You are on page 1of 8

Materials

Bulletin 230 Effective 6/15/93

MATERIAL

SELECTION

CHART

This chart has been compiled from a variety of sources, including Milton Roy Companys extensive experience in flow control technology. It is offered as a general aid in selecting appropriate materials of construction for handling a broad spectrum of aggressive fluids and does not constitute a guarantee.

Methyl Methacrylate

Polyvinyl Chloride

Halar (ECTFE)

304 Stainless

316 Stainless

Cast Steel

Cast Iron

Alloy 20

440 FM

Alloy C

Alloy D

Alloy B

EPDM

68 140 68 140

Acetaldehyde Acetate Solvents Acetic Acid, Crude (1) Acetic Acid, Pure (1) Acetic Acid 10% Acetic Acid 80% Acetic Anhydride Acetone Acetylene Acrylonitrile Allyl Chloride Aluminum Chloride (2) Aluminum Hydroxide (3) Aluminum Nitrate Aluminum Sulfate Alums (1) (Generalsee specific chemical) (23) Amines (4) Amines (filming) (5) Ammonia, Anhydrous (Liq.) (1) Ammonia Solutions Ammonium Carbonate Ammonium Chloride Ammonium Hydroxide Ammonium Mono Phosphate Ammonium Di-Phosphate Ammonium Tri-Phosphate Ammonium Nitrate Ammonium Sulfate Ammonium Sulfide Ammonium Thiocyanate Amyl Acetate Amyl Alchol Amyl Chloride Aniline
HALAR is a registered trademark of ALLIED CORP.

A A C C C C A A C C C B C C C A B A B A C B A C C C A A A

A A C C C C C A A C C C C C A B A A A B A C B A C C C A B A A

A A A A B B B A A A C B B B C A A A A A A A A A A A B B A A A A A

A A A A A B A A A A B A A A B A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A

A A A A A A A B A B A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

A A A A B A A B A A A C A A A

B C V C C C B A C C A C B A A V A A A A A A A A

C C C A C C C C A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C B C C

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C

C C A C C A A B C C A A A A A A C A C

B A A B B C A A A A A C B B A A A A A A A A A A C A C A

C A B C A A A C C A A A A A A A A A A C A C C

B A B A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B C B A

B B A B A B A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C C C A

B C C C C C C C A C A A C A C C C C A A A A A C C A C A

C V A A A A C A A C A A A A A V A A A A A A A A A A A C A C A

B B A B A A

PEEK

FKM

CODES: A. Can be and is being successfully used. B. Proceed with caution. Used under limited conditions where slight corrosion is permissible; for temporary installation; where cost of better materials is too high, etc. C. Should not be used. V. Varies. Information lacking.

Linear Polyethylene

Polypropylene

Materials
Bulletin 230 Effective 6/15/93

Methyl Methacrylate

Polyvinyl Chloride

Halar (ECTFE)

304 Stainless

316 Stainless

Cast Steel

Cast Iron

Alloy 20

440 FM

Alloy C

Alloy D

Alloy B

Polypropylene

CODES: A. Can be and is being successfully used. B. Proceed with caution. Used under limited conditions where slight corrosion is permissible; for temporary installation; where cost of better materials is too high, etc.

Linear Polyethylene

EPDM

68 140 68 140

Aniline Dyes Arsenic Acid Barium Carbonate Barium Chloride Barium Cyanide Barium Hydroxide Barium Sulfate Barium Sulfide Beer Beet Sugar Liquors Benzene or Benzol Benzaldehyde Benzoic Acid Black Sulfate Liquor Borax (Sodium Borate) Boric Acid Bromic Acid Bromine Butane Butylene (Butene) Butadiene Butyl Acetate Butyl Alcohol Butyl Mercaptan Butyric Acid Calcium Acetate Calcium Bisulfite Calcium Carbonate (1) Calcium Chlorate Calcium Chloride (6) Calcium Hydroxide (1, 7, 9) Calcium Hypochlorite (1, 8) Calcium Nitrate Calcium Sulfate Cane Sugar Liquors Caramel Carbolic Acid (Phenol) Carbon Bisulfide Carbon DioxideConsult Application Engineering Carbonic Acid (10)
Milton Roy Company Flow Control Division A Sundstrand Subsidiary

C C B C B B A C A A C C C A A A C C C C B C A C B A C A C C

C C B B B C B A C C A C C C A A A B C C B C A B C A C A A C A C C

A B B A A A B A A A A A A A A C C A A A A B B A B A A C A B B A A A A A

A B B A A A A B A A A A A A A A C C A A A A A B A A A A A B A B A A A A A A A A

A A B A A A A A A A A A B A A A C A A A A A B A A A A B A A B A A A A A A A

A B A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A B A A C A A A A A A

A B A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A A A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A A A A A B B B A C A B

