You are on page 1of 10

# CYLINDRICITY

1
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Cylindricity

Cylindricity refers to a condition of a surface, which forms a cylinder where the surface elements in cross sections parallel to the axis are straight and parallel and in cross sections perpendicular to the axis are round. Cylindricity thus combines in one term geometrical form tolerances for roundness, straightness and parallelism of the surface elements.

2
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Cylindricity

Cylindricity tolerances can only be applied to cylindrical surface, such as round holes and shafts. No specific geometrical tolerances have been devised for other circular forms, which require the use of several geometrical tolerances. A conical surface, for example, must be controlled by a combination of tolerances for roundness, straightness, and angularity.

3
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

Cylindricity

Errors of Cylindricity may be caused by out of roundness, like ovality or lobing Errors of straightness caused by bending or by diametral variation Errors of parallelism like conicity or taper Random irregularities from a true cylindrical form.

4
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

CYLINDRICITY SYMBOL

The geometric characteristic symbol for cylindricity consists of a circle with two tangent lines at 60. The circle diameter is 62% of the height of the feature control symbol frame.
5
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

CYLINDRICITY TOLERANCE

## CYLINDRICITY TOLERANCE DIRECTED TO EITHER VIEW.

The Cylindricity tolerance symbol is used in a feature control symbol Directed to the cylindrical surface, in either the side view or end view

6
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

CYLINDRICITY TOLERANCE

A Cylindricity tolerance specifies a tolerance zone consisting of the annular space between two coaxial cylinders, having a difference in radii equal to the specified tolerance zone of 0.05 on radial dimension.

## PERMISSIBLE FORM ERRORS

7
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

CYLINDRICITY TOLERANCE

DIAMETER OF THE TOLERANCE ZONE MAY BE LARGER THAN MAXIMUM DIAMETER OF THE PART

When the part is at the maximum diameter limit the major diameter of the Cylindricity tolerance zone would likely be larger than the maximum diameter limit.This may be due to lobing, and other irregularities or bending.

8
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

MEASURING METHODS

## PART IN VEE BLOCKS FOR CYLINDRICITY TESTS

Checked by revolving in vee-blocks while taking indicator readings on the top surface, in a manner similar to methods described for the measurement of roundness The roundness near both ends is first checked by making indicator readings directly over blocks of varying angles to ensure that lobing will not significantly affect the results. The part is then mounted in identical short length vee-blocks, which are located at each end of the part
9
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY

CYLINDRICITY OF HOLES

Cylindricity tolerances are applicable to internal cylindrical surfaces, such as round holes. Measurement Large holes can be assessed by means of indicator or electronic gauges. Best method is to assess the holes with a plane round GO gauge of length at least equal to the full length or depth of the hole and having the diameter equal to the max. material size minus the specified tolerance

10
THE INSTITUTE FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY