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CHALLENGES OF THE POLICE SETUP

The hazard of the Indian police lies in immobility of its organisational structure. The existing police system is utterly devoid of any adjustment mechanism that keeps it relevant to the zeitgeist. A time-to-time review and concomitant updating of the police organisation becomes sine qua non in the circumstances, particularly while the nascent democracy lounder the policing system of India remis velisque, quite obvious of the futuristic kiaugh. A systematic study of the policing in India with an adequate

pernoctation to screen the latest researches and findings in relevant fields of social and politicial systems and science and technology in reorienting the public organisation and administration is an essential parameter in the vital exercise.

A police setup worth its salt should meet the specific needs of the policing. The police setup must necessarily be raucle in its frame to be capable of absorbing the shocks to which it would often be exposed. Secondly, motive factors should be substructed in the body of the organisation as sound motivation alone can make policing a purposeful activity. This should be reinforced with external motive factors that can be infused to the organisation e ra nata. Thirdly, the system should be organised so as to generate Another

optimism and confidence ex propriis to excudit the magical entrainement.

important aspect that should weigh lourd in evolving an effective police organisation is evolving a mechanism whereby every police officer or unit is put in charge of a specific job matching his or its competence and aptitude. An element of entrain should be brought to policing so that the work in hand can be attended to with genuine involvement

by each police officer. Another strategic principle of healthy police organisation is having absolute faith and giving full responsibilities to subordinates with a concomitant, reward and punishment system that follows at the heels. Any attempt to disturb the balance of faith, full responsibility and reward and punishment system is certain to fell the organisation into desuetude. The extant concept of collective responsibility through a chain of command has gone passe by its propensity to demotivate the real workers due to the corrupt ambitions of those at higher levels in the chain of command. Policing has grown of late to be such an independent field of specialisiation that it is impossible for a mortal being to be proficient in even a single aspect of policing. It is rather a folly to ween a police officer as being able to handle all aspects of policing though at different times. Hence, the need of specialisation-oriented policing. The present managerial world is increasingly realising the importance of human resources as organisational inputs. Unless all-out efforts are made to inhaust to police the crème de la crème of the country with exceptional attributes of probity, intelligence and commitment and impart eximious and purposeful training to bring out the best of each, no efforts at updating the organisation can bring about a sempiternal transformation in the setup. The fact that policing can be successful only with popular co-operation, focuses the attention of the police organisation on the needs of building up its image. Although efforts are already afoot towards building up the image of the police, the depths of the possibilities are yet to be fully explored and exploited. A scientific approach in this score will make policing tanato uberior. Also, the scope for scholarly and intellectual activities in policing will make policing multi-dimensional and add to its effectiveness. The fremit reception given to intellectual activities in some quarters of policing may not go down too well with the

future police planners. The future police organisation and administration should cater to the need of intellectual activities.

The present police organisation and administrative system have to be overhauled in the near future as the ineffectivensess of the extant system becomes increasingly obvious with the flaws in the edifice starting to gape wider. The areas wherein restructuring may be desirable and the thrusts sine qua non to stuff the hiatus valde deflendus to have a featous police setup, quite capable of facing the challenges of the future, are discussed below.

The proclivity of weighing the police with reinforcement of all types of legislations has become a major hazard to effective policing. While the proliferation of legislations in independent India made it impossible even to keep track of their numbers, it is senseless to ween the police as being able to enforce them all. The stupendous task of enforcing these legilsations adversely affects the effectiveness of the police and corrodes its credibility. This is emphatically so with social legislations which pass out of our legislative houses sans cohibition. These progressive measures are inherently

controversial in nature and their enforcement by the police weakens its credibility as an agency of serious business and peremptory order. It is plauditory to conceive of the police as a vehicle of progressive measures, but in the process, is certain to put both its credibility and professionalism into jeopardy as the social legilsatioons lack depth and gravity to enforce them and assiduous enforcement may ricochet as an out-cry of

harassment and high-handedness. It is not in the interest of the country to expose its police to such civil contecks and suffer it thereby.

India can have an independent social policing system under the social welfare ministry to which police officers with a flair for progressive measures may be deputed. The social policing system as a professional enforcement agency of the social policing system as a professional enforcement agency of the social welfare ministry can do an effective job in enforcing progressive social legilsations with all their nuances, by fully devolving on it while saving the police organisation from the embarrassment of handling issues to which it is not equipped either mentally, proffessionally or organisationally. This measure will exeme the police organisation from unwarranted pressures and enhance its legitimacy in handling serious security and law and order issues.

The growth of police functions as adnated to present life-style of increasing complexity is enormous of late with policing slinking to the vitals of all streaks of social and nonsocial living. Policing slinking to the vitals of all streaks of social and nonsocial living. Policing has become a hi-tech affair these days with scopes for further

advancements. Each major activity of policing like maintenance of order, investigation of crimes, collection of intelligence and security operations have assumed such an independent status of non a such expertise and professionalism that these fields being inhered is neither desirable nor feasible. Nor in the circumstances, does shifting a

functionary from one field of expertise to the other help his overall performance.

Anfractuosity in any one of these fields of specialisation for life is becoming a requisite as time goes by.

