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Management, control computer, and data processing units The management, control computer, and data processing units

are on the highest level in the computing hierarchy of the IPA2800 network elements. They have the following tasks:

Operation and maintenance, including control of the Hardware Management System (or alarm system) and activation of appropriate recovery and diagnostics procedures when a fault occures switch fabric control and ATM circuit hunting basic system maintenance, including automatic recovery and diagnostics procedures in the event of a fault in the system allocation of DSP and CDSP computer resources control of some of the signal processing units handling of signalling functions and management of the associated protocols interfacing with both local users and the higher-level network management system.

The Management, control computer and data processing unit category comprises the following functional units:

CACU, Control and Administrative Computer Unit CM, Central Memory ISU, Interface Signalling Unit NEMU, Network Element Management Unit and its subunits OMU, Operation and Maintenance Unit and its subunits VANU, Voice Announcement Unit TCU, Transcoding Unit SWU (ESA24): provides the ethernet switch functionality for ISU

CACU, Control and Administrative Computer Unit CM, Central Memory ISU, Interface Control and Signalling Unit NEMU, Network Element Management Unit and its subunits SWU (ESA24 Ethernet Switch)) OMU, Operation and Maintenance Unit and its subunits VANU, Voice Announcement Unit TCU, Transcoding Unit

Management, control computer, and data processing units CACU, Control and Administrative Computer Unit
Purpose: The CACU controls the ATM switching fabrics and establishes connections for calls. Its ATM switching management functions comprise:


Redundancy: 2N Type: Plug-in Unit:

establishment of both internal and external connections via the SFU, including ATM circuit hunting and address analysis. management and control of the SFU, A2SU, and MXU transmission resource management.

Computer unit CCP18-C Control Computer, Pentium M

Interfaces:

ATM interface to MXU

Figure: CACU's interfaces - CCP18-C

CM, Central Memory


Purpose: The CM serves as the central data storage and distribution facility in the exchange. It also handles the centralised part of the common channel signalling, for example, digit analysis.

Redundancy: 2N Type: Plug-in Unit: Computer unit with no sub-units CCP18-C Control Computer, Pentium M Interfaces: ATM interface to MXU

Figure: CM's interfaces - CCP18-C

Management, control computer, and data processing units

ISU, Interface Control and Signalling Unit


Purpose: The ISU is responsible for core network emulation and BSS signalling emulation towards the MSC. Its tasks include the following:


Redundancy: N+1 Type: Plug-in Unit:

processing of the Message Transfer Part (MTP) and Signalling Connection Part (SCCP) of both narrowband and wideband SS7 signalling control of the mobile and base station signalling protocols (RANAP and BSSAP) all message handling and processing functions related to the signalling channels connected to it.

Computer unit with no sub-units CCP18-C Control Computer, Pentium M

Interfaces:

ATM interface to MXU

Figure: ISU's interfaces - CCP18-C

Management, control computer, and data processing units

NEMU, Network Element Management Unit and its subunits


Purpose: The NEMU provides the following facilities:

local user interface interface towards the higher level network management system O&M functionalities which are not handled by other computer units of the MGW, including post-processing of performance and fault management data, as well as SW upgrade support peripheral device control.

The NEMU is equipped with storage devices for storing measurement and statistical data, and an Ethernet switch with 24 physical LAN interfaces for connections to the upper-level network management system and the site LAN. Both facilities are implemented as separate plug-in units and described in separate sections which follow this one. Redundancy: Type: Plug-in Unit: None Computer unit, with dedicated storage devices and the Ethernet Switch unit (ESA24) as sub-units. MCP18-B Management Computer, Pentium M 745 (MCP18-B) MCP18-B Interfaces: Small Computer Systems Interface (SCSI) LAN/Ethernet to NMS, OMU, and Site LAN via ESA24 LAN/Ethernet to OMU via ESA24 USB * VDU *) The USB ports can be used to connect a keyboard, a mouse, or a bootable device to NEMU.

Figure: NEMU's interfaces - MCP18-B

NEMU's storage devices


Purpose: The NEMU is equipped with dedicated hard disks which primarily serve as a storage for the measurement and statistical data it collects.

Redundancy: 2N (hard disk drive) Type: Plug-in Unit: Sub-unit to NEMU HDS-B Hard Disk Drive with SCSI Interface Interfaces: Small Computer System Interface (SCSI)

Figure: NEMU's storage devices' interfaces

Configuration and redundancy principles of NEMU's storage devices


The NEMU has a duplicated hard disk unit for storing all crucial measurement and statistical data. The disks are connected to the NEMU by means of two SCSI buses, the connection principles of which are shown in the figure below.

Figure: SCSI connection principle for NEMU storage devices - MCP18-B

Management, control computer, and data processing units SWU (ESA24 Ethernet Switch))
Purpose: The SWU (ESA24) is an Ethernet switch, which provides physical LAN/Ethernet interfaces for connections between NEMU and the other units of the MGW. With two ESA24 pairs, O&M LAN and Control LAN in MGW can be physically separated.

Redundancy: None Type: Plug-in Unit: Interfaces: Ethernet switch ESA24 LAN/Ethernet to OMU, ISU, NEMU, and site LAN

Figure: ESA24's interfaces

Management, control computer, and data processing units OMU, Operation and Maintenance Unit and its subunits
Purpose: The OMU handles all the MGW's crucial upper-level system maintenance functions, such as, hardware configuration management, Hardware Management System (HMS) supervision and the associated centralised recovery functions. In the event of a fault, the OMU automatically activates appropriate recovery and diagnostics procedures within the MGW. However, errors in FDU connectivity do not cause automatic diagnostics. OMU also serves as an interface between the NEMU and the other units of the MGW. The OMU has dedicated storage devices, which house the entire system software and the event buffer for intermediate storing of alarms, along with the radio network configuration files. Redundancy: 2N Type: Plug-in Unit: Computer unit, with a dedicated storage device unit as a sub-unit. CCP18-A

Control Computer, Pentium M Interfaces: ATM virtual channels to MXU LAN/Ethernet via ESA24 to NEMU Duplicated Small Computer Systems Interface (SCSI) Service Terminal interface Multiplexer Interface Duplicated Hardware Management System (HMS) interface

Figure: OMU's interfaces - CCP18-A

OMU's storage devices


Purpose: The OMU has two dedicated hard disk units which serve as a redundant storage for the entire system software, the event buffer for intermediate storing of alarms, and the radio network configuration files. Backup copies are made onto a USB memory stick that can be connected to the CCP18-A plug-in unit's front plate. Only memory sticks can be used. FDU is the functional unit when using the USB memory stick. No separate configuration in the HW database is needed, because the USB memory stick is an external device. When removing the USB

memory stick, set the state to blocked, because the system does not do it automatically. For more details on making backup copies, see Safecopying in U4.0 Product documentation in NOLS. Redundancy: 2N (HDS-B) Type: Plug-in Unit: Interfaces: Sub-unit to OMU HDS-B: Hard Disk Drive with SCSI Interface Small Computer System Interface (SCSI)

Figure: OMU storage devices' interfaces - HDS-B

Configuration and redundancy principles of OMU's storage devices


The two mutually redundant WDUs are connected simultaneously to both OMUs by means of separate SCSI buses. This ensures that a spare unit is immediately available for either one of the mutually redundant OMUs, eliminating the need for OMU switchover in case of a memory unit failure. The connection principle for the memory units is illustrated in the figure below.

The USB stick is an optional external device that is not automatically delivered. The operator can choose to use the USB memory stick for backup purposes. When USB memory stick is used (FU is FDU), it is plugged in one CPU card. There is no direct connection to the other CPUs. Only the USB memory stick that is connected to the active OMU can be used. For OMU switchover, two USB memory sticks are needed: one for each OMU.

Figure: SCSI connection principle for OMU storage devices CCP18-A and HDS-B

Management, control computer, and data processing units VANU, Voice Announcement Unit
Purpose: The Voice Announcement Unit (VANU) controls the announcement function of MGW. It stores the individual speech samples, constructs complete announcements from them and sends them to the DSP units for further processing.

Redundancy: None Type: Plug-in Unit: Computer unit CCP18-C

Control Computer, Pentium M Interfaces: ATM interface to MXU

Figure: VANU's interfaces - CCP18-C

Management, control computer, and data processing units TCU, Transcoding Unit
Purpose: The TCU includes a number of signal processors whose main functions are:

transcoding, that is, speech signal conversion between the coded format used in the WCDMA Radio Access Network and the PCM format used in the GSM network. signal level control discontinuous transmission.

All DSPs of the unit can be freely allocated within the MGW. Redundancy: SN+

Type: Plug-in Unit:

Signal processing unit with no sub-units CDSP-D Configurable Dynamic Signal Processing Platform

Interfaces:

ATM interface to MXU

Figure: CDSP-D's interfaces