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Ica vs rdp Asked By: smriti0001 | Asked On: Jun 14th, 2009 8 answers Why is ica that much

faster than rdp ? What is the technological differences between the two? Answered by: vikram on: Jul 26th, 2013 RDP: transfer complete frame and bandwidth depends on screen resolution, ICA: create virtual channels(video,audio,print,keyboard& mouse updates) and transfers only screen updates and bandwidth will less as keyboard and mouse click will be 10-15% of frame Answered by: Arunava on: Aug 8th, 2012 ICA is a citrix communication protocol used to exchange data in a server environment. RDP is a windows terminal service protocol. ICA works on even low bandwidth connection at a minimum of 14.4kbps. I... Answer Question Select Best Answer Citrix server Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 6 answers What are the console available to manage citrix server? Answered by: mahesh on: Jul 17th, 2013 1. Citrix Delivery services console 2. Citrix Web Interface Management 3. Citrix License console Answered by: Suryanarayan Balakrishnan on: Sep 28th, 2012 Console available in citrix/xenapp 1. Citrix management console - Metaframe presentation server 2. Access management console - configure most of the properties 3. Xenapp Advance Configuration - config... Answer Question Select Best Answer What is printer terminology in citrix? Asked By: ramesh.sk86 | Asked On: Apr 23rd, 2013 1 answer Answered by: prasanth on: Jun 25th, 2013

Citrix Printing can be configured 3 ways (types) 1.Local Printing. 2. Network Printing 3.Client Printing Answer Question Select Best Answer How to check app server load Asked By: Lincyt Joseph | Asked On: Mar 20th, 2013 2 answers How to check one server load if one app is installed on 50 xenapp servers Answered by: hi on: Jun 11th, 2013 qfarm load Answered by: Velaga Balaji on: Apr 13th, 2013 check the command qfarm /load on DC Answer Question Select Best Answer What will happen if data collector goes down? Asked By: Lincyt Joseph | Asked On: Mar 20th, 2013 5 answers Answered by: citrix_explorer on: May 23rd, 2013 In case data collector goes down, the user would not be able to either login or access the application. A polling would occur and the winner would be the next data collector. Since this process takes less than even a minute, the disruption would be minimum. Answered by: SUPREETH J on: May 21st, 2013 If data collector goes down then election happen to choose another dc based on 1.Version 2.Ranking 3.Host-Id according to precedence 1,2,3 Answer Question Select Best Answer How many citrix & windows licenses required? Asked By: Lincyt Joseph | Asked On: Mar 20th, 2013 3 answers Scenario- how many citrix & windows licenses required when one user logged on to one application from one work station. scenario- how many citrix & windows licensees required when one user logged on to one application from two different work stations without log off?

Answered by: lava kumar pudur on: Apr 30th, 2013 Scenario 1:- If user access only one application from one device.....? We first need the windows terminal server license ...(it may be user based or device based) then we need citrix license .... t... Answered by: Ravindra on: Apr 12th, 2013 Citrix will take only one license since license is based on concurrent session. License taken by the terminal service depends. If the License is Per User based it will take one, If license is per device based it will take two license. Answer Question Select Best Answer What will happen if licence server goes down? Asked By: Lincyt Joseph | Asked On: Mar 20th, 2013 1 answer Answered by: srinath on: Mar 31st, 2013 if citrix license server goes down , citrix application will work until 720 hours of basic grace period of the citrix license server . to know that grace period edit the license file in notepad and type GP= then you will get the grace period of the license...... Answer Question Select Best Answer What will happen if data center goes down ? Asked By: Lincyt Joseph | Asked On: Mar 20th, 2013 Answer Question What will be happen if citrix license server goes down? Asked By: needvicky | Asked On: Dec 5th, 2011 8 answers Answered by: rajani on: Feb 28th, 2013 For Citrix 4.5 and 5.0 license grace period is 30days and 6.0 grace period is 90days. if license server down , only users who already have license they do not have problem but new users are cant able to get license. Answered by: Amar Honnungar on: Feb 24th, 2013 Users can connect/reconnect for 30 days ( Not 90 Days) without any issues but if the XenApp servers were provisioned for provisioning server this function may not be applicable.Provisioned XenApp serv... Answer Question Select Best Answer

Launch citrix application Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 2 answers What you will check when any user is not able to launch citrix application? Answered by: Amar Honnungar on: Feb 24th, 2013 Also do check the ICA TCP Properties - Network Adapter to hold maximum concurrent sessions as selection and Qfarm /load to show output of less than 10000. License server should be up and communicating. RDP CAL should have free licenses. Answered by: sateesh_wsa on: May 18th, 2009 1) First try to launch same application from Citrix server(on which you installed and published)2) Try to add same application to your ID and try to launch3) Check user permissions f... Answer Question Select Best Answer What are different load evaluators are available in citrix Asked By: irfanindi | Asked On: Oct 1st, 2009 2 answers Answered by: Sameer on: Feb 19th, 2013 Three types of load evaluators are available in Xeanpp. Advance Load evaluator advance load evaluator is used to limit memory usage, CPU utilization and page swaps on a server for load management.... Answered by: amodketkar on: Nov 9th, 2009 Different Types of Citrix Load Evaluators 1)CPU Utilization 2)Memory Utilization 3)Page Swap 4)Application User Load 5)Context Switches 6)Disk Data I/O 7)Disk Operations 8)IP Range 9)Page Faults 10)Scheduling 11)Server User Load Answer Question Select Best Answer Vpn user

