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REGIONAL MEETING ON ‘MIGRATING OUT OF POVERTY’ Regional Meeting for Partners

DRAFT REPORT African Migration and Development Policy Centre (AMADPOC)

FAIRVIEW HOTEL, NAIROBI, KENYA 27-28 JANUARY 2011

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TABLE OF CONTENTS Acronyms and Abbreviations………………………………………………………………..3 Welcoming Remarks and Introductions……………………………………………………4 Project Background AMAPOC Perspective………………………...……………………...4 Opening remarks……………………………………………………………………………..4 MOP Regional Partners contribution….…………………………………………………...5 Boundary Partners session……………………………………………………..…………..xx RPC Meeting Summery…………………………………………………………… ………xx Participants Registration List………………………………………………………………xx

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Acronyms and Abbreviations

AERC APC AMADPOC AU BP‟s DFID DRC EAC EU GDNET GHA GLR IDP IDRC IFRA IGAD IHE‟s ILO IOM KNBS KWP M&E M-PESA MOP MOFA NCAPD RPC UNDP UNFPA UN HABITAT UK USA

African Economic Research Consortium African Migration and Development Policy Center African Union Boundary Partners Department for International Development - UK Development Research Center East African Community European Union Global Development Network Greater Horn of Africa Great Lakes Region Internally Displaced Persons International Development Research Center French Institute for research in Africa Inter-Governmental Authority on Development Institutes of Higher Education International Labour Organization International Organization for Migration Kenya National Bureau of Statistics Kenya Women Parliamentarians Monitoring and Evaluation Safaricom Money Transfer service Migrating Out of Poverty Ministry of Foreign Affairs National Co-ordinating Agency for Population and Development Research Program Consortium United Nations Development Programme United Nations Population Fund United Nations Agency for Human Settlement United Kingdom United States of America

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Session: Introduction and Briefing
Chairman: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno, University of Nairobi (i) Welcoming Remarks: Prof. John Oucho

The meeting opened at 09.30 hours with a welcome from the convener Prof. Oucho from AMADPOC. The meeting was introduced as an initiative of the Research Programme Consortium with the Programme being housed at the University of Sussex. AMADPOC is a Core Partner in the project and works in conjunction with the associate partners who will carry out the research after consultations with boundary partners; who will assist in the identification of the knowledge gaps that are required to be filled to influence policy on migration. Prof. Oucho, further gave a short brief on AMADPOC. The centre was registered in 2008. In 2009, it held a Needs Assessment meeting that was attended by academics and policy makers and Government departments whose works touch on migration issues. He emphasized the need for a close relationship between researchers and stakeholders for the research findings to have a bearing on influencing future policy on migration in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA). He pointed out that the region is lagging behind in migration research, unlike the other regions (such as, West Africa and Southern Africa) covered under the programme. To that end, this is an opportunity to use this programme as a launch pad for migration research in the region. It was noted that the meeting would serve as forum for networking and comparing notes. Prof Oucho was grateful for support of development partner such as IOM.

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Remarks by Research Manager: Dr. Priya Desingkar (RPC Secretariat, University of Sussex, UK)

Dr. Desingkar made her remarks by introducing Migrating Out of Poverty Project as a unique opportunity to focus on migration in development and also to find compelling evidence on internal and cross border migration. She implored that there is a tendency to always put more emphasis on South to North migration and, hence most of the funding goes toward this. She noted that this was a major project globally; and, that Migrating Out of Poverty project had emerged out of the work done for the DRC SE Asia studies, that focused on migration for development. Priya concluded her introductory remarks by saying that Migrating out of Poverty was in its inception year; and intimated that in the next five years, more researches would be forthcoming. She appealed to the partners to take the prevailing openings as a unique opportunity to have migration issues viewed on a regional perspective.

Session 1: Acquainting Participants with the MOP Programme
Chairman: Prof. John O. Oucho Presenter: Dr. Priya Desingkar, University of Sussex, UK This session informed on the review of evolution of the Research Programme Consortium (RPC) on „Migrating Out of Poverty‟ involving institutions in the United Kingdom, Africa and Asia; focus ing on three themes: (i) Drivers, (ii) Impact and (iii) Policy; and encouraging the involvement of Associate Partners, Boundary Partners and other stakeholders. The programme aims to approach the research evidence uncovered in this project as a policy guideline for boundary partners and not as a purely academic exercise.

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It is designed to place emphasis on Migration of the poor. And more so internal and external (cross border) migration in the GHA as this area is under researched.

AMADPOC will work in tandem with several migration centers of research globally, namely:      Africa Center for Migration and Society – University of Witwatersrand South Africa Refugee and Migratory movements research programme – Dhaka University , Bangladesh Center for migration studies – University of Ghana Asia Research institute – University of Singapore Sussex center for Migration Research – University of Sussex.

Four research themes will be covered, namely: Drivers of Migration: Migration Impacts: Migration Policy: Migration Data: On a Micro and Macro level coordinated by the University of Oxford, a partner of the University of Sussex center for migration research. Clearing the confusion that exists at policy level and synthesize the available evidence. Various Policies that touch on migration, Rural Development Policy, Urban development policy, how different sectors impact on migration policy. Global Origin database, Internal Migration databases, Remittances.

Cross cutting themes include: Capacity Building; Gender Mainstreaming and; Communications This project envisages the following outputs: (i) Evidence based papers (ii) What we know and don‟t know (iii) Identification of knowledge gaps. Methodology Paper: This is aimed at outlining the technical approach to fill the gaps. The approaches will include: The Conventional Approach: Some of the examples used are the Log Frame and Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Outcome mapping approach: This approach recognizes that policy change is not linear but will depend on attitude and behavior. Using this approach, one could work backwards from the anticipated change, thereby reflecting on the Theory of Change. The MOP project will enhance the articulation of migration policies, such as, rural development and health policies. In addition there will be clarity and emphasis on internal migration researches, constructing databases on remittances, and a catalogue on the allocation of the information. In the area of capacity building, MOP project proposes a need for baseline research on capacity building, particularly to establish the existing capacity as this would enhance the better communication of research findings to policy makers. it was noted that research has to be demand driven by the stakeholders such as NGOs, media and policy makers. The dissemination of findings would be through: Journals; iPod casts; bulletins etc. Plenary Discussions: The following points were raised by the Plenary: How does one link the Stakeholders and the researchers? The response is to: (i) Bring on board a skill set to enable effective communications (ii) Engage a communications manager (iii) ensure that that capacity building is an ongoing activity to update and focus on appropriate communication skills and (iii) build capacity through training of researchers to develop the communications skills.

