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A Seminar report on

Work Study
By Akshat Jain Submitted to: Mechanical Engineering Department


Third Year. the success of this project depends largely on the encouragement and guidelines of many others. k for his constant support and guidance throughout the course of my work. It is only his cognizant efforts that mine endeavour have seen light of the day. Last but not the least. His sincerity. I acknowledge my friends for their contribution in the completion of the seminar report. I take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the people who have been instrumental in the successful completion of this report. I also do not like to miss the opportunity to acknowledge the contribution of all dignitary Staffmembers of college of engineering roorkee for their kind assistance and cooperation during the development of my Seminar report. Tech.Acknowledgement It gives me a great sense of pleasure to present the B. Tech(3rd year) . thoroughness and perseverance have been a constant source of inspiration for me.Tech Seminar report undertaken during B. B. I owe special debt of gratitude to respected Mr. Akshat Jain Mechanical Engineering. Apart from my efforts.

in scope and quality. as a seminar report. Signature Seminar Guide .CERTIFICATE This is to certify that I have read this report and that in my opinion it is fully adequate.

Content 1. Multiple Activity Chart 5. Micromotion Study 5 6 7 8 9 15. Conclusion 16. Work Study 2. Method Study Or Work Measurement 3. Approach to Methods Design 4. References 10 11 .

which are used for the examination of human work in all its contexts. material. he invented an adjustable scaffold and developed a set of motions that greatly increased the number of bricks that could be laid in a .Work Study Definition by ILO: Is a generic term for techniques. another set when working at average speed. As a result of his observations. . who in 1885 was employed as an apprentice bricklayer. particularly method study and work measurement. soon observed that a journeyman bricklayer used one set of motions when laying bricks slowly. and which lead systematically to investigation of all the factors which affect the efficiency and economy of the situation being reviewed. Frank B Gilbreth first become interested in methods analysis as an outgrowth of his observations of brick-laying. Lillian M.) who developed many of the tools of “motion study” as a part of formulation a systematic approach to the analysis of work methods. and still a different set when working at rapid speed. money and machinery) to achieve best possible quality work in minimum possible time. in order to seek improvements. and his wife.which involves least possible time and causes least possible fatigue to the worker Origin of Methods Engineering Methods engineering grew out of the pioneering developments of the Gilbreths (Frank B. Gilbreth. Work study investigates the work done in an organization and aims at finding the best and the most efficient way of utilizing the available resources (man.

Equipment type) 3. Work Measurement – Establishing the time required by a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance Work Measurement – Establishing the time required by a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance Recording Techniques . Two handed process chart (or Left hand-Right hand chart) 5. SIMO chart (Simultaneous Motion Cycle chart) 2. Multiple activity chart 4. Models . Material type. Process Charts 1. Flow diagram 2. Cyclegraph 4.METHOD STUDY OR WORK MEASUREMENT Method Study – Systematic recording & critical examination of the way of doing a work as a mean for developing more effective methods & reducing costs. String diagram 3. Chronocyclegraph 3. Diagrams 1. Outline Process chart (or operation process chart) 2. Flow Process chart (Man type.: 1.

Approach to Methods Design Charles E. organizational. including physical. assembled toasters. boxes. 5. contractual. Input: The physical items. 1. such as finished steel. 6. . 4. Sequence: The steps required to convert. 7. and legal environment. eight elements must be considered. and/or information that enter the system to be processed into the output. 8. Information aids: Knowledge and information resources that aid in the steps of the sequence without becoming part of the output. mission. aim or need for the system. attitudinal. Geisel States that in order to design a system (method) thoroughly. transform. Purpose: The function. Environment: The condition under which the system operates. cultural. people. Physical catalysts: The equipment and physical resources that aid in the steps of the sequence without becoming part of the output. 2. and so forth. Output: That which the system produces to accomplish its purpose. or process the input to the output. 3. political. Human agents: The people who aid in the steps of the sequence without becoming a part of the output.

we are familiar with the fact that one can take motion pictures at high speed and then. or to bring about the best balance of crew activity. the time factor is an important consideration and necessitates the use of a graphical representation involving time. By the same token. There are many situations in which it is difficult to observe all of the action taking place because of the high speed of activities or the complexity of the operation. we can take the pictures at slow speed and project them at what appears to be high speed.Multiple Activity Chart In those operations involving the combination of a person and a machine. discussed in some detail in sections that follow. Very often the objectives of this type of analysis are to attain the maximum utilization of a machine. Having observed slow-motion motion pictures. Use of Videotape In the past. Or they may have wished to use the film for analysis purposes. they may have wanted a permanent record of the work as it was being performed. methods engineers may have had several objectives in mind. to attain the optimum person to machine relationship. First and foremost. commonly referred to as “micromotion” or “memomotion” studies. slow the action down. In using motion pictures. the experienced methods engineer found that one of the most important aids was the use of motion pictures. or any combination of people and machines where delays are prevalent. the multiple activity chart provides a convenient technique for analyzing the combined activity. by projecting them at normal speed. a person and several machines. . For this reason.

Gilbreth. contain rapid movements. The film becomes a permanent record of both the method being used and the time consumed in doing the work. Micromotion study provides a valuable technique for making minute analyses of those operations that are short in cycle. Although micromotion study formerly made use of motion pictures. As indicated earlier. is one of the most exacting forms of work analysis available for job improvement. Thus it is very useful in analyzing operations such as the sewing of garments. and involve high production over a long period of time. very few companies today are using them. assembly of small parts and similar activities.Micromotion Study Micromotion study. videotape equipment has been developed so extensively that it has virtually supplanted the use of the motion picture camera. . Further it is so cheap and easy to use that it makes the older approach archaic. which was originated by Frank B. It is an analysis technique making use of motion pictures (or videotape) taken at a constant and known speed.

It helps in estimating labor cost 6. It helps in man power planning 5.It helps in budgeting .CONCLUSION Work study is beneficial for: 1. To improve methods of doing jobs 4. To set standard time for a job 3. To reduce ineffective time 2. 2) 3) http://www.References 1) .