3 views

Uploaded by Ali Ahmad

dsf

- imageRUNNER+25452535+series+Service+Manual_en_9.0.pdf
- CMME302-00
- Modern Digital and Analog Communication by Lathi Lecture_1-3
- 22-287-1-PB
- Medical Instrumentation Application and Design
- Flicker Source Identificatio
- Final
- Informe_DuyDamian_JaraTatiana
- 64066291 Signal System Introduction Lecture Notes
- 11
- ELCE301_Lecture1%28intro%29.pdf
- tsei50
- EECE 301 Note Set 1 Overview
- Design Proposal Programming Sub-Group
- Detection of Flicker Caused by Inter Harmonics
- Task 1
- Encircling Exploitation Align Reality Fashion Flow
- Iris Chapter03
- 05-06_103-11.pdf
- Data Acquisition (DAQ)

You are on page 1of 16

Lec01_chapter01

Asad Abbas Assistant Professor Telecom Department Air University, E-9, Islamabad

Communication is a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior Communication systems are reliable, economical and efficient means of communications

Public switched telephone network (PSTN), mobile telephone communication (GSM, 3G, ...), broadcast radio or television, navigation systems, ...

The course is aiming at introducing fundamental issues in designing analog and digital communication systems

2006-01-24 Lecture 1 2

Cellular wireless communication systems

BS

UE

UE

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

General structure of a communication systems

Info. Noise Received Transmitted Received info. signal signal Transmitter Receiver Channel User

SOURCE

Source

Analog Transmitter

Analog Receiver

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

General structure of a communication systems

Info. Noise Received Transmitted Received info. signal signal Transmitter Receiver Channel User

SOURCE

Source

Digital Transmitter

Formatter Source encoder Channel encoder Modulator

Digital Receiver

Formatter

2006-01-24

Source decoder

Channel decoder

Lecture 1

Demodulator

Course Information

Analog Communications

Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems by B.P. Lathi Digital communications: Fundamentals and Applications by Bernard Sklar,Prentice Hall, 2001 Communication systems engineering, by John G. Proakis and Masoud Salehi, Prentice Hall, 2002, 2nd edition, ISBN: 0-13-095007-6

Digital Communications

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

Review

Signal

It is a set of information e.g. voice signal, video signal etc Signal Energy Signal power

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

Review

Eg =

(t ) dt

Eg =

g (t ) dt

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

Review

T /2

Pg = Lim

T

1 T

T / 2

g 2 (t ) dt

T /2

Pg = Lim

T

1 T

T / 2

g (t ) dt

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

Review

Classification of Signals

Continuous Time and Discrete Time Signals Analog and Digital Signals Periodic and Aperiodic Signals Deterministic and Probabilistic Signals Energy and Power Signals

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

10

Review

Classification of Signals

Continuous Time Signal It is specified for every time of t Discrete -Time Signal It is specified for only at discrete values of t

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

11

Review

Classification of Signals

Analog Signal

Digital Signal

The range set (dependant variable) contains finite number of values. It may contain 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 or 256 values.

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

12

Review

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

13

Review

It is two valued digital signal. Each value is called bit or some time symbol.

It has equal to or greater than 2 symbols. Each symbol contains many bits. The number bits per symbol are given by:

k = log2 M bits per symbol Where M is total number of symbols. If M=2, it is binary signal.

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

14

Review

A periodic signal

A non-periodic signal

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

15

Review

Deterministic signal: No uncertainty with respect to the signal value at any time. Random signal: Some degree of uncertainty in signal values before it actually occurs.

Thermal noise in electronic circuits due to the random movement of electrons Reflection of radio waves from different layers of ionosphere The multipath signal in mobile communication system

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

16

Review

A signal is an energy signal if, and only if, it has nonzero but finite energy for all time:

A signal is a power signal if, and only if, it has finite but nonzero power for all time:

General rule: Periodic and random signals are power signals. Signals that are both deterministic and non-periodic are energy signals.

Lecture 1 17

2006-01-24

A periodic signal of period To consists of sum of sinusoids. The frequency of the fundamental sinusoid is 1/To and that of higher components, the harmonics, is integral multiple of the fundamental.

n =1

a0 = T10 an =

2006-01-24

To 2 To 2

Lecture 1 18

2 T0 2 T0

To 2 To 2

bn =

To 2 To 2

The periodic signal, f(t), can also be represented in terms of exponentials as shown below.

f (t ) = Dn =

1 T0

n =

De

n

jno t

To 2

To 2

f (t ) e jnot dt

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

19

Fourier Transform

G ( ) = g (t ) = =

2006-01-24

1 2 jt G ( ) e d

g (t ) e jt dt

j 2 f t G ( f ) e df

Lecture 1 20

Spectral Density

It is distribution of Signals energy or power in frequency domain. Energy Spectral Density The total Energy of a real valued energy signal x(t) is given by

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

21

Power Spectral Density The average power of a real valued power signal x(t) is given by Parsevals Theorem

s

Lecture 1 22

2006-01-24

Where XT(f) is Fourier Transform xT(t), which is truncated version of x(t). It is observed in (-T/2, T/2)

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

23

Example

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

24

Example (contd..)

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

25

Autocorrelation

It is matching of signal with a delayed version of itself. Autocorrelation of real valued Energy Signal

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

26

Autocorrelation (contd..)

Autocorrelation is symmetric around zero. Its maximum value occurs at the origin. Autocorrelation and spectral density form a Fourier transform pair. Its value at the origin is equal to energy.

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

27

Autocorrelation (contd..)

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

28

Autocorrelation (contd..)

density form a Fourier transform pair. Its value at the origin is equal to the average power. around zero. origin.

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

29

Communication Systems

Basband Communication

Baseband signals are used to transmit information.

Each message symbol is represented by one of a set of pulse waveforms g1(t), g2(t)gM(t)

Passband Communication

Passband signals are transmitted. Each baseband

pulse waveform is represented by one set of bandpass waveforms s1(t), s2(t)sM(t)

Data rate

It is speed of communication. In case of Binary signaling, it is measured as bits/sec and in case of M-ary Signaling it is measured as symbols/sec.

Lecture 1 30

2006-01-24

Review (contd..)

Baseband signal

Its spectra ranges from (near ) DC to some finite value

Passband Signal

Its spectrum is shifted away from DC Value

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

31

END

2006-01-24

Lecture 1

32

- imageRUNNER+25452535+series+Service+Manual_en_9.0.pdfUploaded byPierre Chirac
- CMME302-00Uploaded byLittle Voice
- Modern Digital and Analog Communication by Lathi Lecture_1-3Uploaded byAnonymous 0RFkHd
- 22-287-1-PBUploaded byKadanya Eric
- Medical Instrumentation Application and DesignUploaded byAnonymous fdkI2j
- Flicker Source IdentificatioUploaded bymrtksc54
- FinalUploaded byDibyajyoti Sarkar
- Informe_DuyDamian_JaraTatianaUploaded byTati Jara
- 64066291 Signal System Introduction Lecture NotesUploaded byvasece4537577
- 11Uploaded byVeronica Ingram
- ELCE301_Lecture1%28intro%29.pdfUploaded byLittle Voice
- tsei50Uploaded byAbhishek
- EECE 301 Note Set 1 OverviewUploaded byrodriguesvasco
- Design Proposal Programming Sub-GroupUploaded byJacky Tran
- Detection of Flicker Caused by Inter HarmonicsUploaded byezio_silva_3
- Task 1Uploaded byAlif Akmal
- Encircling Exploitation Align Reality Fashion FlowUploaded bysfofoby
- Iris Chapter03Uploaded byTON
- 05-06_103-11.pdfUploaded byVinsen Teubun Letsoin
- Data Acquisition (DAQ)Uploaded bylvrevathi
- block diagram.docUploaded byBedasso Miesso
- Technical-English-SampleUnit-CB2.pdfUploaded byXavi Alonso
- SP77AttBUploaded bysteam100deg1658
- RTN 600 Product DescriptionUploaded byAdrian Tarce
- Communication Systems Engineering PDFUploaded byAdam
- Modal Analysis Applications Spring2002 MACLUploaded byJoe Ajay
- Wave HeightUploaded byNilesh Dalvi
- NoiseUploaded byMana Omar
- EM Biomed Signal 1Uploaded byroboticnerd
- ADC.docUploaded bySuba Dhanasekaran

