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Present simple of be

Long form I am (Ricky) You are He is She is It is We are You are They are

Affirmative Short form I’m You’re He’s She’s It’s We’re You’re They’re

Negative I’m not (ready) You aren’t He isn’t She isn’t It isn’t We aren’t You aren’t They aren’t

Questions Am I (ready)? Are you? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are you? Are they?

Short answers Yes, I am. /No, I’m not. Yes, you are. /No, you aren’t. Yes, he is. /No, he isn’t. Yes, she is. /No, she isn’t. Yes, it is. /No, it isn’t. Yes, we are. /No, we aren’t. Yes, you are. /No, you aren’t. Yes, they are. /No, they aren’t.

she does. Yes. he does. /No. you don’t. o en un sonido parecido como sh. Yes. I do.Se aumenta es cuando el verbo acaba ya en o ó s. /No. you don’t. Yes.En los demás casos se aumenta s . Yes. /No. x: watch -> watches (mirar) go -> goes (ir) dash -> dashes (arrojar) do -> does (hacer) 2.Cuando el verbo acaba en y. /No. they don’t. it does. you do. /No. Yes.. you do. she doesn’t. they do. /No. we don’t. I don’t. /No. Yes.. /No. Yes. he doesn’t. we do.Present simple Affirmative I play (soccer) You play He plays She plays It plays We play You play They play Negative I don’t like (soccer) You don’t like He doesn’t like She doesn’t like It doesn’t like We don’t like You don’t like They don’t like Questions Do I like (soccer?) Do you like? Does he like? Does she like? Does it like? Do we like? Do you like? Do they like? Short answers Yes. it doesn’t. y a ésta le precede una consonante. Rules in third person singular 1. tenemos que cambiar la y por i. ch.. para a continuación añadir es: fly -> flies (volar) study -> studies (estudiar) 3.

/No. we aren’t. they are. duplicaran la ultima consonante: cut-cutting swim-swimming Regla 3: Los verbos terminados en una sola e serán sustituidos por ing. Yes. Yes. Yes. you are. Reglas para el verbo Regla 1: los verbos terminados en y no se sustituyen por ing. he isn’t. it isn’t. I’m not. you are. /No. excepto el verbo be(be-being): love-loving hate-hating Regla 4: Los verbos terminados en doble vocal solo se le agregara la terminación ing: see-seeing Regla 5: Los verbos terminados en consonante solo se le agregara la partícula ing: sing-singing watch-watching . /No. they aren’t. Yes. we are.Present continuous Affirmative I’m (going shopping) You’re He’s She’s It’s We’re You’re They’re Negative I’m not (having lunch) You aren’t He isn’t She isn’t It isn’t We aren’t You aren’t They aren’t Questions Am I (having lunch)? Are you? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are you? Are they? Short answers Yes. you aren’t. /No. /No. you aren’t. he is. /No. /No. it is. solo se agregara ing: cry: crying fly: flying Regla 2: Los verbos terminados en consonante-vocal-consonante y que además son de una sola silaba. Yes. she isn’t. I am. Yes. she is. Yes. /No.

Yes. /No. he was. you were. /No. they weren’t. /No. I wasn’t. /No. Yes. it was. it wasn’t. /No. Yes. /No. Yes. Yes.Past simple of be Affirmative I was (with Megan) You were He was She was It was We were You were They were Negative I wasn’t (at home) You weren’t He wasn’t She wasn’t It wasn’t We weren’t You weren’t They weren’t Questions Was I (at home)? Were you? Was he? Was she? Was it? Were we Were you Were they Short answers Yes. Yes. he wasn’t. I was. you were. she wasn’t. we were. she was. we weren’t. you weren’t. Yes. /No. /No. they were. we weren’t. .

se le añade sólo la -d: bake ==> baked hope ==> hoped En los verbos de una sóla sílaba cuya terminación es consonante-vocal-consonante la última consonante se duplica antes de añadir -ed: plan ==> planned stop ==> stopped En los verbos de más de una sílaba sólo duplicamos la consonante cuando la última sílaba está formada por consonante-vocal-consonante y está acentuada: prefer ==> preferred permit ==> premitted En verbos de más de una sílaba en los que el acento no va en la última sílaba. Yes. /No. I did. you didn’t. he did.Past Simple Affirmative I/you/he/she/it/we/you/they <verbo + ed ó d> Negative I/you/he/she/it/we/you/they didn’t <verbo simple > Questions Did I/you/he/she/it/we/you/they <verbo simple >? Short answers Yes. it didn’t. /No. /No. it did. she didn’t. /No. cuando el verbo acaba en -e. we did. Yes. you did. You did. they didn’t. I didn’t. you didn’t. /No. Yes. Yes. Yes. Yes. he didn’t. /No. /No. she did. Rules in the Past Simple in affirmative sentences       Aunque la regla básica para el pasado simple es añadir la terminación -ed a la raíz del verbo. we didn’t. la consonante final no se duplica y se aumenta ed: visit ==> visited happen ==> happened Cuando un verbo acaba en consonante + y cambiamos la -y en -i y añadimos -ed: study ==> studied copy ==> copied Si el verbo acaba en vocal + y se añade -ed siguiendo la regla general: play ==> played annoy ==> annoyed . /No. Yes. they did.

