This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

Apparatus Used: Solar cell (Photo-voltaic cell- Celliniun type), Optical Filters (Blue, Green and Red), Convex Lens

Brief Theoretical Description & Formulae Used: In this experiment we make use of Wien’s distribution law for the experimental determination of Planck’s constant. The Wien’s law is an approximate form of Planck’s distribution formula in the high frequency (or equivalently short wavelength) limit: 8πhc exp (−hc/λkB T ) dλ. (1) λ5 u(λ)dλ ≡ Energy per unit volume emitted by the black-body within the wavelength interval λ to λ + dλ, kB ≡ is the Boltzmann’s constant T ≡ Absolute temperature of the black-body h ≡ is Planck’s constant to be determined by the experiment In the present experiment, we idealize a tungsten ﬁlament (bulb) as a perfect black body, described by Wien’s distribution law. The radiation emitted by the ﬁlament is measured by means of a photovoltaic cell. Typically the photo-current obeys the following relationship: u(λ)dλ = I (λ, T ) = Bλ exp(−hc/λkB T ) hc λkB T We compare above equation with an equation of a straight line loge I = loge Bλ − y = C − mx. (2) (3)

(4)

Thus variation of loge I with 1/T comes out as a straight line, calculating slope of this allows one to determine h. hc λkB Temperature of the black-body can be obtained as follows, At temperature T the relation with ﬁlament resistance is Slope = m = 1 (5)

RR Here TR is the room temperature should be noted by room thermometer.RT T = R0 T0 At room temperature this relation reads: 1 .2 . (8) here RD = VD /ID is the draper voltage.(7) by (8) we obtain: RR = RD Now dividing Eq.833 . the minimum voltage at which the ﬁlament just starts glowing and TD is draper temperature which is 800 K for tungsten. TD RD = R0 T0 1. 2 .2 (9) Figure 1: Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.2 = . R0 T0 here RT is resistance of the ﬁlament at temperature TR and R0 is at T = 273K . (6) by (7) RT 0. (6) RR TR 1. Dividing Eq.2 (7) . T = TR (10) TR 800 1 .

In this one ﬁrst bring all the components namely bulb. 4. • Align the radiation source (light bulb). 1/T loge I Above set of observations should be taken for three wavelengths by replacing the ﬁlter. ﬁlter and detector (solar cell) at the same height.Procedure: • Note draper voltage and draper current from power supply. convex lens. VT (Volt) IT (Ampere) I (µ Amp) RT = VT /IT 1. 3. • We keep changing the voltage (VT ) across the ﬁlament and note corresponding current (IT ) and Iµ Observation Table: RD = · · · Ω Wavelength λ = · · · ˚ A T = TR RT 0. lens. 2. • After ﬁxing the ﬁlter. • Next we focus radiation coming from the bulb in such a way that the maximum amount of light passes through lens and ﬁlter. • We connect digital multimeter across the detector and use in ammeter mode (Range 2000 µA).833 RR TR = · · · K S. ﬁlter and the radiation detector on the optical bench. we adjust the lens and solar cell in such way that the maximum amount of radiation in received by the center of the black strip on the detector. No. 3 .

Radiation from the bulb should be properly focused.Figure 2: Variation of loge I with 1/T Calculations: From the plot loge I versus I/T the slope is calculated as ∆ loge I ∆(1/T ) Comparing Eq.626 × 10−34 Joule-sec % Error: %Error = |Standard Value − Experimental Value| × 100 Standard Value (12) Precautions & Sources of Errors: 1. (5) with (11) the value of Planck constant can be calculated as: Slope = h = Slope × λkB c (11) Result: Standard Value: h = 6. Special care should be taken while measuring the VT . 4 . particulary the draper voltage. 3. The bulb should be connected with power supply with thick wires so the resistance of the of the wires do not contribute in the RT and RD . 2.

planks

planks

- Dispersion Relation of Electromagnetic Waves
- Key concept in Magnetic Flux
- PHYS_132-Course_Outline_2nd_Sem++2015+(1)+(1)+(5)
- Ip Physics
- TimeDependentCurrents
- Suggested+Solution+FyBCh20 21NVC07+Magnetism+and+Magnetic+Induction
- Purcell Solution Some
- Yc Desy Tud 2013
- PHY5June2003
- PHY5June2003
- 05 Potential and voltage.pdf
- m117
- cap 2013 exam
- Practice Test - Magnetic Fields Motion in Magnetic Fields With Solutions
- JAG Electric Potential
- Electro
- Phys227_lab2
- Peijr]Pqij]Pgjq]Eprg
- Hypothesis of Homopolar Atomic Model
- The Latent Heat Calorimeter
- WEOAKI02
- Round Beam Focusing Measurements With Different Spacings Between
- Electromagnetic Fields
- Dash of Maxwells Chapter 1
- Nonlinear Optics Wiki
- Resistances, Voltages and Current in Circuits - Copy
- Ohm Laws
- Physics
- EXPT4.doc

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd