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CI/SfB

(28) Hh2 September 2008

Lattice beam technical manual
Lightweight joists and trusses

www.metsec.com

Contents
Metsec: Investing in quality and service 4-5

Product range 6-9
Features and benefits Product range 6-7 8-9

Roof beams 10-19
Metal roof systems Traditional roof systems Green roof systems Complete lightweight systems Eaves cantilever systems Over-roof systems Cradle support systems 10-11 12 13 14-15 16-17 18 19

Ceiling and service supports 20-21
Ceiling and service support systems Walk on ceiling systems 20 21

Floor beams 22-23
Traditional floor systems Mezzanine floor systems 22 23

Fixing details 24-27
Typical fixing details 24-27

Chord and bridging details 28-29
Chord details Bridging details 28 29

Design examples and load tables 30-37
Design examples Load tables 30-33 34-37

Services and design software 38-39
Services and general notes Software 38 39

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Quality and service

Investing in quality and service
The Company Metsec plc is the UK’s largest specialist cold roll-forming company, providing structural steel components for the UK construction and manufacturing industries. We have been established for over 75 years and are based in Oldbury in the West Midlands. Today, Metsec are part of the Profilform Division of voestalpine - the world’s largest manufacturer of cold roll-formed sections, with a global network producing over 800,000 tonnes of cold rolled steel per annum. We focus on adding value through expert design, precision manufacturing and on-time, in-full product delivery. Our aim is to provide excellent service and quality products that offer our customers cost effective solutions. Metsec Lattice Beam Division Lightweight steel lattice beams were first introduced by Metsec in the 1950’s and their inherent advantages very quickly established the product as the first choice for structurally sound, cost effective construction. Since this introduction, the Metsec policy of continual research and development has ensured that quality and technical properties have improved over the years and availability of type has increased in parallel with development in building technology and architectural styles. The Metsec Lattice Beam Division offers a wide range of joist and truss solutions pre-engineered off site. We can achieve spans of up to 40m and all of our designs give optimal levels of structural performance in roof, floor or any other application where light weight and long span performance is important. All sections are designed in accordance with BS 5950-5:1998. Quality Metsec operates strict design and quality procedures through a Quality Management System accredited to BS EN ISO 9001:2000 which covers both our design and manufacturing operations. This commitment to quality ensures that we provide the highest levels of performance throughout our operations, ensuring the highest level of customer satisfaction.

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Independently. This report gives us both an assessment of our current environmental position as well as identifying key areas for improvement in the future. According to the British Constructional Steelwork Association (BCSA). recovery rates for steel components from building demolition sites are 84% for recycling and 10% for re-use*. * BCSA publication no. responsibility.Quality and service Sustainability Certification Re-use and recycling Metsec and voestalpine both regard the issue of sustainability as a core social. as well as with voestalpine. We were therefore pleased to be awarded the Sandwell Borough Platinum Environmental Charter Award following an audit of our Environmental management procedures and award of BS EN ISO 14001:2004. This gives a total potential recovery and re-use factor of steel from buildings of an incredible 94%.dxf format. and that Metsec is already meeting legislation or best practice in the large majority of areas. 35/03 SPeAR® Our market-leading LatticeSPEC design software provides cost effective solutions to maximise the design efficiency of structures. Design Steel is one of the World’s most recycled materials. In some cases Metsec is starting to move beyond best practice. as well as corporate. The cornerstone of this is the very thorough and detailed societal. Metsec were the first cold roll-forming company to be awarded the prestigious gold standard under the Steel Construction Sustainability Charter.” 5 . Metsec will continue to pursue sustainability as a key business objective. saving the professional team valuable time when specifying our products. Additionally. Comprehensive technical support is provided by our design office. economic and environmental sustainability review of our operations carried out in the SPeAR® (Sustainable Project Appraisal Routine) Report from Arup. Metsec recognise that environmental responsibility is both a local as well as a global issue. For full details on our technical support service and how to obtain a free copy of LatticeSPEC please refer to page 39. This has been recognised by the award of BS EN ISO 14001:2004 for our Environmental Management System. To quote from the report: “ The baseline SPeAR® diagram shows a well balanced performance in terms of sustainability. The latest version of LatticeSPEC offers the unique advantage of producing complete profiles/sections of joists and trusses in .

from simple parallel joists through to complex double curve.excellent head height The open web configuration of Metsec lattice beams allows for the simple passage of services through the web lacings.Product Range Features and benefits Metsec lattice beams are designed and manufactured to BS 5950-1: 2000 and 5: 1998 and are formed from two cold rolled chord sections with a central web joining the two together. However. The web members are usually constructed from solid bar on the smaller joists or hollow section for the deeper joists and trusses. Typical profiles are shown on page 8-9. Where special duct openings are required these should be positioned near the centre of the beam where shear is less critical. These are joined to the chord sections by CO2 shielded arc welding in a pre-set jig to ensure dimensional accuracy. Please consult the Metsec Lattice Beam Technical Department for further information. Long span . the web lacings will not necessarily align unless this is specifically requested. Where special duct openings are required these should be positioned near the centre of the beam where shear is less critical. wave trusses. 6 . However. Services . the web lacings will not necessarily align unless this is specifically requested. Please consult the Metsec Lattice Beam Technical Department for further information.light wieght The open web configuration of Metsec lattice beams allows for the simple passage of services through the web lacings. to suit almost any application. The chord sections are all formed from high yield steel to BS EN 10149-2: 1996 and have a minimum yield strength of 355N/mm². This process allows for the design and manufacture of a vast range of profiles.

The timber is rigidly attached to the chords by shot-fired pins at 600mm staggered centres. This is recommended for cold roofs and roofs with limited access or exposed locations.T. maximising use of space and optimising aesthetics. grade 8. Finish – as flexible as your design All Metsec lattice beams are supplied shot blasted and factory finished with a Zinc Phosphate primer as standard. beams can be incorporated at the head of partitioning and drylinig systems without any requirement for separate boxing in or encaement. They will always consist of an appropriate jointing arrangement with a full penetration butt weld. are available upon request. This offers a simple fixing medium for certain floor/roof finishes.8 bolts to join the sections.to ease site access Where site access is a consideration. The joists are then assembled on site using H.for rapid.Product Range Optimised wall/ceiling junctions Due to the slim profile offered by Metsec lattice beams’ excellent strength to weight ratio. timber firrings and/or plasterboard ceilings. simplifying and accelerating installation. This allows continous and parallel studwork to full ceiling height. 7 . Flush site joints to the top and/or bottom chords are also available. bolted joints can be used. A hot-dipped galvanised finish is also available. Pre-engineered offsite . This feature is particularly important if it is desired to leave the lattice members exposed as part of a ‘feature’ internal roof structure. including any standard RAL colour. Other painted finishes. Factory joints may occasionally be incorporated into joists. Timber . secure fixings Flush fitting standard ‘Vac-Vac WR’ treated timber can be supplied if required in the top and/or bottom chords of all beams.

8 . Tapered truss Tapered trusses are suitable for all types of mono-pitch roof construction. Parallel pitched beam Parallel pitched beams are suitable for all types of duopitch roof construction providing extra headroom over that afforded by the pitched truss. Pitched truss Pitched trusses are suitable for all types of duo-pitch roof construction and can be used with most external finishes from lightweight metal sheeting through to heavier constructions with tiles on battens or decking. They can be used with most external finishes from lightweight metal sheeting through to heavier constructions with tiles on battens or decking. When used in conjunction with Metsec Z-section purlins the design of deep valley gutters can be simplified. pre-cast concrete slabs or profiled metal decking with in-situ poured concrete.Product Range Product range Parallel beam Roofs – suitable for use with flat roofs or sloping roofs where the lattice beams can be laid to falls. Inverted truss Inverted trusses are generally used on low pitched roofing with timber or metal decking and built up finishes. They can be used with most external finishes from lightweight metal sheeting through to heavier constructions with tiles on battens or decking. They can also be used as long span purlins and are suitable for use with most external finishes from lightweight metal sheeting through to heavier constructions with tiles on battens or decking. Floors – suitable for use as joists in all types of flooring including timber.

Product Range Curved truss Curved trusses can provide an aesthetically enhanced roof profile. Double curved (wave) truss Double curved trusses provide an ideal solution for the designer working with modern multi-curved roof structures. When used with a standing seam roof this type of construction is easy to detail and install giving a very low maintenance roof. Similarly the wide range of Metsec mezzanine floor C-sections can provide a range of system solutions for the designer. Curved beam Curved beams provide an aesthetically enhanced roof profile construction providing extra headroom over that afforded by the curved truss. When used with a standing seam roof this type of construction is easy to detail and install giving a very low maintenance roof. When used in conjunction with Metsec SFS framing system the structure can be built to a constant datum and can be used with all typical external finishes Inverted curved truss Inverted curved trusses offer designers a simple solution when specifying a single curve roof structure. 9 . In many of the applications listed above Metsec Z-section purlins provide an excellent design solution to carry the external finish. This can be used to enhance the appearance of roof structures and is frequently specified with standing seam roofing to create a smooth appearance.

Internal space can also be optimised by passing services through the web of the lattice rather than having to suspend them underneath causing a significant loss of headroom.Roof beams Metal roof systems Metsec lattice beams can offer the ideal solution for supporting a wide variety of roofing systems due to their excellent strength to weight ratio. Similarly their aesthetic properties mean that they can be supplied painted and left exposed as part of a ‘feature’ internal roof structure. A typical Metsec typical lattice beam can weigh up to 50% less than its hot rolled counterpart and yet still achieve spans of up to 40m without the need for intermediate support columns – which can allow designers greater flexibility when working to optimise internal space. West Midlands 10 . The natural open web of the truss allows for the simple passage of services. In addition to the direct reduction of the environmental footprint of a construction project by virtue of their lighter weight. Leasowes Medical Centre. Curved truss with structural deck Metsec curved trusses can be used to support structural decks with a suspended ceiling. lattice beams can also help to reduce the environmental footprint of the project by using off-site fabrication to speed up the construction process of the roof as the lighter sections can generally be transported and handled more efficiently on site.

Roof beams Parallel beam laid to fall Metsec parallel beams can be used to support Z-section purlins bolted to cleats pre-welded to the top chord of the beam. insulation and metal deck provide the weather-proof layer and are fixed to the Z-section purlins. Z-section purlins are fitted flush to the top chord of the pitched trusses to support standing seam roof. Staplehurst Medical Centre. Flush fitting Z-section purlins are often used to minimise the overall construction depth of the roof. Kent 11 . Liner tray. or similar. West Midlands Pitched truss with flush-fitting Z-section purlins Metsec pitched trusses are supported on a hot rolled steel structural frame. Vauxhall Sales Centre.

12 . Ply or similar sheathing is then used to support weatherproofing layers of battens. underlay and roof tiles or slates. Timber roof rafters are then fixed to the timber firrings to support counter battens. Firrings by others Timber insert for nailability Pitched truss used to support timber purlins Traditional timber purlins can be supported on a Metsec pitched truss. In this application timber firrings are fixed directly to flush fitting timber inserts in the top chord of the beam. tiling battens and tile or slates. underlay.Roof beams Traditional roof systems Parallel beam used as purlin Metsec parallel beams can be used as long span purlins supported on load bearing masonry walls.

These beams can be up to 50% lighter than hot rolled beams and use far less steel with considerably less environmental impact than other systems. substrate and Sedum roof. Smithswood School.Roof beams Green roof systems Parallel beams used to support steel decking with green roof surfacing Metsec parallel beams can be used to support a structural deck. membrane. Solihull 13 .

are becoming ever more popular for constructing complete structures. This adds to the complete. The complete wall and roof solution is frequently installed through the Metsec Framing Division’s approved installer network. one-source nature of the package in keeping with the demands of the modern construction industry. The Metsec Lattice Beam and Framing Divisions work together closely to provide total construction solutions for the developer. combined with SFS stand-alone walling systems.Roof beams Complete lightweight systems Metsec lightweight trusses. Grange School 14 .

Patching Lodge.Roof beams Metsec double curve roof system Metsec lightweight trusses and Z-section purlins can also be combined with stand alone. light gauge. Brighton 15 . cold rolled Steel Framing Systems (SFS) to provide complete one-source building solutions.

Stiffener angles can be welded to the sides of the top chord.Roof beams Eaves cantilever systems Top chord cantilever This detail can be used for small span cantilevers of up to 1m. if required. 16 . Cantilever bolted to welded stub-post This detail can be used for medium span cantilevers of up to 2m. Since the cantilever roof element does not require an insulation layer the line of the supporting cantilever eaves structure is correspondingly raised to support the top sheet. to provide an economic cantilever solution. The cantilever arm is bolted to the end post which is supplied welded into the end of the lattice.

Roof beams Loose. Park Central Apartments. Birmingham 17 . bolt-on cantilever This detail can be used for large span cantilevers of over 2m. The cantilever arm extends into the building to provide an adequate backing span and is bolted on to the top chord of the lattice.

Lukes School. St. which results in fewer penetrations and fixings into the existing structure. The additional space created under the new structure can also be used to house building services making usable space available elsewhere in the structure.Roof beams Over-roof systems Building services Ring beams Where existing flat roofs are starting to fail or require upgrading. one option to consider is the creation of a new pitched. or curved.typically at a fraction of new build costs. The new lattice trusses are installed to span across the building and provide a range of benefits for the building owner. Portsmouth. including improved water run-off and enhanced building insulation. 18 . over-roof which can be constructed quickly and cost effectively using lattice trusses. The Metsec lattice team have gained considerable expertise in the design of trusses for use in over-roofing projects both large and small. The new trusses can be spaced at much wider centres than other over-roof systems. The lightweight lattice over-roofing system avoids the need to strengthen the existing roof structure and can give an existing building a much needed facelift .

” Rob Moy. the cradle system has been successfully installed within a number schools in the Essex area over the past few years. fittings and finishes left in place but covered. the cradle support system offers a permanent solution in a more straight forward and cost-effective way than any of the alternatives previously available. Senior Building Surveyor at Atkins 19 . problems can arise as the planks start to deflect over time. The problem Where RAAC planks have been used for flat roofing. with all the associated disruption and cost this may cause. This deflection can allow rainwater to pond on the roof. This has allowed the schools to continue concentrating on educating rather than managing the impact of the works on their school and has been seen as a significant benefit by the client. Once the deflection has been corrected the void between roof plank and beam is filled with high density. can exacerbate the stresses on the roof structure already caused by the deflection. This results in up to 50% lower costs than a new roof and allows weekend and/or night working. non shrink grout to take the load. Ponding water resulting from deflection Deflected RAAC roof plank The solution By avoiding the need to re-roof. which in turn. minimising disruption. The system has enabled the school to remain in occupation at all times as the work is undertaken overnight with the majority of furniture. Metsec offers a simple solution to any Re-inforced Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (RAAC) plank roof where deflection is leading to long-term structural damage to the roof.Roof beams Cradle support systems The unique Metsec cradle support system can be used to save flat roofs that are nearing the end of their functional life. In this system a grid of lattice beams are fixed below the existing roof and a precise air lifting system (PALS) is inflated to correct deflection. Deflected RAAC roof plank Pre-existing roof support beams Secondary Metsec beams Primary Metsec beams “ Under the direction of Atkins project managers.

Metsec lattice primary members together with Z or C-section secondary members provide a cost effective solution to ceiling/service support requirements. Lattice beams are ideal for clean rooms.Ceilings and service supports Ceilings and service support systems Metsec parallel lattice beams are the ideal solution for the support of ceiling structures within existing buildings. Metsec parallel beam Used with secondary C-sections to support a suspended ceiling. Service support/pipebridge Metsec provide an economic system to form pipebridge and service supports. unobstructed spans are essential and where their light weight can minimise the load on to the existing structure. Lightweight lattice joists are provided in pairs and braced together to form spans of up to 40m. London Millennium Dome. data halls. London 20 . In the illustration shown. the ability to run split-level ducting through the lattice without any loss of internal headroom is clearly demonstrated. A further benefit is that future changes to the building services can easily be accommodated by running piping or ducting through the lattice. Whether the ceiling is a simple suspension from a secondary grid of C-sections or is ‘walk-on’ and supported from the bottom chord of the lattice beam. various paint specifications are also available where required. telecommunications facilities. retail units and secure locations where long. They can also allow the passage of services through the lattice’s web without any loss of head room or need for exposed pipework which can form a potential dust trap. However. Metsec has a range of solutions. Millennium Dome. The majority of pipebridges are supplied with a galvanised finish for external applications.

These systems are particularly popular in the creation of “clean rooms” where sealing the joints of these planks creates a closed ceiling void in which the high level mechanical and electrical services can be installed without the need for secondary floors or complex support systems.Ceilings and service supports Walk-on ceiling systems Metsec parallel beam supporting walk-on ceiling Metsec parallel ceiling support beams can be used for walk-on ceiling applications. Ceiling and service support structure Clean room ceiling support structure 21 . These systems provide an excellent solution to the location of services and are specifically designed to allow maintenance engineers to walk on top of the ceiling system. Metsec lattice beams are frequently used to create a support structure for walk-on ceilings in which an interlocking system of steel faced planks is used to create a load bearing ceiling construction. This facilitates the easy access to services and components without the need for the access equipment normally associated with more basic ceiling installations. The two photographs to the left show projects where Metsec lattice beams are employed in walk on ceiling constructions.

Similarly. lattice beams can also help to reduce the environmental footprint of the project by using off-site fabrication to speed up the construction process of the floor as the lighter sections can generally be transported and handled more efficiently on site. In addition to the direct reduction of the environmental footprint of a construction project by virtue of their lighter weight.Floor beams Traditional floor systems Metsec lattice joists offer a simple solution for the construction of both conventional and mezzanine floors due to their excellent strength to weight ratio. 22 . Leeds. the ability to insert flush fitting timber sections into the top and bottom chords offers a simple medium for the fastening of floor decking and/or plasterboard ceilings. White Rose Shopping Centre. This means that a typical lattice joist can weigh up to 50% less than their hot rolled counterparts. Traditional floors Metsec parallel floor joists at 600mm centres with the floor decking nailed to the top chord and two layers of plasterboard to the bottom chord. Of great importance to the designer is the fact that the internal space can be optimised by passing services through the web of the lattice joists rather than having to suspend them underneath causing a significant loss of headroom.

Floor beams Mezzanine floor systems Mezzanine floors Metsec parallel floor joists with C-sections supporting floor decking. The photograph below shows a project where 17m span lattice joists were designed to carry storage loadings. Wiltshire 23 . Zurich Insurance.

Fixing details Typical fixing details F1 – Shoe fixing to concrete padstone F2 – Beam laid to fall on sloping shoes F3 – Full depth fixing to concrete padstone F4 – Full depth seating with beam extended F5 – Beam fixing to internal wall F6 – Beam laid to fall with full depth seat 24 .

Fixing details F7 – Fixing to concrete face with loose angle cleats F8 – Shoe fixing to hot rolled steelwork F9 – Shoe fixing to hot rolled steelwork (pair) F10 – Full depth fixing to the web of hot rolled steelwork F11 – Full depth fixing to hot rolled steelwork F12 – Fixing to internal hot rolled steelwork 25 .

26 .Fixing details Typical fixing details F13 – Beam to column flange fixing F14 – Beam to column fixing with plate welded to column F15 – Beam to beam trimmer fixing F16 – Typical bridging fixing detail F17 – Bracing fixing detail Note ‘F’ and ‘T’ details illustrate a typical range of connections that are available. Other connections can be fabricated to suit site conditions.

Fixing details T1 – Full depth fixing with bearing plate T2 – Purlin to truss fixing T3 – Truss to column flange fixing T4 – Standard shoe fixing to hot rolled steelwork T5 – Beam to truss trimmer fixing T6 – Standard shoe fixing to concrete padstone 27 .

84 3.58 29.66 31.94 73.5 60 37.25 8.27 5.85 5.41 32.90 7.5 y x MD 50 4 x 24.85 5.84 4.27 112.12 12.51 23.90 840.15 542.14 3.93 3.47 8.5 x 23.36 16.72 x 210 65 80 65 y x x MJ 100 5 45.94 353.84 114.52 51.13 253.32 283.14 19.05 28 .96 50.11 64.97 3.Chord and bridging details Chord details Nominal dimensions Chord type y mm Area cm2 rxx cm ryy cm Ixx cm4 Iyy cm4 Zxx cm3 Zyy cm3 120 35 50 35 y x MB 50 2.16 1.89 2.48 135 37.53 1.13 13.17 51.04 19.64 230 70 90 70 y x x ML 100 6 45.91 40 155 75 40 y MG 75 5 x 38.

