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Boy:A = Girl:O&B Boy:B = Girl:O&A Boy:AB = Girl:O,A& B Boy:Rh+ve = Girl:Rh-ve

Matching blood groups for marriage

Boy:A Boy:B Boy:O Boy:AB Boy:Rh+ve Boy:Rh-ve

= Girl:A&AB = Girl:B& AB = Girl:O,A,B & AB = Girl:AB = Girl:Rh+ve = Girl:Rh+ve & Rh-ve

Why it is suggested to match blood group before marriage. Matching blood group before marriage is important. This is to prevent Rh incompatibility. Rh incompatibility can lead to erythroblastosis fetalis (Hemolytic disease of the newborn-HDN). Fetal RBC get destroyed & newborn may get severe anaemia, jaundice. This jaundice is more severe than Physiological jaundice ( which is the most common and will usually resolve on its own). In very severe form, fetus may die due to heart failure. This is mediated by antigen-antibodies reaction. Transfer of maternal antibodies across the placenta occurs. This happens when Rh +ve man marries Rh-ve lady. So Rh +ve man should try to avoid marrying Rh-ve lady. Newborn with erythroblastosis fetalis may need exchange transfusion. Complete blood count, bilirubin levels are done. High levels of bilirubin may lead to kernicterus. Kernicterus means deposition of bilirubin in basal ganglia region & can cause severe brain damage (bilirubin encephalopathy). In kernicterus, baby will be lethargic,slowly responding when breast-feeding is tried. Bulging fontanelles may be seen In 1st pregnancy problem is less severe but in subsequent pregnancies problem becomes more severe. Hemolytic disease of the newborn can be treated before birth by intrauterine transfusion.Incompatibilities of ABO blood types do not cause erythroblastosis fetalis. Erythroblastosis fetalis can be prevented by giving the mother Rh0(D) immune globulin at 28 wk gestation and within 72 h of pregnancy termination. Due to preventive treatments given to the mother, erythroblastosis fetalis is less common nowadays Direct antiglobulin test (DAT, Direct Coomb's test ) is used to diagnose HDN.

Rhesus factor Rh incompatibility

The mixing of Rh +ve blood (from the baby) in a Rh -ve mother causes the mother to build up some negative factors (antibodies) in her blood over time against the Rh +ve blood cells. Precautions Injections are given both during pregnancy and soon after delivery to prevent an Rh -ve mother carrying an Rh +ve baby from developing the negative factors. In the subsequent pregnancies Rh +ve babies are likely to be affected by the antibodies from the mother.serial tests of amniotic fluid or blood directly from the baby in the womb are done. B -ve etc. If the condition is mild. AB and O. The Rhesus factor is a substance in blood by which human blood may be divided by its presence into (Rh +ve) or (Rh -ve) groups. For severely affected babies. Precautions include early identification of the high-risk pregnancies by checking blood groups with Rh factor for all pregnant women. Rhin compatability reasons Mixing of some blood of the baby and mother occurs through every pregnancy but more so at the time of delivery. This is not true.A. B.There are mainly four types of major blood groups in humans . Symptoms of rhesus incompatability Tests may be done to estimate the amount of-ve factors in the mothers blood. For an Rh -ve baby there will be no problems and no precautions need to be taken. The final identification of a blood group is thus O +ve. The actual problem may occur when the mother is Rh -ve and the husband is Rh +ve irrespectiveoftheirabogrouping The baby of such a union could be Rh -ve or Rh +ve. blood transfusions for the baby need to be carried out in the womb. The same injection needs to be given after a miscarriage to neutralize the mixing of blood which occurs in those cases. the risk of death is high. There is some misconception that the same blood group in both partners may be detrimental. (Indirect Coombs test). early delivery and treatment of the baby is done after birth. These negative factors may then cross over to the baby through the placenta (afterbirth) and destroy the blood cells of the baby. If the chances of the baby being affected are high . For an Rh +ve baby on the other hand complications of varying severity may take place. as a few months are needed for the negative factors to be built in the mother's body. This gives us an idea of the chances the baby may be affected. the first pregnancy is spared. General treatment Treatment as explained above essentially depends on the severity of the condition. These methods are done in selected places by specialists and carry a high rate of complication. . If severe.

Like eye color. Whether your blood group is type A. mother's immune system st     There are four major blood groups determined by the presence or absence of two antigens – A and B – on the surface of red blood cells: Group A – has only the A antigen on red cells (and B antibody in the plasma) Group B – has only the B antigen on red cells (and A antibody in the plasma) Group AB – has both A and B antigens on red cells (but neither A nor B antibody in the plasma) Group O – has neither A nor B antigens on red cells (but both A and B antibody are in the plasma) There are very specific ways in which blood types must be matched for a safe transfusion: In addition to the A and B antigens. Rh negative blood is given to Rh-negative patients.Someone's experience I am not a doctor but I can answer your question as I am RH-ve. In my parents case. AB. I such case. which can be either present (+) or absent ( – ). and Rh positive blood or Rh negative blood may be given to Rh positive patients. In general. complication may occur.   It’s inherited. then there is about 50% chance that the child will be rh+ve. B. If a girl has RH-ve & boy has RH+ve Blood Group factor (irrespective of A. there is a third antigen called the Rh factor. Dring pregnancy if child's blood and mother's blood mixes. blood type is passed genetically from your parents. AB or O is based on the blood types of your mother and father. My mother is rh-ve and my father is rh+ve. B. luckily my blood group was rh-ve. The universal plasma donor has Type AB positive blood type. . O). The universal red cell donor has Type O negative blood type.

This chart shows the potential blood types you may inherit. AB AB Parent 1 AB B A Parent 2 AB Possible O blood X X A X type X X B X of X X AB X child AB O X X B A A O B B A B X X X X X X X X X X O O A O X X X .