# ` Christian Rivero Statistics Solution # Problem Set 2

1. Light Bulbs problem Four brands of light bulbs are being considered for use in the final assembly area of the Saturn plant in Spring Hill, Tennessee. The director of purchasing asked for samples of 100 from each manufacturer. The numbers of acceptable and unacceptable bulbs from each manufacturer are shown below. At the .05 significance level, is there a difference in the quality of the bulbs? Manufacturer ABCD Unacceptable 12 8 5 11 Acceptable 88 92 95 89 Total 100 100 100 100 Answer: Null: There is no difference in the quality of bulbs Alternative: There is difference in the quality of bulbs Uses chi square test to test the hypothesis that there a difference in the quality of the bulbs produced by different manufacturers. between A and B: no between A and C: yes between A and D: no between B and C: no between B and D: no between C and D: yes p=213,9=0.05 213 . 0.05 P=.157 > a= 0.05 accept the null. There is no difference in the quality of the bulb.

2. Quality control department town problem National News 20 15 200 235 Sports 10 30 225 265 Undercharge Overcharge Correct Price Total .

87/x ± 2.0.58757) A straight-line regression has the formula y = 11.0738 (r = -0. There is a significant positive relationship between the number of bidders and the amount of winning bid on highway projects. which is a slightly better fit. but neither is a particularly good fit. An inverse relation has a regression equation of y = 5.70). Alternative Hypothesis: There is a significant relationship between the number of bidders and the amount of winning bid on highway projects.3. Decision: Reject the Null (p=0.70638).4667x ± 2.3707 (r = 0.23 .72 + 13. . as shown by the rms errors and the correlation factors Each indicates a decrease in bid with an increase in bidders. DPWH Problem Answer: Null Hypothesis: There is no significant relationship between the number of bidders and the amount of winning bid on highway projects.

0.01 level of significance and for 10-2 = 8 degrees of freedom we get the critical value = 2. .8269)2 )] = .0. Hence we conclude that there is a negative association between the number of months since the glide was purchased and the length of time the equipment was used last week.8269 * Ö[(10-2)/(1-(.4.896 Since the numerical value of the test statistic is greater than the critical value we reject the null hypothesis with 99% confidence.4.a one tailed test) The test statistic is. Cardio Glide Answer: Person Months owned(X) Hours exercised(Y) X* X Y*Y X*Y Jim 12 4 144 16 48 Claire 2 10 4 100 20 Juan 6 8 36 64 48 Neil 9 5 81 25 45 Jonalyn 7 5 49 25 35 William 2 8 4 64 16 Joshua 8 3 64 9 24 Melvin 4 8 16 64 32 John 10 2 100 4 20 James 5 5 25 25 25 Total 65 58 523 396 313 The hypothesis to be tested is: Ho: r = 0 H1: r < 0 (hypothesizing a significant negative correlation between the two variables . t = r Ö[(n-2)/(1-r2 )] = .1593 From the t-table for 0. .

5. home sample A sample of 12 homes sold last week is selected.1 1.2 1.9 1.087 12  2 t= = . Thus.4 1. We cannot conclude that there is a positive correlation between the size of the home and the selling price.8 1. p>0.30) There is no significant relationship between the size of the home and the selling price.3 0.8 Selling Price ( thousands) Y 100 110 105 120 80 105 110 85 105 75 70 95 1160 Decision: Accept the null (p=. there is no association between the home size and the selling price of 12 homes sold H 1 : p  0.4 1.275 1  . the selling price (reported in thousands) also increases? Home Size (thousands of square feet) X 1.05 Null Hypothesis: There is no significant relationship between the size of the home and the selling price .1 1.0 1.3 1.1 Total 13. Reject H 1 if t > . Can we conclude that as the size of the home (reported below in thousands of square feet) increases.0076 Alternative Hypothesis: There is a significant relationship between the home size and the selling price Level of Significance: 0.2 0.

.6.

there is a significant difference among participants who’s body esteem is high.83333 Variance 3777.75 Df 2 33 35 MS 1584.048 F 7.66667 14.789 Decision: (F crit 3.366186 P-value 0.2.F7. Alternative: There is a significant difference among participants with high.2849 Count 12 12 12 Sum 447 260 178 Average 37.3) Reject the null.083 215.8788 109. medium and low body esteem in terms of high frequency sexual intercourse Level of significance: 0.002265 F crit 3.167 7096. medium and low body esteem in terms of high frequency of sexual intercourse.4773 157.583 10264. . medium and low in terms of sexual intercourse.7. Therefore.05 Computation: ANOVA single factor Summary Groups High Body Esteem Medium Body Esteem Low Body Anova’ Source of Variation Between groups Within groups Total SS 3168.25 21. Body Esteem Problem Answer Null Hypothesis: There is no significant difference among participants with high.

364 Sample standard deviation sD = 8. D = X2 . It is assumed that X1 and X2 are normally distributed. There is no need to be concerned with equal or unequal variances. we fail to reject Ho. Based on the data. .f. we obtain the following results Sample size n = 11 Sample mean D-bar = 7.370/√11 = 2. Survey conducted at Central University It is most appropriate to adopt a paired t-test for this problem. the critical t-value with 10 d.8.370 The hypotheses are Ho: μ1 = μ2 H1: μ1 ≠ μ2 The test statistic is T = D-bar / sD/√n = 7.01.X1 shall denote the difference. Thus. respectively.169 Since the test statistic does not exceed the critical t-value.918 Given that α = 0. If X1 and X2 denote the weight of a student before and after. the richer Filipino food will cause an increase in weight.364 / 8. Hence the 2 sets of data will be combined and tested based on their differences. = 3.o.

As the months increase. Calorie Watchers Summary of the data: Name Morco Lim Tan Yap Cruz Moran Chan Cruz An Chan Weight Change Gained Lost No change Gained Lost Gained Gained Lost Lost Lost There is an inverse relationship between the variables.9. . the numbers of exercise decreases.

Reject Ho. There is a negative association between months owned and hours exercised. 1. Quality control department town problem National News 20 15 200 235 Sports 10 30 225 265 Undercharge Overcharge Correct Price Total .