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Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C

)
ATA 71 – POWER PLANT

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FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

© JT15D - ISSUE 1, 2009

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C)
ATA 71 – POWER PLANT

ATA 71– POWER PLANT
0 TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 2 2.1 2.2 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 4 4.1 4.2 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 7 7.1 7.2 8 8.1 8.2 Basic turbofan operation Flanges Flanges – JT15D-1/4 Flanges - JT15D-5 Bearings Ball type Roller type 5 Main bearings Oil dampening Shafts Low pressure rotor shaft (N1) High pressure rotor shaft (N2) Stations JT15D-1/1A/1B JT15D-4/4B/4D JT15D-5A JT15D-5D Operating limits JT15D-1/1A/1B JT15D-4/4B/4D JT15D-5A JT15D-5D Starting temperature limits JT15D-1 and 4 series JT15D-5 series Engine views JT15D-1 and 4 series JT15D-5 series 3 4 4 5 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 9 10 10 10 11 11 12 12 13 14 14 17

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FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

© JT15D - ISSUE 1, 2009

Air from the high pressure compressor is discharges in the gas generator and then enters the combustion chamber. fuel is introduced in the combustion chamber. A two stage low pressure turbine drives the low pressure axial compressor (fan + booster). The two rotors are not mechanically connected and rotate at different speeds. The inner path (core) flow goes through a single stage axial booster rotor mounted behind the fan to increase the air pressure before it enters the centrifugal high pressure compressor (JT15D-4. and then the airflow separates into two paths. When the starter and ignition systems activates. Page 3 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D . When the high pressure compressor reaches selfsustaining speed. the starter and ignition systems turn off since a continuous flame exists in the combustion chamber. the high and low pressure compressors. 5A and 5D series). the high pressure compressor draws air into the engine. The combustion causes the gases to expand and to flow out of the combustion chamber. Spark igniters ignite the mixture and the combustion gases begin to drive the high and low pressure rotors as they pass through the turbines. A single stage high turbine drives the high pressure centrifugal compressor. The fan draws air into the engine. When sufficient compressor speed is reached.Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 1 BASIC TURBOFAN OPERATION The JT15D is a lightweight turbofan engine and consists of one low pressure and one high pressure compressor rotor. Fuel mixes with the air and the two spark igniters cause the mixture to ignite. High velocity gases provide rotational energy to the high and low turbines in order to drive respectively. On the JT15D-1 series. The bypass flow is then discharged to atmosphere through the bypass ducts to generate thrust.ISSUE 1. The outer path (bypass) flows between the engine core and the outer bypass duct. Thrust generated at the exhaust nozzle adds-up to the thrust generated through the bypass duct. air goes directly to the centrifugal high pressure compressor. The high and low turbine stators accelerate the gases through their convergent passages. 2009 . The hot gases discharge to the atmosphere through the exhaust nozzle.

All engine driven accessories are mounted on the accessory gearbox that is driven by the high pressure rotor. The engine shuts down when fuel flow to the combustion chamber is cut off. 2 2. The principle flanges for the JT15D-5A/5D are shown in Figure 4. A) B) C) D) Low pressure compressor inlet case to intermediate case Intermediate case to outer bypass duct Gas generator case to low turbine stator support case Low turbine stator support case to exhaust case Page 4 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D . An integral oil tank located in the intermediate case provides oil to the bearings and gears.Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT The pilot now can set the engine thrust using the cockpit power lever.1 FLANGES Flanges – JT15D-1/4 The principle flanges are shown in figure 71-3 for the JT15D-1/1A/1B/4/4B/4D.ISSUE 1. A Fuel Control Unit (FCU) mounted on the fuel pump regulates fuel flow to the fuel nozzles in response to the thrust requirements and flight conditions. 2009 .

2009 . A) B) C) D) Low pressure compressor inlet case to intermediate case Intermediate case to outer bypass duct Gas generator case to low turbine stator support case Low turbine stator support case to exhaust case Page 5 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 2.ISSUE 1.2 Flanges – JT15D-5 The principle flanges for the JT15D-5A/5D are shown in Figure 71-4.

3.1 Ball type Absorb axial and radial loads. 3 /2 (Roller) inter-shaft bearing. 3. The bearings installation in the JT15D-5 is illustrated in Figure 716. 3. Page 6 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .2 Roller type Absorb radial loads only and allows rotor to expand due to heat. supports the low pressure compressor and turbine shaft No.3 5 main bearings No. 3 (Roller) supports rear end of high pressure rotor shaft No.Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 3 BEARINGS The bearing installation in the JT15-1/4 is illustrated in Figure 71-5. 4 (Roller) supports rear end of low pressure rotor shaft and is an oil dampened bearing 3. 2 (Ball) supports front end of high pressure rotor shaft and is an oil dampened bearing 1 No.4 Oil dampening A thin oil film that surrounds the bearing outer race absorbs the vibrations generated by the rotors. 1 (Ball) supports front end of low pressure rotor shaft and is an oil dampened bearing No. 2009 .ISSUE 1.

