Issue 4 Volume 2, August 2013

MT ROSKILL (Puketapapa) Historical Society Newsletter
Visit us on the web:.
https://sites.google.com/site/roskillhistory/

Hill site up to the 1941 eviction, when they then moved to the second and current Mt Roskill location. The very specific nature of the subject material limits reader interest but it is still an important contribution to the overall history of Mt Roskill Puketapapa. The book is well illustrated with a good collection of photographs and has good lists of staff, Club champions and elected officials. My one and only complaint is that we see yet another history publication without an index. Garth Houltham PS Currently there is talk that the Club could be struggling and may have to be sold possibly to developers for subdivision. Should this be the case the publication has come at a very opportune time.

AUGUST MEETING
Sunday August 4th, 2pm St David's in the Fields 202 Hillsborough Rd - Coin donation appreciated to cover rental of the lounge. Guest speaker: David Wong, Chinese New Zealand Oral History Foundation. Dave will talk about the foundation, what they have done, how they do interviews, issues that arise in recording oral history, and more....! As the Historical Society is looking at undertaking oral history in the future, this will be a useful workshop so hope to see as many of you as possible there.

UPCOMING TALK
Filling the cradles: private residential maternity homes with LISA TRUTTMAN
Wednesday 14 August, 12pm - 1pm Central City Library, Level 2. Book by phoning the Research Centre on 307 7771. From late in the 19th century until World War II, the practice of midwifery developed into the organised establishment of public maternity hospitals such as St Helens at Pitt Street. It also spread to include private residential maternity homes operated by licensed nurses and local GPs in suburbs of towns around New Zealand. Little has been recorded about these private services or the nurses who ran them who saw a considerable percentage of New Zealanders into the world up until the 1950s. Join Lisa as she discusses her knowledge of private residential maternity homes.

Have you paid your $10 subs?? Due now!
Maungakiekie -The First 100 Years by Garth Vipond , 115 pages

Thanks to the generosity of member Margaret Ting we have been able to add this new publication to our collection. This well researched history details the development of the Maungakiekie Golf Club, firstly at the One Tree

... Someone who may be interested in joining the society? If so, please forward our information on to them. See back page for details.

SPECIAL FREE EVENT
For Family Historians
Find Your Past: a day with Josh Taylor Monday 5 August, 10am - 7.30pm at the Central City Library, Whare Wānanga, Level 2 Bookings essential - Central Auckland Research Centre on 09 307 7771. Make real progress in your family history research with a full day of advice, tips and tricks from Josh Taylor, one of the lead genealogists at family history research website FindMyPast US. Josh and other experts will help you break down any brick walls you've reached in your research and find your way back into the past.

It has been has been quite some time since we published the second article in the on-going story about the Cyrus Haley Affair. In this 3rd article we publish a write up about Cyrus that was in the Otago Daily Times in 1875. Unfortunately there is no record of the source of all the information contained in the article so the accuracy of the details it contains could perhaps be suspect. It does give us an interesting insight detailing aspects of the life of Cyrus Haley. It clearly shows how unstable he was and how vindictive he could be thus explaining the events that took place at the Pah Homestead.. HALEY'S CAREER IN ENGLAND AND INDIA. Haley began life as agent in Glasgow for his father, who was a clothier in Bramley, near Leeds, and who carried on his business at an establishment known as the Waterloo Mills. Haley's wild manner of living in Glasgow got him into difficulty, which resulted in his enlistment into the Royal Engineers. Shortly after, he was drafted to India, went through the Persian war and got wounded. He next got into difficulty at a place in India, the name of which we cannot correctly ascertain. He was under the charge of an officer, to revenge his spite on whom he buried a chest of money in order to get him into trouble. For this offence he was tried by Court Martial,

