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Students concoct their own dishes from random ingredients at dining halls
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The Stanford Daily
WEDNESDAY March 4, 2009
An Independent Publication
Volume 235 Issue 22
Senate passes community ctr.resolution
Senators argue over separation from other budget priorities
By MARISA LANDICHO
SENIOR STAFF WRITER
RICE ENGAGES CRITICS
Daily exclusive interview
— CONDOLEEZZA RICE
fully legal, she also dismissed the argument that these techniques were immoral. She pointed out how it may be hard for some people to understand what it was like to be in a position of authority after Sept. 11. “When your highest responsibility is to protect the country and save innocent lives in the wake of a time when I had to watch Americans jump out of 80-story windows on the day that the towers were attacked, then I think that you have an obligation to do what is legal and necessary,” she said. “You have a moral responsibility as well, not to let Americans die unnecessarily.” “For us, those of us who were in responsible positions,” she added, “every day after Sept. 11 was Sept. 12, and that was until the day we left.” Rice, however, carefully sidestepped questions about whether she personally supported or raised moral objections about the use of any harsh interrogation techniques, refusing to comment on “internal deliberations in the administration.” She also declined to state whether she thought waterboarding was a form of cruel and usual punishment, simply noting that the President told his advisors only to authorize interrogation methods that were legal, within U.S. treaty obligations and not forms of torture. When pressed again about whether waterboarding was cruel and unusual, Rice responded, “Obviously anything that we authorized was in the context of our treaty obligations and within the law.” Rice was similarly careful not to openly condemn President Obama’s decision to roll back the harsh interrogation methods and close Guantanamo Bay and CIA prisons, though she noted the rising debate over the difficulty of safely closing Guantanamo. Even while serving in the Bush administration, Rice said she had been an advocate for closing the prison if it could be done safely. “Yes, it was not a luxury hotel, but it was, I think, a well-run facility,” she said of Guantanamo. “But people now recognize there are very dangerous people there.” Rice framed other conflicts that arose during her term as Secretary of State in moral terms. She recalled meeting raped and battered women in Darfur and called it “the hardest thing I did as Secretary.” Rice said that while the U.S. did everything it could to assuage the situation, bar military action, she was disappointed with the results. Rice also framed the Iraq war in moral
“...every day after Sept. 11 was Sept. 12, and that was until the day we left.”
After some initial hesitation, the Undergraduate Senate unanimously approved a resolution to support community centers during Tuesday night’s meeting. Next week, similar resolutions in support of sustainability, mental health, academics and the arts are expected to be considered by the body. The new Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education (VPUE) budget, which will make the final decision as to what programs will be cut, is expected to be released this month. Prompted by both constituent concerns and a direct presentation by student leaders to the Senate on Feb. 17, the Senate resolution further explained the necessity and value of community centers. Purposely avoiding specifics, it echoed the advocacy letter released by the ASSU Executives at the end of January, which named community centers, mental health, academics and frontline staff as the top four priorities. “We’re looking for a statement of solidarity,” said Melissa Morales ‘09, who spoke on behalf of community centers two weeks ago and also defended the resolution last night. Although present Senators approved the message of the resolution, some worried that a separate resolution on community centers would de-legitimize previous budget advocacy efforts by the ASSU. “Once we start passing a bunch of resolutions about separate things, the idea of having some kind of coherent recommendation by the student body has fallen apart and imploded,” said Senator Luukas Ilves ‘09, who is a Daily columnist. Moreover, he reiterated the troubling precedent of passing resolutions for any group that gave a presentation. Both Senators Yvorn “Doc” AswadThomas ‘11 and Herwin Icasiano ‘10, however, believed that the presenters’ efforts should be recognized and a resolution would not undermine the other three priorities. “The fact that these people made an effort to provide us with this information means that we should pass this resolution,” Icasiano said. ASSU Vice President Fagan Harris ‘09 also sided with the community center representatives. While the ASSU’s previous four priori-
MASARU OKA/The Stanford Daily
Condoleezza Rice was in her Hoover office yesterday after her official return on March 2. Rice’s office was already set up with sports memorabilia, pictures with world leaders, a model of the USS Condoleezza Rice, and other memorable objects from her time in office as National Security Advisor and Secretary of State for the Bush administration.
By ANDREA FULLER and KAMIL DADA Condoleezza Rice officially returned to Stanford just this week, but the political science professor already appears at home in her Hoover Institution office. Her shelves are neatly organized, displaying autographed footballs, photos of Rice with world leaders and even a model of the USS Condoleezza Rice. The former Secretary of State and National Security Advisor is confident that she will have a smooth transition back to the Farm. In an exclusive interview with The Daily yesterday, Rice displayed poise and composure, and she dismissed student concerns about the Bush administration’s authorization of harsh interrogation methods. In April 2008, ABC News reported that senior White House officials, including Rice, approved “enhanced interrogation techniques” such as waterboarding. The news outlet reported that Rice told the CIA, “This is your baby. Go do it.” Rice later publicly admitted to the Senate that these discussions took place, although she declined to go into detail about her own positions. Some campus activists believe this news is evidence that Rice supported torture, and they suggest that she does not belong at Stanford as a result. (See “Few equate Rice, Rumsfeld” in the Feb. 23 issue of The Daily.) Rice was unfazed and steady in responding to these allegations, and emphasized multiple times that the administration repeatedly ensured that its actions were legal and in accordance with U.S. treaty responsibilities. “I think it would have been unusual if there had not been discussions at the highest levels of government about what we were going to do in a post-9/11 environment,” she said. “The one thing that I am absolutely confident of and certain of in my own mind, is that we did what we thought was necessary, but also what we believed was legal.” Though Rice primarily emphasized that the harsh interrogation techniques were
Please see SENATE, page 6
Please see RICE, page 6
SCIENCE & TECH
Record numbers run for ASSU
Five Executive slates, 60-plus Senate candidates on tap
By MATT SERNA
More than 60 students have declared their intent to run for a seat in the Undergraduate Senate, and five slates have declared their candidacy for Executive, setting the stage for an extraordinarily competitive ASSU election season this spring. ASSU Executive Of the five executive candidates, two slates — Bennett Hauser ‘10 and Matt Sprague ‘10, and David Gobaud ‘08 M.S. ‘09 and Jay de la Torre ‘10 — have previous ASSU experience. Hauser is the manager of The Stanford Store, and Sprague currently oversees Stanford Student Enterprise’s (SSE) capital group. “We will also apply our role as financial leaders to student groups by fighting
to increase funding for all those in need,” Hauser said. “We must make sure that no Stanford student, community center or student group is overlooked in these cuts and remain strong during these times.” Gobaud is currently the operations manager for the ASSU Executives, and de la Torre has been involved in planning the upcoming ASSU Service Summit. Gobaud ran unsuccessfully for executive last year, and he hopes to leverage his experience from that campaign in this year’s election “I know the issues better [than I did last year]; it definitely helps to have run a previous campaign,” he said. “The biggest problem next year is the budget crisis. We need to make sure we’re fighting to maintain staff and members of our community.” Also running for Executive are Blake Miller ‘11 and Nicholas Murray ‘11 (The Green Party), Benjamin Hersh ‘10 and Richard Furtell (The Grand Math and Science Coalition) and John Lyman ‘11 and Garret Werner ‘10 (Just A Couple Of Affable, Public Service-Oriented Guys Trying To Help The Student Body Exercise Its Voice While Also Bridging
The Gap Between Our Peers And The Faculty/Administrative Complex). ASSU Undergraduate Senate This year’s crop of at least 60 Senate contenders is much larger than in previous years. In last year’s election, 39 students received more than 10 votes in competition for the Senate’s 15 seats. Bryce Kam ‘12, a Frosh Council member and Senate candidate in this year’s election, feels that one of the biggest reasons for this increase in competition is the unusually large number of frosh running for Senate. “There are a lot more freshmen, and a lot more people from Frosh Council,” Kam said. “[ASSU President Jonny Dorsey ‘09 and Vice President Fagan Harris ‘09] have raised awareness regarding what the ASSU does as a whole, which has inspired freshmen to get involved. People are more aware of the ASSU, which translates to more people running.” Like Kam, Howard Tan ‘11 believes that outreach by the current student government has increased the number of candidates.
