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However. It is a calculated and advantageous notion of the human instinct for survival. requires at least two participants of different genders. Whether for fear. And yet we go back to the previous inquiry. as social beings are just conforming to their natural behavior. In fact the most important activity. For it is quite possible that man was been hunted by the predators we have presumed to have feared man. and even yet a single leopard or tiger. Cunning predators are no exception. be blind for he can feel his environment and listen to instructions. For they are free to leave as they were free to come together. Such agony would drive a man to madness and desperation. to be left alone. or for self-gain. More advantageous to the isolated man would be to become deaf for he can signal his thoughts. It has been noted by scholars that man had been a hunter gatherer. But. a pack of wolves? Or a pride of lions. Man has agreed to tolerate each others company for they are weak and depend upon each other in self-defense from his environment. of the plants. it is an arrogant notion. for it is his nature. for centuries and even now. man has been at the mercy of nature and of its forces. say. It is only natural for him to express longing and demand the company of his fellow men. For what chance does a single man have against. The natural instinct to congregate together and form packs or groups is one the main driving forces for their association. a master of his environment. For when all communication is cut off from a single person. By that. it would be on the contrary. They. of nature. protection. But with this. Man needs contact from another man. And with that one of the most destructive inflictions to a man is isolation. of the birds and the bees. so they travel . is it by fate or random circumstance that man has come together to form associations? It would seem that it be only natural and the answer would be in the positive. for even in death men wish for it. it is not the whole story. there are no worse or more hurtful inflictions to a person than isolation.The Formation of Government • The Nature of Man It seems as though by mere fate or random circumstance people have come to congregate among each others presence. with regards to survival of the species. But it is also because of necessity and man’s weakness. Let us say man is social. but mostly because they have come to understand that there is power in numbers. no one would wish a similar fate. almost everything they do significant involves some other person. They define the word social beings. he would surely favor death. to be with members of their own kind.
Sex. man cannot be as happy when he is not with the people whom he associates with. To simply put it. second only to survival which in itself would also fall under desire. Desires are the prime moving force to make man do the things he does. Reproduction drives living beings against each other in desperate times. And when it comes to a point where it is time to attack a prey or an enemy. an organized group effort will be the key to success. people enjoy the company of others. greater would be the desire to have. with the use of manpower. power. And parallel to reality. Surely the people there are the more work that can be accomplished within the day. for knowledge. he is overrun by them. in order to pass on his genes to the next generation. it is a basic instinct . hence to play the numbers game. beauty. The division of labor is a mutual organized effort of the civil person. That is the goal. he may or may not be totally aware of this but he is afraid of animals to other humans. it would be correct to say that the greatest animalistic desire of man would be to have sex. In order to have sex. For man is a being filled desires. To chase them can be one of the most fulfilling endeavors a man can encounter. man have the desire to pleasure themselves and will hold that it be most enjoyable to pleasure themselves in the company of others. Money. It just makes the task much simpler if you only have to worry about some tasks rather than most work. To be a true man. it is erroneous. Men are naturally inclined to be cunning and plotting to whatever it is that will be to their advantage. Man is fearful for he is weak. there arises courage and bravery to overcome such braces. more is better. For only with others can man experience the greatest joys. For almost all men fear most things. which in itself will already deter would be attackers from hostile thoughts. He fears more than he would ever admit. for prestige to gain access to a large number of women. Truly there is safety in numbers. However. To separate man from other social animals. it is the one of the most basic animalistic desires. you must follow your own dream.together. knowledge are of the most desirables in a man’s life. He wants a life more than just thinking about how to get through the day. A tactical approach is most suitable when you have the pieces to be move. for wealth. While some are said to be rid of desires. whether it be acknowledgement of achievements or simple gatherings of merry-making. Men strive for power. For a group of men surely is a much more intimidating sight than a lone person. For it is easier to divide task among reach other them than for a single person to do all the required work needed for a single day. He must have a purpose. And man having an animalistic side. Man desires more than just survival. their desire drives them to great lengths. It is their desire to experience their greatest joys with other people. Some men only live to fulfill their darkest desires.
