FORM TOLERANCING - FLATNESS

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THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

FLATNESS FLATNESS SYMBOL 2 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .

3 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .FLATNESS FLATNESS OF A SURFACE  The condition of a surface having all elements in one plane. INTERPRETATION The flatness tolerance specifies a tolerance zone defined by two parallel planes within which the surface must lie.

CONTROLLING FLATNESS ON TWO OR MORE SURFACES If the same control is desired on two or more surfaces a suitable note may be added instead of repeating the symbol 4 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .

using one fixed and two adjustable supports spaced as far apart as possible.FLATNESS MEASURING PRINCIPLE The part of be measured is set up on a surface plate or measuring plane.  The other supports are adjusted to give zero readings above each support.  An indicator gage is set to zero on the area above the fixed support.  Readings are then taken at a sufficient number of points on the surface to ensure that the tolerance is not exceeded. 5 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .

CONTROL OF DIRECTION OF ERRORS It is sometimes desired to further control the direction of flatness errors. such as MUST NOT BE CONCAVE or MUST NOT BE CONVEX. for which purpose a note may be added beneath the feature control symbol. 6 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .

and the feature control symbol is directed to the thickness dimension 7 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .FLATNESS SYMBOL & APPLICATION The symbol is the same as for flatness of a surface. except that the modifier (M) is placed after the tolerance value.

which may be subjected to bending or dishing 8 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY . which are separated by the specified tolerance plus the maximum material size These planes must be large enough to completely encompass the feature  Flatness on an MMC basis is a very useful tool as a control for relatively thin parts.FLATNESS – MMC BASIS A flatness tolerance on an MMC basis means that the feature or part shall be contained within a tolerance zone consisting of the space between two parallel planes.

the measurement of flatness requires the use of a functional GO gage. large enough to encompass the whole part. and between which the part must pass 9 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .  The gage consists of two parallel plane surfaces.FLATNESS FLATNESS – MMC BASIS MEASURING PRINCIPLE On an MMC basis.

FLATNESS FLATNESS FOR A SPECIFIED LENGTH If flatness within a specified length is given the gage must be made of this length 10 THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY .