You are on page 1of 23

Creating Info Area

STEP 1 After logging on to the BI System, run transaction RSA1, or double-click the Administrator work bench. (Use TRAN CODE: RSA1OLD for BW3.5 AWB)

STEP 2 In the new window, click Info Provider under Modeling in the left panel, In the right panel, rightclick info Provider and select Create Info

STEP 3 Enter Name and a Description for the Info Area, and then click button to continue

============================================= ========================= Creating Info Object Catalogs
STEP 1 In the new window, click Info Provider under Modeling in the left panel, in the right panel, rightclick Demo Info Area, and Create info object Catalog……

STEP 2

STEP 3 In the new window. make sure that the option Key figure is selected. If it is valid. . click to check the Info Object Catalog.Enter a Name and a Description fro the Info Object Catalog. click to activate the Info Object Catalog. Once the activation process is finished. the status message Info Object Catalog DEMO_IOC_CH activated appears at the bottom of the screen STEP 4 Following same procedure.. select the option Char. This time. we create an Info Object Catalog to hold Key figures. and then Click to create the Info Object Catalog.

STEP 4 Enter an attribute name ‘MATNM_IO’ and then click to create the attribute. NOTE: Notice that MATM_IO is underlined and works like an hyperlink. enter ‘15‘ for the field Length. After MATM_IO is created.CHAR’ and then select ‘Create Info Object’ STEP 2 Enter a name and Description.Creating Info Objects: Characteristics STEP 1 Goto T-Code ‘RSA1′ (AWB) and search for the InfoArea ‘Demo Info Area’ we created in Part 1 Right Click ‘Demo: Info Object Catalog. STEP 3 Select ‘CHAR’ as the Data Type. and then Click to Continue. and then click the tab ‘Attributes‘. when you click ‘MATM_IO‘ hyperlink and it will lead you to MATM_IO’s detail .

STEP 6 Select ‘CHAR‘ as the Data Type. Click to continue.definition window. Notice that the option ‘Attribute Only‘ is selected by default. and then enter ’30′ for the field Length. Selecting ‘Attribute Only’ allows you to select Lower case Letters. If the option Lowercase . the attribute MATNM_IO can be used only as Display Attribute. Note: If ‘Attribute Only’ is selected. not as a navigational attribute. STEP 5 Select the option ‘Create Attribute As Characteristic‘ and then click to continue.

STEP 8 A Window is displayed asking whether you want to activate dependent Info Objects. the attribute can accept lowercase letters in data to be loaded. click to activate the characteristic.letters is selected. Click to activate MAT_IO and MATNM_IO . In our example.if it is valid. the dependent Info Object is MATM_IO. STEP 7 Click to check the characateristic.

BW Prefixes ‘/BI0/‘ to the names of database objects of Business content Objects. The name of the master data table is /BIC/PMAT_IO.RESULT: You have created the characteristic MAT_IO and its attribute MATNM_IO. A status message ‘All Info Objects activated’ will appear at the bottom of STEP 7 screens. such as tables. Activating the Info Object will create the relevant database objects. Note: Saving an Info Object means saving it’s properties. You have not yet created its physical database objects. ********************************************************************* ************ Creating Info Objects: Key Figures STEP 1 Goto T-Code ‘RSA1′ (AWB) and search for the InfoArea ‘Demo Info Area’ we created in Part 1 Right ‘Click Demo: Info Object Catalog. After activating the MAT_IO. Notice of the prefix ‘/BIC/‘in the database object names.Key Figures’ and then select ‘Create Info Object‘ STEP 2 Enter a name and Description. and it prefixes ‘/BIC/‘ to the name names of database objects of customer-created BW Objects. and then Click to Continue. and the name of the text table is /BIC/TMAT_IO. . or meta-data. the names of the newly created master data table and text table are displayed under the Master data/texts tab.

and then click to check the Key Figure. Repeat the preceding steps to create other Key Figures listed below. to RESULT: You have created the Key Figure PRC_IO a status message All Info Object(s) activated will appear at the bottom of the STEP screen. select USD as the Fixed Currency in the block Currnecy/unitOf Measure.STEP 3 Select AMOUNT in the block Type/data type. Then click the tab ‘attributes‘. click activate the key figure. Data Type . Key Figure Name Currency/Unit of Measure Fixed Currency: USD PRC_IO Amount Unit/Currency : QUAN_IO Quantity 0UNIT REV_IO Amount Fixed Currency: USD These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages. If it is valid.

