>L jL/]Gb pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª, ef]hk'/, sf]zL, g]kfn .

>Ldfg ==================================== ======================Ho" ==================================== ==================================== == ==================================== ==================================== == ljifo M— ;xof]u ul/lbg'x'g ;DaGwdf . dxf]bo, pko'{Qm ;DaGwdf o; ljBfnon] ljBfnossf] :df/Lsf k|sfzg ug]{ qmddf o; ljBfnosf] P]ltxfl;s ;To—tYo ljj/0f vf]hL ug] { sfo{ hf/L /x]sf] x'gfn] tkzLnsf k|Zgx?sf cfwf/df oxfF;Fu ePsf cg'ejx? k|bfg u/L ;xof]u ul/lbg'x'g ljBfno xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5 .
!=s'n'ªdf ;aeGbf klxn] k9fpg] sfo{sf] yfngL slxn] / sxfFaf6 eof] ? @=To; ;dodf k9fpg] lz sx? sf] sf] x'g'x'GYof] ? #=To; cjwLdf ljBfnox? vf]Ng] k|d'v e"ldsf s;—s;af6 s;/L lgjf{x ul/of] ? $=s'n'ª, cu|fv] k|fylds kf7zfnfsf] :yfkgf s'g ldltdf ePsf] xf] ? / k9fpg] ; +:yfks lz s / ;]qm]6/L sf] sf] x'g'x''GYof] ? %=pQm k|fylds kf7zfnf s'g ldltdf cu|fv] ldl8n :s"ndf cku|]8 eof ] ? / To; ;dodf ;]qm]6/L / k|wfgfWofks sf] sf] x'g'x''GYof] ? ^=pQm ldl8n :s"n s'g ldltdf jL/]Gb xfO{:s"ndf cku|]8 eof] ? / To; ;dodf ;+:yfks ;b:o -cWo klg ePdf_ jf ;]qm]6/L / k|wfgfWofks sf] sf] x'g'x''GYof] ? &=xfnsf] jL/]Gb pRr df= lj= cu|fv] k|fylds kf7zfnfsf] lg/Gt/ ?k xf] jf xf]Og ? ;fy} o;sf] :yfkgf ldlt @)!!, @)!* / @)!( dWo] s'g rfFlx ;xL xf ] ? *=o; ljBfnosf] Oltxf; n]vg ;DaGwL oxfFsf] ;'emfj s]xL eP lnlvt ?kdf pknAw u/fOlbg'x'g ljBfno xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5 .
1

;xof]usf]nflu wGojfb .

o; >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] cltl/Qm sfo{snfk ;ldltn] k|yd k6s ldlt @)^!÷(÷& ut] ;+rfng u/]sf] sljtf uf]li7 df k|yd x'g] >L ;Ltf lji6 nfO{ k| f]T;fxg :j?k of] k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 .

k|frfo{ o; >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] cltl/Qm sfo{snfk ;ldltn] k|yd k6s ldlt @)^!÷(÷& ut] ;+rfng u/]sf] sljtf uf]li7 df l4tLo x'g] >L zld{nf clwsf/L nfO{ k|f]T;fxg :j?k of] k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 .

k|frfo{

o; >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] cltl/Qm sfo{snfk ;ldltn] k|yd k6s ldlt @)^!÷ (÷& ut] ;+rfng u/]sf] sljtf uf]li7 df t[tLo x'g] >L ;'/]Gb| /;fOnL nfO{ k|f]T;fxg :j?k of] k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 .

2

k|frfo{ o; >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] cltl/Qm sfo{snfk ;ldltn] k|yd k6s ldlt @)^!÷ (÷& ut] ;+rfng u/]sf] sljtf uf]li7 df rt'y{ x'g] >L n]vaxfb'/ vqL nfO{ k|f]T;fxg :j?k of] k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 .

k|frfo{

o; >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] cltl/Qm sfo{snfk ;ldltn] ;+rfng u/]sf] k|ltof]lutfTds lgjGw k| ltof]lutfdf k|yd x'g] >L u+ufs'df/ /fO{nfO{ k| f]T;fxg :j?k of] k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . k|frfo{

o; >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] cltl/Qm sfo{snfk ;ldltn] ;+rfng u/]sf] k|lto]lutfTds lgjGw k| ltof]lutfdf låtLo x'g] >L ;'dg a'9fyf]sLnfO{ k| f]T;fxg :j?k of] k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . k|frfo{
3

o; >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] cltl/Qm sfo{snfk ;ldltn] ;+rfng u/]sf] k|lto]lutfTds lgjGw k| ltof]lutfdf t[tLo x'g] >L zDe' a:g]tnfO{ k|f]T;fxg :j?k of] k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5. k|frfo{

ljifoM— wGojfb kq
>Ldfg cWoIfHo"
4

rf}ls8fF8f ;dfh, ef]hk'/ sf7df8f}+
k|:t't ljifosf] ;DjGwdf rf}ls8fF8faf6 sf7df8f}+ uP/ ljleGg k]zf Joj;fo u/L a:g' ePsf JolQm JolQmTjHo"x? af6 :yflkt rf}ls8fF8f ;dfh ef]hk'/, -sf7df8f}+_ n] rf}ls8fF8f ufpF ljsf; ;ldltsf cltl/Qm vf6Ddf, bf]efg], g]kfn]8fF8f, jfnf, lzz'jfvf]nf :yfoL 7]ufgf ePsf cfly{s ? kn] ljkGg ljBfyL{x?nfO{ ljleGg bftf ;:+yf Pj+ JolQmx? ;dIf cg'/f]w u/L k|lt ljBfyL{ ?=#,))).– sf b/n] hDdf @# ljBfyL{x?sf nflu ? ^())).– k6s] 5fqj[lQ] / ;a}sf nflu k|df0f—kq pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ o; ljBfnosf] k| f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?sf] egf{ Pj+ cWoogdf cfsif{0f a9fpg] cg's/0fLo sfo{ u/L ;xof]u ug'{ ePsf]df eljiodf klg o:tf ;xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf;sf ;fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf ;fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 .