4 – 3.5 Sizes of bridging angle for various joists centres Centres of joists (m) 0 – 2.9 Standard bridging angle (mm) 50 x 50 x 3 60 x 60 x 5 80 x 80 x 6 100 x 100 x 8 Wind reversal Where construction loads are light the bottom chords should be checked for compression due to the wind reversal forces. when construction loads are deemed to be light. The slenderness ratio l/r of the bridging angle must not exceed 250.0 – 3. Knee bracing 29 .4 MG 5.4 2.9 – 4. Please contact Metsec Lattice Beam Technical Department for further advice.9 3.2 MJ 6. Bridging Maximum spacing of bridging for chord sections (m) Type MB 3.4 ML 7. Bridging may also be required to the bottom chords depending on design considerations.Chord and bridging details Bridging details Bridging Bridging is recommended during the construction period to enable the beams to support the construction loads. However. bridging can be omitted at the discretion of the Metsec Lattice Beam Technical Department.0 3.8 MD 4. Bridging consists of steel angles connected to the top chord of the lattice. and to hold the beams at the centres and positions indicated on the plans.

Stone Road.83kN/m (>2.5 = 2.Design examples and load tables Design examples Parallel beam . Use Metsec lattice beams ref: MD50 Total load capacity Imposed load capacity Important The lighter the beam.5 (joist spacing) = 5. conform approximately to the following: Approximate depth = span/24 i. Example 1 MD 50 10.7) 60 TRW 100 Thus MJ60TRW(100) comprises MJ type chord sections with an overall truss depth at the shallow end of 600mm rising to a central ridge with a Warren type web pattern and a 100 slope.20kN/m2 Example 2 MJ Thus MD50 comprises MD type chord sections with an overall beam depth of 500mm without pitch or taper.Wt steelwork Dead load Imposed load Unfactored total load 0.60kN/m2 1.52kN/m (>5. 12m span/24 = 500mm deep Design example Joist span Joist spacing Roof loading: Decking and insulation Ceiling and services Allow S.7kN/m. the more cost effective the solution 5.e.4 kN/m and imposed load requirements = 0.10kN/m2 0.4) 3.30kN/m2 0.6 x 4.60kN/m2 0. depths of roof beam.span/depth ratio As a guide. Refer to load tables.000mm 4.20kN/m2 0. West Midlands 30 . as follows: Chord type MB – ML Depth at shallow end (cm) Configuration Pitch or radius Gradient (o) Radius (m) T (tapered) TR (pitched) PP (parallel pitched) I (inverted) CT (curved truss) CB (curved beam) Therefore load requirement = 1.2 x 4.500mm Designation The designation of beam configurations and depths is given by a simple letter and number code.

Summerhill Primary School. Warren type truss with vertical posts Additional members are introduced to the basic warren type joist or truss to support loads which do not occur at node positions. longer diagonal members are in tension. Diagonals are alternatively struts and ties. Typical tapered truss options Warren type truss May be preferred in having a better appearance than the N – type joist or truss. This results in a frame less susceptible to deflection than the N – type.i. West Midlands 31 .e.Design examples and load tables Typical truss options N – type truss This is the most economical type of joist or truss when considering gravity loading only and where stress reversals are insignificant .

The beam can be provided with fully fixed end connections determined by simple frame analysis if required. For longer buildings additional bracing may be required to intermediate bays. Purlins The most economic section used for supporting the roof cladding is a cold rolled purlin. In addition to providing stability to the lattice beams. Metsec eaves beam Gable posts Metsec lattice beam Vertical brace Vertical brace Optional bottom tie Knee brace as required Metsec lattice beam Metsec lattice beam Metsec Z-section purlins Metsec cold rolled Z-section purlins provide adequate lateral restraint to the top (compression) chord of the lattice beams.e. Metsec lattice beam Metsec lattice beam Vertical brace Vertical brace Raf t bra er cing Metsec lattice beam Cleader rail C L Ridge 32 . Alternatively. gable posts propped at bracing node points) and acts as stability bracing during erection. Bracing The longitudinal tensile forces in the Metsec Z-section purlins resulting from lateral restraint to the lattice beams are transmitted to the diagonal rafter bracing system provided at each end of the building. being able to meet short.Design examples and load tables Lattice beam. bracing also resists wind loading at the gable ends (i. Vertical bracing as shown on the roof plan ensures that all forces are transmitted to the foundations. medium or long span requirements. they can be simply supported to carry vertical applied dead and imposed loads and fixed for horizontal wind as a common design assumption. economical solution when used as a main support to the roof structure. in steel frame construction Lattice beam The Metsec lattice beam can provide a very attractive. lightweight.

Design examples and load tables Lattice truss in load bearing wall construction Lattice truss The Metsec lattice truss provides a lightweight. Rafter bracing The longitudinal forces in the Metsec Z-section purlins resulting from lateral restraint to the lattice truss are transmitted to the diagonal rafter bracing system. Purlins Metsec cold rolled Z-section purlins are used as economic support to the roof cladding and provide adequate lateral restraint to the top (compression) chord of the lattice truss. Bottom tie bracing The wind loading on vertical spanning side walls is resisted by a horizontal bracing system utilising a steel or concrete ring beam at bottom chord (eaves) level. The lattice form provides a more flexible service zone within the ceiling void. Large spans of up to 40m are easily accommodated. The longitudinal ties also serve as lateral restraint members to the bottom chord of lattice truss in compression from wind uplift. This ring beam may be returned on the gable ends to provide intermediate lateral support to the walls. economic solution when used as the roof lid main support member on load bearing wall construction. Load bearing walls Services “Suspended” ceiling Metsec truss Metsec Z-section purlins Metsec truss Metsec truss Horizontal span of ring beam Ra f bra ter cin g Longitudinal tie Metsec truss Ring beam Longitudinal tie Eaves bracing 33 .

