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Standard Capacity Gas Turbine Meter Brochure

Overview Definitions and Turbine Meter Parameters Accurate Measurement Explained Product Features Specifications Pulse Characteristics Spindown Times Meter Markings Catalog Numbers Sizing Requirements Four Ways of Meter Proving Overanging and Maintenance Oiling Instructions Flow Sizing Charts 4" 6" 8" 12" Dimensional Information Inches Millimeters Parts List and Drawing Preamplifiers and Transmitters Metertubes Length of Tubes Alignment of Tubes Recommended Piping Layouts Strainers Flow Computing Systems Gas Flow Instrumentation

Product/System Overview
GAS TURBINE METERS 4" THROUGH 12" CATALOG 2000 GENERAL INFORMATION Foreword Daniel Industries, Inc. is a recognized leader in the field of flow measurement. The Flow Products Division has as its goal the development and manufacture of the most accurate and reliable flow measurement equipment in the industry. From entire packaged meter stations to specific components, the Daniel expertise is there. Daniel's Gas Turbine Meter is an example of this expertise and leadership position in flow measurement. The meter is unique in its design. It has fewer moving parts because of its patented electronic design. In combination with Daniel's totalizing and computing equipment, the gas turbine meter becomes the heart of gas measurement systems for virtually any situation. DANIEL GAS TURBINE METER SYSTEM GAS TURBINE METER q Wide rangeability q High accuracy reliability q Two pulse outputs q Lexan rotor, heavy duty bearings q External lubrication system

MRT 94 q Continuous display flow rate and totalization q Pulse out q 4-20 MA signal out (loop power) q Battery power 2-year life (Lithium) q Explosion proof housing q 10-Point linearization

Gas Turbine Meter shown with Model MRT 94 Flow Totalizer

Turbine Meter Parameters

Accuracy is a measure of how close to true or actual flow the instrument indication may be. It is generally expressed as a percent of true volume for a specific flow range. This is a "worst case" rating. Accuracy at a particular flow rate may be an order of magnitude better than "rated flow range accuracy." Resolution is a measure of the smallest increment of total flow that can be individually recognized. High resolution is generally required only on meters handling the sale of products which must be periodically proved, or on meters for control purposes. Electro-magnetic turbine meters have an inherently high resolution. Repeatability is a meter's ability to indicate the same reading each time the same flow conditions exist. Turbine meters exhibit excellent repeatability and, for many control applications, this parameter is more important than accuracy or resolution. Range is the ratio of maximum flow to minimum flow over which the specified accuracy will be maintained.

Accurate Measurement Explained

As the gas flow enters the meter inlet, it is guided through a flow area created by the inside diameter of the meter and the outside diameter of the flow deflector. The flow deflector or nose cone is used to increase the velocity of the gas to prepare its entry to the meter rotor. The increase in velocity provides ample rotor driving force. After the flowing gas has been accelerated, it flows through the meter rotor. The rotor is designed with a specific number of blades positioned at a precise angle to the flow stream. The gas impinges on the rotor blades causing the rotor to rotate. The angular velocity of the rotor is directly proportional to the gas velocity and consequently to the volumetric flow rate. Hence, by accurately measuring the rotor rotation, the volumetric flow can be determined. The Daniel Gas Turbine Meter is furnished with two magnetic pick ups which sense the rotation of the rotor through accurately positioned magnets in the rotor hub. As the magnet passes the coil it produces a voltage pulse which represents a discrete unit of volume. The turbine meter output is rated in pulses per unit volume. Daniel offers two independent, isolated pick ups which can be used with the Daniel local totalizer and/or flow instrumentation capable of accepting inputs of pressure, temperature, and density transducers for calculations of corrected flow or mass.


Product Features
GAS TURBINE METERS 4" , 6", 8" AND 12"
q q q

High resolution, repeatability and rangeability Pressure ratings through ANSI Class 900 Only six major parts, only two moving parts

Use with Daniel or other electronic rate-indicator/totalizer or computer ...........................

TEMPERATURE LIMITS Meter: Operational 0 to 220F Storage -50 to 200F Preamplifier: Operational 0 to 140F (above 150F, mount electronics remotely) Storage -50 to 140F LINEARITY Over stated range 1%; limited range 0.5% (Repeatability at any point in stated range 0.1%) OVERRANGE 25% over maximum flow for short periods only MATERIALS Part Meter Body Rotor Ball Bearings Pickup Coil Material 4", 6", 8" carbon steel or aluminum; 12" carbon steel LexanTM Stainless Steel 1500-1700 ohms inductance, in S.S. housing

STANDARD Model 1816 Preamplifier, direct-feed oiler, dual coils OPTIONS External oil tank, Model 2415B Preamplifier for Intrinsically Safe applications ...........................

Pulse Characteristics


Typical Spin Down Time

Line Size 4" (100 mm) 6" (150 mm) 8" (200 mm) 12" (300 mm) Time in Seconds 70 100 130 150


Meter Markings

Each meter has FLOW DIRECTION & FLANGE RATINGS. Meter should be installed in accordance with these markings: Upstream Inlet flange is stamped: IN Downstream Inlet flange is stamped: OUT

Meter Numbering System/Ordering & Shipping Info


4" -- 20 - 1 - 1
Code 4" 20 1 Explanation/Example Meter line size in inches Gas Turbine Meter 0 Flat Face (125# Meter Only) 1 Raised Face Flanges, both ends 4 Ring Type Joint Flanges, both ends Pressure Rating ANSI 0 Class 125 ANSI 1 Class 150 ANSI 3 Class 300 ANSI 5 Class 600 ANSI 6 Class 900 ANSI

WHEN ORDERING, PLEASE SPECIFY: 1. Type of gas (dry, wet, sour, etc.) 2. Maximum line pressure 3. Maximum flow rate 4. Minimum flow rate 5. Quantity 6. Type readout required 7. Model number

METER PACKING AND SHIPPING Each Daniel Gas Turbine Meter is individually crated to avoid damage during shipment. Meter flanges and bore are protected by covers.

Meter Sizing and Programming

The following informatin is required for proper sizing and programming of the Daniel Gas Turbine Meter: (1) Maximum Flow Rate (2) Minimum Flow Rate (3) Maximum Flowing Pressure (4) Minimum Flowing Pressure (5) Specific Gravity (6) Flowing Temperature (7) Base Pressure (8) Base Temperature (9) Normal Line Pressure SCFH or SCFD SCFH or SCFD PSIG PSIG SG F NCMH or NCMD NCMH or NCMD kg/cm^2 kg/cm^2 SG C

PSIA kg/cm^2 F C PSIG kg/cm^2

NOTE: (1) AND (2) should be given for a specific flowing pressure and temperature. CAUTION: When sizing Daniel Gas Turbine Meters using maximum flow rate in SCFD, it is necessary to verify that the instantaneous flow rate does not exceed the hourly rates stated in the Performance Data tables.

Four Ways of Meter Proving

SPIN TEST A spin test of the gas turbine meter rotor does not represent absolute proof over the entire range of the meter, but only an indication of its accuracy in the lower range. A spin test is conducted and recorded on the gas turbine meter specification sheet by Daniel prior to shipment, but another test is advised before installation. Be sure to record the spin time of this test for future reference. Conduct the spin test in a relatively draft-free environment or by blocking off back of inner housing. PLOT OF PERCENT FLOW RATE vs. PULSES/ACTUAL CUBIC FEET Air Calibration of Daniel Gas Turbine Meter Serial No.: 74-G-100 Model No.: 2000-0 Size: 4" Curve No.: 74-111 Customer: Natural Gas Co. Customer P.O.: 123-456 Daniel S.O.: 99999 Date: 1-15-74

These spin down times and their respective calibration curves represent an example of a typical 4" gas turbine meter and indicate the loss due to friction in bearings. If friction is indicated by unsuitable spin down time, the bearings should be replaced. CRITICAL FLOW PROVERS--ORIFICE/VENTURI A critical flow prover is a constriction type flow meter in which the phenomenon of critical flow occurs as the gas velocity in the throat of the meter is accelerated to equal the velocity of sound in the pipe at operating conditions. Critical flow provers are of two types--the critical flow orifice prover and the critical flow venturi prover. The critical flow prover test method has the advantage of the meter being tested under the same conditions and configuration that it normally operates.

The critical flow orifice prover is used to test gas turbine meters at operating pressures of 15 psig or more. Flow is passed through the meter and the orifice, then discharged into the atmosphere. The critical flow venturi prover also is used to test gas turbine meters at 15 psig or more. The venturi is installed as an "in-line" device so that gas flows through the meter, through the venturi, then back into the pipeline. There is no loss of gas due to venting, no high noise levels, and no hazardous conditions. The venturi outlet section is designed to recover 90-95% of the critical pressure loss. TRANSFER PROVER Transfer proving consists of meter calibration by means of a transfer or master meter. In transfer proving, the master meter and the test meter are piped in series. A selected volume of gas is simultaneously passed through both meters, and their registration is observed. The observations (registrations) are then corrected for any temperature and pressure differences between the two meters. A percentage error is determined for any flowing conditions by installing the master meter in the pipeline with the test meter or at atmospheric conditions by installing the test meter in series with the master meter and utilizing a portable blower to provide the volume through the two meters. Two devices which can be used as master meters in transfer proving are the gas turbine meter and the orifice meter. Of the two devices, the master gas turbine meter provides a system that is simple, accurate, repeatable, fast, and requires less additional instrumentation.

Overrange and Maintenance

OVERRANGE The gas turbine meter is a velocity (rate) sensing device. Extreme gas velocity encountered during pressurizing, venting, and purging of meter tube or system can cause severe damage due to sudden and severe overranging. All such operations should be conducted under controlled conditions in order to maintain meter accuracy and trouble free service. NOTE: The Daniel Gas Turbine Meter is designed to accept gradual 25% overranging surges during normal operation. It can withstand a gradual 100% overranging, but internals will suffer accelerated deterioration. MAINTENANCE A maintenance manual is supplied with each Daniel Gas Turbine Meter. APPLICATIONS Daniel Gas Turbine Meters are applicable to wide flow ranges, fluctuating flows, and to extend the range of existing meter stations. This versatility and its accuracy make the Daniel Gas Turbine Meter a popular measurement device for:
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Peak Shaving Fuel Gas for Compressors of Boilers Town Border Stations Gas Production Operations Gas Transmission Lines

Oiling Instructions
ALL METERS SHOULD BE LUBRICATED PRIOR TO STARTUP METER BEARING LUBRICATION 1. Close valve & remove cap slowly. 2. Fill reservoir with recommended oil. 3. Replace cap & tighten securely. 4. Slowly open valve to allow drainage.

5. Close valve.

RECOMMENDED OIL VISCOSITY Meter Size 4" 6" 8" 12" Viscosity (Centistokes) 20 cs. 50 cs. 100 cs. 50 cs.

Daniel recommends use of Dow Corning silicon 200 fluids in all gas turbine meters. For name of distributor, consult factory.

4" (100mm) Gas Turbine Meter

PRESSURE/FLOW CHARACTERISTICS, 4" GAS TURBINE METER ALL PRESSURES IN PSIG, FLOW RATES IN SCFH All tables based on standard conditions: 14.73 psia and 60F for 0.6 SG gas; supercompressibility not included. Pressure Psig 0.00 0.25 1 10 25 50 75 100 125 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 1,300 1,400 Bars 1.02 1.03 1.08 1.71 2.74 4.46 6.19 7.91 9.64 14.81 21.71 28.60 35.50 42.40 49.29 56.19 63.08 69.98 76.88 83.77 90.67 97.57 Maximum SCFH 18,000 18,305 19,222 30,220 48,550 79,100 109,650 140,200 170,749 262,399 384,599 506,798 628,998 751,198 873,397 995,597 1,117,796 1,239,996 1,362,196 1,484,395 1,606,595 1,728,794 Nm^3/hr 510 518 544 856 1,375 2,240 3,105 3,970 4,835 7,430 10,891 14,351 17,811 21,272 24,732 28,192 31,652 35,113 38,573 42,033 45,494 48,954 Minimum SCFH 1,200 1,210 1,240 1,555 1,971 2,515 2,962 3,349 3,696 4,582 5,547 6,367 7,093 7,752 8,359 8,924 9,456 9,960 10,439 10,897 11,337 11,760 Nm^3/hr 34.0 34.3 34.1 44.0 55.8 71.2 83.9 94.8 104.7 129.7 157.1 180.3 200.9 219.5 236.7 252.7 267.8 282.0 295.6 308.6 321.0 333.0 Turndown Ratio 15:1 15:1 16:1 19:1 25:1 31:1 37:1 42:1 46:1 57:1 69:1 80:1 89:1 97:1 104:1 112:1 118:1 125:1 130:1 136:1 142:1 147:1 Approx. Maximum Pressure Drop IWC 1.2 1.2 1.3 2.0 3.2 5.2 7.2 9.2 11.2 17.2 25.1 33.1 41.1 49.1 57.1 65.1 73.1 81.1 89.0 97.0 105.0 113.0 millibars 2.9 3.0 3.1 4.9 7.9 12.9 17.9 22.8 27.8 42.7 62.6 82.5 102.4 122.3 142.2 162.1 182.0 201.9 221.8 241.7 261.6 281.5

The above table is based on standard conditions of 14.73 Psia and 60F for 0.60 specific gravity gas. Supercompressibility not included.

6" (150mm) Gas Turbine Meter

PRESSURE/FLOW CHARACTERISTICS, 6" GAS TURBINE METER ALL PRESSURES IN PSIG, FLOW RATES IN SCFH All tables based on standard conditions: 14.73 psia and 60F for 0.6 SG gas; supercompressibility not included. Pressure Psig 0.00 0.25 1 10 25 50 75 100 125 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 1,300 1,400 Bars 1.02 1.03 1.08 1.71 2.74 4.46 6.19 7.91 9.64 14.81 21.71 28.60 35.50 42.40 49.29 56.19 63.08 69.98 76.88 83.77 90.67 97.57 Maximum SCFH 36,000 36,611 38,444 60,440 97,100 158,200 219,299 280,399 341,499 524,798 769,198 1,013,597 1,257,996 1,502,395 1,746,794 1,991,193 2,235,593 2,479,992 2,724,391 2,968,790 3,213,189 3,457,589 Nm^3/hr 1,019 1,037 1,089 1,711 2,750 4,480 6,210 7,940 9,670 14,861 21,781 28,702 35,622 42,543 49,464 56,384 63,305 70,226 77,146 84,067 90,987 97,908 Minimum SCFH 2,291 2,310 2,367 2,968 3,762 4,802 5,654 6,393 7,055 8,746 10,589 12,155 13,542 14,799 15,947 17,037 18,052 19,013 19,928 20,803 21,642 22,450 Nm^3/hr 64.9 65.4 67.0 84.0 106.5 136.0 160.1 181.0 199.8 247.7 299.8 344.2 383.5 419.1 451.9 482.4 511.2 538.4 564.3 589.1 612.8 635.7 Turndown Ratio 16:1 16:1 16:1 20:1 26:1 33:1 39:1 44:1 48:1 60:1 73:1 83:1 93:1 102:1 109:1 117:1 124:1 130:1 137:1 143:1 148:1 154:1 Approx. Maximum Pressure Drop IWC millibars 1.5 3.7 1.5 1.6 2.5 4.0 6.5 8.9 11.4 13.9 21.4 31.4 41.3 51.3 61.3 71.2 81.2 91.2 101.1 111.1 121.1 131.0 141.0 3.7 3.9 6.1 9.9 16.1 22.3 28.5 34.7 53.3 78.1 103.0 127.8 152.6 177.4 202.3 227.1 251.9 276.7 301.6 326.4 351.2

The above table is based on standard conditions of 14.73 Psia and 60F for 0.60 specific gravity gas. Supercompressibility not included.

8" (200mm) Gas Turbine Meter

PRESSURE/FLOW CHARACTERISTICS, 8" GAS TURBINE METER ALL PRESSURES IN PSIG, FLOW RATES IN SCFH All tables based on standard conditions: 14.73 psia and 60F for 0.6 SG gas; supercompressibility not included. Pressure Psig 0.00 0.25 1 10 25 50 75 100 125 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 1,300 1,400 Bars 1.02 1.03 1.08 1.71 2.74 4.46 6.19 7.91 9.64 14.81 21.71 28.60 35.50 42.40 49.29 56.19 63.08 69.98 76.88 83.77 90.67 97.57 Maximum SCFH 60,000 61,018 64,073 100,733 161,833 263,666 365, 499 467,332 569,165 874,664 1,281,996 1,689,328 2,096,660 2,503,992 2,911,324 3,318,656 3,725,988 4,133,320 4,540,652 4,947,984 5,355,316 5,762,648 Nm^3/hr 1,699 1,728 1,814 2,852 4,583 7,466 10,350 13,233 16,117 24,768 36,302 47,836 59,371 70,905 82,440 93,974 105,508 117,043 128,577 140,111 151,646 163,180 Minimum SCFH 3,000 3,025 3,100 3,887 4,927 6,289 7,404 8,372 9,240 11,454 13,867 15,918 17,734 19.380 20,897 22,311 23,641 24,899 26,097 27,243 28,342 29,400 Nm^3/hr 84.9 85.7 87.8 110.1 139.5 178.1 209.7 237.1 261.6 324.3 392.7 450.8 502.2 548.8 591.7 631.8 669.4 705.1 739.0 771.4 802.6 832.5 Turndown Ratio 20:1 20:1 21:1 26:1 33:1 42:1 49:1 56:1 62:1 76:1 92:1 106:1 118:1 129:1 139:1 149:1 158:1 166:1 174:1 182:1 189:1 196:1 Approx. Maximum Pressure Drop IWC 1.9 1.9 2.0 3.1 5.0 8.1 11.3 14.4 17.6 27.0 39.6 52.2 64.8 77.3 89.9 102.5 115.1 127.7 140.3 152.8 165.4 178.0 millibars 4.6 4.7 4.9 7.8 12.5 20.3 28.1 36.0 43.8 67.3 98.6 130.0 161.3 192.7 224.0 255.3 286.7 318.0 349.4 380.7 412.0 443.4

The above table is based on standard conditions of 14.73 Psia and 60F for 0.60 specific gravity gas. Supercompressibility not included.

12" (300mm) Gas Turbine Meter

PRESSURE/FLOW CHARACTERISTICS, 12" GAS TURBINE METER ALL PRESSURES IN PSIG, FLOW RATES IN SCFH All tables based on standard conditions: 14.73 psia and 60F for 0.6 SG gas; supercompressibility not included. Pressure Psig 0.00 0.25 1 10 25 50 75 100 125 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000 1,100 1,200 1,300 1,400 Bars 1.02 1.03 1.08 1.71 2.74 4.46 6.19 7.91 9.64 14.81 21.71 28.60 35.50 42.40 49.29 56.19 63.08 69.98 76.88 83.77 90.67 97.57 Maximum SCFH 150,000 152,546 160,183 251,833 404,582 659,165 913,747 1,168,330 1,422,912 2,186,660 3,204,990 4,223,320 5,241,650 6,259,980 7,278,310 8,296,640 9,314,969 10,333,299 11,351,629 12,369,959 13,388,289 14,406,619 Nm^3/hr 4,248 4,320 4,536 7,131 11,457 18,665 25,874 33.,083 40,292 61,919 90,755 119,591 148,427 177,263 206,099 234,935 263,771 292,606 321,442 350,278 379,114 407,950 Minimum SCFH 7,500 7,563 7,750 9,718 12,317 15,722 18,511 20,931 23,099 28,635 34,668 39,796 44,335 48,451 52,243 55,778 59,102 62,249 65,244 68,108 70,856 73,501 Nm^3/hr 212.4 214.2 219.5 275.2 348.8 445.2 524.2 592.7 654.1 810.9 981.7 1,126.9 1,255.4 1,372.0 1,479.4 1,579.5 1,673.6 1,762.7 1,847.5 1,928.6 2,006.4 2,081.3 Turndown Ratio 20:1 20:1 21:1 26:1 33:1 42:1 49:1 56:1 62:1 76:1 92:1 106:1 118:1 129:1 139:1 149:1 158:1 166:1 174:1 182:1 189:1 196:1 Approx. Maximum Pressure Drop IWC 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.8 4.5 7.3 10.1 13.0 15.8 24.3 35.6 46.9 58.2 69.5 80.8 92.1 103.5 114.8 126.1 137.4 148.7 160.0 millibars 4.1 4.2 4.4 7.0 11.2 18.2 25.3 32.3 39.4 60.5 88.7 116.8 145.0 173.2 201.3 229.5 257.7 285.9 314.0 342.2 370.4 398.5

The above table is based on standard conditions of 14.73 Psia and 60F for 0.60 specific gravity gas. Supercompressibility not included.

