JUDO

Judo (柔道 jūdō?, meaning "gentle way") is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano (嘉納治五郎). Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke. Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defenses are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata(型)) and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice (randori(乱取 り). The philosophy and subsequent pedagogy developed for judo became the model for other modern Japanese martial arts that developed from koryū (古流?, traditional schools). The worldwide spread of judo has led to the development of a number of offshoots such as Sambo and Brazilian jiujitsu. Judo practitioners are called judoka. JUDO'S HISTORY The origin of Japan's martial arts is vague, and what we know of it, is more legend than truth. However, the takenouchi-ryu martial art system founded in 1532 is considered the beginning of Japan'sjujitsu forms. The system's founder taught jujitsu in a structured and methodical manner. For the next several hundred years, the martial arts were refined by Samurai who made a lifetime study of some twenty or thirty martial arts. Of these arts only one was based on weaponless self defense -- jujitsu. By the mid-1800's more than 700 different jujitsu systems existed. The most popular were takenouchi-ryu, jikishin-ryu, kyushinryu, yoshin-ryu, mirua-ryu, sekiguchi-ryu, kito-ryu, and tenshin-shinyo-ryu; the last two were instrumental in Judo's development. It was during this time that Japanese politics disintegrated into disarray. Commodore Perry's visit to Japan in the mid-1850's also changed Japanese civilization by opening up a new world to them. In 1868 Imperial rule was restored (Meiji Restoration) and the decline of the Samurai class started along with a rapid decline in all martial arts. Although the government did not officially ban the martial arts, people were not encouraged to learn or practice them since the state was considered more important than the individual. Jujitsu literally fell into disuse. What was once the glory of the samurai was now looked down on and many well established jujitsu schools began to disappear. If the budo concept was to survive the Meiji Restoration, it had to change and become a tool to cultivate an individual and make him a better person for the good of all. As a result budo found a home in physical education and sport. Sport provided teamwork which was good for all and also developed the individual. It was a completephysical education; not just a game. Although self defense techniques were included in the training, emphasis was on using the techniques in a holistic manner. Dr. Jigoro Kano is credited with jujitsu's survival of the Meiji Restoration. He took jujitsu and adapted it to the times. His new methodology was called Judo. In 1882, Dr. Jigoro Kano (The Father of Judo) made a comprehensive study of these ancient self defense forms and integrated the best of these forms into a sport which is known as Kodokan Judo. Judo is a fascinating Olympic sport. More than that, it is an art form. It is now practised in almost every country of the world . What follows is a brief history of the development of what is now a modern Olympic Sport.

Sweeping Hip Throw Koshi Guruma .Spring Hip Throw Harai Goshi . Judo is however much more than a sport. Kano remained briefly with master Iso before finishing his pupillage with master Ilkubo.Floating Hip Throw Ushiro Goshi .Two Hand Reap Morote Seoi Nage .Major Hip Throw Sode Tsurikomi Goshi . Judo was developed in Japan by Dr Jigoro Kano towards the end of the 19th century and has evolved from being a martial art into one of the world’s most popular sports.Floating Drop Yama Arashi .Judo Hand Techniques               Ippon Seoi Nage . it is also seen to be effective as an educational system in both physical and moral spheres.Judo Throwing Techniques Te Waza . At the age of 18 Kano studied the ju-jutsu of the Tenshin Shinyo Ryu under Fukudo and Iso. Apart from being the founder of judo.Body Drop Uchi Mata Sukashi . Since its inclusion in th e 1964 Olympic Games judo has progressed rapidly and is without doubt the world’s most popular combat sport.Rear Throw . Although they were willing to teach the skills handed down to them over many generations. JUDO THROWING AND GRAPPLING TECHNIQUES Nage Waza .One Hand Reversal Kouchi Gaeshi .Inner Thigh Void Throw Uki Otoshi . When Kano began his study of ju-jutsu as a young man.Professor Jigoro Kano 1860-1938 The founder of Judo Jigoro Kano was born in 1860.Shoulder Wheel Kibisu Gaeshi . there was little interest among people of the succeeding generation.Sleeve Lifting & Pulling Hip Throw Tsuri Goshi . Kano was a leading educationalist and a prominent figure in the Japanese Olympic movement.Scoop Throw Sumi Otoshi .Belt Drop Sukui Nage .Lifting & Pulling Hip Throw Uki Goshi . additionally the demise of the samurai (warrior) class had reduced the need for instruction.Corner Drop Tai Otoshi .Minor Inner Reap Reversal Kuchiki Taoshi .High Lift Hane Goshi . both instructors at the prestigious Komu Sho.Hip Wheel O Goshi .Mountain Storm Koshi Waza . Following the death of Fukuda.Lifting Hip Throw Tsurikomi Goshi .Judo Hip Techniques           Daki Age . he graduated with a degree in literature from Tokyo Imperial University in 1881 and took a further degree in philosophy the following year.Two Hand Shoulder Throw Obi Otoshi . the ju-jutsu masters of the martial arts were struggling to earn a living.One Hand Shoulder Throw Kata Guruma .Single Leg Takedown Morote Gari .