Warming speeds ahead
Greenhouse gas report exceeds IPCC worst-case scenario
By CASEY LINDBERG
BECCA DEL MONTE/The Stanford Daily
“People are running because last year’s senators have done a great job reaching out to people,” Tan said. Tan did not run as a freshman, partially because he had had no interaction with the ASSU at that time. “It speaks well of the current Senate that they’ve actively looked at the issue of leadership rejuvenation,” he said. Some Senate candidates see the current ASSU as excessively bureaucratic, and are running because they feel they
Please see CANDIDATES, page 6
Stanford researchers involved in the Nobel Prize-winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) now say that global warming may be happening faster than previously anticipated, in light of alarming new data on greenhouse gas emissions. “The main message from the new data is that the window of opportunity for getting the emissions under control is rapidly closing,” said Chris Field, a professor of biology and environmental earth system science who was involved in the IPCC. Field explained that the worst-case scenario explored in the last IPCC report was based on annual emissions of eight billion tons of carbon from burning fossil fuels and manufacturing cement. New figures from the Department of
Please see IPCC, page 6
Features/2 • Opinions/3 • Sports/4 • Classifieds/5
2 N Wednesday, March 4, 2009
The Stanford Daily
COOK IT YOURSELF
By STACIE CHAN
Students craft their own recipes to escape dining hall monotony
breakfast concoctions possible. Stephanie Castro’s ‘12 approach to waffle innovation is minimalist, but effective. After spraying a liberal amount of non-stick spray, Castro carefully ladles a scoopful of multigrain waffle batter in half of the iron, and then proceeds to ladle another scoopful of the regular batter, creating a uniquely different waffle that somewhat resembles the yin-yang symbol. “It’s not super weird, but I just wanted to do something different,” Castro said. “I like the multigrain side because it’s healthier, but the regular side tastes slightly better, so I use both.” The waffle station is just one of the “Do It Yourself” stations available at Lakeside Dining that seem to be fostering creativity. Lakeside even provides an open stove top as another way for students to produce unique options. Natth Bejraburnin ‘09 takes advantage of the stove top to make chow fun mixed with sausage links and sliced deli meat from the salad bar. Bejraburnin explained that he liked the idea of being able to cook his own food with his own choice of ingredients. Like Bejraburnin, Roxna Irani ‘10, who has written for The Daily in the past, also utilizes the salad bar for ingredients. Her concoction of cottage cheese and honey mustard is a mixture that isn’t as well-received by her friends. “I swear it’s delicious — you just have to try it,” Irani promised, despite her friends’ disgusted reactions. Yet while some students enjoy creating food concoctions for fun, others are resorting to them as ways to combat dining hall monotony. “There was no sauce that was spicy enough in the dining hall,” said Tim Garibaldi ‘10. “So, I watched a friend make a ‘special sauce’ of ranch dressing, sriracha [chili sauce] and BBQ sauce, and now I always use it as a dip for fries and cheese sticks.” “Food was getting redundant,” agreed Monchette Gonda ‘12, “so I started making my own pasta sauce out of the condiments and spices available at FloMo.” Upon hearing these comments of “redundancy” or “monotony,” however, Eric Montell, executive director of Stanford Dining, was puzzled, citing Stanford Dining’s high levels of food satisfaction — including variety, quality and menu choices. “Our chefs change the menu each day and every meal to provide greater variety than any restaurant or eatery,” Montell said in an email to The Daily. “Students are often surprised that they have so much influence over the menu and our team of chefs is happy to provide this customized service.” Yet many students still seem unaware of this student feedback option and prefer to take personal control of their food options. For some, the best creations sprang from accidents and have become favorites ever since. Mike “Tubbz” Tubbs ‘12 started eating pineapples with hot sauce after those were the only two items left on his plate. “It’s so good; it’s like an Ujamaa dish now,” Tubbs explained, referring to its growing popularity. “I eat it with every meal because it’s like Pringles: once you pop, you don’t stop. Plus, it tastes like the pineapple is biting back at you.” But not all foods have to be based on mismatched ingredients. Some students imitate already-made products to create refreshing alternatives to dining hall food. “I make coffee smoothies (what Starbucks calls the Frappuccino), using coffee, milk, ice and fro-yo,” wrote Deniz Kahramaner ‘12 in an email to The Daily. The frozen blend comes surprisingly close to the original, he added. And when the creative juices just aren’t flowing, the default sandwich area in each dining hall is always stocked with various types of bread, spreads, sauces and other options. So before you find yourself dreading a meal at the dining hall, look at it as an opportunity to spice up your meal.You just might find yourself with a customized Frappuccino or Raisin Bran sandwich on your empty plate. Contact Stacie Chan at sjchan@stanford. edu.
AGUSTIN RAMIREZ/The Stanford Daily
Students at Lakeside Dining stir up their own fried rice. “Do It Yourself” stations like this give students more flexibility for optimum taste-bud satisfaction.
ven though our parents told us never to play with our food, the endless possibilities available in the dining hall just beg Stanford students to do otherwise. Some innovate out of necessity; others craft concoctions to satisfy unique cravings. Whatever the reason, more and more students across campus are exploring their creative sides, creating unique, and often tasty, alternatives to the already prepared food. “I didn’t see anything I liked so I started making my Raisin Bran sandwich,” said Jean Lam ‘12. The Raisin Bran sandwich is comprised of two mayonnaise-slathered pieces of white bread that envelop a handful of Raisin Bran cereal. “My dad used to make it and I always copied him, so I think it’s perfectly normal and tastes good,” Lam said. “But everyone else thinks it’s weird.” But this “weirdness” seems to be exactly what Stanford students want. Wilbur serves breakfast for lunch and dinner on Wednesday nights by popular demand. Omelets and waffles open up endless culinary possibilities for student innovation. With both the waffle station and salad bar fully stocked with toppings, there is an infinite number of
By KELLEY FONG
SENIOR STAFF WRITER
uring play, they are intense and mostly silent. But they don’t keep score, and afterwards, they chat casually but animatedly about the game, using words like “duck,” “transportation,” “rough” and “restricted” in ways the dictionary doesn’t recognize. One of Stanford’s nationally competitive teams proves itself not on a field, on a court or in a pool, but around a table. Elena Grewal, a graduate student in education; C. J. Jameson ‘10;Alex Lovejoy, a graduate student in biochemistry; Eric Mayefsky, a graduate student in economics; and Zizhuo Wang, a graduate student in management science and engineering, are among the top bridge players in the nation. In a relaxed, informal conversation, they shared their enthusiasm for the game and encouraged their peers to give bridge a chance. The bridge club meets twice a week — Tuesday evenings for informal games and teaching, and Thursday evenings for a formal duplicate game in which players can earn points toward their national bridge rankings. Both meetings attract alumni and community members, along with students. Although attendance varies, club members estimate between 10 and 25 players at each meeting. Members enthusiastically welcome beginners, and advanced players offer informal lessons at Tuesday night meetings. The group also promotes bridge education by teaching a student-initiated course on bridge, which drew 15 students this year and 20 last year. ♦♦♦ This summer, four club members will compete in the 2009 North American Collegiate Bridge Team Championships. Two Stanford teams competed in the 26-team online qualifying round, and Grewal, Lovejoy, Mayefsky and Wang emerged as the top-ranked team of eight qualifying teams. They will travel to Washington, D.C. in July to compete against teams from Harvard, Princeton, Davidson, University of Chicago, University of North Carolina, McGill and UCLA. In addition to the collegiate events, this 11-day national competition features many other events for beginners and experts alike. “You could be playing 100 hands a day,” Jameson said. Team members agreed that it can be tiring, but that stamina increases. Mayefsky went to his first nationals in 2003, when the Stanford team placed first. Subsequent Stanford teams placed second in 2004 and 2007, and third in 2005. The team won’t be doing any special preparations for the competition. “At this level, we know that we are better than every-
Bridge ♦ ing the gap
Stanford’s bridge team headed towards national competition
players to the game. ♦♦♦ What do team members have in common aside from a love of bridge? “Just liking games, if that makes any sense,” Grewal offered, “liking a puzzle, liking a challenge.” “I have a word for it, but other people find the word derogatory,” Mayefsky said. He mouths “nerdiness,” and others debate amongst themselves whether the label fits. Grewal disagreed. “There are people who are really into bridge who are not that nerdy,” she said. “It’s not true. At one point, 50 percent of college students played. My grandparents played when they were in college. You just have to like games, and everyone likes games.” “I think it’s more like a sport,” Grewal said, prompting laughter from the group.“Like you have to invest in it, and then you get more out of it, and it’s social.” ♦♦♦ Members note that although one can learn the mechanics of the game in an hour, playing bridge necessitates a greater commitment. But Mayefsky suggested that cultivating bridge players may not be so difficult. “You really just need to get them hooked,” he said.“It’s not that you need to teach them everything there is to know — you just have to get them to a point where they want to learn more. And then it’s very easy for them.” ♦♦♦ Club members acknowledged the perception of bridge as a game for older people, saying that they always get reactions when they tell people they play bridge. To some extent, the perception is real, and some attribute the decline in young players to the rise of computers in recent decades. “Every young bridge player is always sort of wrestling with this issue that there aren’t very many young bridge players,” Mayefsky said. But members cited a good community of young bridge players, particularly in the Bay Area. Many young players also convene at the summer nationals event. “It’s nice to have them all in one place,” Mayefsky added. “We hang out. We have fun.” Members also noted the networking potential that comes with being able to play an intergenerational game. “There are actually a lot of really powerful people who play bridge,” Grewal said. Lovejoy agreed, adding, “The best way to meet Bill Gates and Warren Buffet is to sit down at a bridge table.” For more information and meeting details, visit http://bridgeclub.stanford.edu. Contact Kelley Fong at firstname.lastname@example.org.