and found guilty- He was sentenced to six year penal servitude. Owing to his insubordinate conduct in prison, and his escaping on several occasions, the Government, in order to have him confined more closely, had him forwarded to the penal establishment in Portland, England. After remaining in Portland for four and a-half years, and getting tired of his lonely seclusion in that island, he made overtures to the authorities that if the Government deemed it desirable to send him back to India he would discover to them the treasure that he had concealed. He went back to India, or rather was taken there, fulfilled his promise, showing where the treasure was hidden, the whole amount was recovered, and the Officer, who had had to make good the deficiency, got his money back again. At the expiration of the term of his sentence he was allowed to leave the Royal Engineers, owing to the disgrace into which he got himself. Through the good offices of a gentleman in Bombay, who was a Bank manager there, and who was acquainted with Haley's father, he received an appointment as storekeeper on the line of the Bombay and Baroda Railway. While there he got on so well as to be able to mix in good society. However, he determined on a change, and his resolution came about in the following manner —He was invited to a Government party in Bombay. But prior to its taking place he found that his old acquaintance, Major Hancock, the officer the treasure confided to whom he had buried, was to be one of the party, and fearing that he might be detected and exposed as being an ex-convict to those at the party and in Bombay generally, he not only did not go to the party, but he left speedily for England. Soon after arrival he got married in London. We next hear of him in a way in which his sharpness comes to the fore. He, with the assistance of his father, formed a Coal Company, called "The Pall Mall Guinea Coal Company,' being an opposition to the well-known Guinea Coal Company, Pall Mall, of Messrs Lee and Jardine. Messrs Lee and Jardine, were a powerful firm, and did not want to see their name traded upon; Mr Lee, at that time, was M. P. for Maidstone, Kent. A suit was instituted, and the result was that the Haley's were involved in the whole of the costs, which were very heavy. Cyrus Haley thereupon absconded, wandered about Liverpool and Manchester for about six months; his wife this time was living in London. Hearing that the bailiffs were after him, Haley returned to London, and determined on a course which well
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shows what the character of the man was. He was aware that on a certain day and hour Mr Lee would be in the fulfilment of his business present at a place he knew of. Haley provided him-self with a pair of six-chambered revolvers and a screwdriver. He repaired to a coffee-house, where he loaded the pistols, and then went to the London Parcels Delivery Company's Office, Rolls Buildings, Fetter Lane, where the Board was sitting at its half-yearly meeting. The door opened by a spring from the inside —when it was closed, it could not be opened from the outside. Haley applied the screwdriver, forced open the door, and gaine admittance to the room where the Board was sitting, of which Mr Lee was chairman. Before anything could be done, Haley, to the amazement of the astonished members of the Board, produced pistols, and extorted from Mr Lee, with a pistol pointed at his (Mr Lee's) head, a premise that he would withdraw the warrant out for his (Haley's) apprehension. The warrant was withdrawn on the understanding that Haley should leave the country. Haley, however, did net leave the country, no one dared to have the warrant put into effect against him, and Haley's next step was to become the landlord of a hotel. Haley had previously been a director of the Parcels Delivery Company, knew everything as to their time of meeting, and the arrangements of the place, and when he presented the pistol at Mr Lee, his (Haley's) brother was present in the Board room, and held the position of Secretary to the Board. The hotel Haley kept was the' Vernon Head, North Audley Street, Grosvenor Square. This was in about 1869. He was a restless man, and his next move was to emigrate to Auckland. His doings there are well known; he was preeminently "the fire-raiser." For his destroying the kerosene stores, Mechanics .Bay, no motive could ever be assigned and his reason was that there was at that time a number of men out of work, and he wanted to give them employment. In order to foil the detectives in regard to the burning down of his restaurant, he gave the key to his manager, and the manager, being examined, swore to the fact. But the explanation was that Haley had filed down an old key which he had till it was similar in wards to the key he gave to the manager, and with, the old key he effected an entrance and set fire to the place. We have it on the best authority that had Haley succeeded in escaping from, custody, it was his intention to murder his wife and commit suicide, as he had reason to believe that she had been

exposing his villany. That he, knowing from the gaol chaplain where Mrs Haley was, had made up his mind to trace her, lying in ambush till cover of night, when he would have attacked and murdered her, and then committed suicide. In Lee's case he had determined if Lee would not withdraw the warrant to shoot Lee and then shoot himself. After hearing that his children were confined in the Industrial School, he said that rather than have his children made criminals of he would have killed them all, and his demeanour showed that he meant what he said. The following are specimens of Haley's writings. He was much given to essays:— " As regards prison drudgery on Bell Hill, if it does not in the end bring down the percentages of relapses gloriously reformatory prison discipline must be a delusion. Those who seek to inaugurate it are chasing a bubble, and the best thing society can do" will be to hang, shoot, or decapitate every man whom it can catch and prove to have committed a crime. In another place he says, writing of the devil :— " As he passed by Dunedin gaol, He saw the dark solitary cell And the devil was pleased, for it gave him a hint, For improving his prison in hell!" These lines are on solitary confinement. He winds up by saying :— " All punishments the world can render, Serve only to provoke the offender; The will gains strength from treatment horrid, As hides grow harder when they're curried." They are all quotations, but they show what his mind most ran on when reading. The first quotation is slightly localised. Otago Daily Times 9 October 1875

A BLAST FROM THE PAST
A HOME FOR OUR VETERANS
Auckland Star, Volume XXXIII, Issue 115, 16 May 1902, Page 4

