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14

**Time NVH Analysis – Chassis Example
**

Summary Introduction

231 232 232 232

Requested Solutions

Model Details Time NVH scheme FEM Solution Results 235 237 238 233

Modeling Tips Input File(s)

CHAPTER 14 231 Time NVH Analysis – Chassis Example

Summary

Title Features Chapter 14: Time NVH Analysis – Chassis Example A potentially nonlinear periodic transient dynamic response of a chassis sub-frame analysis is followed by a fast Fourier transform to extract the modes and frequencies that characterize the dynamic solution which is compared to traditional linear modal analysis.

Units: mm

Geometry

G W1= 993 W1 W2 W2= 1,182 A L1= 1,518 F L2= 865 L3= 927 L1 L4 L3 L2 L4= 361 Size of rectangular hollow beam: 53x111 to 53x191 depending on locations. Thickness of shell: 3.5

Material properties Analysis type Boundary conditions Applied loads Element type FE results

E = 2.10x10 5 N mm

2

L

, = 0.3 , = 7.89x10 – 9 ton mm 3

TIMNVH analysis (SOL 700)

Free Vertical impulse load applied at point A 4-node shell element Transient response, FFT, mode shapes and frequencies

1.00E-01

1.00E-02

901581 1.00E-03 901641 901697 901865 902061 1.00E-04 902097 902580 902595 902609 1.00E-05 902797 902996 903063 1.00E-06 0.00E+00 2.00E+01 4.00E+01 6.00E+01 8.00E+01 Frequency (Hz) 1.00E+02 1.20E+02 1.40E+02 1.60E+02

Amplitude

K I H G B A C D J

L

E

F

**232 MD Demonstration Problems
**

CHAPTER 14

Introduction

This is an example of a virtual dynamic test. A chassis of a car was modeled and a vertical impulse loading was applied at one of front corner points. Time histories were obtained at select chassis locations and they were translated to frequency domain by applying Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) to extract mode shapes and frequencies for 12 sampling points.

Requested Solutions

Acceleration time histories are obtained at 12 points and they are translated to a frequency domain. Dynamic properties such as modal natural frequencies and mode shapes are then computed. The results are then compared with those of Nastran SOL 103 for validation purposes.

**Model Details Time NVH scheme
**

MD Nastran bdf Model (impulse loading)

SOL 700

Obtain Time-history Results - Displacement - Velocity - Acceleration (default) FFT Time domain results -> Frequency domain results Find and compare peaks Extract dynamic properties: Natural frequencies and Mode shapes (f06 and modes.out files)

Yes Is acceptable? No Add PARAM, S700NVH1 TIMNAT and TIMSML cards , Use primary time history or FFT results Re-run MD Nastran SOL 700 Final dynamic properties

Figure 14-1

Flow Chart of TIMNVH Scheme

CHAPTER 14 233 Time NVH Analysis – Chassis Example

FEM Solution

There are two models. The first model is the initial run to determine the rough dynamic properties of the structure and second model is a re-run of the first job to find the accurate and final results using the previous time history results.

**Applied Load and Selected Location for Time History
**

To compute the dynamic responses of the chassis, a vertical impulse load is applied at the front corner as shown in Figure 14-2. Using FORCE and TABLED entries as shown below, a maximum of 0.01 tons impulse point loading is applied to node 902517. FORCE TABLED1 3 1 -10. 10. 902517 0. 0. 0 0. ENDT .01 0. 0. .001 0. 1. -1. .002 0.

The acceleration time histories at 12 points on the chassis are computed (see Figure 14-2) to obtain the modal responses.

Load (ton)

0.010

K I H G B A

Time (ms)

L

J E C D F

0.005

0.000

0

2

4

6

8

10

Figure 14-2

Applied Impulse Loading and Nodes Selected for Getting the Acceleration Responses

Primary Job

The end time in transient run is defined by using 100 time steps at 0.4e-4 sec. for each increment. The end time is the product of these two entries. Notice here, the time increment is only for the first step. The actual number of time increments and the exact value of the time steps are determined by MD Nastran solver during the analysis. The time step is a function of the smallest element dimension during the simulation. TSTEPNL 1 100 .01 1 ADAPT 2 10

TIMNVH defines the Time NVH analysis as explained below.