Standard Gas Turbine Meter Dimensional Information (inches)


ANSI Class 125 150

Work Pres. (PSIG) 175 285 740 1480 2220

Bolt Circle Diameter 7 1/2 7 1/2 7 7/8 8 1/2 9 1/4

Flange Bolt Holes No. Diameter 1/2 3/4 7/8 1 1 1/4

Approx. Weight (Lbs.) 38 125 130 160 260

9 9 10 10 3/4 11 1/2

14 15 1/2 15 1/2 15 1/2 17 1/2

17 5/8 17 5/8 17 5/8 17 5/8 18 3/8

? 1/16 1/16 1/4 1/4

8 8 8 8 8


300 600 900


ANSI Class 125 150

Work Pres. (PSIG) 175 285 740 1480 2220

Bolt Circle Diameter 9 1/2 9 1/2 10 5/8 11 1/2 12 1/2

Flange Bolt Holes No. Diameter 5/8 7/8 7/8 1 1/8 1 1/4

Approx. Weight (Lbs.) 76 270 280 365 450

11 11 12 1/2 14 15

16 22 1/2 22 1/2 22 1/2 24

19 3/8 19 3/8 19 3/8 19 3/8 20 1/4

? 1/16 1/16 1/4 1/4

8 8 12 12 12


300 600 900


ANSI Class 125 150

Work Pres. (PSIG) 175 285

Bolt Circle Diameter 12 3/8 11 3/4

Flange Bolt Holes No. Diameter 3/4 7/8

Approx. Weight (Lbs.) 137 530

13 1/2 13 1/2

21 27 1/4

19 5/8 19 5/8

? 1/16

8 8


300 600 900

740 1480 2220

15 16 1/2 18 1/2

27 1/4 27 1/4 27 1/4

19 5/8 20 5/8 21 5/8

1/16 1/4 1/4

13 13 3/4 15 1/2

12 12 12

1 1 1/4 1 1/2

550 625 850


ANSI Class 150

Work Pres. (PSIG) 285 740 1480

Bolt Circle Diameter 17 17 3/4 19 1/4

Flange Bolt Holes No. Diameter 1 1 1/4 1 3/8

Approx. Weight (Lbs.) 605 730 1100

19 20 1/2 22

36 36 36

23 7/8 24 3/8 25

1/16 1/16 1/4

12 16 20


300 600

Standard Gas Turbine Meter Dimensional Information (Millimeters)


ANSI Class 125

Work Pres. (kPa.) 1200 1900 5000 10,000 15,300


Bolt Circle* Diameter 190.5 190.5 200.0 216.0 235

Flange Bolt Holes* No. Diameter M18 M18 M20 M24 M30

Approx. Weight (kg.) 17 57 59 73 118

280 280 255 275 295

355 394 394 394 444

447 447 447 447 466

? 1.59 1.59 6.35 6.35

8 8 8 8 8

100mm 4"

150 300 600 900


ANSI Class 125

Work Pres. (kPa.) 1200 1900 5000 10,000 15,300


Bolt Circle* Diameter 241.5 241.5 270.0 292.0 317.5

Flange Bolt Holes* No. Diameter M20 M20 M20 M27 M30

Approx. Weight (kg.) 35 123 127 166 204

280 280 320 355 380

407 572 572 572 610

340 340 340 340 514

? 1.59 1.59 6.35 6.35

8 8 12 12 12

150mm 6"

150 300 600 900


ANSI Class 125

Work Pres. (kPa.) 1200 1900 5000


Bolt Circle* Diameter 298.5 298.5 330.0

Flange Bolt Holes* No. Diameter M20 M20 M24

Approx. Weight (kg.) 62 240 250

345 345 380

533 692 692

499 499 499

? 1.59 1.59

8 8 12

200mm 8"

150 300

600 900

10,000 15,300

420 470

692 692

514 549

6.35 6.35

349.0 393.5

12 12

M30 M36

284 386


ANSI Class 150 300 600

Work Pres. (kPa.) 1900 5000 10,000


Bolt Circle* Diameter 432 451 489

Flange Bolt Holes* No. Diameter M24 M30 M33

Approx. Weight (kg.) 274 331 499

300mm 12"

485 520 560

914 914 914

606 619 635

1.59 1.59 6.35

12 16 20

Parts List

PARTS LIST A Housing Body B Cover Plate C Internal Housing D External Oiler E Pin Boss Spacer F Coil Tube Fitting G Pressure Tap Plug H Rotor Hub J Rotor K Bearings L Magnet Housing w/Magnets

M Drain Plug N Shaft Coil Housing O Coil Cover Tube Assembly P Spring Plunger Q Flow Deflector R Swagelok Tube Fitting

Preamplifiers and Transmitters

Note: Detailed information and drawings can be found in the Preamplifier section
MODEL 1816 SIGNAL PREAMPLIFIER The Daniel Model 1816 Preamplifier is a 3-wire device which transmits up to 5,000 feet. Connections are "Power +," "Power -" (supplied from the readout device) and "Signal." The Model 1816 has its own regulator, operates with any DC voltage greater than 19 volts and less than 40 volts, and is insensitive to pipeline vibrations and electrical "noise." All Daniel Gas Turbine Meters are equipped with a Model 1816 Preamplifier unless they are used in conjunction with the Model MRT-94 Flow Rate Totalizer, or the Model 1803 Factoring/Readout Totalizer. The Model 2482 Solarflow Plus uses the Model 1882 listed below. MODEL 1882 SIGNAL PREAMPLIFIER The Daniel Model 1882 Preamplifier is identical in physical layout and hook up to the 1816 Preamplifier except that it requires much lower pressure (5-9 volts). The Model 1882 is used exclusively with the Model 2482 Solarflow Plus. (Remove capacitors C21 and C22.) MODEL 2415 B PREAMPLIFIER Cenelec approved, intrinsically safe preamplifiers. MODEL 224 STATIC PRESSURE TRANSDUCER Four-wire transducer uses a bonded meter foil strain gage, intended to use with Solarflow instruments only. Available for pressure ranges from 0-25 psig to 0-500 psig. Accuracy to 0.25%. MODEL 1151 GP STATIC PRESSURE TRANSMITTER This transmitter is compatible with 2-wire systems, has external span and zero adjustments, and features explosion-proof, weatherproof construction. The unit ranges from 5 in. H20 to 2,500 psig and is impervious to vibration. It has an accuracy of 0.25. MODEL 415 TEMPERATURE TRANSMITTER 2-wire transmitter uses a platinum element in a Wheatstone Bridge circuit. Unit has removable electronics and explosion proof cap, accuracy of 0.05% full scale. MODEL 400 LP TEMPERATURE TRANSDUCER This transducer uses a 500 ohm platinum element in a special low power consumption bridge circuit. The 400 LP is intended for use with Solarflow and 2270 Series instruments only.

Standard Preamplifiers Universal Preamplifier, Data Sheet, (pdf format, 76k)

Preamplifiers Brochure

Benefits of a Preamplifier Model Numbers/Specifications Wiring Diagrams 1815A Multiplying Preamplifier for Liquid 1816 for Gas Turbine Meters 1817X1 and 1817X2 for (LowTemp) Bi-Directional Liquid 1818A and 1818AX2 for (Low Temp) Liquid 1818MG for Mini Gas Turbine Meter 1819A for High Resolution Liquid 1882 for SolarFlow Plus Model 2482, Gas Turbine Meter Go directly to the Product Discussion forum for this product.

Benefits of a Preamplifier
A turbine metering system will usually consist of several elements--the turbine meter, the readout instrument, and the interconnecting cable (when the readout instrument is not directly mounted on the meter). The interconnecting cable may be as short as 2 of 3 feet (approx. 1 meter) or as long as 5,000 feet (approx. 1500 meters), using Belden 8770 or 9460 Type Cable terminated into Daniel equipment. A turbine meter pickup coil with the sensitivity to provide an accurate pickup of turbine rotor travel has the electrical characteristics of high impedance and low voltage output. But, electrical noise-free pulse transmission requires the opposite low impedance and high voltage. This is the function of the signal preamplifier. Located only inches (millimeters) from the coil, it amplifies and strengthens the turbine meter output for reliable connection to various readout instruments.

Model Numbers/Specifications
MODEL NUMBERS Available with or without Explosion Proof Enclosure
Preamplifier Model No. Measurement Service Number of Inputs (pickup coils) Pickup Coil Number Weight (Approximate) Mounting 1815A* Hi Resolution Liquid 1 PC-13-74G 12 oz. 340 gm. 2 Screws 4-40 x 1 1/4 BHMS 15V to 30V dc 10 mA dc 0 to 160 (-17 to 71) 1816 Gas 1 Part of Gas Meter 8 oz. 230 gm. 2 Screws 4-40 x 1 1/4 BHMS 12V to 15V dc or 19V to 40V dc 20 mA dc 0 to 140 (-17 to 60) 1817X1 1817X2 Bi-directional Liquid 2 PC-13-74G 8 oz. 230 gm. 2 Screws 4-40 x 1 1/4 BHMS 12V to 15V dc 30 mA dc 1817X1: 0 to 160 (-17 to 71) 1817X2 -40 to 160 (-40 to 71) 50 ohms Square Wave 11V to 14V 27 mV 1818A 1818AX2 General Purpose Liquid 1 PC-13-74G 8 oz. 230 gm. 2 Screws 4-40 x 1 1/4 BHMS 15V to 30V dc 10 mA dc 1818A: 0 to 160 (-17 to 71) 1818AX2 -40 to 160 (-40 to 71) 330 ohms Square Wave 12V 27 mV 1818MG Mini Gas Meter 1 Part of Gas Meter 8 oz. 230 gm. 2 Screws 4-40 x 1 1/4 BHMS 15V to 30V dc 10 mA dc 0 to 160 (-17 to 71) 1819-4 Hi Resolution Liquid 2 PC-13-74G 12 oz. 340 gm. 2 Screws 4-40 x 1 1/4 BHMS 15V to 30V dc 10 mA dc 0 to 160 (-17 to 71) 1882 Gas Model 2482 Only 1 Part of Gas Meter 8 oz. 230 gm. 2 Screws 4-40 x 1 1/4 BHMS 5-9 VDC 2 mA dc -20 to 160 (-30 to 71)

Input Voltage Input Current Temperature Range F (C)

Frequency Response Output Impedance Output Voltage Fdc referenced to common Input Sensitivity mV rms

10 Hz to 1500 Hz 300 ohms Square Wave 12V 27 mV

1 Hz to 1500 Hz 330 ohms Square Wave 1.5V to 13.5V 1.25 mV minimum

10 Hz to 1500 Hz 10 Hz to 1600 Hz

10 Hz to 510 Hz 330 ohms Square Wave 12V 4 mV minimum

30 Hz to 1200 Hz 300 ohms Square Wave 12V 27 mV

1 Hz to 5000 Hz 100 ohms Square Wave 6V

5 mV

*Not to be used with 24" or 4" rim type PT meters.

Model 1815A Multiplying Preamplifier


Model 1816 Gas Turbine Meter Preamplifier

Model 1816 Gas Turbine Meter Preamplifier This unit is used with Daniel Gas Turbine Meters which require electrical output. A unique integrated circuit converts rotor velocity to rotor position so that the electrical output is immune to pipleline vibration and mechanical noise. The preamplifier has a broad dynamic range to match the wide flow range a gas turbine meter can measure.


Model 1817X1 & 1817X2 (Low Temp) Bi-Directional Preamplifier

Model 1817X1 &1817X2 (Low Temp) Bi-Directional Preamplifier. This preamplifier is used with bi-directional liquid flow turbine meters and requires two pickup coils mounted on the meter 90 electrical degrees apart. The preamplifier has three outputs: output pin D pulses only when flow is from one direction; output pin E pulses only when flow is from the opposite direction; convenience pin F outputs a steady dc voltage, + 12v dc or OV dc, depending upon the direction of flow.


Model 1818A & 1818AX2 (Low Temp) Liquid Turbine Meter Preamplifier
Model 1818A & 1818AX2 (Low Temp) Liquid Turbine Meter Preamplifier. This unit is suitable for general purpose liquid measurement, using Daniel "PT" or "CR" Meters. It will function with any turbine meter whose pickup coil meets the electrical input requirements. The preamplifier will accept input power from 15 to 30 volts and deliver a signal swing of 12 volts. It has dc isolation from the pickup coil, making it suitable for use with cathodic protection systems. DIMENSIONS AND WIRING

Model 1818MG Mini Gas Meter Preamplifier


Model 1819-A Hi-Resolution Preamplifier

Model 1819-4 Hi-Resolution Preamplifier. This unit is used with Daniel "PT" Meters and requires two pickup coils mounted 90 electrical degrees apart. The preamplifier has two outputs, XI and X2. XI operates at the pulse rate of the primary pickup coil A. X2 is the sum of the A coil and the B coil. An internal circuit detects a coil open circuit and shuts down the X2 output. The Model 1819-4 has dc isolation from the pickup coils, making it suitable for use on cathodically protected systems. When used as a signal comparator, a failure of either coil, open circuited or shorted, can be detected and alarmed. DIMENSIONS AND WIRING

Model 1882 Gas Turbine Meter Preamplifier for Solarflow-Plus Model 2482
Model 1882 Gas Turbine Meter Preamplifier for Solarflow-Plus Model 2482 This preamplifier is used with Daniel Gas Turbine Meters that are supplied with Model 2482 Solarflow-Plus Battery Powered RTU's. The Model 1882 is an ultra low power preamplifier that is powered by the Model 2482. The Model 1882 is identical in physical appearance and hook up to the Model 1816 and is for use only with Daniel Gas Turbine Meter Model 2480 Measurement Systems. DIMENSIONS AND WIRING For dimensions and wiring, see Model 1816 Gas Turbine Meter Preamplifier



March 31, 1998

Daniel Measurement and Control P.O.Box 19097 Houston, TX 77224 (713) 467-6000

Daniel Measurement and Control


The Weston Technology Universal Preamplifier (Preamp) converts the low level signal from a turbine meter inductive pickup to high level pulses. It is distinguished by the following features: Tailored Frequency Response The sensitivity of the Preamp rolls off as frequency increases, matching the characteristic output of a turbine meter with inductive pickup. High sensitivity at low frequencies allows the turbine meter to operate at its lowest possible flow rates. Reduced sensitivity at high frequencies prevents spurious counting due to RFI and transients. Common Mode Rejection The Preamp employs a differential amplifier, which responds only to differences between the COIL+ and COIL- wires. Spurious signals such as 60Hz, RFI, or transients typically appear on both wires as common mode signals. The Preamp is hundreds of times less sensitive to common mode signals than to the normal mode signals produced by the meter. Dual Outputs With its dual outputs, the Preamp works with virtually any end device. One output swings from 0V to 5V regardless of the power supply voltage, and is suited for most inputs with thresholds of 4V or less. An open collector output swings from 0V to any available power supply voltage up to 36V, sinking up to 50mA. Wide Power Supply Range, Low Power Operation The Preamp operates with any power supply voltage from 5.4 to 36V and requires less than 1mA. It can be added to virtually any system without special power conditioning, and typically with no impact on power system requirements. Bullet-Proof I/O The Preamp tolerates continuous short circuits to ground or up to 36V on any field wiring terminal without damage. All field wiring terminals are protected against ESD (electrostatic discharge) and transients. Rugged and Convenient Packaging The Preamp is fully encapsulated in a compact package suitable for mounting on a panel or in a standard 3 ID explosion-proof housing. Pluggable cage-clamp type connectors allow convenient, reliable connections without the need for lugs. Terminals are labeled with signal names to simplify installation.



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Daniel Measurement and Control


The Preamp has six field wiring terminals, designated as follows:

1 2 3 4 5 6


Power supply input (5.4 to 36VDC) Power supply and signal return Signal output which swings from 0V to 5V Open collector output which swings from 0V to a pullup voltage Connects to one side of the pickup coil Connects to the other side of the pickup coil. If polarity is not indicated for the coil, COIL+ and COIL- are interchangeable.

Field wiring connects to a pluggable cage-clamp type connector. The connector accepts wire sizes from 24AWG to 14AWG, with a recommended strip length of . The Preamp conditions the low-level output of the meter/pickup coil and produces a corresponding high-level output for an end device (the end device is a readout, flow computer, PLC, or other device which acquires the meter output). Where possible, the Preamp should be located close to the meter. Use twisted-pair wiring if the cable between the pickup coil and Preamp is longer than a few feet. Do not run the pickup coil wiring together with other wiring which may cause interference, such as 120VAC or signals which switch high voltage or current levels. Refer to section 3 of this document for installations where high levels of EMI (electromagnetic interference) may be present. There are two basic wiring configurations used between the Preamp and the end device. Figure 1 below shows the preferred configuration, using the Preamp 0-5V output. In this configuration, the end device receives a signal which swings nominally from 0V to 5VDC. Use this configuration if the end device has a threshold of 4.2V or less and input current of 0.5mA or less. The 0-5V output is preferred because it is simpler to use and dissipates less power.



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Daniel Measurement and Control




0-5 OUT MAX 0.5mA






Figure 1: 0-5V Output Wiring The 0-5V output is not suitable if the end device has a threshold greater than 4.2V and/or its input current exceeds 0.5mA. Figure 2 below shows an alternate field wiring configuration, using the Preamp OC (open-collector) output. This output is actually driven by a FET (Field Effect Transistor), and is properly called an open-drain configuration. Because the Preamp output works the same as an open collector output, the more familiar term is used. This output swings between 0V and a pullup voltage.

P O W E R ( 5.4 TO 36VDC) COMMON











Figure 2: OC Output The OC OUT FET is turned on when the 0-5V output is at the 5V level. When the FET is turned on, OC OUT is connected to COMMON through a resistance of less than 10 ohms. When the FET is turned off (0-5V output at the 0V level), OC OUT is essentially an open circuit. A single power supply can provide both power and the pullup voltage. Note that while the pullup voltage has the same range as the power supply voltage, the two do not have to be the same. For example, the power supply may be 12V and the pullup voltage 24V, or vice-versa.



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Daniel Measurement and Control


2.1 Choosing a Pullup Resistor

A pullup resistor is required when using the OC output. A 2K ohm, 3W resistor will serve most applications. Some rudimentary analysis is necessary to identify the optimum resistor for a given application. A qualified engineer or technician should review the selection to ensure compliance with Preamp and end device specifications. The OC output is conservatively rated to sink a maximum of 50mA. This sets a lower limit on the pullup resistor value versus the power supply voltage, as illustrated in Figure 3 below.
800 Minimum Pullup Resistor Value (ohms) 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0
6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36 Maximum Pullup Voltage (V)

2.0 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 Pullup Resistor Power Dissipation (W)

Figure 3: Pullup Resistor Parameters The right axis in Figure 3 shows the power dissipation through the pullup resistor. Locate the resistance value on the left axis then find the corresponding power dissipation directly across from the resistance value. For example, at 24V the minimum pullup resistor value is 480 ohms and the power dissipation is 1.2W. The pullup resistor should be rated for at least 2-3 times this value. Normal power dissipation averages half the indicated value when the output is switching, but if the meter stops turning or is disconnected, the OC output may remain in a state where dissipation is continuous. A practical upper limit on the pullup resistor value is dictated by output rise time. When the FET turns off, the pullup resistor causes OC OUT to rise toward the pullup voltage. Rise time is how long it takes for OC OUT to go from 10% to 90% of the pullup voltage after the FET turns off. The corresponding value, fall time, measures the time for OC OUT to go from 90% to 10% of the pullup voltage when the FET turns on. Fall time is always much less than rise time, and is not affected by the pullup resistor value. For most applications, rise time depends on the pullup resistor value, cable length, and end device input capacitance. An end device input designed to accept high-speed
REVISION 1.1 3/31/98 Page 5 of 13

Daniel Measurement and Control


signals (up to 5KHz for the Preamp) typically has negligible input capacitance. Figure 4 predicts the approximate rise time versus cable length with a 2K ohm pullup resistor, excluding end device input capacitance.

250 225 200 Rise Time (uS) 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

Cable Length (ft)

Figure 4: Rise Time vs. Cable Length (2K Pullup) Every 6nF of end device input capacitance is equivalent to 100 feet of additional cable length when using Figure 4. For pullup resistor values other than 2K ohms, or for cable lengths not shown in the chart, use the following formula: tR = 0.12 * R * L where tR is the predicted rise time in uS R is the pullup resistor value in K ohms L is the cable length in feet The maximum acceptable rise time depends on the end device input characteristics and the highest expected signal frequency. Consult the end device documentation to determine if a maximum rise time is specified for the input used with OC OUT.

The maximum rise time allowed should be the lesser of 1) the end device rating, and 2) the value given by the following calculation:



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Daniel Measurement and Control


tMAX = 0.3 / f where tMAX is the maximum acceptable rise time in S f is the maximum turbine meter output frequency in Hz For example, if the maximum frequency expected from the meter is 4KHz, the rise time should not exceed 0.3 / 4000 = 75uS. Referring to Figure 4, we see that the maximum cable length for 75uS rise time with a 2K pullup is about 300 feet. If we need to use 1000 feet of cable, we can calculate the required pullup resistance using the following formula: RP = 2 * L1 / L2 where RP is the new pullup value in K ohms L1 is the length from Figure 4 L2 the desired length From the above formula, we determine that RP = 2 * 300 feet / 1000 feet = 0.6K or 600 ohms. We refer to Figure 3 and determine that the maximum allowable pullup voltage with a 600 ohm resistor is 30V. If our application uses a pullup voltage of 12V, the power dissipation of the pullup resistor is E2 / R = 122 / 600 = 0.24W. A 600 ohm 1W pullup resistor is a conservative choice. Average power dissipation of the pullup resistor during operation will be 0.24W / 2, or 0.12W.



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Daniel Measurement and Control


Mount the Preamp inside a building or enclosure where it is not directly exposed to weather, as close as practical to the meter. If the Preamp will be exposed to significant sources of EMI, such as high-powered mobile radios or other nearby transmitters, the Preamp should be installed in a junction box which is mounted directly on the turbine meter as shown in Figure 5 below.

Figure 5: Recommended Mounting All wiring to the end device (PWR, GND, and 0-5 OUT or OC OUT) should be routed through conduit in environments where high levels of EMI are expected.



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Daniel Measurement and Control


Figure 6 below shows front and top views of the Preamp, approximately actual size.




1.50 PWR GND 0-5 OUT OC OUT COIL+ COIL 0.12 ID 2 PLCS 0.75



Figure 6: Dimensions The Preamp is designed to fit in a standard 3 ID explosion-proof housing, with or without a mounting bracket.



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Daniel Measurement and Control


All specifications apply over the operating temperature range unless otherwise indicated.

4.1 Power Supply

The Preamp requires a DC power source to operate. The power supply positive output connects to the PWR terminal on the Preamp. The power supply return connects to the Preamp COMMON terminal. The COMMON terminal serves as a return path for power, 0-5 OUT, and OC OUT. Power Supply Voltage (DC, operating) Power Supply Current 5.4V min 36V max 0.7mA typ 1mA max

4.2 Coil Input

The two pickup coil leads connect to the Preamp COIL+ and COIL- terminals. The coil may have a third lead, typically connected to the coil housing. Do not connect this lead to the Preamp. The coil leads are interchangeable. Each coil input tolerates up to 36V relative to COMMON. The total voltage between COIL+ and COIL- should not exceed 36V. Refer to Section 4.5 for a discussion of the coil input frequency response.

4.3 0 to 5V Output
The 0-5 OUT terminal swings between 0V and 5V nominally, at the same rate as the signal from the pickup coil. If no signal is present at the coil input, the output is stable at either 0V or 5V. 0-5 OUT Voltage (low) 0-5 OUT Voltage (high) 0V min 0.5V max 5.0V typ (no load) 4.8V typ (0.5mA load) 4.2V min 5.5V max 0.5mA max -0.5mA max

0-5 OUT Current (low) 0-5 OUT Current (high)

If 0-5 OUT is connected to a power source due to a wiring error, the output may sink several amps for a few milliseconds before the protection circuit activates. After a few milliseconds, if the fault is still present, 0-5 OUT will stabilize at about 20mA. The output returns to normal operation within seconds after the fault is removed.



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Daniel Measurement and Control


4.4 Open Collector Output

The OC OUT terminal actually uses an open-drain configured FET (Field Effect Transistor). When 0-5 OUT is high, the FET is turned on, and when 0-5V is low, the FET is turned off. OC OUT Leakage OC OUT Resistance (on) OC OUT Pullup Voltage OC OUT Pullup Current < 10uA typ 0.1mA max 5 ohms typ (25 C) 10 ohms max 36V max 50mA max

OC OUT should connect to a power source through a pullup resistor. The resistor value must be selected to limit pullup current to 50mA or less. Refer to Section 2.1 for information about choosing a pullup resistor. If OC OUT is connected directly to a power source due to a wiring error, the output may sink several amps for a few milliseconds before the protection circuit activates. After the protection circuit activates, if the fault is still present, OC OUT will stabilize at about 20mA. The output returns to normal operation within seconds after the fault is removed.

4.5 Frequency Response

The output of the turbine meter pickup coil is approximately a sine wave. For a given frequency, the turbine meter output must reach a minimum amplitude in order for the Preamp to respond accurately. If the signal is below this minimum amplitude, the Preamp may not respond at all, or it may drop pulses on its output. If the signal equals or exceeds this minimum amplitude, the Preamp output will correspond to the input signal. Figure 7 shows the minimum input amplitude versus frequency for the Preamp. The curve is produced by a simple formula: Amplitude = (0.06 * Frequency) + 1. Amplitude is expressed in mVrms, and frequency is expressed in Hertz.



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Daniel Measurement and Control


1000.0 Minimum Amplitude (mV rms)



1.0 1 10 100 Frequency (Hz) 1000 10000

Figure 7: Frequency Response

Operating temperature -40 to +70 C range Operating humidity range 5% to 95% RH non condensing Transient susceptibility All field connected circuits are designed to meet the requirements of ANSI/IEEE C37.90.1-1989 (formerly IEEE 472) for surge withstand capability. 10 to 500 Hz at 1 g on any axis per SAMA PMC31-1 without damage or impairment. Field connected circuits are designed to meet the requirements of IEC 801-2 for ESD withstand capability up to 10KV. Designed to meet the susceptibility requirements of IEC 801-3 level 2 (3V/M) from 500KHz to 500MHz when installed per section 3 of this document. Designed to meet FCC Rules Part J, Subpart 15, Class A for radiated emissions.

Vibration Effect

ESD susceptibility

EMI compatibility



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Daniel Measurement and Control


Hazardous locations

Designed to meet NFPA and UL requirements for installation in Class I, Divisions 1 and 2, Groups C & D hazardous locations. Designed to fit in commonly available explosionproof junction boxes.

While the Preamp itself is designed to meet the requirements for both nonincendive and intrinsically safe installations, it is the responsibility of the user to ensure that the combination of pickup coil, Preamp, end device, power supply, and wiring is suitable for the location. The total Preamp capacitance is 70uF. It has no inductive components and no internal power sources. There is no significant temperature rise during normal operation.



Page 13 of 13

Length of Meter Tubes

LENGTH OF METER TUBES Gas turbine meter tubes can be supplied with any type of line connection, in special materials, and in any specified length. Illustrated are a two-section meter tube with a line model straightening vane and one with a flange model vane. The flange model vane is recommended as it can be easily removed for inspection; and, by using the flanged tube with the spacer and jackscrews, the meter also can be easily removed from the line. Beveled outer ends are standard but other connections can be supplied. NOTE: Daniel recommends installation of strainers upstream of the meter. Nominal Line Size ANSI Class 125 150 4" 300 600 900 125 150 6" 300 600 900 125 150 8" 300 600 900 150 12" 300 600 Dimension U 3'-10" 3'-8 1/2" 3'-8 1/2" 3'-8 1/2" 3'-6 1/2" 5'-8" 5'-1 1/2" 5'-1 1/2" 5'-1 1/2" 5'-0" 7'-1/4" 6'-8 3/4" 6'-8 3/4" 6'-8 3/4" 6'-8 3/4" 10'-0" 10'-0" 10'-0" Dimension A 1'-2" 1'-3 1/2" 1'-3 1/2" 1'-3 1/2" 1'-5 1/2" 1'-4" 1'-10 1/2" 1'-10 1/2" 1'-10 1/2" 2'-0" 1'-9" 2'-3 1/4" 2'-3 1/4" 2'-3 1/4" 2'-3 1/4" 3'-0" 3'-0" 3'-0" Dimension D 2'-0" 2'-0" 2'-0" 2'-0" 2'-0" 3'-0" 3'-0" 3'-0" 3'-0" 3'-0" 4'-0" 4'-0" 4'-0" 4'-0" 4'-0" 5'-0" 5'-0" 5'-0" Dimension OA 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 7'-0" 10'-0" 10'-0" 10'-0" 10'-0" 10'-0" 13'-0" 13'-0" 13'-0" 13'-0" 13'-0" 18'-0" 18'-0" 18'-0"

Alignment of Meter Tubes

THE DANIEL METHOD OF ALIGNING METER TUBES Accurate measurement demands proper alignment of turbine meter flanges with meter tube flanges. Proper alignment throughout the metering section will prevent offsets, steps, and gasket protrusion into the bore, all of which could disturb the flow pattern. On all meters and tubes with raised face flanges, Daniel drills three knock-out dowel pin holes in each flange to aid in alignment. After bolt-up, dowel pins should be removed and the holes packed with grease.

Recommended Piping Layouts


Maximum accuracy of a turbine meter requires that the fluid stream be free of rotational components. For best results, it is recommended that the meter be equipped with adequate upstream fluid straightening devices. Flow control valves should be located downstream of the meter. Test results have shown that the normal installation ("A" above) is suitable for most installations encountered in meter station designs. The use of straightening vanes is recommended and they should be installed at a minimum of five pipe diameters upstream of the turbine meter inlet. For maximum accuracy in uncertain installations ("B" above), meter tube lengths as recommended in the AGA Gas Measurement Committee Report No. 7 for turbine meters will provide a safe standard. Both installations recommend the use of a critical flow control orifice. This orifice provides a controlling restriction for the gas turbine meter, limiting its possible overrange to approximately 25% over maximum rating. NOTE: A critical flow control orifice creates a high differential pressure resulting in 50% permanent pressure loss at 25% over maximum operating range of the turbine meter.

Strainers (Cone and Basket)

STRAINERS (Cone and Basket) Daniel offers Cone-type Strainers which are installed in the spool section upstream of the meter tube. These strainers are designed to catch heavy particles in the flow line and have 1/8" diameter perforations on 3/16" centers. Daniel also offers a Basket-type Strainer which allows ease of access during maintenance. These strainers are installed adjacent to the spool section upstream of the meter tube and are available in all ratings.

Flow Computing Systems



Gas Flow Instrumentation

THE 2500 SERIES RTU The 2500 Series RTU is a line powered instrument for measuring status and control. The 2500 is user configurable to perform the functions required for flow measurement applications in addition to a variety of process applications.

Check out our NEW 2500 Turbo Upgrade-486/100Mhz

The 2500 Series is compatible with most process flow-meter and transmitter inputs and provides for configuring, reporting, and host computer communications. The 2500 can provide AGA 3 (API 2530), ISO 5167, AGA 5, AGA 7, API 1101, and API 2534 flow and totalizer functions. It also has an extensive set of compensation and signal processing subroutines to linearize, compensate, integrate, totalize, control, batch, and log. The CONFIG 25 program--which runs on an IBM PC or IBM-compatible computer--allows an engineer or technician who understands an application and is familiar with programming techniques to define the configuration of the 2500 Series. Additionally, the instrument can be used independently or combined with other intelligent Daniel instruments in systems applications. RATE AND TOTAL FLOW The Model 2235 FLOWMASTER computer is designed for natural gas measurement. It features single-chip microprocessor design and uses digital techniques for gas measurement. The Model 2235 features alphanumeric display, nonvolatile memory, power-up memory check, and watchdog timer. The operator uses front panel switches to enter key operational parameters in a conversational mode. During operation, the operator can display any variable with no interruption to the computer. During the calibration of transducers, measurement still continues. Before calibration of the transducer, the operator reads its output and enters this value into the computer via the front panel keyboard. The Model 2235 uses this fixed value in the measurement process until the transducer is calibrated and returned on line. BATTERY POWERED INSTRUMENTS

Flow Totalization. The MRT-94 provides flow rate and totalization. Battery powered, operator configurable, pulse output, 4-20 MA output, security lock out code, 10 point linearization, explosion proof housing. Ideal for demanding locations.

Model 2480 Solarflow Plus. The Solarflow Plus is a battery powered solar charged single tube RTU for the measurement of natural gas, via one impulse type meter. The Model 2480 uses AGA 7 and NX 19 calculations, along with 1/2 second transmitter sampling, and flow extension calculations to provide the highest measurement accuracy available. Up to 35 days of data can be stored or transmitted for reporting, via the hand held data terminal, telephone, radio, satellite, or fiber optic links. Audit trail, data editing, and as frequent as five minute data averaging is available.


Flow Computers Brochures

Series 3000 SolarFlow Plus Computer 2500 Turbo Flow Computer

Series 3000 Flow Computer and RTU Communication System

1998 Daniel Measurement and Control

The Series 3000 system is designed to handle a multitude of applications. From Orifice to Ultrasonics, this RTU has no equal. Perfect for Solar Power:
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Compressor Monitoring Pipeline Leak Detection Storage Fields (Bidirectional using a single Smart P/DP) Single Tube AGA3 - Expandable to 3 Tubes Single Tube AGA7 - Expandable to 3 Tubes

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Ultrasonic Digital Interface AGA 9 Gas Ultrasonics (Full Digital or Pulse Interface) Liquid Measurement (Ethylene) RTU Configurations The 3000 can used for orifice or pulse type applications, while the 3405 has been emphasized to handle gas ultrasonic meters. Each model retains the same circuit boards, only the flash program memory is unique. Custom Applications are exactly what this RTU was designed for! Communications are available with : Licensed Radio Spread Spectrum Radio LEO (Low Earth Orbit Satellite Radio) Cellular Radio Dial-Up Land Line Modems Cellular Telephone CDPD Radio and more........

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Compressor Monitoring Package ...Just Specify your Application... From Onshore to Offshore environments, Just ask for a custom program or do it yourself with our spreadsheet style programming tool. Communications are easily configured with a front entry universal mounting panel. The field I/O wiring can be left untouched in the event of a com. problem or upgrade to a different system. Solar Systems are available from 10 to 120 watts of charging power. All hardware needed for a complete installation is included.

Dual 100 AH Battery Enclosure for Adverse Environments

Series 3405
Ultrasonic Meter Interface This Ultrasonic Interface Series includes the different types of ultrasonic measurement configurations: 3401 - Single Path Bi-directional Ultrasonic Application 3402 - Two Path Bi-directional Ultrasonic Application 3404 - Four Path Bi-directional Ultrasonic Application The Series 3405 supports a local parallel interface port to perform initial unit configuration, periodic transmitter calibration, flow parameter changes, alarm settings and historical data retrieval. Once configured, ultrasonic meter configuration, alarms, diagnostics and flow parameters may be retrieved from a host or local computer. All instantaneous and historical data items are available for retrieval by the host or local computer. Two RS-232 ports are available; one port connects to the ultrasonic meter, while the other can be used for remote data acquisition or to another RTU/flow computer device. An I/O card provides optical isolated field wiring termination for the frequency and status outputs. Eight analog, four digital and two RTD inputs are available for user defined functions. Additional I/O cards can be added for more RTU type functions or to provide "mirror" signals to another flow computer/data acquisition system.

An Optional Graphics LCD display, viewable through a window on the front of the unit, provides local display of instantaneous and previous day data. A Class I, Division 1 hazardous location approval for the Series 3405 is available (Standard Configuration is for General Purpose Use Only). This U.L./C SA listing includes both systems and entity approvals. Remote communications (radio, dial-up, cellular, etc.) with a Series 3405 in a Division 1 area is accomplished through the Modem interface Module which mounts in an adjacent non-hazardous area and provides intrinsically safe power and an optically isolated RS-232 interface to the Series 3405. The Series 3405 Provides an RS-232 Modbus link to the Ultrasonic which polls specific data registers for giving a frequency output to other end devices. The frequency output comes from the TYPE 2 IOU card. The frequency is scaled for a maximum of one KHZ with the voltage output being an open collector opto isolated type (max.12mA at 24VDC). The 3405 polls the accumulated volume registers as they become available from the Ultrasonic meter( 4 to 5 seconds). This volume block is broken up as to provide a continuos frequency stream based on a maximum output of 1 Khz. This method is basically a "frequency continuous volume totalizer". Each pulse represents a single uncorrected cubic foot of volume. The capability for applying an output "K factor" will multiply this value to the current output frequency. Volumes can be calculated using AGA7/AGA8 1992 when connected to a pressure and temperature transmitter.

Series 3000
The Series 3000 flow computer is designed to measure and control the flow of natural gas or liquids. Thismeasurement can be from a PD, turbine, or an orifice meter. Current applications can provide single, dual, and triple meter tube configurations. Any 3000 RTU's can be expanded from a single IOU card (I/O termination's)tomultiple cards for much larger installations. The basic single IOU card configuration has two RS-232 serial portsand one parallel port. These communication ports can be configured to bring in data from a gas chromatograph, remote data retrieval, and local operator (technician) use. The Series 3000 is certified by U.L. for use in a Class I, Division 1, Group D hazardous location. Data retrieval, when configured for remote access, can be accomplished by cellular radio, UHF & VHF radio, and Dial-Up land line modems. The 3000 has extremely low power requirements and can operate using solar or AC/DC charging systems. When sizing a communication power system, the 3000 can be connected to the 12VDC battery with only a 40mA drain. This technique reduces initial cost, eliminates a second power system, and simplifies installation and maintenance. Daniel has Series 3000 systems installed from Michigan to Argentina. Most of these systems are solar powered with radio communications. Standard Configuration q NEMA-4X Painted Aluminum Enclosure for 2 inch Pole Mount q (1) PARALLEL & (2) RS-232C Communication Ports q 512 KB Non-volatile RAM & 512 KB Program Memory

q q q q q q q q q

One TYPE 2 I/O Card 8 Analog Inputs (1-5VDC) 4 Status Inputs 2 RTD Inputs 2 Frequency Inputs (0-10Khz) 2 Analog Outputs (1-5VDC) 2 Frequency Outputs (DC to 1Khz) 2 Status Outputs ( Open Collector ) Class I, Division 1 & 2, Group D -- U.L. & CSA Entity Approvals

MAIN CPU CARD Processor: 12 MHZ 80C186 (3 VOLT INTEL) Non-Volatile RAM: 500K expandable to 8 Megabytes (Battery Backed) Program Memory: 500K expandable to 2 Megabytes (FLASH) Back Up Battery: Replaceable Lithium (1Year Continuous/10 Year Shelf) I/O Bus Architecture: I Square C Bus Communication Ports: Modbus ASCII or RTU Protocol 1- Parallel Port for Local Access 1- Remote(Host) RS-232 Serial Port; 19.2K bd Supported 1- Modbus Master RS-232 Serial Port; 9600 bd Supported TYPE 2 I/O CARD Inputs - Analog: q 8 High Level 1 to 5 Vdc ( Transformer Isolated) q 2 RTD inputs; 3 wire 500 Platinum Element q 16 Bit A/D Accuracy Inputs - Digital: q 4 High Level Status or Contact Closure Type Inputs (Optical Isolated) q (IE., Compressor Oil Pressure Alarm) Inputs - Frequency: q 2 High or Low Level (PreAmp Daughter Board) Type; DC to 10 Khz Outputs - Analog: q 2 High Level 1 to 5 Vdc

Outputs - Digital: q 4 Open Collector (Opto-Isolated) q Frequency proportional to uncorrected Rate/Volume or User Definable; Maximum Frequency Update is 1 Khz q 12 mA @ 35 V Transient and Surge Suppression: q Meets or Exceeds IEC 801-2 q Meets or Exceeds ANSI/IEEE C37.90.1 Input Power: q @ 6 to 12 VDC q @ 24 VDC --SAFE AREA USE ONLY -Power ( Typical): 65 mA @ 6 VDC 41 mA @ 12 VDC 25 mA @ 24 VDC Optional Graphics Display: 120 x 64 pixel 8 lines x 20 Characters Size; 6"W x 3.5"H Environmental: q -22 to +158 deg.F (-30 to +70 deg. C) q 5 to 95 % Relative Humidity; Non-Condensing Mechanical: q NEMA 4X Enclosure q 12"W x 12"H x 9.5"D q 13 Gauge Aluminum with Powder Coat Paint q Stainless Steel Latches with Lock Hasp q less than 5 lbs empty Hazardous Classifications: q Class 1 Division 1 Groups C & D, CSA & U.L., ENTITY

Class 1 Division 2 Groups C & D, CSA & U.L.