A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A C A C A A C C B A A V A A A

C A A A A A A A A C C A A A A A C A A A B A B A A A A A A A A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

C A V C C A A C A C A A A A A A B C A A A

A A A A A A A A C C A V A A C C A A C A A A A A A A C A

A A A A A A A C C A V A A C B A A A A A A A A C A

A A A A A A A A B A A V A A C A A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A

A A A A A A A A C A V A A C B A A A A A A A A A A C A A

B A A A B A A A A A B C A A A A A B B B A A B A A A A A A B A A A A

A A A A A A C C C B A A C C C A C B A C A A A A A A A A B C A A

A A C

201 Ivyland Road, P.O. Box 5011 Ivyland, PA 18974-0577 (215) 441-0800 FAX: 215-441-8620

4M1093a

PEEK

FKM

Materials
Bulletin 230 Effective 6/15/93

CODES: A. Can be and is being successfully used. B. Proceed with caution. Used under limited conditions where slight corrosion is permissible; for temporary installation; where cost of better materials is too high, etc. C. Should not be used. V. Varies. Information lacking.

Methyl Methacrylate

Linear Polyethylene

Polyvinyl Chloride

Halar (ECTFE)

304 Stainless

316 Stainless

Cast Steel

Cast Iron

Alloy 20

440 FM

Alloy C

Alloy D

Alloy B

Polypropylene

EPDM

68 140 68 140

Carbon Tetrachloride Cellosolve Chelant (Chelate) Chloral Hydrate Chloracetic Acid Chlorine (Liq.) (Sodium Hypochlorite) Chlorobenzene (Dry) Chloroform Chlorosulfonic Acid Chromic Acid 10% Chromic Acid 50% Cold Chromic Acid 50% to 140F Citric Acid Cobalt Acetate Coffee Extracts (Hot) Copper Acetate Copper Chloride (9) Copper Cyanide Copper Nitrate Copper Sulfate Cresote Cresylic Acid (50%) Cyclohexane Detergent Dichloro Ethane Diethylamine Diethylene Glycol Dowtherms Dyes EDTA Ethers (Ethyl) Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Butyrate Ethyl Chloride Ethylene Chloride Ethylene Glycol Ethyl Mercaptan Ethylene Oxide Fatty Acids (1)

A A A A A B A B A C A C C C B C A C A A A A A A A A A A A A A B A Group of Chemicals User should specify materials of construction. A A A A C C C C C A B A C A A C B C B C A C C C C C C A C B A C B C C C B C B B B A A A A A C A C C A B A C B B A A A A A A A C A C C C C C A C C A C C C C C C C C C C A B A A B A A A A C A C C C A A C A C A A C A A B B A C A B A C A A B B B C C C C C B A A A A V A A A A A A A A A B A A C A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A C A C C C C C C A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A A A A A B B A A A C A A A A A B A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A A A C A C B B A A A A A C A C C B C A C A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C C C A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C A C C A V A A A A A A A A A A A A C A C B C B C B C A A A A A A C A C B C A B C A A A A A A B A A A A A A A A A A A A C C C C A A A A A A A A A C A C C C C A A A A C A B C B C B C A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A A A A A A C A B C C C C A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C

PEEK

FKM

Materials
Bulletin 230 Effective 6/15/93

CODES: A. Can be and is being successfully used. B. Proceed with caution. Used under limited conditions where slight corrosion is permissible; for temporary installation; where cost of better materials is too high, etc. C. Should not be used. V. Varies. Information lacking.

Methyl Methacrylate

Linear Polyethylene

Polyvinyl Chloride

Halar (ECTFE)

304 Stainless

316 Stainless

Cast Steel

Cast Iron

Alloy 20

440 FM

Alloy C

Alloy D

Alloy B

Polypropylene

EPDM

68 140 68 140

Ferric Chloride (1, 11) Ferric Nitrate Ferric Sulfate (1) Ferrous Chloride (1, 11) Ferrous Sulfate (1) Filter Aid (1) (Generalsee specific chemical) (23) Fluosilicic Acid Formaldehyde Formic Acid Fruit Juices Freon Furfural Gallic Acid (5%) Gasoline Glucose Glycerol (Glycerin) Heptane, Hexane Hydrazine (12) Hydrobromic Acid (1) Hydrochloric Acid (1) Hydrocyanic Acid Hydrofluoric Acid (13, 22) Hydrogen PeroxideConsult Application Eng. Hydrogen Sulfide Hydrofluosilicic Acid (22) Inks Iodine Solutions Kerosene Lactic Acid (to 60% to 100F) Lactic Acid (over 60% to 100F) Lead Acetate Lime Slurries (7, 23) Linseed Oil Magnesium Carbonate Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Hydroxide Magnesium Nitrate Magnesium Sulfate Maleic Acid Malic Acid
Milton Roy Company Flow Control Division * to 28% concentration. AUpSundstrand Subsidiary