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 4 SHAFTS The JT15D-1/4 shaft installation is illustrated in Figure 71-5.2 High pressure Rotor Shafts (N2) The high compressor shaft supports the high pressure compressor impeller at the front end while the high turbine shaft supports the rear end The high turbine is mounted on the high turbine shaft CW rotation Page 7 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D . 4. 2009 .1 Low pressure Rotor Shafts (N1) The fan and booster are mounted on the low compressor shaft. The JT15D-5 shaft installation is illustrated in Figure 71-6.ISSUE 1. the low turbines are mounted on the low turbines shaft The two shafts are splined together CW rotation 4.

4/2.0 24.Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 5 5.4 150.ISSUE 1.0 115.0 18.3 20.2 580.2 5.3 PRESS.0 43.6 2. PSIA 14.5 3 4 5 6 7 TEMP.8 65.4 20.5 PRESS.2 JT15D-4/4B/4D STATIONS 2 2.4/2.0 148.0 563.0 358.0 18.0 580.6 2. F° 59 145 150 632 1805 1335 1077 1046 TEMP.5 723.1 STATIONS JT15D-1/1A/1B STATIONS 2 2.5 18.7 18.0 35. F° 59 145 186 677 1850 1395 1130 1096 TEMP. PSIA 14.2 757.7 18.2 563.0 117.5 985.5 3 4 5 6 7 TEMP.5 333.8 86. 2009 .5 1010. C° 15 62. C° 15 62.0 Page 8 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .

5 992.0 25.2 567.0 175.4 JT15D-5D STATIONS 2 2.2 739.0 60.5 732.3 JT15D-5A STATIONS 2 2.7 24.2 549.4/2. F° 59 156 235 735 1818 1364 1063 1033 TEMP.0 TEMP.3 109.0 34.ISSUE 1.5 3 4 5 6 7 5.9 572.0 179.6 2.2 Page 9 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .7 24. C° 15 68.Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 5. 2009 .4 193. C° 15 68.7 556.2 37.2 25.8 112.5 378.8 390. F° 59 155 229 713 1813 1350 1053 1021 TEMP. PSIA 14.3 989.5 3 4 5 6 7 TEMP.7 189. PSIA 14.6 2.1 PRESS.3 64.4 25.4/2.7 25.5 PRESS.

1% N1 by the airframe manufacturer 6.540 103.4 103. 2009 .800 (97) 31.450 (96) 16.800 (97) N1 JT15D-4/4 D RPM (%) 16.800 (97) 31.120 N2 % 95 95 95 95 45 95 RPM 15.860 (106) 17.2 JT15D-4/4B/4D Maximum ITT JT15D-4B °C 710 690 690 680 580 500 730 N2 JT15D-4 RPM (%) 31.450 (96) 31.800 (97) 31.000 (49) 31.450 (96) 31.860 (106) 16.450 (96) 31.540 16.840 15.860 (106) Oil Pressure PSI 70 to 95 70 to 95 70 to 95 70 to 95 35 min.860 (106) 16.1 OPERATING LIMITS JT15D-1/1A/1B Thrust setting Maximum ITT °C Take-off (5 minute) Max continuous Max climb continuous Max cruise Idle continuous Starting Transient NOTE: 700 680 680 670 580 500 720 RPM 31.840 N1 JT15D-1 % 99 99 99 99 N1 JT15D-1A/1B RPM % 16.540 (104) N1 JT15D-4B RPM% (%) 16.540 (104) 16.160 101 16.860 (106) 16.120 31.3 The JT15D-1A engine is limited to 102.Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 6 6.540 (104) 16.540 16.800 (97) 16. Oil Temperature °C 10 to 121 0 to 121 0 to 121 0 to 121 -40 to 121 -40 0 to 1 38 Thrust setting JT15D-4 °C 700 680 680 670 580 500 720 JT15D-4D °C 720 680 680 670 580 500 740 Take-off (5 minute) Max continuous Max climb continuous Max cruise Idle continuous Starting Transient 16.120 14.840 15.840 15.540 16.4 103.4 Oil Pressure PSI 65 to 95 65 to 95 65 to 95 65 to 95 35(min) Oil Temperature °C 10to 113 0 to 113 0 to 113 0 to 113 -40 to 113 -40 0 to 113 16.850 105.740 31.450 (96) N2 JT15D-4B/4D RPM (%) 31.540 (104) 16.4 103.120 31.ISSUE 1.000 (49) 31.120 31.170 (108) Page 10 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 6.) 95 (90 sec) Oil Temperature °C 10 to 121 10 to 121 10 to 121 -40 to 121 -40 (min.) 135 max (15 min.) 97 RPM 16.540 16.) 31 .540 16.860 16.070 (min.170 N1 % 100 100 100 102 Oil Pressure PSI 60 to 90 60 to 90 60 to 90 40 (min.860 N1 % 104 104 104 106 Oil Pressure PSI 60 to 83 60 to 83 60 to 83 35 (min.035 (min.777 15.3 JT15D-5A Thrust setting ITT °C Take-off (5 minute) Max continuous Max climb continuous Idle continuous Starling Transient 6.) 96 RPM 16.4 JT15D-5D Thrust setting ITT °C Take-off (5 minute) Max continuous Max climb continuous Idle continuous Starting Transient 720 700 700 550 740 RPM 31.540 16. max) 700 680 680 550 720 RPM 31.777 31.ISSUE 1.450 31.450 N2 % 96 96 96 52 (min.860 16. 2009 . max) Page 11 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .) 31.777 31.) 95 (90 sec) Oil Temperature °C 10 to 121 10 to 121 10 to 121 -40 to 121 -40 (min.) 135 max (15 min.450 31.860 17.777 N2 % 97 97 97 46 (min.450 17.