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The need for RPC to support the communication function was emphasized. Proposals inluded amongst others: (i) Building the capacity of researchers in communicating research to policy makers, (ii) training of journalists in reporting migration issues so as to avoid distortion of issues, It was acknowledged that there is usually a strong mind-set on certain positions by researchers, requiring appropriate communication mechanism in order to effectively reach out to policy makers. An example given was that there is a disconnect in the area of internal migration whereby policy makers do not realize the relationship between overcrowding of cities and rural urban mobility. A balanced view of migration is therefore required. It was proposed that capacity building could include short courses for researchers, facilitated by journalists. Emphasis was placed on packaging the message appropriately and sent using the right channels. An inquiry was raised into the appropriate ways to access the data. It was clarified that the RPC approach is open access to the data, as it is meant to help researchers, policy makers and other stakeholders. A researcher can access the data and modify it to suit his/her own requirement. It was noted that that much as there is a lot of data, with links such as Google, Migration DRC, and Migration Policy Institute, Washington, there are questions on how the data was collected. National Migration Surveys were proposed in the same way as Demographic Health Surveys, also indicated was the need to assess cross-border migration data. Other Points raised were: 1. There is a need for Migration Data Management Information Systems to be in place to support policy issues on migration. Also suggested was a need to collect data on transportation systems and their impact on migration in the region. There is a misconception that migration has been taking place only in the post independence period. It was argued that migration streams can be subdivided into: pre-colonial period, colonial period/preindependence period, and post colonial period. Participants were challenged to think more broadly on what can be learned from these periods, in so far as conflict management and conflict prevention are concerned. Contemporary issues in migration, such as IDP‟s, Environmental factors and others can also be studied, as in most circumstances they are under care of friendly hosts. However, researchers can take note of permanent migration, for instance, at the Coastal region of Kenya where there is a large community from Malawi. Historical aspects of migrants (e.g. Sudanese migrants in the Horn of Africa) are also an interesting area of study, whereby longitudinal studies can be most informative. The Africa – Caribbean- Pacific (APC) group has set up a migration observatory to study the migration by different thematic areas. In Africa, five pilot countries are involved where information is collected by thematic area. To this end, IOM and AMADPOC could work together. IOM is also involved in capacity building, collecting right information, and communicating it to the right people. A participant from IGAD noted that the MOP project was timely, as it is directly lies at the heart of IGAD concerns. Much of the emigration from African countries, follow a certain distinct pattern, influenced by the colonial powers from countries, such as France, Germany, Spain, Portugal, and UK. Wars and conflicts have also created a mark in the forms of mobility in Africa. IGAD will shortly be the first regional body of partner states to develop a migration policy framework for the region, thus recognizing the importance of migration to policy makers.

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Participants enquired on research focusing on North –South and South –North migration patterns and it was clarified that cross- border migration within GHA and internal migration in the individual countries are important areas of focus in this research and not North-South Migration. Researchers were urged to think broadly on migration issues for example “What were the migration drivers of Migration? Was it poverty? Recognition, social or what factors? It was argued that in addressing and understanding the underlying drivers of migration, it would be easier to address issues of poverty. The meeting was urged not to confuse migration drivers by attributing migration only to poverty or equality in the distribution of resources. It was noted that Botswana experiences internal migration from rural areas and migration to Botswana from other African countries. There are also incidences of post-Apartheid migration from the republic of South Africa to Tanzania and Zambia for minerals and commercial agriculture. The importance of studying migration, particularly internal migration was emphasized. Taking the example of Sudan, the point made was that there has been internal mobility from the North to the South, particularly after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace agreement (CPA), and currently, after the Jan. 9 th 2011 referendum, for the independence of south Sudan from the Khartoum Government. Nonetheless, there are data concerns. In situations of forced migration, most countries do not have fall-back strategies. More so, forced migration calls for the preparedness of a country to receive migrants. One participant enquired whether MOP project will cover areas of uncertainty as in Africa, election periods are often unstable. What other issues have been raised as a result of forced migration? It was noted that migration has been displaced by local/regional researchers in demography as a topic of less interest, there is less funding of research in migration despite the fact that impacts of migration are being greatly felt in different circumstances, e.g. floods and drought. He wondered whether in the region there existed the capacity to research the impacts of migration. He suggested a need to commission a study on migration and conflict.

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10. In her response Dr. Priya from the RPC Secretariat though in agreement with the concerns, poised questions such as: Do we have any evidence? Is there any data? Is there a need for case studies? How do we prioritize the research? She suggested the following: researchers must first list the areas of concern, and, for example, take note of political uncertainty as a driver of migration. It is also important to map the movements before, at and after elections. IDP case studies can form a part of this. There is also need for rapid assessment by developing a policy tool kit. This would enable a researcher or policy maker identify the number of people working in an institution by age, sex, level of education and profession and ensure that research is demand driven.

Session II: Orientation of Migration Stakeholders in the GHA Region
Topic: AMADPOC Presentation: Spearheading the MOP project in GHA Chair: Mr. Isaac Munyae (IOM Nairobi) Presenter: Prof. John O. Oucho (AMADPOC) This session captures a presentation on evolution and mandate of the African Migration and Development Policy Centre (AMADPOC) in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) as: a bridge linking research to policy, as training institution for various stakeholders, a convener of policy dialogue to facilitate networking and a repository of resources on migration and development; fulfilling recommendation of its inaugural activity - Needs

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Assessment Seminar on Migration and Development Challenges in the Greater Horn of Africa (March 2009); and involvement in the RPC as the bridge between it and GHA-based partners and stakeholders. The presenter indicated that in order to make more meaning out of policies and to encourage adherence to them, the following was proposed:  Signing, ratification and implementation.  Formation of assemblies that are not only confined to members, but include other professionals as well.  Introduction of National Migration Surveys.  Articulation of the rights of IDP‟s, by establishing whether all IDP‟s legitimate.  Sensitization of the stakeholders on the migration of the vulnerable.  Appreciating return migration/labour migrants by putting in place a database to show the skills available among the Diaspora and local labour, as this would refocus migration policy direction.  Draft a migration policy as a starting point, but which can be improved on.

Plenary Discussion The Chairman opened the plenary discussion by noting that migration policy has been affected by the following challenges:        Signing of international conventions in spite of there being a weakness on how to domesticate them. Lack of understanding of dynamics of migration issues before signing. Limited information on internal migration. Trafficking of human beings has not been well understood, and; the dynamics of trafficking. It was thought that sensitization is required on this subject. Is the Ministry of Labour concerned with the absorption of the trafficked persons into the labour market? On the subject of Return Migration, doubt was expressed on the existence of policy duration. Although migration data is being collected, there is a need to define migration parameters to guide Kenya and the GHA region. A database should be provided availing data on demand with available information on the Diaspora, as they are critical in providing skills Lack of avenues to influence policy.

