELIGIBILITY 1.16 1.1.10 1.1.21 JAA Design Organisation Approval Sub Certification Committee CAA Monaco Dowty Aerospace Propellers CAA Hungary Irish Aviation Authority FLS Aerospace Limited Ministry of Transport Austria Monarch Aircraft Engineering Ltd. Ministry of Transport Germany Daimler Benz Aerospace Airbus GmbH 2.2 1. RLD (CAA Netherlands) JAR-21 Working Group AECMA AEA CAA Finland SLV (CAA Denmark) Austro Control GmbH CAA-UK DGAC-France Federal Office for Civil Aviation Switzerland Virgin Atlantic Engineering Ltd. 2.13 1.18 1.20 1.11 1.8 1.15 1. the current proposal is already in line with this comment.9 1.2 One commentor insists on the fact that DOA for holders of TCs or equivalent issued other than according to JAR-21 should remain voluntary. have no objections to or have no comments on the extension of DOA eligibility as proposed in the NPA in principle.1 Extension of DOA eligibility as proposed in the NPA 2. Discussion of comments 2.3 1. This comment is agreed.4 1.14 1. agree to.19 1.1. should be mutually acceptable.

including those that do not hold a JA approval. the comment is agreed. eligibility for JB approvals seems to be extended to organisations assisting all European TC/STC applicants/holders. A reason for limiting the eligibility for JB DOA could be the limited resources of the NAA’s in general. To avoid confusion regarding this follow-on NPA and because of the opinion of the JAR-21 WG as described below.1.1(c). This change in policy will be a subject addressed by the NPA necessary to consult on a further extension of eligibility as announced under 3. when granted to a non JAR-21 TC holder. For assisting the latter category of TC/STC holders/applicants however eligibility seems to be denied by ACJ’s 21. Limiting the eligibility for such a label to organisations working with JA DOA organisations (JAA products manufacturers only) puts organisations not working for a European manufacturer in a disadvantageous situation when they are trying to work with foreign manufacturers. This comment was verbally withdrawn by the commentor’s representative in the JAR–21 WG later on. because this commentor finds it inappropriate to allow organisations. Opinion of the JAR-21 WG: The JAR-21 WG does not fully agree with the response to the above comment. With the text of 21. will need re-evaluation as soon as this organisation applies for a new TC. to apply for a JB DOA. However it is beyond the JAA remit to insist on AUTOMATIC mutual acceptance in cases.B233 as amended.1. Each change to the Terms of Approval must be approved (JAR 21. for the following reasons: “1. Despite the fact that the comment was withdrawn.B233.A253).COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – EXTENSION of DOA ELIGIBILITY NPA 21–12 This comment is agreed in principle.A251). The eligibility condition for JAR 21 Subpart JB therefore does not need to be limited to organisations supporting a JA DOA organisation. However. But JAA is supporting the idea and will promote it. Terms of Approval are issued as part of DOA. Organisations assisting only non-European TC/STC holders/applicants are probably not eligible for JB due to the constraint of JAR 21. and moreover is not consistent with the current policy as described in the explanatory note to JAR-21 and as reflected in the ACJ’s 21. 2.5 One commentor notes that a drawback of this proposal could be that a DOA. Such a possibility is not intended by the NPA.B231 and B233. the text of the amendment to JAR21. which the current proposal seems to allow.B231 and 21. This comment is noted. where there is no full compliance to JAR-21. It insisted on maintaining the original wording from the NPA.” 2.B233 is not revised. The comment is withdrawn. The JB DOA is a label which has a value not only within JAA countries but also outside the JAA perimeter. 2. However the granting of approvals is conducted under responsibility of the individual NAA that may have the resources to do so.B233. 2 . However within the JAA system there is a tendency to reconsider this policy and there is a positive attitude towards allowing for such a possibility for reasons of fair competition and equal treatment.4 One commentor proposes different text for the amendment of JAR 21. supporting a TC holder who does not have a JA DOA. Terms of Approval include notably the specific products for which the design organisation holds a DOA (JAR 21.