AGUSTIN RAMIREZ/The Stanford Daily Members of Stanford’s bridge club, led by Eric Mayefsky (center), meet every Tuesday night to play bridge in Old Union.
body,” Mayefsky said. “We have the best team in the event.” The Stanford players have played many of their competitors in previous tournaments, as well as the qualifiers. Mayefsky added that doing well in the event is “just a matter of not screwing up” and “not doing fancy stuff.” “Just play normally,” Grewal said. ♦♦♦ Many members learned bridge in high school from parents, grandparents or teachers, and learned more advanced techniques through books and Web sites. “I think the way that I actually learned how to play was just to play a lot,” Grewal said. “We throw a lot of pointers back and forth,” Jameson agreed. “We work together to teach each other and get better.” Members estimated that they play bridge about once a week, although this varies widely. The continual challenge
draws them to the game. “It’s always a new puzzle,” Lovejoy said. “Bridge gives you the right amount of information in a puzzle so you can figure out an intelligent thing to do without it being obvious.” Wang agreed. “You can always find clues on the table,” he said. “I don’t really like playing online, because I cannot see the people.” Mayefsky added that the growth potential in bridge might be another attractor. “For the first 15 to 20 years you’re playing, if you always want to learn more to improve your game, there’s always new systems and things you can learn,” he noted, drawing contrasts with other card games. In fact, unlike chess, backgammon and checkers, not even a computer can compete against the best human bridge players, according to Mayefsky. Additionally, as bridge is played with partners, he suggested that this social nature often converts chess
The Stanford Daily
Wednesday, March 4, 2009 N 3
The Stanford Daily
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In praise of practical public service for education
omewhat lost in the commotion over Condoleezza Rice’s return to Stanford was another Stanford political science professor’s concurrent departure for government service.Prof.Michael McFaul’s appointment as Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and senior director for Russian and Eurasian affairs at the National Security Council serves as yet another reminder that Stanford has much to gain from the continuous exchange of Stanford academics in policymaking positions. While it is readily evident that one’s performance as a public servant is more likely to invite controversy than typical academic pursuits, the editorial board believes that such real world experience is invaluable and that Stanford can benefit from professors with public service records placing a greater emphasis on applying their hands-on experience in the classroom. Stanford is blessed to have a wealth of academics with experience in all realms of public policy. Economics Prof. John Taylor — best known for his eponymous rule for setting interest rates and his ubiquitous introductory economics textbook — served as the Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs under President George H.W. Bush. The popular MS&E 193 course “Technology and National Security”is co-taught by former Clinton Secretary of Defense William Perry. Meanwhile, Professor of Education Linda Darling-Hammond has been named one of the nation’s 10 most influential people in shaping education policy, and her name was floated for the top job at the Education Department before current Secretary Arne Duncan was nominated. And this breadth of service is hardly limited to the social sciences. President Obama’s Secretary of Energy, Steven Chu, was until 2001 a physics professor at Stanford,where he was instrumental in establishing the Bio-X program. Currently, McFaul leaves to fill a post previously held by Prof. Coit Blacker in the first Clinton administration. And in McFaul’s farewell party last Friday,Blacker jokingly referred to the monopoly that Stanford has had on the position. Meanwhile, McFaul’s replacement at the Center for Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law, Prof. Larry Diamond, is a frequent advisor to the State Department, United Nations, World Bank and the Iraq Coalition Provisional Authority. Given this staggering richness of experience, all that is left is to encourage these professors to import their policymaking experience to the classroom experience. Some professors already do so: Blacker’s “International Security in a Changing World” class traditionally participates in a generally well-received three-day U.N.simulation.Rice herself is known to have performed similar practical simulations in her own courses during her teaching days at Stanford. In addition to emphasizing practical policymaking instruction, what Stanford would greatly benefit from is a consolidation of the many professors with this experience into a single, cohesive program. Since 2000, Yale has boasted the BradyJohnson Program in Grand Strategy, a yearlong course combining intensive study, plum internships, prominent guest lecturers and “hands-on” policy simulations. Proponents of Yale’s course have “argued that universities had become too specialized, focusing on narrower and narrower topics without offering students a general, big-picture view of the world or an intellectual framework for understanding how the different pieces fit together,” according to a recent Wall Street Journal editorial. Duke and West Point have already taken up conservative philanthropist Roger Hertog on his offer of up to $10 million to jumpstart similar endeavors. Stanford would have much to gain from a program based on the Grand Strategy model. But we must acknowledge that there are potential risks in combining policymaking with teaching. Political Science Prof. emeritus Hubert Marshall was quoted in a Daily article on Rice’s return,stating his concern that “professors should not mix policy-making with teaching because it precludes objectivity.” In applying policymaking to the classroom, professors must be conscious of this prospect. In fact, the risk of subjectivity provides further reason to embrace a program like Yale’s, wherein multiple professors with differing ideologies may be able to offer a more balanced policymaking perspective. Stanford faces a difficult economy, and new programs — even ones with potential philanthropists — are unlikely to get off the ground. Nonetheless, even as our university grapples with the current economic crisis, we must remember that the outside world is struggling too.This university was founded on the idea of practical education in addition to immersion in humanities and the arts, and a concerted effort to offer realistic instruction about the challenges outside the classroom would be invaluable to Stanford students as they leave and prepare to make their mark on the world.
Tonight’s Desk Editors Julia Brownell News Editor Sam Svoboda Sports Editor Chelsea Ma Features Editor Agustin Ramirez Photo Editor Jane LePham Copy Editor
T OO B IG
Baby, you can drive my car
Unsigned editorials in the space above represent the views of The Stanford Daily's editorial board and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Daily staff. The editorial board is comprised of two former Daily staffers, three at-large student members and the two editorial board co-chairs. Any signed columns and contributions are the views of their respective writers and do not necessarily represent the views of the entire editorial board. To contact the editorial board for an issue to be considered, or to submit an op-ed, please email email@example.com.