04 6.55 9.40 2.98 1.28 1.65 3.99 9.93 13.53 1.76 1.45 10.58 9.44 11.10 13.58 6.51 4.08 16.30 7.60 4.61 3.97 14.69 3.01 4.09 7.55 7.22 5.73 5.67 1.34 16.47 1.53 3.48 11.45 3.62 27.38 15.60 12.91 3.25 20.40 1.66 12.55 2.09 10.06 3.67 1.96 15.08 23.07 9.57 5.20 8.41 3.92 23.65 1.91 19.07 4.27 4.41 4.79 8.92 5.68 23.12 9.53 4.75 3.20 2.87 9.19 9.29 15.56 3.61 3.56 2.99 5.82 21.82 24.63 9.30 9.93 12.00 9.76 16.95 30.38 1.48 2.40 2.04 6.88 4.81 9.76 26.70 11.06 7.58 18.37 6.26 11.48 15.31 14.41 5.17 9.64 3.41 17.95 7.39 19.88 2.54 22.29 11.58 12.55 9.63 2.13 1.06 2.86 29.70 8.93 14.77 4.07 22.84 12.61 11.60 15.01 16.73 1.32 5.60 9.13 2.97 9.97 12.97 6.49 3.31 14.34 2.26 9.59 12.80 19.78 9.90 5.15 9.13 2.41 9.55 20.83 16.58 11.52 28.55 16.04 2.32 17.40 15.41 6.06 1.41 17.31 7.52 4.15 4.97 21.10 2.74 12.06 6.00 3.83 9.48 5.63 1.08 5.52 3.38 3.85 2.29 2.53 6.91 3.44 13.62 7.41 17.60 12.38 18.38 15.22 3.52 1.05 5.83 17 33 Span (m) Standard camber (mm) 34 .15 27.09 6.98 11.66 5.66 18.98 15 26 2.97 17.26 2.57 18.72 1.21 6.80 19.36 2.84 17.38 2.41 2.43 1.84 4.09 1.61 14.08 4.96 2.01 1.05 2.71 18.27 11.36 2.20 2.78 19.97 7.17 23.10 6.86 2.61 8.71 6.79 2.03 12.50 15.48 4.82 13 19 1.05 3.90 4.94 35.21 6.07 23.31 24.76 4.35 1.55 11.26 2.28 4.30 13.92 2.17 2.49 4.99 1.66 8.29 6.55 16.97 11.53 6.60 4.59 18.50 5.28 6.74 3.47 6.97 19.36 26.08 3.28 1.72 35.39 2.86 5.68 27.72 3.56 14.37 2.83 8.85 22.51 1.95 11.25 18.01 1.16 4.62 18.67 10.79 11.68 1.67 13.74 13.94 8.78 3.48 14.04 7.76 10.66 2.03 4.30 5.68 22.30 17.08 6.06 2.81 2.20 6.61 11.99 2.40 5.47 16.69 4.30 8.59 19.05 2.79 25.32 17.90 19.85 27.55 30.01 7.72 4.25 9.30 17.73 27.38 9.17 10.28 22.70 18.77 19.97 8.01 28.65 3.89 16.48 9.74 3.30 3.20 7.16 23.01 27.39 2.12 5.00 1.66 12.69 7.12 1.46 6.91 2.86 13.76 4.89 21.77 5.73 3.50 4.89 9.64 9.58 2.22 8.83 27.34 22.86 35.92 13.51 1.39 19.90 19.29 3.85 16.53 11.15 5.07 6.64 24.76 2.49 20.60 5.00 5.00 5.29 8.90 2.80 12.00 28.68 7.47 15.05 2.53 11.32 6.07 2.51 17.89 1.50 3.47 3.72 14.44 27.14 9.58 5.70 2.24 12.85 6.19 15.16 8.15 27.54 1.80 19.06 1.34 7.44 21.95 23.79 18.70 3.80 3.94 9.00 10.76 9.30 14.87 10.15 2.76 6.64 3.67 7 6 8 1.57 8.78 9.06 19.68 4.90 15.65 10.48 15.27 2.52 1.29 11.82 4.41 28.20 23.59 16 29 1.96 34.96 7.78 3.85 16.95 1.55 10.97 11.77 10.38 4.72 4.09 2.72 3.03 27.88 7.27 9.30 21.20 12.48 32.95 6 4 7 1.40 19.16 5.69 3.57 1.43 4.21 4.21 7.90 19.87 11.24 9.88 6.06 29.76 3.05 18.68 1.51 13.26 2.76 19.26 4.63 1.04 4.58 12.62 3.27 20.67 3.70 3.03 9.11 1.07 3.40 15.29 2.40 15.68 27.92 7.76 11.82 13.00 24.37 7.40 2.92 18.86 3.67 35.85 3.48 2.45 4.78 3.52 22.13 4.10 23.87 11.11 2.34 11 14 1.20 1.30 34.72 2.78 29.63 2.73 20.95 7.95 1.84 12.38 1.36 2.78 12.97 16.46 6.92 25.88 7.67 25.10 16.50 3.77 3.34 8.19 7.14 29.73 25.72 3.31 2.19 2.42 1.32 3.12 3.35 2.53 3.59 14.48 19.31 10.93 17.83 10.11 6.48 15.31 2.49 1.46 22.55 22.76 4.92 4.78 25.39 17.33 8.44 21.48 1.57 23.90 9.90 5.36 14.19 2.47 2.14 7.21 23.63 19.72 18.86 6.53 11.19 15.12 2.07 27.82 4.50 17.06 16.15 4.76 29.05 15.62 14.27 18.93 2.67 1.97 2.46 9.85 3.13 2.70 3.56 8.43 3.24 11.93 17.37 1.56 9.28 2.66 12.41 13.85 13.08 7.84 2.64 10.84 4.86 17.21 29.01 19.88 7.65 2.73 32.39 5.97 9 9 1.99 1.65 3.20 9.74 6.71 13.30 5.94 4.78 24.74 3.61 5.21 1.49 33.98 7.17 7.84 13.08 15.62 9.07 4.31 3.47 4.97 12.16 5.39 1.70 11.82 1.39 3.64 2.67 3.88 9.93 4.17 7.20 5.90 25.06 4.81 14.36 12.21 11.45 3.03 34.72 7.71 12.88 15.06 23.96 9.67 17.53 20.78 12.95 12.71 10.85 17.06 8.85 1.90 7.22 4.86 13.97 12 16 1.76 12.80 25.82 1.06 8.03 3.22 2.32 22.91 7.74 1.97 4.29 36.98 15.86 13.57 21.88 8.57 5.99 1.41 26.70 34.33 8.85 7.85 1.46 9.28 9.49 1.37 19.64 10.49 7.85 6.83 13.31 5.51 8.17 2.25 30.08 20.08 13.66 13.10 29.49 2.69 3.76 25.91 4.55 14.91 17.81 5.86 27.30 2.60 2.84 11.16 2.25 10.48 1.17 2.94 5.08 29.63 3.75 28.82 11.68 4.19 7.86 3.72 21.97 17.95 29.93 2.44 6.43 3.95 19.94 5.58 16.02 4.77 6.12 6.67 6.47 5.71 14.68 10.28 1.24 16.69 3.29 17.90 12.37 3.08 22.28 2.03 1.24 15.13 16.93 13.69 3.01 4.16 20.00 29.66 12.66 10.52 33.16 3.54 11.01 6.48 3.85 27.62 5.33 11.94 5 3 6 2.11 2.16 5.53 14.26 5.09 10.53 1.53 25.78 22.31 6.27 21.28 17.35 5.91 13.38 15.26 6.71 20.88 13.90 11.92 2.94 9.01 1.20 10.60 12.63 12.55 16.34 5.15 7.94 1.63 11.89 8.62 22.47 9.49 26.73 3.02 7.93 13.77 3.63 5.58 12.74 2.74 12.68 2.00 7.67 27.13 7.21 23.94 10.14 2.38 2.43 1.00 12.07 11.00 4.36 12.57 8.34 25.00 29.38 12.62 2.06 6.66 13.73 10.71 8.31 7.60 16.30 5.38 7.59 28.37 15.41 22.22 8.14 9.01 4.90 6.21 4.13 3.04 10.94 27.97 10.91 15.66 1.75 5.98 2.72 27.23 8.99 6.28 22.13 6.19 13.53 1.29 22.38 23.88 4.86 23.47 15.62 4.40 2.85 6.78 10.70 1.95 12.48 7.19 21.59 12.35 3.36 4.97 24.51 17.81 7.08 4.62 22.42 2.18 2.54 10.25 5.96 2.88 6.33 22.20 8.60 8.06 7.66 1.79 6.32 11.13 12.42 3.80 13.38 1.63 6.57 8.09 1.84 7.62 7.24 25.45 6.52 4.63 19.10 10.14 2.44 1.15 5.24 5.15 1.85 26.10 21.55 9.69 12.83 4.06 3.44 15.75 3.65 10.38 5.49 5.21 8.59 25.11 10.90 19.51 17.46 8 7 9 Span (m) 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 1.44 18.74 9.70 27.67 17.28 12.56 1.37 1.07 23.75 36.06 11.66 5.47 1.96 12.76 5.76 7.89 8.39 4.37 1.01 4.72 9.63 3.21 9.97 16.71 9.13 18.76 4.83 35.83 12.75 4.38 11.76 10.02 3.21 23.59 5.28 13.27 13.32 7.83 14 22 1.15 17.17 3.26 6.11 2.04 2.35 8.56 2.16 24.54 6.77 3.29 1.19 2.81 19.92 8.95 9.89 2.82 2.07 5.10 23.02 15.07 27.41 30.76 6.23 6.33 1.85 14.25 4.94 12.80 5.24 6.19 19.55 2.72 27.54 13.30 20.40 3.95 2.11 3.67 12.92 13.95 8.86 4.95 20.86 4.02 7.11 2.20 4.70 4.29 10.72 27.44 19.82 7.88 8.93 11.02 18.04 7.50 7.16 15.03 1.91 2.29 2.34 3.60 16.87 3.85 4.97 2.92 5.39 22.17 7.32 11.76 26.25 4.20 9.98 3.86 1.07 4.77 19.10 23.40 3.52 18.17 25.28 27.37 6.56 4.24 13.75 3.15 2.53 1.83 17.99 17.91 5.43 10.47 8.58 3.69 8.05 1.84 13.50 1.00 2.34 23.13 7.20 8.12 20.23 2.65 4.30 6.87 8.97 10 12 1.47 4.95 11.53 5.96 4.82 3.95 4.15 14.43 12.77 6.26 11.28 16.06 8.60 8.29 11.02 2.31 9.58 1.38 2.98 15.22 21.71 13.83 9.30 18.96 6.51 2.48 16.56 4.17 11.52 11.93 13.63 1.33 35.34 8.58 5.78 13.90 2.94 23.50 4.02 19.88 5.09 1.15 1.67 6.59 1.47 12.71 6.23 10.16 7.08 15.24 13.33 1.61 11.08 1.51 13.32 17.42 10.56 1.95 13.17 11.34 23.64 5.31 19.33 4.79 1.Design examples and load tables Load tables Joist Overall Typical node type depth (mm) centres (mm) MB22 MB27 MB30 MD30 MB35 MD35 MG35 MB40 MD40 MG40 MB45 MD45 MG45 MJ45 MB50 MD50 MG50 MJ50 ML50 MB55 MD55 MG55 MJ55 ML55 MB60 MD60 MG60 MJ60 ML60 MB65 MD65 MG65 MJ65 ML65 MB70 MD70 MG70 MJ70 ML70 MD80 MG80 MJ80 ML80 MD90 MG90 MJ90 ML90 MG100 MJ100 ML100 220 270 300 300 350 350 350 400 400 400 450 450 450 450 500 500 500 500 500 550 550 550 550 550 600 600 600 600 600 650 650 650 650 650 700 700 700 700 700 800 800 800 800 900 900 900 900 1000 1000 1000 250 350 380 380 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 600 900 900 600 600 600 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 900 Ixx Self weight (cm4) (kg/m) 816 1328 1697 2762 2416 3941 5429 3263 5334 7504 4240 6940 9926 12965 5345 8759 12696 16649 20650 6580 10791 15813 20812 25824 7943 13037 19277 25453 31594 9436 15496 23088 30572 37960 11057 18168 27247 36171 44922 24153 36606 48803 60635 30990 47355 63349 78732 59492 79809 99214 10 10 11 16 12 17 28 12 17 28 13 20 29 37 14 19 29 37 46 14 19 30 38 47 13 18 28 36 45 15 20 29 37 46 16 21 29 37 46 22 30 38 47 22 31 39 48 32 40 49 5 4.97 7.62 21.41 7.73 25.02 23.78 1.54 2.44 29.50 24.49 15.11 9.07 1.66 16.