Asked By: jsonu | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2012 1 answer How a vpn user can access citrix applications (xenapp)? Answered by: asif on: Dec 4th, 2012 Well, this depends on how the connectivity has been configured for user. If there any access gateways or secure gateway configured. User has online plugin installed on his laptop/desktop. once he typ... Answer Question Select Best Answer What are session printers? Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 1 answer Answered by: deepak bhandari on: Oct 7th, 2012 Network printers shared by a print server that are discovered and attached through a session printing policy. Answer Question Select Best Answer Citrix access gateway Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 1 answer What is citrix secure / access gateway and how its work? Answered by: Nitin Musale on: Oct 3rd, 2012 Citrix Access Gateway is a protected application access solution that provides administrators with granular application-level control and at the same time offers users with access from any location. ... Answer Question Select Best Answer Client lock down Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 1 answer What is client lock down? Answered by: Nitin Musale on: Oct 3rd, 2012

Typically client lock down is the process of securing an endpoint so that the user can only access authorized features. An example of this would be turning the device into a Thin Client by locking it ... Answer Question Select Best Answer What is datastore in citrix Asked By: jaimishra | Asked On: Apr 6th, 2012 3 answers Answered by: Test011988 on: Sep 24th, 2012 -Farm Configuration -Published application configuration -Metaframe administration accounts -Server configurations -Printer configurations -Trust relationships Answered by: Arunava on: Aug 8th, 2012 Datastore is the citrix database which stores all the static information including the following -Farm Configuration -Published application configuration -Metaframe administration accounts -Server configurations -Printer configurations -Trust relationships Answer Question Select Best Answer Slow logins Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 2 answers A citrix xenapp administrator complains about multiple users experiencing slow logins across multiple xenapp servers. What question would you ask if you are allowed to ask only one question? Why? Answered by: Santosh on: Sep 7th, 2012 if your profile is managed by Roaming, then it can be the size of the roaming profile to copy to the MPS. also if the user LogonServer is away from the DC of the citrix, physically, it might take time... Answered by: Navjotg on: Nov 19th, 2010

I would ask if it sticks at a particular point, i.e applying computer settings, running login scripts etc. The logging on process for citrix is complex and it may point you in the right direction. Answer Question Select Best Answer What is the name of the product citrix uses for licensing? Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 1 answer Answered by: Vish on: Jun 20th, 2012 Citrix Licensing product use the FLEXIm licensing technology Answer Question Select Best Answer Citrix load evaluators Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 2 answers What are different load evaluators are available in citrix? Answered by: SINDHU on: May 23rd, 2012 Three are three types: 1.Default loader:it considers how any number of users log on to the server.(user count 100%). 2.advanced loader:It considers depends on cpu and memory utilization up to 100% it... Answered by: Kulwinders on: Dec 26th, 2009 1. Default Load Evaluators 2. Advance Load evaluators 3. Custom load evaluators Answer Question Select Best Answer What will be happen if lhc corrupted? Asked By: needvicky | Asked On: Dec 5th, 2011 3 answers Lhc in citrix Answered by: RAJ on: Mar 20th, 2012 If LHC got corrupted then none of the new user will be able to access the application and also the ima service will failed to start so recreating of Lhc USINF dSMAINT COMMAND CAN RESOLVE THE ISSUE .

Answered by: Audumbar Gavali on: Feb 16th, 2012 - You can not access application from that server. - IMA will not start - recreating LHC will fix the issue. Time out feature in citrix Asked By: needvicky | Asked On: Dec 5th, 2011 2 answers What is time out feature in citrix? How to enable this feature? Answered by: ganesh on: Feb 16th, 2012 There are two types of time out - WebInterface Time out & Time out from the XenApp servers. WebInterface time out is configured under web interface management console -> session preferences; 2) Serve... Answered by: balaji on: Jan 24th, 2012 We need to configure this setting in Web interface servers. In citrix web interface management, Goto Session preferences and set the web session time out. Answer Question Select Best Answer Citrix messages Asked By: needvicky | Asked On: Dec 5th, 2011 1 answer If any user getting error that resources is unavailable in citrix than what will you do? Answered by: Audumbar Gavali on: Feb 16th, 2012 - Check the application server is function correctly [hung...etc] - Communicate with LIC. server not broken - Check for IMA service Answer Question Select Best Answer What will be happen if data store down in citrix? Asked By: needvicky | Asked On: Dec 5th, 2011 1 answer Answered by: Lokesh M on: Feb 10th, 2012 If Data store is down then MetaFrame administrators will not be able to edit any configurations in the Management Console such as publishing applications and new MetaFrame Presentation Servers cannot be added to the farm.

Answer Question Select Best Answer Hybrid automation framework structure Asked By: Nithin | Asked On: Aug 11th, 2011 1 answer I was been asked to write the hybrid framework structure in an interview. Could you please let me know the hybrid framework structure. Answered by: Lokesh M on: Dec 9th, 2011 As the name implies, Hybrid framework is a combimation of many frameworks. Frameworks such as Data Driven Framework, Keyword Driven Framework and Functional Decomposition framework are combined togeth... Answer Question Select Best Answer What is the citrix XML service? Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 1 answer Answered by: Ramesh Nambaru on: Sep 27th, 2011 Citrix XML Service (CtxHttp) is installed as a service. For application discovery and configuration information, XML service should be up and running Answer Question Select Best Answer Pvs Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 1 answer What is pvs and why would you use it? Answered by: Donna on: Sep 21st, 2011 Provisioning Server (PVS). A Provisioning Server is any server that has the Stream Service installed. It is used to stream software from vDisks as needed, to target devices. In some implementations, v... Answer Question Select Best Answer What is a zdc and why is it recommended to have a dedicated one when there are more than 5 xenapp servers? Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010

1 answer Answered by: Ezhil Arasan on: Aug 31st, 2011 ZDC - Zone data collector, It is always good to have a dedicated ZDC for a zone so that it will have the complete information of the servers in that zone and it will supply the information about the l... Answer Question Select Best Answer How do you repair the ima localhost cache? Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 4 answers Answered by: jayaram reddy on: Jul 30th, 2011 Open cmd prompt type the following cmd in prompt c:> dsmaint recreatelhc this command will delete old LHC and recreate new LHC in the Server

Answered by: jayaram reddy on: Jul 30th, 2011 open cmd mode the c:>dsmaint recreatelhc this will recreate the LHC on the current Server Answer Question Select Best Answer Citrix licensing Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 2 answers How the licensing works in citrix and difference in citrix licensing version wise Answered by: Suryanarayan Balakrishnan on: Jul 29th, 2011 Standard License - For single Server Advanced - Supports Network Load Balancing Enterprise - For large Infrastructure provides WMI, Load Manager or Resource Manager Platinum - Features like Access Ga... Answered by: contactzaheer on: Nov 18th, 2010

1) First there would be product licences such as Standard/Advanced/Enterprise/Platinum edition. 2) Then you have to purchase the concurrent licences depending on the no of users this can be downloaded from the website .LIC file depending on the hostname of the server which is case sensitive. Answer Question Select Best Answer Why are session printers not recommended for slow wan connections? Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 1 answer Answered by: Navjotg on: Nov 19th, 2010 The print job is spooled across the WAN to the Citrix server and back again. It will cause an already slow link to become slower. Answer Question Select Best Answer Add custom drive letter Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 1 answer What group policy file would you edit to add custom drive letters for the purpose of hiding them from users when they login to a xenapp server? Answered by: Navjotg on: Nov 19th, 2010

User Configuration | Administrative Templates | Windows Explorer | "Hide these specified drives in My Computer" and "Prevent access to drives from My Computer" Answer Question Select Best Answer Client package msi file Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 1 answer How do you create a custom ica client package using the msi file from the citrix download site? Answered by: Navjotg on: Nov 19th, 2010

msiexec /a ica32pkg.msi This Will run the client packaging tool.

Answer Question Select Best Answer Java client Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 1 answer A customer has a single citrix xenapp 4.5 server with wi installed on this citrix server. They are not running csg and they do not have a cag. The Java client has been installed successfully and wi works fine inside the lan with the Java client. Port 443 and port 1494 have been opened in the nat firewall.... Answered by: Navjotg on: Nov 19th, 2010 The XML Port is most proberbly not open. Port 80 or 8080. Answer Question Select Best Answer Gp processing mode Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 1 answer What group policy processing mode is usually configured on group policies that are applied to xenapp servers? Answered by: Navjotg on: Nov 19th, 2010 Loopback processing Answer Question Select Best Answer Why can it be difficult to clone a xenapp server? Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 Answer Question What is the best way to manage user profiles and how do you implement it on the xenapp servers? Asked By: tligon | Asked On: Nov 4th, 2010 Answer Question What is ica and what are the advantage of ica Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 1 answer Answered by: Sandipjoshi99 on: Mar 9th, 2010

ICA - Independent Computing Architechture It provides better compression Transmits High-level windows display information Answer Question Select Best Answer What is client lock down? Asked By: irfanindi | Asked On: Sep 30th, 2009 2 answers Answered by: dhingra.kamal on: Mar 5th, 2010 Typically 'client lockdown' is the process of securing an endpoint so that the user can only access authorised features. An example of this would be turning the device into a 'Thin Cl... Answered by: pradeepbhai on: Oct 23rd, 2009 As per my point of view client is a special person who is hired by a company to take care of all customer, so that customer can be provide better satisfaction.

pradeep chauhan Answer Question Select Best Answer How to implement policies in citrix Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 1 answer Answered by: anilkumarsn on: Nov 20th, 2009 The Citrix policy can be applied through Console Managment in 3 levels 1. Farm Level 2. Citrix Server Level 3. Policy. Answer Question Select Best Answer What is printer terminology in citrix? Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 1 answer Answered by: anilkumarsn on: Nov 20th, 2009 Citrix Printing can be configured 3 ways (types)1.Local Printing.2.Network Printing3.Client Printing Client Printer: The printer connecyted to the Worksation & the drivers are installed on the cit... How to recover when ima failing?

Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 1 answer Answered by: irfanindi on: Oct 1st, 2009 There can be a number of reasons why the IMA Service appears not to have started, including the following: IMA Service load time IMA Service subsystem Missing Temp directory Print... Answer Question Select Best Answer Citrix server installation Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 3 answers What is the requirement for citrix server Answered by: irfanindi on: Oct 1st, 2009 Windows 2003 Server Terminal Services Terminal Services Licenses .NET IIS www Citrix P.S 4.0 ,4.5 Citrix Licenses sever Answered by: PercyJ on: Apr 30th, 2009 Port 1494. The server will respond to the client on 1494 and assign it a port number in the "high port" range (1023-65534) 443 or 80 for Https or http Answer Question Select Best Answer Citrix query commands Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 1 answer What are the query command in citrix Answered by: halvendira on: Sep 2nd, 2009 1)qfarm 2)querydc installation?

3)queryds 4)queryhr Answer Question Select Best Answer What are the different ports use in citrix Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 1 answer Answered by: sateesh_wsa on: May 18th, 2009 Some Citrix Port Numbers 1494: This port is used by any client using the TCP protocol to communicate with the Presentation Server. You will need to open this port on your firewall for inbound connecti... Answer Question Select Best Answer How to recover when datastore failing? Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 1 answer Answered by: ujjalalokesarkar on: Jun 9th, 2009 data store can be recreated by the *.mdb file which is located at %program files/Citrix/Indipendent Architectute Management%

this file can be moved to another server and a data base connectivity and be created using ODBC and creating a *.dsn file. Answer Question Select Best Answer Citrix installation manager Asked By: sk_naresh | Asked On: Aug 16th, 2008 1 answer What is the requirement of installation manager and wht kind of extension its support Answered by: jijinvp on: May 5th, 2009 Installation Manager is a powerfull feature in Metaframe XPe that facilitates the rapid installation of applications and other software componenets.Installation manager let you install applications ot... 1. What are the different types of Presentation Server Enterprise Edition : Standard + Advance Edition +Citrix Resource Manager , Citrix Installation Mgr Advanced Edition : Standatd Edition + Citrix Load Manager

Standard Edition : MPS Access suite Licensing, Core metaframe PS software, Web Interface for MPS , Citrix secure Gateway, Legacy MPS 1.8 2. Presentation Server Components : A: MetaFrame Access Suite Licensing Access Suite Console MetaFrame Presentation Server Presentation Server Console Document Center 3. What are the different Citrix Clients available A: Program Neighborhood Program Neighborhood Agent Web Client Java Client 4. What are the services available in Citrix A: ADF Installer Service CPU Utilization Mgmt/Resource Mgmt service CPU Utilization Mgmt/User-Session Sync Service Citrix Licensing WMI Service Citrix Print Manager Service Citrix SMA Service (Switch Monitoring and Accessories) Citrix Virtual Memory Optimization Service Citrix WMI Service Citrix XTE Service Diagnostic Facility COM Service Encryption Service Independent Management Architecture Service License Management Console for Citrix Licensing Service MetaFrame COM Server Service Resource Manager Mail Service Secure Gateway Service 5. Default ICA port A: 1494 NOTE: Default ICA port is a common question to ask in the interview: Apart from this, should be ready with all Port details which are related to the citrix environment. Port Name Port Number Default listening port for Citrix XML Service : 80 CMC, SSL : 443 Server to SQL : 1433 ICA : 1494 UDP port used for client broadcast : 1604 IMA : 2512, 2513 Session Reliability : 2598 Licensing : 27000 6. Command to put the server into install mode A: change user /install

NOTE: Normally whenever we install the device on the OS, we use the Change user /Install and after finishing the installation task we need to execute from the mode to use change user /execute. 7. What is Local Host Cache (LHC) and what is the purpose of A: The Local Host Cache is the name of the Microsoft Access Database that is created locally on every MPS server and that stores portions of the Data Store to keep the server functioning in the event of an outage. If the Data Store goes off line, the server continuous to function normally using the LHC database for up to 48 hours. It ensures that pertinent data is accessible locally even of the data store database is unavailable. 8. Which types of persistent data are contained in the Presentation Server Farm Data Store? A: Printer Drivers and mappings Published Applications configurations Presentation Server Administrator Accounts 9. What is the purpose of the Data Store and What is contained in the Data Store database? A: The Data Store is a database that stores all the configuration information needed by the Citrix Farm. Any time you make configuration changes to MetaFrame Server, the changes are recorded in the Data Store. In this respect, if you are adding a new MetaFrame Server to spread the user load of an application, this new server can get all the information by tapping into the Data Store. The information stored in the Data Store includes : Published Application, Server Configuration, User Configuration and Print Environment. This thus means all persistent data for all servers in a particular farm. 10. Purpose of the Data Collector A: Data Collector is nothing but it keeps the information about the published application, users session, Zones etc. 11. Purpose of Zones. A: Zone is subset of Farm and is designed so that we could use Farm as a unit. Zone has server members and one of them is ZDC (Zone Data Collectors) in each zone. These ZDCs communicate between zones. Zones are very helpful in controlling traffic. 12. Moving servers to other zone 13. Which component manages the servers running Presentation by integrating with thirdparty management consoles such as HP Open View? A: Network Manager Explanation : Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is known and widely used by various organizations for the purposes of monitoring their systems. Companies can use thirdparty tools such Microsoft Operations Management (MOM), HP Open View, or various other tools to monitor and manage their servers. In addition, if you are using Enterprise Edition of MetaFrame, you can use Citrix Network Manager as an SNMP agent to gather farmwide performance monitoring and management information. 14. What are two technical considerations for deciding to create more than one farm in a Presentation Server environment?