T HE V OICE
e all know about biking at Stanford: Among our almost 15,000 students, we have over 12,000 bikes! Grad students wear bike helmets! This roundabout, right next to the clock tower, was formerly known as the Intersection of Death, but now isn’t because we are all super-cautious and never running late for anything! Which is all well and good — it makes sense. But the other, less-celebrated form of private transportation at Stanford remains veiled in contradiction and mystery. I speak, of course, of the practice of students owning cars at Stanford — an absurd and rather Borgesian situation that defies all logic of space, time and integrity. Were I a math major or a string theorist, I’m sure I would understand it. Alas, as a humanities major, all I do is weep and write sentence fragments in moleskin notebooks. There are three major paradoxes in the way we drive on campus. First off, 50 percent of upperclassmen, including myself, own cars. What, I ask, do we actually use them for? Stanford students have little time to do anything cool off-campus, but having a car at our disposal allows us to imagine that we could, if we really wanted to. In my mind, I use my car for culturally enriching museum trips, job interviews and offcampus community service. In reality, I use it for Savers expeditions, BevMo runs and raiding my parents’ fridge (this is real talk, folks). Thus, my car is a symbol of myself, both as I am and as I aspire to be — a benchmark of my personal growth, or lack thereof. This is a great reason for everyone to own a set of wheels, especially considering the existence of a free shuttle service all across campus. The second car-related paradox at Stanford is parking. Whether or not Stanford’s campus actually is the second-largest in the world — because Wikipedia, Ask.com and Stanford Visitor Information Services, three of the most reputable sources of information out there, give me three different answers to this query, my integrity as a journalist prevents me from
contending one way or the other — you’ve got to admit that our school is fairly gargantuan. Indeed, Brodie Hamilton, the director of Stanford Parking and Transportation Services, avowed that “Stanford has over 22,000 parking spaces. On a typical day, there are less than 18,000 cars parked.” As a fun side note, he estimated that 12,000 of these cars belong to faculty, staff and student commuters, 5,000 belong to (mostly student) residents and around 600 to 1,000 belong to visitors. Mr. Hamilton also very nicely sent me a map showing where all this mysterious parking is located. Answer: FroSoCo. Which would be fine, were I not a child of the Internet Age, bored by and indifferent to anything other than instant gratification. The idea of walking for 15 minutes to drive for 10 is illogical even to me. I could just bike, but I’d rather complain. The third automotive absurdity at Stanford is of an ideological nature. Like being Spider-man, having a car on Stanford’s campus confers both great power and great responsibility. Students who own cars must contend with the wrath of our eco-friendly friends who would never dream of being so selfish as to own a car, yet never miss an opportunity to ask us for a ride to Whole Foods. Locally farmed blueberries for everyone! Just as President Obama once spoke of those Americans who, in fear and ignorance, cling to “guns and religion,” I now bashfully identify myself among those Stanford students who, swept away by delusion of grandeur and independence, cling to our cars. We know that most of the time we don’t really need them. We also know that, based on both the parking crunch on campus and the precariousness state of the environment in general, we shouldn’t all have them. So what? I would encourage all of us to ditch our cars — provided we keep around that one eco-indifferent friend who will drive us to InN-Out. But since I know that I’ll never do it, I highly suspect that you won’t either. The best solution I can offer to this mad-
The idea of walking for 15 minutes to drive for 10 is illogical even to me.I could just bike, but I’d rather complain.
ness, then, is for us to at least consider carpooling whenever possible. Last week I talked with John Zimmer, COO and founder of Zimride, an ingenious little service that utilizes Facebook to let you superficially judge strangers based on their favorite television shows and quotes before you commit to spend several hours trapped in a confined space with them. (Zimmer also assured me that his company,which I’m guessing is named after him, doubles as great dating service.) Zipcar is another option, which I’ve heard described as “fairly sweet.” I’ll never use it, but you should. And of course,there also is the Marguerite. It does run at times other than Pub Night. Or biking. If you would like to sponsor Jenna in her attempt to pay off her collection of parking tickets,please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
It’s the salaries, stupid - part II
T HE WANDERER
n my last column, I argued that a big part of the problem plaguing our nation’s educational system, particularly in urban and under-performing schools, is teacher pay. Recall my argument: First, the single most important determinant of student success p— beyond facilities,supplies and curriculum — is teacher quality. Second, the qualifications and talent required to allow an individual to teach effectively in our country’s most struggling schools are significant and broad. Third, to get individuals with these kinds of skills into the worst kind of educational environments, we need to pay them like the professionals they are. My own experiences teaching in a public charter school made me realize that it takes an incredibly broad skill set to effectively teach students in difficult educational environments. The individuals who possess these skills tend to be our nation’s top students. They are also the kind of individuals who make great lawyers, doctors, engineers, managers, professors, financiers, etc. When we take a look at how much more these professions pay, it is unsurprising why our educational system is starved of our top graduates. For example, both the San Francisco Unified School District and the New York City public schools start new teachers at about $45,000. According to Stanford’s Career Development Center, the 2007-2008 average starting salary for Master’s graduates with an engineering degree was $76,161; and for Master’s graduates with a humanities degree, it was $63,059. Even education Master’s graduates averaged $59,420 — I’m guessing most of them went into research, administration or richer school districts. And if we look at ongoing, rather than starting salaries, the picture is just as bad.According to the American Federation of Teachers, the average salary for traditional public school teachers in 2006-2007 was $51,009. By comparison, the average salary for a sample of 23 comparable professional occupations was over $71,000, a $20,000 gap. It can be argued that teacher’s salaries are
higher than they seem, because teachers have the summer off. But even if we adjust the salaries upwards by 20 percent, they still fall well short. Finally, when we consider that graduates at top schools, who go into highly paid professions, can earn hundreds of thousands a year after becoming established in their field, that $51,009 average teacher’s salary starts to look painfully meager. So how do we get our top professionals into our most needy classrooms? The answer is to pay them as professionals.Anecdotally, I know that there are tons of well-meaning young people out there who would love to go into teaching if it afforded them a modestly affluent lifestyle,instead of one that was modestly squalid. I myself might still be teaching at that charter school if the pay hadn’t been so low that I was actually eating into my savings while working there. If salaries for classroom teachers were essentially doubled so they started at, say, $80,000 and increased to, say, $130,000 over twenty years, I believe the dynamic of staffing our schools, even the most difficult, would instantly and dramatically change. Our top college graduates,instead of clawing their way over each other into positions at Goldman Sachs, would instead beat a path to the doors of our schools. They would eagerly obtain the best certification or graduate preparation needed to obtain these teaching positions, without having to be forced by legislation like No Child Left Behind. In short, they would act as individuals do when competing for legal, medical, technical, financial or almost all non-teaching professional roles. Finally, note that I’m not talking about merit pay, where the very best teachers get a few thousand extra, or even $10,000 or $20,000 extra. This is too fraught with implementation problems, and more importantly it won’t solve the problem of professionalizing teaching. I’m talking about systemic change and across-the-board pay raises. (Once that’s accomplished, we can still look at bonuses for
Eulogy for a newspaper B
efore last Friday, it had been a while since I actually cried. But on Friday, my hometown newspaper died. The Denver-based Rocky Mountain News was founded on April 23, 1859 and it shut down for good on Feb. 27, 2009. Two more months, and it would have been 150 years old. Like many newspapers across the country,The Rocky was in deep financial trouble, operating at an annual loss of millions of dollars. Its parent company, E.W. Scripps, had been trying for months to find a buyer and ultimately could not. Fortunately, Denver was not left newspaper-less.The other major newspaper in town, the Denver Post, is losing money at the same rate, but has yet to close down — its owners perhaps hoping that, without a competitor, it may be able to turn things around. The Post’s survival is of little comfort to most of those who had lost their jobs at The Rocky. Out of more than 200 news and editorial employees, only 11 have been hired by The Post. Already, both papers had a joint operating agreement in which advertising and circulation were run out of the same office and printing facilities were shared. If The Post is still alive (for now), why am I so sad? There are many other places, one might say, where the lone newspaper in town is facing the same possibility of collapse. Los Angeles, of all places, has seen the L.A. Times cut its news staff in half. Much of my sorrow is purely and unashamedly sentimental. The Rocky was always the paper I considered to be mine.We got it at home, and in second grade I started reading the comics every day, eventually expanding to the whole paper. This routine of comics in the morning and everything else after school was my first foray into the fine art of procrastination to avoid homework. Interestingly, the first letter to the editor I
licited email — it’s worth thinking about what a newspaper does for a community. As usual, The Daily itself will go on the ballot and request help from students. And, as usual, many students will vote against it, saying it is error-ridden, too liberal, never read, just sucks or any variety of other complaints making it not worth a few dollars a quarter. This year, more than any other, I urge you to reconsider. The Daily is not perfect.Its writers and editors are full-time students paid almost nothing for the large amounts of time they spend working there. With The Daily’s own loss of ad revenue — by far its major funding source — all staff may soon truly be just volunteers. The Daily makes mistakes. It gets things wrong on occasion. It hires crappy opinion columnists like me (though we are unpaid). But consider the death of The Rocky Mountain News before voting against The Daily. Without it, “There will be far fewer people looking out for you.” The Daily questions both the administration and student government. It promotes the accomplishments of students, professors and staff, and also airs their opinions. It reviews and announces student performances and covers athletics. It tries to entertain. When voting for special fees, maybe none of the above is worth the cost to you. Maybe in a recession those few dollars a month add up. Or buy you extra Starbucks. But what other student organization covers as broad a spectrum in building community and informing the campus? I will be voting for special fees for many groups, which all add something to the campus community. But none is as irreplaceable as our newspaper. It is possible that I am biased. Michael’s tears for The Rocky and Denver are real. Console him at email@example.com.