Outer Wrap Around Sumi Gaeshi .Corner Reversal Tani Otoshi .Valley Drop Tawara Gaeshi .Springing Wrap Around Harai Makikomi .Judo Foot Techniques                      Ashi Guruma .Major Inner Reaping Counter Ouchi Gari .Lifting Pulling Ankle Throw Tsubame Gaeshi .Lift Pull Foot Sweep Hiza Guruma .Hip Sweep Wrap Around Hikikomi Gaeshi .Knee Wheel Kosoto Gake .Inner Thigh Throw Counter Sutemi Waza .Hip Shift Throw Ashi Waza .Major Outer Drop Ouchi Gaeshi .Side Wheel Yoko Otoshi .Spring Hip Counter Harai Goshi Gaeshi .Floating Drop Ura Nage .Minor Outside Reaping Throw Kouchi Gari .Pull-In Reversal Osoto Makikomi . Utsuri Goshi .Major Outside Reaping Throw Osoto Guruma .Leg Wheel Deashi Harai .High Separation Hane Makikomi .Front Foot Sweep Hane Goshi Gaeshi .Circle Throw Uchi Makikomi .Inner Thigh Wrap Around Uki Waza .Sliding or Following Foot Sweep Osoto Gaeshi .Side Hook Yoko Guruma .Swallow Counter Uchi Mata .Large Wheel Okuri Ashi Harai .Inner Thigh Throw Uchi Mata Gaeshi .Rear Throw Yoko Gake .Minor Outer Hook Kosoto Gari .Major Outside Wrap Around Soto Makikomi .Major Outside Reaping Counter Osoto Gari .Major Inner Reaping Throw Sasae Tsurikomi Ashi .Inner Wrap Around Uchi Mata Makikomi .Rice Bag Reversal Throw Tomoe Nage .Minor Inner Reaping Throw O Guruma .Judo Sacrifice Techniques                   Daki Wakare .Side Separation .Major Outer Wheel Osoto Otoshi .Hip Sweep Counter Harai Tsurikomi Ashi .Side Drop Yoko Wakare .

Top Four Corner Hold Kata Gatame .Judo Choking Techniques             Do Jime .Shoulder Hold Kesa Gatame .Bent Arm Lock Ude Hishigi Ashi Gatame .Rear Naked Choke Kata Ha Jime .Reverse Cross Choke Hadaka Jime .Triangle Lock Ude Hishigi Te Gatame .Two Handed Choke Sankaku Jime .Knee Arm Bar Ude Hishigi Juji Gatame .Judo Pinning Techniques        Kami Shiho Gatame .Judo Grappling Techniques Osae Waza .Leg Lock Ude Garami .Cross Arm Bar Ude Hishigi Sankaku Gatame .Scarf Hold Kuzure Kesa Gatame .Triangle Choke Sode Guruma Jime .Broken Top Four Corner Hold Tate Shiho Gatame .Katame Waza .Broken Scarf Hold Kuzure Kami Shiho Gatame .Vertical Four Corner Hold Yoko Shiho Gatame .Side Four Corner Hold Shime Waza .Stomach Arm Bar Ude Hishigi Hiza Gatame .Hand Lock Ude Hishigi Ude Gatame .Straight Arm Lock Ude Hishigi Waki Gatame .Thrust Choke Kansetsu Waza .Trunk Lock Gyaku Juji Jime .Single Hand Choke Nami Juji Jime .Sleeve Wheel Choke Tsukkomi Jime .Sliding Lapel Choke Ryo Te Jime .Armpit Lock .Normal Cross Choke Okuri Eri Jime .Judo Joint Lock Techniques           Ashi Garami .Half Cross Choke Kata Te Jime .Single Wing Choke Kata Juji Jime .Leg Arm Bar Ude Hishigi Hara Gatame .

ILLUSTRATIONS Dai-ikkyo (group 1) De-ashiharai Hizaguruma SasaeUki-goshi tsurikomi-ashi Osoto-gari O-goshi Ouchi-gari Seoi-nage Dai-nikyo (group 2) Kosoto-gari Kouchi-gari Koshiguruma Tsurikomigoshi Okuri-ashiharai Tai-otoshi Harai-goshi Uchi-mata Dai-sankyo (group 3) Kosotogake Tsurigoshi Yoko-otoshi HaraiAshi-guruma Hane-goshi tsurikomi.Tomoe-nage ashi Kata-guruma Dai-yonkyo (group 4) Sumi-gaeshi Tani-otoshi Hanemakikomi Sukui-nage Utsuri-goshi O-guruma Soto-makikomi Uki-otoshi .

Dai-gokyo (group 5) Osotoguruma Uki-waza Yoko-wakare Yoko-guruma Ushirogoshi Ura-nage Sumi-otoshi Yoko-gake .

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