TIMNVH, +, 0, 3,

1, 1,

, 0.015,

, 0,

3,

1.0, 13,

1000., .0030,+

3,

0.0005,

2,+

**234 MD Demonstration Problems
**

CHAPTER 14

The range of natural frequencies to obtain is from 1.0 Hz to 1000 Hz and translational degrees of freedom for zdirection is only considered (3). The sampling rate is 0.0005 seconds. The peaking criterion is two, which means that a peak is selected if the amplitude of the number of increasing and decreasing points around a peak is equal or greater than 2. Acceleration is selected for the response (0) and translational eigenvectors are only requested as ASCII format (3). Eigenvalues are normalized by 1.0 (1) and 0.015 is selected as CLOSE value which means if there are two modes which distance is smaller than 0.015 Hz, it is assumed to be the same mode. ACII file format of natural frequencies and eigenvalues are asked (0) and translational time histories of z-direction are requested (3). Frequency-amplitude data of z-direction are requested (13) and a peak whose amplitude is less than 0.0030 times the maximum amplitude is ignored (.0030) +, 901581, 901641, 901697, 901865, 902061, 902097, , ,+ +, 902580, 902595, 902609, 902797, 902996, 903063 The grid points 901581, 901641, 901697, 901865, 902061, 902097, 902580, 902595, 902609, 902797, 902996 and 903063 are selected to obtain time history responses for Time NVH analysis. TIMNVH,1, , , 1.0, +, 0, 3, 1, 0.015, +, 901581, 901641, +, 902580, 902595, 1000., 3,.0005, 2,+ 0, 3, 13, .0030,+ 901697, 901865, 902061, 902097, , ,+ 902609, 902797, 902996, 903063

**Re-running Job
**

To find the accurate modal properties, a re-run is required using the previous time history data. Only three entries are different from the initial job; PARAM, S700NVH, TIMNVH and TIMNAT The value of PARAM, S700NVH is assigned to 1 for using the previous time history binary data (binout0000). In TIMNVH entry, the PEAK option (in the first line) is changed from 2 to –2, which will require defining the TIMNAT entry.

TIMNAT is used to specify the natural frequencies selected from amplitude-frequency plot from the initial run. The

natural frequencies close to 35, 43, 49, 101, and 108 Hz’s are obtained as the natural frequencies. PARAM,S700NVH1,1 TIMNVH,1, , , 1.0, 1000., 3,.0005, -2,+ +, 0, 3, 1, 0.015, 0, 3, 13, .0030,+ +, 901581, 901641, 901697, 901865, 902061, 902097, , ,+ +, 902580, 902595, 902609, 902797, 902996, 903063 TIMNAT,1,35.,43.,49.,101.,108.

CHAPTER 14 235 Time NVH Analysis – Chassis Example

Results

There are three result files from Time Domain NVH analysis. • mode.out: Results for the natural frequencies and eigenvalues. • ampl-freq- 00901865-3.txt: amplitude-frequency output of degree of freedom =3 at grid point 901865. • time-hist- 00901865-3.txt: time history output of degree of freedom =3 at grid point 901865. From the ampl-freq-*** files, the frequency-amplitude plots are shown in Figure 14-3. Using the plot, the modal frequencies are specified in TIMNAT option to refine the dynamic property results.

1.00E-01

6 1 2 3

7

1.00E-02

901581 1.00E-03 901641 901697 901865 902061 1.00E-04 902097 902580

Amplitude

4

1.00E-05

5

902595 902609 902797 902996 903063

1.00E-06 0.00E+00 2.00E+01 4.00E+01 6.00E+01 8.00E+01 Frequency (Hz) 1.00E+02 1.20E+02 1.40E+02 1.60E+02