Power Supply Options: * 6 Vdc Gell Cell Rechargeable, Solar 10 watt Division 1 * 12 Vdc Gell Cell Rechargeable, Solar 24 watt Division 2 * 12 Vdc/110 Vac Float Charging System, Non-Hazardous Communications Options: Low Power 212A Modem; 2400 bd. Dial - Up Communications; Division 2 for Installation inside the Standard Enclosure Optional TYPE 1 I/O CARD Inputs - Analog: q 2 High Level 1 to 5 Vdc ( Transformer Isolated) q 1 RTD inputs; 3 wire 500 Platinum Element q 16 Bit A/D Accuracy q 1 Smart P/DP Transmitter Interface Inputs - Digital: q 4 High Level Status or Contact Closure Type Inputs (Optical Isolated) (IE., Valve Open/Close Status) Outputs - Analog: q 1High Level 1 to 5 Vdc Outputs - Digital: q 4 Open Collector (Opto-Isolated) q Frequency proportional to Rate/Volume or User Definable; Maximum Frequency Update is 1 Khz q 12 mA @ 35 V Digital Flow Measurement

Daniel Measurement and Control Houston, Texas, Telephone: (713) 467-6000, Fax: (713) 827-3880 Larbert, Scotland, Telephone: +44-1324-556111, Fax: +44-1324-562290 OFFICES AND REPRESENTATIVES WORLDWIDE All specifications subject to change without notice as part of a continuing program of product improvement

Solar Flow Computers

Overview Specifications Reports 2480 Overview 2480 Specs Go directly to the Product Discussion Forum for this product

Product Overview
SOLARFLOW PLUS THE BATTERY POWERED RTU Solarflow-Plus: A Battery Powered RTU (Remote Terminal Unit) With Flexible Calculation and Advanced Communication Capabilities When power is unavailable or unreliable, consider a Solarflow-Plus RTU for your flow-measurement system. Replace mechanical circular charts with this versatile microprocessor. Eliminate maintenance costs and calibration problems of mechanical charts. Speed the collection of more accurate data for faster operational control and billing with its flexible capability for interfacing via telephone, cellular telephone, radio, satellite, fiber optics, or other communications media. Built for typical outdoor, remote installations and environmentally tested at the factory, Solarflow-Plus units provide maximum measurement and communications versatility in a cost-effective package. We invite you to examine the additional details in the rest of this brochure about the battery powered RTU for your remote flow measurement and data communication needs. COMMUNICATIONS Solarflow-Plus RTU capabilities match any existing or new communication links. Including speech! Auto-dial alarm callout activates speech synthesizing circuits for verbal reports to the operator via telephone, digitally to a remote printer, or to a central computer. The RTU can also be queried directly from a touch-tone telephone keypad to produce "verbal" response for immediate and easy-to-understand third-party reports. Third-party reports can also be displayed by a "dumb" terminal or printer. Our Daniel specialists can tailor communication protocols to integrate with your existing or planned SCADA systems. Or we can help you design completely new networks. Our optional protocol is Gould Modbus; others can be quickly implemented. The Solarflow-Plus RTU can be integrated into telephone, cellular telephone, radio, satellite, or fiber-optics communication systems. Longitudinal Redundancy Check (LRC-16) techniques assure data integrity to or from a Solarflow-Plus unit. INPUTS One of the important benefits you can enjoy with a Solarflow-Plus system is measurement flexibility to meet your current and future needs. Standard input configurations include:
q q q q

stacked or single DP for orifice parallel orifice triple-run single DP parallel or single turbine or PD meters

with temperature, pressure and specific gravity correction if desired. Nine status inputs are available for monitoring on-site conditions. CALCULATIONS/OUTPUTS AGA 7, AGA 3 and full NX19 calculations are made on-site based on transmitter samples every 1/2 second. Each factor is calculated directly from the AGA equations from every ten seconds to once a minute, depending on the application. These calculations are at a much faster rate than the less accurate hourly updates currently available. The Solarflow-Plus memory stores up to 35 days of hourly data on volume, differential pressure or meter pulses, flowing temperature and alarms. Parameters logged are operator programmable. Solarflow-Plus units can produce a new log every time a critical parameter changes. For example, if an orifice plate is changed, measurements immediately after the change will be accurate rather than having to wait for the next logging period before the new plate diameter is used in calculations. Time, pressure and temperature indices, formerly derived from charts, can be produced thus providing a smooth transition from charts to electronic flow measurement. Solarflow-Plus systems offer complete audit trails plus a wide range of data logging intervals including 5, 15, or 30 minutes and 1, 4, and 24 hours as well as monthly. All data can be quickly, accurately, and reliably transmitted to your central computer via virtually any field communication technique. Similarly, parameter logging intervals and alarms/reports configurations can be quickly downloaded from a host to the Solarflow-Plus RTU. Data transmission is most rapid with a direct link from filed to office. However, you can let a Hand-Held Data Terminal (HHDT) "dump" to a printer or host computer direct or via telephone modem when this format is advantageous for you. Each HHDT can collect up to 35 days of hourly data from up to 7 Solarflow-Plus units, up to 30 with expanded HHDT memory. Even more units can be downloaded if less than 35 days information is required or time intervals are longer than hourly.

SOLARFLOW PLUS OPERATING TEMPERATURES -20 to 160F SAFETY CLASSIFICATION Class I, Groups C & D, Division 1 Intrinsically safe--solar charged General purpose--115 V charged WEIGHT 100 lbs. INPUTS 8 analog (1-5 DC) 9 status 2 pulse (turbine/PD meter) OUTPUTS 9 control, two of which activate relays (10 VA Form A for pulsing samplers) SERIAL OUTPUTS Hand-Held Data Terminal for local data collections, set-up, and calibration RS- 232C for direct, radio, or satellite link to a host TELEPHONE OUTPUT Direct wired with Daniel interface module PROTOCOL Gould Modbus Other protocols available INTEGRAL TRANSIENT/SURGE PROTECTION All inputs and outputs protected ENVIRONMENT Designed and built for outdoor use. Each unit dynamically tested in our environmental chambers with temperature cycled between -20 and +160F. HAND-HELD DATA TERMINAL OPERATING TEMPERATURES

-20 to +160 WEIGHT 1 lb. SAFETY CLASSIFICATION Class 1, Group D, Division 1 Intrinsically safe INPUTS Data received from Solarflow-Plus Operator inputs to set up, calibrate, collect, and print data locally or transmit to a central computer via modem OUTPUTS RS 232C to modem for telephone, or to printer for local report CAPACITY Up to 35 days or hourly records from 7 sites, up to 30 sites with expanded memory--even more if fewer days and/or longer intervals

Communication flexibility complements calculation capability for Solarflow-Plus systems. A Hand-Held Data Terminal allows local data collection. Telephone and radio interfaces allow bidirectional communication. Or use the latest cellular, fiber optics, and satellite communication techniques. Enjoy maximum uptime, data integrity, message security--and complete downloading flexibility. Our staff of communications and software engineers is ready to work with you to select the best communications systems for your needs--whether interfacing with existing systems or designing from "scratch." When reliable data transmission counts, count on Daniel.

CURRENT MEASUREMENT This report is operator programmable for any combination of up to ten fixed-parameters or line process variables. Alarms currently present will be given first. Reports are also available via synthesized speech over a phone line for operator and/or third-party monitoring. If programmed limits are exceeded, an auto-dial modem calls designated telephone numbers and the Solarflow-Plus speech synthesizer provides verbal alarm messages along with the current measurement data. AUDIT TRAIL An Event Log provides the date/time of any alarm, log-on, or parameter change--plate size, for example. Log-on includes operator password to identify who made the change. Values before and after the change are also provided. The Event Log gives you a complete audit trail. AVERAGE DATA FOR TIME INTERVAL A Data Log Lists provides you with date, time, average pressure, differential pressure, flow rate, total volumes and flowing temperatures, and other programmable parameters. A Solarflow-Plus system can log data every 5, 15, or 30 minutes, every 1, 4, or 24 hours, or monthly. You select the interval best suited to your needs with each Solarflow-Plus unit.

Product Overview
SINGLE-TUBE SOLARFLOW-PLUS RTU MODEL 2480 SOLARFLOW-PLUS RTU's are the most widely used, proven, battery-operated family of RTU/Flow Computers in the field worldwide. The Model 2480 is designed for single-tube orifice or turbine/PD meters with mechanical instrument drives and pulsers. It performs custody transfer flow measurement according to the latest AGA 3 and AGA 7 requirements and performs full NX19 calculations. The Model 2480 is packaged in the new "easyclamp" design to simplify installation. In summary, the Model 2480 provides complete flow measurement and data calculation/storage for single tube gas applications. AGA 3 and AGA 7/NX19 calculations are available in both imperial and metric units. Also, the model 2481P is available for premium billing applications. The 2481P provides for operator entry of a supercompressibility matrix.