But. Violence is never the answer. generous. this would lead to exposing the loopholes and weaknesses to plans. From the smallest of things to the most dire of issues they talk each other down. people push back. So. but for some it is the only way. It can be merely on a low-level that is observable between passersby’s and by standers up to those of the family and intimate partners. It has become a spark to light up a furnace. This discrepancy in thought. With the free flow of ideas. For disagreements opens up discourse. it would not be in the wrong if he forms groups within the community to which he belongs. However. As with societal life. compassionate. hardworking. Due to man’s innate uniqueness and difference. But in this circumstance it causes the people to go against each other for self-advantageous reasons.We may all be naïve and push for the goodness of man. regardless of what his perception of right or wrong is. As different associations interact with each other. as they say when emotions have built up and patience run out it would be an ugly sight. as well as things seem to go. A diverse viewpoint in this case has turned its back against society. This relation can be anything. So in turn the voice of one is concentrated to be heard against a crowd . they form relations with other people. But again man is weak. Inherently with these associations there are implications. In different circumstances it is quite advantageous. In this sense conflict is merely the communication of the divergence of viewpoints. yet this not always the case. Without it one would not be able to think more thoroughly the merits of one’s thoughts. he’s principles are broken and integrity breached. With their innate characteristics they form their own conceptions which lead them to ideas and thoughts that may contradict one another’s own way of thinking. Given all things equal. he favors their accompaniment and identifies himself with them. which more often than not only serves his advantage rather than to his fellow. and they can sure do push hard. Along with his unique characteristics. that man is fundamentally good. respectful and we might think of other good qualities to describe a man. That he thinks for the ware fell of his fellow man. I will say this. kind. this inevitably leads to conflicts. he may find in common with he’s associations characteristics. He gives in to his desires. and assumptions. he would do whatever he think would be right. even though they forsake it in the beginning. ideas. conflict among its unorganized members ensue. that he is honest. talk is cheap. They quarrel and bicker among themselves for each is trying to achieve their heart’s deepest and grandiose desires. interest endorsed by the group’s members also arise. when push comes to shove. When the people have talked the talk it would then be time to walk the walk. things that he favors in common with. there is trouble in paradise. people being social animals. the presence of it rather is not dire. And pleasure to their hearts content they do. to see the darker the side of humanity. And with man’s gregarious tendencies.
That is to give in to desire’s that conflict each other. They just can’t stand it. for insecurity drives them once to form to form together now drives them to organize each other. no. the fire of chaos is sparked from within the group. and only there would be a universal agreement of all parties involved. They start to fear. the weakness of man trigger. which is the members of society. All of the types or system of government are created in their own perfection. and interests of the people? The clash of different ideologies and ideal system of government would never end. The mutual bond to benefit all. A tactical agreement forms between the struggling groups. The conflicts between the groups start erupting out of nowhere. But the question is what kind of government was formed? What type of government will fit the different characteristics. disorder and chaos. it would be insecurity. ideas. It also would also be in the positive for the other groups to not be contended to be in such a position for the sake of advancing their interest. customs and roles for the maintenance for the said order. But. the genius that brought them together comes up with a compromise. Friction naturally occurs since the interest of one that clashed with another is now amplified by the groups that are formed. The different associations struggle for their share in the community and a hierarchy soon follows. Since it is impossible to sustain a stable state in an unorganized setting. one will naturally be under and another over. they form the government as a means to control the violence coming from man’s weaknesses. They are the ones fit to hold dominion over the others. However the success of the suppression of violence will only taste success if only. TYPE OF GOVERNMENT • Federalism And so the government of people was now formed. they fear violence. group that is. Thus. values. society must follow the rules.of advocacies. but this does not mean that you only have to choose one. Based on this agreement. He fears instability which could hinder the advancement of his self. They would surely challenge those at the top. Necessity is the mother of invention. Then just as suddenly they thought there was safety in numbers. The conflicts of desires now instigate a skirmish among the present groups. They form an agreement to lessen the harmful effects of the government. The group that is on top of the pecking order would logically be in power to control the underlying groups. Conflict arises within the depths of society and the early spark of the furnace that is. They organize themselves. the structure of . Then just as that. I would say. With the concept of having something in common they form the idea of an organized government based upon agreed social values and norms as fundamental uniting factors.