A: The Geographical Location of the servers and The type of network connection between the servers. 15. An administrator must consider which three factors when deciding which type of database to use in a farm? A: Number of Users Number of Applications Number of servers running Presentation Server 16. Preferences of zone DCs (most, preferred) 17. How to change the ICA port. Change value of TCP/IP port for ICA Terminal Sessions. ICAPORT {/QUERY | /PORT:num | /RESET} /QUERY Query current setting. /PORT:num Change the TCP/IP port to num. /RESET Reset the TCP/IP port to 1494. 18. How to change the xml service port. A: Use the command line utility ctxxmlss From the services applet stop the xml service At a command prompt type: ctxxmlss /u ctxxmlss /rxxxx (where xxxx is the new port number) RESTART the xml service from the services applet. 19. The ports for server-to-server communication and CMC ports. IMA : 2512, 2513 20. Licensing issues (server + connection licenses) 21. Load balancing definition and elementary workflow 22. IMA (Independent Management Architecture)service used for what A: The IMA Services checks about the connection between the Citrix Presentation Sever and Citrix Management Console. It has separate Management architecture from the Windows Management architecture. It links with Metaframe COM Server to provide COM Services, so that individual servers can be removed from the Citrix Management Console. 23. Components needed for web connectivity (IIS, Nfuse, SG/MSAM) 24. Troubleshooting using event log 25. Why is ICA that much faster than RDP? technological differences 26. Why does a new desktop get a dial-up or network problems when the OS is win2k pro, or XP pro. 27. Why does the spooler service sometimes crash, after staring a print job? 28. How much SSL certificates, do I need to setup a CSG configuration?

29. Why does single sign-on not work, when using NFuse or WI? 30. Can you describe your best hardware configuration for a 35 to 40 user server? 31. How do you fight latency, and when is it needed? (ping times) 32. How does the raid controller need to be set on a terminal server? 33. Why does my CSG connection not work, while using a 56 bits version cert? 34. How do you configure a Cisco router TCP/IP stack for optimal citrix traffic? 35. Preferences of zone DCs 36. What are the differences between the Win2k license server and Win2k3? 37. Differences in GPOs between the 2 OSs. I also like to find out how they troubleshoot citrix issues. What sites do they use? 38. After installing the new Citrix Client my Icons are Upside Down. What Gives? A: This problem has been traced back to two possible solutions involving the video drivers. The following seemed to have resolved the problem. First in Win9.x clients (where this has been a frequent issue)try decreasing the graphics acceleration setting in Control Panel\System\Performance. If this does not work try to obtain the latest video drivers from the cards manufacturer for the graphics adapter and installing them. 39. How do I disable floppy drive access during a Citrix Session Logon? A: Run regedt32.exe Edit the key listed below: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\WindowsNT\CurrentVersion\Winlogin\Parse Autoexec REG_SZ=1 Change the value from 1 to 0 Ensure that the Windows Explorer view is set to a view different than Details 40. I have a program that will only work if it is install mode any ideas? A: Try adding the directory the program is in to the default path by going into the system control panel applet and adding it under the environment variables. Or copy out the ini and dll file of the program out to each users windows/system32 folder in their home directory. Some programs have a temp variable in their ini files. You may need to edit the location of the temp variable to point to the users home temp directory instead of the NT/Temp directory location. This should resolve the problem.

41. How do I Disable Print Drivers from Automatically Updating the DataStore? A: When a new printer or printer driver was installed on a MetaFrame server, a substantial amount of traffic (in the order of 8 to 10MB per second) occurred between the IMA Service and the data store the IMA Service was using. This occurred because the IMA Service needed to update the Management Console for MetaFrame XP with the information about the new printer or printer driver, which caused the huge amount of network traffic. To resolve this problem, navigate to the following registry key and change the value of fDisablePrinterWorkerThread to 1: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Citrix\IMAPrinter Type: REG_DWORD Value: fDisablePrinterWorkerThread = 1 After you make this change to the registry, restart the IMA Service for the change to take effect. NOTE: When the registry switch is set to 1, the IMA Service does not automatically update printer or printer driver information to the Management Console. You need to update this information manually. To do this, click Printer Management in the left panel of the Management Console and then double-click Update Printer and Driver. This setting is valid with: (or their equivalents) MetaFrame XP Feature Release 3 for Windows 2000 and hotfix XE103W2K057 MetaFrame XP Service Pack 2 for TSE 4.0 and hotfix XE102T024. Both MetaFrame XP Feature Release 3 for Windows 2000 & MetaFrame Presentation Server 3.0 for Windows 2000 and 2003 contain the code need for the registry change. Ensure the latest MfPrintSs.dll is installed on the server. NOTE: If youre interviewing, you want somebody who has a good solid overall understanding of Citrix and how it fits into the organization etc. So as well as those questions, Id be asking them how they would bring new sites online. Id want them to know how web interface and CSG work and to tell me the process when users connect using these products to launch their apps. I would tell them about your setup and ask them how you could improve it. Also you will want to know what they know about Terminal Services. Im amazed at how many questions here get asked about the TS license server. Most seem to not even know it needs to be loaded. 42. How do I remove a dead server from the Citrix Management Console? A: Run DSVERIFY SERVERS /CLEAN /FORCE to optimize the Data Store. DSVerify can be run rom any server in the farm. Dsverify is available here. Metaframe Feature Release 3 has a new command line tool called DSCHECK works in a similar way: DSCHECK /CLEAN

43. What is relay Program Neighborhood The user interface for the Program Neighborhood Client that lets users view the published applications they are authorized to use in the server farm. Program Neighborhood allows access to application sets and custom ICA connections. 44. What is relay Program Neighborhood Agent The Program Neighborhood Agent allows you to deliver published applications directly to users desktops so users can access links to published applications with or without a Web browser. With the Program Neighborhood Agent, links to published applications appear in the Start menu, on the Windows desktop, or in the Windows notification area. Remote applications are integrated into the desktop and appear to the user as local applications. You must use the Web Interface for MetaFrame Presentation Server to use the Program Neighborhood Agent. 45. What is relay published application An application installed on a server or server farm that is configured for multiuser access from MetaFrame Presentation Server Clients. With Load Manager, you can manage the load for published applications among servers in the farm. With Program Neighborhood and the Web Interface, you can push a published application to your users client desktops. 46 What is relay listening port ? The TCP port on a computer running MetaFrame Presentation Server that the Citrix SSL Relay monitors for data from a Web server. What is seamless window One of the settings you can specify for the window size property of a published application. If a published application runs in a seamless window, the user can take advantage of all the client platforms window management features, such as resizing, minimizing, and so forth. 47 What is Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)/Transport Layer Security (TLS) A standards-based architecture for encryption, authentication, and message integrity. It is used to secure the communications between two computers across a public network, authenticate the two computers to each other based on a separate trusted authority, and ensure that the communications are not tampered with. SSL/ TLS supports a wide range of ciphersuites. 48 What is server A server on which MetaFrame Presentation Server software is running. You can publish applications, content, and desktops for remote access by clients on these servers. What is server farm A group of computers running MetaFrame Presentation Server and managed as a single entity, with some form of physical connection between servers and a database used for the farms data store. 49. What is session ID A unique identifier for a specific client session on a specific computer running MetaFrame Presentation Server. 50 What is Independent Management Architecture (IMA) Citrixs server-to-server infrastructure

that provides robust, secure, and scalable tools for managing any size server farm. Among other features, IMA enables centralized platform-independent management, an ODBC-compliant data store, and a suite of management products that plug in to Presentation Server Console. 51. What is Citrix XML Service A Windows service that provides an HTTP interface to the ICA browser. It uses TCP packets instead of UDP, which allows connections to work across most firewalls. The default port for the Citrix XML Service is 80. 52. What is shadowing A feature that enables an authorized user to remotely join or take control of another users client session for diagnosis, training, or technical support. What is SpeedScreen Latency Reduction A combination of technologies implemented in ICA that decreases bandwidth consumption and total packets transmitted, resulting in reduced latency and consistent performance regardless of network connection. 53. What is universal printing When you use universal printing you do not need to install and duplicate a potentially large set of native printer drivers in your server farm. The universal printer drivers can replace multiple native printer drivers that would otherwise be needed in diverse printing environments. MetaFrame Presentation Server Clients can work with universal drivers depending on the client devices version and platform. 54. What is Windows-Based Terminal (WBT) A fixed-function thin-client device that can run applications only by connecting to a server. WBTs cannot run applications locally. 55. What is zone A logical grouping of computers running MetaFrame Presentation Server, typically related to the underlying network subnets. All servers in a zone communicate with the server designated as the data collector for the zone. 56. What is zone data collector A computer that stores dynamic data for one zone in a farm. Examples of dynamic data include current server load, the number of current user sessions, and the applications currently running in user sessions on a specified server. 57. What is local host cache A local subset of the server farm data store information. This file is present on all computers running MetaFrame Presentation Server. See also data store. ICA file A text file (with the extension ica) containing information about a published application. ICA files are written in Windows ini file format and organize published application information in a standard way that MetaFrame Presentation Server Clients can interpret. When a client receives an ICA file, it