ever wrote was to defend some of my teachers amid sweeping criticism of the serious problems in Denver Public Schools. The Rocky also had deep ties to my family. Decades earlier, the paper gave extensive coverage to my aunt Katie when she won the National Spelling Bee. She eventually became a writer at the paper, where she met her husband, Cyrus, a photographer who would be part of a Rocky team that won a Pulitzer for its coverage of the Columbine high school shootings in 1999. Though Cyrus moved to The Post several years ago, Katie and my other aunt, her sister Anne, were still working at The Rocky when it closed. Sensing what was coming, Anne, a copy editor, took me with her to the office over winter break so that I could see the news room while it was still operational. As we stood on a balcony looking out at the Christmas lights below in downtown Denver, she said something like,“We don’t know what’s going to happen, but we just keep getting the paper ready to come out tomorrow.” Finally, last week, they were told to stop. And that’s when the torrents of tears began. “Don’t feel sorry for us — feel sorry for Denver, for Colorado. You may not miss us now, but you will most certainly miss us later,” wrote Rob Reuteman, The Rocky’s business editor in his farewell column. “There will be many nooks and crannies around this town that won’t see the light of day any more,” he continued. “It will be somewhat easier for all manner of crooks to prosper. Corruption at all levels of government will grow some. Politicians will escape embarrassment. Businesses will hoodwink their employees and shareholders. More taxpayer money will be wasted. And far fewer people will be looking out for you.” Here, at the start of campus election season — noted by the vast increase in unso-
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4 N Wednesday, March 4, 2009
The Stanford Daily
DIVING ON THE FAST TRACK SPLASHES PAC-10 T
CHRIS DERRICK ‘12 By ZACH ZIMMERMAN
On My Mind
Card has strong showing at championships; swimmers next
MEN’S SWIMMING AND DIVING
2/25-26 Pac-10 Diving Championships
UP NEXT PAC-10 SWIMMING CHAMPIONSHIPS
3/4-3/7 Long Beach, Calif. GAME NOTES: Men’s swimming and diving got off to a strong start at last weekend’s diving portion of the Pac-10 Championships, with senior Dwight Dumais winning the conference title in the one-meter competition. The swimmers will be competing over the next four days, looking to capture Stanford’s 28th consecutive Pac-10 swimming and diving title.
By CHRISTIAN L. TOM and KENAN JIANG The No. 2 Stanford men’s diving team was in action over the weekend at the Pac-10 Diving Championships. The Cardinal met expectations with solid results, including some Pac-10 diving titles. Senior Dwight Dumais won the Pac-10 one-meter diving championship with a score of 383.05 to beat defending champion Harrison Jones of USC (374.50). Dumais also won the title in 2007, making this the second title for the senior. Sophomore standout diver Brent Eichenseer finished fourth with a score of 340.20. Both Dumais and Eichenseer’s scores will be added to the Pac10 swimming championship totals, which will take place this upcoming weekend in Long Beach, Calif. On the second day of the diving competition, Eichenseer finished third in the three-meter competition with a score of 388.15, while Dumais finished seventh with 304.30. Both divers scored for the Cardinal in the 1meter and 3-meter events. The Stanford swimming and diving team has won 27 Pac-10 titles in a row and starting today, it will seek to extend its streak to 28, one of the most impressive records in all of college sports. The swim team will be led by senior captains Nate Cass, Paul Kornfeld and Jason Dunford. Cass, a breaststroke and IM specialist, is a six-time All-American. Kornfeld is the defending NCAA champion in the 100 and 200 breast and 10-time All-American. Jason Dunford was an Olympic finalist in the 100-meter butterfly last summer and a 14-time All-American this year who will also be competing in the freestyle events for the Card. “The whole team is really taking this meet into perspective,” Kornfeld said. “I’ve said this all season long,
he Stanford track and field locker room is adorned with four poster boards, each representing a cross country national championship. Four national titles in one of the most dynamic collegiate sports pay tribute to the tradition of Stanford running. But for freshman phenom Chris Derrick, four is a lonely number. “We really want to have one, two or three of our own up there by the time I graduate,” Derrick said. “We want to get to there. We want to recreate the dominance Stanford had in the distance community.” As the 2008 Gatorade Cross Country Runner of the Year, Derrick appears to have been born running. But if you ask him, he’ll dispel that myth pretty quickly. “I played basketball and baseball in middle school,” Derrick recalled. “I wasn’t quick, I wasn’t strong and I couldn’t jump very high. I realized my days in those sports were numbered.” It was at this point that Chris’ parents were told of a summer camp for cross country — a sport he wanted no part of, at first. “I thought it was going to be stupid,” Derrick said. “But I actually enjoyed it. The rest, as they say, is history.” And what a history it has become. As a high school competitor at Neuqua Valley High School in the Chicago suburbs, Derrick was dominant. He led his team to the Nike Team National Championship in his senior season, and qualified for the Footlocker Individual National Championship.
Courtesy of Chris Derrick
Freshman Chris Derrick, the 2008 Gatorade Cross Country Runner of the Year, is off to a great start in college, having already qualified for NCAAs.