In order to exercise democracy. of course they do not have authority to the other states as it is not . There is one constitution that should be followed upon. people lack the knowledge or intelligence to lead. A federal state has its own limitation of exercising powers. Authority and power in every federal state is given among the representatives who are elected by their constituents. The main goal of a federal government is having unity in diversity. This is where the role of aristocrats come in. most of the time. Duties and responsibilities are given to the leaders of the state. But democracy. An autocratic government is ideal when there is chaos. People from every state will choose their representative to the national government. focus and proper governance will be put into. but since they are in union of the national government it is still under the jurisdiction of the central authority even though they are recognized to manage their own state. Like a local government. and solve the conflict in the society. certain qualification (This will be discuss on the last part of this paper) is given in a state leader. and their representatives will elect among them the head of the national government. For a government to serve the differences of their people fairly. a federal system is needed. the voice of many is needed. The governors or representatives of each state are distinguish as local government officials who have their own allocated resources and funds for the state. Flexibility is an important factor of adopting a federal type of government in terms of laws. the people will struggle or fight for freedom from any oppression. Authority and power is important. which power and authority is vested among the chosen leaders of the every state. will turn into its perverted version. Often federalism means decentralization. But when there is too much use of authority or there are abuses of power happening. Federalism is a system of government where power and authority is divided into national and regional government. which is the supreme and highest law of the land. Combining it to other type of government particularly to a parliamentary type will bring forth a sole leader among the states that will create a federal government which will be refrain from the concept of decentralization because there is a leader presented (a central authority) in the national government. the voice of one man is needed to rule. for it is the best way to balance the different beliefs of the people. Total mob rule is wrong.all the governments are formed in accordance to what the people/society need or demand. One state may have different law to the other state. The aristocrats must be the one to hold influence among all. they are still subjected to the power of the chosen leader among the representatives. decide. For they are the one knowledgeable and educated. communityparticipation is necessary for they will elect a leader in their state. each state is given privilege to have their own laws and to exercise a free form of government. In every.
manage their resources well. and even language in a certain place or province (a state) which serves as their identity. • Unicameral Parliamentary System . A state can manage their resources well. one of the important characteristics of an ideal government is shown in a federal system. The prime duties of the national government are: protection. Their local government could surely see these needs and could respond to it faster and more easily. international representation. Another thing is that each state has its own identity. Transparency. having their own standard of running their state which will suit to the type of service they will bring to their people. the constitution. maintain peace and order in his/her jurisdiction and do their very best to serve the people. one may establish on how will they develop their territory base on the natural resources of their place. number of residents. The prime duty of every representative are: to be the voice of his or her constituents to the national government. For example. The federal state would use their resources well in order for them to benefit from it. managing foreign policy. But of course. including man power. and other issues concerning the whole federal state. The central/national government could focus on larger issues which involves the whole federal state. those laws created in every state must also be in accordance with the constitution. A federal state is also ideal to preserve the culture. All states can create laws in accordance with the customs and tradition of the people inside their jurisdiction. they will continuously develop these resources as these are their assets. This characteristic of the federal system is good because it will avoid conflict between the laws and belief of the people.cover by their jurisdiction. It is going to be advantageous to every state (and to the national government) if they could take care of their own resources as these could be their means towards prosperity. A federal government is more transparent to the people because it is closer to them. Each state in a federal system can focus well on the needs and concerns of their people. which is of course a just action and in accordance with the supreme law of the land. It would be easier for the central government to handle national issues because the representatives of every state are the ones in charge in maintaining peace and order in their place. tradition. Every action done by the governor or the head of their state can be clearly seen by his or her constituents as it is only limited to their place. They may have their own way on how the state will prosper and develop.
the members of the parliament would be more accountable in the sense that they do not have the upper house to put the blame on. another two years for rehabilitation of the place and the last two years for developing the state. with this a stable government will be established. both legislative and executive powers are usually conferred on the same order of government. laws will be decided faster which would really help especially if the law is really a must. In passing legislation under a bicameral system would require a bigger fund than in a unicameral setup. So this would simply mean that there would be election of representatives every six years. But if we have a unicameral system. Practicality is also a great factor in adopting a unicameral structure. In parliamentary system. Parliamentary system is known for its faster passage of bill compared to any other government system (which is going to be discussed on the later part). also the lawmakers of the land. One of the good characteristics of a parliamentary system is that the . Power and authority is vested on him by the members of the parliament. Six years is enough for a leader to fully develop the state. This maybe cause by the awareness that even if this bill will be approved in the lower house it will still goes through the upper house which is subject again for a long process and approval. This form of government offers the advantage from an executive viewpoint of being both responsible and accountable for the implementation of its own legislation.Parliamentary is a system of government wherein the head of the (national) government is called as the prime minister. members of the lower house may tend to just vote for or against the pending bill even though he didn’t really support it. a bill must be debated and approved upon by the lower house before going to the upper house and then subject for the approval of the head of the government (a president in case of a presidential system). Every government activity or process needs a fund. The prime minister will stay on his/her position as long as majority of the members of the parliament is not against him/her. Every representative will hold his position for six years. Parliamentary system will bring stability in the government. Government would be nothing if there are no funds to be used. But having a unicameral parliamentary type of government is more time saving in passing legislation than a bicameral one. In a lower and upper house setup. The representatives of the people are. Two years is needed for adjustment. The parliament is composed of representatives of every state elected by the people. lower and upper house. of course like any other parliamentary setup. Compared to a one house system. A unicameral parliamentary is better than adopting a bicameral setup because the members of the parliament would be more accountable to the people in the way that if we have a bicameral structure.