- Matlab Training - Basic Control TheoryUploaded byelfrich
- 1 Electrical TheoryUploaded byAli Ahmad
- Lecture 1 2Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- Lecture 1 2Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- Matlab Training - SIMULINKUploaded byAtta Rehman
- Matlab Training - SIMULINKUploaded byAtta Rehman
- Jan 2008 Course Outline FinanceUploaded byAli Ahmad
- Lectrue # 12 and 13- 30-04-08Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- matlabses3Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- matlabses7Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- ph alkalinity explainedUploaded byDean Dsouza
- matlabses4Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- AC MaintenanceUploaded byAli Ahmad
- SimulinkUploaded byAli Ahmad
- Lecture 2 - 30-01-08Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- Multiply and Accumulate Circuits LabUploaded byAli Ahmad
- Small Neural Nets LabUploaded byAli Ahmad
- Matlab Training - Writing M-files_scripts and FunctionsUploaded byederdiego2709
- SOC's and MSoC'sUploaded byAli Ahmad
- VHDL-lab-1Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- VHDL OperatorsUploaded byAli Ahmad
- AcknowledgementUploaded byAli Ahmad
- matlabses2Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- Sequential Code in VHDLUploaded byAli Ahmad
- Lecture 1 aUploaded byAli Ahmad
- Parallel Multiplier LabUploaded byAli Ahmad
- VHDL Data TypesUploaded byAli Ahmad
- Lecture 2Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- Today Lecture _22!09!05Uploaded byAli Ahmad
- Lab Reports InstructionsUploaded byAli Ahmad

- SIP Registration ProcessUploaded byAsit Swain
- Eterna Eval Dev Board Set GuideUploaded bydebangshu_1
- paper+presentation+departmentUploaded bySri Krishna IT
- JAVA- Caching Strategies Based on Information Density Estimation in Wireless Ad Hoc NetworksUploaded byVenkateswar Rao Kannikanti
- runlogUploaded byAmbush
- Oracle Vm Sparc ClusterUploaded byTolulope Abiodun
- Alliance Access KitUploaded byRicardo Santos
- Summit Family HW InstallUploaded byRodrigo F Martins
- 3rd Periodical ExamUploaded byJeferson
- Cisco SAFE ArchUploaded byCleber Penteado
- ASM410_eUploaded byRaj Chavan
- AB RedundancyUploaded bytrung2i
- MFC-L2700DW_Service Manual.pdfUploaded byAnonymous OQ9UN5k
- Line Distance Protection 511Uploaded bysayedmh
- Planete Senegal Recognizes the vision and Leadership of Chancellor Michael Harris for the Cole Wellness and Fitness Center, IU Kokomo, IUKhancellor Michael Harris and Milt Cole, IU Kokomo, Discussing Gift of $1.25M Gift to Cole Family Wellness Center. Impower Power1Uploaded byMichael Harris IU Kokomo
- Spanning Tree ProtocolUploaded byRavi Sharma
- Emarketing EssentialsUploaded byLaura Georgiana Şiu
- 1Uploaded byScott Buttrey Sr
- PHB_PCS7_eUploaded bySaad Bro
- College Alumni PortalUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- 5-1_006_NMS_SuiteUploaded bybabiso
- devilzShellUploaded byAdhi Maulana Wibawa
- oracle 9i_RACUploaded byakhanjaved
- ACE7_exam 1of5Uploaded bySanrioo Jp
- 02 - IP Project Handbook Template v3.0Uploaded byMKPashaPasha
- 05Dec2007 Drives and Mitigating HarmonicsUploaded byp41005679
- Vista 21IP User ManualUploaded byGary McKay
- Isi.templateUploaded byReza Rz
- TCSS@rechargesvec.blogspot.comUploaded byjhahnavi13
- netbackup培训讲稿Uploaded bysurain