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Evolution of Formal Organizations Alisha White Sociology 120 July 12, 2012

In today’s society there are so many things that are done differently than they were years and years ago. One of the biggest changes is the workplace place and how jobs are being done now compared to how they were done years ago. The one thing that has stayed the same throughout the years is the recognition and the flexibility of the workplace. Throughout time formal organizations have started evolving and changing with the time to be more flexible in the workplace. Everything at some point in time will evolve; it is just a matter of time before organizations realize that workers would rather work for formal organizations,

For many years the majority of formal organizations worked under conventional bureaucracy. Bureaucracy has many different levels when it comes to the workplace. There are different stages at which one must succumb to. On the top, you have the CEO or president of the company, and then you have the highest executives. Right under the top executives you have division leaders and then you have middle managers. At the bottom of the totem pole are the regular workers and file workers that have no authority. This pyramid makes it so everyone has someone to report to and makes it very structured and organized. Each person has, of course, their own responsibilities to maintain. In the 1960’s, it seemed as though big businesses as well as other organizations were not practical or fair in their hiring processes. Back then the majority of the managers and people in power were white men. Businesses did not hiring based on experience, they discriminated against women and other minorities even if it meant that the one they were hiring had less experience or no experience at all. They felt then that woman had no place being in a position of power and that it was a white man’s job. With the thought process and hiring process that they were using, their businesses were not profiting due to lack in worker knowledge or skill. Once they realized and started hiring women and minorities and those with the experience or knowledge, they began to turn a profit for their business. Now in today’s society, the organization is changing and using technology more and more to complete jobs rather than using the factories and workers. In today’s society organizations are more flexible about their workers, there is still chain of commands but they try to include everyone and make it a team environment and have opportunity for advancement for all workers. When it comes to Micah’s organization, there are changes that need drastic changing. One of the first things that need to be changed is the hierarchy pyramid that they go by and make everyone more equal; make it a group effort where everyone has the same goal intentions. Assignments or activities should all be equal but based on each group or individuals knowledge. There will be no segregation everyone will be the same and treated equally, not everything should be task oriented, it should be people oriented, base it on the people. The head of the department needs to not order everyone around and instead encourage their employees. All employees need to work on getting to know one another, not just make it a workplace but a friendly environment. Instead of having emails or memos sent throughout the company, have open meetings with all employees where everyone has the right to speak about any topic that is brought up. If everyone is more relaxed and open it will boost morale and employees will do their jobs better making a better and or bigger profit for the organization. As society and the environment changes, so will the organizations and how they conduct their business and their employees. One change that I think may change is the equality of all the employees. Employees will be given the opportunity to share their ideas with CEO’s of their companies and be rewarded for them as well. With the openness of the company I find that it will allow for happier workplace environment and more employees will be motivated to work harder, as long as they know they are being rewarded for their work and not just a minimum wage job.

Another trend that may ultimately make its way here is what those Japanese organizations already do. They hired groups of new employees, at the same time giving them the same salary and responsibilities, and then some were chosen to be trained in every aspect of the company allowing them to be able to do any job and hired them as lifelong employees. The leaders involved their employees in decisions that affect them as well as showing them gratitude for their loyalty to the company; they are involved in the lives of their workers. One trend that I see making a more known place in the future is that employees that want to see changes within the company go and try to change things, it may not necessarily work out for the best. Workers that work with a union may try to get ahead and it could back fir the CEO’s could see it as them trying to take over the company and things may become worse. Where I live a company has a union rep to represent the employees, the employees got tired of how they were treated by the company so they tried to change things and with these changes they lost their higher pay and ultimately some lost their jobs. Change has to be a companywide agreement or it will not work. When it comes to evolving and organizations, I think that they one, have to want the change to happen and two, be willing to change. I think that if the company realizes that it could become a so much better company as well as have a better profit, then things will fall into place. Weather the change starts at the bottom and works its way up to the top of the company or from the top of the company and works its way down it will not matter the end results will ultimately be the prize for the organization and all involved with the organization. If everyone were to be treated as equals instead of someone with power thinking they can control or boss everyone around it would make for a better company altogether.

References:

Macionis, J. J. (2011). Society: The basics (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Boaden, N & Leaviss, J. Medical Education, Nov2000, Vol. 34 Issue 11, p921-927, 7p. Retrieved on November 13, 2010 from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=10& hid=119&sid=f5910c17-790c-4e0a-8faa-6740ed13424c%40sessionmgr115

Fairholm, M. R. "Leading from the middle: The power and influence of middle leaders. (State and Municipal Management)." The Public Manager 30.4 (2001): 17+. General OneFile. Retrieved on Web. 13 Nov. 2010. From http://find.galegroup.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/gps/infomark.do?&contentSet=IACDocuments&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=IPS&docId=A84343681&source=gale& srcprod=ITOF&userGroupName=uphoenix&version=1.0