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An Addendum to Finale: An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition)
Building and Customizing the Perfect Template
What’s New in This PDF
• • • • Creating a new Custom Default File Changing a Default Font Creating a Part Template Creating a Score Template
This PDF is the update of the “Building and Customizing the Perfect Template” chapter from the ﬁrst edition of the book. Some of the information contained in the original chapter is distributed to other chapters of the second edition. This PDF is designed to supplement that and provide some additional depth, without interrupting the ﬂow of completing the chapter examples. In this chapter, we will discuss two similar types of Finale ﬁles. The Default ﬁle is the document used by Finale when creating new documents via the File > New > Default Document command or the Setup Wizard. A template is a Finale ﬁle that has been customized or personalized in some way, saved for reuse, and accessed via File > New > Document from Template. This PDF will give you a look at both types of ﬁles and how to customize them for your own work. When you use each will depend on your own projects. The importance of creating templates in Finale has changed since the ﬁrst edition of our book, thanks to the Setup Wizard. Before the Wizard, scores had to be created manually—sometimes, a very time consuming and tedious process, and a speed-bump in the creative process. In pre-Finale 2000 versions, the transposition, staff name, page format, and text had to be entered manually for each document. With the Setup Wizard, the focus for templates is shifted to ways of personalizing ﬁles to eliminate the need to repeat the same steps in every ﬁle.
Default Files: In The Beginning…
It begins with “default ﬁles.” There are seven default ﬁles located in the Components Folder, found in the Finale 2005 or 2006 folder. The default ﬁles are Finale ﬁles that serve as seeds for every new Finale ﬁle. The Maestro Default File was the starting point of most examples used in the book, except for chapter 11, which uses the Jazz Default File, and chapter 12, which uses a template that began as the Jazz Default File. Of the remaining ﬁve default ﬁles, one is for documents created with the Exercise Wizard, and another is for creating Finale Performance Assessment ﬁles. The rest serve as starting points for documents imported from Encore, Score, or through the SmartScore scanning software, which is used in chapter 8 (second edition). Selecting the Maestro or Jazz font on page 4 of the Setup Wizard determines which default ﬁle Finale opens and incorporates the information provided to the Wizard’s input ﬁelds.
Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation, Second Edition. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. All Rights Reserved.
BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE
An Addendum to Finale, An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition)
Finale names the new document Untitled #1, and subsequent documents are named Untitled #2, #3, etc., until you assign them speciﬁc names. The default ﬁle can be opened directly by using the Open command in the File menu, or by double-clicking the ﬁle. If changes are saved to the default ﬁle, those changes will be a part of all ﬁles made from that document. When and What to Customize List the elements and settings you ﬁnd yourself performing in every ﬁle you create: text expressions, auto-positioning, font choices, and so on. You can then use this list to customize your Finale environment. There are many different ways to do this; some involve changing the default ﬁle, and some do not. As an example, I’ve been working on my own list and will create a new default ﬁle based on them. I’ll show you my choices and explain why I make them. Square One I will start by creating a new ﬁle, leaving my default ﬁle unchanged. This allows you to go back to the original and start again.
Choose File > New > Default Document, to create a new document. Choose File > Save As, and name it Custom_Default. Before saving, make sure the document is being saved in the Component Files folder in the Finale 2005 or 2006 folder. If you create multiple defaults, the ﬁle names should be more speciﬁc. Click Save.
A document does not have to be located in the Components folder to be used as the default, nor does it have to be in the Templates folder. But it is important that you know where it is so you can to move it to the current Finale folder when you upgrade. I have a separate folder in my Finale 2006 folder containing all my default ﬁles, templates, and libraries, for easy moving and backing up. Options Menu The best place to begin creating a new default ﬁle is the Options menu. Most of the settings that you’ll want to tweak are found there. Throughout the book, you have been editing settings in the Options menu, but there are a lot of controls there that we haven’t talked about yet. I’ll cover some of the more frequently used controls and settings. Note especially the Display in Concert Pitch item formerly in the Document Settings dialog and the Quantization Settings item for HyperScribe. Measurement Units I use EVPUs for my unit of measurement because they were originally the only units available and I have become used to them. Now, you can choose among six different units of measurement for anything in Finale that measures distance. The active unit is indicated by a check mark. To change the unit of measurement, just select the one you want from the submenu. My selection is: • Options > Measurement Units > EVPUs
Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation, Second Edition. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. All Rights Reserved.
depending on the key in which you’re working. 191– 193). This dialog box should be familiar territory by now. . Here. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Your appreciation of this ﬂexibility may grow along with your Finale expertise. For this setting. I recommend leaving it set to Use Default Spelling for the template and making adjustments as the speciﬁc piece being entered dictates. Just click the buttons. select Options > Document Options. using the bottom two menu items. Document Options To set the Document Options. Second Edition. Many Finale users will barely scratch the surface of the parameter settings displayed here while others will embrace the ability to customize every little detail. Click on a heading in the left column and the appropriate settings will be displayed in the dialog box. pp. All Rights Reserved.An Addendum to Finale. and click OK. 5 Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. it’s easy to move back and forth as necessary. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE Enharmonics If you ever get annoyed with Finale for assuming accidentals are ﬂats when you want sharps. get to know this menu well. Program Options are covered in the beginning of chapter 10 (second edition. I’ll be making some changes. Since it only involves checking a preference. You can even create your own preferred spellings. you can tell the program to assume ﬂats or sharps. as well as pointing out other areas of interest.
On the left is the default positioning provided by Finale with Cross Layer Accidental Positioning unchecked. Barlines Select Barlines in the left column. If you do not want a ﬁnal barline. Checking Final Barline at End of Piece will automatically place a ﬁnal bar on the last measure of the ﬁle. For my template. The Barline settings are divided into two groups: All Barlines and Left Barlines. the A-ﬂat is in Layer 1 and the G-ﬂat is in Layer 2. I want Use Cross Layer Accidental Positioning to be checked. In the example below. The left barline is not necessary when the clef is present. With this setting active. All Rights Reserved. Second Edition. those settings are further down the list under Key Signatures. Checking the box in Document Settings will result in the position being changed as shown in the example on the right. Another convention used in hand-copied music is a double bar at the end of a phrase and another double bar on the left barline in the Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. Finale will look at the accidentals present in all layers and properly position them as a group rather than layer by layer. This type of layout is common in jazz and pop music when imitating the look of hand-copied music. This does not include the key signature positioning. This will track any changes made to the length of the piece and change the barline to the appropriate measure. 6 I will leave Display on Single Staves unchecked unless I am using a layout in which the clef is only displayed on the top staff of each page. . Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. uncheck this box. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) Accidentals These settings control the positioning of accidentals in relation to notes as well as to each other.