initializes a session running the application on the server specified in the file. ICA protocol The protocol that MetaFrame Presentation Server Clients use to format user input (keystrokes, mouse clicks, and so forth) and address it to servers for processing. Servers use the ICA protocol to format application output (display, audio, and so forth) and return it to the client device. 1. What is the requirement for Citrix server installation? Answer :- http://support.citrix.com/proddocs/topic/xenapp6-w2k8/ps-system-requirementsw2k8-xa6.html 2. What is Datastore? Answer :- This is the place where all the static information are stored. The data store provides a repository of persistent information about the farm (Farm configuration information, Published Application configurations, Server configurations, Static policy configuration, XenApp administrator accounts, and Printer configurations) that all servers can refer. The data store is the central repository where almost the entire Citrix implementation is invested. The Administrators of the farm, the license server to point to, the whole farm configuration, the published applications, all their properties, the security of who gets access to what, the custom load evaluators, custom policies, configured printers and print drivers, all this is stored in the central repository called the data store. 3. What is Data Collector? Answer:- Data Collector stores all the dynamic information like session, load and published applications in the servers in their zones and communicates the zone information to the Data Collectors in other zones in the farm Data collector is a Citrix Presentation Server whose IMA service takes on the additional role of tracking all of the dynamic information of other Presentation Servers. This information is stored in memory and called the dynamic store. The data store is a database on disk. The dynamic store is information stored in memory. To look the contents of the in-memory dynamic store on the data collector, use queryds command. QueryDS can be found in the support\debug folder of your Presentation Server installation source files. To determine which server is acting as the data collector in the zone run query farm /zone from the command line

4. What is LHC? Answer :- The IMA service running on each Presentation Server downloads the information it needs from the central data store into a local MDB database called the local host cache, or LHC. (The location of the local host cache is specified via a DSN referenced in the registry of the Presentation Server, at HKLM\SOFTWARE\Citrix\IMA\LHCDatasource\DataSourceName. By default this is a file called Imalhc.dsn and is stored in the same place as MF20.dsn.) Each Presentation Server is smart enough to only download information from the data store

that is relevant to it, meaning that the local host cache is unique for every server. Citrix created the local host cache for two reasons: 1. Permits a server to function in the absence of datastore connectivity. 2. Improves performance by caching information used by ICA Clients for enumeration and application resolution. The LHC is an Access database (Imalhc.mdb) stored default in the path <ProgramFiles>\Citrix\Independent Management Architecture folder. LHC contained the following information: 1. All servers in the farm, and their basic information. 2. All applications published within the farm and their properties. 3. All Windows network domain trust relationships within the farm. 4. All information specific to itself. (product code, SNMP settings, licensing information) The LHC is critical in a CPS environment. In fact, its the exclusive interface of the data store to the local server. The local servers IMA service only interacts with the LHC. It never contacts the central data store except when its updating the LHC. If the server loses its connection to the central data store, theres no limit to how long it will continue to function. (In MetaFrame XP, this is limited to 48 or 96 hours, but that was because the data store also store license information.) But today, the server can run forever from the LHC and wont even skip a beat if the central connection is lost. In fact now you can even reboot the server when the central data store is down, and the IMA service will start from the LHC with out any problem. (Older versions of MetaFrame required a registry modification to start the IMA service from the LHC.) The LHC file is always in use when IMA is running, so its not possible to delete it or anything. In theory its possible that this file could become corrupted, and if this happens I guess all sorts of weird things could happen to your server. If you think this is the case in your environment, you can stop the IMA service and run the command dsmaint recreatelhc to recreate the local host cache file, although honestly I dont think this fixes anything very often. Local Host Cache is synchronised with the Data Store by the Zone Data Collector for every 30 minutes and it can also be configured through registry 5. What is Client Lock Down? Answer :- Typically client lockdown is the process of securing an endpoint so that the user can only access authorised features. An example of this would be turning the device into a Thin Client by locking it down so that an end user can only connect to published apps or desktops and can not use other features. 6. What is Printer terminology in Citrix? Answer:- Citrix Printing can be configured 3 ways (types) 1.Local Printing. 2.Network Printing 3.Client Printing Client Printer: The printer connecyted to the Worksation & the drivers are installed on the citrix server for printing.

Network Printer: The Printer connected to the print server & the drivers should be available on the citrix server. Local Printer: The prinetr connected to locally to the citrix server & the driers are installed for the print operation.

7. How to use datastore for database? 8. What is the difference between all citrix versions? Answer:- Citrix Meta frame Presentation server and Xenapp are the different name of the same product updates, Meta frame and Presentation Servers are older versions and Xenapp are the Newer Versions. Both are uses for Virtualization of Applications, Contents & Server desktop. Some features in Xenapp are not available in Presentation servers like V-Disk in Xenapp6.5, 9. What are different load evaluators are available in Citrix Answer:- Different Types of Citrix Load Evaluators 1)CPU Utilization 2)Memory Utilization 3)Page Swap 4)Application User Load 5)Context Switches 6)Disk Data I/O 7)Disk Operations 8)IP Range 9)Page Faults 10)Scheduling 11)Server User Load 10. How to implement Policies in Citrix? Answer:- The Citrix policy can be applied through Console Managment in 3 levels 1. Farm Level 2. Citrix Server Level 3. Policy.

