Latin American Culture

Enrique Tamés Muñoz, Ph.D.

DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey . However. we will understand culture as: The conformation of values.An idea of culture Culture is hard to be defined because it represents a multidimensional reality. and activities that a group of people adopts in order to live in community throughout time. for the purposes of this course. behaviors.

Latin American Culture • Latin American Culture is the result of the confrontation of several cultures. European traditions Ameridian traditions African traditions Latin American Culture DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey .

Members adopt the culture by convenience and not by inducement. in which one culture dominates the other.Own and imposed cultures • Own cultures: arise from the necessities that exist within the relationships of a community. DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey . • Imposed cultures: result from the encounter with another culture.

Beliefs: people base much of their cultural traditions in beliefs. mainly religious.Elements of culture • Traditions: diverse social agents tend to create everyday activities that have a defined origin and a reason for being. It is much easier to recognize others customs than the own because differences are evident when one’s culture is the benchmark. And religions may shape other social spheres such as politics or economics. Customs: Customs become obvious when they are compared between two or more societies. Traditions are capable of creating identity links between the members of a community. DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey . • • • Values: not understanding the inherent values of a dissimilar culture will unquestionably create difficulties when trying to create intercultural links.

 Non-integration. Indigenous cultures have taken two main paths:  Integration with the European culture. • Both paths lead to:  The destruction of the indigenous cultures or the denial of their historical existence. DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey .Cultural integration…or disintegration • Latin America is an example of both.

Cultural destruction • Do dominant cultures have the right to marginalize native cultures? Or • Should dominant cultures lead native cultures to modern ways of living? • The solution: • Let the indigenous cultures progress without having to adopt modern ideologies. DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey .

DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey .Ethnic coexistence • Cultures can coexist but inevitably a particular culture will try to dominate the alien. the different. • This is the reason why Latin America faces cultural identity problems: the region can’t differentiate between what is own and what is alien.

but those that can transform according to the circumstances. DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey . Even if this means to adopt alien cultural elements. History shows that surviving cultures are not the ones that isolate.Cultures change over time • Cultures are not static. they have a natural inertia to change.

• DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey .Cultural encounters • Latin American cultures have arisen as a result from the encounters with different cultures. which for historical reasons came to occupy the same territory. Subsequently. during the colonial period the new mestizo culture gradually acquired self-identity up to the stage of wanting their independence from their conquerors.

and even when they lived in slavery. DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey . has steadily and almost uninterrupted received flows of immigrants from East Asia and Africa. • African cultures brought not only their color but also their manners. their beliefs. for five centuries.African and Asian influence • The Americas.

in 1810 white population in the region was conformed by 3 million 276 thousand.African and Asian Influence • By 1650 there were 380 thousand blacks. located only in South America. DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey . • As a comparison. and by 1820 the whole region housed approximately 6 million 400 thousand Africans.

but especially in Peru and Cuba. at different times of the XIX and XX Century fled to Brazil and Peru.African and Asian influence • Social instability forced many Chinese communities to settle in México and Central America. DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey . • The Japanese.

ethnicities. DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey .Latin American Culture • As you can tell. and different historical moments of encounters make the Latin American complex to be full of particularities. the plurality of cultures.

L. © Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey. N. 2013.L..” DR© Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey . Tecnológico. Monterrey. 64849. México.R. C.P. “It is prohibited the reproduction of all or part of this work by any means without prior express written consent of the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501.R. N. Col. Monterrey.