We are building a Standard Info cube. In the Right Panel. Right-click ‘Demo Info Area‘ that we created in earlier exercise and then select ‘Create Info Cube‘ STEP2 Enter name and a Description. the data resides in the source system. A Standard Cube has a fact table and associated dimension tables. instead. .BPS. extracted data will be shown as Query result. select the option ‘Standard Info Cube’ in block Info Provider Type. and then click to create the Info Cube Note: An Info cube can be Standard Info Cube. A Real time Cube is a Transactional Info cube with Write & Read access used in SEM. Real or Virtual Info Provider. A Virtual Info Provider does not contain data. and it contains the data. Whenever query executed on the Virtual Info Provider data will be extracted from the source system on that time.STEP 1 Select ‘Info Providers‘ under ‘Modeling’ tab in the left Panel.

Context Menu (Right.Click) Click on ‘Create New Dimensions’ STEP 4 Enter the Material as the Description for the New Dimension and Click to continue. with the creation of an Info Cube. Enter the Description in Edit Dimensions Screen. NOTE: At least one Customer defined Dimension is created i. in the right most panel.e. Please repeat same procedure to create the other new dimensions. Change the DESC to Customer by Selecting the Dimension 1.STEP 3: Select the Dimension folder. Context Menu (Right-Click) Click on ‘Properties’. Dimension 1. STEP 5 Select Customer Dimension -> Context Menu (Right Click) ->InfoObject Direct Input ..

Following procedure will introduce you alternative procedure to assign the Info Objects (CHAR & KF). Click . STEP 7 Key figures can also be assigned using InfoObject Direct Input. Go to Template Panel area click Click to open select InfoObject Catalog Screen.STEP 6 Enter the Info Object name CUST_IO to assign the CHAR to Customer Dimension and click to continue Please repeat the same procedure to assign the all CHAR to corresponding Dimensions. to continue to find & select the ‘DEMO_IOC_KF’ catalog.

we have to keep in mind that from data integrity and load performance point of view. click RESULT to check the Info Cube. Click to activate the Info Cube. Also. Now in this post. A status message ‘Info cube DEMO_IC activated’ will appear at the bottom of screen STEP 8 In Part 2 of step by step SAP BI 7 series we learned how to create InfoObjects / Characteristics.Drag the Key figures one by one from Template Area and drop Under Key figures folder in the Info Cube area to assign the Key Figures to the Info Cube STEP 8 Next. You have created the Info Cube DEMO_IC. we have to load the MasterData before loading the transactional data into InfoCubes or DSOs. we will see how to load data into the MasterData InfoObjects. if it is Valid. .

Context Menu (right-Click) on sources systems and select ‘Create’. to STEP 1.In the right panel. and then click continue.B Select the File System (Manual Metadata. Status message ‘Source system SS_DEMOFF creation successful finished’ will appear at the bottom of screen as shown below.A Select SOURCE SYSTEM under ‘Modelling’(T-code:RSA1). In this post we will discuss about how to load data from a flatfile. STEP 1.We know that BW is a Datawarehouse system and data will be loaded into BW from many sources like SAP R/3. to create the source Result: The flatfile source system will be created. STEP 1. other Databases and flatfiles. Data using File Interface) option. and then click system.C Enter Logical Name & Description for the source system. .

Select ‘Create Application component’….A Select the Data source under Modelling in the left panel. STEP 2. we will create the application component under our source system SS_DEMOFF. Next. STEP 2. In the right panel click to choose source system from Drop down Menu & select the SS_DEMOFF source system. In the Right Panel right click on Data sources for SS_DEMOFF DEMO SS – Flat File. Data Sources & Info Packages are organized using a tree structure called Application components..C .STEP 2: Creating Application Component In BW.

Enter a name and a Description for the application component.B Enter the name for Data source & select the ‘Master Data Attributes’ from Data Type Data source. RESULT: The application component has been created. STEP 3. and then click to continue. unlike the naming system used for other BW Objects. STEP 3 Creating Data Source for characteristic Data Before you transfer data from a file source system. select ‘Create data source’…. . Select Data source under Modelling in left panel. Right click on ‘Application ComponentDemo’. NOTE: BW adds a Prefix of “Z “to the technical names of application components. the metadata (the file and field information) must be available in BI in the form of a Data Source.

In our example. Fields and Preview Tabs. Select ‘Separated with separator (For example.D Click on Extraction Tab. The file contains the data about Material attributes. Extraction. . Proposal. Long Description STEP 3.In right panel Creation of Data source screen will be displayed with General. Make the corresponding setting in the tabs for loading the data. it is recommended that you place data files in application server computers.’ as Data Separator NOTE: The data file can reside on a front-end computer ( or client workstation as it is called here) or one of the application servers in the SAP Basis three-tier architecture. MAT_ATTR. Medium.CSV resides in our front-end computer. STEP 3. Select options as shown in the screen.C Under General Tab Select potions as shown in the screen. Enter the file name with path. Enter ‘. Enter Short. For better loading performance. CSV) in Data Format.

All fields are selected by Default. define the field list on the Fields tab page. For files in different formats.STEP 3. b) The data is displayed in the upper area of the tab page in the format of your file. .E Proposal Tab: This tab page is only relevant for CSV files. Select ‘Create Info Package’…. After successful activation. Use Copy to Filed List to select the fields you want to copy to the filed list of the Data source. Data is distributed within the BI system with the data transfer process. Under Preview Tab clicks on Read Preview Data to see the Preview of the data that to be loaded to into Info Provider with selected no of records. Click to activate the Data source. d) In the table of proposed fields. c) The system displays the proposal for the filed in the lower area of the tab page. e) Change the Format to the internal format if External format is selected by default. The Info Package loads into the PSA only. Only the parameters that are not already defined in the Data Source are defined on the tabs of the Info Package maintenance. STEP 4 Creation of Info Package. a) Specify the number of data records that you want to load and choose Upload Sample Data. In Left Panel Select the Data source under Modelling. Right Click on ‘Attributes for Material’ Data Source under Application Component – Demo. In right panel.. Here you create a proposal for the field list of the Data Source based on the sample data from your CSV file.

under Character is Info Provider Check box. . and then click to load data. click to to activate the Info Object . STEP 5 Before loading to Master data to the CHAR Info object. select the option start immediately. right click on MAT_IO Char Info Object then select Change Enter Info Area name DEMO_IA. by assigning the Info Area to the CHAR info object definition screen. (See the below Screen for details) . In left panel. click to Continue.Enter Description for Info Package. Click the schedule tab. we should convert the CHAR to Info Provider. Select Info objects under modelling.

Select Create Transformation… . STEP 6 Create transformation In Left Panel.You can see the MAT_IO is shown under DEMO_IA Info Area in Info Providers under Modelling. Right Click on Material Number (Attribute) under Material Number (MAT_IO) Char Info Object in right panel. select Info Provider under Modelling.

You can use this transformation as it is. The system proposes a transformation. or modify it to suit your requirements. To the left of the screen. To show the target as well. choose Switch Detail View On/Off. you see the source. you see the rule group. Enter name of the data source MAT_IO_ATTR_DS created previously with the Source System name.Enter Object Type as Data Source. Click to continue. . to the right of the screen.

STEP 7 Creating Data transfer Process STEP 7.A In left Panel select Info Provider under Modelling. Click to continue. RESULT: The transformation is created with the corresponding data transfer process.Click to activate the transformation. . Double-Click on Data Transfer Process under Material Number (Attribute) in the right panel.

C Go to Execute tab click to execute the Data Transfer Process. STEP 7. Press YES to Continue. Monitor will be displayed with loading status. Everything Green means Data is loaded successfully.B Under Extraction tab. STEP 7.D .STEP 7. Change Extraction mode to ‘FULL’ Click to activate the DTP.

E We can check the data in Info provider by clicking the manage button in the monitor .STEP 7.