z+s/s'df/ /fO{ sfsL{{ k|= c= Jo= ;=

s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/ k|frfo{

e/ts'df/ cWoIf lj=

5

ndf pNn]lvt sfuhftx? k7fOPsf] Joxf]/f cg'/f]w 5 . bf]efg].DjGwdf o.dIf cg'/f]w u/L k|lt ljBfyL{ ?=#.dfhnfO{ k7fPsf] wGojfb kq yfg —! -^_ ljBfyL{x?sf] s[t1tf kq yfg —! 6 . g]kfn]8fF8f.:+yf Pj+ JolQmx? .+:yf Pj+ JolQmx?nfO{ pknJw u/fOlbg'x'g cg'/f]w 5 . g]kfn . ljifoM— wGoafb kq @)^!÷!@÷! >Ldfg cWoIfHo" rf}ls8fF8f .dfh. lzz'jfvf]nf :yfoL 7]ufgf ePsf cfly{s ?kn] ljkGg ljBfyL{x?nfO{ ljleGg bftf .f] sf] ekf{O{x? nufPt tkl.DjGwLt . ef]hk'/. sf]zL.q @)^@/)^# df cWoog/t rf}ls8fF8fsf cltl/Qm vf6Ddf. ef]hk'/ sf7df8f}+ k|:t't ljifosf] .>L jL/]Gb pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª. ljBfnodf z}lIfs . tkl. jfnf.+:yf Pj+ JolQmx?nfO{ k|bfg ug]{ wGojfb kq yfg—@# -.– sf b/n] hDdf @# ljBfyL{x?sf nflu ? ^()))._ -$_ .))).f—kq ljt/0f u/L .– k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf ljt/0f ug{sf] nflu k7fOPsf] ?kof / k|z+.n -!_ e/kfO{ yfg —$^ -@_ k6s] 5fqj[lQ k|fKt ug'{kg]{ ljBfyL{x?n] eg'{kg]{ kmf/fd yfg—@# -#_ k6s] 5fqj[lQ k|bfg ug]{ .

fy} pRr dfWolds lzIff k/Lifb. If]qs} .sf] hfgsf/L k7fPsf] Joxf]/f cg'/f]w 5 .fgf]l7dL.xof]ux? 7 .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] @ -b'O{_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd ?=^))).du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf . eQmk'/df klg o. sf7df8f}+ . k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L dlNk OG6/g]zgn sn]h dxf/ghu~h.))). ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f . . . ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf dlNk OG6/g]zgn sn]h 5fqa[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #. -5 xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o. k|:t't ljifosf] .fy} k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] cfd hg.sf/fTds k|efj k/]sf] / lh= lz= sf=ef]hk'/sf .k'gZr M cGo cfjZos sfuhftx? k7fpb} nlug] 5 .d'bfodf .dfh. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.

lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf. sf7df8f}+ . 8 .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5.= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L anaxfb'/ tfdfª dxf/fhu~h. k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= . rqmky.sf .

= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L cld/ zfSo nlntk'/ . k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= . ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf Sky Overseas Services pra. Ltd 5fqa[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf. 9 .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd ?=#))).'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o. -tLg xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k| f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5.dfh.))).fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] . ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.k|:t't ljifosf] .sf .du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf . ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f . If]qs} .

sf .dfh.dfh.– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd ?=#))). If]qs} .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 10 .DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.))).'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o. k|:t't ljifosf] .))).DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] . ef]hk'/ xfn cd]/Lsf . k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= .xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf. ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .k|:t't ljifosf] .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf . ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf Goodwill Handicraft 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #. -tLg xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ? kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o. ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L uf]ljGbaxfb'/ clwsf/L rf}sL8fF8f @. ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf OGb| / gGbs'df/L clwsf/L 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.

5fqj[lQ /sd ?=#))). ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 11 .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5.'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L a. k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= . If]qs} . ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.f{ . ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f . k.dfh.sf .du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf . -tLg xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k| f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o. k|:t't ljifosf] .'?l4g cG.f/L lj/u~h.fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .

k|:t't ljifosf] .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5.= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L 8f= h}g'l4g cG.xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf. ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f . ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.dfh.f{ .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd ?=#))).))).'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] . -tLg xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k| f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o. ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf g]zgn d]l8sn sn]h 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ? 12 .du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .f/L lj/u~h.5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf g]zgn d]l8sn sn]h 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ? = #.sf . k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf . k. If]qs} .

DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L s'a]/ sfsL{ rf}sL8fF8f @ ef]hk'/ xfn sf7df8f}+ . If]qs} . k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= .= #.– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd ?=#))).xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5. k|:t't ljifosf] .sf .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o. ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .))). -tLg xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k| f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.dfh.du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .f sfsL{ 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt 13 . ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf 6]saxfb'/ / t'n.

'o{axfb'/ a:g]t 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.sf .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd ?=#))).du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5.))). ljBfnodf 14 . k|:t't ljifosf] .ljBfyL{ ?= #.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] . -tLg xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o. ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd ?=#))). -tLg xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k| f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L pdf a:g]t -sfsL{_ dflnufpF. ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf lzjs'df/L a:g]t / . If]qs} .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .dfh.xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.))). ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o. k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= . sf7df8f}+ .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.

If]qs} .du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf 15 . ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .sf . k|:t't ljifosf] .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5. ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf kbdaxfb'/ / kbds'df/L lu/L 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .))). If]qs} .xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .dfh.'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o. k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= .sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd ?=#))). ef]hk'/ xfn sf7df8f}+ .= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L pQd lu/L rf}sL8fF8f !. -tLg xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k| f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.

fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf . k|:t't ljifosf] .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o. 16 . If]qs} . 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.sf .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd ?=#))). k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5.cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .dfh. ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf 8Lsf.xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.))).du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L 8Lsf.sf . -tLg xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf . kl/jf/ sf7df8f}+ .DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] . ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .

ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .ef. -PSsfO.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] & -. k|:t't ljifosf] .dfh.'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.sf .))). xhf/_ pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ? kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L gf/fo0f >]i7 z+v'jf. If]qs} . k|= c= cWoIf k|frfo{ 17 .du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= .xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf. ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf /]lhgf >]i7 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.ft_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd ? =@!))). ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5. vfFbaf/L .

= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ 18 .= sfsL{{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L s]zj sfsL{ afx|3/]. emfkf . k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= . ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .dfh.fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 .))).– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x? nfO{ o. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o. If]qs} .du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= . k|:t't ljifosf] . ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf gf]j]n Ps]8]dL 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.sf .

'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.Wild Institute Of Advanced studies dxf/fhu~h .du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .J. k|:t't ljifosf] .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 .@)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L A.fË nfdf 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] @ -b'O{_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x? nfO{ o. ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf nJ.= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ 19 .DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.sf . If]qs} . k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= .dfh.))). ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .

@)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq >L CORNEL Nepal Study Programme lslt{k'/ . ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf CORNEL 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .dfh. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .sf .xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf. ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .))). k|:t't ljifosf] .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 . k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= .= sfsL{{ @)^@÷!@÷% k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ ljifoM— wGoafb kq 20 . If]qs} .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.

ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf dlNk OG6/g]zgn sn]h 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.))).du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf . sf7df8f}+ . k|= c= cWoIf z+s/s'df/ /fO{ lj= Jo= . If]qs} .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.= sfsL{{ k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L e/ts'df/ @)^@÷!@÷% ljifoM— wGoafb kq 21 .dfh. k|:t't ljifosf] .sf .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] @ -b'O_{ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.>L dlNk OG6/g]zgn sn]h dxf/ghu~h. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o. ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 .

dfh.= df :yfoL a.dfh. ePsf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .))).fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 . ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o. ePsf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f . k|= c= z+s/s'df/ /fO{ /fO{ @)^!÷!)÷@! cWoIf lj= Jo= .f]af. ljBfnodf rf}ls8fF8f uf=lj=.>Ldfg k|sfz kf7s Ho" >Ldfg dgf]x/L pkfWofo Ho" k|:t't ljifosf] .sf.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf SIT + WISCONSIN 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.= df :yfoL a.xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o. If]qs} .DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .f]af.= s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L vu]Gb|s'df/ k|frfo{ ljifoM— wGoafb kq >Ldfg k|sfz kf7s Ho" >Ldfg dgf]x/L pkfWofo Ho" k|:t't ljifosf] . ljBfnodf rf}ls8fF8f uf=lj=.ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf SIT + 22 .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .

))).f]af.fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf . ljBfnodf rf}ls8fF8f uf=lj=. k|= c= z+s/s'df/ /fO{ /fO{ @)^!÷!)÷@! cWoIf lj= Jo= .sf .= s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L vu]Gb|s'df/ k|frfo{ ljifoM— wGoafb kq >Ldfg ch'{gk|.sf.fb afF:tf]nf 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.fb afF:tf]nf Ho" k|:t't ljifosf] . If]qs} .dfh.– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.))). ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o. ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf ch'{gk|.fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf . If]qs} .xof]ux? lg/Gt/ k|fKt x'g] ljZjf. ePsf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f . ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] @ -b'O{_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf. 23 .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 .DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.WISCONSIN 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.= df :yfoL a.fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 .du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .

fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 . k|= c= k|frfo{ cWoIf lj= Jo= . sf7df8f}+ k|:t't ljifosf] .sf .f]af. If]qs} .k|= c= z+s/s'df/ /fO{ /fO{ @)^!÷!)÷@! cWoIf lj= Jo= .= 24 .du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf . ljBfnodf rf}ls8fF8f uf=lj=.))).– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o. gofFafg]Zj/.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .= df :yfoL a. ef]hk'/ -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf gf]j]n Ps]8]dL 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o. ePsf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .= s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L vu]Gb|s'df/ k|frfo{ ljifoM— wGoafb kq >Ldfg s]zj sfsL{ Ho" >L gf]j]n Ps]8]dL.dfh.xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.

f/L Ho" >L g]zgn d]l8sn sn]h.'?l4g cG.sf .z+s/s'df/ /fO{ /fO{ @)^!÷!)÷@! s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L vu]Gb|s'df/ ljifoM— wGoafb kq >Ldfg 8Da/axfb'/ 3n] Ho" k|:t't ljifosf] . ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.= s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L vu]Gb|s'df/ k|frfo{ @)^!÷!)÷@! ljifoM— wGoafb kq >Ldfg a. jL/u~h 25 . If]qs} . k|= c= z+s/s'df/ /fO{ /fO cWoIf lj= Jo= .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] . ljBfnodf rf}ls8fF8f uf=lj=.– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.dfh -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf af6'nLdfof 3n] 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #. ePsf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .= df :yfoL a.du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 .))).fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .f]af.

sf .k|:t't ljifosf] .'b'/ pQ/L ljs6 kxfl8 If]qdf :yflkt o.))).= df :yfoL a.– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] ! -Ps_ 5fqj[lQ sf]6fsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ /sd pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o. ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog ug{ cfslif{t u/fO{ o.f]af.du| z}lIfs sfo{qmddf cg's/0fLo of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsf]df eljZodf klg o:tf . ljBfnodf rf}ls8fF8f uf=lj=.DjGwdf ef]hk'/ lhNnfsf] .dfh -sf7df8f}+_ dfkm{t k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf g]zgn d]l8sn sn]h 5fqj[lQ jfkt k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.= s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L vu]Gb|s k|frfo{ 26 . ePsf ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf nflu >L rf}ls8fF8f .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf . k|= c= z+s/s'df/ /fO{ cWoIf lj= Jo= .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 . If]qs} .

ljBfnodf sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog/t cf7 hgf ljBfyL{x?sf] nflu ljleGg .ldltaf6 o.+:yf tyf JolQmx?. k|= c= z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|frfo{ cWoIf lj= Jo= . ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?sf] egf{ Pj+ cWoogdf cfsif{0f a9fpg] cg's/0fLo sfo{ u/L . -sf7df8f}+_ n] rf}ls8fF8f ufpF ljsf.dfh.DjGwdf rf}ls8fF8faf6 sf7df8f}+ uP/ ljleGg k]zf Joj.fo u/L a:g' ePsf JolQm JolQmTjHo"x?af6 :yflkt rf}ls8fF8f .xof]u ug'{ ePsf]df eljiodf klg o:tf . .a}sf nflu k|df0f—kq pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ o.dfh ef]hk'/.sf .))).xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 .@)^!÷!)÷@! ljifoM— wGojfb kq >Ldfg cWoIfHo" rf}ls8fF8f .Fu cg'/f]]w u/L k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] k6s] 5fqj[lQ] / .fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf . ef]hk'/ sf7df8f}+ k|:t't ljifosf] .= s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L vu]Gb|s'df/ /fO{ 27 .

s] .DjGwdf ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?sf] o.= :t/Lo tflnsfsf cfwf/df .d]t k|fKt ePdf o. sf]zL. k|:t't ljifosf] . ljBfno Joj:yfkg .dfh.f / . If]qsf af}l4s . g]kfn ldltM— @)^@÷*÷# >Ldfg cWoIfHo" rf}ls8fF8f . sf]zL.= sf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ .DjGwdf .'jfvf]nf $= vf6fDdf %= s'bfssfpn] ^= d"nkfgL &= bf]efg] *= g]kfn]8fF8f (= vfFbaf/L gu/kflnsf !)= s'n'ª hDdf hDdf 5fqf =hDdf 5fq # # ! $# &@ #^ @% #( ^% #^ $) s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L k|frfo{ >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.=sf] gfd sIff !! !@ $ ^ ljBfyL{ .+3. ef]hk'/. ef]hk'/ sf7df8f}+ ljifo M– 5fqj[lQ /sd pknAw u/fOlbg'x'g . tkl./fxgf ePsf] Joxf]/f cg'/f]w ub{5' .ndf pNn]lvt ljBfyL{x?sf] uf= lj= . lzIfs :6fkm .>L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª. ef]hk'/ 28 . ljBfnodf cWoogsf] nflu cfsif{0f ug{ tyf tL ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs pGgogsf] nflu rf}ls8fF8f .Dd w]/} ljBfyL{x?n] kfpg] u/L k6s] 5fqj[lQ /sd pknAw u/fOlbg'x'g cg'/f]w 5 .fy} o.j{q k|z+.+:of sIff !@ % & !) ! ! ! ! hDdf ljBfyL{ !& !! !^ ! ! ! $ # ! *@ !#& &@ ^% s}lkmot != rf}ls8fF8f @= afnf #= l.'lglZrt x'g]5 eGg] o.n qm=.dfh..d'bfo Pj+ lzIffk|]dLx?sf] lgisif{ /x]sfn] tkl. lzIfs cleefjs .dfh sf7df8f}+af6 k|fKt 5fqj[lQsf] . If]qsf u/Lj tyf h]xGbf/ ljBfyL{x?sf] z}lIfs eljZo . g]kfn ldltM— @)^@÷*÷# >Ldfg cWoIfHo" rf}ls8fF8f .ldlt. pQm 5fqj[lQ sfo{qmd rf}ls8fF8fsf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ dfq geO cGo uf= lj= . = uf=lj=. ef]hk'/.

DjGwdf .fo u/L a:g' ePsf JolQm JolQmTjHo"x?af6 :yflkt rf}ls8fF8f . k|:t't ljifosf] .xof]ux? lg/Gt/ ?kdf k|fKt x'g] ljZjf.Fu cg'/f]]w u/L k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.sf7df8f}+ ljifo M– k6s] 5fqj[lQ k|fKt ug]{ ljBfyL{x?sf] k|ult ljj/0f k7fPsf] .– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] k6s] 5fqj[lQ / . .a}sf nflu k|df0f—kq pknJw u/fOlbg' eO{ o. tkl. . ljBfnodf z}lIfs . eQmk'/n] .fgf]l7dL.+:yf tyf JolQmx?.dfh ef]hk'/.fxg :j?k ?= %)). ljBfnosf] k|f0fsf] ?kdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x?sf] egf{ Pj+ cWoogdf cfsif{0f a9fpg] cg's/0fLo sfo{ u/L .fy wGojfb 1fkg ub{5 .fnsf] sIff !! / !@ sf] pRr dfWolds lzIff kl/ifb.o_ / .= ljBfyL{sf] gfd != @= #= zld{nf clwsf/L l6sf/fd rf}xfg nfnaxfb'/ lj=s= sIff !! !! !@ k|fKt u/]sf] 5fqj[lQsf] gfd dNkL OG6/g]zgn sn]h k/LIff kl/0ffd k|fKtfÍ ltzt k| s}lkmot lålto >]0fLdf pQL0f{ lålto >]0fLdf pQL0f{ @$! @@( !*% $*=@ $%=* gf]j]n Ps]8]dL af6'nLdfof 3n] @*$ %^=* lålto >]0fLdf pQL0f{ b'O{ ljifo cg'QL0f{ $= l:dtf v8\sf 29 .))).fy of] ljBfno kl/jf/ xflb{s s[t1tfsf .nsf] tflnsfdf pNn]v ul/Psf] Joxf]/f cg'/f]w 5 .– -kfFr .dfhsf] cfkm\g} sf]ifaf6 Ps hgfnfO{ k| f]T.n M— qm=.sf .~rfng u/]sf] jflif{s k/LIffdf k|fKt u/]sf] k/LIffkmnsf] kl/0ffd tkl.q @)^!÷)^@ df sIff !! / sIff !@ df cWoog/t cf7 hgf ljBfyL{x?sf] nflu ljleGg . -sf7df8f}+_ n] rf}ls8fF8f ufpF ljsf.ldltaf6 o. eljiodf klg o:tf .xof]u ug'{ ePsf] Joxf]/f cg'/f]w ub}{ 5fqj[lQ k|fKt ug]{ ljBfyL{x?n] @)^@ .DjGwdf rf}ls8fF8faf6 sf7df8f}+ uP/ ljleGg k]zf Joj.