16 2.75 8.54 2.85 1.03 1.73 1.86 2.25 1.86 2.89 1.33 4.14 2.16 2.66 3.29 2.02 5.34 1.67 4.75 1.87 4. The approximate camber for various spans is shown in the tables. By calculating Unfactored imposed loads and total loads in kilo Newtons per linear metre (kN/m) and referring to the appropriate table a suitable selection can be made by satisfying both imposed load and total load criteria.74 1.52 2.83 3.25 2.19 2.11 6.36 1.16 2.44 1.69 3.14 24 65 1.98 28 89 1.00 1.67 1.82 1.49 2.49 1.70 5.12 4.49 2.61 1.80 1.48 3.18 1.50 1.0m.15 1. please refer to LatticeSPEC design software or consult the Metsec Lattice Beam Technical Department.16 2. 4.81 5.81 3.82 1.74 3.46 3.71 1.26 2.32 2.28 5. It is recommended that Unfactored total load deflections (before camber) are limited to span/250.55 3.47 2. 2.20 2.77 3.29 4. Therefore safe working loads shown in red type are calculated with a deflection limit of span/360.00 3.67 2.73 3. 1.32 2.29 5. Therefore safe working loads shown in black type are calculated with a deflection limit of span/250.78 25 71 1.18 2.58 1.21 2.20 7.12 2.81 1.31 2.83 1.36 2.27 2.05 2.24 4.65 1.30 4.26 2. Tables are based on: 2.21 33 124 1.87 5.23 3.17 1.49 2.22 2.23 1.30 2.44 4.95 2.20 2.46 3.94 1.85 1.75 1.00 2.91 1. 6.37 1.56 2.14 1.1 The top (compression) chord of the beam is provided with adequate lateral restraints at spacings not greater than 1. Roof beams are fabricated with an upward camber.20 27 83 1.11 1.98 9.29 2.59 2.56 1.01 1.16 1.77 1.87 2.00 3.72 4.37 2.89 2.60 1.79 1.49 1.44 18 37 1.68 3.84 2.75 1.22 1.85 2.85 1. 5.10 1.66 6.91 1.06 1.59 2.44 2.30 6.69 21 50 1.14 2.80 1.70 3.19 2.99 3.54 2.14 1.28 2.55 1.04 7.46 7.22 1.28 4.30 4.85 1.12 2.28 1.32 5.40 1.48 2.90 1.82 4.90 1.55 2. 1.98 3.99 3.90 1.88 2.39 2.85 1.54 3.29 1. 1.89 2.73 3.05 1.75 4.90 2.08 1.59 4.46 1.32 2.73 1.70 1.99 2.91 2.14 2.41 2.81 5.98 4.98 7.10 2.61 1.42 20 45 1.11 5.32 32 116 1.17 1.13 2.59 1.33 2.66 1. All loads are safe working loads in kilo Newtons per metre (kN/m).57 1.45 2.21 2.79 1.27 3.23 2.25 1.95 3.12 1.73 2.40 0.55 6.17 2. or when curved.6 on ultimate loads calculated in accordance with BS 5950-1: 2000 and 5: 1998.75 2.11 3.49 1.75 3.52 4. 3.35 3.96 1.14 3.50 2.86 1.56 1.36 7.12 2.46 31 109 1.31 2.30 2.05 2. When design requirements are for depths greater than 2.81 1.53 1.71 1.85 3.57 3.42 1.03 1.33 2.32 2.88 3. 6.74 1.90 6.03 1.44 1.64 1.57 23 60 1.92 8.49 2.81 1.50 5.04 3.78 29 96 1.61 30 100 2.43 3.49 1.08 2.87 1.77 3.26 2.07 22 55 1.2 The load is uniformly distributed on the full span.50 2.86 1. BS 5950-1: 2000 and 5: 1998 recommends that Unfactored imposed load deflections are limited to span/360 where applicable.94 2.64 2.41 1.79 7.60 4.14 2.Design examples and load tables 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Span (m) 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Notes on load tables 1.25 6.67 1.14 2.31 4.77 6.61 1.22 2.08 2.36 2.41 1.58 2.22 2.55 4.91 3.17 2.64 1.65 1.14 4.82 1.84 4.84 1.41 1.70 1.94 1.13 1.46 6.71 3.26 1.08 1.09 9.75 5.94 3.51 1.35 1.59 2.10 34 131 35 .72 3.10 1.27 1.02 5.33 19 41 2.49 1.64 1.25 2.42 1.52 1.26 2.76 1.28 4.46 1.20 4.67 1.23 5.37 1.33 1. pitched or tapered profiles are required. Safe working loads have been derived by using a global safety factor of 1.08 2.96 2. Floor joists are supplied straight unless a camber is specifically requested.41 2.37 2.00 3.32 1.71 1.23 4.97 1.47 26 77 2.96 1.62 2.43 2.35 3.71 4.87 1.58 1.97 1.45 1.55 1.55 1.31 1.52 3.63 1.8m.77 3.11 2.76 1.73 1.66 1.99 5.67 3.91 1.32 2.12 1.13 1.