Equivalency to Type Certificate indicates that it can only concern design approvals for products (i. aircraft. 3 . One commentor proposes a further extension of DOA eligibility to organisations designing (minor and major) changes to products approved other that according JAR21. The unchanged ACJ’s 21. This comment is not agreed. A formal explanation in ACJ material is not considered necessary at this stage. 3. JB-DOA eligibility extension seems to exceed that intended by the NPA.4. without being TC holder. without being TC holder. 2.e. engines or propellers). without being TC holders. Six commentors support a further extension of DOA eligibility to holders of national DOA.6 One commentor advises that the term “or equivalent” should be further explained to help standardised implementation of the requirement. The words “or equivalent” were introduced in the proposal because it was known that in some JAA member states the design of a product can be approved without issuing a Type Certificate. may have this national DOA not only for the purpose of supporting a TC holder (or applicant) but for other purposes like designing changes and classifying changes and approving minor changes.1.2 Further extension of DOA eligibility Seven commentors support a further extension of DOA eligibility to holders of existing (national) Supplemental Type Certificates. As described under 2.B231 and 21. This is not covered by the current proposal. as expressed in the JAR-21 explanatory note.1 show that there is full support for the amendment to JAR-21 as proposed in the NPA. should be limited to JB DOA. One commentor proposes a further extension of DOA eligibility to organisations designing major changes to products not Type Certificated under JAR-21. One commentor notes that eligibility for DOA to organisations holding a national DOA. and above all not consistent with the approval policy as used so far. like the sponsor originally did. Holders of national DOA. This comment is noted. Conclusions The comments listed under 2. It is assumed that most commentors did not realise the consequences of the original text.B233 however can be interpreted as limiting the eligibility again to that intended by the NPA and in conformance with the current JB approval policy. For the same reason JAR-21 DOA approval of such organisations does not necessarily have to be limited to JB DOA.1. and that this possibility is already covered by the current NPA proposal. and it is considered inappropriate to implement a JB-DOA eligibility extension too far from the original intent of this NPA.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – EXTENSION of DOA ELIGIBILITY NPA 21–12 2.

or just to holders of real STCs ? Furthermore such a further extension of eligibility would be a considerable change to the current NPA proposal. but to have an open discussion on JB-DOA eligibility in general first.g. That is why it has been decided to propose for final adoption only the current NPA proposal.2 show that there is a wide support to further extend the eligibility for DOA. After finalisation of that discussion the result has to be clearly reflected in the rule and ACJ material. However there seem to be different opinions on the extent of the further extension. Such discussion will be one of the subjects of a new NPA (see below). It is therefore proposed to adopt the original NPA. 4 . In addition there are some questions that need to be addressed before deciding on the exact wording for such a further extension.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – EXTENSION of DOA ELIGIBILITY NPA 21–12 Therefore it is decided not to amend the ACJ’s at this stage. e. and therefore could not be adopted without re-circulation for comments. and to issue a separate NPA to address a further extension to DOA eligibility. The comments under 2. should the eligibility be extended to holders of national STCs. or equivalent.

including and not limited to Subpart N on imported products. Remarks from the JAA Headquarters. It was agreed.NPA 21-14 COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR-21 BACKGROUND JAR-21. 4. NPA 21-14 was circulated on 15 April 1997 with a request for comments by 1 August 1997. which describes the certification procedures for aircraft and related products and parts. 2. After JAR-21 publication. or requests for clarification. Comments were received from 17 organisations. Discussions with non-JAA Authorities. 3. that these various issues would be periodically addressed in one NPA (normally once a year). Remarks from JAA member Authorities preparing national translations or implementation of JAR-21. 5. a number of queries. was issued on 3 June 1994. as summarised in the table on the next page. was issued on 28 January 1997. parts and appliances and changes designed in a non-JAA country. 1 . Change 1 to JAR-21. Feed back from JAR-21 training courses. It was sponsored by the JAR-21 Working Group and contained 14 proposals resulting from the review of the miscellaneous questions which were received between October 1994 and February 1997. between the JAA Regulation Division and the JAR-21 Working Group. were directed to the JAR-21 Working Group from several sources: 1. Remarks from other Committees / Subcommittees / Study Groups / Working Groups.

