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Uses of 'Like

'Like' can be used as a verb or as a preposition. There are a number of common questions with 'like' that are easy to confuse.

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What's he like? - 'What … like?' is used to ask about a person's or object's character and is general in nature. What does he like? - This use of the verb 'like' is for general preferences. 'Like' as a verb is generally followed by the 'ing' form of the verb (I like playing tennis). What does she look like? - 'Like' is used as a preposition to express physical appearance. In this case, 'like' can also mean 'similar to' if you are making a comparison to other people. What would you like to drink? - Another common use of 'like' is in 'would like' to express wishes. Note that 'would like' is followed by the infinite form of the verb NOT the 'ing' form.

Secrets to Using Prepositions in English
by Chad on April 15, 2013
I’m sure you all probably know that the book is ON the table, but do you know exactly why we say “on” instead of ABOVE, or OVER, or another of the hundreds of prepositions that exist in English?

Using prepositions in English can be a big problem and they are so often misused by English learners. The English language actually uses prepositions in so many ways, and if you can master how to use them correctly, your English can become really natural and start to flow much more. In this article you are going to:
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Learn how to use prepositions with situational reference Help to remember them by learning the opposite prepositions Understand how we use prepositions with verbs to start flowing and sound natural

Learning Prepositions with Situational Reference
When speaking English, every student is faced with trying to understand the 3 most common prepositions and how and when to use them. I’m sure if you’re a Brazilian and like funk music, you know that the book is always ON the table, but why is it on and how can I know when I should use it? Let’s go through the 3 most common prepositions and look at exactly how you use them.

How the use ON

ON is used when something is making contact with a surface. on Monday. it’s because I am inside the Brazilian border. . The book is ON the table because the book is making contact with the surface of the table. On the 20th of December. A good example to see the difference is to say I am AT the mall. in December. not specifying your exact location. How to use IN IN is used to describe that something is physically INSIDE some kind of barrier or border When I say I live IN Brazil. Other examples of how we use on in this way: • • • I live ON First street (my house is making contact with the street) He has a green shirt ON (the shirt is making contact with my skin) I saw it ON tv (the images are viewed on the surface of the television) ON is also used for days. in 2011 How to use AT AT is often used to describe a place in general. On Friday. Other examples using IN: • • • I used to live IN Australia (inside the Australian border) I’m stuck IN traffic (inside the barrier of traffic) I read it IN the newspaper (inside the closed paper) *we use ON for pages IN is also used with months and years. On my holiday etc. This is by using the name of the place. IN the sports shop.

Today we are not going to talk about those figurative expressions. it falls.Other examples of using at: • • • Bob is AT the bar drinking a beer (the place in general) I found some money ON the ground AT the park (ground=surface. it’s very important to learn the opposites to some common prepositions. If you can start using these verbs + prepositions correctly. How would you describe that situation? . you’re going to see how much more your English will flow. instead we are going to focus on the literal way to use verbs with prepositions. park=place) I’m going to have lunch AT my grandma’s house today (the place) AT is also used for talking about the time. I have an appointment at 2 o’clock. then you will probably know about phrasal verbs and all those figurative expressions that exist when using prepositions with verbs. *there are many more opposite prepositions but these are the most common How to Use Verbs with Prepositions If you have studied much English. For example. imagine you are holding a cup of water IN your hand and suddenly. You will understand why in the last part of this article. Opposite prepositions Before we move on to talking about how to use prepositions with verbs.

The preposition for the original location of the object or person. But if you wanted to say this more specifically. up. your hat leaves your head. For example.Through The action. or the preposition for the way the object or person is moving. I would say. down etc… 2. Original location – IN your hand The action. is the object IN your hand. blow. Original motion. Suddenly. around. CALL TO ACTION Using prepositions in this way is extremely common in English. If you really want to sound more natural when you speak. roll. ride? Let me show you how to use this in a real situation: 1. start using more verbs with prepositions. someone knocks you and the cup falls. if the object in motion Towards.” We say OUT because the original location of the cup was IN your hand. ON the ground. opposite preposition. You are drinking some water and holding the cup in your hand. Let’s focus in some specific situations to help understand the use of opposite prepositions with verbs better. You are riding a bike and wearing a hat. 1. ON TOP OF your house? Or. will just say “the cup fell.” which is absolutely correct. .To knock “Some guy knocked the cup out of my hand” 3. “the cup fell OUT of my hand. Original location – On my head The action – The wind BLOWS “The wind blew my hat off my head” 2. drive. So did the object or person fall. you can start to apply the use of opposite prepositions with the verb. You don’t want to walk through the park because you will disturb the show. To understand this you must think of.Walk “I decided to walk around the concert” Around in this case means that you are avoiding the concert. You are at a park and there is a concert happening. The verb (action) that describes how that object or person moved. Because of the wind.Most English learners.