82 16.42 4.84 8.50 6.28 6.35 11.69 14.16 9.36 11.15 2.39 10.53 5.36 8.85 7.32 3.20 7.32 7.09 5.82 7.03 7.88 2.06 5.04 5.17 8.44 2.67 4.92 6.91 5.38 5.08 2.20 6.01 4.44 9.94 2.92 10.08 8.75 6.14 8.62 9.46 12.60 6.16 6.62 13.89 2.41 3.58 4.36 3.85 6.93 4.37 7.01 3.90 9.03 4.60 8.80 6.57 8.79 5.14 5.91 3.30 5.63 3.55 5.90 6.23 6.08 9.86 4.94 3.20 5.02 7.23 3.20 9.45 6.92 4.27 4.89 11.66 6.62 6.39 3.35 16.10 4.10 6.08 7.57 8.55 4.21 5.52 7.40 6.08 6.67 17.96 8.54 5.38 4.99 2.79 14 22 16 8.48 10.43 4.61 6.28 4.44 8.06 8.77 8.45 4.43 7.56 8.63 13.30 3.22 5.76 9.18 9.23 5.72 7.04 2.11 5.67 9.52 7.25 5.58 2.33 2.45 11.52 2.16 4.49 6.54 9.88 4.60 6.54 3.99 6.39 7.42 3.13 7.19 13.85 4.27 26 77 28 2.11 10.95 4.61 18 37 20 5.09 3.03 4.74 13.94 5.31 11.04 7.34 3.57 6.45 4.82 1.67 8.28 2.43 4.14 6.64 3.09 7.38 3.74 7.71 4.74 9.98 32 34 122080 87935 118472 147330 140675 174965 164792 204984 190823 237388 218769 272176 248628 309348 280402 348905 314089 390846 349691 435172 2.37 8.52 8.85 3.39 11.77 10.21 8.23 4.93 6.23 3.25 4.89 5.08 7.25 10.25 2.97 2.52 11.58 3.36 6.63 5.76 4.43 30 2.16 9.91 4.52 5.20 3.65 9.54 13.04 3.54 5.63 9.67 6.05 5.57 4.13 3.57 12.59 9.35 1.81 5.60 5.52 5.54 4.Design examples and load tables Load tables Joist Overall Typical node type depth (mm) centres (mm) MG110 MJ110 ML110 MG120 MJ120 ML120 MJ130 ML130 MJ140 ML140 MJ150 ML150 MJ160 ML160 MJ170 ML170 MJ180 ML180 MJ190 ML190 MJ200 ML200 1100 1100 1100 1200 1200 1200 1300 1300 1400 1400 1500 1500 1600 1600 1700 1700 1800 1800 1900 1900 2000 2000 900 900 900 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 Ixx Self weight (cm4) (kg/m) 73019 98184 32 40 50 31 39 48 40 49 40 50 41 51 42 51 42 52 43 53 44 54 44 55 10 13.08 5.92 3.17 3.76 12.03 3.28 2.09 4.67 6.85 13.13 10.21 7.20 4.74 3.63 3.80 8.77 5.91 5.46 5.74 10.46 10.73 5.77 7.17 2.89 4.58 7.84 9.31 4.69 7.43 2.57 30 100 2.71 24 65 26 3.14 8.08 5.80 1.94 9.83 5.74 9.13 16.69 9.46 3.30 7.95 5.54 7.82 6.59 6.00 5.78 5.95 3.70 13.28 3.88 3.86 6.44 13.08 10.61 5.78 8.65 14.12 2.21 12.31 4.60 4.14 16.15 14.03 4.64 8.10 6.64 3.32 16.55 4.76 1.36 11.33 5.94 4.60 4.89 8.67 3.68 11.38 7.29 1.35 12.72 2.06 6.19 5.28 5.26 10.73 5.70 10.54 5.24 8.45 15. Oldbury 36 .38 8.08 4.35 4.22 3.73 4.61 10.55 3.08 4.07 8.03 3.49 4.58 10.49 16.80 5.08 4.64 5.17 2.29 10.84 3.28 4.65 4.08 10.08 3.84 6.59 7.37 5.62 4.66 4.31 3.24 2.86 4.87 5.90 10.18 11.04 4.28 32 116 2.52 7.78 11.85 4.59 6.07 3.77 4.89 9.85 2.92 7.80 11.58 10.15 9.85 3.85 5.87 8.78 5.17 4.90 8.13 3.45 6.67 4.23 13.63 5.16 6.30 4.06 4.58 7.48 15.60 4.82 11.96 1.41 6.61 15.90 3.16 7.56 3.63 6.13 11.18 8.77 12.43 6.33 7.82 4.71 4.32 4.67 11.45 6.39 14.98 3.18 11.31 3.89 4.42 12 16 14 9.73 3.07 5.18 14.80 5.22 10.48 7.09 5.20 12.90 14.54 11.40 4.35 12.26 13.79 9.44 3.15 10.36 3.50 2.17 3.16 8.86 6.81 4.48 4.23 2.73 3.91 8.36 1.80 3.63 1.29 10.66 5.06 11.08 15.46 5.41 4.90 5.03 5.82 8.84 2.44 4.96 3.89 28 89 2.04 15.72 6.71 5.07 6.80 8.56 16 29 18 6.13 5.38 5.87 7.42 11.80 8.63 3.83 11.31 7.15 6.68 8.49 3.89 6.68 3.44 2.77 4.05 6.74 9.22 7.95 5.77 8.40 2.10 4.32 12.56 3.63 13.23 22 55 24 3.59 2.25 7.80 2.96 6.54 8.39 5.61 4.85 1.35 9.82 8.49 12.28 3.73 3.01 2.32 3.88 17.04 4.88 7.74 6.78 3.28 4.02 5.17 4.28 3.11 13.19 4.36 2.72 7.94 6.39 3.08 11.36 4.30 10.27 5.79 3.74 5.46 8.83 3.82 3.20 5.23 9.14 12.82 11.83 15.83 1.85 20 45 22 4.88 12.80 5.61 7.42 6.89 7.85 9.17 5.15 6.36 9.30 7.67 13.46 6.23 4.43 9.88 5.06 8.03 34 131 Span (m) Standard camber (mm) Factory extension.73 7.19 9.46 3.44 11.18 7.69 11.72 4.06 7.04 11.02 3.70 7.84 12.35 6.45 2.70 10 12 12 11.92 5.13 6.90 12.23 6.81 6.99 4.47 3.77 6.37 3.