Proposal No. with the economic impact. 2. without substantial change to their original intent. 1. The JAR-21 Working Group checked that this difference had been introduced unintentionally: the intent was to include the same clause as in FAR 21. which did not reflect the current practice for helicopters and introduced a difference with FAR 21.K.115(b) was agreed with a recommendation that the Joint Implementation Procedures for STC clearly define the cases in which the Authority should require the TC holder’s involvement. • The original justification of each proposal is detailed hereafter. 6.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR–21 NPA 21–14 Proposal No. PROPOSAL No.35(b)(2) would exempt any aircraft of 2730 kg or less from endurance flight testing. 8. 14 was clarified in the light of the comments received. 3 and 7 received minor editorial changes as a result of the comments.35(b)(2) where this exception was limited to gliders and to aeroplanes of less than 2730 kg. Division JAA DOASCC CAA Australia AECMA Daimler Benz Airbus RAP member (Austro Control) RAP member (SNECMA) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 General Support or No Comment x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x The NPA consisted of 14 proposals: • Proposals No. RLD MOT Austria FOCA Switzerland CAA Monaco CAA Denmark JAA Certif. Commenter LFV Sweden LBA DGAC France DGAC Spain CAA U. 4. the Helicopter Airworthiness Study Group remarked that the wording of JAR 21. 11. 2 . 9 and 13 did not give rise to any comment and were adopted without any change. • • • Proposals No. Proposals No. 10 and 12 were clarified in the light of the comments received. Proposal No. deletion of JAR 21. the substance of the comments received and the responses thereto. without substantial change to its original intent. as mentioned in the comment-response document related to the initial issue of JAR-21.35. and gave rise to an additional question which will be addressed in NPA 21-13 issue 2 on production tests. 5. 1 Original Justification: After publication of JAR-21 in 1994.

COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR–21 NPA 21–14 Economic Impact: None.145(b)(1). Subpart F may also be used to cover such situations as production prior to type certification. Comments and Responses: No specific comment was received on this proposal. It was therefore proposed to remove the term “Type Design” from the relevant paragraphs in Subparts F and G. aircraft engines and propellers. which addresses production organisation approvals. since this proposal is for clarification only. Response: the proposed wording in JAR 21.) Economic Impact: None. and may also be used prior to type certification. Parts and appliances are not subject by themselves to a Type Certificate.e. Comments and Responses: • The JAA Certification Division commented that the term “applicable design data” needed to be defined.131. such as JTSO or JPA. Daimler-Benz Aerospace Airbus proposed to change the proposed wording in JAR 21. with the necessary adaptations. and this definition is now repeated. 2 Original Justification: The term “Type Design” is relative.145(b)(1) is not changed. 3 Original Justification: Some questions were raised about the inclusion or exclusion of the limit dates in the applicability clauses. (Note: An ACJ clarifying the applicability of Subpart F will be proposed in a future NPA. 3 . i. • PROPOSAL No. Response: there is a definition of applicable design data in ACJ 21. JAR-21 Subpart F prescribes rules for showing conformity of an individual product. aircraft. PROPOSAL No. since the corrected wording will reflect the current practice. is usable for production of parts and appliances which are not by themselves subject to type certification. which is adopted without any change. in the new ACJs to Subpart F. in order to make clear that Subpart G was also usable for production in accordance with design data approved other than under JAR-21 (in relation with the Catch-Up process). in JAR-21. Economic Impact: None. but this intent is now reflected in the modified ACJ 21. or production without type certificate. but may be covered by other sorts of design approvals. part or appliance with applicable design data in the absence of an approved production organisation under Subpart G. to products that are subject to type certification. Subpart G. As stated in JAR 21. in order to address all possible situations.121(a). This proposal was for clarification and consistency.131 and in the new ACJs to Subpart F. where there is no “approved type design”.

