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Mettusalai ,Illuppur

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering

SUBJECT: SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS SUBJECT CODE: EC 9203

CLASS: II YEAR ECE

UNIT I CLASSIFICATION OF SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS

PART A (2 MARKS)

1)Given the signal x(t)=sin(t) .Determine whether x(t) is energy ignal or a power signal.

2)Determine the period of the signal defined by x(n)=sin(0.4tn)+cos(0.2tn).

3)Check for the stability of the system given by y(n)=n.x(n-1).

4)Check whether the signal x(t)=sin(100tt)+cos(250tt) is periodic or not.

5)Define Causal system

6)Define step function

7)show that the complex exponential signal x(t)=e

j

ω

0

t

is periodic and that fundamental period is 2t/ω.

8)Define signal

9)Define system and classifications of system.

10)Find y(t)=x(2t),given x(t)

11)Write the type of signals.

12)Define energy and power signals

13)Define Ramp function

14)State the BIBO criterion for stability

15)State the applications of signals.

16)Prove that the energy of power signal is infinite.

17)Prove that the even part of a signal is given by x

e

(t)=1/2[x(t)+x(-t)] and odd part of a signal is given

x

o

(t)= 1/2[x(t)-x(-t)]

18)Define a causal system

19)Distinguish between energy and power signal.

20)Find odd and even components of x(n)=cos2tn

PART B (16 MARKS)

1)What are the classification of DT signals?Explain each with suitable examples

2)Check periodicity of the following signals.If periodic find the fundamental period

(i)x(t)=sin

2

t

(ii) x(t)=sin2t+cos3t

3)Determine the power of the following signals

(i)x(t)=2cos(100 tt)+3cos(600 tt)

(ii) x(t)=U(t)-U(t-5)= u(t)-u(t-5)

4)Explain the properties of DT system with example.

5)Sketch the following signals

(i)x(t)=u(t+3)

(ii)x(t)=r(2t-4)

(iii)x(n)=u(5-n)

(iv)x(n)=П(t+2)

Where u(t),r(t) and П(t) are Unit Step,Ramp and Pulse functions respectively.

6)Obtain energy of the following signals

(i)x(t)=exp(-at).u(t)

(ii)x(n)=sin(nt/4).u(n)

7)Determine whether the given systems are causal and stable

(i)h(t)=u(t)

(ii)h(t)=exp(-2t).u(t)

(iii)h(n)=u(n+5)

(iv)h(n)=(1/2)

n

.u(n)

8)For the systems represented by the following functions.Determine whther every system is(1)stable

(2)causal (3) Linear (4)Shiftinvariant

(i)x(n)=e

x(n)

(ii)x(n)=ax(n)+6

9)Determine Whether the following systems are Static or Dynamic,Linear or Non-Linear,Shiftvariant

or Shiftinvariant,causal or non-causal,stable or un-stable

(i)y(t)=x(t+10)+x(t)

(ii)dy(t)/dt+10y?(t)=x(t)

10)Explain about signals and systems.

UNIT II ANALYSIS OF CONTINUOUS TIME SIGNALS

PART A (2 MARKS)

1)Define Spectrum of Signal.

2)Obtain Fourier transform of the signal x(t)=e

-3t

u(t).

3)Write the Fourier transform pair.

4)Write the final value theorem of Laplace transform.

5)Write the convolution property of Laplace transform.

6)Draw the amplitude spectrum of signal x(t)=10sin(200tt).

7) What is the impulse response of an identity system?

8)Find the Fourier series representation for the signal x(t)= 3cos((t/2)t+t/4).

9)Determine the Laplace transform of x(t)=e

-at

sin(wt)u(t).

10)Write Frequency shift property of Laplace transform

11)State Dirichlet condition

12)State convolution properties of FT.

13)State Parseval’s theorem

14)Rayleigh’s energy theorem

15)What is the Laplace transform of the function x(t)=u(t)-u(t-2).

16)What is the difference between Fourier transform and Laplace transform.

17)Differentiate Fourier transform and Fourier series

18)State initial and final value theorem

19)State properties of Laplace transform.

20)Find the initial and final values for X(s)=(s+5)/(S

2

+3S+2).

PART B (16 MARKS)

1)Find the exponential Fourier series for the periodic signal x(t)=t;0 ≤ t ≤ 1 and it repeats for every

second.

2)Obtain Magnitude and phase spectra of x(t) =exp(-2t).u(t) using Fourier transform.