The participation of the people should never be put aside. The people in every state would elect their representative in the parliament which shows a feature of an indirect democracy. Although having a parliamentary system is also like adopting a monarchial type of government because the power to control the whole federal state is vested on the head of the government. An action done or a decision made by the parliament may be deemed unjust or unconstitutional by the judiciary which will make that action/decision to be null and void. This would root from the concept that the executive being the majority in the house will surely possess more votes than the members who will oppose it. is also evenly spread or distributed throughout the whole state because every state is given its local autonomy or freedom to govern their state without the intervention of every other state.passages of laws are faster. Democracy is said to be the rule of the people. In this matter. Aristocracy is also observed in the parliamentary system as the ones who composed the parliament are those people who are capable in running for public office which requires wealth/resources plus the qualifications that they need to meet. checks and balances is needed to neutralize each other. the judicial body is. separated from the parliament. Democracy) their roles. Democracy or the power of the people on the other hand (which will be discussed on the later part of this paper) is also present in this system of government. the prime minister. the aristocrats for the influence. as they are the one who primarily composed the society where the government belongs. and democracy to anarchy. be it direct or indirect. The mixture of governments shown in this structure gives each government (Monarchy. This setup would save time in passing laws as the one who create laws are also the one who will execute it. in a federal parliamentary system. The Prime Minister is the one who holds power. and the people for the decisions. aristocracy to oligarchy. it is always important to give focus on them as they are one of the elements of the state. Aristocracy. But in a federal and parliamentary system. In this concept. One of the most important characteristic of democracy is the presence of election. This will be simply manifested by the presence of election. of course. the people are the one who chooses and elect the leader (representative) of every state. In a parliamentary system. Power. an indirect democracy would be more appropriate than direct democracy. • Democracy Of course the power of the people should never be neglected. even though the executive and legislative powers are vested on one body. the chosen leader of the . as monarchy or the rule of one man may turn into tyranny. Separation of powers must still be observed.
Humans are unique compared to any other living things in terms of expressing our thoughts. one must meet the qualifications needed to run for public office. “anarchy”. Democracy would also encourage participation of the people in the government. Trees may bleed when they are hurt. Rights can also be considered as the protection of the people as this would safeguard them in any kind of abuse/oppression. Another advantage of an indirect democracy (with qualifications to run for public office) is that people would choose or vote for someone who is more knowledgeable than they are. animals could cry when they are suffering from pain. but only man has the gift of language. particularly in expressing it through speech/speaking (freedom of speech). This would make them feel that they are really a part of the government process. and education. a way where we can express what we think and feel and it will depend on the people when they want to use it as long as they are now violating another person’s right. residency. Every action done by all of the representatives must be in accordance of what their people need and want. If everyone is entitled to have freedom. . The sense of belongingness would be clearly seen in a democratic system. To be a leader. Democracy goes with the word “freedom”. It would make them feel that they have contributed to the welfare of the society. physical and mental fitness. Since there is election. There would be chaos if freedom would not be limited. THE MOST DESIRABLE LEADER Leaders must be fitted in the position and power given to them by the people. right to liberty. The right to life. one can do what he/she wants as long as he/she does not violate the rights of any person. One of the most important kinds of freedom a person must have is the freedom of expression. And these qualifications are: age. People are also given different rights in order for them to live just.people is accountable to them as he/she is the one who carry their will. they would not think that much of their state because they know that their leader is knowledgeable enough in administrating the government. the people would use their right and privilege to vote (of course the idiots will not). citizenship. and right to property are some of the basic rights a person must possess. Freedom could never be absolute as this will result to the perverted version of democracy. This would give an assurance to them that as they are busy on their own work/task.