The participant from UN Habitat stated the major areas of UN Habitat focus, namely: (i) Human Settlements Programme (ii) Habitat Agendas (iii) Millennium Development Goals. It was indicated that migration is seen as being silent at UN Habitat, and has been relegated to a side issue. Migration is seen as an appendix to fertility he pointed out areas in which Habitat can support migration research as:     Slums and non-slum settlements (Internal Migration); migration should be viewed as an aspect of development. Historical and contemporary migration trends. Migration and the Environment, in which migration is viewed as impacting on climate change . How do researchers communicate their findings? He also emphasized the importance of how the research evidence is communicated.

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He further mentioned that UN Habitat has a database on urban centers and cities, but have none on the rural setup. He wondered why urban slums have not been viewed as a consequence of migration. And advised that in the case of IDP‟s researchers should have mechanisms to handle cases that are not genuine. In giving insights into the working protocols of UN Habitat, it was explained that the organization is governed by: (i) The Habitat Agenda (ii) Millennium Development Goals (iii) Global urban observatory. He stressed the need to understand the National Adaptation Plans on migration issues and advised that this could be re-looked at by referring to the mechanisms that West Africa uses. It was suggested that a study on Migration as it contributes to climate change through settlement and environmental degradation could be carried out. Within IGAD it was learnt that migration is not a silent subject as diverse migration issues are covered. However, the challenge is, “Who is coordinating and operationalizing th e findings in the IGAD framework?” As for Uganda, it was an observation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that they would want the relationship between policies and data. This would enable them to identify policies affecting migration, and understand the interface between data generators and users. He equally intimated that they would want to see how policies are shaped by research, particularly policy related data. In this case therefore, they would establish which policies affect migration, thereby establish the interface between data generators and users? Researchers should work for the de-stigmatization of migration as it contributes to human capital in globalization, and by extension, the contribution of migrants in regional integration. It was suggested that there is a need for actualizing regional protocols while undertaking ratification, it was essential to do a cost benefit analysis of migrants. He also advocated for need to study seriously, return migrants. For instance in Liberia, the land cases among the returnees and stayees. The RPC response to the issues raised was that it is the hope of MOP project that researchers examine requirement of other agencies and establish databases on internal migration by undertaking urban inequity surveys by various cities for the purposes of establishing where slums exist. This data would be essential to both researchers/teachers and students. It was agreed that there is need for a continuous engagement with all, namely:   All stakeholders Regional Bodies; there is on-going engagement with IGAD, EAC (parliament), and researchers. It was observed that governance was not holistic without incorporating migration issues. AU Member states need to take advantage of UN habitat

Limitations/challenges, such as complacency amongst some African countries were also noted. Social Remittances are plenty but there is no mechanism in place to gather the data. It is noted that the Diaspora are valuable not only for remittances but in term of ideas, values and aspirations.

Session III: MOP Theme 1 - Drivers of Migration

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Chair: Mr. Isaac Munyae (IOM Nairobi) Topic: Drivers of internal and international migration in East Africa Presenters: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno and George Odipo (Population Studies and Research Institute, University of Nairobi) This session captures the presentation on drivers of migration in the East African Community (EAC), reviewing the literature to depict the state-of the art and to identify gaps in knowledge that research should fill; providing perspectives of both internal and intenational migration in development and poverty reduction discourse; and identfying the research areas during the life of the RPC. Peer Reviewer: Dr. Gideon Rutaremwa (Makerere) The presentation captures the advantages of the East African Market protocol and its advantages. It identifies the migration drivers in the region. It is important to understand migration drivers, e.g. land, economy, etc. However of importance to the researchers, would be “What was decision to migrate” informed by existing data.

Plenary Discussion In the plenary discussion the following points on migration within the EAC were noted: It was suggested that before undertaking the MOP project, there is need to build consensus on some terminologies. The importance of initiating National Migration Surveys was also underscored, as an estimated 300,000 Tanzanians migrate internally, verification however, was necessary. There would also be a need establish why did different people come to the EAC region? Why did different people leave? How long did they stay? What are the geographical patters of migration in the region, particularly, the recent migration? When studying migration in the EAC, the EU experience regarding migration could offer a reference point in the areas of methodology and concept definition. It was also suggested the need to involve policy-makers, and clearly indicate policy relevance of the study. A representative of the British High commission informed the participants that they will be holding an East African Community workshop on Migration in March 2011; of which the agenda would touch on sharing data on migration issues, and discussions on the wider view of migration in the region, those attending this Partners‟ meeting would be invited to attend the workshop. Another participant noted that it would be appropriate to expand the scope of involvement of the universities in the region. In addition to University of Nairobi (Kenya), Makerere (Uganda) and Dar-es-Salaam (Tanzania), she suggested that, Addis Ababa University (Ethiopia) and the University of Eritrea needed to be involved. The participant representing IOM (Nairobi) suggested that there is need for the engagement of relevant development agencies that deal with migration issues. They should also share data that they have. He further suggested that research needs to focus on human smuggling/trafficking, as this would create a better understanding of issues surrounding trafficking and generate relevant data for policies to tackle this problem.

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Session IV: MOP Theme 2– Impact of Migration
Topic: Internal and International Labour migration in Uganda: the contribution of remittances to household livelihood. Chair: Ms Lily Sanya (IOM/IGAD) In introducing the presentation, the chairperson reiterated the importance of recognizing and recording the positive impacts of migration as opposed to the negative impacts of migration, as has always been the case. Presenter: Dr. Gideon Rutaremwa (Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics, Makerere University) This presentation discusses the contribution of remittances to household livelihoods, thereby reducing poverty at household and implicitly community levels in Uganda as a case study for research in the rest of the GHA. It also reviews the existing literature to depict the state-of the art and identifying gaps in knowledge for research using available data to analyze the contribution of both internal and international migration to household livelihood. The presentation recognizes that policy has tended to emphasize on the negative rather than the positive aspects of migration. However, the attitude has recently improved and it is felt that it is important to also note the positive impact of migration. Remittances, it is believed, lead to development and improve the lives of the group as a whole and are a core issue as migration movement supports the largest international money movement in the world. Negative attitudes are leading to the criminalization of migration; a positive portrayal of an aspect of migration, such as the positive impact of remittances, will help in opening the minds of our stakeholders to alternate points of view. Five years will be a good period in which to synthesize the issues surrounding migration and remittances. Peer Reviewer: Dr. Agwanda (University of Nairobi) Dr. Agwanda explained that in trying to understand the impacts of remittances, it is important ascertain the source of data, and for the purposes of independence of data; not from the Central Bank of Uganda. He too noted that although it has always been a custom to criminalize migration, there are positive impacts of migration, such as, remittances, which go a long way to improving on health and the general livings standards of the community. Nonetheless, he emphasized the need for a secure dataset as the data on remittances is directly relevant to policy generation. Plenary Discussions Participants from the floor noted that the cost of remittance from North to South is high, and this has led to diminishing the value of remittance. There has also been over-glorification of amounts remitted, without taking into account the challenges involved in remitting, such an example being the Global Financial Meltdown in the year 2008. More also needs to be investigated on where the remittances were invested (i.e. consumption or investment) with the impacts of remittances not only being investigated at the household level, but also at the community level. The researcher would need to investigate the contribution of migrant associations so as to under-pin the impact at the community level. It was mentioned that there already exists a World Bank study in Kenya, which could provide more insights to this study. It was recommended that a research assistant be involved to undertake a literature review, and to include two (2) other countries in the region, thereby giving the research work a wider outlook of the GHA. Along the same vein, it was suggested that there is need for an Africa Migration Survey. The scope of study needs also to be broadened beyond Uganda.

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Another approach would be an integration of refugees into macro-planning, and as such, a study on their impact in the region would be vital as they are a major component of migrants in the GHA. It was further noted that since East African countries have unique histories that would bring about a variation in the impact of migration in the region. For instance Tanzania (socialism), whereas Kenya and Uganda (capitalism). These historical alignments have different contributions to migration phenomenon and impacts. Another approach could be to investigate the formal and informal types of financial remittance systems operating in the region, such as the Hawalla system (mainly used by the Somali community). It would be imperative to confirm if remittance systems contribute significantly in welfare, development and commodities transfers. The different transfer systems have varying catchments. For instance, the Diaspora Bank in Ethiopia, although it is formal, it links both the Diaspora and their local communities. It was clarified that within the GHA the Hawalla system is one area where much has research has been done. A gap exists, however on other systems. It was also noted that there is some comparative data available from the Southern Africa Migration project, undertaken in Botswana, that gives an indication on the rest of Africa. In summary it was noted that as much as the importance of remittances cannot be overemphasized, it was acknowledged that the remittance systems need to be researched on and especially their contribution to welfare and development of the migrant communities, the communities of origin and the destination communities.

Session IV Cont’d: MOP Theme 2 – Impact of Migration
Topic: Migration in Search of Excellence: migration and attrition of human resources in African universities: governance and staff retention strategies. Chair: Lily Sanya (IOM/IGAD) Presenter: Prof. Pascal Mihyo (Organization of Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, Addis Ababa) The presentation highlights the erosion of staff in Universities in Africa and seeks to understand the reasons for the problem. The presentation also focused the importance of understanding the underlying migration behavior, at the individual, household and community levels. It was suggested that there is need to interrogate the funding situation in the African universities and for a workable formula to be suggested to the respective governments. It was also suggested that although these migrants are a resource to the countries of origin one solution could be to encourage the African Universities to produce more quality PhD graduates; as they are the human resource that sustains the Universities. Plenary Discussions In addressing the issue that is popularly referred to as the “Brain Drain” it was suggested that there is need for more integration, amongst universities in Africa. The universities in the region should support each other on manpower. It was observed that most of the staff trained outside the countries, particularly, those trained in the developed world, are never keen to come back. Thus, those who come back should be supported so that they stay. In response to this comment, the presenter mentioned that it seems that one area of blame lies with African societies, that seem to train people to leave. There is also the risk of training for irrelevance in specialization. It is acknowledged that there are patterns of migration in the region that need to be studied in relation to this problem,

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such as point to point migration, that is, migration from smaller cities to larger cities, and from one country to another. This would give a more conclusive picture as to whether or not attitudes have created an internal brain drain that feeds the external brain drain. One course of action could be for the universities to partner with the development partners in coming up with strategies of providing support in training, particularly, at PhD levels. A lack of sufficient resources for training was noted with the result being that what was available enabled support up to master level, but not PhD level. He observed that, regional recruitment of University staff often takes into account certain considerations, such as: where did you study (i.e. region and university)? that do limit the opportunities of getting the required man power for the universities. An analysis of academic staff in Kenya in the press recently noted that the University of Nairobi had a large number of professors, while other universities have very few. This observation brought into question how, if at all, do the development partners contribute to producing excellence? It was agreed that research evidence could give more insight as why there is low investment in this area, and how the perceived quality of education achieved affects the available opportunities? Other points reiterating the impact of brain drain observed that the dynamism of migration is not well understood. For instance, when a people migrate, what were the push factors? More so, the timing of migration by countries; Age migration schedule versus non-migrants; the education/qualification at migration; jobs for which emigrants are trained, and, as they work in other countries, are they performing what they are trained for or is it a brain waste? There is need for a Human Resource Inventory/database, this is important for employment policy, as certain age groups can only work in certain areas (urban or rural). It was also observed that with Youth Labour Export Programmes, there exists a deliberate policy to send out migrants to find work but there exists no policy to re-integrate. This brings to mind the retention factors. Is it income or employment terms satisfaction?

SESSION V: MOP Theme 3 – Migration Policy
Chair: Ms. Fathia Alwan (IGAD) Topic 1: Broad policy concerns regarding migration in the Great Lakes region of Africa Presenter: Dr. Khoti Kamanga (University of Dar-es-Salaam) Peer Reviewer: Prof. Paschal Mihyo (OSSREA) The presentation covered, the nature and significance of policy documents, the character and scope of policy on migration, policy implications and gaps and challenges. Peer Review Professor Mihyo noted that research in the field of migration policy should focus on the functions of migration policy. Plenary Discussions While members agreed that policy can be an instrument for socialization, the research on migration policy needed to establish whether the existing policies encourage hospitality or hostility. It was further agreed that a policy can be a sword or a shield, whereby the policy can encourage integration or act as tool to alienation migrants.

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More interrogation on the appropriateness of policy would be welcome, such that it would be plausible to establish how legitimate a policy is; because a policy could be consultative, comprehensive or consolidative. Hence, it was suggested that the research establishes whether the policy was facilitative or obstructive. For instance, refugee policies usually advocate for the settlement of refugees in the remote rural areas, does this enable any contribution to the host country? It was also observed that a policy could also be flexible or/and rigid. More needed to be understood about how forward looking is the policy? Thus, there is need to ensure that there is a mechanism of linking policy to development (i.e. interrogating policy output). In addition, the research on policy needs to establish who the major stakeholders on policy issues in the region, as their involvement at research planning through advocacy would be productive. Thereafter, the research needs to undertake a policy analysis to establish the cost-benefit of the policy. Overall, it would be important to engage in policy areas that have a bearing on migration.

SESSION VI: Communication of Research findings to stakeholders
Topic: AMADPOC Communication Strategy Reviewer: Dr. Priya Deshingkar (MOP/RPC Secretariat) Presenter: Rosemary Barasa The presentation took the approach that after the research has been carried out how does one effectivly communicate the findings so as to influence policy on migrants. Peer Review Dr. Priya from RPC stated that when engaging policy makers on research evidence, DFID, initially adopted what was known as a dissemination strategy with the implication being a one way flow of information. This has since changed and currently, DFID has embraced a communication strategy to avoid a situation of information not being used to drive policy. She mentioned that for this project, AMADPOC‟s communication strategy proposals are acceptable, except: (i) need to build capacity in house in the area of research methodology (ii) Avoid outsourcing.

A Web Master is a good idea, and a graphics designer may also be necessary.

Plenary discussions Members stated that having a communication strategy is important because the strategy will enable us understand who are we talking to and how we are talking to them. It is also valuable in being able to identify the stakeholders and how best to reach them, using a stakeholders analysis so as to positively influence policy affecting migrants and their communities.

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Population Studies and Research Institute (PSRI) informed the participants that National Coordinating Agency for Population and Development (NCAPD) houses a media group that reports on population issues. Thus, it can be approached to assist in the dissemination of information. It was felt that this was an opportunity that could be tapped by AMADPOC, since UNFPA supports NCAPD. In addition, UNFPA gives support to the following institutions, which could also provide valuable support on communication issues, namely:    Kenya Media Network for Population and Development, which provides links to media houses; Parliament Network for Population and Development, which is responsible for population issues and policy Kenya Women Parliamentarians

These institutions can be approached and would be valuable in disseminating findings with a view to influencing policy.

SESSION VII: Influencing Sponsorship and utilization of Research Products
Chair: Gideon Rutaremwa (Makerere University) Topic: Views of Boundary Partners: Governments, and Research Funders Presenters: Ministry of Foreign Affairs – (Uganda) National Bureau of Statistics - (Kenya) Intergovernmental Authority on Development – (IGAD) International Organization for Migration (IOM) United Nations Population Fund – (UNFPA) Cross cutting theme presentation (Women in Migration) Population Studies and Research Institute (University of Nairobi)

The invited Boundary Partners presented their reactions to the „Migrating Out of Poverty‟ project as envisaged; their „wish list‟ of important research areas; prospects for collaboration with AMADPOC in the RPC; comments of what more the project could embrace or refine to address MDGs, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), national Visions of GHA countries, etc. and support as well as resource mobilisation for research, training and capacity building, policy dialogue and networking and accessing available resources in migration and development.

Presenter 1: Roby Odyeny Ocen , Department of Diaspora Services Uganda Ministry of Foreign Affairs The presenter challenged the participants to be thorough on gathering data on migration; ranging from drivers, impacts through policy, by posing a question, “How do you tap in the Diaspora for development and reduce

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poverty?” he indicated that there was a workshop in the UK at the end of 2010 on the same, particular, targeting the Diaspora from Uganda. AMADPOC indicated a need to study the report as it would help channel the findings into development.

The following areas for research were proposed: Migration within the cattle corridor in Uganda. I Particular three groups of people:   Karamajong Group – N.E. of Uganda. Populations in the middle part of Uganda, that is, those displaced by government policy to create national parks and who then moved into Congo, and have since come back raising the question on how to settle them as they are now described as internally displaced.  The Balala People, a migratory group (pastoralists), whose origin is unknown. They need to be studied to establish their migration drivers, impact and therefore a migration policy on how to manage them. There is also the pastoralist group, such as the Ankole for whom there is lack of a policy on settlement. South West of Uganda has people who were also migratory but have settled down. This is proposed as a case study for replication on policy to help others on development.

Equally important are the Diaspora in the UK and USA who want to know what is being done in Uganda. They are interested in building capacity, but as yet, the migration information that can be of use to them has not been documented. This was proposed as an area of research AMADPOC can take up. Comments The participants were informed that the oil discovery in Western Uganda has triggered migration and land grabbing, thus there is a need to study: (i) Development issues (ii) Policy issues (iii) Poverty issues. It was noted that most of those affected are the pastoral communities in Western Uganda, particularly, the Ankole Zone. There is also the issue of the gazettement of Lake Bura National Park for settlement – the Kabale settlement, near Kasese.

Parallels were drawn between what is going on in Uganda the case of the Bachana in Botswana, who were moved to pave way for diamond mining. It can also be related to the effects of the Ujamaa movement in Tanzania. Thus, it was suggested that the researchers working on drivers of migration to work with Ugandans for more insights. Members observed that Migrating out of Poverty was a timely project to assist in studying the migration patterns in targeted areas, It was noted that in the process of migrating, there are situations where one would, either migrate out of poverty, or migrate into poverty or migrate with poverty.

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In Summary the presentation proposed the following as areas of research      The pastoralists need to be enabled to settle, as it will enable them make use of their resources better. They will live harmoniously and peacefully with their neighbors. Policy issues on migration need to be reviewed. For instance, policy on education and land. Oil policy: the policies on oil should not lead to poverty Uganda Diaspora in U.S.A. has reorganized; they only needed government recognition. They can be identified as a forum for dialogue. An organization of Uganda Diaspora in Europe was established. There is a need to research more about them, and tap on their resources. Comments While inquiring on whether or not settlement would infringe on the rights of pastoralists, it was noted that sometimes migration leads to misery, an example being, the unskilled labour-force in the Middle East countries whose migration is sometimes equated to human trafficking. They have encountered terrible mistreatment, leading to some dying mysteriously. Thus, there is need to streamline migration systems by ensuring that there are regulations/guidelines for migration. Migrants need to register, followed with streamlining of all jobs with the Labour Ministry in Kenya and Ethiopia. Session VII: Presenter 2:Andrew A. Imbwaga from Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) The Kenya National Bureau of Statistics has been collecting data in Kenya which is useful in understanding migration dynamics. An example is the Kenya Integrated Households Budget Survey (2006), and the Kenya Population and Housing Census (2009), among other censuses, such as the 1989 and 1999, that all had useful data on migration. However, he indicated that apart from the 2009 census data that collected data on emigrants, the earlier censuses fell short of that. He also informed the participants that the analysis of the data is yet to be completed and that AMADPOC could partner with the bureau to complete this task. Plenary Discussion It mentioned that there has been a concern on the inputs, particularly, on the areas of origin among pastoralists. It has often been difficult to collect data in hardship areas. Thus, there is need to do case studies on circulatory mobility, particularly in drought areas because some of the movements are triggered by poverty

In expanding on the data collected on emigrants, a participant inquired whether KNBS has any strategy to reach the diaspora and inquire more about them. The presenter indicated that although emigration data was collected during the 2009 Kenya Census, it is yet to be analyzed. He also mentioned that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), Kenya, had requested KNBS to develop a questionnaire that it could use to follow-up on the Kenyan diaspora