“We won the Nike Team Nationals in my senior year,” Derrick said. “That was pretty sweet.” The highlight of his illustrious high school career came when he completed a 5K in 13:55, which ranked as the sixthbest all-time mark in high school history. Members of the global running community recognized his excellence, which would have easily gained him top honors in years past. But 2008 turned out to be an exception. The runners from the Class of 2008 were considered by many to form the best class in recruiting history. Derrick is quick to turn the attention to his freshmen peers, whom he believes deserve the utmost recognition. “I was top-10 all time in the 5K, and we had three other guys that went sub-8:50 in the two-mile, which is unheard of,” Derrick said. “And then, [German] Fernandez [from Oklahoma State] has the world indoor junior record for the mile, and the American junior record for the 3K, indoor or outdoor. Beyond that, there is another guy that ran 4:01 in the mile in high school.” “Those guys are my natural rivals,” he continued.“It’s just something that is bound to happen. I do feel a little bit of pressure to beat them, but you have to have respect for people that are really good.” Stanford was always the first choice for Derrick, who had his sights set on Palo Alto from the moment the first recruiting letters began to arrive. This season, he led the Cardinal to a third-place finish at the NCAA Cross Country Championships, finishing in seventh place overall. Derrick said that he has enjoyed the adjustment from high school to collegiate running. “Training-wise, I have a bunch of people to train with all the time, and we all work out on a similar level,” Derrick said. “On the racing side, the fields are more competitive, and people take a much longer time to drop. And when you drop them, it is never by as much. Everything’s in doubt until the last kilometer or so of the race.” As the indoor track and field season draws to a close, Derrick and his Cardinal teammates are poised for success. “We have 10 guys who have broken nine minutes for the two-mile in high school or have made [the Footlocker National Championships] in the freshman and sophomore classes alone,” Derrick said. “That’s the standard for a really good runner. We have top recruits, and we definitely have the tools and the coaching and the environment.” This environment has allowed for Derrick to progress as a runner. He has already qualified for the NCAA Championships and the World Junior Cross Country Championships, which will take place in late March in Jordan. For Derrick, the latter opportunity gives him the chance to prove himself on a global level. “This is my first time ever representing the U.S., which is very cool,” Derrick said. “It will also be my first time testing myself against non-Americans. I’ve grown up in the insulated bubble of American running, so it’s time to see how I stack up on the world stage.”
WBC is great in theory, but not in reality
et me ask you this: With the second-ever World Baseball Classic starting tomorrow, who’s excited? Not me. This isn’t to say I don’t love baseball, because I do. In fact, I find the lead-up to the Major League Baseball season to be the most exciting time of the year. For me, there are just too many shortcomings with the WBC. It is a meager attempt at finding an international competition in baseball since the sport was booted from the Olympics in 2005 (the 2008 Olympics were the final games held with baseball). Baseball was removed from Olympic competition, in large part, over anger on behalf of the International Olympic Committee at Major League Baseball preventing its players from participating in what is supposed to be a collection of the greatest athletes in the participating sports. The problem with the WBC is that it still has many of the problems that Olympic baseball possessed when it existed. The best players aren’t compelled to play, and the rules of baseball are altered for fear of injury. In essence, it does not achieve the goal of figuring out which country is the best at baseball, nor does it serve as compelling entertainment. Yesterday, the New York Yankees scrimmaged Team USA, and to be perfectly honest, even though the United States won 6-5, I may have taken the Yankees starting lineup over that of Team USA. Mark Teixiera, clearly the best American first baseman in baseball, was in the Yankees lineup, not the American lineup. The United States is supposed to be the center of the baseball universe and have more baseball talent than any other nation. Yet players on its roster include Matt Lindstrom and Joel Hanrahan. I would be very impressed if any of you readers can say much of anything about either of those pitchers.
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Tennis takes top spot
Card earns No. 1 ranking after three important wins
ABy DANNY BELCH
3/2 BYU W 6-0
The Stanford men’s tennis team tacked on three more wins over the past week, beating USC, UCLA and BYU to improve to 11-1 on the season. The Cardinal also earned the top ranking in college tennis yesterday for its first time at No. 1 since 2002. Facing its toughest competition since ITA Indoors a few weeks ago, the Cardinal swept USC and UCLA in Los Angeles over the weekend. On Friday, the Cardinal downed No. 4 USC 4-3, and on Saturday, it beat the No. 7 Bruins by the same score. Both matches came down to the final singles match after the teams were tied at 3-3, and both days Stanford came out victorious. The matches do not have any impact on the Pac-10 standings, however. The actual conference matches will take place in a few weeks when the L.A.-based schools travel to Stanford. After struggling to win the doubles point in the last three matches against highly ranked opponents, the Cardinal needed to turn around its doubles game in order to have a good shot at winning. And the team did indeed turn it around, capturing the doubles point on both days, which were both crucial to the two wins. The success may have been due in part to the changing of the doubles lineup, moving senior Matt Bruch and freshman Ryan Thacher to No. 1 doubles, and senior Blake Muller and junior Richard Wire down to No. 2. Against USC, Bruch and Thacher lost to the nation’s third-ranked doubles team, Robert Farah and Steve Johnson. But Wire and Muller picked up a win at No. 2, and freshman Bradley Klahn and sophomore Ted Kelly won at No. 3 to give the Cardinal the 1-0 lead. The Trojans would not give up, though, as they came right out and won at No. 6 singles to tie the match. Wins by Bruch and Wire at No. 4 and 5 singles, respectively, put the Cardinal back on top, 31. Sophomore Alex Clayton then fell to Farah, the No. 3 singles player in the country, to pull USC back into the contest, as his doubles partner Steve
Johnson beat Thacher at No. 3 for USC to tie it at three apiece. It was up to Klahn at No. 2 singles, and the freshman won a third-set tiebreak to seal Stanford’s victory. Against UCLA, the Cardinal went with the same doubles lineup. It worked again, as both the No. 1 and No. 2 teams won their doubles matches easily, giving Stanford the 1-0 lead. In singles, the Card started a bit slowly, with UCLA capturing wins at No. 3 and No. 6 singles to go up 2-1. But Stanford rallied back, with wins by
UP NEXT SANTA CLARA
3/4 Taube Tennis Center GAME NOTES: After defeating USC, UCLA and BYU in the last week and earning its first No. 1 ranking since 2002, the Stanford men’s tennis team will host Santa Clara at Taube Tennis Center this afternoon. The Cardinal has never lost to the Broncos in men’s tennis and will look to push the all-time series record to 6-0, weather permitting.
Card getting back on track
By ANTHONY NGUYEN
SENIOR STAFF WRITER
2/27, 2/28 Washington State, Washington W 7-1, W 6-0
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CHRIS SEEWALD/The Stanford Daily
Sophomore Alex Clayton returns a ball in a match last week. Clayton has helped the Cardinal win six straight matches, a streak which has vaulted the team all the way up to No. 1.
Over the weekend, the No. 11 Stanford women’s tennis team began Pacific-10 Conference play with two strong wins over No. 58 Washington State and No. 38 Washington. With an 8-2 overall record and 2-0 in Pac-10 play, Stanford is hoping to improve off two uncharacteristic losses at last month’s Indoor Championships. “It was definitely a great way to start off conference play,” sophomore Hilary Barte said. “Everyone’s a little more adjusted, and we’re looking forward to the rest of the season.” More impressively, with Friday’s win against Washington State, Stanford has yet to lose on the Farm in over a decade of play. The team’s home win streak now stands at 141 matches in a row — not that such stats matter to the squad. “I actually didn’t know any of that,” Barte said. “We never hear anything about that. I feel pretty special to be a part of it though.” On Friday, Stanford hosted the Cougars to kick off conference play. For the sixth time this season, Stanford quickly swept the doubles point for the 1-0 lead.The Cardinal women picked up wins on all three courts by scores of 8-2, 8-3 and 8-6. In singles, the domination continued with wins on all six courts. At No. 2, junior Lindsay Burdette began a strong weekend with
UP NEXT UC-BERKELEY
3/7 Taube Tennis Center GAME NOTES: The No. 11 women’s tennis
team plays host to rival Cal this weekend, as it takes on the No. 7 Bears this Saturday. The Cardinal has bounced back after a disappointing showing at last month’s National Indoor Championships, winning its last three matches against Saint Mary’s, Washington State and Washington by a combined score of 18-3.
a 6-0, 6-1 rout of Aleksandra Cekic. Freshman Courtney Clayton followed with another 6-1, 6-0 win, and Barte clinched the match with a 6-1, 6-1 victory over Ekaterina Kamendova. With wins by senior Jessica Nguyen, sophomore Carolyn McVeigh and freshman Veronica Li, Stanford completed its third shutout of the season. “That’s just a result of each one of us taking care of our own courts and giving everything to each point,” Barte said of the shutouts. “The results take care of themselves as long as we’re working hard.” On Saturday, the Huskies came
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The Stanford Daily
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Wednesday, March 4, 2009 N 5
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but everything so far has been a stepping stone towards this meet, and then to NCAAs.” Other heavy hitters for the Card include junior Eugene Godsoe, who is a strong contender to win individual titles at the NCAAs for the 100 and 200 backstroke. The five-time All-American from Greensboro, N.C., held the fastest 100 backstroke time this season up until last weekend, when Texas backstroker Hill Taylor snatched the season-high mark at 45.65. Godsoe also held the fastest 200 backstroke time, but his 1:40.61,
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swam at the Art Adamson Invitational in November 2008, has now been surpassed by stellar performances by Michigan’s Tyler Clary, Florida’s Texford Tullius and Florida’s Omar Pinzon at their respective conference championships. Godsoe, however, will have a chance to regain the edge in both the 100 and 200 events for his first individual Pac-10 title and hopefully his first individual NCAA title. Stanford also has a wide range of strong distance freestylers at its disposal, including freshmen Chad La Tourette, Trevor Scheid and Michael Zoldos. Sophomores David Mosko and Scotty Korotkin will bolster the distance 500 and 1650-yard freestyle events. So far in the dual meet regular season, Stanford has been 8-0, winning all of its dual-meet matchups.