A leader needs to have a college degree for it is already the highest attainment an individual could have to exercise his/her expertise. ignorance is bliss but a cowardice conviction. and every experience that he have gone to taught him/her lessons in life. With this. a leader is armed of different experiences and wisdom which will help him/her in making decisions for his/her people. then. That’s why physical and mental fitness is also a factor to become a leader. and truth comes from education. every elected leader would surely handle/run the government well. if he/she has a serious physical or mental disability he/she would not be able to perform his/her duties. These qualifications are primary . Another factor why a leader must live on that place for that long span of time is to be well exposed to the culture. Citizenship is important because it will strengthen the loyalty and love of the leader to his country and fellowmen (patriotism). the control of desires will be put on top. A leader should be familiar to his/her place to know what the people really need and demand. It would take that long to full understand the way people live in a particular place. But no matter how experienced a leader is. If that is the case. A conflict would arise if the decision made by a leader is contrary to the factors mentioned. why not make the focus of our education the interest of the state. When someone reaches the age of 40. An education has to have focus. For men yearn for many things. tradition. For the age that arrive wisdom and age dictates how broad the experience of his field of expertise. And as we have said it is best for man’s desire for the growth of the state and the welfare of the citizens. With these qualifications given. A leader must also be a resident of the particular state where he/she is running for public office of at least 20 years continuously. and beliefs of the people on that state. For it is better to know than not to know.A person must be 40 years old and above to occupy a position in the government. that person has a lot of good and bad experiences. he/she surely knows what life is all about. For the government will handle education and will monitor and make sure of its proper implementation. and this form of education has no exceptions. Education is also a must to be a leader. Discipline and focus shall be crucial in accomplishing the goal that would be to condition the mind and strengthen reason. A natural born citizen is the one whose mother or father is also a citizen of the country (blood relationship). For true men handle the truth. With proper conditioning and the right techniques starting from the early years. Through education we can put the right desires in a person. Anyone who desires to be a leader must be a natural born citizen of the country.
Willingness to lead. Future leaders would also come from them so they need to be familiar in different government practices/processes. Background check should always be done by the voters because this would help them to know the person that they are going to elect and put in power. And in order for a leader to return the favor. Once the people voted for him/her.requirements a person must meet to run for public office. A voter should also be a resident in a particular state of at least one year for him/her to fully analyze their place and be very familiar to it. Having this as the starting voting age would show and encourage youth participation in the government. Aside from the qualifications needed to run for public office. As what the cliché said. A leader should be capable to function properly especially when the whole state is experiencing harsh conditions and uncertainty. people should also look for good leadership qualities to those people. Of course. a voter definitely needs to be a citizen of the country. The leader is the one who gives hope to his/her people during hard times. A leader must show courage during these times in order to motivate the people to cope up and overcome the problem successfully. he/she must be responsible to the people. he should knows how to listen to his/her people. And lastly. The youth plays a big role in our society as they are the one who are next in line. A leader must have passion for what he/she is doing. Leaders are put into position to serve his/her constituents. it means that they trust that person. This would make him earn the respect of the people and true authority comes from respect. there should also qualifications for the people in order for them to exercise their right to vote. People should choose a leader who has a good track record. experience in leadership and clean criminal record are just some of the factors the voters should look for. these are things a leader should acquire. A voter should be at least 18 years of age. willingness to sacrifice something for the benefit of the common good. “good leaders are also good followers”. Leaders are accountable to their people. But this obviously depends on the voters as this is subjective. He must be open for any suggestion coming from his/her people as he/she does not have the monopoly of knowledge. A leader must be trustworthy of the votes given to them. A leader must be a good servant to the people. . This cycle is constant as generations come and go. Achievements. willingness to serve.
it is about how you are going to serve the people well despite of your weaknesses. government was formed because of consensus. For the idea of law contains such qualities as fairness and equality. This will also make the people to fully trust their leader. We have adopted the system of federalism. Federalism is necessary to balance and maintain the different beliefs of the people. and democracy as the main basis of the structure of government that we made. Law is the highest reason implanted in nature. For that is why law was born. which commands what ought to be done and forbids the opposite. For it is a law that is unworthy of its name. This reason. 2008). punishment shall be sufficient in suppressing the people’s action. But in the end. NATURE OF LAW When the ground rules set during the agreement (social contract) are completely thought out and implemented. when firmly fixed and fully developed in the human mind is law (Curtis. Laws are created not for the good. CONCLUSION In the theory of government that we have made. leadership is not about being perfect. . A law shall be formed upon when it is implemented for the benefit of its proposers. no one can truly possess all of these qualities. we can call it law. And when law is not enough. but for those who choose to sway from the path.A leader must always be confident in every action that he will do. Parliamentary is for having an indirect democracy and democracy for the participation of the people. the sense of belongingness could never be separated from them. People have the instinct to be with their own kind. The confidence of the leader would result to the people also being confident on how they are being governed. Its power originally arise from the consent of the parties involved in the contract. Equality in the sense that everyone is under the law and the law is applicable to everyone in the society. In itself it is wicked and wrong. But this should not be considered as a big problem. It is something imprinted to the human thought since the formation of government. unicameral parliamentary system. Some are good in a particular area and some are not. Law is the product of human thought.
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