FIVE ANALOG INPUTS 1. One dedicated input for a Daniel-supplied 500 ohm RTD for temperature measurement. 2. One dedicated input for a Daniel Model 224-series static-pressure transducer. 3. One dedicated input to monitor the battery's state-of-charge. 4. One auxiliary 1-5 VDC input. 5. One 1-5 VDC input for low-power differential pressure transmitter. (A/D conversion resolution 12 bits " 1 bit, temperature coefficient 0.005% per degree F.) STATIC-PRESSURE TRANSDUCER INPUT: q Maximum error--including combined effects of linearity, repeatability, and hysteresis--less than or equal to "0.25% of span.
q q

A/D conversional resolution 12 bits " 1 bit. Temperature error including span and zero errors to be less than or equal to "1% of span per 100F.

TEMPERATURE INPUT: q Designed to operate with a 500 ohm platinum RTD with a designed range of 0 to 150F. q Maximum error--including combined effects of linearity, repeatability, and hysteresis--less than or equal to "0.25% of span.
q q

A/D conversion resolution 12 bits " 1 bit. Temperature coefficient 0.007% per degree F.

PULSE INPUTS: q To be used with a PD meter pulser or turbine with a mechanical instrument drive and pulser with dry, isolated contact closure. Maximum frequency 50 Hz. STATUS INPUTS: q Four for sensing external signals. (Field input via voltage-free dry contact closure to common.) q Max external loop impedance 500 ohms. q Status inputs transient and RF protected. CONTROL OUTPUTS: q Four. q Output low 4 mA.

Output high 1mA.

COMMUNICATIONS: q RS 232 serial port for Hand Held Data Terminal. Baud rate 1200. Full duplex. RTS/CTS handshaking. ENVIRONMENT q NEMA 4X enclosure. q Relative humidity 0-95% noncondensing. q Temperature: -20 to 160F operational, -40 to 160F storage. RFI/EMI: q Greater than 10 volts/meter, 1 KHz-1GHz tested using MIL STD 461 (RS03 method). MECHANICAL: q RTU: 12"H x 6"D x 12"W--add 2 1/4" W for mounting bracket. Weight approximately 5 lbs. q Solar Panel: 16 1/2"W x 10 3/4"H x 5"D. Weight approximately 15 lbs.

2500 Turbo Flow Computer Brochure

Features and Advantages Overview Hardware Input/Output Capabilities Software Specifications Enclosures and Other Options

Features & Advantages

q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q

486/100Mhz/4 Meg...Full 32 bit microprocessors PC/104 (Compact ISA) expandable Bus..... Upgrade path for future microprocessors Future plug-in module support.....ethernet, fax modem cards Solid State Disk Technology, not EPROMs Compatible with existing RTU enclosures Save on labor costs Use existing transmitters and wiring Minimal downtime for upgrading Operational familiarity No new panel cutouts Future processor, I/O, memory, communication upgrade path Faster application cycle times Higher serial port baud rates Existing application compatibility 16 bit analog conversions using software filtering for smoother updates

The Daniel 2500 Turbo Flow Computer Upgrade Can Turbocharge Your Existing 2500 for Performance Second to None. Legendary Performance- With thousands in use the world over, the Daniel 2500 Flow Computer is the reliable, accurate workhorse of the flow measurement industry. And now, a simple retrofit or upgrade is all it takes to turn your existing 2500's into the Daniel TURBO 2500 high performance tools you'll need to help you better meet tomorrow's need for power, speed, versatility and ease of use. Upgrading is easy as 1,2,31) Replace the existing 2500 CPU with a new, PC-based TURBO Card Set and its built-in high-performance Quad Power Supply. 2) Compile your existing applications with ease via our new Config 25 program and download them to the new TURBO computer. 3) Go back on-line with turbocharged speed and PC convenience. Expandable PC/104 Architecture- The 2500 TURBO Flow Computer incorporates a full-function PC/104 card, a compact PC-standard format for implementing the PC ISA bus. This versatile, flexible architecture accommodates plug-in modules to help maximize upgrade paths for future applications. Best of all, this simple upgrade swaps proprietary microprocessor designs for PC convenience to make the 2500 TURBO even easier to adapt to virtually any flow measurement programming challenge. Upgrade Path- The 2500 TURBO's CPU board houses the PC/104 microprocessor card. This card also maintains the I/O circuitry for outstanding "plug-in" compatibility with existing wiring configurations. No Need to Change Application Programs- Whether upgrading an existing 2500 or installing a new 2500 TURBO, all of your application programs can be used. A new Config 25 program helps you recompile or create a new application and this application is easily downloaded into the TURBO card set. Beefed-Up Power Supply- The new power supply uses Industry Standard modules that provide a higher power output and a wide (18 to 36Vdc) input voltage range. Measurement and Control- Process measurement and flow control require fast cycle timing. The 2500 TURBO can handle the toughest metering requirements. The 2500 TURBO can provide these calculation methods, and more: AGA3 (API 12530), ISO 5167, AGA 5, AGA 7, AGA 8,(Gross and Detail methods). API 1101, API 2534 and API 2540. Other calculation methods are available. Applications

Single and Multiple Tube Metering for Gas, Liquids and Steam

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Gas Orifice Metering, Gas Ultrasonic Metering Gas & Liquid Turbine Metering Venturi, PD and Nozzles

There are two types of 2500 TURBO Series computers: The basic Model 2521 is configured to handle the majority of instrument applications. When additional measurement points are required, an internal expansion board is added to the Model 2521 to make a Model 2522. The front panel contains three status LED's, a sixteen key keypad, and a two line backlit LCD screen. The three status lights are used to give quick indication of the unit's operational status.

Input/Output Capabilities
The basic 2500 TURBO Series has two communications ports. One is an RS-232C compatible port. The other is factory configured as an RS-232C, RS-422 or RS-485 port. The expansion board adds a second RS-232C serial port. These ports may be used for printer output, networking, or host computer communications via modem, direct wire, radio, or satellite link. I/O Capabilities By Model 2521 2522

6 2 1 6 6 2 1 1 1 1

18 6 2 24 24 4 2 1 1 1

analog inputs (12 bit resolution) frequency inputs for turbine meters (0-4000 Hz) frequency inputs for densitometers (0-10,000 Hz) contact closure status inputs transistor switch outputs(latched or pulsed, 100ma @ 30 VDC) analog outputs 4-20mA (maximum 800 ohm load) RS-232C serial ports with modem controls RS-232C or RS-422/485 serial port alarm contact closure (form C relay) prover switch

The 2500 TURBO has these configurations along with the expansion capabilities of the PC/104 bus.

MODBUS ASCII or MODBUS RTU ProtocolThe areas that can be configured are: 1. Hardware inputs and outputs 2. Alarm messages

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Operator entry messages Report formats Tables of data used by 2500 Calculations to be performed Communications

Simple Configuration- Configuration is made simple by the use of menu driven screens. The general menu allows selection of the major task, and subsequent screens guide the user through the configuration procedure. Configurations for standard calculations, such as AGA3/API 2530, ISO 5167, AGA 5, AGA 7, AGA 8, API 1101, API 2534, Meter Proving, Steam and CO2Flow are available from Daniel. But the flexibility of Config 25 allows the user to modify standard calculations to meet special applications or to configure special calculations, such as energy balance. The 2500 TURBO Microcomputer uses two set of software in its real time multi-tasking operating system. BASE25 is installed in FLASHRAM and performs the basic calculations required for flow measurement. Config 25 provides a means to tailor the operation of the unit to perform specific functions. The configuration is done on a PC compatible computer and downloaded to RAM in the Series 2500. Model 2521 and 2522 have up to 4 megabytes of memory. BASE25 performs arithmetic functions and also contains the table and equations used in the AGA and API calculations. Config 25 is a menu-driven program that enables the user to configure the Series 2500 for the desired application.

2500 TURBO Specifications

Main CPU Card
Microprocessor Options: 486 DX4, 100 Mhz, 32 Bit V20, 4.77Mhz, 16 Bit (non-turbo) Solid State Disk: 486 Card Set- 4 Megabytes RAM: 486 Card Set- 4 Megabytes Back Up Battery: Replacement Lithium (1 Year Continuous/10 Year Shelf) I/O Bus Architecture: PC/104 Compact ISA

Analog Inputs: Up to 18 channels... Current/Voltage (4-20mA or 1-5 Vdc) Input impedance 250 Ohms 0.05% for current loop Resolution 12 bits (16 bit Internal Conversation) Frequency/Pulse Inputs: Up to 8 channels... 6 Turbine inputs 0-4,000 Hz range 2 Densitometer inputs 0-10, 000 Hz 10vPP nominal Status Inputs: Up to 24 digital inputs...

Input signal levels 14.8 Volt nominal pull up voltage Field input via voltage free "dry contact" closures to common Input voltage protection circuit 1 Prover Input-Can use uni-directional, bi-directional or double chronometry Analog Outputs: Up to 4 analogs... 4-20mA Maximum load 800 Ohms 12 bit resolution On-off, pulsed and individual alarms...up to 24 provided via open collector transistors Communications: Three Communication Ports-provides flexibility to user allowing RS-232C or RS-422/485

Self Diagnostics
The 2500 incorporates a set of self diagnostics Precision Analog Reference- This feature allows the 2500 to automatically re-calibrate itself before each calculation cycle. Built-in Check Sum- Upon power up/utilization the 2500 memory is interrogated and validated both in RAM and ROM and their associated hardware- instantaneously. Watchdog Timer- Fail-safe alarm on any malfunction

Operating Voltage: 20-28 V.C. or 115/230 VAC, 47-63 Hz Power Consumption: 50 watts maximum including power for all transmitters

NEMA 13 box with integral front panel- operational temperature is 0 degrees F to 140 degrees F NEMA 4X box without front panel- -20 degrees F to 160 degrees F Humidity 0-95% non-condensing

CSA, CCA; pending

Model 2500 TURBO

Enclosures and Other Optionsq Retrofit kit q Standard rack mount q NEMA 13 painted stell 20" x 20" q NEMA 12 stainless steel 24" x 30" q NEMA 4X stainless steel 24" x 30" q Canada box Power Supply Options: q 110 vac supply q 24VDC input