show you what prepositions you can use with them.dpuf How to Use: Say. you know what I’m saying? If you’re having difficulty with using these words. The most common use of the word say is in reported speech.Think about what you are doing right now. I talk to my friends. we often make statements and it is not necessary to add the object. Talk. don’t worry. or any other English related topics. When speaking in reported speech. Are you reading ON your computer? Are you sitting ON a chair? Maybe you’re ON your smart phone or tablet travelling THROUGH the city. for example: . we’re going to resolve that for you guys today. Speak by Chad on August 15. Tell. don’t forget to sign up the the Real Life English mailing list where you’ll be informed with any new information. and even teach you some popular expressions typically used in spoken English. 2012 Are you talking to me? I said are you talking to me? There’s no one else Reported speech is when you are repeating what someone has said. and receive our free 3 part mini course about our language learning methodology. If you would like to find out more about this topic. I’m sure you can find a way to describe it using a verb preposition combination. you must be talking to me? How many times have you misused these 4 words? I speak English. . The object is what’s receiving the action i the phrase. Whatever you’re doing. walking UP a hill or leaning AGAINST a wall.See more at: http://reallifebh. Say Vs Tell SAY Say means to speak words. he told me a secret.Tz2Zs9Td.

Prepositions for SAY To/ That. “she tells me what to do. she had a drink about an hour ago.” “Didn’t I tell you to mind your own business?” About.” when we use tell we need to use the object.If we are going to use an object. Tell In comparison to “say. • • “I told you to buy me a drink. “She tell what to do.” In these examples you’ll notice that I haven’t used an object.” . we always use the preposition “to.” Prepositions for Tell To-When we use to with tell we are giving someone an order or making a strong request. The correct form would be. “I said to him that I couldn’t go. This is because when using tell. When we use “say” generally the recipient of the action is not as important as what we have to say.” We use “to” to show who we are directing our words at and “that” to say the information.” “Have you told him the news?” “She always tells me that.” “What did he say?” “When he said he was leaving.” for example: • • “He said to Steve that that he was going to be late.To tell someone about something is used to pass information about an event or a series of events which happened to a person.” I often hear people saying.” This would be incorrect because we need to use the object. who received the information is more important that the information itself. For example: • • • “I told you about the party. we all got really sad. • “let me tell you about a girl I know.• • • “He said he was going to be late.

” “The movie was really good but people kept talking during the best parts. talk would be the same as saying converse.” • • “Did she tell you that she was pregnant?” “Did I tell you I changed cell number?” Talk Vs Speak “Speak” and “talk” are synonyms and in most cases interchangeable. “to give a speech. “Did I tell you about her pregnancy. When used as a noun.• “Did I tell you about my party?” That .” “This guy talks forever. for example: • • • “I was talking to him about the Real Life English event. Talk Did you all recognize the famous line from the movie Taxi Driver? “Are you talking to me?” Although this word is not so common in English. we are expressing an action or a more permanent situation. In spoken English.” it would be a formal presentation as appose to “give a talk” sounds more casual. I mean to converse with another person. we commonly use the word talk in the continuous form. “Did I tell you about she is pregnant.” Prepositions with talk .” I would have to say. The main difference between the 2 would be that “speak” is used in more formal situations and “talk” is for more informal conversations. I can’t say.When we use “that”. No I’m not talking about the sneaker. To compare examples.

