‫أحكام النون الساكنة والتنوين‬

Rules of Noon Saakin and Tanween
Four Rules: 1. ‫ – إظهار‬Idh-haar 2. ‫ – إدغام‬Id-ghaam 3. ‫ – إقالب‬Iq-laab 4. ‫ – إخفاء‬Ikh-faa
1. ‫ – إظهار‬Idhhaar Idhhaar is to make plain. If there appears after a Noon Saakin (a ‫ ن‬in the situation of a sukoon or a noon with a sukoon on it) or Tanween ( ٌ ً) any of the Hurooful Halqee (letters of the throat), then it will be recited with Idhhaar. The Noon Saakin or Tanween will be recited without prolonging the Ghunnah; just as is. 2. ‫ – إدغام‬Idghaam Idghaam means to merge. If there appears any of the letters of ‫( يرملون‬Yarma-loon) – ‫ – ي ر م ل و ن‬after a Noon Saakin or Tanween, then the Noon Saakin or Tanween will be merged into that letter. 1. ‫ – إدغام تام‬Idghaam-e-Taam – Complete Merging If there appears after a Noon Saakin or Tanween a ‫( ل‬Laam) or a ‫ر‬ (Raa) then it will be read with complete merging, as in, no Ghunna. For complete merging, all of the qualities of the previous letter are lost, i.e. the nasalization. 2. ‫ – إدغام ناقص‬Idghaam-e-Naaqis – Incomplete Merging If there appears any of the letters of ‫ )ي ن م و( ينمو‬after a Noon Saakin or Tanween, then it will be read with incomplete merging, as in, you will merge and recite it with Ghunna. For incomplete merging, qualities of the previous letter still remain. In this case, the nasalization will be retained.

other than the Hurooful Halqee. Please listen to a teacher recite the Ikhfaa of a heavy letter. From the rule for a Baa following a Meem Saakin will apply here. then it will be slightly heavy. or ‫ب‬. If it is any of the letters of Isti’laa and Itbaaq (‫)ص ض ط ظ‬ then it will transition over from the lightness of the noon to the heaviness of these letters. This means that the tongue will be near the Makhraj of the Noon.3. ‫يرملون‬. ‫ – إقالب‬Iqlaab Iqlaab means to change one thing into another. Ikhfaa will be recited. The letters can also be remembered in the phrase: ‫صف ذا ثنا كم جاد شخص قد سما دم طيب زد في تقا ضع ظالما‬ (Sif Dhaa Tha-naa Kam Jaa-da Shakh-sun Qad Sa-maa Dom Tay-yi-ban Zid Fee To-Qaa ‘Da’ ‘Dhaa-le-maa) The first letter of each word in this phrase is a letter that if it appears after Noon Saakin or Tanween. If it is a letter that is Isti’laa and Infitaah (please refer to section on Sifaat). 4. If the letter following the Noon that will be recited with Ikhfaa is a light letter. then the Noon or Tanween will be changed into a Meem Saakin. but not touching it as it sets up for the next letter. There are 14 letters. in this case only ‫ ق‬will apply. then it will be read with Ikhfaa. If there appears any letter after the Noon Saakin or Tanween. . it will be read like an Ikhfaa Shafawee. ‫ – إخفاء‬Ikhfaa Ikhfaa means to hide. If there appears the letter ‫( ب‬Baa) after a Noon Saakin or Tanween. It will be a gradual change. as in. then the sound of the Ikhfaa will be light.