For the cause that lacks assistance, for the wrong that needs resistance, For the future in the distance and the good that we can do. At yesterday's meeting of the Empire Veterans’ Association, His Excellency the Governor brought under discussion a matter to which he had already referred when distributing decorations to our veterans a short time ago. His Excellency then mentioned that he was communicating with the Incorporated Soldiers' and Sailors' Help Society with reference to the objects of that organisation, and yesterday he read a' letter on
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the subject which he had received from the secretary. The letter stated that the purpose of the Society is to provide homes for British sailors and soldiers throughout the Empire, and though New Zealand "had not yet been included in the Society's programme, the secretary Sees no reason why the benefits of the scheme should not be extended to this colony. It was to rouse interest in this matter that His Excellency addressed the Veterans’ Association yesterday. Most people will be astonished to learn on the unimpeachable authority of Capt. DAVENEY that there are now in New Zealand about 7000 old Imperial soldiers, whose service dates back us far as the end of the Maori wars. Many of these have suffered throughout their later lives from the privations or physical injuries that they have received in fighting for our homes and families or for the Empire. Few soldiers who have not risen above the ranks are ever able to make any comfortable provision for their old age and with the sense of personal dignity, inseparable from true courage, few old soldiers are willing to receive charity. Their pensions are in most cases quite inadequate to their requirements, and many of these men, whom we should be proud to honour for what they have done for us and their country, have drifted down through want and destitution to a pauper's grave. Then we have to remember, that we have sent over 6000 men, to South Africa, and that the majority of these will return far less capable than before of making a successful struggle in life. Even those who have not lost a limb, or ruined their constitutions in South Africa, have in many cases surrendered positions -which they cannot expect to regain. Moreover, as His Excellency pointed out, large numbers of our young men not attached to any of our contingents have done good work for the Empire in South Africa, and these too, should be considered in estimating the debt that we, in common with the whole Empire, owe to our defenders. The Government cannot be expected to make satisfactory provision for all such cases, and we have to face the certainty that for the next two generations the country will contain a large number of men who are less able than ordinary civilians to provide for, themselves, and whom we are under a serious obligation to treat, if not with especial honour, at least with the amount of consideration involved in providing for their material needs in extreme old age. These are the facts that have aroused His Excellency's generous sympathy, and he made a powerful

appeal to the Veterans Association on behalf of his scheme. His Excellency has already written to H.E.H. the Princess Christian, who is President of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Help Society,' and also to the Prince of Wales, explaining his views, and has formally applied to the Help Society for its assistance in establishing a veterans’ home in New Zealand. As His Excellency remarked, such an institution would naturally be located either in Auckland, or Taranaki, as the great majority of the old veterans have settled in these provinces. The home which His Excellency contemplates is not to be a duplicate of the charitable institutions where old soldiers are now often compelled to drag out the last few; years of life in a monotonous existence little removed in their eyes from penal- servitude, and to .'them almost as degrading. His Excellency spoke feelingly of the want of liberty and Independence from which men in such a position must suffer, and he protested against j the compulsory separation of husband from wife, a restriction so unendurable that many of these old men submit to abject poverty rather than obey it. In such a home as His Excellency desires all reasonable freedom shall be allowed, husband and wife shall spend the end of life together, and every effort shall be made to provide at least some small degree of comfort for their declining years. We think that His Excellency can be sure that his kindly words and generous enthusiasm on behalf of our veterans will command a large degree of public sympathy. The establishment of such a home as he suggests, with accommodation for-forty inmates, is, of course, a matter of considerable expense. But when we hear what reply the Help Society, with which His Excellency is corresponding, gives to his appeal, we hope that the Veterans’ Association will take the matter up in earnest. There are certainly few objects 'which the general public would be so fully justified in supporting in a generous and open handed way; The example set by the United' States after the Civil War is certainly not to be followed by us; but even the indiscriminate and reckless American pension system was the creation of generous and patriotic impulses, and we would do well to take the lesson to heart. The English nation has been in the past far too careless of its obligation to those who spend the best part of their lives in upholding the Empire on sea and land., The niggardly and grudging way in which British sailors are treated is a dishonour to our splendid naval traditions; and in spite of all the enthusiasm
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over the South African war there are only too many proofs to be discovered that the majority of people regard our soldiers in time of peace as an inferior class to whom personal consideration and social privilege may safely be denied. This is a truly contemptible frame of mind for a great nation to manifest; and we cannot show too soon that we have no sympathy with it. His Excellency's suggestion that a veterans home on the lines he has indicated, would be a worthy memorial of those New Zealanders who have fallen in South Africa, will, we believe, meet with hearty approval; for it would enable us, not only to pay fitting honour to the dead, but to show in a practical and rational way that we have not forgotten the claims of the no less deserving and gallant survivors.
Learn more about the Ranfurly Veterans Home in September during the annual Heritage Festival when Garth will present a talk on how this heritage treasure came to be in our community.