We use “to” to show who we are directing our words at and “about” to give the information.Just like tell.Fácil é falar Needless to say.To/ About.We use “with” to say who we are speaking to or how that person speaks.I won’t argue with you Easy for you say. • • • • “How many languages do you speak?” “Can you speak English fluently?” “He was speaking to his employees about the new services.” “Did he talk to you about his trip?” Speak Speak is also used when we are referring to languages or when conversations are more of a monologue. • • “Have you ever spoken English with an Australian?” “They speak with a really strange accent. we use “to” and “about” to direct our words and give information. • • “I need to talk to you about last night. • “Did you speak to him about our new project?” With.” Expressions with Say Tell Talk Speak (Taken from: Como dizer tudo em Ingles) Say Anything you say.” “I have to speak to you about the next Real Life event.Você diria que… She says hi.” As you can see. “speak” sounds more formal than talk.Ela mandou um oi Tell . Prepositions with speak To… about….It’s obvious Would you say that…. If someone said that they wanted to speak to me I would consider it more important than if they had said they wanted to talk to me. usually in reference to their accent.

You’re guitly of the same thing Talk shop.He persuaded me to do something Speak Actions speak louder than words.Percebe-se Talk Money talks.O dinheiro fala mais alto Look who’s talking.Para falar a verdade You can tell.Can you speak louder If you have any other questions about this subject please post on the Real Life English facebook community page.Something tells me that….Alguma coisa me diz que Tell me about it.Doing means more than talking about it Speak your talk about professional things with colleages He talked me into it.Nem me fale To tell you the truth. .Por assim dizer Can you speak up.Say what you really think So to speak.


• Hardly had I entered the room when a strange creature ran out. we use inverted word order. That means the auxiliary verb comes before the subject. than …) No sooner is followed by than. These adverbs can also go in mid-position. When using not only… but also. not than. Not only…but also This correlative conjunction is often confused. • The controversy not only damages our image but also decreases investor confidence. the adverbs hardly.Common mistakes in the use of some conjunctions July 3. you must make sure that both parts of this conjunction go before words of the same parts of speech. As you can see. we use normal word order. • She was not only arrogant but also rude. Here not only and but also go before two adjectives. I had scarcely solved one problem before another cropped up. • • I had hardly entered the room when a strange creature ran out. not when • No sooner did she complete one project than she started working on the next. 2013 Scarcely and hardly These words are followed by when or before. OR Scarcely had I entered the room when a strange creature ran out. When a negative expression comes at the beginning of a sentence. scarcely and no sooner are all negative expressions. . In that case. Here not only and but also go before two verbs. (NOT Hardly had I entered the room.

Therefore. This word has a negative meaning. • • Work hard. • Work hard lest you should fail. Fixed Expressions with 'Do' Here are the some of the most common fixed expressions with 'do': • • • • • • • do homework do the dishes do housework do good do harm do your best do a favor . For example. They are also two of the most commonly confused verbs in English! There are two main reasons for this: • • Many languages have only one of these verbs. The only auxiliary verb that can follow lest is should. or else you will fail. (NOT Work hard lest you should not fail. OR Work hard lest you Guide Do and Make are two of the most common verbs in English.Lest The conjunction lest is not very common in modern English. in Italian 'fare' translates for both 'do' and 'make'. Leave on time. it should not be used with not. do homework. This guide should help you learn the most common uses of both Do and Make in English.) The same idea can be expressed using the expression or else. or else you will miss the train. About. Many of the expressions are fixed expressions such as: make the bed. When to use Make or Do By Kenneth Beare.

• • • • • • • • do 50 mph do business do your duty do your hair do a deed do penance / time do right / wrong do enough Fixed Expressions with 'Make' Here are the some of the most common fixed expressions with 'make': • • • • • • • • • • • • • • make an offer make an exception make a mistake make peace / war make love make money / a profit make a phone call make an effort / attempt make (a) noise make a suggestion make a decision make an excuse make progress make arrangements General Rules for 'Do' Use 'do' when speaking about vague. . anything. These include speaking in general using '-thing' words such as something. nothing. etc. or indefinite activities.

Examples Hurry up and do the dishes Did you do your chores? I didn't have time to do my homework Use 'do' with various jobs and activities ending in '-ing' such as do some gardening. etc. This use tends to be informal in nature and can often be stated in a different manner. He did some reading this morning. 'I did some studying this afternoon' can be stated 'I studied this afternoon'. She's going to do some resting on vacation.Examples Are you going to do anything about it? Let's do something this afternoon. use 'make' when actually constructing or creating something (in other words. He made his daughter a rocking horse. Examples I made a cup of tea for breakfast. I didn't do anything wrong! Use 'do' for activities. Did you make that wonderful bread? . do some thinking. do some painting. General Rules for 'Make' Generally. Examples I did some thinking about your problem. This includes any chores or daily tasks. NOT for activities). For example.