Second Edition.73438 EVPUs (0. I like the thinner lines. I am going to change the barline thickness to 1. The default lines are thicker than earlier versions.00602 inches).An Addendum to Finale. click the Default Style is Previous Measure’s Right Barline. I want Finale to Beam Four Eighth Notes Together in Common Time but not to Include Rests when Beaming in Group of Four or Beam Three Eighth Notes Before/After an Eighth Rest. Beams Select Beams in the left column. In the middle section of the dialog box. . Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE next measure. I’ve noticed a change in the look of my Finale output. The bottom section controls the line width and placement of the barlines. If you want this look. only Allow Rests To Float should be checked. All Rights Reserved. 7 Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. Over the years. The music example in this section’s dialog box allows you to preview the effect of the settings. so I’ll change several line thickness settings in my new default document to match those of an older Finale document. illustrated below. That way you only have to enter the double bar one time in the last bar of the phrase.
Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. and Chords. The Finale elements that support independent font choices are split into four categories: Lyrics. Text. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) Clefs Select Clefs in the left column. just the lyrics entered after the font is changed. not. or Arial. Each has its own popup menu with a list of subcategories. I’m not going for the hand-copied look in this document. Changing the font here will not change the lyrics already entered. then decide you’d like to see them displayed in 12 point Arial. 8 Fonts Select Fonts in the left column. Does that mean you have to enter all of them again to change the font? Of course. Check Display Clef Only on First Staff System along with Display Barlines on Single Staves. To make a short warning long. Times. Fonts can be a very large part of creating a custom Finale look. But you won’t have to go there at all if your favorite font is already set in the default document or template. All Rights Reserved.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. so I’ll leave the clef settings alone. Notation. Second Edition. which refers to a warning located just under the chord menu. . here’s what it means: Say you enter some lyrics using the default 12 point Times. Some of the elements have an asterisk. There are many different serif and sans serif fonts on the market to choose from if you want to move away from Maestro. The Change Font’s plug-in will do the trick nicely.
Select Times in the Font list. I prefer to use a text font for the numbers placed above multimeasure rests. and retain 24 point for the Size. type “TI” to shortcut the scroll. Click the Set Font button. From the Notation menu. instead of Maestro or Jazz. The new font and size will appear below the menu. All Rights Reserved. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. The text under the menu will change to indicate the current default font. 2. select Multimeasure Rest. 4. . However.An Addendum to Finale. size. Click OK. 1. Second Edition. 3. there are a few tweaks I will make using Times and Arial. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. and style for the element selected. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE 9 Steps for Changing a Font I’m not going to make a lot of alterations here because you might not have the same set of fonts on your computer.
Select Sufﬁx from the Chord menu. 2. Click OK. There are two ways of changing the sufﬁx library. 3. and style for the element selected. 3. 4. Click OK. which happens frequently in lead sheets. and repeat steps 1. and 3. 4. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) I prefer the tuplet number to be a little larger than the 10 point size in the current default. size. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. It’s a subtle difference for when the two are in close quarters. select Tuplet. The text under the menu will change to indicate the current default font. 2.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. 2. I want to give the chord symbols a different font to distinguish them from the Lyrics fonts. All Rights Reserved. Second Edition. There is an asterisk next to the Symbol in the menu. click Set Font. Click the Set Font button. click the Set Font button next to Symbol. From the Notation menu. and select the Chord tool . Check Fix Baseline Positioning. The new size is now indicated in the dialog box. In the Chord menu. Under the Replace With heading. Increase the Point Size to 12. 2. and click OK. 3. 1. Type “AR” to shortcut the scroll. Choose Chord > Change Chord Sufﬁx Fonts. any existing symbols will not be changed. and choose 11 point Arial. . Select Arial from the font list. Since the Lyrics use a serif font. and click OK. Exit Document Options by clicking OK. I’ll change the Chord Symbol and Sufﬁx fonts to a sans serif font. This means Arial will only be used for the sufﬁxes created from this point on in the document. 1. 10 1.
Press the Delete button on the right side of the dialog box. . With the ﬁrst sufﬁx highlighted. scroll down to the last sufﬁx in the library and Shift-click it. then click OK to leave the Chord Deﬁnition dialog box. to display the full dialog box as in the graphic below. Loading it now would result in having two sufﬁx libraries present in the Chord tool. to highlight all the sufﬁxes.An Addendum to Finale. 2. Choose File > Load Library. Click the Cancel button to exit the Selection window. 4. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. 5. Since I do a lot of jazz and pop orchestra work. Second Edition. 11 To load the new sufﬁx library: 1. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE Option 2 involves importing a new sufﬁx library. Since Arial is one of the two main text fonts used in the Finale defaults. and I might accidentally grab the wrong one. click the Select button to display the Chord Sufﬁx Selection window. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. Locate the Libraries folder inside the Finale 2005 or 2006 folder if it is not already selected. a sufﬁx library already exists in the Libraries folder. Under the Deﬁnition and Sufﬁx headings. 2. type Shift-1 to display the Chord Deﬁnition dialog box. All sufﬁxes will be erased. importing that library looks like a better choice. since the original is still in the Times font. All Rights Reserved. 3. To remove the existing library: 1. Click the Show Advanced button. including an extended version with more sufﬁxes for extended harmonies. 6. With the Chord tool selected.
Party of the Third Part For further customization and specialization needs. changing the default music font in Options menu will also automatically change all of the elements listed here that use the default music font—in this case. locate the Chord Sufﬁxes folder and open it. Highlight the number in the Grace Note Size box. ! Jazz Default File If you plan to use the Jazz font. there are many fonts on the market that can be used in a variety of Finale situations. 12 Return to the Document Options dialog box to resume customizing the settings. and contemporary music notation. Inside the Libraries folder. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Maestro. A list of these and other Finale-related products is located at http://www. Select Chord Sufﬁx Expanded (Arial).com/coda/. and click Open. If it is difﬁcult to see the grace notes in your score. However. The library is now loaded. 4. If you wanted to change the default from Maestro to Engraver. Click the Fonts heading again. and many artists appreciate it in live performance situations. I’ve found this to be necessary. so the overall look of the music will be more consistent and aesthetically pleasing. Second Edition. Enter a larger percentage.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. you would not have to change every element listed here individually. All Rights Reserved. There are different line settings that match the characters of the font. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. These include music fonts for Gregorian Chant. .rpmseattle. consider increasing the default size. I’ll use 65%. another Finale music font. hand-copied looks. 1. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) 3. Grace Notes Select Grace Notes in the left column. begin with the Jazz Default ﬁle. 2. The default music font for the ﬁle is shown here but it cannot be changed here. There is a separate item in the Options menu for this.
4.73538 EVPUs (0.An Addendum to Finale. • Uncheck Cancel Outgoing Key Signature 13 Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE 3. Key Signatures Select Key Signatures from the list in the left column. Second Edition. My preference is not to have the outgoing key signature cancelled. Change the Grace Note Slash Thickness to 1. unless you prefer not to use the slash. since it consumes extra space on the staff. I will not change this in the custom default since it could change based on the tempo and feel of the piece. If there is a time when you wish to change it. Check Always Slash Flagged Grace Notes. I will point out the option of changing the playback duration of the grace notes.00602 inches). . click the Set Duration button. All Rights Reserved. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. and click OK. click on a new duration in the dialog box.
5. Check Freeze Ties in the Same direction as Stems. select Up. skip this section.00602 inches) for the Thickness.00058 inches). I use Layer 3 for ensemble cues in drum set parts. check Freeze Stems and Ties. 14 Lines and Curves Select Lines and Curves in the left column. feel free to skip this section.73438 EVPUs (0. Second Edition. Under the Settings heading. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) Layers Select Layers in the left column. Under the Postscript Options heading. I want this default to have thinner lines to match the look of my scores created with earlier versions of Finale. Enter 1. This is a matter of personal preference on my part. Under the Leger Lines heading. Here are the steps for setting that up: 1. select Layer 3. Under the Line Thickness Heading. enter 1. 2. 5. All Rights Reserved. Check Adjust Floating Rest by. 6. 3.00602 inches) for the Staff Lines.73438 EVPUs (0. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press.1664 EVPUs (0. In the Settings For menu. 4.0064 inches) for the Enclosures. and enter 8 in the Steps box. 1. Change the Underline Thickness to 0. 4. If you are not entering drum set parts that require cues. enter 1. Uncheck Playback. As I stated earlier. change the underline depth to 0 (zero). 2. From the Freeze Stems popup menu. 3.84375 EVPUs (0.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. . Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. if you prefer the lines as they are. As shown in chapter 11 (second edition).
Second Edition. If I did not do this. • Enter 3168 EVPU’s (11 inches) in the Maximum Space Between Hyphens box.11111 inches) to 0. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. 15 Multimeasure Rests Select Multimeasure Rests in the left column. the number would be 32 EVPUs (0.An Addendum to Finale. All Rights Reserved. To decrease the number of hyphens. increase the distance to a size equal to or greater than the width of the page. This dialog box governs selecting the shape. or symbol. The only change I’ll make is to the Maximum Space Between Hyphens. I don’t want multiple hyphens to appear in cases where there is a large gap between syllables. This makes the appearance of more than one hyphen impossible. I must also change the default position. .5 inches) means that Finale will enter additional hyphens after each half-inch gap between syllables. select the Vertical box and change the number from 32 EVPUs (0. as well as several options for displaying and positioning the number.11111 inches) above the staff instead of sitting right on top of it. • Under the Options heading. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE Lyrics Select Lyrics in the left column. The default setting of 144 EVPUs (0. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. used for the gathered rest. Since I changed the font for the number.
All Noteheads. There are three options. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) Music Spacing Select Music Spacing in the left column. The settings you should become familiar with are the currently unchecked items under the Avoid Collision of heading. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Use this option in situations where it is absolutely necessary. a wavy line to the left of the notes. My experience has been that I rarely need this setting to be checked. I only check Chords when there is a collision of chords symbols in a score or part. Checking Articulations will help when the rolled chord indication. Adjust as your own work dictates. you should take note of this setting. so that a half note will not be placed over a quarter note. In fact. Finale’s spacing settings will provide extra space based on the position of the articulation. All Rights Reserved. If you work with chord symbols. and only in the measures that need it. every note expression will impact the spacing. If this item is checked. If you regularly have multiple voices and layers on a single staff. Second Edition. The second option. you might be tempted to check this item as part of your custom settings. sometimes the extra room can look very unnatural. and this can look unnatural. which is the default. The third option. is used.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. is for different noteheads to be offset. . Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. makes every note appear separately for the purpose of following voice leadings or attaching different lyrics. 16 Note Expressions are another special case. Not every occurrence of a chord symbol or extended sufﬁx requires extra room. This is usually caused by attachments that take up extra horizontal space to the left or right of a note. but your work might beneﬁt from making some changes here. I’m not going to make changes for my custom default. and use Mass Edit to respace only those measures where there are collisions of chords. The ﬁrst is to have no change in spacing for any unisons. That gives me the best-looking results. There are many special situations in which the auto-spacing provided by Finale will need a little help. Checking chords will provide more room between entries based on the length of the chord sufﬁx.
. Under the Show On heading. 1. enter 84 EVPUs (0.29167 inches). 17 Stem Connections Select Stem Connections in the left column. In the Shortened Stem Length box. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE Repeat Bars Select Repeats in the left column. 3. click Top Staff Only. All Rights Reserved. In chapter 10 (second edition). Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation.00602 inches). so I’ve selected it. I can create a speciﬁc Staff List to serve as the default for that document. enter 1.73438 EVPUs (0. Here.An Addendum to Finale. 1. This will steer you around the situation encountered in chapter 8 (second edition). you can choose the style of the repeat bars in your score. in which the repeat brackets appeared on all four staves of the “Entertainer” score. For Stem Line Thickness. There are two important preferences in the bottom of the dialog box. 2. I highly recommend them both. Now I will make this preference part of my default. 2. click on the box so it is highlighted. Check the Use Stem Connections box. When this custom default ﬁle becomes an actual score. I changed the Shortened Stem Length to match the Normal Stem Length. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. I prefer the curved style. Check Add Period After Number. Second Edition. If you wish to have your repeats take wings.
Select the X notehead in the Stem Connections window. If you would prefer the numbers. or height. Then. Click the Stem Connections button. 1. and all of us users. Finale automatically abbreviates the numbers for 4/4 and 2/2 time signatures. New characters can be added by clicking the Create button in the Stem Connections window. 18 Tie Options Tie controls give you the opportunity to tweak every aspect of the tie placement and arc. Here is a quick tour of how it works. edit the stem connections in the Editor before returning to the score. Second Edition. Each box has a Unit pop-up menu that allows you to change the unit of measurement independently of the unit set in the Document Settings menu. All Rights Reserved. The second dialog box is accessed by clicking the Tie Contour button. . of the tie for each of three different spans (lengths). Time Signature Options Select Stem Connections in the left column. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) Clicking the Stem Connections box allows Finale.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. In the Stem Connections Editor. and click Edit. the stems can be dragged to the desired connection position. select Time Signature Options from the submenu and uncheck the Abbreviate boxes. 2. You can also control thickness. The ﬁrst dialog box controls tie placement and breaks for key and time signatures. to set custom stem connections to non-standard noteheads. The Tie Contour dialog box controls the arc.
Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. select Bracket Unbeamed Notes Only. Alterations can range from reordering the library to move the most commonly used items to the top. Document Options. Creating Custom Libraries Libraries can be an important part of customizing your documents. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. symbols. 19 Take note of the options offered in the Placement and Appearance popup menus. Second Edition. 2. That’s all for the Document Options dialog box. shapes. Music Spacing. to adding your own settings. 1. Percussion Maps. and expressions.An Addendum to Finale. Chord Sufﬁxes and Fretboards. I’ll offer suggestions that relate to my work to use as a springboard for developing your own ideas. These items involve looking at the type of work you regularly do and preparing for as many situations as possible in advance. and save the document. uncheck Avoid Staff. I have a few alterations for the placement and appearance of the tuplets. Shapes. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE Tuplets Select Tuplets in the left column. Additional Customization Options Let’s move on to some more general considerations for a custom document. Executable Shapes. Under the Default Placement heading. Instruments. Key Signatures. Fretboard Styles. Under Default Appearance. Page Format. All Rights Reserved. Staff Styles. in case they are relevant to your own work. Click OK to exit. . Default Fonts. Clefs. Libraries can be created for Articulations. Shape Expressions. Stem Connections.
As I add sufﬁxes.aspx). a drum and percussion player. which often calls for woodwinds instrument changes. On the other hand. Second Edition. Software Synths: A Finale 2006 Update Finale 2006 adds a new dimension to playback options. Libraries are exported by selecting Save Library in the File menu. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation.mus for easy updating and expansion. and synthesizer patch changes. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) Text Expressions. The list in the graphic below displays the players installed on my computer. ! 20 When creating custom libraries. allowing software synthesizers and samplers to be accessed directly from Finale. select File > New > Document Without Libraries to start the process. I do a lot of symphony pops and theater work. and Text Repeats. including the loading speciﬁc sounds when the template is opened. Take a careful look at the libraries already in the Libraries folder of Finale 2005 or 2006. There will be no entries in the library to delete before creating the custom library. Select MIDI > Native Instruments AU/VST Setup.com/ﬁnale/features/new/nativeinstruments. I can load each one only when needed and not have to scroll through them all in every document. I’ll load Stormdrum. . In some cases. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. brass mute and instrument changes. Consider keeping some specialized libraries that can be loaded as needed. Here are the steps for conﬁguring a player. having every expression imaginable in every ﬁle might be a bit cumbersome when it comes to text expressions. Keep separate documents with names like BrassInsts. and imported by selecting Load Library and then selecting the desired library. All Rights Reserved.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. 2. I’d want to have the complete collection in every document. select a player. a wide range of percussion instruments. 3. The Native Instruments players can be incorporated into a template. Finale supports a number of Native Instruments VST and Audio Unit players. I can create a new library and bring that into my custom default or another ﬁle I am working on so that they can all be up to date. 1. A full list is available on the Finale Web site (http://www. Choose a player from the menu. ﬁnalemusic. The Garritan Personal Orchestra Sounds that come with Finale 2006 are best conﬁgured using the Setup Wizard but Finale is not limited to this group of sounds. including both the Finale GPO player and the full Gatrritan Personal Orchestra player. From the Audio Unit/VST menu. for example Chord Sufﬁxes and Fretboards. and familiarize yourself with what you already have at your ﬁngertips.
download the Finale 2006 Update PDF ﬁle from www. and Chords have baselines that can be set. Lyrics. Measure numbers can Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. that data is not lost. so you can play back the ﬁle using the SmartMusic Softsynth. 21 The player and sounds will load automatically when the document is opened. If the staves were set up using the Setup Wizard. Placement Options Many items in Finale have some sort of automatic placement that is editable to some degree. For more information about using the Garritan Personal orchestra sounds in Finale. . the sounds will have to load again each time the document is made active. All Rights Reserved. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Second Edition. 5. ! To eliminate the loading process every time the document is opened or made active. Load a sound or sounds in the player. If multiple documents are opened. Click the Edit button to the right of the player selection menu. uncheck Play Finale Through Native Instruments AU/VST in the MIDI menu. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE 4. Expressions. Click the Close Window button on the player’s window when ﬁnished. if one is available. Finale retains the players and sounds you selected. Finale will not load the sounds until you enable AU/VST playback by reselecting Play Finale Through Native Instruments AU/VST in the MIDI menu.com. The player’s window will open. Text Expressions have many placement options above and below the staff. Finale also conﬁgures a General MIDI sound.An Addendum to Finale.ﬁnalebook.
Select Staﬀ > Deﬁne Staff Styles. These four staff styles are programmed with the option of replacing the instrument name on the left side of the score. 1. I want to call attention to styles 17 through 20—the instrument transposition styles. 2.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. Smart Shape options for placement deal with shapes that attach to notes and their precise placement in relation to the notes. Finale already has 21 styles. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) be positioned in the Measure tool. Choose the Staff tool . since many of the settings are located there. the guitar tap. Revisit the Document Options settings if you want to explore further. since the score indication will not be visible in the extracted parts. that will cover most of your needs. . shown in the menu graphic. 22 Staff Styles Staff Styles controls several aspects of staff appearance: the number of staff lines. These settings can be accessed by selecting the Slur tool and choosing Smart Shape > Smart Shape Placement. Second Edition. One transposition missing from the provided Staff Styles that I use frequently enough to add it to the custom default document is the English Horn. remember to add a text expression indicating the instrument change as well. then drag the shape in the right-side window. Select the notation context in the left column. the appearance of slashes and repeat markings. All Rights Reserved. and changes in transposition. You can change the placement by dragging the shape in the dialog box or by entering numbers in the boxes below the shape window. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. and glissando shapes. While this serves as an indication in the score. Positioning is available for note-attached slurs.
or click the check box two times. Check the Abbr. . Click the New button. select (F) Up P5. All Rights Reserved. 7. 8. Click the Edit button for the Full Name and enter English Horn. 9. 10. uncheck the boxes to the left of the Full and Abbr. then click OK. Add 1 Sharp. 11.” Then click OK. For Style Name. ! 23 If you wish to disable the staff name display on a Staff Style. enter 22. From the Transposition popup menu. Click the Position button and click OK. Click the Position button and click OK. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE 3. Name and enter “Eng. 4. Staff Name. 12. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. English Horn Transposition. Click the Transposition Select button. then click OK. 13. This box enables the name entered to appear on the ﬁrst page of a score. check Copyable. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. 6. Staff Names. 5. Second Edition. Check Full Staff Name.An Addendum to Finale. Hn. Click the Edit button for the Abbr. Next to Attributes. This allows the style to be copied via the Mass Edit tool.
8. 4. 9. Second Edition. Then save the document. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) 14. Click OK one more time to exit the Staff Styles dialog box. 6. Select English Horn Transposition in the list and click OK. Only the transposition keys 6 through 9 are user-programmable. If you wish to make changes. 16. Metatools Metatools for most tools are already programmed. Implode Explode Beat spacing Note spacing Elapsed time Transposition Transposition Transposition Transposition Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. Tools with Preprogrammed Metatools 24 • • • • • Staff tool Expression tool Articulation tool Repeat tool Clef tool Tools with No Preprogrammed Metatools • • • • • Smart Shape tool Key Signature tool Time Signature tool Tuplet tool Chord tool Tool with Preprogrammed and Programmable Metatools • Mass Edit tool: Metatools are limited to the 1 through 9 number keys and to the speciﬁed functions. All Rights Reserved. 3. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. . this is the time to do so. 2. Here is a list of tools that support Metatools and the status of each in the default document. 15. 1. 5. Press Shift-5 to assign a Metatool keystroke. 7.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale.
The number of measures is not important. Finale gives me total control over page construction. I only need to transfer the dimensions to Finale. number of measures. and now I want that same ﬂexibility when using Finale. Your document now looks like this. The End of the Beginning With this foundation. 1.An Addendum to Finale. Click OK. To create different margins for right and left pages. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. Select View > Show Margins. For projects where a separate right and left page layout is required. . I became used to many different sizes and layouts of manuscript paper for parts. I need continuing pages. My First Finale Document As a hand copyist. Second Edition. and reduction percentages. I need more measures. 25 Switch to Page View if you are not already there. and other visual elements. 1. number of staves. see the Page Format for Score Dialog box located in the Options menu. 3. size. Type z-Option-[ (Mac) or Control-Alt-[ (Windows) to ﬁt the entire page in the window. Next I’ll turn my attention to page layout. “Enter wrong notes!”) The answer is quite simple. My ﬁrst project was creating the Finale version of my standard manuscript paper with a title space and eight staves on the ﬁrst page and ten staves on each of the continuing pages. It is only necessary to have enough measures to create at least two full pages of music in Page View. but that is a good start. First. You can clearly see the page margins and the individual staff systems boxes. increase the total measures so that three pages are created. I recommend creating a custom Instrument Library. All Rights Reserved. How do I get Finale printouts to look like the music I’ve been turning out by hand all these years? (Minus 50 points for anyone who just said. and to do that. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. I can save my default and set Finale to use it to begin a new document. Choose Measure > Add and enter 150 measures. Select the Measure tool. 2. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE Instrument Libraries If you use anything other than the Smart Music SoftSynth for playback. I can also customize the design to make it a little more personal. 2. I will probably make other tweaks as I use this default and templates I make from it.
6. Choose the Page Layout Tool . Select Page Layout > Update Page Layout For Score so it is checked. 3. All Rights Reserved.5 inch manuscript paper I used to write on in the pen-and-ink days. Make sure the dialog box is titled Resize Page before proceeding. 1.042 inches).50 inches). Choose the Resize Tool . 4. it will be at the proper percentage. Then click Close. Click in the upper left-hand corner of the page. EVPUs Inches Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. Second Edition. away from the music.5 by 11 inches. 26 1. Click the All Pages radio button. Change the left number to 144 EVPUs (–0. I’m going to adjust the Page Percentage and make it 8. always make sure Update Page Format is checked. Change the bottom number to 72 EVPUs (0. This performs the same function as Update Page Format in the Resize tool. 2. When formatting a document like this. This will update the percentage in the ﬁle’s default to match the number you enter in this dialog box. .25 inches) and click Apply. 7. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) First.5 by 12. When Finale creates a new page. 3. 5. Then click OK. Select Page Layout > Page Margins > Edit Page Margins.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Change the top number to –300 EVPUs (–1. 2. Enter 88 for the percentage. relative to the 9.
1. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE With the Page Margins set. All other systems in the ﬁle have the same dimensions as system 2. The amount of room on top is smaller than in the ﬁrst system.An Addendum to Finale. 2. Once that is set. EVPUs and inches are not important. That 10% reduction will provide a little extra white space on the page between each element. the Staff System sizes can be set. and there is some extra room provided by the Distance Between Systems setting. make room on page 1 for a title. . The Top number controls the distance between the top of the system box and the staff. just which spaces they control. making the page appear a little less crowded. 27 Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. All Rights Reserved. The ﬁrst goal will be to set the size of the staff. Second Edition. Choose Options > Page Format > Score. and click OK. The goal is to put ten systems on a page. EVPUs Inches This creates a staff size that is 90% of full size.30208 inches). Before beginning. The Left number controls the indent of the ﬁrst system. Under the System Scaling heading. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. The Bottom number controls the amount of space between the staff and the bottom of the system box. On the left of the music is the System Margins for system 1. To the right of the music is the System Margins for staff 2. here is a little refresher on the staff system numbers. In the following diagram. I’m ready to tackle the Staff Systems. change the Staff Height to 87 EVPUs (0.
Return to the Edit system Margins dialog box. 6. I still use Distance Between Systems in special cases when I need some extra room but it makes the math a little easier to deal with only two settings. Now if I want to make adjustments. EVPUs Inches Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. and in the Change System boxes. The next step is to create a space for the title and credits. There are three sets of numbers to juggle for system 2. . Enter 80 EVPUs (0. Leave the Left and Right at 0. not three. 28 EVPUs Inches There is a little bit of room left at the bottom of the page.60764 inches) in the Bottom box. 5. equal to two staff systems. All Rights Reserved. 2. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) I’ve made a few choices that will be reﬂected in the numbers to follow. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. I can take that room and divide it up between the Top and Bottom staff distances. there are only two numbers to change. Ready to try it? 1. 4. Feel free to adopt them or to explore your own path. I am choosing not to use an indent on the ﬁrst system.08333 inches) in the Top box and click Apply. enter 1 thru 1. the ﬁne-tuning will be done using only the Bottom distance. and rather than trying to use every bit of space. 3. Click the Select All button. Enter 600 EVPUs (2.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. I can control the space using only the Top and the Bottom distances. I am leaving the excess in case I need a little extra room on a speciﬁc system or two. Click Apply. 7.27778 inches) in the Top box. Second Edition. Enter 175 EVPUs (0. To make it even simpler. I arrived at the number using round EVPUs. but do not close the dialog box. and eliminate the Distance Between Systems value. once Top distance is set. Choose Page Layout > Systems > Edit Margins.
30208 inches). Second Edition. and save the document. Change the Page Percentage to 88. Choose Options > Page Format > Parts. . 2.An Addendum to Finale. This ﬁle is set up to be a single-line lead sheet or part. but I want the Part values to match the current state of the ﬁle. Change the Staff Height to 87 EVPUs (0. 4. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. 8. 6. 5. click OK. 1. Change the Bottom system margin to 175 EVPUs (0. 3. Set the Distance Between Staves to 0. 29 EVPUs Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. Under First Staff System margins. All Rights Reserved. so I will not be extracting parts from it. set Top to 600 EVPUs (2. refers to the document we are creating.27778 inches). Change Left to 0 EVPUs. I’ve purposely left a little room there for a copyright notice. Since I am planning to use this default to create scores. Score. Change the Top System margin to 80 EVPUs (0. Page Format > Parts There are two items in the Page Format submenu: Score and Parts. in this case. I will be changing the Score page values. Parts refers to any document extracted from this document using the Print Parts or Extract Parts commands in File menu. That means entering them manually into the Parts dialog box. 7.08333 inches).60764 inches). An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE There is a larger space between the bottom of staff system 8 and the bottom page margin.
8. and drag it up to the quarter-inch mark on the left margin ruler. horizontally aligning it with the center line. Move to page 2 of the document. Type z-R (Mac) or Control-R (Windows) to toggle the Ruler display on. and horizontally aligned with the top page margin. 1. Advance to page 3 of the document. 10. Drag the Copyright text block up so that it is in the middle of the space between the bottom system margin and the bottom page margin.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. Select the Text tool . use the Rulers. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) Inches 30 The last step is to position the text blocks on the ﬁrst three pages. The page number and title boxes must be raised. Click on the title text block. and on the left page margin. Drag the Title text block so that the handle is vertically aligned with the center line. 9. Click on the handle of the even page number text block. 4. 2. and drag it up to the quarter-inch mark on the left-side ruler. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. To help them line up horizontally. All Rights Reserved. . Second Edition. 3. 11.
any time you select Default Document from the New section of the File menu. into the Default Document box in Program Options. You can use the Setup Wizard from the Staff menu once your custom default is open. but the page size will not be automatically adjusted to ﬁt the new score.An Addendum to Finale.mus. . Is there a text font you’d rather use for the existing text blocks? Perhaps you prefer the bar numbers on every bar. add a text block in the lower left. If you use the Setup Wizard. All Rights Reserved. When you are ﬁnished with positioning. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Type the ﬁle name. and drag it up to the quarter-inch mark on the left-side ruler. To view my results. At this point. Second Edition. turn the Ruler and Margins displays off. or Jazz Default ﬁle if you select the Jazz font. 2. Click Apply. in this case Custom Default. I am declaring my Custom Default File complete. 2. Make these changes now. Type z-R (Mac) or Control-R (Windows) to toggle the Ruler display off. 31 3. the custom ﬁle will be opened. 1. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE 5. 8_10_Stave. Final Touches If you like having your name on your music. it will still use the Maestro Default File. horizontally aligning it with the right page margin. Click on the handle of the odd page number text block. download the template ﬁles. You will have to open your custom default ﬁle speciﬁcally to make any changes there.or righthand corner of the page. For Default New Operation. or positioned under the staff. This will make opening your custom ﬁle the default action when using the z-New (Mac) or Control-New (Windows) keystroke. 1. check Default Document.mus With the default in place. Select View > Hide Margins.
8. 4. Choose the Staff tool. . time signature. 1. Under Options. uncheck Display Rests in Empty Measures. 2.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale.mus Select File > Save As and change the name to 10_12_Stave. and if you don’t want them. All Rights Reserved. 5. barlines and clefs. 10_12_Stave. Leave the Left and Right at 0. I want to build on that by creating some template ﬁles containing the same document settings. the staff system boxes will have to be made smaller. going paperless hasn’t entirely eliminated the need for manuscript paper. 3. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) Variations on a Theme Now that I have a personalized default ﬁle. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. 3. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. 1.mus. Enter 80 EVPUs (0. enter 1 thru 1. or making some correction strips. download the template ﬁles. Click Apply. enter 550 EVPUs (1.27778 inches) in the Top box. For Change System. Finale and a printer can still help get the job done. needing to jot something down at a gig. create a 10/12-stave page. Second Edition. measure numbers. From working out an idea or transcription. Select Page Layout > Systems > Edit Margins. Choose the Page Layout tool. Use Staff Attributes to turn off anything that is not desired for printout. 2. Clefs. Click OK. 32 Making Manuscript Paper with Finale Even in the music notation ﬁeld. Enter 115 EVPUs (0.90972 inches). To allow for more staves on a page. and Time Signatures. To view my results. First on the list to turn off are the default whole rests. 6. uncheck any of the following you do not want to print: Barlines. 7. Measure Numbers. For Top. Approaching the task with the same strategy as the 8/10-staff layout. Click the Select All button to change the entire document. 4. Take that amount and divide it by the number of systems on the page. Under Items To Display. and add that amount to each staff system. It is possible to create a little more space between the staves by reducing the top Page Margin to a smaller EVPU/inch amount. If you need more staves on a page.39931 inches) for the Bottom. the ﬁrst step will be to ﬁt twelve systems on the page. Select Staﬀ > Edit Staff Attributes.
3. 3. When the page height is less than the width. Begin with the Custom Default that you just created. Select Page Layout > Page Size. Save this document if you want to print more at a later time. select Custom. Creating a Custom Page Size The standard ﬂip-folder size part is 5. Select Measure > Measure Numbers > Hide Numbers. print on any self-adhesive labeling stock. . A Little Traveling Music? My ﬁrst job both as a copyist and as a Finale user was to create marching band parts. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press.) Since that is not a standard page size.25 inches) for the Height. Choose the Measure tool. From the popup menu. 2.An Addendum to Finale. Second Edition. Use the Select All keystroke: z-A (Mac) or Control-A (Windows). the Orientation setting below will automatically switch to Landscape. (In this situation. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE The measure numbers require one additional step to hide them. 5. 2. 4. 6. The page being created is a much smaller so the page percentage must be reduced to allow more staves on a page. Enter 1512 EVPUs (5. but I’ll still list both as usual. a custom page will need to be created. 1. All Rights Reserved. it is easier to work in inches. Print as many pages as you need. Click OK. Choose the Page tool.25 inches tall by 7 inches wide. Enter 2016 EVPUs (7 inches) for the Width. For correction strips. 1. 33 The resulting page is a little unusual looking. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation.
Choose Page Layout > Systems > Edit Margins. Click the handle of the ﬁrst system. reposition the text blocks on page 1 using the Text tool . With the staves in position. 4. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation.) Advance to pages 2 and 3.52083 inches) for the Top system value. and instrument name. Select Page Layout > Resize Page (page reduction).BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. 1. and reposition the text blocks for the title and page number. 6. 8. . Choose Page Layout > Margins > Edit Page Margins.mus To view my results.41667 inches) for the Bottom value. Click Apply to update the page. and click OK. Click Close to return to the page. Click Apply to update the page. The amount of title space between the Top page margin and Top margin of the ﬁrst system must be reduced. All Rights Reserved. In most cases. Enter 150 EVPUs (0. 34 Marching_Part. 3. to highlight it. 5. Second Edition. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. 7. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) 1. (I turned on the Margin display for the graphic. 2. Set the Page Resize value to 60%. the room above the page margin is enough for the title. 2. Enter 80 EVPUs (0. download the template ﬁles from the Web site. credits. Click Close to close the dialog box.27778 inches) for the Top value and 120 EVPUs (0.
All Rights Reserved. From the Name popup menu. 1. since the width is not larger than that of letter size (8. and copyright. Trumpets. and Trombones. Set Landscape for the Orientation. 35 In the right column. 3. Tenors. Finale will add the numbers for the multiple instruments. . Creating a score is now as simple as selecting the desired ensemble from the menu. Saving Custom Instrumentations in the Setup Wizard The Setup Wizard allows custom instrumentations to be saved and reused. Select File > New > Document With Setup Wizard. Second Edition. select Jazz Band.An Addendum to Finale. The Select an Ensemble section is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. the process of creating score templates went from being tedious and time consuming to requiring less time than it takes to type the title. credits. But. when the score is constructed. there are still some details that you might want to use in creating future score templates. it is not necessary to change anything in Page Format before printing. 4. 2. Ensembles can be constructed from scratch by selecting instruments from the columns on the left. the complete instrumentation for a standard big band appears. Click Next to advance to the second page. Altos. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE Printing the Finished Part Even though Finale considers this page to be Landscape format. Score Templates With the introduction of the Setup Wizard. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. The list can be modiﬁed and then saved as a separate ensemble to be recalled in this window at any time.5 inches). even with the Setup Wizard handling the big picture.
as that would require changes to the size of the text to compensate for the amount of reduction. Compare the above page to the graphic below. Second Edition. All Rights Reserved. but below I have customized the page margins and size as my own eye dictated. 6. 36 The graphic above is the full page of the template just created by the Setup Wizard. . which is my template for the example in chapter 12 (second edition). but there are a few things about this page I’d like to improve upon. Click Next twice to advance to the fourth page of the Setup Wizard. Both pages are letter sized. and Staff System Resizing is used to reduce the size of each system to ﬁt in the margins. The Wizard makes sure that there is ample room for the page 1 text blocks and instrumentation. The size of the margins is a little large. I open this document and save it as a separate ﬁle every time I need it. This forces the staves to be very small and difﬁcult to read. especially on the continuing pages. Select Jazz for the Font. Click Finish. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. I don’t want to seem ungrateful at the amount of work the Wizard has just saved me. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. Each staff is uniformly spaced. Instead of using the Wizard. The page percentage is not reduced.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) 5. then saved this as a template.
Click Apply. a. manually. Set the Top value to 80 EVPUs (0. b. Choose Page Layout > Systems > Edit System Margins. Select Page Layout > Resize Staff System (system reduction). Click the All Pages button. 5. Now we can tighten up the distance between the staves. Under the Staff Sizing heading. d. Select Page Layout > Resize Page (page reduction). All Rights Reserved.33333 inches). d. Click Apply. and then click Close. Set Left to 0. Set Left to 300 EVPUs (1. Second Edition.27778 inches). 2. set Staff Height to 96 EVPUs (0. 6. a. The Right and Bottom can remain at 144 EVPUs (0. b. Click the Select All button. Set Resize Page to 58%. Click OK.04167 inches). Choose the Page Layout tool . Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. 4. Click OK.An Addendum to Finale. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. c. Set Resize System to 80. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE 37 Being able to tweak a score so that every bit of space is used efﬁciently is a good reason to create score templates instead of using the Wizard for every score.5 inches). c. Here are the adjustments I made to the Wizard’s creation: 1. 3. b. Choose Page Layout > Page Margins > Edit Page Margins. a. Set Top to 180 EVPUs (0. Resulting System Scaling should be 80%.625 inches). so that they all ﬁt comfortably on the page. and then click Close. .
then click Finish. 1. All staves below the deleted staff will be moved up so that no gap is left between the Flute 1 and Oboe 1 staves. Choose the Staff tool . a space. Double-click on the Flute 1 staff to access the Staff Attributes dialog box. then save it. . and the 2. You can reposition the staves one staff at a time.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. beginning with the Alto Sax. Choose the Staff tool . Drag the staves up to the desired distance. Name and save the document when you are ﬁnished. 3. in Staff tool. Remember that templates can evolve. The Wizard has no way of knowing whether this is your intention. First. This minimizes the number of staves and keeps the percentage of the music as large as possible. 2 staff is positioned select all staves from the bottom. Click the Edit button for the Full Name. Click Next two more times. select Orchestra (Full). 38 I will demonstrate a few Staff Name change methods on this score. so the changes to the staff names must be made manually. or using smaller groups if you prefer. Click Next on page 1 of the Wizard to advance to page 2. open the template and make them. 7. Click the Edit button for the Abbr. 2. 1. 3. 2 staff. When the Alto Sax. All Rights Reserved. it is common to combine several instruments on a single staff. Move the entry cursor to the right side of the 1. Click on the handle of each staff. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. Second Edition. 8. Click to highlight the staff handle on the Flute 2 Staff. 4. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Type a space. the ampersand (&). Select File > New > Document With Setup Wizard. 9. From the Name menu. Name and repeat steps 4 and 5. 6. Click OK. 5. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) 7. after the score has been created. 8. combine Flute 1 and Flute 2 on a single staff. up to the Tenor Sax 1 staff and repeat the process. Larger Scores With large orchestra and band scores. 2. If you feel that changes are necessary. Select Staﬀ > Delete Staves and Reposition to delete the Flute 2 staff. 4.
3.. change the Top Symbol to 158 EVPUs (0. . All Rights Reserved. and change the Bottom Symbol to –158 EVPUs (–0. 6. 2. Click OK. 3. 39 Making the Big Time Large time signatures are something used in many contemporary scores. 1. so tweak the position of the name. 6. Uncheck both Abbreviate boxes. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE Try a two-line staff name by adding English Horn to the Oboe 2 staff name. Click the Set Font button. Continue using the orchestra score example you’ve been using for the staff names. Click OK. 5. You can create this effect by using a speciﬁc font for the numbers. Select Engraver Time and enter 40 for the size. 3. Click on Time Signature. 7. Click the Position button for the Full Name. Type English Horn. and click OK. From the Notation popup menu. and click OK. keeping the Horizontal distance the same. The two-line name will no longer be centered on the staff. Name and repeat step 8.An Addendum to Finale. turning off the Time Signature display on all but a select number of staves. Click the Edit button for the Full Name. Type Eng. select Time. Click on the text in the display window and drag it up so the names are centered on the staff. 5. Name. and changing the positioning of the numbers on the displaying staves. 1. 4. Hn. Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation.54861 inches). and press Return. 1.54861 inches). Double-click on the Oboe 2 staff to access the Staff Attributes dialog box. Move the entry cursor to the right side of the 1. 4. Second Edition. Choose Options > Document Options and click on Fonts. Click the Position button for the Abbr. Under the Vertical Adjustment heading. 2. Click the Edit button for the Abbr. 2. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press.
click the Flute 1 & 2. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) To complete the process. Click OK when you are satisﬁed with the results. For this score. Locate the global Staff Attributes plug-in in the Plug-ins menu. you will ﬁnd Tile Pages. z-click (Mac) or Control-click (Windows) the staves where the time signature will be displayed. These pages can Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. 1. Determine how many occurrences of the time signature are necessary for your score. since the printed template can match the layout you will use in Finale. With the staves in the same layout. Having paper larger than letter size helps a great deal. A top.) In the graphic below. Tile Pages breaks up the large image (11 by 17 inches) and prints it on the necessary number of smaller (8. Under the Staff Attributes heading. If your printer doesn’t accommodate 11 by 17 inch paper. This is helpful when working with a writer who is not using a computer. The quickest way to accomplish the Time Signature turn-off is by using the Global Staff Attributes plug-in. Second Edition. located in the Print dialog box. and bottom display. middle. All Rights Reserved. Care must be taken with the reduction percentage so that the staves are easy to write on. Creating Custom Score Paper Another possibility is to create custom score manuscript paper. the time signature display is turned on for the Flute 1 & 2 staff and off for the Piccolo and Oboe staves. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. with room in between for performance information. Horn 2 and Viola staves. for all but a few staves. That makes for an easy visual translation to the computer. There. when you print. 2. in Staff Attributes. look for the Finale 2005 or 2006 settings. . Make changes if needed. the time signature display must be turned off. or one per instrument family. (The process will have to be undone before extracting parts. usually does the trick.5 by 11 inches) sheets. the chances of copying something onto the wrong staff are greatly reduced. 4. 40 3.BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE | An Addendum to Finale. and check the results. Click Apply.
All Rights Reserved. Update your Custom Default ﬁle periodically with any new changes. Portrait orientation will allow more staves in the score. and try to reproduce one page in Finale. Then try it with the 10/12 template. if needed. An Easy Guide to Music Notation (Second Edition) | BUILDING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PERFECT TEMPLATE be taped together and reproduced using a photocopier that can accommodate 11 by 17 inch paper. Template Design Questions and Dilemmas When designing templates. Take any piece of manuscript or printed music you have lying around. Consider a page orientation change. you might need to trade some distance between the staves for a lesser reduction factor. Just remember to take proper precautions by saving backup copies of your templates. or using Optimizing the Systems so that only the instruments playing on each system are displayed (as in the Petrushka example). Finale®: An Easy Guide to Music Notation. 2. changing the staff and page sizes. Print and compare the two until they match. storing them in a separate folder even if that folder is placed in the Templates folder.) Then measure the distance between the staves. measure the distance from the edge to where the music starts.An Addendum to Finale. Summary • • • • Creating a new Custom Default File Changing a Default Font Creating a Part Template Creating a Score Template 41 Review 1. . always ask yourself: Will the music and text be easily readable at this percentage? Are the staves too close together or too far apart? If the answer to either of these questions is yes. You’ll probably tweak your templates after using them for a few projects. 3. (Feel free to round things a little. Other solutions include combining two instruments on a single staff. Copyright © 2006 Berklee Press. Make a list of changes you regularly make to ﬁles as you work on them. while Landscape will ﬁt more measures on a page. Second Edition. Experiment with the percentage tool. Take the 8/10 template and create a grand staff version. Starting with the page margins. and using the Open From Template command in the File menu to open them. Try ﬁrst to get the same number of staves on the page.
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