The Cardinal will begin its quest for its 28th Pac-10 championship on March 4 and finish competition March 7. Men’s NCAA Swimming Championships will begin March 26 at Texas A&M, where Stanford is a strong favorite to win the national title this year. Swimming enthusiasts should expect very fast swimming times from Stanford, as the swimmers will be rested and suited up for both these post-season meets. “We’re going to put up some really fast times,” Kornfeld said. “We’re pretty confident with our team right now,and we want to use that momentum to hopefully make a lot of noise this weekend.” Contact Kenan Jiang at email@example.com and Christian L. Tom at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Of course, Lindstrom and Hanrahan aren’t the best relief pitchers America has to offer. Instead, two of our nation’s best relievers, Joe Nathan and B.J. Ryan, pulled out of the tournament for fear of injury. The case of Albert Pujols is even more egregious. The Domincan Republic had the potential to boast a lineup that included Pujols, Alex Rodriguez, Hanley Ramirez and David Ortiz.That may actually have been worth watching. Pujols, however, cannot find an insurance company to cover his participation in the tournament because of a nagging elbow injury, so he will not be playing. This is supposed to be a display of the greatest baseball players in the world and that is what keeps arguably the best player in the last half-decade from participating? In addition, players like Mariano Rivera won’t be playing for Panama, nor will Johan Santana take the
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particularly outstanding teachers, but for now it’s a red herring.) There are several arguments against this.The first is likely to come from conservative think tanks or from those who have never set foot in a classroom and think all teachers have easy lives with free summers spent frolicking with bunnies, and therefore deserve their low salaries. For example, if you Google “teacher pay”, the second link is an article from our very own Hoover Institution arguing that teacher pay is actually commensurate with other professions when adjusted for the short-
er work year and a few other factors. This conflicts with the data I presented above, and I would like to see their calculation of an average professional’s salary. But even if we assume their figures are correct, they are missing a fundamental point: The question is not whether, when calculated on an hourly basis, a teacher is making roughly the same as the actuary next door. The question is, what do we need to pay to get really good teachers into the classroom? This leads to the second and more important objection: that the money simply isn’t there to double teachers’ salaries. For example, K-12 education is already 30.2 percent of California’s 2008-2009 budget. One approach to mitigate the cost increase would be to implement
the pay raises in “concentric circles.” The innermost circle would be the neediest schools, and the salary changes would move outward to more affluent school districts. The best public schools are highly desirable to teach in, and would not require as much of an increase to keep really good teachers there. In fact, it might even be better to have more desirable schools pay somewhat less, to prevent them from continuously drawing the best teachers from more difficult environs. But eventually, we are going to have to cough up more money to put our best in the classroom in front of our kids. It’s a crying shame we haven’t yet. David Goldbrenner can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
hill for Venezuela. It is also difficult for an American audience to embrace the baseball of the WBC. The inaugural championship game in 2006 was played between Japan and Cuba, which meant that only a handful of players on the field were recognizable to the American audience. In addition, because of the fear of injury, pitchers are limited in how many pitches they can throw, which completely alters conventional baseball strategy. When Jake Peavy takes the hill in the United States’ opening game against Canada, he is required to exit the game after just 65 pitches. He will be lucky if he pitches three innings. How can one discern which team is best if players’ abilities are being limited? One additional problem with the way the tournament is set up is the way in which players are permitted to play for multiple countries. Nineteen of the members of the Italian team were born in the United States. It seems as if all you need is a name ending in a vowel, and you can play for Italy. This is, of course, a larger mani-
festation of the controversy surrounding Alex Rodriguez playing for the Dominican Republic. Rodriguez is the only member of Team Dominicana to be born in the United States — although he did spend some of his youth in the Dominican Republic — and he of course played for the U.S. in the previous WBC. Allowing a player to choose what country he identifies with, so long as he has some heritage in that country, seems to undermine the goal of finding out which country breeds the best baseball talent. If a player grows up in the U.S., is trained by American coaches and has played on American fields, he is an American baseball player, period. Until these problems are reconciled, all the WBC will be is a sideshow that delays the beginning of the MLB season and detracts from team unity during Spring Training. Dan Bohm needs a name change so he can play for the Italian baseball team. Send him your suggestions at email@example.com.
Continued from page 4
Klahn at No. 2 and Clayton at No. 1. After Wire lost at No. 5, the match came down to Bruch’s match at No. 4. After winning the first set 6-4 and dropping the second 6-7, Bruch won the last set in a tiebreak, 7-6, to clinch the team’s second victory of the weekend. On Monday, the Cardinal took on BYU in a make-up match that was postponed by rain last month. The elements were not ideal for tennis, with a long delay to dry out the courts and cold, whipping winds. The teams played only the
singles matches, but the Card rolled right through with a sweep, 6-0. Five out of the six singles players won in straight sets. The Cardinal will play Santa Clara today in a non-conference match, weather permitting. The Broncos are 2-2 on the season and Stanford owns a 5-0 all-time record against them. The team will then travel to the Pacific Coast doubles tournament this weekend in La Jolla, Calif., where the team will earn more work in doubles play. Stanford’s doubles play has been solid as of late, but there is always room to improve in an integral part of the dual match. Contact Danny Belch at dbelch1@ stanford.edu.
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to town in search of their first Pac10 win. Boasting a dominant 1-2 punch at the top of their lineup, Washington looked for a quick start to the match. However, the Huskies would not get the win against the Card. Stanford won the doubles points with an 8-0 win by Barte and Burdette and an 8-4 win by Nguyen and McVeigh. Stanford clinched the match with five wins in singles, including two by Li and Clayton, who are bouncing back from their struggles late last month. “Freshman year is an adjustment period and hopefully they’re adjusting out of that,” Barte said. “They did a really good job over the weekend, and we fed off of it.” Burdette also picked up a defining win over No. 61 Denise Dy at No. 2 by a 6-7 (4), 6-3 (10-7) margin. Entering the match, Dy was 9-1 in dual singles matches. “I think Lindsay’s doing awesome,” Barte said. “I’m so proud and happy for her. I’m excited to be playing next to her, also. I’m looking forward to seeing what she can do in the future.” Stanford was denied the sweep when Barte dropped a hard-fought match to No. 53 Venise Chan 6-3, 46 (10-7). “She played pretty well — definitely deserved it,” Barte said of her opponent. “I had my chances and it could have gone either way a few points here and there.You can’t win them all, but it was a good match.” Stanford will now host No. 3 California next weekend on the Farm. Last year, in their first meeting, the Golden Bears stunned the Cardinal, 6-1. Stanford would later avenge the loss with a 5-2 victory at home. However, Cal would have the last point as the runner-up to the NCAA Championship. “They’re obviously really tough,” Barte said of Cal.“It’s going to be a close match. As long as each of us takes care of our own court, hopefully we’ll come out on top.” Despite the long-term rivalry, Barte does not put any more weight onto the match than usual. “They’re just like any other opponent, just another match,” Barte said. “It just happens to be Cal.” Contact Anthony Nguyen at firstname.lastname@example.org.
