GRAINEX™

A NoveI FoIiar-AppIied
Photosynthetic Enhancer
and YieId Booster for Paddy
(865963-K)
GRA¡NEX
TOP¡CS O1 DE¡¡BERAT¡ON
¡NVENT¡ON RAT¡ONA¡E
WHAT ¡S GRA¡NEX?
WHAT GRA¡NEX DOES?
APP¡¡CAT¡ON PROTOCO¡S
PROD1CT E11¡CACY- 1¡E¡D TR¡A¡S
¡MPACT O1 GRA¡NEX ON R¡CE ¡ND1STRY


INVENTION RATIONALE
1. Fact # 1: Crop pIants grow aImost entireIy by
photosynthesis.
2. Fact #2: Crop yieId is cIoseIy reIated to net rate
of photosynthesis.
3. Rice scientists: "Redesigning rice
photosynthesis to Increase Yield will be the way
to go" (AGRONOMY JOURNAL, VOL. 94, JULY-AUGUST 2002)


RECOGNISING THE in situ FACTORS INFLUENCING
CROP YIELD THROUGH PLANT TISSUE ANALYSIS
1Plants at different growth stages from high - and low -
yielding areas were sampled, sent for partitioning analysis in
the Netherlands for nutritional elements (macro- and micro-)
and other functional elements in the plant tissues.
2. Chlorophyll content of the of the flag leaves during maximum
tillering and panicle initiation stage and grain filling stage were
analysed.
3. The correlation between the elements abundance, chlorophyll
content and crop yield were analysed. Data obtained were
used as a reference for product formulation.
YieId Optimization
To achieve naxinun yieId, 2 cardinaI
faclors pIay lheir respeclive roIes
IntrInsIc factnrs - High yieIding varielies,
lreeding for ideolypes, heleroliosis, genelic
engineering & noIecuIar liolechnoIogy
ExtrInsIc factnrs - Agrononic nanipuIalion/
inpuls, soiI suilaliIily, pesls, cIinalic varialIes,
farn nanagenenl operalions, ferliIizer appIicalion
pH Bar Graph. AvaiIabiIity of the various mineraIs to the pIant at different soiI's pH.
This bar graph gives the pH ranges at which plant nutrients will be most available. The wider
the bar, the more avaiIabIe the nutrient. CaIcium, magnesium and potassium--the
exchangeabIe bases--are most avaiIabIe at high pH and unavaiIabIe at Iow pH. Nitrogen
and sulfur have similar available pH ranges. Iron, manganese, zinc, and copper are Iess
avaiIabIe at high pH vaIues. Phosphorus and boron are unavaiIabIe at both Iow pH and
high pH.
10l F800It1

The product R&D and Field Studies were
carried out by ÌRX Sdn Bhd with colloboration
with Senior Professors who are the expert
in the area.

Ìt took the team more then four years (8 crop
cycles) of intensive laboratory and field trials
studies before the final formulation of the
product was completed.

The product was launched by theVice Chancelor
of the Universisty Malaya

WHAT IS GRAINEX?

GRAINEX
FoIiar-appIied scientificaIIy
formuIated growth
enhancer and yieId
booster for rice