second ‘post’ Waitangi Treaty, Governor Robert FitzRoy in the early 1840s. Mount Roskill was located in the Hundred of Auckland during the 1850s. The settlers who are recorded as owning live-stock included George (11 Great Cattle) and Joseph May (65 Great Cattle) [New Zealander, 21 February, 1852 P4]. There was no Captain Machell listed as he would not take up a lease until 1868. I have been studying the landscape history of both the Napier Botanic Garden and Public Cemetery that lie side by side, and found a very important detailed report of a general government inquiry into Church Trusts of both Auckland and the Hawkes Bay that included the management of Auckland and Napier public cemeteries. Published as the ‘First Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the condition and Nature of Trust Estates for Religious, Charitable, and Educational Purposes’ in the Appendix to the Journal of House of Representatives of NZ, 1869, A 05, it included considerable history of the Three Kings Wesleyan Church institutions, such as the Wesleyan Native Institution and the Three Kings School that appears to have been closed for a number of years as a result of the General Government Commission of Inquiry. Before 1869 the Three Kings Industrial School was established for the education of destitute children of ‘both races’ with the destitute European children called ‘City Arabs’ according to the 1869 report!! The oldest buildings are described as being built of timber and were still in use in the 1860s but being replaced by stone buildings described in some detail in the Commission of Inquiry. At the time of the Commission Inquiry Captain Machell had leased some 100 hectares [300 acres] about Three Kings and Mount Roskill as a dairy and sheep farm. Machell leased the land for the annual sum of 250 pounds. In the autumn of 1871 he sold his lease and his substantial livestock - sheep and cows. [See below: New Zealand Herald, 11 March, 1871. P4]. A Mr Morrison bought the lease for 200 pounds and was still leasing in 1876 [Thee Kings Farm, Daily Southern Cross, 20 March 1876, P3] Captain Machell was associated with the 62nd Wilshire Regiment before he and his wife – Christian names of both are unknown – arrived in Auckland about 1866. He and his wife attended the Queen’s Birthday Grand Invitation Ball in May
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Captain Machell’s ‘Long Woolled Ewes’ of Three Kings – A Pioneer Farmer.
For about three years Captain Machell farmed portions of the extensive and inland portion of the Wesleyan farmlands that lay about the northern portion of the volcanic cones. This land was organised for the Wesleyan Church by the

1866 at the Auckland Government House [Daily Southern Cross, 25 May, 1866 P4]. Machell was employed subsequently as Aide De Camp for the Governor General, Sir George Bowen (18211899), during the early 1870s.

earnest. It is hoped that the first stage of the upgrade will be completed in time for ANZAC Day next year. Financial Report:. Thanks to a grant received from the Puketapapa Local Board and the Roskill history book, we are in quite a healthy financial situation. The President then moved that the membership subscription remain at $10. Election of Officers: The election of officers then took place. The following nominations were received. President: Garth Houltham Vice President: Lisa Truttman Secretary: Margaret Ting Treasurer:Peter McConnell Minutes Secretary: Susan Sweetman Roskill’s People: ‘The Treasury Thames’ The President reported on the Roskill’s People Index with indexing continuing. He drew people’s attention to ‘The Treasury Project’ based in Thames and suggested this may be a suitable format for presenting the material to the wider community. He invited members to look at this site on the internet for feedback at a future meeting

We know nothing about what became of Mrs and Captain Machell. Did they retire back to Britain? There is some evidence that suggests they lived at Onehunga, owing property here. [Source: New Zealand Herald, 11 March, 1871. P4]

CONTACT DETAILS
President, Garth Houltham, garph@ihug.co.nz Newsletter Editor: Joanne joanne.graves@gmail.com Committee: John Adam, Lisa Truttman Anneli Torrance, Basil Pinhey

MT ROSKILL (PUKETAPAPA) HISTORICAL SOCIETY AGM - Abridged notes
Held at the Fre y be rg Ro om M t Ros k ill War M e mo ria l Ha ll S unday June 9t h 2 013
Guest Speaker: Bill McKay Auckland School of Architecture was our guest speaker speaking on NZ War Memorials’ War Memorial Project Update: The President provided an update about where the War Memorial Upgrade Project was at. The design competition has been launched. The winning entries will be displayed following judging in August. At that stage fundraising will begin in

JOINING INFORMATION
One year subscription: $10 Contact Garth Houltham garph@ihug.co.nz for joining information or write to: Puketapapa Historical Society Garth Houltham, 15 McIlroy Street Hillsborough, Auckland 1042.

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