'wf 3n] !@ g]zgn d]l8sn sn]h. lj/u+h *= kj{t /fO{ !@ ch'{gk|.fb af:tf]nf !^* Ps ljifo cg'QL0f{ ^= wgs'df/L sfsL{ !! dNkL OG6/g]zgn sn]h !^) b'O{ ljifo cg'QL0f{ &= .fb af:tf]nf !(# b'O{ ljifo cg'QL0f{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L k|frfo{ 30 .!@ SIT & WISCONSIN @#@ $^=$ lålto >]0fLdf pQL0f{ %= rGb|s'df/L lu/L !! ch'{gk|.

DjlGwt 5 .= j8f g+= @ a:g] >L yk/fh s§]n o.+= @)#! . ljBfnodf lj= .Fu .Dd lg/Gt/ ?kdf lzIfs kbdf /xL sfo{/t eO{/xg' ePsf] Joxf]/f k|dfl0ft ub{5' . k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L >L jL/]Gb| p= df= lj= s'n'ª. ef]hk'/ 31 .@)^!÷!@÷* hf] . sf]zL c~rn ef]hk'/ lhNnf. s'n'ª uf= lj= .fn b]lv xfn.

Principal Shree Birendra H. 32 . School @)^!÷!@÷* hf] .– .D. Koshi Zone (Nepal) has been working of a Teacher since 2031 B. and his annual salary is Rs.D. Principal Shree Birendra H.2061/12/08 To whom it may concern It is certified that Mr. 2. Thapa Raj Kattel an inhabitant of kulung V. School 2061/12/08 To whom it may concern It is certified that Mr. Thapa Raj Kattel an inhabitant of kulung V.S.DjlGwt 5 .C.S. Bhojpur District.C.Fu . Koshi Zone (Nepal) has been working of a Teacher since 2031 B. ward No..S. ward No. 90. Bhojpur District. to now in this School.. 2.S.480.

= j8f g+= @ a:g] >L yk/fh s§]n o. .Dd lg/Gt/ ?kdf lzIfs kbdf /xL/xg' ePsf] 5 .fxg :j? k ?= %)). xhf/_ / sIff !! df k| yd eO{ sIff !@ df cWoog/t Ps hgf ljBfyL{sf nflu k|f]T.+= @)#! .ndf pNn]lvt sfuhftx? k7fOPsf] Joxf]/f cg'/f]w 5 .o c. >Ldfg cWoIfHo" rf}ls8fF8f .DjGwdf o. k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L >L jL/]Gb| p= df= lj= s'n'ª.– -rf}lj. ef]hk'/ @)^!÷!@÷! sfuhft k7fPsf] .o_ sf] ekf{O{x? nufPt tkl.– -tLg xhf/_ sf b/n] k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] ?kdf ljt/0f ug{sf] nflu k7fOPsf] ?kof hDdf cf7 hgf ljBfyL{x?sf nflu ?= @$. jxfFsf] Ps jif{sf] tnj ?=().– cIf]/L gAa] xhf/ rf/ .fn b]lv xfn. ef]hk'/ sf7df8f}+ k|:t't ljifosf] .$*). ljBfnodf lj= . 33 .L dfq ePsf] Joxf]/f k|dfl0ft ul/G5 .– -kfFr . ljBfnodf cWoog/t rf}ls8fF8f ufpF ljsf. s'n'ª uf= lj= .))).DjGwdf .ldltsf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= #.))).dfh.sf]zL c~rn ef]hk'/ lhNnf.

sf/fTds k|efj k/]sf] / lh= lz= sf=ef]hk'/sf .sf] hfgsf/L k7fPsf] Joxf]/f cg'/f]w 5 . . .fgf]l7dL. k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L 34 .+:yf Pj+ JolQmx?nfO{ pknJw u/fOlbg'x'g cg'/f]w 5 .+:yf Pj+ JolQmx?nfO{ k|bfg ug]{ wGojfb kq yfg—@# -. eQmk'/df klg o.DjGwLt .n -!_ e/kfO{ yfg —$^ -@_ k6s] 5fqj[lQ k|fKt ug'{kg]{ ljBfyL{x?n] eg'{kg]{ kmf/fd yfg—@# -#_ k6s] 5fqj[lQ k|bfg ug]{ .d'bfodf .dfhnfO{ k7fPsf] wGojfb kq yfg —! -^_ ljBfyL{x?sf] s[t1tf kq yfg —! k'gZr M cGo cfjZos sfuhftx? k7fpb} nlug] 5 ._ -$_ .fy} pRr dfWolds lzIff k/Lifb.tkl.fy} k6s] 5fqj[lQsf] cfd hg.

35 .

lxt of] k|df0f–kq k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 .fxg k'/:sf/ :j?k l.= g+= @%^@ %@ ePsf 5fq >L nfnaxfb'/ lj= s= nfO{ Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary .xefuL eP/ låtLo >]0fLdf sIff k|yd ePsf]n] k|f]T.fgf]l7dL. . eQmk'/af6 .s'n'ª. sf]zL.fnsf] sIff !@ sf] jflif{s k/LIffdf o. g]kfn k|df0f — kq pRr dfWolds lzIff kl/ifb. k|frfo{ >L s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L 36 .~rflnt@)^@ . ljBfnoaf6 . ef]hk'/.

lxt of] k| df0f–kq k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . eQmk'/af6 . ef]hk'/.fnsf] sIff !! sf] jflif{s k/LIffdf o. ljBfnoaf6 .xefuL eP/ låtLo >]0fLdf sIff k|yd ePsf]n] k|f]T.~rflnt@)^@ . .fgf]l7dL.s'n'ª.– .fxg k'/:sf/ :j?k l. g]kfn k|df0f — kq pRr dfWolds lzIff kl/ifb.= g+= !()&^( ePsf 5fq >L .'dg a'9fyf]sLnfO{ gub ?= !))). 37 . sf]zL.

k|frfo{ >L s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L 38 .