Response: agreed. is so subtle that it is useless to maintain it. the difference.21(a) is modified accordingly. Economic Impact: None. or preserve consistency with FAR Part 21. would be more appropriate. PROPOSAL No. PROPOSAL No. fears were expressed that the wording “Without prejudice to other provisions of national laws in the absence of a comprehensive set of JAR rules” be abused to introduce national deviations from published JARs. The original proposal was to replace the term “investigation” by the term “validation process”. since we have passed this date. 6 Original Justification: After JAR-21 publication. or preserve consistency between Subpart N and other Subparts of JAR-21. 4 Original Justification: During discussions between the JAR-21 WG and FAA representatives on Subpart N. which is adopted without any change. appliances and changes.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR–21 NPA 21–14 Comments and Responses: • The RLD commented that the reference to 1 January 1997 could be removed from JAR 21. It was therefore felt that a strict interpretation of this wording was needed.21(a). In the JAR-21 Working Group’s opinion. 4 . It was therefore proposed to use “(Reserved)” everywhere. if any. Comments and Responses: No specific comment was received on this proposal. concern was expressed by the latter on possible misinterpretations of the term “Investigation”. already used in JAR 21N1(e). Economic Impact: None. PROPOSAL No. as well as JAR 21. in order to either reserve these numbers for future requirements. parts. 5 Original Justification: Some subparagraph numbers are inserted in JAR-21 without corresponding text. Response: JAR 21. Some readers queried whether there was a difference of intent between these two terms. Comments and Responses: The JAA Certification Division and the French DGAC commented that the terms “validation” or “validation process” might cause difficulties of interpretation because they were not defined in JAR 21N2. and suggested that the terms “certification” or “approval”. Both terms “(Reserved)” or “Not required for JAR-21” can be found in the present issue. because it was felt clear that JAR and ACJ 21N5 were intended to address the conditions which would trigger the validation process for imported products.1(b)(1) for consistency.

183 & 21N183Although we agree with the other portions of this proposal. if imposed on the applicant. would involve costly design changes or additional compliance demonstrations. We therefore suggest that these two para’s be left as is for the present. After JAR-21 publication. the applicable regulations of this subchapter with which the Administrator records compliance. Economic Impact: None. which have been corrected. by specifying that the JARs to be considered are limited to the counterparts of FAR Parts 21 to 59. certain legal responsibilities (environmental issues) do exist. ACJs 21. FOCA’s concern is addressed by the addition of the word “airworthiness” in the last sentence of the ACJ (“…which deviate from the published airworthiness JARs…”).K. except that this proposal may avoid undue limitations. “this subchapter” refers to subchapter C (Aircraft) of chapter I (Federal Aviation Administration) of Title 14 (Aeronautics and Space) of the Code of Federal Regulations. Subchapter C comprises FAR Parts 21 to 59. Comments and Responses: The DOASCC and AECMA noted editorial errors.183 and 21N183 are kept. CAA and the French DGAC suggested editorial improvements. 7 Original Justification: JAR 21.” Response: as there was a strong demand for guidance on “Without prejudice to other provisions of national laws…”. the certificate data sheet. 5 .41. some readers found that the terms “applicable requirements” and “appropriate JAR” were too vague and might lead to interpretations beyond the initial intent.41 and 21N41 were written following the pattern of FAR Section 21. it has been clarified that the closure of NPA 21-3 is a prerequisite for the inclusion of JAR-34 and JAR-36 into “the applicable requirements with which the Authority records compliance”.41 and 21N41. and may continue to be required for issuance of a C of A. 6 ACJ 21. The Swiss FOCA commented as follows: “Proposal No. Due to the different codification of the JAR system. the operating limitations. The new ACJs were proposed to clarify this intent.” In FAR 21. – ANDR are not in the spirit of JAR-21. PROPOSAL No. In addition. i.41 as quoted below: “Each type certificate is considered to include the type design. and any other conditions or limitations prescribed for the product in this subchapter. it was impossible to use the term “this subchapter” in JAR 21. which have been incorporated.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR–21 NPA 21–14 Economic Impact: This interpretative material is intended to prevent unjustified additional national requirements which.e. Comments and Responses: • • The U.

