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The water treatment unit is divided into two main treatment systems. The pretreatment system end Water demineralization system. # Pre-treatment system: i) ii) iii) Two (1+1) parallel trains of clarifier. Two (1+1) parallel trains of send filter. (3 unit per train) Water Reservoir: a) 1 unit of Raw water Reservoir. b) 1 unit of clear well. c) 1 unit of filtered water Reservoir. d) 1 unit of slurry Reservoir. e) 1 unit of backwash water Reservoir. Chemical injection system.
# Water Demineralization: i) ii) iii) iv) Two (1+1) parallel trains of activated carbon filters. Two (1+1) parallel trains of lift-bed type demineralization. Two (1+1) parallel trains of mixed bid polisher. Regeneration and neutralization equipments.
The system is designed to operate automatically from the control panel located in the control building near the water treatment area. # Process description: a) Water intake: Raw water is brought from Kalurghat 30km apart from CUFL. Then the Raw water is stored in a Reservoir which is known as raw water tank.
Filters are essentially backwashed. Raw water contains 200ppm of suspended solid in maximum. and ph adjustment reaqent in the clarifier. d) Filter Water Storage : Filter water is once stored in filtered water reservoirs and then distributed followings. aid. fine sand and grebe.b) Clarifier: This section is made of i) Reinforced concrete. This quantity decreases to 160ppm adding coagulant. once per day in accordance with the signal from operation timer and designed to wash by filtered water from backwashing. Sand filter is installed six complete units. iii) Sedimentation part iv) Clarified water storages. c) Sand filters: Clarified water is polished to 3ppm as suspended solid by two horizontal type pressure filters with triple layer of anthracites. i) Portable water system (drinking water) ii) Water demineralization. backwash wasted else once stored in the backwash water Reservoir and returned to the raw water Reservoir and Recovered. iii) Cooling water make up system iv) Fire pump system v) Process use. The clarifier area is designed to have a approx 2.4m!!!!!!!/km2 of its surface land and three hours of city retention time. pump. And also designed to be capable of aid to 820 m/h. ii) Consist of Flocculation part. . Each unit on continuous basis clarified water is then collected in a clear well and feed to the sand filter for farther treatment.
. The upper companrment is designed to hold appror half of the the whole resin volume without any epace for free board. These are forced-draft decarbonation tower with a sufficient capacity of degasifier tank. A substance washing system of carbon bed is furnished in order to ensure ioniform water backwash.C filters are furnished to remove Residual chlorine and other organic matters from the filtered water. In each distribution and backwash collector system is fabricated by corrosion Resistant materials. onidelleand bottom of the vessel. The vessel is devided into fwo part with three nozzle plates located in top.# Demineralization system: e) Activated carbon filters: A. all rubber lined steel constricetion complete with distributor mist separator. Only strong acid eation Resin is used in the system and eation exchanges resin its separately filled into two compartments in the cation tower. The under-drain of each vessel is performed stainless steel pipes. As the fixed bed and the lower coimpentment is designed to hold the rest volume plus adequate space for resin backwash of the hold Resin as the Fleuidized bed. g) Degasifier: This is furnished to release CO2 in acidic effluent from caution towers. sucktion filter and the necessary change of suitable packings. f) Cation tower: Cation tower is furnished to remove cations by substuting hydrogen ions for essentionally all cations in that filtered water. The degassifierfan has an inlet air filter and is designed moreover loading type on its blade design.
plates. The lower compartment is designed to hold whole of weak bas anion Resin plus adequate space for Resin backwash. located in top. The portion of the both Resin volume is 1 to 1.The design of the system insures uniform distribution of incoming water across inter cross section of the vessel without direct impingement on the resin bed and the vessel is provided 100% expanding space during resin backwashing step. Mixed Bed Polisher : The mixed bed polisher is furnished completely to remove trace ions slipper from demineralizer such as nitrogen and silica. The upper compartment is designed to hold approx.h) Anion Tower: This is furnished to substitute hydroxyl ion for essentially all anions in the degasified water. Inlet distributer and backwash collector system is fabricated with corrosion resistance materials. Both middle compartment and bottom compartment is performed as the fluidized bed. . Mixed bed polisher: The mixed bed polisher is furnished completely to remove trance ions slipped from demineralizer. Such as “Na” and SiO2. Each anion tower is packed with weak bas anion Resin and strong base anion Resin and Regeneration is carried out I the direction form strong anion resin bed to weak anion Resin bed. two third of strong base anion Resin volume without any space for tree board as the fixed bed and the middle compartment is designed to hold the Rest resin volume plus adequate to hold the rest resin volume plus adequate space for Resin backwash of the hold Resin. The vessel is divided into three parts with four nozzles. middle and bottom of the vessel.
Demineralized Tank : The demineralized water goes to demineralized tank where it is stored and used in the following purposes-Ammonia -Urea -Steam generation -Water treatment .