# GEOMETRICAL TOLERANCING

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THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Orientation.GEOMETRICAL TOLERANCING DEFINITION A geometrical tolerance is the maximum permissible variation of Form . or Location of a feature from that indicated or specified of the drawing. 2 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY . The feature would be permitted to have any variation of form or take up any position with in a specified geometrical tolerance zone.

cylindrical.GEOMETRICAL TOLERANCING POINTS. LINES AND SURFACES In the production and measurement of engineering parts mostly we deal with flat. Intersection of lines are shown by points. conical. spherical. Edges of parts or axes of cylinders are shown by lines. or irregular shape or contoured surfaces. 3 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY . Measurement is made at specific points to evaluate a line at various points along its length.

Points have position but no size and therefore position is the only characteristic that requires control. Lines and surfaces are controlled for form. Geometrical tolerances are chiefly concerned with points & lines while surfaces are composed of series of line elements. orientation and location. LINES AND SURFACES…contd. 4 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .GEOMETRICAL TOLERANCING POINTS.

parallelism perpendicularity Position.Geometrical Tolerancing GEOMETRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Form of a line Form of a surface Orientation Location Run out Straightness. profile roundness. symmetry concentricity and and This is a special composite characteristic. cylindricity and profile Angularity. and Flatness. which will be explained later 5 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .

line. slot. 6 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY . surface.FEATURE CONTROL SYMBOLS LENGTH AS REQUIRED Feature is a specific characteristic portion of a part. screw thread or profile. The frame height to be twice the height of the character used for dimensioning. tolerancing and notes on the drawing. Point. hole.

in line with the size dimension.POSITION OF ARROW HEAD  On the outline of the feature  On an extension of the out line  On an extension (projection) line from the feature. 7 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .

 The feature control symbol is shown in association with the size dimension.POSITION OF ARROW HEAD  Geometrical tolerance with reference to center line. 8 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .

 Usually perpendicular to the line or surface.APPLICATION TO SURFACES  The leader and arrowhead should be from the feature control symbol.  Or at an angle. 9 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .

which apply to the same feature.Two or more feature control symbols. are drawn together with a single leader and arrowhead 10 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .

APPLICATION TO CENTER LINES  Used for multiple diameter parts with a common axis. 11 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .

APPLICATION TO CENTER LINES CONTROL OF CENTER LINE OF A PORTION OF A PART 12 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .