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Proceedings of National Conference; INDIACom-2007

Computing for Nation Development, February 23 – 24, 2007

Bharati Vidyapeeth University Institute of Computer Applications and Management, New Delhi.

ICT in the Changing Teaching-Learning Environment

Ravi S. Bhattacharjee Dept. of Physics, SGTB Khalsa College , Delhi-

ABSTRACT Keeping in pace with these changes in Social perspectives,

The Demands of a Knowledge Society, demands a paradigm Education must be geared to create autonomous learners who in
shift in the Education Sector. The skills to be imparted to the groups specialize to solve problems driven by discovery and
students is far from reproduction of information. The new innovation. Hence the necessity for a paradigm shift in which
demands are an organization of Knowledge in an ever training is not for specializations that lead to division of labour
increasing space of group environment. ICT wires up groups inside already constituted disciplines, but to performers in a
and networks across boundaries, which is an enabling factor to innovative problem- oriented, transdisciplinary milieu.
this world as a global village.
The paper aims at building a case for integrating ICT to the It is, therefore, imperative to create a structure that imparts the
curriculum such that contemporary demands can be met. Hence necessary skills with a degree of flexibility that can be adjusted
the teaching Learning process must be revitalized through a to the specific needs of the times. To create appropriately
combination of human input and technological input (ICT) . trained manpower, therefore, requires a program that imparts
the necessary skills without losing itself in overspecialization.
. The Emerging Knowledge Society and its needs:
Research in education seems to suggest that a “new definition
INTRODUCTION of learning is based on cognitive, philosophical, and
Current Research in Education, in general, and Science multicultural research perspectives. These perspectives suggest
Education in particular, suggests that with the intervention of that meaningful learning occurs whe a learner has a knowledge
modern Information Technology and changing Social norms base that can be used with fluency to make sense of the world,
the prevailing structures that were built by the demands of solve problems, and make decisions. Learners need to be self-
sound research outcomes(e.g. research demanded by Security determined, feel capable, and continueally strive to acquire and
considerations of nations) are slowly giving away to more use tools they have to learn. The need to be strategic learners
heterogeneous demands1 who have repertoire of effective strategies for their own
Learning. Finally, they need to me empathetic learners who
The earlier demands for sound outcomes, set the terms for of view themselves and the world from perspectives other then
what contributes to knowledge, who is allowed to participate in their own”.2.
its production, and how accreditation is organized. This lead to As learning is redefined, the curriculum needs to involve
a strict disciplinary character in the organization of Scientific students in real world, relevant tasks. The students must be
Knowledge. engaged in holistic tasks which utilizes students” prior
Knowledge. This leads to a collaborative “class room” (beyond
However, with the passage of time products emerging from the the boundaries of four walls) characterized by shared
system could not find a place back in the system and hence knowledge among teachers and students, shared authority
diffused into a space that was more heterogeneous and in many amongst teachers and students, teachers as mediators, and
cases more interdependent. This, therefore has necessitated into heterogeneous groupings of students.
a form of knowledge which is governed by
1. a context of application involving a broad range of ICT as a tool for meeting the demands:
2. Trans-disciplinary; It is , therefore, imperative that Education must be geared to
3. Heterogeneity. create autonomous learners with the teacher as the facilitator. A
In terms of organization the new model has flatter hierarchies survey by Harvey and Green 3 seems to suggest an hierarchy of
and organizational structures which are transient .This makes characteristics in a learner as demanded by the job market as
the model more socially accountable and reflexive. 1. Willingness to Learn
Accreditation and quality control, is now a more wider, more 2. Commitment
temporary collaboration of people working on a problem that is 3. Dependability / reliability
more specific and localized. 4. Self- motivation
5. Team work

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Proceedings of National Conference; INDIACom-2007

6. etc.
To build in such an environment , it is required that a structure
be created that imparts the necessary skills with a degree of
flexibility that can be adjusted to the specific needs of the
Clever use of the wired information available in the world
today, along with the easy networking opens the opportunities
of organizing “groups” of “students” beyond the precincts of
four walls to establish a truly multidisciplinary, multi
dimensional teaching- learning mileau. The teacher as a
facilitator is available to this huge group, as the multimedia
technology can literally have the same person at various
regions of space at the same time.

A Pilot project:
The author was involved in a pilot project wherein an attempt
was made to make the existing classroom structure cross the
established conventional boundaries.
Software and Hardware interfaces were developed to equip
Labs. with the Culture of online data acquisition , analysis and
Simulation. A suitable integration of Computer skills within the
existing curricula not only helps in reversing the trend of
dwindling classrooms for pure Sciences but also make the
process of teaching learning more contemporary. A Computer
based learning system is not only cost-effective but also helps
the learner to learn at his pace in a non-linear fashion – making
references and cross references.
In this light the a package was developed for the
Commonwealth Science Council (CSC) sponsored project “ for
developing multimedia modules to explain some key concepts
in some key concepts in different branches of Science and
Mathematics e.g. the breakthroughs , which marked the birth of
modern Science during Renaissance.

An intelligent mixture of Human Resource ( Teachers) and It
opens up the vistas for an absolutely imaginative new
paradigm, which should help in producing multidimensioned

The movement towards a “virtually” connected global village
will only increase in more and more challenging and
imaganitive solutions to the large complex problems of the
world ( DNA sequencing for example)


[1] Gibbons M. Limoges et al, The new production of

knowledge: the dynamics of Science in Contemporary
Societies, Saga Publications
[2] M.Kulieke et al: NCREL, Oak Brook, 1990

[3] Harvey and Green ,: Transforming Higher Education

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