C C C C A C B C C A B C C C C C C C C C A C C C

C C C B A C B C C A C A B C C C C C C C C A C C C A A C A A C C

C A B C C A C A A B A A A A A A A C C A C A C A C A B B A A A C A A A A A

C A A C B A B A A A A A A A A A A A C C A C A B A C A A B A A A C A A A A A

C A A C A A B A A A A A A A A A C C A C A B C A A B A A A A A A

C C C A B A C A A A A A A A A A B C C A A B A A A A A

B B A A A A B A A A A A A B B A B A B A A B A A A A A A

C C B B A A A A B C A A B A A A

C A A A C C V C A A A A A A A C C C C A C C A C C A A C A A

A A A A A A A B A A C A A A A A A A A A A A A C A A C A A A A A A A A B A

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

A A A A B C C A A A A* A A A A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A A B A B A A A A A A A A A B B A A A C A A A A A A

A A A A A A A A B C A B A A B A A A A A A C C A A A C A A A A A B

A A A A A A A A A A C A B A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A A A A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A B C A B A A A A A A A A A C B A B A A A A A A A A B

A A A A A C A C C A A A A A C A B A A A A A A B A A A A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A A V A B C A A C A A A A A A A V B C B B A B A A A A A C

A A B C A C A C A

201 Ivyland Road, P.O. Box 5011 Ivyland, PA 18974-0577 Up to 38% concentration. (215) 441-0800 FAX: 215-441-8620

4M1093a

PEEK

FKM

Materials
Bulletin 230 Effective 6/15/93

Methyl Methacrylate

Polyvinyl Chloride

Halar (ECTFE)

304 Stainless

316 Stainless

Cast Steel

Cast Iron

Alloy 20

440 FM

Alloy C

Alloy D

Alloy B

EPDM

CODES: A. Can be and is being successfully used. B. Proceed with caution. Used under limited conditions where slight corrosion is permissible; for temporary installation; where cost of better materials is too high, etc. C. Should not be used.

Linear Polyethylene

Polypropylene

68 140 68 140

Melamine Resins Mercuric Chloride (1) Mercuric Cyanide Mercury (14) Methyl Acetate Methyl Acetone Methyl Alcohol Methylamine Methyl Bromide Methyl Cellosolve Methyl Chloride (Liq.) Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) Methylene Chloride Molasses Mono Chloracetic Acid Morpholine Naphtha Naphthalene Nickel Chloride Nickel Nitrate Nickel Sulfate Nicotinic Acid Nitric Acid 10% Nitric Acid 70% to 100F Nitrobenzene Oils, Animal Oil, Cottonseed Oils, Fuel Oleic Acid Oleum (15) Oxalic Acid Palmitic Acid (Under 200F) Perchloroethylene (Dry) Perchloric Acid (10%) Phenol (Carbolic Acid) Phosphoric Acid (1) Phosphorus Trichloride Pioric Acid Potassium Bicarbonate Potassium Bromate

C C A A A A A C A A C C C C C A A C C C C C C

C C C A A A A A B A A A C A A A C C C A C C A A A A C C C C C

A C A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A C A A A B A A A A A B B A A C A B A A

A C A A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A A B A A A A A A B A A C A A A A

A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A A B B A A A A A A A C A A A A

A C A A A A A A A A C C C A A C A A A C A

A A A A A A A A A A A A B B A A A A A A A A A

C A A C C C C A C B B

C A A A A B C A B A V B B A A A

A A A A C A C C C C A A A A C A A A A A A C A A A A C A A C B A A C C A A

A A A C A A A A C A A A A A A A A A A A C V A A A A A

A A C C A A A A A B C B C C

A A A A B B C B A B A A A A A A A C B B B C A A C A C A A A A

A A A A C C C C A C A A A A A B B C C C C C A B A C A B A A

A A A A B B A B A A A A A A A A A C B A A B A C A A C A A A* A A A

A A A A C C B C A B B A A A A A B C B B B C B C B A A A A* A A

A C C A C A C C C B A C A A A A A A A A C A A C C A A A A A* A A

A A A A C A A B A C C A A A C C C C C C C C A B C B C C A

A A A C B C C

* Up to 80% concentration.

