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Linguistic Society of America

Indo-European ozdos, Greek ὄζος, Germanic asts, etc. Author(s): Maurice Bloomfield Reviewed work(s): Source: Language, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Dec., 1927), pp. 213-214 Published by: Linguistic Society of America Stable URL: . Accessed: 29/12/2011 05:18
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Both *nizdo213 .' The words sarisrpdm and patdyati occur also in connection at AV 19.4. the RV has patayintip 'flying' which reflects patcidyantam TB has The stanza below. yds te hdnti patdyantah nifatsnz•rh jdt&rhyds te jighdisati tdm it6 ndgaydmasi. If we had in addition to these three a fourth congener 'lying'. 'nestling'.3 (MG 2. the natural contrast between the two implies the rendering 'hopping' rather than 'creeping' for the intensive sarisypd. The fonetics of the latter are perfectly well understood. the meaning not at all. but is an imitative congener of the pair sthasnu (sthad~u. where the various postures and movements of the embryo in the womb are compared with the actions of a bird in the nest: ydh sarisrpdm. For *ozdosdoes not mean 'appendage'. as well as other combinations of ni+sad (y6dnz ta indra nifdde akari. reflects nidd 'nest'. as is usually said. the lazy*fayif~nu chain would be complete: 'Don't walk. IE ni-zd-o. RV 10. owe its rare suffix snu to a combination of the final s of sadas 'seat' with a suffix nu. see A JPh 16.GERMANIC asts. vdyo nd vrkedm d'sadan. however. etc.43. to the word the particular idea of 'nesting'. '(The demon) who seeks to slay thy flying. 'perch'. if you can stand. 'ansatz' but 'place to sit on'.104. just as *nizdos means 'place to sit in'. if you can lie!' To make up for the failure to complete this in the group. RV 1.INDO-EUROPEAN ozdos. or hopping (foetus). sit. With IE ni-zd-o-s 'nest' rimes IE o-zd-o-s 'ast'.'place to sit in'. carin•A tion ni in niZatsnUi adds. or (the child) when born.2). German 'nisten'. GREEK B6os.18. analyzes the idea formally and functionally. if you can sit. In any case nigatsnti. BLOOMFIELD MAURICE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY The Vedic hapax legomenon nigatsnz''sitting in' does not.48. sthadu) 'standing' and carin(t 'walking'. To match preposigamifnu 'going'. It occurs in a charm for the safe delivery of a woman. nesting. stand.417.1).3.162. RV 10. that (demon) do we drive out from here.

Stokes. reads udga which he glosses by gQkha 'branch'. Neither ddga nor udga is quotable from the literature a second time. 05os. that word seems most likely to be derivable from the IE root segl' 'hang' in Skt.355.19 gakhdydmdsajati (to be sure. e.and *o-zd-o-. ost should not represent IE ozdos rather than IE ozgYos.50. the derived from the root of Xwo meaning would be 'place to hold to'. ZDMG 46. matching both structurally and semantically *o-zg-o.1 For all of these he posits a start-form *ozgyos. Lith. asts.137). Arm. 75. If. Brugmann. segzi 'bind' (see Fick4 1. (Lesbic io0os).which Bartholomae. however.g. asts. suggests that Gr. 19. 6oxn 'branch' is with the preposition o (5).27. saj 'cling'.379n. see.. the expression KIuq. 6pos. posits a word *odbos (Erse odb) for *odgyosor *ozgVos. . the Vedic and Celtic forms should justify IE ozgyos 'branch'. IF.305. He does not explicitly discard IE ozdos but he leaves the reader puzzled as to why Gr. Goth. IF 5. In Sanskrit the combination d + saj is very frequent. identifies with Vedic ddgas. almost idyllic in mood. not in connection with birds). 1 He does not include Armenian ost in his statement. If so. where the comm. In case the formation be prehistoric it would reflect a third parallel *o-zgh-o-. Goth. 6sxos.214 MAURICEBLOOMFIELD and *ozdo. The meaning of *ozgOos would then be 'place to cling to'. as well as Gr. in Fick's VergleichendesWoerterbuch4 2..owe their being to sympathetic observation of bird life.3. It occurs in obscure connection AV 1. Vedic ddga (Middle Persian azg according to Bartholomae) does not rest upon a very firm foundation.