11. What you will check when any user is not able to launch citrix application? Answer:- Verify that latest Citrix client software installed at desktop Verify that user is having correct proxy settings to connect to your Citrix network (for remote users)

try to launch same application from Citrix server(on which you installed and published) Try to add same application to your ID and try to launch Check user permissions for that Applications

12. What is IMA? Answer:- Its a collection of subsystems (dll) that communicate each other and provides services/functions to the presentation server. It works on the port 2512 and 2513. The port 2512 is used for communication between servers and the port 2513 is used for communication with CMC. 13. What is ICAand what is the advantage of ICA? Answer:- ICA Independent Computing Architechture It provides better compression Transmits High-level windows display information 14. What is Speed Screen? Answer:The term SpeedScreen is confusing with regards to Citrix because it actually includes five different technologies that have been created over the last several years. It is easy to get things mixed up, especially since some of the technologies do similar things. This list of five variants is:

SpeedScreen Latency Reduction SpeedScreen Browser Acceleration SpeedScreen Multimedia Acceleration SpeedScreen Flash Acceleration SpeedScreen Image Acceleration

15. What is the query command in Citrix? Answer:1)qfarm 2)querydc 3)queryds 4)queryhr 16. What are the different ports used in Citrix? Here is the PDF attached that contains all the Port details Click Here to download

17. How the licensing works in Citrix and difference in Citrix Licensing version wise? Answer:1) First there would be product licences such as Standard/Advanced/Enterprise/Platinum edition. 2) Then you have to purchase the concurrent licences depending on the no of users this can be downloaded from the website .LIC file depending on the hostname of the server which is case sensitive Standard License For single Server Advanced Supports Network Load Balancing Enterprise For large Infrastructure provides WMI, Load Manager or Resource Manager Platinum Features like Access Gateway and password manager is enabled, edge site server, etc For citrix you would require : 1. Microsoft OS license for the server. 2. Terminal Server License (cals) 3. Citrix Server License.

18. What are the consoles available to manage Citrix server? Answer:Citrix Management Console Access Suite 19. What is Web Interface or Nfuse? Answer:- Citrix Web Interface software (previously known as NFuse) provides Web access to Java, UNIX, and Windows applications that are hosted via Citrix application server software. While Citrixoffers server-side control of hosted applications, Citrix Web Interface makes applications accessible through a Web browser interface

20. What is citrix secure / access gateway and how its work? Answer:Citrix Access Gateway is a secure application access solution that provides administrators granular application-level policy and action controls to secure access to applications and data while allowing users to work from anywhere. It gives IT administrators a single point of control and tools to help ensure compliance with regulations and the highest levels of information security across and outside the enterprise. At the same time, it empowers users with a single point of accessoptimized for roles, devices, and networksto the enterprise

applications and data they need. This unique combination of capabilities helps maximize the productivity of todays mobile workforce. 21. What are the differences between Win2K and 2K3 Terminal server? Answer:- Windows 2000 Terminal Services can be installed in 2 mode, as you say: 1) Remote Administration mode Not really a terminal server. You can connect with a maximum of 2 sessions simultaneously, by default only for Administrators. This mode is very handy for accessing a server (any server!) remotely. So this mode is very often installed on SQL servers, Exchange Servers, etc. Every server that is more than 2 steps away from you, like in a dedicated server room. This mode does not require additional licensing, and does not support multiple users running applications on the server. 2) Application Server mode This is the real terminal server mode, i.e. your terminal server is now configured to handle multiple users, which run applications in a session on the terminal server. This mode requires a Terminal Services Licensing Server and additional licensing for all connecting users (TS CALs). Note that the terminology has changed a bit in Windows 2003: Remote Administration mode is now called Remote Desktop for Administration. It doesnt have to be installed anymore, it comes pre-installed and only has to be enabled, just like on XP. Installing the Terminal Services component of the OS in 2003 implies Application Server mode. This mode is now simply called Terminal Services 22. What is the difference between 2k & 2k3 terminal server licensing? Windows 2000 TS CAL License Types per-device Windows 2003 per-device or per-user

alternate per-server external user license option

Internet Connector License, External Connector $10k, 200 users max, anonymous License, $8k, normal only users

Is license server required?

Yes

Yes Must be 2003

License server version required Windows 2000 or 2003

Grace period before license server is required Temp license lifespan

90 days 90 days

120 days 90 days

Permanent license lifespan

forever (before SP3), 52-89 days 52-89 days (SP3 and later) Member server or domain controller

License Server installation location Must TS and Lic Serv be in same domain (or trust)? Reg hack for hard-coding lic server

Domain controller only

No

Yes As many license servers as you want Yes

One license server only

License Server security groups No

Must license server be activated No to distribute temp licenses?

No

Must license server be activated to distribute permanent Yes licenses? Free TS CALs for Win 2000 clients? Free TS CALs for Win XP clients? Yes

Yes

No Only if Win XP bought before April 25, 2003

Yes

23. What is Printer driver replication and mapping? Printer driver replication means if you have a network printer and if you want to share it among other Citrix servers, then we can replicate that driver to be used by all the Citrix servers or for few selected Citrix servers, however that driver should be installed in the Citrix server from which we are replicating the driver.

Printer mapping relates to mapping the driver software for specific domain users only, these can be dont by right clicking on the driver or by the printer option on the left plane of Citrix presentation server console.