PEEK

FKM

Materials
Bulletin 230 Effective 6/15/93

Methyl Methacrylate

Polyvinyl Chloride

Halar (ECTFE)

304 Stainless

316 Stainless

Cast Steel

Cast Iron

Alloy 20

440 FM

Alloy C

Alloy D

Alloy B

EPDM

68 140 68 140

Potassium Bromide Potassium Carbonate Potassium Chlorate Potassium Chloride Potassium Chromate Potassium Cyanide Potassium Flouride Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Nitrate Potassium Permanganate Potassium Mono Phosphate Potassium Di-Phosphate Potassium Sulfate Potassium Sulfide Potassium Sulfite Potassium Tetra Borate Propane (Liquid) Propyl Alcohol Propylene Glycol Resins & Rosins Sea Water Silver Nitrate Soap Solutions (Stearates) Sodium Acetate Sodium Aluminate (9) Sodium Bicarbonate Sodium Bisulfate (to 100F) Sodium Bisulfite (to 100F) Sodium Borate Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash) Sodium Chlorate Sodium Chloride (1) Sodium Chlorite (to 20%) Sodium Chromate Sodium Cyanide Sodium Floride Sodium Hydroxide 20%, to 75F Sodium Hydroxide 20%, 75 to 210F Sodium Hydroxide 50%, to 75F Sodium Hydroxide 50%, 75 to 175F
Milton Roy Company Flow Control Division A Sundstrand Subsidiary

C B C B A B A C A A B A C C A A B A C C A C C A A B B B B B

C A A C A A A B A A C A A A C C C A A B A C C C A C C A A B A B A B

A A A C A A A B A A A A A A A A A A A C A A B A A B A A A A B C A A B A A A B

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A A A A A A B C A A B A A A A

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A B B

A A A A A A C C A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A B A A A

A A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A

A A B C C B A A A C B A A A A

A A A A A V A A A A A A C A A A A A C A A A A C A A C C

A A A A A A B A A A A A A A A A A B C A A A A B A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

A A C A A A A A A A A A A C

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A C A

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A B

A A A A A C A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C C C

A A A A A A A A A A C A A V A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

B B

201 Ivyland Road, P.O. Box 5011 Ivyland, PA 18974-0577 (215) 441-0800 FAX: 215-441-8620

4M1093a

PEEK

FKM

CODES: A. Can be and is being successfully used. B. Proceed with caution. Used under limited conditions where slight corrosion is permissible; for temporary installation; where cost of better materials is too high, etc. C. Should not be used. V. Varies.

Linear Polyethylene

Polypropylene

Materials
Bulletin 230 Effective 6/15/93

CODES: A. Can be and is being successfully used. B. Proceed with caution. Used under limited conditions where slight corrosion is permissible; for temporary installation; where cost of better materials is too high, etc. C. Should not be used. V. Varies. Information lacking.

Methyl Methacrylate

Linear Polyethylene

Polyvinyl Chloride

Halar (ECTFE)

304 Stainless

316 Stainless

Cast Steel

Cast Iron

Alloy 20

440 FM

Alloy C

Alloy D

Alloy B

Polypropylene

EPDM

68 140 68 140

Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium Nitrate (16) Sodium Perborate Sodium Peroxide Sodium Mono Phosphate (17) Sodium Di- or Tri-Phosphate (17) Sodium Polyphosphate (17, 18) Sodium Silicate (9) Sodium Sulfate Sodium Sulfide Sodium Sulfite Sodium Borate Sodium Thiosulfate (Hypo) Starch Stearic Acid Sugar Solutions Sulfur, Molten (1) Sulfur Chloride Sulfur Dioxide (Liq.) Sulfuric Acid 0-40% (1, 20) Sulfuric Acid 40-95% (1, 20) Sulfuric Acid 95-100% (20) Sulfurous Acid Tannic Acid Tartaric Acid Titanium Dioxide (21) Toluol & Toluene Trichlorethylene Turpentine Urea Formaldehyde Varnish & Solvents Vinegar Vinyl Acetate Water, Deionized Water, Salt Whiskey and Wines Xylene or Xylol Zinc Chloride Zinc Hydrosulfite Zinc Sulfate