by introducing a new 6 . PROPOSAL No. Although JAR 21. JAR 21. The existing text in ACJ 21. should be addressed in a consistent way.133(b) and ACJ No.B239(c). which are implicitly established. since this proposal will only formalise the design organisation’s responsibilities for concessions or non-conformance’s. ACJ 21.A243(b) stipulates that the partner/subcontractor control procedures which are required by JAR 21. ACJ 21. since this proposal is for clarification only. it complements ACJ 21. PROPOSAL No. Since the same procedures are required in Subpart JB. which is one of the organisation’s responsibilities.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR–21 NPA 21–14 PROPOSAL No. This ACJ contains useful information on the content of the handbook and the possibility to cross-refer to other quality assurance documents.e. It is proposed to introduce the same interpretative text for JAR 21. JAR-21 Subpart JB is relevant to the approval of design organisations assisting applicants for or holders of Type Certificates or Supplemental Type Certificates in showing compliance with the certification requirements. 8 Original Justification: ACJ 21. in Subpart G.B239(c).165(e)(1). it is proposed to also require their description or reference in the handbook.A243(a) item 4 is only addressing procedures covering changes. a proposal is made in NPA 21-8 to add a sentence covering repairs. relating to the Design Assurance System.A239(c). Economic Impact: None.A265(a) addresses administration of the design organisation’s handbook.A239(b) must be described or referred to in the design organisation’s handbook. 9 Original Justification: ACJ to Subpart G (production organisation approval) cover concessions or non-conformance’s. by JAR 21. 2 to 21. but in a very general way.A243(a). Economic Impact: None.A239(c) on the control of partners or subcontractors to the design organisation. All kinds of deviations from the approved design data – i.A243(a) which describes the information to be provided in the handbook required by JAR 21. contains exactly the same language as JAR 21.165(c). unintentional from in-service problems (repairs). As a matter of fact. In addition. which is adopted without any change. and unintentional from production (concessions or non-conformance’s) – . and indicate that links with the design organisation should be established properly. intentional (changes). Comments and Responses: No specific comment was received on this proposal. 10 Original Justification: JAR-21 Subpart JA is relevant to the approval of design organisations applying for or holding Type Certificates or Supplemental Type Certificates.A243(a) item 10 also addresses problems affecting airworthiness coming from production. which is adopted without any change. an interpretative ACJ currently exists only for JAR 21. Comments and Responses: No specific comment was received on this proposal.

115(b). some TC holders may be tempted to systematically inform STC applicants. Reason: the initial wording. The DOASCC proposed to replace “… for the products for which Type (or Supplemental Type) Certification is sought” by “… for the activities covered under the Terms of Approval” in the proposed ACJ 21. in the same manner as it is mentioned in item 3 of ACJ 21. paragraph 1. 7 .A239(c).B243(a) relative to the content of the handbook. • PROPOSAL No. Response: this is agreed.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR–21 NPA 21–14 subparagraph 21. 11 Original Justification: JAR 21. and the JA applicant in ACJ 21. This deletion would not prevent the Authority. Economic Impact: since written procedures for partner/subcontractor control are already required in Subpart JB.A239(c). and the final version has been modified accordingly. it is made clear that it is the JB applicant in ACJ 21. This would make the possibility of developing an STC without interference from the TC holder. The main reasons were: 1.B239(c). Was it the JA or JB applicant? Response: in the final version of the NPA. with a standard reply letter.113(b).B239(c). Since JAR-21 publication. from requiring TC holder involvement. by definition.B239(c).A239(c). on a case-by-case basis. the TC holder might be sued for not having reacted to an unsafe design. the economic impact will be limited to the few man-hours (or minutes) spent to mention these procedures in the handbook for those organisations which elect to apply for a design organisation approval under Subpart JB. is not applicable to applicants for TC or STC.A243(a). many queries on the legal consequences of such a requirement on the TC holder’s liability have been expressed: it is feared that. obsolete.B243(b) with the same text as JAR 21.A243(b).115(b) required. that the Type Certificate holder had been informed about the STC application. as allowed in JAR 21. Comments and Responses: • The RLD commented that the term “the applicant” was unclear in the proposed ACJ 21. copied from ACJ 21. it is also proposed to mention partner/subcontractor control in item 3 of ACJ 21. for simplification and harmonisation between Subparts JA and JB. in case of an accident involving a design under STC. that they do not advise approving the STC. was not appropriate for Subpart JB which. A preliminary consultation of the lawyers of the JAA Regulation Advisory Panel and within the JAR-21 Working Group showed a majority opinion in favour of deletion of JAR 21. The DOASCC also proposed to introduce the same change into ACJ 21. As a result. As a consequence. as one of the prerequisites for the issue of a Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) by the Authority. There may be circumstances where the TC holder may declare an objection for commercial reasons (for example if the TC holder is developing a similar change himself). 2.

