Pap smear is a test your doctor does to check for signs of cancer of the cervix.

The cervix is part of your uterus (womb). During a Pap smear, your doctor takes a sample of cells from your cervix to be tested. To take the sample, your doctor will put a special instrument called a speculum into your vagina. This helps open your vagina so the sample can be taken. Your doctor will gently clean your cervix with a cotton swab and then collect a sample of cells with a small brush, a tiny spatula or a cotton swab. This sample is put on a glass slide and sent to a lab to be checked.

An endometrial biopsy is a procedure to remove a small sample of the lining of the uterus
An endometrial biopsy may also be done to evaluate the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding, to check for excessive growth of the endometrium (endometrial hyperplasia), or to check for possible endometrial cancer. is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the pelvis, in lymph nodes in the abdomen, or in other parts of the body.

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Radiation. Radiation therapy is the use of high-dose X-rays to kill cancer cells Hormone therapy. If the cancer has spread to other parts of your body, synthetic progestin, a form of the hormone progesterone, may stop it from growing. The progestin used in treating endometrial cancer is administered in different doses from the progestin used in hormone replacement therapy for menopausal women.

obesity. In some cases. diabetes. The procedure usually takes just a few minutes. Imaging tests are used in patients with certain medical conditions such as severe high blood pressure. or ultrasound may help diagnose cancer of the uterus. or other types of cancer. killing cancer cells outside the uterus. . D & C is also an outpatient procedure. your doctor may recommend chemotherapy for endometrial cancer. Dilatation and curettage (D & C) involves dilating (widening) the cervix (the opening of the uterus) and inserting an instrument to scrape or suction the uterine wall and collect tissue. This tissue is tested in a lab for cancerous or precancerous cells. In these patients. Chemotherapy. Each type How is endometrial cancer diagnosed? Your doctor will diagnose endometrial cancer by performing one or more of the following procedures: • • • Endometrial biopsy is usually done in your doctor’s office. These drugs enter your bloodstream and then travel through your body. These patients may not be able to safely have anesthesia. Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. You may receive chemotherapy drugs by pill (orally) or through your veins (intravenously). CT scan. It takes about an hour and usually requires general anesthesia (puts you in a sleep-like state). imaging tests such as an MRI scan. It involves inserting a narrow tube into the uterus through the vagina and removing a small amount of tissue from the uterine wall.