C B A A C A C B A C A C B A A C A C C A C A B A A A A A B C C C C C

C B A A C A C B A C A C B A A C A C C A C B B A A A A A B A C C C C C

C A A A B A A A A B A B A B A A C A C C C B A B A A A A A A A A C A A C B A

C A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A A C C C B A A A A A A A A A A A B A A C B A

C A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

B A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A A A A A A A

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A

C C B A A A A C A A C A A A B A A A B B

C A A A A A A B B A A A A A A A B A A A A A B A A A A See Borax A B A A A A A A A A A A A C A A C A A C A B A A B A A C A A B A C A A C A C A A A A C A A C A A A A C A A C A A A C A C A A A C A A

A A A A A A A A A C A C C A A C C A A A A C A A

A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A B C B A A A A B A A

A A A A A A A B B B C C A A A C C C A A A A C A A

A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A B A A A B C B A A A A A B A A

B A A A A A A A A C B A B C A A A C C C A A A A A C A A

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A A

B A A A A A A A A A A A A A C C A B C C B A B A C C C C A C A A A C A A

A C C A A A A A

PEEK

FKM

Materials
Bulletin 230 Effective 6/15/93

NOTES: 1. Use ceramic plunger in packed plunger pump. 2. As slurry, use for mother liquor. 3. At pH 8.5 or over. 4. Includes primary, secondary and tertiary. Also aliphatic and aromatic. Tertiary amines over 120F require 316SS construction. 5. Cast iron is satisfactory for neutralized filming amines up to 120F. 6. For approximate neutral solutions. Where pH is adjusted, recommendations will be affected accordingly. 7. Solution of lime slurry concentrations to 21% solids with slaked lime and to 50% solids with hydrated lime. 8. Solution with concentrations to 15% and temp. of 105F. 9. Use continuous flushing connections. 10. Carbonated beverages, water solutions of carbon dioxide. 11. Solutions in concentrations to 45% and temp. to 120F. 12. Satisfactory for concentrations less than 35%. Above 35% concentration no alloys containing molybdenum should be used. Use 304SS.

13. Cast iron satisfactory at temperatures below 75F and concentrations above 80%. 14. Inverted valves and special construction to obtain seating of valves required. 15. Use Alloy C valve seats and ball valves. 16. Use 440SS ball valves. 17 Use internal flushing. 18. Includes many water treating chemicals such as meta phosphates and other phosphates higher than tripolyphosphate such as Hagan Phosphate, Calgon, Buromin and Micromat. 19. Cold and unaerated. 20. Absorption of moisture from the air dilutes exposed acid and increases corrosion. 21. If titanium dioxide must remain white, use 316SS. 22. Use high alumina ceramic ball valves. 23. Use hard balls and seats if pressure is over 200 psig.

PACKING
Standard

SELECTIONS
Description PTFE, Impregnated Copper, Wire Braided Ring (B \ z n through 2 Plungers) PTFE, Impregnated, Braided Ring, (2Z \ x through 4M \ z n Plungers) Max. Press./Temp. 5000 PSI/550F 500 PSI/550F Remarks Good for most liquids except Bromine, Chlorine and oxygen compounds.

Style Garlock 5022 AFP or equal (CO6) Garlock 8922 or equal (CO6)

Optional
Style Description Max. Press./Temp. 2000 PSI/200F 5000 PSI/500F 7500 PSI/250F Remarks Aqueous solutions except aromatics or aqueous solutions of acids or bases. All liquids except flourine and its components. Mineral oils, petroleum products, water emulsion solutions.

G8048, G432 or equal Nitrile/Fabric, V Ring (Neo Duck) Crane CVH or equal (8764) Crane 829 or equal PTFE, V Ring with PTFE Adaptors Nitrile/Fabric with Brass Adaptors (other adaptor material available)

Special
Style Description Crane C1055 or equal PTFE Yarn, Braided Ring Grafoil 235A or equal Graphite, Comp-Split Ring Max. Press./Temp. 2000 PSI/500F 4000 PSI/1500F Remarks Food products Strong corrosives, heat transfer liquids.

NOTES: 1. Pressures over 2000 psig require hardened plungers and close clearance rings. V-Ring type packing requires metal adapters. 2. When flushing is required, use a V-ring type packing. 3. Use Neo Duck packing for lima and diatomaceous earth slurries with ceramic plungers and flush connections. 4 . Milroyal D & plungers are only available with 25% carbon filled PTFE packing.

All information contained herein subject to change without notice.


Milton Roy Company Flow Control Division A Sundstrand Subsidiary 201 Ivyland Road, P.O. Box 5011 Ivyland, PA 18974-0577 (215) 441-0800 FAX: 215-441-8620

4M1093a