6 N Wednesday, March 4, 2009
The Stanford Daily
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terms, recalling the 300,000 civilians buried in mass graves during Saddam Hussein’s rule. She also questioned the morality of letting Iraqis starve under economic sanctions. “How can you say you cared about human rights, and you let Saddam Hussein stay in power, putting his people in mass graves, using weapons of mass destruction against his own people and his own neighbors?” she asked. She did draw distinctions between Iraq and Darfur, however, in explaining the Bush administration’s decision to forego military action in Darfur. Rice cited America’s history of war with Iraq to explain this decision, and noted that Darfur’s situation was more complex because of the involvement of rebels and ethnic conflict. Rice isn’t fazed by students who disagree with her political actions and opinions, however, and hopes that they both recognize her history of affiliation with the University and welcome differing opinions. “I would just say know your facts, and try to actually look at the circumstances that produced certain decisions,” she said. “It’s interesting that some of the very polices that are being protested have now produced circumstances in Afghanistan or in Iraq that people can protest,” Rice added. “If somebody had protested in Iraq under Saddam Hussein, if somebody had thrown a shoe at a visiting leader under Saddam Hussein, I don’t think they would have survived.” The former Secretary of State also said she was open to discussing these issues with students, including her critics, as long as the engagement was respectful. She said that she previously enjoyed visiting dorms as a professor and as provost, and hopes to continue the practice. “I think we have to have in democratic circumstances respectful engagement,” Rice said. “It should not be confrontational. It doesn’t help anybody to have confrontation, but I’m willing to talk about the decisions that we made and the difficulty of those decisions under the circumstances.” When not around the discussion table, “You will see me at sports, definitely,” Rice added. Students, however, will not see her in the classroom right away, as Rice plans to focus on writing her memoirs. Rice said that she would resume teaching undergraduate classes as
MASARU OKA/The Stanford Daily
Condoleeza Rice has always been a huge sports fan, and she decorated her office with signed footballs, helmets and other memorabilia. She intends to attend Stanford sporting events, though she is holding off on teaching for a year.
early as the next academic year, most likely by winter quarter. While she was unsure of her projected course content, she explained that she looked forward to teaching through decision simulations, much as she did in the past. Rice said she fully believed that through her teaching, she could step back and teach in an analytical way that isn’t biased. “I won’t say that I won’t have strong views about what we did — obviously I was a part of [it] — but I think that it will be good for people to have a chance to engage in some of these very controversial issues,” she said. “The only thing I would ask is that in a democracy, it’s important that you engage really respecting still the integrity of the people and not question their motives.” She added that she was not personally hurt by criticisms of those who feel her image was compromised by her time in Washington, and that the nature of universities was to debate controversial issues. “I know that people hold strong views, but I also think that it’s very important that universities not fall into a pattern of only one political line of thought,” Rice said. “It’s important that people are heard from across the spectrum.” For now, Rice has no plans to leave Stanford, and she denied speculation that a run for president is in her future with a laugh. “I can’t predict the future, but I don’t have any plans to do more than I’m doing now,” she said. “I’m a terrible long-term planner — I always have said that.” Contact Andrea Fuller at anfuller@ stanford.edu and Kamil Dada at email@example.com.
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could do a better job. “There is a significant amount of bureaucracy,” Kam said. “For example, when the Senate chair [Shelley Gao ‘11] didn’t allow the reporters into that one meeting. There’s a lot of reform that needs to go into making the Senate appear as more than
a dysfunctional body. In general, there’s an image that the Senate doesn’t do all that much.” The slumping economy has also played a significant role in inspiring candidates to run for elected office. For Shinjini Kundu ‘11, the difficulties that students are facing to pay tuition bills has inspired her Senate run. “It’s becoming really hard during the economy for people to pay,” Kundu said. “I want to find a common intersection between interests
of students, parents and the University.” “The budget cuts and economic situation have highlighted the importance of the ASSU in making decisions regarding resource allocation,” Tan added. “When student government might actually impact the lives of students, that’s when you get more awareness and more candidates.” Contact Matt Serna at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Energy indicate that in 2007, 8.5 billion tons were actually burned — 500 million tons more than the worstcase scenario. This unexpected bump in carbon emissions is due primarily to the prodigious use of coal in developing nations like China. However, Field pointed out that even though China is now the worst emitter of greenhouse gases, it is also the most populous nation in the world, while the United States burns four times more fuel per capita. The next step for the scientific community is to better understand the consequences of this increased pace of emissions. The task of discerning global warming’s total effects is difficult, as many different environmental systems are affected, and current computer models are not sophisticated enough to project their interactions. However, scientists do understand how some of the world’s environmental systems, like oceans and forests, might be affected individually by an increased pace of warming. The earth has some natural ways of reducing carbon dioxide levels, called carbon sinks. The oceans work as sinks as they absorb CO2 from the atmosphere, and forests work as sinks through photosynthesis. However, the amount of CO2 these carbon sinks can absorb from the atmosphere is limited, and global warming may create some maladaptive feedback loops that hasten their ineffectiveness. Recent studies show that higher surface winds cause the oceans to absorb less CO2, which in turn leads to increased warming and still higher winds. Tropical forests are normally under little threat to burn, but increased warming may dry out these areas to the point where fires could start more easily, release carbon back into the atmosphere, and perpetuate
the cycle. Field explained that forest fires in places like the United States are also affected by global warming. “There is strong evidence that warming is a very strong inducer of fires in the mid-latitudes,” Field said. In the United States, there were four times as many forest fires in the last decade than from 1979 to 1989. Rising sea levels are another cited result of global warming that could lead to devastating consequences. Previous estimates pegged the sea level rise at one or two feet for the remainder of this century. Stanford climatologist Stephen Schneider, also on the IPCC, said that the seas may actually rise to twice that level, about a meter, and that such an increase would mean a lot more than just “getting your feet wet.” Schneider explained that any increase in sea level changes affects the way storms play out on the coasts. A seemingly small increase in sea level can drastically change the coastline in low-lying areas, allowing for storm surges to impact cities with more force. Increased flooding, widespread species extinction, water supply problems and more deaths from heat waves and droughts are all cited as risks of a quickening pace for global warming. Fields pointed out that we need to see aggressive action taken in the next few years to stabilize global temperatures. And by aggressive action, he is not talking about buying a Prius. “At this point, the most important thing that average citizens can do is to actively encourage their elected officials (from the city council to the President) to make climate a priority and to enact legislation that moves us off of fossil fuels and onto renewables, efficiency and conservation,” Field said. “Lifestyle and consumption choices make a difference, but at this point, we really need the framework.” Contact Casey Lindberg at clindber@ gmail.com.
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ties have already been made clear to Provost John Etchemendy, Harris said the active student concern for community centers should be channeled into a resolution. Ilves and Senator Stuart Baimel ‘09, also a Daily columnist, preferred to table the bill for next week and vote on all the similar budget resolutions at the same time. Both, though, supported the main idea behind the community center resolution. Following discussion, the resolution passed 10-0 with two senators absent. On previous notice for next week are resolutions covering the remaining three priorities originally established, along with bills for sustainability and the arts. At last night’s meeting, Lauren Finzer ‘09, co-president of Students for a Sustainable Stanford presented a sustainability bill to the Senate, which called the University to set a concrete goal for reduction of emissions. The Senate also heard a presentation from Charlie Syms ‘11, who proposed creating a queer studies track through the feminist studies program. Citing the current related course offerings and the existing structure already in place, Syms said the track would not cost a substantial amount of money. “Historically at Stanford, cultural studies has come from student pressure,” he said. “The only way that queer studies will come is through students saying, ‘We want this.’” The Senate was receptive to the idea and various senators volunteered to help draft a resolution. Contact Marisa Landicho at email@example.com.