/No. /No. it wasn’t. he was. you weren’t. . /No. Yes. Yes. Yes.Past continuous Affirmative I was (reading) You were He was She was It was We were You were They were Negative I wasn’t (reading) You weren’t He wasn’t She wasn’t It wasn’t We weren’t You weren’t They weren’t Questions Was I (reading)? Were you? Was he? Was she? Was it? Were we Were you Were they Short answers Yes. Yes. they were. you were. /No. we weren’t. it was. I was. he wasn’t. we were. /No. we weren’t. she was. /No. Yes. I wasn’t. they weren’t. Yes. Yes. /No. she wasn’t. you were. /No.

Yes. he hasn’t. you have. Yes. they have. it hasn’t. /No. they haven’t. . /No. /No. /No. it has. you haven’t. Affirmative Subject + have/has + verb(past participle) Affirmative Long form I have (walked) You have He has She has It has We have You have They have Negative Subject + haven’t/hasn’t + verb(past participle) Negative I haven’t (walked) You haven’t He hasn’t She hasn’t It hasn’t We haven’t You haven’t They haven’t Questions have/has + Subject + verb(past participle)? Short form I’ve (walked) You’ve He’s She’s It’s We’ve You’ve They’ve Questions Have I (played)? Have you? Has he? Has she? Has it? Have we? Have you? Have they? Short answers Yes. we have. Yes. /No. he has. you haven’t. you have.Present perfect simple  Activities that start in the past and continue in the present. I haven’t. Yes. Yes. Yes. she hasn’t. we haven’t. she has. /No. I have. /No. Yes. /No.

sí es posible.Present perfect simple con ever Ever Question have/has + subject + ever + verb(past participle) + complement? Never Affirmative(sitaxis) pero con significado negativo subject + have/has + never + verb(past participle) + complement La utilización del Present Perfect con "ever" hace referencia a "si has hecho o no algo alguna vez en tu vida". Nunca lo he oído. Nunca lo he oído. EVER: En oraciones interrogativas VA ENTRE EL SUJETO Y EL VERBO(past participle) En oraciones afirmativas y negativas VA ENTRE EL AUXILIAR(has/have) Y EL VERBO(past participle) NEVER: En oraciones afirmativas VA ENTRE EL AUXILIAR(has/have) Y EL VERVO En oraciones interrogativas VA ENTRE EL SUJETO Y EL VERVO . así que pongo "ever". no puedo poner "never". En inglés. Respuesta 2) I haven't ever heard it. Por ejemplo: Pregunta: Have you ever heard it? Lo has escuchado alguna vez.--> Esta vez. por tanto. Contestamos: "Sí" o. como no se puede negar dos veces. es posible "never". Es igual que cuando en español decimos: "¿Has visto alguna vez (en tu vida) esta película?" Nota: No decimos "en tu vida" pero se sobreentiende. Si esta en afirmativo. no podemos utilizar "never" con "not". Respuesta 1) I have never heard it. así que utilizamos "ever" si el verbo que antecede está en negativo.--> El verbo está en afirmativo. "nunca". como el verbo está en negativo.

yet y just Affirmative Subject + have/has + Already/Just + verb(past participle) + Complement Question Have/Has + Subject + Already /Just+ verb(past participle) + Complement? Question Have/Has + Subject + verb(past participle) + Complement + yet? Negative Subject + haven’t/hasn’t verb(past participle) + Complement + yet "For" y "since" establecen cuando se ha concluido la acción mientras que already.(este concepto no es seguro)    Just: acabar de = a short time ago Already: ya Yet: todavía no. not yet. → I have just done my homework Todavía no he hecho mis deberes.Present perfect simple con already. → I haven't done my homework yet Have you done your homework yet? No. Just solo se puede usar en afirmativa yet solo se puede usar en negativa e interrogativa. . →I have already done my homework Have you already seen Gladitor? Acabo de hacer mis deberes. aun Ya he hecho mis deberes. just y yet establecen acciones que todavía no han acabado. already solo se puede usar en afirmativa e interrogativa.

“Since” [sins] significa “desde” una fecha concreta : hora. “For” significa “durante” (periodo de tiempo. mes.). prolongado o corto). . período del año (verano.hace Peter started his new job a month ago. etc. Sue left 2 hours ago.Peter comenzó su nuevo trabajo hace un mes. pero ¡ojo!: Muchas veces en español no ponemos la palabra “ durante” porque se sobreentiende. al sonar la campana. If clauses If + present.) o momento determinado (cuando viniste. el año pasado. . año.For y Since Affirmative subject + have/has + verb(past participle) + Complement 1 + for/since + Complement 2 Regla de utilizacion de “since” y “for”. etc. three weeks ago hace tres semanas a long time ago hace mucho tiempo ago . ago se usa para indicar cuánto tiempo hace que ha sucedido algo.Sue salió hace 2 horas. semana. día. future -> if clause 1 Future + if + present If + present. present -> if clause 0 Present + if + present If + present. invierno. may/might(auxiliar) .

(verb to be<al reves>)/(auxiliary verb<al reves>) + pronoun? Casos especiales: I’m al reves es: aren’t I Polites Can/Could + pronoun + verb + complement. please (optional)? Would + pronoun + mind + verb(ing) + complement. Estado: I used to live in London. Ejemplos: Hábito: I used to play the guitar. please (optional)? Used to Used to sirve para hablar de cosas que solíamos hacer o cosas que solían suceder.Future Affirmative Subject + will + verb + Complement Negative Subject + won’t(will + not) + verb + Complement Question Will + subject + verb + Complement Question tags Subject + (verb to be)/(auxiliary verb + verb) + Complement. Affirmative Subject + used to + verb + Complement Negative Subject + didn’t + use to + verb + Complement Question Did + subject + use to + verb + Complement . Significa que antes tocabas la guitarra pero ya no. Significa que antes vivías en Londres pero ya no.