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community in U.S.A. The questionnaire would incorporate questions to track changes in life and whether there were any remittances, how remittances are used, etc. Another participant concurred with the presenter, and mentioned that ideally MOFA uses their foreign missions to collect data on Diaspora; and that it was a good idea that KNBS had been requested to partake in data collection on Diaspora issues. Ms. Linda Oucho informed that on the Kenyan perspective, Kenya‟s High Commission in the UK has in the past worked closely with Diaspora associations. AMADPOC indicated that it would be a good idea to make use of professionals in the technical aspects, such as, in demographic accounting. This would be lifting standards for authentification. By and large, the administrative units should be considered in such assignment. Presenter 3: Fathia Alwan from IGAD Fathia gave a historical perspective of IGAD. She explained that, at the inception of IGAD, it was intended to address climate issues. However, currently it is interested in migration issues. More so, IGAD has preference on regional institution such as AMADPOC that it can partner with in addressing the GHA‟s migration systems. She indicated that the partnership with AMADPOC had just started, i.e. was still in its infancy. She informed the participants that IGAD‟s migration policy framework was being worked on, and expressed IGAD‟s to provide financial support on matters that are geared towards supporting the GHA region. Presenter 4: Lily Sanya from IOM In her remarks, Lily indicated that IOM contributes to migratin studies through the following:     Usually partners and is willing to work with institutions in the region on migration issues; Conducts researches; Works with countries in the region on migration policies; Is ready to work/partner with AMADPOC whenever requested to.

Presenter 5: Ezekiel Ngure from UNFPA He mentioned that holding the Regional Meeting was a good start to be exploited. He indicated that UNFPA is mandated to deal with matters on population, and that currently it is focused to working on the following broad areas: (i) Population and Development (ii) Gender (iii) Reproductive Health

He mentioned that UNFPA could work with AMADPOC in the area of migration impact, particular among the migrants. Assist in the area of data collection (migration data); migration data Analysis. UNFPA also works with KNBS in Rapid Assessment, and provides technical assistance.

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Comments A participant indicated that there is need for advocacy on migration issues to start; whereby, African Economic Consortium could be engaged. Mr. Ngure indicated that UNFPA is more interested on Migration and Development, and they are open and looking for available opportunities. He also noted that as MOP project is undertaken, the impacts of migration, particular at origin need to be addressed. More so, the existing policies, it would be appropriate to gauge their relevance. In addition, the participants noted a need for monitoring and evaluation of migration programmes

In researching on impact of remittances, there is need to investigate: the value and volume; frequency of remittance, and; patterns of remittance. More so, remittances as safety nets, would best be understood with availability of data, and the economic dimension of remittances.

Plenary Discussions It was noted that IGAD has Warning System, IGAAD – C1. This is used for disasters and drought management. Equally for monitoring migrants, as people migrate, wherever they are there is need for a bonding unity. The participants requested UNFPA to contract AMADPOC to work on African Population Reports Comments The participants made the following comments:  Integration of population issues was very important. However, it was observed that migration issues are always ignored, hence, this is a policy concern  Getting data or Diaspora is difficult e.g. remittances, as most of the Diaspora are invisible for varied reasons    IGAD Migration Policy Framework development is ongoing There is need to involve interns to work on the research areas. This is a good opportunity to develop capacity. For instance, there is need to second interns from AMADPOC to IGAD. Need for horizontal arrangements to assist each other (partnership).

Other comments :       Boundary partners should respond to migration issues through AMDPOC An Annual conference on migration should beheld Interns seconded to institution like IGAD and UNFPA Need for active partners Need for agencies meetings for sharing of database and discuss migration issues Mr. Ngure to communicate the Regional meeting‟s proposal to the UNFPA Regional office

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Presenter 6: Linda Oucho PHD Fellow University of Warwick Women in Migration The presentation covered Women, Migration and Poverty. Poverty was juxtaposed against the Millennium Development Goals and also presented a driver for migration. When addressing the perspective of Women in Migration, Linda pointed out a knowledge gap in the impact of Women in Migration as the focus has been on remittances from the Diaspora. Various organizations in the Diaspora have tried t bring attention to the issues surrounding poverty, their focus however is on highlighting problems that need to be sorted out, and not all of the problems deal with poverty. Questions were raised on several areas including the awareness of poverty amongst the women migrants, What investment initiatives do they undertake? How do they invest remittances or what do they use remittances for? Do they know about migration policies and if so what are their opinions on them? She recommended several research questions including;        How poverty affects women in international migration and what they can do about it; What particular areas do women invest in to alleviate poverty? What challenges/barriers do they face that inhibit their efforts? How do they measure the successes of their efforts? What is their perception of the government policies towards poverty reduction? Are they aware? How can women in the Diaspora engage effectively with those back home in development initiatives? What perceptions do spouses or women's relations have on their internal migration and emigration?

Discussions It was noted that little is known on women in migration in so far as their impact on poverty is concerned. Specific areas of interest being, What are women‟s proportion of remittance? This is not known, neither are their perceptions on migration issues. What do they know on Migration Policies and what is their adaptation strategies compared to men? What are the consequences of women migrating to their families and their communities? Are the research questions generated applicable to Diaspora in Africa? E.g. gender disaggregated remittances. She also advised that the research can consider cross-border women migration.

Presenter 7 George Odipo , Lecturer University of Nairobi , Population Studies and Research Institute .

George Odipo presented a comprehensive paper covering areas of possible research in Migration. The areas covered three main themes, namely, Drivers of migration theme, Impact of Migration theme and Policy theme. The following sub topics were presented as possible areas for research.  Balancing inclusion of internal and international migration to give a holistic outlook on migration.

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Migration theories: Questions remain about relevant migration theories for different research areas. Counter factual: there is a need for migration studies to aspire to the rigour of a controlled experiment. Studies should cover both households with migrants and those without

   

Further econometric studies on migration are required. Longitudinal surveys: New studies need to use longitudinal surveys and a more flexible view of migration that takes circularity into account as the old models are obsolete. Analytical tools when used alone can give misleading outcomes on migratory behavior. Data from multiple sources and new types of analysis are needed to learn more about circular migration. Circular and temporary migration , What sustains migration  International student mobility Networking systems of migrants

Impacts Theme; Transnational identities, (Dual Citizen). What is the impact of transnational identities on development? As more countries emphasize dual citizenship and allow migrants to vote from abroad, the effects on both the migrants and the political systems in the sending country need to be explored.      Funding is Civil Conflict – does the funding always have a positive impact or can it also have a negative impact. Do migrants fund war in their home counties? The impact of remittances should be investigated. Family net gains- at the family level what do they use the funds for. Do they emphasize on development or on consumption. What is the impact of this remittance back home. Remittance community benefits; does the remittance contribute to develop or does it negate development Household spending. Does the receiving household spend on consumables or on investment Data collection: Migration research needs to look more at migration vis-à-vis the community and long-term effects. Reconciliation of the differences in research and data collection methods with economists and financial institutions is also a possibility.