71-10) Page 12 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D . (Refer to Fig.1 STARTING TEMPERATURE LIMITS JT15D-1 and 4 Series Starting temperature in excess of 500°C should be investigated.ISSUE 1. 2009 .Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 7 7.

(Refer to Fig.ISSUE 1. 71-11).Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 7.2 JT15D-5 Series Starting temperature in excess of 550°C should be investigated. 2009 . Page 13 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .

3 /2 and 4 bearing P3 lines for FCU and T1 probe anti-icing T1 harness Page 14 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .1 ENGINE VIEWS JT15D-1 and 4 series 8.1.1 Right Front View 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Nose cone Low Compressor (Fan) Main oil pressure boss Check valve housing Accessory gearbox drain Fuel flow meter location Oil pressure regulating valve Oil cooler Oil filter bypass valve Oil pressure line Oil filler neck and dipstick P3 Cabin bleed 1 Oil pressure line to no.Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 8 8.ISSUE 1. 2009 .

4 bearing scavenge line Accessory gearbox Oil scavenge line. return to tank Oil pump assembly N2 tacho generator pad Starter generator pad N1 tacho generator pad Boroscope port (D-4 only) Anti-icing valve Oil tank drain plug Page 15 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .1.Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 8.2 Left Front View 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 P3 to anti-icing valve Second exciter box location (optional) No. 2009 .ISSUE 1.

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 8. 2009 .3 Bottom View 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Data plate (located on bottom of AGB) Fuel pump inlet screen FCU (fuel control unit) Cabin bleed air (P3) Flow divider valve Primary fuel line from flow divider Secondary fuel line from flow divider Motive flow valve Step modulator valve Fuel filter Oil filter Oil pressure regulating valve Page 16 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .ISSUE 1.1.

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 8.2. 2009 .ISSUE 1.1 Right Front View 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Nose cone Low Compressor (Fan) Main oil pressure boss Check valve housing Accessory gearbox drain Fuel flow meter location Oil pressure regulating valve Oil cooler Oil filter bypass valve Oil pressure lines P3 Cabin bleed P3 lines for FCU and T1 probe anti-icing T1 harness Bleed valve controller (BVC) Electrical harness Anti-icing line (T2 sensor) T2 sensor Ambient pressure sensor (Pamb) Integral bladed rotor (IBR) Oil pressure Anti-siphon line Page 17 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .2 JT15D-5 Series 8.

2 Left Front View 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 P3 to anti-icing valve No.ISSUE 1.Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 8. 2009 .2. return to tank N2 speed sensors (2) Oil pump assembly Starter generator pad Oil filler neck and dipstick N1 sensors Boroscope port Anti-icing valve Page 18 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D . 4 bearing scavenge line Second exciter box location Oil scavenge line.

3 Bottom View 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Data plate (located on bottom of AGB) Fuel pump inlet screen FCU (fuel control unit) Cabin bleed air (P3) Flow divider valve Primary fuel line from flow divider Secondary fuel line from flow divider Motive flow valve Bleed valve actuator Fuel filter Oil filter Oil pressure regulating valve Oil tank drain plug Page 19 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D . 2009 .Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT 8.2.ISSUE 1.

ISSUE 1. 2009 .Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 71 – POWER PLANT PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Page 20 of 20 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY © JT15D .