:j?k of] 8fo/L / Hofldlt aS.fxg :j?k of] rf}xfgnfO{ k|f]T. ul/Psf] 5 .fnsf] jflif{s k/LIffdf o.~hLj nD.fxg :j?k of] 8fo/L / Hofldlt aS.'>.fxg :j?k of] 8fo/L / Hofldlt aS. 39 .fxg >L÷. k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . :j?k of] 8fo/L / Hofldlt aS.'>Lkjg s8]nnfO{ k|f]T.fnnfO{ k|f]T.@)^! . >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] sIff * af6 t[lto x'g] dfWolds ljBfnosf] sIff * af6 l4lto x'g] >L÷. >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] sIff ( af6 t[lto x'g] dfWolds ljBfnosf] sIff * af6 k|yd x'g] >L÷. k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 .fnsf] jflif{s k/LIffdf o.'>Ll6sf/fd 8fo/L / Hofldlt aS.fnsf] jflif{s k/LIffdf o. >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] sIff ( af6 k|yd x'g] ( af6 l4lto x'g] >L s[i0f rf}xfgnfO{ k|f]T.fxg :j?k of] 8fo/L / Hofldlt aS.fxg >L÷. k|bfg k|wfgfWofks k|wfgfWofks @)^! . k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 .fnsf] jflif{s dfWolds ljBfnosf] sIff >L÷. @)^! . k|wfgfWofks k|wfgfWofks @)^! . >L jL/]Gb| pRr @)^! .fnsf] jflif{s k/LIffdf o. k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 .'>Lk|bLk lu/LnfO{ k|f]T. >L jL/]Gb| pRr k/LIffdf o.fnsf] jflif{s k/LIffdf o.'>cf:yf 3n]nfO{ k|f]T. >L jL/]Gb| pRr @)^! . k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 .

>L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfnosf] sIff & af6 t[lto x'g] dfWolds ljBfnosf] sIff & af6 k|yd x'g] >L÷. % ljifo M– sfo{qmddf pkl:yt x'g] .DjGwdf .fnsf] jflif{s k/LIffdf o.'lGrp/L s'n'ª.'>Lk|ldnf k/fh/nL nfO{ k|f]T. ljBfnon] ldlt @)^@÷&“÷@@ ut] d+unaf/sf lbg sIff !! / !@ sf] lgoldt tyf cf+lzs k/LIffdf pQL0f{ ljBfyL{x?nfO{ awfO{ lbg] / sIff !! df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?nfO{ :jfut ug]{ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]sf]n] pQm lbg 7Ls !)M#) ah] pkl:yt x'g of] kqfrf/ ul/Psf] 5 .DjGwdf o.fxg >L÷. >L jL/]Gb| pRr @)^! . k|wfgfWofks k|wfgfWofks ldlt M– @)^@÷&“÷!# >L M– /d]z .fnsf] jflif{s k/LIffdf o.k|wfgfWofks k|wfgfWofks @)^! . k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . k|frfo{ 40 .'>L nIdL tfdfªnfO{ k|f]T. :j?k of] 8fo/L / Hofldlt aS. k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 .fxg :j?k of] 8fo/L / Hofldlt aS. k|:t't ljifosf] .

DjGwdf o.DjGwdf . ljBfnon] ldlt @)^@÷&“÷@@ ut] d+unaf/sf lbg sIff !! / !@ sf] lgoldt tyf cf+lzs k/LIffdf pQL0f{ ljBfyL{x?nfO{ awfO{ lbg] / sIff !! df 41 . ljBfnon] ldlt @)^@÷&“÷@@ ut] d+unaf/sf lbg sIff !! / !@ sf] lgoldt tyf cf+lzs k/LIffdf pQL0f{ ljBfyL{x?nfO{ awfO{ lbg] / sIff !! df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?nfO{ :jfut ug]{ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]sf]n] pQm lbg 7Ls !)M#) ah] pkl:yt x'g of] kqfrf/ ul/Psf] 5 .d 3n] s'n'ª. ljBfnon] ldlt @)^@÷&“÷@@ ut] d+unaf/sf lbg sIff !! / !@ sf] lgoldt tyf cf+lzs k/LIffdf pQL0f{ ljBfyL{x?nfO{ awfO{ lbg] / sIff !! df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?nfO{ :jfut ug]{ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]sf]n] pQm lbg 7Ls !)M#) ah] pkl:yt x'g of] kqfrf/ ul/Psf] 5 . k|:t't ljifosf] .DjGwdf o.DjGwdf .DjGwdf o.DjGwdf . % ljifo M– sfo{qmddf pkl:yt x'g] . k|frfo{ >L s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L ldlt M– @)^@÷&“÷!# >L M– lgl:. k|frfo{ >L s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L ldlt M– @)^@÷&“÷!# >L M– lji0f' s'df/L /fO{ s'n'ª. % ljifo M– sfo{qmddf pkl:yt x'g] . k|:t't ljifosf] . @ ljifo M– sfo{qmddf pkl:yt x'g] . k|:t't ljifosf] .>L s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L ldlt M– @)^@÷&“÷!# >L M– /fwf yfkf s'n'ª.

k|:t't ljifosf] . k|frfo{ >L s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L ldlt M– @)^@÷&“÷!# >L M– l8NnL uhd]/ afnf uf=lj=.DjGwdf .DjGwdf . k|frfo{ >L s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L ldlt M– @)^@÷&“÷!# >L M– lbg]z e08f/L s'n'ª. ljBfnon] ldlt @)^@÷&“÷@@ ut] d+unaf/sf lbg sIff !! / !@ sf] lgoldt tyf cf+lzs k/LIffdf pQL0f{ ljBfyL{x?nfO{ awfO{ lbg] / sIff !! df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?nfO{ :jfut ug]{ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]sf]n] pQm lbg 7Ls !)M#) ah] pkl:yt x'g of] kqfrf/ ul/Psf] 5 . k|frfo{ >L s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L ldlt M– @)^@÷&“÷!# >L M– dfgaxfb'/ /fO{ s'n'ª. @ ljifo M– sfo{qmddf pkl:yt x'g] .DjGwdf o.DjGwdf . @ ljifo M– sfo{qmddf pkl:yt x'g] .= ljifo M– sfo{qmddf pkl:yt x'g] .cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?nfO{ :jfut ug]{ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]sf]n] pQm lbg 7Ls !)M#) ah] pkl:yt x'g of] kqfrf/ ul/Psf] 5 .DjGwdf o. 42 . k|:t't ljifosf] . ljBfnon] ldlt @)^@÷&“÷@@ ut] d+unaf/sf lbg sIff !! / !@ sf] lgoldt tyf cf+lzs k/LIffdf pQL0f{ ljBfyL{x?nfO{ awfO{ lbg] / sIff !! df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?nfO{ :jfut ug]{ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]sf]n] pQm lbg 7Ls !)M#) ah] pkl:yt x'g of] kqfrf/ ul/Psf] 5 .

ljBfnon] ldlt @)^@÷&“÷@@ ut] d+unaf/sf lbg sIff !! / !@ sf] lgoldt tyf cf+lzs k/LIffdf pQL0f{ ljBfyL{x?nfO{ awfO{ lbg] / sIff !! df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?nfO{ :jfut ug]{ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]sf]n] pQm lbg 7Ls !)M#) ah] pkl:yt x'g of] kqfrf/ ul/Psf] 5 .DjGwdf o. ljBfnon] ldlt @)^@÷&“÷@@ ut] d+unaf/sf lbg sIff !! / !@ sf] lgoldt tyf cf+lzs k/LIffdf pQL0f{ ljBfyL{x?nfO{ awfO{ lbg] / sIff !! df cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?nfO{ :jfut ug]{ sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]sf]n] pQm lbg 7Ls !)M#) ah] pkl:yt x'g of] kqfrf/ ul/Psf] 5 . k|:t't ljifosf] .k|:t't ljifosf] .DjGwdf o. g]kfn 43 . k|frfo{ >L s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª. sf]zL. % ljifo M– sfo{qmddf pkl:yt x'g] .DjGwdf .ljtf 3n] rf}sL8fF8f. k|frfo{ >L s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L ldlt M– @)^@÷&“÷!# >L M– . ef]hk'/.

b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg .+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .fn d+l. g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" .+3 sfo{sf/L . lzIfs cleefjs .+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– . ef]hk'/. ef]hk'/. k|:t't ljifosf] .DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .fn d+l.+3 sfo{sf/L .DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.ldlt. z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª. g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" cWoIoM ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– . . k|:t't ljifosf] .DjGwdf . .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs .+3 sfo{sf/L .ldlt.ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.ldlt 44 ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .+3 sfo{sf/L .DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' . sf]zL. sf]zL. lzIfs cleefjs .DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs .DjGwdf .+3 sfo{sf/L .ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" cWoIo M ljBfno Joj:yfkg .

.DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf. sf]zL.ldlt. k|:t't ljifosf] .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs .fn d+l.fn d+l. g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" .DjGwdf . k|:t't ljifosf] ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt.DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg . ef]hk'/.ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– . g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" . lzIfs cleefjs .+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.DjGwdf .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs .+3 sfo{sf/L .DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .>L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– .+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .+3 sfo{sf/L .+3 sfo{sf/L .DjGwdf .DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ . sf]zL.ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] . ef]hk'/. . lzIfs cleefjs .+3 sfo{sf/L . 45 .

+3 sfo{sf/L .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] .DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt. k|:t't ljifosf] .DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf. . ef]hk'/.DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] .fn d+l.DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' . .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs .DjGwdf .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] . lzIfs cleefjs .ldlt.+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .+3 sfo{sf/L . 46 .ldlt.+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .DjGwdf . lzIfs cleefjs .k|:t't ljifosf] .+3 sfo{sf/L .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– .fn d+l. g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs . sf]zL./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– .+3 sfo{sf/L . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg . . ef]hk'/. z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª. k|:t't ljifosf] . g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" . sf]zL. lzIfs cleefjs ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .fn d+l.+3 sfo{sf/L .b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg .

DjGwdf .+3 sfo{sf/L . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg . sf]zL.DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª. lzIfs cleefjs .+3 sfo{sf/L .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] . k|:t't ljifosf] . .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– . ef]hk'/. g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" .+3 sfo{sf/L . ef]hk'/.ldlt. g]kfn 47 .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs . . k|:t't ljifosf] . sf]zL. sf]zL.ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .fn d+l.fn d+l.+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] . g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" .DjGwdf . ef]hk'/.+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .+3 sfo{sf/L .z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs .DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ . lzIfs cleefjs .ldlt.DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.

DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .ldlt. .fn d+l.DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf. z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' . .ldlt.ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– . sf]zL.b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg .+3 sfo{sf/L .DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' . k|:t't ljifosf] .fn d+l.ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] . ef]hk'/. 48 .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] .+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g . g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs .+3 sfo{sf/L .+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg . lzIfs cleefjs . lzIfs cleefjs .DjGwdf .ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" . k|:t't ljifosf] .b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg . ef]hk'/.DjGwdf .+3 sfo{sf/L .+3 sfo{sf/L .+3 sfo{sf/L . g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" . sf]zL.DjGwdf .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– .DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs .

DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.DjGwdf . k|:t't ljifosf] .ldlt.ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª. lzIfs cleefjs . g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& 49 .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] . . .+3 sfo{sf/L .ldlt. lzIfs cleefjs . sf]zL.ldlt. g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" . ef]hk'/./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs . k|:t't ljifosf] .+3 sfo{sf/L . lzIfs cleefjs .fn d+l. z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª. .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.fn d+l. sf]zL./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .k|:t't ljifosf] .+3 sfo{sf/L .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] .DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .DjGwdf .+3 sfo{sf/L .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .fn d+l.+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .+3 sfo{sf/L . sf]zL.b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg .DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf. g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] .b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg . ef]hk'/. ef]hk'/.

/ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] . lzIfs cleefjs . ef]hk'/.ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs . k|:t't ljifosf] ./ @ ut] ljlxaf/ lbgsf] !@=)) ah] ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– .+3 sfo{sf/L .+3 sfo{sf/L . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks 50 .b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg .ldlt tyf lzIfs :6fkmsf] . k|:t't ljifosf] .DjGwdf . sf]zL.DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.ldlt ÷lzIfs cleefjs . .DjGwdf dlxnf 5fqfaf.>Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" . g]kfn ldlt M—@)^!÷&÷@& >Ldfg ================================================ ====================================Ho" .ldlt.ldlt >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno ljifoM– .DjGwdf .+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .b:o M ljBfno Joj:yfkg . z+s/s'df/ /fO{ k|wfgfWofks >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.+3 sfo{sf/L .ldlt. .fn d+l.DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .fn d+l. lzIfs cleefjs .+o'Qm j]7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g cg'/f]w ub{5' .+o'Qm j}7sdf pkl:yt eOlbg' x'g .+3 sfo{sf/L .DjGwL j}7s a:g cfjZos ePsf] x'gfn] ldlt @)^@ .

– -jL.fy} pQm /sd pknJw gePdf lbOb} cfPsf] . ef]hk'/ .t{df ?= @). rf}sL8fF8f. k|:t't ljifosf] .'ljwf pknJw u/fpg g.s]sf] / o.+k"0f{ z'Ns dWo] slDtdf "pRr lzIff z}lIfs pT.lrj÷cWoIf Ho" >L uf=lj=. sfof{nodf lbPsf] lgj]bgsf] k|ltlnkL o.@)^@÷(÷!@ /sd dfu ul/Psf] .d]t lg/Gt/ x'g] .} kq .= .fy . s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L k|frfo{ 51 .fy . ljBfnodf ltg'{ kg]{ . .fx a[QL" gfdsf] 5fqa[QL /sd k|lt ljBfyL{ ?= !))).+nUg u/L k7fOPsf] Joxf]/f cg'/f]w 5 .DjGwdf o. jif{ klg pQm .))). >Ldfg uf=lj=. jif{ sIff !@ df % hgf / sIff !! df ! @ hgf u/L hDdf !& hgf ljBfyL{x? o.– -Ps xhf/ dfq_ pknJw u/fpg] / ljBfyL{x? nfO{ kof{Kt kf7\ok':ts pknJw u/fpg] . ljBfnodf cWoog/t /x]sf]n] lt ljBfyL{x?nfO{ o.lsg] Joxf]/fsf . xhf/ dfq_ k|fKt eO.f/ cfufdL jifx?df . ljBfnodf cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?n] o.t{df ut cfly{s jif{ @)^!÷)^@ sf] ufpF kl/ifbsf] lg0f{o cg'.DjlGwt ljBfyL{x?n] o.– -jL.))).DjGwdf . xhf/ dfq_ ljlgof]hg ul/lbg'x'g cg'/f]w 5 .= sf] sfof{no.'ljwf pknJw u/fpg rfn' cfly{s jif{ @)^@÷)^# df / cfufdL jif{df lg/Gt/ x'g] u/L pQm /sd ?= @).

52 .

DjGwdf o.+k"0f{ lzIfs.DjGwdf . sf]zL.Dd . ljBfyL{ tyf cleefjsx? . pQm lbg . ljBfyL{ tyf cleefjsx? .lxt lbgsf] 7Ls !) ah] hfNkf df= lj= rf}sL8fF8fdf pkl:yt eOlbg'x'g cg'/f]w ul/G5 .DjGwdf o.>L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª. k|:t't ljifosf] .+ej eP.+ej eP.lxt lbgsf] 7Ls !) ah] hfNkf df= lj= rf}sL8fF8fdf pkl:yt eOlbg'x'g cg'/f]w ul/G5 . 53 . k|:t't ljifosf] . g]kfn ldlt M—@)^#÷!÷& >Ldfg k|wfgfWofks Ho" >L ============================================ ============================================ ========================= ljifo M sfoqmdsf] ldlt kl/jt{g ePsf] .+k"0f{ lzIfs. ljBfnoaf6 hfNkf df= lj= rf}sL8fF8fdf ldlt @)^#÷!÷! @ ut] x'g] elg k7fPsf] kqfrf/ cg'.f/sf] sfo{qmd ldlt @)^#÷!÷( ut] x'g] ePsf]n] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu of] kqfrf/ ul/Psf] 5 .f/sf] sfo{qmd ldlt @)^#÷!÷( ut] x'g] ePsf]n] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu of] kqfrf/ ul/Psf] 5 . pQm lbg . sf]zL. k|frfo{ s0f{axfb'/ clwsf/L >L jL/]Gb| pRr dfWolds ljBfno s'n'ª.Dd .DjGwdf . ef]hk'/. ef]hk'/. g]kfn ldlt M—@)^#÷!÷& >Ldfg k|wfgfWofks Ho" >L ============================================ ============================================ ========================= ljifo M sfoqmdsf] ldlt kl/jt{g ePsf] . ljBfnoaf6 hfNkf df= lj= rf}sL8fF8fdf ldlt @)^#÷!÷! @ ut] x'g] elg k7fPsf] kqfrf/ cg'.

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55 55 .

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57 57 .

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