Policy theme, what constitutes remittances. Are they over or under stated?     Measure remittances; at what level to they contribute to GDP? Current measures of remittances are poorly understood and not well grounded in the reality of migration. What policies on remittances exist, how are they applied in the measurement of the GNP? More information is needed about the effects of policies that disrupt circulation of funds or that encourage it . Labour markets outcomes- economic transformation is globalization improving the benefits of the individual economies Inform policy about the links between globalization labour markets and poverty in four sub Sahara African Countries.

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Discussion Other areas proposed by participants for consideration for research were;     Links between data gathering and analytical tools capacity building between DG and ATs Longitudinal and step migration Migration of skilled personnel with regards to the WTO agreement. Case study/nurses Several country Research e.g. (Canada doctors move to USA, SA doctors move to Canada and Cuban doctors move to SA to fill the gap.)

Regional Meeting for Partners Recommendations
The meeting recommended the following as a way forward for the MOP/AMADPOC project;      Boundary partners should respond to migration issues and work closely with and through AMDPOC. This is to ensure that AMADPOC plays the co-ordination and harmonization role in this project as a core partner. Annual conference to be held to ensure clarity on the issues should be held beginning with the Associate. Partners meeting which will be held at a date to be agreed on by the Associate Partners. AMADPOC is to look for a research assistant to assist with the analysis of the data in this project. AMADPOC should explore research opportunities with IOM on trafficking UN Habitat should be approached to support research in the following areas            Slums and non slum settlements as a consequence of migration Historical and contemporary migration trends Migration and the environment Communicating research findings to stakeholders and in particular, policy makers.

UNFPA should be approached on migration impact among migrants in the areas of; Population development. Gender. Reproductive health. Technical assistance on communication networks for policy makers.

Interns should be seconded to institution like IGAD and UNFPA UN Habitat and others. AMADPOC will formally agree with the regional bodies on the issue of interns Need for active partners participatory relationship encouraged. Uganda noted that the Diaspora organizations in the UK and USA would like to know what is being done in their source countries but there is no data to support any claims. This is viewed as a opportunity for AMADPOC to work on.

 

Need for agencies meetings for sharing of database and to discuss migration issues. Regional meeting‟s proposal to be communicated the UN, IGAD, AU and other offices.

AMADPOC

January 2011

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Appendix 1: MOP Regional Meeting Programme
REGIONAL MEETING ON ‘MIGRATING OUT OF POVERTY’ Venue: FAIRVIEW HOTEL, NAIROBI, KENYA REGIONAL PROGRAMME, 27-28 JANUARY 2011

THURSDAY, 27 JANUARY, 2011 0800- 0845 Reception Tea/Registration of Participants 0900 - 0930 Introductions and Briefing All participants‟ introduction; briefing by the host Welcoming Remarks by AMADPOC‟s Executive Director & MOP Research Co -ordinator (Prof. John O. Oucho) Remarks by Research Manager, MOP/RPC, University of Sussex, UK (Dr. Priya Deshingkar) Chair: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno (University of Nairobi) 0930 – 1030 Session I: Acquainting Participants with the MOP Project Topic: RPC Secretariat Presentation on the project „Migrating Out of Poverty‟ Chair: Prof. John O. Oucho Presenter: Dr. Priya Deshingkar (RPC Secretariat, University of Sussex, UK) Review of evolution of the Research Programme Consortium (RPC) on „Migrating Out of Poverty‟ involving institutions in the United Kingdom, Africa and Asia; focusing on three themes: (i) Drivers, (ii) Impact and (iii) Policy; and encouraging the involvement of Associate Partners, Boundary Partners and other stakeholders. Plenary Discussion 1030 – 1100 Coffee/Tea Break 1100 – 1200 Session II: Orientation of Migration Stakeholders in the GHA Regio Topic: AMADPOC Presentation: Spearheading the MOP project in GHA Chair: Mr. Isaac Munyae (IOM Nairobi) Presenter: Prof. John O. Oucho (AMADPOC) Presentation on evolution and mandate of the African Migration and Development policy Centre (AMADPOC) in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) as: a bridge linking research to policy, training institution for various stakeholders, convener of policy dialogue to facilitate networking and a repository of resources on migration and development; fulfilling recommendation of its inaugural activity - Needs Assessment Seeminar on Migration and Development Challenges in the Greater Horn of Africa (March 2009); and involvement in the RPC as the bridge between it and GHA-based partners and stakeholders.

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Plenary Discussion 1200 – 1230 Session III: MOP Theme 1 - Drivers of Migration Chair: Mr. Isaac Munyae (IOM Nairobi) Topic: Drivers of internal and international migration in East Africa Presenters: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno and George Odipo (Population Studies and Research Institute, University of Nairobi) Presentation on drivers of migration in the East African Community (ECA), reviewing the literature to depict the state-of the art and to identify gaps in knowledge that research should fill; providing perspectives of both internal and intenational migration in development and poverty reduction discourse; and identfying the research areas during the life of the RPC. Peer Reviewer: Dr. Gideon Rutaremwa (Makerere) Plenary Discussion 1230 – 1300: Session IV: MOP Theme 2 - Impact of Migration Chair: Ms. Lily Sanya (IOM/IGAD) Topic: Internal and international migration in Uganda: the contribution of remittances to household livelihood Presenter: Dr. Gideon Rutaremwa (Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics, Makerere University) Presentation on the contibution of migrants‟ remittances to household livelihood thereby reducing poverty at household and implicitly community levels in Uganda as a case study for research in the rest of the GHA, reviewing the existing literature to depict the state-of the art and identifying gaps in knowledge for research; using available data to analyse the contribution of both internal and international migration to household livelihood. Peer Reviewer: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno (University of Nairobi) 1300 – 1400 Lunch Break 1400 – 1430 Session IV continued: MOP Theme 2 - Impact of Migration Chair: Lily Sanya (IOM/IGAD) Topic: Migration in search of excellence: migration and attrition of human resources in African Universities: Governance and Staff Retention Strategies Presenter: Professor Paschal Mihyo (Organisation of Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, Addis Ababa) 1500 – 1600 Session V: MOP Theme 3 - Migration Policy Chair: Dr. Collins Opiyo (Kenya National Bureau of Statistics) Topic 1: Broad policy concerns regarding migration in the Great Lakes region of Africa Presenter: Dr. Khoti Kamanga (Centre for the Study of Forced Migration, University of Dar es Salaam) Peer Reviewer: Dr. Paschal Mihyo (OSSREA) Topic 2: A review of migration policies in East Africa: perspectives and gaps for research