3)Obtain initial and final values of x(n) for the following functions using Laplace transform

X(s)=(S+5)/(S

2

+3S+5).

4)Obtain inverse Laplace transform of the following function X(s)=(3S

2

+8S+6)/(S+2)(S

2

+2S+1).

5)Obtain Fourieer series co-efficients of the signal

X(t)=1;-T/2 ≤ t ≤ T/2

=0;else where on the period T

0

and x(t)=x(t+T

0

)

6)State and prove any two property of Fourier transform.

7)Determine Frequency response for the given difference equation y(t)+ay(t-1)=bx(t).

8)Find the Laplace transform of y(t)=x(t)+2x(t-1)+3x(t-2).

9)Consider a simple rectangular pulse x(t)=u(t+1)-u(t-1).Find Fourier transform using a linearity and time

shifting properties.

10)Obtain x(t) for the function X(s)=1/(S

3

+2aS

2

+a

2

S)

UNIT III LINEAR TIME INVARIANT –CONTINUOUS TIME SYSTEMS

PART A (MARKS)

1)Define a transfer function of continuous time LTI system.

2) Define a frequency response of continuous time LTI system.

3)Write the relationship between impulse response and transfer function of a CT-LTI system.

4)Define impulse response of the signal

5)State any two properties of CT-LTI system.

6)Write the condition for existence of Laplace Transform.

7)What are the transfer function of the following?(i)An Ideal integrator (ii)An ideal delay of T seconds

8)Find the convolution of the following

x(t)=2 for -2 ≤ t ≤ 2

=0 for elsewhere

h(t) )=4 for 0 ≤ t ≤ 2

=0 for elsewhere

9)what is the impulse response of an identity system?

10)Differentiate between natural response and forced response.

11)Define convolution integral

12)State the properties of convolution.

13)Define the state of the system

14)What is state variable?

15)What is the impulse response of y(t)=x(t-t

0

).

16)Define LTI system.

17)Find the fourier transform of impulse response.

18)Find the unit step response of the system given by h(t)=(1/RC)e

-t/RC

.u(t).

19)Define eigen value and eigen function of LTI-CT system.

20)What is the relationship between the input and output of an LTI system?

PART B (16 MARKS)

1)A CT-LTI system defined as h(t)=(2e

-5t

+e

-2t

)u(t).Determine

(i) System Function

(ii)Frequency Response

(iii)Unit Step Response

2)Derive the state variable equations and matrices of CT-LTI system.

3)Find (i)Impulse response and (ii)Step response of the following LTI system

H(s)=S/(S

2

+5S+6)

4)Obtain the (i)Direct I form and (ii)Direct II form realization for the LTI system defined by

H(s)=(S

2

+3S+2)/ (S

2

+5S+6)

5)Explain Final and initial value theorem.

6)Find the frequency response for the full wave rectified signal.

7)Consider an LTI system whose response to the input x(t)=(e

-t

+e

-3t

).u(t) is y(t)=(2e

-t

-2e

-4t

)u(t).Find

the system’s impulse response.

8)Find the step response of the system whose impulse response is givn as h(t)=u(t+1)-u(t-1).

9)Find the response of the system with impulse response h(t)=e

-3t

u(t) for the input signal

x(t)=u(t-3)-u(t-5).

10)Find the convolution of the following signals x

1

(t)=e

-at

u(t) x

2

(t)=e

-bt

u(t).

UNIT IV ANALYSIS OF DISCRETE TIME SIGNALS

PART A (2 MARKS)

1)What is meant by aliasing?

2)Write the final value theorem in Z transform.

3)What is ROC?

4)Obtain the block diagram for the given differential equation y’(t)+ay(t)=bx(t)

5)State convolution property of DTFT.

6)State sampling theorem.

7)Define DTFT pair.

8) Find the convolution of sequence x(n)={1,2,2} h(n)={1,1,1}

9)How can avoid aliasing?

10)Define Z-transform.

11)State the methods to find inverse Z-transform.

12)State the convolution property of Z-transform.

13)Determine the Z-transform of x(n)=o(n)÷0.95o(n-6)

14)What is the relation between the Z-transform and Fourier transform of DT signals?

15) State Parseval’s of Z-transform.

16)What is anti aliasing filter?

17)List any two properties of ROC in Z-domain.

18)Define unilateral Z-transform.

19)What is the inverse Z-transform of 1/1-az

-1

?

20)Write differentiation and intgegration property of Fourier transform.