115(b). - 8 . therefore. if he responds at all. Minority position: One member of the JAR-21 Working Group expressed his Authority’s opinion that JAR 21. No reason is seen why the information of a TC holder that someone somewhere is developing a modification to one of his products would engender any problem of safety. that he will respond. FOCA Switzerland and LFV Sweden expressed their strong support to the proposal and its justification. the requirement has no value and can be deleted. The TC holder should have a chance to react to an STC proposal if there is a safety concern that the Authority has not identified.115(b) would relieve both TC holders and STC applicants from an administrative burden.113(b). It seems likely. 5. The paragraph places no obligation upon the TC holder to indicate either acceptance or rejection. without specific emphasis. this pseudo-link does not hurt. Economic Impact: deletion of JAR 21. JAR 21. with possible liability implications and without any added value regarding safety. M. the information of the TC holder on the proposed STC remains justified. and would facilitate free trade of changes that are not designed by the Type Certificate holder.K. Comments and Responses: • • • • Five commenters supported the proposal.O. for the following reasons: 1. if any. it is important that the TC holder can receive information about the proposed STC and report possible safety concerns to the STC applicant and/or to the certifying Authority. Especially if the STC applicant’s Authority has not been involved in the original TC procedure. DGAC Spain. FAR part 21 does not contain any requirement equivalent to JAR 21. by simply noting the application but without accepting any liability. made an editorial comment. which is taken into account in the final version. of legal responsibility is not to be dealt under JAR 21. In other terms. 4.115(b) should not be deleted. The question.115(b) is seen as a bureaucratic burden. Austria and one Regulation Advisory Panel member proposed to maintain JAR 21.115(b). 2. Under such circumstances.115(b). DGAC France. As long as there is no clear common application policy defined for JAR 21. for the following reasons: Support to the reasons expressed in the JAR-21 WG minority position. CAA U.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR–21 NPA 21–14 3. as part of their general support to the NPA.T.

115(b) is not a bureaucratic burden for the TC holder. the non-harmonised paragraph is already in ! - - • AECMA accepted the deletion of JAR 21. This they are unlikely to be able to do in most cases.115(b) was retained. makes statement (2) of the minority position incorrect.115(b) would create an administrative burden on STC applicant. if not on TC holders. The latter route is. for this purpose. The STC applicant must have both the expertise and sufficient product knowledge. and 2. Here. does not hesitate to require the STC applicant to enter into an agreement with the TC holder. Product Liability. For product liability reasons a TC holder must inform an STC applicant that they cannot support approval of an STC.115(b). • AECMA also commented on the justification of the proposal. as follows: “The statement in the justification that the TC holder may be tempted to inform STC applicants they do not advise approving an STC is inadequately strong. provided the Joint Implementation Procedures for STC included a counterpart to that deletion making clear that: 1. If a TC holder is informed of a proposed STC. but practically the TC holder cannot undertake to review the implications of all STC'’ on his products. and it is up to the Authority to find out if an objection from the TC holder is valid or not. The National Authority proceeding with the STC application through the Joint Local Procedure. also has expertise. The same reason. themselves. JAR 21. as the resource will not be available in the TC holder. unless they have examined all the implications of the STC on safety. Subsubpart N-E of JAR-21 on imported STCs does not require systematic involvement of the TC holder if there is an adequate arrangement between the Exporting Authority and the JAA.115(b) is therefore maintained in the final version. resources and procedures appropriate to properly conduct the STC process and. the Joint Implementation Procedures for STC clearly define the cases in which the Authority should require the TC holder’s involvement. From a safety point of view the former route is more desirable. therefore. 9 . he must either carry out the work necessary to assure himself the STC does not adversely affect safety or inform the STC applicant he cannot support approval of the STC.” Response: It is felt that most of the concerns expressed in the adverse comments will be solved if. the only practical choice if 21. The proposal to delete JAR 21. keeping JAR 21. as proposed by the AECMA. Also. who is not obliged to respond.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR–21 NPA 21–14 - The TC holder is in a better position to judge if his involvement is necessary or not. The JAA/FAA harmonisation issue should only be considered if a new (nonharmonised) paragraph was introduced.

