Assist driver in longitudinal vehicle control

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First appeared in 1970’s in USA Keep a safe distance from the vehichle in front. Available in luxury cars like mercedes

I – GENERATION  Maintain constant speed Does not consider vehicle in front Homogenous traffic (Highway) II .GENERATION (SACC)  Maintains safe distance by varying speed (Stop and Go) Considers the Vehicle in front Frequently Stopped and congested traffic (City) III .GENERATION (CACC) Next generation ACC Communicates with Virtual and Lead Vehicle .


CONSTITUENTS OF AN ACC SYSTEM 1) 2) 3) Sensor (LIDAR or RADAR) Longitudinal controller with CAN Actuators .

SENSOR OPTIONS 1. Radar 3. Lidar 2. Vision sensors .

High Frequency Modulated Laser Diode was used to generate the Light Signal  .LIDAR -Light Detection and Ranging  Uses Frequency Modulated Continuous light Wave (FMCW) A Low Powered.

Range estimation using FMCW-LIDAR .

FUSION SENSOR Consist of :  Image processing unit and stereo camera  Headway control unit  Millimeter – wave radar .

A prototype of a car with fusion sensor arrangement .

Block diagram of sensing and controlling process .

Speed control 2.CONTROLLER 1. Headway control .

Analyzing the traffic conditions 2.ARTIFICIAL COGNITION Two steps are used: 1. Deciding on a particular situation .

Flow diagram of controlling process .

EXAMPLE Motorola ACC .

10 MB) FLASH (1 MB) EEPROM (4 KB -32KB) Real time clock UART interfaces   CAN interfaces 64-bit floating point unit .MPC 565      SRAM (1 MB .

The CACC system allows the vehicles to communicate . Next generation of ACC 2.CO OPERATIVE ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL [CACC] 1.

Under CACC .

ADVANTAGES • The driver is relieved from the task of careful • Fuel efficiency of the vehicle increases • Traffic system that avoid accidents can be developed DISADVANTAGES • Expensive • Encourages the driver to become careless .

CONCLUSION • • • • Non-human part of the vehicle controlling Functions on the basis of explicitly built-in knowledge Radar sensors. infrared and camera-based sensing used Working on sensors with a 360 –degree view .

vol.REFERENCE  Willie D. pp.Jones.ppt”. http://www.iitb.“Keeping Cars From Crashing"." IEEE 1993  “Adaptive Cruise Control. 13. 20-28. ppt#36 . Jan. September 2001  Ulf Palmquist.IEEE Spectrum. "Intelligent Cruise Control and Roadside Information./

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