PART B (16 MARKS)

1)State and prove Low pass sampling theorem with neat spectral Diagrams.

2)Determine the DTFT of the sequence x(n)={1,-1,1,-1}

3)Write the properties of Ztransform and prove any three.

4)Find DTFT using Radix-2 method x[n]={1,-1,1,-1,1,-1,1,-1}.

5)Find the DTFT of the following sequences.

(i)x[n]=1 for |n|≤N

=0 for |n|≥N

(ii)x[n]=a

-n

.u[-n] |a|<1.

6)Find the convolution of the following signals using Z-transform

X1(n)=U(n-1) and x2(n)=(0.5)

n

U(n).

7)Find the x[n].X[Z]=1/(1-3/2Z

-1

+1/2Z

-2

) when ROC |Z|>1,|Z|<0.5

8)Find the convolution x(n)={1,1,1,1} and h(n)={2,3}.

9)Find the complete response of asystem with state variable system describtion matrix A= 0 1 B=2 1

-2 -3 0 1

C=1 0 D=0 .Let u1(t)=u(t) u1(t)=e

-3t

u(t).

1 1

10)Find the output sequence y(n) of the system described by the equation

y(n)=0.7y(n-1)-0.1y(n-2)+2x(n)-x(n-2).For the input sequence x(n)=u(n).

UNIT V LINEAR TIME INVARIANT –DISCRETE TIME SYSTEMS

PART A (MARKS)

1)Define Convolution sum.

2)Write any two applicatication of state variable equation and matrix.

3)Define recursive system

4)Write the condition for stability in Dscrete time LTI system.

5)Write the condition for causality of a DT-LTI system.

6)Write the relationship between DTFT and 2-Transform.

7)Bring out the difference between recursive and non-recursive systems?

8)What is meant by canonic structure?

9)What are the basic Building blocks to realize any structure?

10)Why is direct form-II is called as canonic structure?

11)What is the most general form of IIR filter?

12)Distinguish between IIR and FIR system.

13)Realize the following system y(n)=2y(n-1)-x(n)+2x(n-1) in direct form - I method.

14)List out the different ways for interconnecting any two systems

15)Find the Linear convolution of x(n)={1,2,3,4} and h(n)={2,3,4,1}

16)Deine system function.

17)Convolve the sequences x(n)={8,9,2} and h(n)={1,2,3}

18)Prove that causal LTI system the impulse response h(n)=0,for n<0.

19)Draw basic butterfly computation in FFT

20)Differentiate DIT and DIF.

PART B (16 MARKS)

1)Derive FFT algorithm to decompose DFT into successively smaller DFT using DIT Algorithm.

2)For a LTI system defined by y(n)-0.2y(n-1)=x(n),Determine the

(i)System function

(ii)Impulse response

(iii)Frequency response

3)Find the state variables Matrices A,B,C and D for a LTI systemdefined by

Y(n)-3y(n-1)-2y(n-2)=x(n)+5x(n-1)+6x(n-2).

4)Using DTFT find the impulse response and step response of the LTI system defined by H(Z)=Z/Z-0.5

5)A DT-LTI system defined by 0.02y(n-2)+0.3y(n-1)+y(n)=x()n +0.4x(n-1) obtain.

(i)Impulse response

(ii)Direct form I and II realization

6)Obtain the parallel structure realization of the system described by the difference equation

y(n)-(13/12)y(n-1)+(9/24)y(n-2)-(1/24)y(n-3)=x(n)+2x(n-1)

7)Realize the following differential equation as a direct form II structure

d

3

y(t)/dt

3

+4d

2

y(t)/dt

2

+7dy(t)/dt+8y(t)=5d

2

x(t)/dt

2

+4dx(t)/dt+7x(t)

8)Differentiate between Direct form I and Direct form II structures.

9)Realize H(s)=s(s+2)/(s+1)(s+3)(s+4) in cascade form

10)Two systems connected in parallel ar shown in figure.The impulse response of system I is

h

1

(n)=(1/3)nu(n).The impulse response function of the combined system

H(O)=(-18+5e

-jO

)/(6-5e

-jO

+e

-j2O

).Find the transfer function of system II.

x(n)

h(n)

h

1

(n)

h

2

(n)

+

h

1

(n)

+

h

1

(n)

+

h

1

(n)

+

h

1

(n)

h

2

(n)

+

h

1

(n)

h

2

(n)

+

h

1

(n)

h

2

(n)

+

h

1

(n)

h

2

(n)

+

h

1

(n)

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