TAXATION 1 | B2015 CASE DIGESTS

PHILIPPINE MATCH CO., LTD. v. THE CITY OF CEBU
January 18, 1978 Aquino, J.

City of Cebu, or if not stored are sold" in that city, "shall be considered as sales" in the city and shall be taxable. - Philippine Match Co., Ltd., whose principal office is in Manila, is engaged in the manufacture of matches. Cebu City is just one of the eleven districts under the company's Cebu City branch office. It paid under protest the taxes on the out-of- town deliveries of matches, to wit: (1) sales of matches booked and paid for in Cebu City but shipped directly to customers outside of the city. a. Orders for matches are made in cebu for which invoices are issued, and then matches are shipped to the customers outside the city. (2) transfers of matches to newsmen assigned to different agencies outside of the city a. No sales invoices, the matches received by salesmen are their liabilities to the company. They sell it in their territories where they issue invoices and remit the proceeds to the Cebu branch. (3) shipments of matches to provincial customers pursuant to salesmen's instructions. a. Matches are shipped from the bodega in cebu to the customer. The salesmen issue the invoices and remit the proceeds to the Cebu branch. - Phil. Match wrote to the city treasurer to seek refund of the paid taxes but the latter denied the request. - Trial Court ruling:

SUMMARY: Phil. Match filed a case to compel cebu’s city treasurer to refund the taxes paid to it. The said taxes were collected pursuant to a city ordinance which imposes tax on all goods stored in cebu city. The goods involved in the case are matches stored in the company’s cebu branch and shipped to places outside cebu upon customer order. The customer pays and receives an invoice in the cebu branch. The SC ruled that the taxes imposed are valid. DOCTRINE: The taxing power of cities, municipalities and municipal districts may be used (1) "upon any person engaged in any occupation or business, or exercising any privilege" therein; (2) for services rendered by those political subdivisions or rendered in connection with any business, profession or occupation being conducted therein, and (3) to levy, for public purposes, just and uniform taxes, licenses or fees. FACTS: - Ordinance No. 279 of Cebu City is "an ordinance imposing a quarterly tax on gross sales or receipts of merchants, dealers, importers and manufacturers of any commodity doing business" in Cebu City. It imposes a sales tax of one percent (1%) on the gross sales, receipts or value of commodities sold, bartered, exchanged or manufactured in the city in excess of P2,000 a quarter - Section 9 of the ordinance provides that, for purposes of the tax, "all deliveries of goods or commodities stored in the

all chartered cities. except gasoline. in no case. municipalities or municipal districts by requiring them to secure licenses at rates fixed by the municipal board or city council of the city. RATIO: Yes. . .The city has a validly delegated taxing power as defined in the Local Autonomy Act (RA 2264): SEC. That no city. delivery to the carrier is delivery to the buyer. impose any percentage tax on sales or other taxes in any form based thereon nor impose taxes on articles subject to specific tax. Provided. the city can tax the sales in issue. It ordered the defendants to refund to the plaintiff the sum of P8.923. Match appealed ISSUES: Whether the City of Cebu can tax sales of matches which were perfected and paid for in Cebu City but the matches were delivered to customers outside of the City. municipality or municipal districts may levy or impose any of the following: (here follows an enumeration of internal revenue taxes) . beyond its taxing power .. (2) for services rendered by those political subdivisions or rendered in connection with any business. skirts of the city through the purchase were effected and paid for in the company's branch office in the city. to regulate and impose reasonable fees for services rendered in connection with any business. municipality or municipal district.The matches can be regarded as sold in the city because the matches were delivered to the carrier in Cebu City. Taxation. licenses or fees. RULING: . Generally. the municipal council of the municipality. municipalities and municipal districts may be used (1) "upon any person engaged in any occupation or business.A different interpretation would defeat the tax ordinance in question or encourage tax evasion through the simple expedient of arranging for the delivery of the matches at the out. just and uniform taxes. .55 as taxes paid out the said out-of-town deliveries with legal rate of interest from the respective dates of payment.The prohibition against the imposition of percentage taxes (formerly provided for in section 1 of Commonwealth Act No. or exercising privileges in chartered cities. — Any provision of law to the contrary notwithstanding. That municipalities and municipal districts shall. The TC said that these are ‘storage tax’ and not sales tax b. to collect fees and charges for services rendered by the city. hence. under the provisions of the National International Revenue Code. or exercising any privilege" therein. profession or occupation being conducted within the city. 2. Sales were consummated outside the city. Provided.TAXATION 1 | B2015 CASE DIGESTS 1) Sustained taxes on matches booked and paid for in Cebu although they were shipped outside the city 2) Invalidated he tax on transfers of matches to salesmen assigned to different agencies outside of the city and on shipments of matches to provincial customers pursuant to the instructions of the newsmen. or the municipal district council of the municipal district.The taxing power of cities. municipalities and municipal districts shall have authority to impose municipal license taxes or fees upon persons engaged in any occupation or business. however. a.Phil. 472) refers to municipalities and municipal districts but not to chartered cities. municipality or municipal district and otherwise to levy for public purposes. profession or .

DISPOSITIVE: TC affirmed. v.Shell Co. specifies that the tax may be levied upon oils "distributed within the limits of the city or municipality".The case is different from: . In essence.The sales in the instant case were in the city and the matches sold were stored in the city. Shll Co. just and uniform taxes. Match wants the city treasurer to pay exemplary damages. the law which enabled the Municipality of Jose Panganiban to levy the sales tax involved in that case. for public purposes. they are the same as sales of matches fully consummated in the city. whose places of business were outside of the city. As to the issue on damages Phil. DISSENTING OPINION: none CONCURRING OPINION none . meaning the place where the oils were delivered. . Those sales formed part of the merchandising business being assigned on by the company in the city. would not place those sales beyond the city's taxing power. The fact that the matches were delivered to customers. the taxes are paid outside Sipocot. licenses or fees.TAXATION 1 | B2015 CASE DIGESTS occupation being conducted therein.Municipality of Jose Panganiban v. the taxing entity . The SC ruled that erroneous interpretation of an ordinance does not constitute nor does it amount to bad faith that would entitle the party to damages. 1435. Municipality of Sipocot – there. Republic Act No. and (3) to levy. .