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Presenters: Dr. Philip Nying’uro (Department of Political Science, University of Nairobi) and Prof. John O. Oucho (AMADPOC) Peer Reviewer: (Dr. Khoti Kamanga (University of Dar es Salaam) Discussion 1600 – 1630: Coffee/Tea Break 1630 – 1700: Session VI: Communication of research findings to sakeholders Presenter: Mrs. Rosemary Barasa (AMADPOC) Reviewer: Dr. Priya Deshingkar (MOP/RPC Secretariat) Discussion FRIDAY, 28 JANUARY, 2011 0830 – 0900 Reception Tea/Coffee 090 – 0930 Session VII: Sponsorship and Utilisation of Research Products Topic: Views of Boundary Partners: Governments, Foundations &Research Funders Chair: Gideon Rutaremwa (Makerere University) Invited Boundary Partners to present their reactions to the „Migrating Out of Poverty‟ project as envisaged; their „wish list‟ of important research areas; prospects for collaboration with AMADPOC in the RPC; comments of what more the project could embrace or refine to address MDGs, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), national Visions of GHA countries, etc.and support as well as resource mobilisation for research, training and capacity building, policy dialogue and networking and accessing available resources in migration and development. Presenters: Ministry of Labour (Kenya); Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Uganda); International Development Research Centre (IDRC); Foundations invited (tbc) Discussion 0930 – 1030 Session VIII: Influencing, Sponsorship and Utilisation of Research for Development Co-operation Topic: Views of Boundary Partners in development co-operation Chair: Prof. Paschal Mhiyo (OSSREA) Diplomatic Missions‟ views of the „Migrating Out of Poverty‟ project in the GHA, with a hindsight of increasing migration and development dialogue globally, from the perspective of development agencies in the diplomatic missions and knowledge of the GHA; comments of what more the project could do to embrace or refine to address MDGs, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), national Visions of GHA countries, etc. Presenters: All Diplomatic Missions invited and prepared to participate in the session [Invited were: Uganda High Commission, Ethiopian Embassy, Embassy of Sudan, Netherlands Embassy, Swedish Embassy, British High Commission Discussion 1030 – 1100 Tea/Coffee Break 1100-1200 Session VIII Research in Development Partnership Chair: Prof. Paschal Mihyo (OSSREA) Topic: Views of United Nations agencies (UNDP, UNHABITAT etc.) and related organisations

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Views of International Organisations on „Migrating Out of Poverty‟ project in the GHA a gainst the background of some global reports: Human Development Report 2009 (UNDP), World Migration 2000-2008 (IOM); AU‟s Migration Policy Framework for Africa being domesticated by African Regional Economic Communities(RECs) e.g. IGAD and EAC; and addressing MDGs, PRSPs and national Visions, etc. 1200-1300 Session IX: Aspirations of upcoming Researchers Chair: Prof. Olusanya Ajakaiye (African Economic Research Consortium & Member , AMADPOC’s Advisory Board ) Topic 1: Inevitability of research on the migration of women in „Migrating Out of Poverty‟ Presenter: Ms. Linda A. Oucho (PhD Fellow, Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations, University of Warwick, UK and AMADPOC) Topic 2: The “balancing act” in the Migrating Out of Poverty‟ project: inclusion of internal and international migration Presenter: Mr. George Odipo (PhD Fellow, Population Studies and Research Institute, University of Nairobi) Reviewer: Dr. Alfred A. Otieno (University of Nairobi) Discussion 1300 – 1430 Lunch Break 1430 – 1530 Session X: Aftermath of the Regional Meeting and Staying the Course Chair: Dr. Priya Deshingkar This will be a general discussion by participants on the pertinent issues raised in the Regional Meeting, how the RPC, AMADPOC, Associate Partners and various Boundary Partners should stay the course and embrace closely related research areas and other activities, without unduly altering the MOP agenda. 1530 – 1600 Tea/Coffee Break 1600 – 1615 Closing Session Chair: Prof. John O. Oucho (AMADPOC) 1800 – 2030 Dinner

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PARTICIPANT REGISTRATION LIST REGIONAL MEETING ON ‘MIGRATING OUT OF POVERTY’ Regional Meeting for Partners

Name Priya Deshingkar

Designation Dr.

Institution RPC Secretariat University of Sussex

E-mail P.Deshingkar@sussex.ac.uk

Prof.Paschal Mihyo

Prof. Executive Director

Organisation of Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, Addis Ababa (OSSREA)

mihyo@ossrea.net

Khoti Kamanga

Dr.

Centre for the Study of Forced Migration University of Dar-es- Salaam

doctorkamanga@yahoo.co.uk

Gideon Rutaremwa

Dr

Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics, Makerere University, Uganda

grutaremwa@isae.mak.ac.ug

Alfred A. Otieno

Dr.

George Odipo

PhD Fellow/Lecturer, UoN

Population Studies and Research Institute, University of Nairobi Population Studies and Research Institute, Nairobi University Africa Economic Research Forum (AERC)

Agwanda_otieno@yahoo.com

geodipo@hotmail.com

Olusanya Ajakaiye

Prof.

Olusanya.Ajakaiye@aercafrica.org

Robby OdyenyOcen

Mr.

Min. Of Foreign Affairs – Diaspora Department Uganda

robbyocen@yahoo.com

Ezekiel Ngure

Programme Officer

UNFPA

ngure@unfpa.org

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Omondi Odhiambo Lily Sanya

Dr. Ms.

UN Habitat Technical Advisor Migration Management Services IOM - Djbouti lsanyatdy@iom.int

Isaac Munyae

Mr

Senior Project Dev. Assistant IOM - Nairobi DFID Programme Manager Social Development IGAD

IMUNYAE@iom.int

Neil Roberts Fathia Alwan

Mr Ms

Neil.Roberts@fco.gov.uk fathia.alwan@igad.int

Mercy Rurii

Ms

Research Officer Regional Director‟s office IDRC

MRurii@idrc.or.ke

Andrew Imbwaga

Mr.

Manager Demography Population and Social Statistics Directorate Kenya National Bureau of Satistics

aimbwaga@yahoo.com

Prof. John O Oucho

Prof.

Executive Director AMADPOC/ Univ. of Nairobi Resource Coordinator AMADPOC/ Warwick University Communications officer AMADPOC Administrator AMADPOC

amadpoc@yahoo.com

Linda A Oucho

Ms.

lindaoucho@yahoo.com

Rosemary Barasa

Ms.

r.barasa@amadpoc.org

Jacob O. Odhiambo

Mr.

odhiambo@amadpoc.org

Victor M. Osano

Mr.

Admin. Assistant AMADPOC

v.osano@amadpoc.org

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