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POVERTY MEASUREMENT LITERETURES Economic or resource endowment was the traditional approach to poverty analysis before now such

analysis are done using Income and expenditure, prominent Foster Greer and Thorbike (FGT), Head Count Ratio (HCR) are example of such approach.

However, currently interest on poverty analysis now change to multidimensional approach, it is gaining recognition globally (Foster (2007); Sabina and Foster (2007) Asselin (2009); Alkire(2009); Arif and Tanweer (2010); Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (2010); Alkire and Maria (2010); Alkire and Foster (2011) Rodrogo (2011); Alkire et al (2011); Hatzimasoura and Bennet (2011); Francisco and Maria (2012); Abdeljaouad and Paolo (2012); Gaston (2012).

Evidently multidimensional poverty embraces wide facet comprising accessibility & lack of material resources, health care services, road, and market, exclusion on employment, low political voice, and vulnerability to diseases, war, physical weakness, gender inequality, poor environmental condition, poor housing and clothing.

Notwithstanding multidimensional approach were not free of problem, many researchers fault the technique because of the capacious number of interrelated variables that are packed on analysis, however with the existence of computer software many such bulky variable are easily summarized and used for analysis some analytical tools for multivariate analysis such as factor, cluster and discriminant analysis are exceptionally potent tools that can knock the size of multidimensional dataset and generate a good landing for knowledge discovery,

pattern recognition and data mining (Asselin, (2002); Michael (2002); Asselin, L.M. (2009); Dharendra (2010) Bengt and Tihomir (2011)

Indeed confusion and misunderstanding on the multidimensional poverty are the common expectation, it is commonly believed to have possessed both subjective qualitative features which are difficult to quantify directly and objective features which are directly quantifiable, consequently to integrate both features in analysis it become obvious to use tools that can capture both and place them under the same situation for easy analysis factors , principal component cluster and correspondence analysis success. had been used in different studies with comparable

Meanwhile the effect and influence of location in respect of multidimensional poverty were not fully documented, hence understanding this effects and contribution of location (urban or rural) as well as degree of multidimensional poverty among farmers will set a enormous contributions to body of knowledge. In effect identify the structure, form and the constraints face by people affected by the circumstance became a sin quo non to the success of any poverty alleviation and developmental effort by the government. According to Cohen, 2009 in his work allege that understanding of rural poverty variables will provide insight for effective pro-poverty development strategies. It is rational stating that the variables of rural poverty are not only complex but also interrelated and overlapped, involving signs that has several or diverse features which include gender, age, location, education, housing, household size, consumption, income, expenditure and occupation etc which need to be properly crashed through analysis. Going by the nature, structure and types of variables, the

study will attempt to crashed the interconnection in multidimensional poverty variables among farmers of Northern Gombe state for useful understanding of the condition faced by the poor in the area and Nigeria in general.