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History

Charlemagne Succeds to the Throne
Charlemagne was the king of Franks from 768 until his death in 814.He made the Frankish kingdoms into a Frankish Empire that was made up of Western and Central Europe. During his reign, he conquered Italy and was crowned Imperator Augustus by Pope Leo III on 25 December 800 as an enemy of the Byzantine Emperor in Constantinople. His rule is also related with the Carolingian Renaissance, a lover of art, religion, and culture. Through his conquests around the world, Charlemagne helped describe both Western Europe and the Middle Ages. He is numbered as Charles I in the regnal lists of France, Germany, and the Holy Roman Empire.

Charlemagne The 100 Years War The Hundred Years' War was a continuos conflict lasting from 1337 to 1453 between two royal houses for the French throne, which was not in use with the death of the senior Capetian line of French kings. The House of Valois claimed the title of King of France, while the Plantagenets from England claimed to be Kings of France and England. Plantagenet Kings were the 12th century rulers of the Kingdom of England. French soldiers fought on both sides, with Burgundy and Aquitaine providing support for the Plantagenet side.

Geography
Alps The Alps are divided into the Western Alps and the Eastern Alps. It is divided along the line between Lake Constance and Lake Como, following the rivers Rhine, Liro and Mera. The Western Alps are taller than the Eastern Alps the Western Alps are in Italy, France and Switzerland. The Eastern Alps are in Italy, Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Liechtenstein and Slovenia. The highest peak of the Western Alps is Mont Blanc, it is 4,808 metres. The highest peak of the Eastern Alps is Piz Bernina, it is 4,049 metres.

Alps Pyrenees The Pyrenees are divided into three sections the Atlantic (or Western), the Central, and the Eastern Pyrenees. The highest mountain of the Pyrenees is Pico del Aneto this is 3,404 metres high. The Pyrenees is in Spain, France and Andorra. It forms the natural border between France and Spain. The mountain range is 270 miles long, it starts at the Bay of Biscay to the Mediterranean Sea.

Pyrenees

Map of France

French Flag Quick Facts Full country name: French Republic Area: 547,030 sq km Population: 60.4 million Capital City: Paris People: 92% French, 3% North African, 2% German, 1% Breton, 2% other Languages: French, Catalan, Basque, Breton, Cors Current Leader: Nicolas Sarkozy The Eiffel Tower: Was built by Gustave Eiffel during the years 1887- 1889 Festivals: Bastille Day, Cannes Film Festival, French Tennis Open, Nice Jazz Festival Inventions: Bartholdi - Statue of Liberty, Eugene Bourdon - Bourdon Tube Pressure Gauge, Louis Braille - Braille, Louis Paul Cailletet - Altimeter, Nicolas Conte - Conte Pencils, Rudolf Diesel Diesel Engine, Emile Gagnan and Jacques Cousteu - Scuba Equipment, Louis-JacquesMandé Daguerre - The Daguerreotype, Gustave Eiffel- Eiffel tower, Henri Fabre - Seaplane, Jean Foucault - Gyroscope, Doctor Joseph Ignace Guillotin - The Guillotine, Laennec Stethoscope, Montgolfier Brothers - Hot Air Balloon, Jean Nollet - Electroscope , Blaise Pascal - Digital Calculator, Louis Pasteur - Pasteurization, Gaspard de Prony - Dynamometer , Jacques Heim and Louis Reard - The Bikini, Louis Sebastien - Parachutes, Barthelemy Thimonnier - Sewing Machine Sports: Mostly Rugby and Football

Artists: Paul Cezane, Edger Degas, Claude Monet, Francis Picabia, Yves Tanguy, William Adolphe Bouguereau, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Georges Braque

Sources
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlamagne http://www.sacred-destinations.com/france/fast-facts.htm http://images.google.com/ imagesgbv=2&hl=en&ei=BS0KSoPnOJeWkQXv3PmrCw&sa=X&oi=spell &resnum=0&ct=result&cd=1&q=Charlemagne&spell=1 http://www.e-s-e-a.com/FRENCH%20FLAG.png http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/france/tp/keymomentsfrance.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France#History http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eiffel_Tower http://www.justfrance.org/france/france-festivals.asp http://inventors.about.com/od/frenchinventors/Inventions_of_France_French_Inventors.htm http://www.linkism.com/visual_artists/famous-artists/country/france-french.htm http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_are_some_famous_French_painters http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War http://www.worldatlas.com/aatlas/infopage/pyrenees.htm Notes

What are the main events in french history? ◦ Conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar ◦ Germans Settle in Gaul ◦ Clovis Unites the Franks ◦ Battle of Tours/Poitiers ◦ Charlemagne Succeeds to the Throne* ◦ Creation of West Francia ◦ Hugh Capet Becomes King ◦ Reign of Philip II ◦ The Albigensian Crusade ◦ The 100 Years War* Who is France's current leader? ◦ Nicolas Sarkozy When was the Eiffel Tower built? ◦ 1887 – 1889 Who built the Eiffel Tower? ◦ Gustave Eiffel What festivals are there in France? ◦ Bastille Day ◦ Cannes Film Festival ◦ French Tennis Open ◦ Nice Jazz Festival How many people are there in France? Around 61,875,822

History
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What inventions did the french make? ◦ Bartholdi - Statue of Liberty ◦ Eugene Bourdon - Bourdon Tube Pressure Gauge ◦ Louis Braille - Braille ◦ Louis Paul Cailletet - Altimeter ◦ Nicolas Conte - Conte Pencils ◦ Rudolf Diesel - Diesel Engine ◦ Emile Gagnan and Jacques Cousteu - Scuba Equipment ◦ Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre - The Daguerreotype ◦ Gustave Eiffel- Eiffel tower ◦ Henri Fabre - Seaplane ◦ Jean Foucault - Gyroscope ◦ Doctor Joseph Ignace Guillotin - The Guillotine ◦ Laennec - Stethoscope ◦ Montgolfier Brothers - Hot Air Balloon ◦ Jean Nollet - Electroscope ◦ Blaise Pascal - Digital Calculator ◦ Louis Pasteur - Pasteurization ◦ Gaspard de Prony - Dynamometer ◦ Jacques Heim and Louis Reard - The Bikini ◦ Louis Sebastien - Parachutes ◦ Barthelemy Thimonnier - Sewing Machine • What sports do they play? ◦ Mostly Rugby and Football • Which famous artists are from France? ◦ Paul Cezane ◦ Edger Degas ◦ Claude Monet ◦ Francis Picabia ◦ Yves Tanguy ◦ William Adolphe Bouguereau ◦ Pierre-Auguste Renoir ◦ Georges Braque

Geography • Map • Famous Rivers ◦ Loire ◦ Seine • Famous Mountain Ranges ◦ Alps ◦ Pyrenees • What is the capital of France? ◦ Paris French Flag

http://www.e-s-e-a.com/FRENCH%20FLAG.png http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/france/tp/keymomentsfrance.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France#History http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eiffel_Tower http://www.justfrance.org/france/france-festivals.asp http://inventors.about.com/od/frenchinventors/Inventions_of_France_French_Inventors.htm http://www.linkism.com/visual_artists/famous-artists/country/france-french.htm http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_are_some_famous_French_painters