The reason for this was to avoid using words in regulations like “variant”. explaining the same as ACJ 21. the applicant for a TC. the Authority needs to make investigations both before granting the organisation approval and later on to maintain this approval. even with a DOA.A257(a) covers both initial investigation and continued surveillance of DOA can lead to the deletion of ACJ 21. “model”. Economic Impact: None. page JA-6 and 6(R). “series”. It is not clear why JAR 21.A257(a) and 21. . for a design organisation. but stated that the proposed justification for JAR 21. PROPOSAL No.A257(b) addresses “the applicant” (for a Design Organisation Approval? for a Type Certificate or an STC?). This proposal is to rectify this omission. the Authority still has access to the data (see Comment/response document on JAR-21 draft 4 consultation. which are used by manufacturers in different meanings.A235 that is. to allow the Authority to make investigations.A257 as ACJ 21. etc.” • The DOASCC also suggested to delete ACJ 21.A257 and 21.31 and 21N31.A257(b) was not correct and gave the following explanation: “JAR 21. 10 .157 requires “each applicant for or holder of a Production Organisation Approval” to allow the Authority to make investigations. Economic Impact: None.A257. as such. since this proposal is for consistency reason.B257 set up the obligation. which should have been replaced for consistency reason. the introduction of Subpart N.A257 and 21. CAA comment).803 and JAR 21N803. It should be noted that JAR 21.A257(a). In fact. but have no regulatory implication.A257(b) shows that it addresses investigations related to Type Certification and. The wording of JAR 21.A257(a) and 21.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR–21 NPA 21–14 PROPOSAL No. Comments and Responses: • The DOASCC agreed to the proposed changes to JAR 21.B257 set up the obligation for an approved design organisation to allow the Authority to make investigations related to compliance with Subpart JA and JB in the framework of DOA initial investigation or continued surveillance.B257 address the “holder of a Design Organisation Approval”. in change 1 to JAR-21 the term “variant” was deleted from paragraphs 21. 13 Original Justification: Due to comments made in relation with NPA 21-2. and therefore may create confusion. This text was decided to make clear that. while JAR 21. in fact.B257.A235 and to renumber ACJ 21. since this proposal is for clarification only. Response: this suggestion has been incorporated into the final version of the NPA. 12 Original Justification: JAR 21. was overlooked. At the deletion of the term “variant” from the rule. Reason: making clear that JAR 21. the word “model” in JAR 21.

in part. the definition of the production flight test programmes is under the responsibility of the approved production organisation’s quality system. Response: this issue will be discussed within the JAR-21 Working Group. PROPOSAL No. to ensure that…”. but defined within the constraints of the system and controlled by the system. and will possibly be the subject of a future NPA. or other). Response: the final version is corrected accordingly.31(a)(4) refers to the data with which conformity must be established. Comments and Responses: • The U. CAA supported the proposal.127(b). but considered that there should be a requirement specifying that the production flight test should include those items which are specified for non-POA manufacture in JAR 21. 14 Original Justification: JAR 21.K. but does not specify the means to establish this conformity (ground or flight testing. and that the applicant has the responsibility which he. This proposal is meant to introduce the correct reference. dispenses through his quality system. which is adopted without any change. AECMA commented that the flight tests are not defined by the quality system. Economic Impact: None. under its responsibilities established by JAR 21.139 and Appendix B paragraph (f). although the wording is slightly different from the AECMA proposal. The initial wording of the proposal was: “The flight tests performed are those defined by the quality system.139 and Appendix B paragraph (f). According to JAR 21.COMMENT/RESPONSE DOCUMENT – MISCELLANEOUS IMPROVEMENTS TO JAR–21 NPA 21–14 Comments and Responses: No specific comment was received on this proposal. • 11 .