The futuristic policing of India must have its subordinate police as professionals in a given field of specialisation, say maintenance of order crime investigation, intelligence collection or security operation with synergy manifesting only at higher levels. So India may have independent law and order police, detective police, special police and security police each separately recruited and trained for professionalism and expertise in their respective fields. Officers from all these specialised fields should be eligible to rise to general policing at higher levels on the basis of a pro rata quota system for promotions.

The increased preoccupation of the police with law and order and security issues in view of the growing cataclysmic activities in the country has adversely affected effective crime administration of late. Police stations have become registering stations as far as crime administration is concerned. The time of the local police is fordone with immediate issues of law and order and VIP security, and in the process, crime investigation has become a casualty. The process may further deteriorate as security and law and order problems increase in coming years. Neither the crime staff at subordinate levels nor the supervisory staff at district and higher levels, in the melee, have the will or the resources to divert to crime investigation while the crime rate in the country is assuming dangerous proportions.

Crime investigation should not be allowed to suffer because of disorder and insecurity in the country, as otherwise, a vicious circle may develop wherein disorder and insecurity lead to fall in investigation and flabby investigation in turn, to patulous disorder and insecurity. This triste development may be effectively dealt with by an independent crime setup, parallel to the law and order outfit.

An independent crime outfit in district and state may exquisitely behove to a futuristic police setup by giving crime investigation a boost and insuring it against the peracute pangs of organisational maladies of the future.

The compulsions of urban policing are strikingly different from those of rural policing. Response time is the hallmark of urban policing where a delay of a few minutes can make a difference between death and life as criminals and terrorists with the most sophisticated communication, and weapon system and hair-raising organisational accuracy overawe the police, pitted against them in the course of their criminal operations. The present police station-oriented policing is incomeptent to meet the

challenges of the urban criminals either in resources or in organisational ingine. Further complacency in re own procinct may stifle the very policing system of India.

Unity, resoursefulness and speed form the spine of urban policing. The control room-centered policing in urban centres where men and transportation and latest

communication facilities that work round the clock in shifts enables galvanic operations to tackle law and order problems.

This outfit with unlimited resources at its disposal for launching any type of operation within a few minutes of communication may suffice to meet the challenges of maintaining law and order in urban areas in the new age.

The chief cause of policing never being a profession in India the ineffectiveness of its training facilities. In spite of adequate infrastructures available for training police officials of various ranks these centres largely fail to meet the quality required to make a recruit a thorough professional. An overhaul of the extant training facilities in terms of its quality, content and character is inevitable to keep the Indian police excubant to future challenges. The training facilities should be made centres of scholarship and research on police subjects with professionals of national reputation in each subject handling their respective subjects. The psychology faculty of the centre should endeavour to build character and infuse right orientation among the recruits. The faculty members of the training centers should be exceptionally well paid so as to inveigle the best in the field to join. Army officers must handle outdoor classes. This model helps in instilling the highest standards and expectations in trainees till they become full-fledged officers and orient them to become professional police officers, apart from distancing them from the moderate influences which are herded to handle police training centres in the present setup. The trainees must be exposed to police officers as guest speakers, by inviting very senior police officers of the highest integrity and job standards to deliver talks on specific topics. Separate professional training courses should be available in the training centres for law and order police, crime police, intelligence police and security police with scope

for advanced learning with an eye to the latest developments in each respective field. Latest training methods should be adopted with management, computers and advanced psychology inter alia as the common subjects of study for all the courses. The training centres should give the impression of being temples of advanced studies apart from being so.

Policing requires commitment and dedication on the part of its operators. The principles of faith and responsibility must run invisus through the vitals of the policing, should it be purposeful and successful. The extant bureaucratic malady that infested the Indian police setup cohibits healthy policing practices. The police organisation should be reoriented to develop a professional approach to its operations with full faith and responsibility as the hallmark of the delegation of power. The present emphasis on procedures should be shifted to commitment and result-orientation within the ambit of the rules.

An analytical study of policing, its trends and modern techniques helps to bring professionalism in policing. Due encouragement for the study of theoretical aspects of policing and its application in the field through in-service training will be a welcome step in this direction. If police managers succeed in inspiring in police officers an interest, in theoretical aspects of the policing and its latest techniques, it would be a kenspeckle leap in abraiding Indian police to the challenges of the future.

Policing as a phenomenon of maintaining order and security in society cannot afford to be oblivious of the flux in the modern lifestyles. As an integral part of civil living, policing must prepare itself to amate the increasing complexities of modern life by modifying its organisational and administrative setups to the demands, these vicissitudes create. The changes warranted in policing may either be deciduous or peremptory

depending on the nature of the transition in society. It is left to police planners to analyse the nature of the flux in the society and locate the areas where decession from the past practices has become sine qua non for policing. This should be an ongoing process if policing is to retain its relevance as the guardian of social discipline. The futuristic challenges of policing would be pro rata to the twists of the future living. The prospects of Indian population reaching the mark of a billion and the concomitant luctation of two billion needy hands to grab a share in the country’s limited resources of food, shelter, water, clothing, electricity schooling, employment etc., naturally make life a cut-throat concours and a ruthless adventure devoid of scruple, human values and concern for fellow men. It would be a fight for survival with less competent and skeigh gentlemen going belive hors de combat. The kenspeckle pejoration had already set in from the early sixties. Though the Indian policing system managed somehow to deal with the

vicissitudes till now, the geometric acceleration of the flux of the coming years may prove to be too much to the extant police setup. Therefore, it si high time now that we prepare out police organisation and administration for the future challenges.