2 The load is uniformly distributed on the full span. 4. 8. When design requirements are for depths greater than 2.0m. pitched or tapered profiles are required. Floor joists are supplied straight unless a camber is specifically requested. 5. Tables are based on: 6. Showcase Cinema. 7. Roof beams are fabricated with an upward camber.1 The top (compression) chord of the beam is provided with adequate lateral restraints at spacings not greater than 1.6 on ultimate loads calculated in accordance with BS 5950-1: 2000 and 5: 1998. Therefore safe working loads shown in red type are calculated with a deflection limit of span/360. please refer to LatticeSPEC design software or consult the Metsec Lattice Beam Technical Department. 6. Therefore safe working loads shown in black type are calculated with a deflection limit of span/250. All loads are safe working loads in kilo Newtons per metre (kN/m). Dudley 37 . 2. BS 5950-1: 2000 and 5: 1998 recommends that Unfactored imposed load deflections are limited to span/360 where applicable.Design examples and load tables Notes on load tables 1. 6. The approximate camber for various spans is shown in the tables.8m. Safe working loads have been derived by using a global safety factor of 1. It is recommended that Unfactored total load deflections (before camber) are limited to span/250. By calculating Unfactored imposed loads and total loads in kilo Newtons per linear metre (kN/m) and referring to the appropriate table a suitable selection can be made by satisfying both imposed load and total load criteria. 3. or when curved.

Our sales teams in particular have a thorough knowledge of our products and should be able to resolve most of your questions quickly and professionally. West Midlands B69 4HF.nbsplus. 38 . These can easily can be arranged by contacting the Metsec Lattice Beam Division on 0121 601 6000 or by visiting www. NBS Plus Technical specifications for Metsec lattice beams are also available via NBS Plus (www. It provides extensive guidance to help you select and edit the right clauses for your project Customer service Metsec are committed to providing the highest levels of customer satisfaction and ensure that our staff are trained to the highest possible levels in order to assist our customers at all stages of the design and installation process.com. Metsec’s team of engineers and specialist 3D draughtsmen will produce structural layouts and sections to assist the site team along with full fabrication drawings.metsec. West Midlands. Company Registration Metsec plc.Services and design software Services and general notes Detailing service Working from Architects’ and Consulting Engineers’ drawings. Tividale High School. Company Number: 1551970 (England) CPD The Metsec Lattice Beam Division offer a continuous professional development presentation which has been accredited by the Construction CPD Certification Service in the use and application of Metsec products and LatticeSPEC design software. By using NBS Building you can be assured you are using the industry standard specification system that conforms to best practice. technically accurate up to date specifications which can be copied directly into your building specifications thereby maintaining specification quality and saving you time. This facility enables you to create concise. Registered Office: Broadwell Road. Oldbury. Research and development Metsec operate a policy of continuous research and development reserving the rights to change the specification for products in this literature without prior notice.com).

It also includes an option to export the profile of the lattice with its end section in . Metsec produce a number of stand-alone design software packages including LatticeSPEC for our complete range of lattice beam solutions.metsec. enabling specifiers to import direct to their working drawings and to quickly and efficiently complete their detailing. Our first package for lattice design was produced in 1989.com xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxx Designed and produced by Communication Design Partnership 01959 562777 39 . For a free copy of the latest LatticeSPEC software please contact Metsec on 0121 601 6000 or visit our website: www. since when we have been continually updating and improving the packages that we offer.Services and design software Software Design software Metsec are pioneers when it comes to the provision of design software packages. Today.dxf format. This package enables the quick and easy design of all types of lattice beams.

Partitioning and Ceiling Support Systems Tel: +44(0) 2476 585600 Fax: +44(0) 2476 585649 hep@metsec.com www.com Metstrut Division Cable Ladder and Metal Framing Systems for M&E Support Tel: +44(0) 121 601 6085 Fax: +44(0) 121 601 6177 metstrut@metsec.com Hepsec Division Dry Linings. Metsec plc Broadwell Road. Oldbury. © Copyright METSEC plc 2008 In the interests of a policy of continuous research and development. Czech Republic.A. Russia and the U. France.com . Belgium. Metsec Building Products Ltd reserve the right to change the specifications in this publication without prior notice. B69 4HF Tel: 44+ (0) 121 601 6000 Fax: 44+ (0) 121 601 6109 email: lattice@metsec.com Metsec plc is a member of the Profilform Division of the voestalpine group with companies in Austria.com Framing Division Fast-Track Steel Building Systems Tel: +44(0) 121 601 6000 Fax: +44(0) 121 601 6021 metsecframing@metsec. West Midlands.metsec.Lattice Beam Division Lightweight Lattice Joists and Trusses Tel: +44(0) 121 601 6000 Fax: +44(0) 121 601 6109 lattice@metsec.S. Brazil. Germany.com Purlin Division Z and C-Sections for Building Shell Applications C-Sections for Mezzanine Floors Tel: +44(0) 121 601 6000 Fax: +44(0) 121 601 6065 purlin@metsec.