K I H G B A

Figure 14-3 Frequency-Amplitude Plots At 12 Nodes

L

J E C D F

**236 MD Demonstration Problems
**

CHAPTER 14

1

2

3

36.017 35.000 4 5

43.952 43.000 6

52.506 49.000

67.428 Mode # 7

84.722 -

101.969 101.001

SOL 103 Frequency Hz SOL 700 Frequency Hz

111.016 108.001

Figure 14-4

Comparison of Mode Shapes and Frequencies for SOL 103 and SOL 700

The small peaks for modes 4 and 5 are barely observable in Figure 14-3 and arise because of the selection of the type of impulse loading. These lateral modes exhibit a low participation when the impulse loading is vertical. For a certain set of impulse loads, certain modes may not be excited and the FFT only picks up the excited modes that significantly participate in the transient response. Mode 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SOL103 36.0170 43.9523 52.5065 67.4281 84.7220 101.9688 111.0159 SOL 700 35.0002 43.0002 49.0003 Small peak Small peak 101.0005 108.0005 Diff(%) 2.82% 2.17% 6.68% 0.95% 2.72% Comparison Vertical motion dominant Vertical motion dominant Lateral motion dominant Lateral motion dominant Lateral motion dominant Vertical motion dominant Vertical motion dominant

CHAPTER 14 237 Time NVH Analysis – Chassis Example

Results show that even though the vertical mode shapes of modes 2 and 3 are similar, their amplitude and lateral modes are quite different. The results are compared in Figure 14-5.

**Vertical mode shape of mode 2
**

Figure 14-5

Vertical mode shape of mode 3

Comparison of Vertical Mode Shapes Between Mode 2 and 3

Sample Output

The final response from the FFT steps for the 12 sampling points are contained in a file called modes.out which contains the eigenvalues (frequencies) and eigenvectors (mode shapes) in the form:

M DES O EI G V st 1 5 1 3. 500018E+01 } Frequency 901581- 3. 32998498E- 02- 2. 49243337E- 04 7. 08997618E- 01 901641- 4. 29914555E- 02 7. 70991520E- 05- 1. 08571907E- 01 901697- 4. 15069142E- 02 2. 55256359E- 04- 6. 31611930E- 01 901865 4. 37855265E- 02- 1. 51550001E- 04- 4. 18557096E- 01 902061 7. 97601410E- 02 4. 34427876E- 04 5. 67705213E- 01 902097 8. 68013598E- 02 8. 02417982E- 03 1. 00000000E+00 902580- 3. 38588683E- 02 2. 97715028E- 04 7. 28400224E- 01 902595- 4. 37831381E- 02 2. 30181446E- 04- 9. 77437006E- 02 902609- 4. 24521220E- 02- 1. 61168521E- 04- 6. 35288211E- 01 902797 4. 11242103E- 02- 3. 00773060E- 04- 4. 29582120E- 01 902996 7. 69986448E- 02 7. 40153667E- 04 5. 51699503E- 01 903063 8. 41026922E- 02- 3. 47784987E- 03 9. 82653769E- 01

1 mode {

Sample Grid IDS

x-component y-component z-component eigenvector

Modeling Tips

To get more accurate data, options of TIMNVH and TSTEPNL entry could be changed. For example, increasing the end time (defined as 1 second in this analysis) can result in higher resolution (the frequency increment in the frequencyamplitude plot). The resolution is determined as:

1 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- = ------------------------------------ = 1 Hz sample end time - sample start time 1 sec – 0 sec

**238 MD Demonstration Problems
**

CHAPTER 14

To increase the maximum frequency in the frequency-amplitude plots, the sampling rate which is defined as 0.015 seconds in this example decreases. The maximum frequency of this example is computed as:

1 1 ----------------------------------------- = ------------------------------- = 133.33 Hz 1 1 -- sampling rate -- 0.015 sec 2 2

Input File(s)

File nug_14a.dat nug_14b.dat nug_14c.dat Description Initial run to find rough dynamic properties Re-run to compute accurate dynamic properties SOL 103 model

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UsefulNot usefulThis is an example of a virtual dynamic test. A chassis of a car was modeled and a vertical impulse loading was applied at one of front corner points. Time histories were obtained at select chassis...

This is an example of a virtual dynamic test. A chassis of a car was modeled and a vertical impulse loading was applied at one of front corner points. Time histories were obtained at select chassis locations and they were translated to frequency domain by applying Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) to extract mode shapes and frequencies for 12 sampling points.

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