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According to IEC

c The peak value of short-time withstand current is equal to: v 2.5Isc at 50 Hz v 2.6Isc at 60 Hz v 2.7Isc for special cases.

According to ANSI

c The peak value of short-time withstand current is equal to: v 2.7 K Isc at peak value v 1.6 K Isc at rms. value. (K : voltage factor)

According to IEC

c The rated short-circuit duration is equal to 1 or 3 seconds.

According to ANSI

c The rated short-circuit duration is equal to 3 seconds.

Rated supply voltage for closing and opening devices and auxiliary circuits

According to IEC

c Supply voltage values for auxiliary circuits: v for direct current (dc): 24 - 48 - 60 - 110 or 125 - 220 or 250 volts v for alternating current (ac): 120 - 220 - 230 - 240 volts. c Operating voltages must fall within the following ranges: v Motor and closing release units: -15% to +10% of Ur in dc et ac v opening release units: -15% to +10% of Ur in ac; -30% to +10% of Ur in dc v undervoltage opening release units

the release unit gives the command and forbids closing the release unit must not have an action

0%

35 %

70 %

100 %

(at 85%, the release unit must enable the device to close)

According to ANSI

c Supply voltage values for auxiliary circuits: v for direct current (dc): 24 - 48 - 125 - 250 volts. v for alternating (ac): 120 - 240 volts

74

Schneider Electric

Standards

Motor and closing release units 48 Vsc 125 Vsc 250 Vsc 120 Vac 240 Vac Opening release units 24 Vsc 48 Vsc 125 Vsc 250 Vsc 120 Vac 240 Vac

36 to 56 90 to 140 180 to 280 104 to 127 208 to 254 14 to 28 28 to 56 70 to 140 140 to 220 104 to 127 208 to 254

Rated frequency

According to IEC

c Rated frequency: 50 Hz.

According to ANSI

c Rated frequency: 60 Hz.

c ANSI specifies 50% asymmetry and IEC 30%. In 95% of applications, 30% is sufficient. When 30% is too low, there are specific cases (proximity of generators) for which the asymmetry may be greater than 50%. c For both standard systems, the designer has to check the circuit breaker breaking capacity. The difference is not important because without taking account of the asymmetry factor "S", it is equal to 10%.

According to IEC

c Short-circuit breaking tests must meet the following 5 test sequences: Sequence n % Isym % aperiodic component

1 2 3 4 5* 10 20 60 100 100 20 20 20 20 30

Schneider Electric

75

Standards

According to ANSI

c The circuit breaker must be able to break: v the rated short circuit current at the rated maximum voltage v K times the rated short-circuit current (maxi symmetrical interrupting capability with K: voltage range factor) at the operating voltage (maximum voltage/K) v between the two currents obtained by the equation: maxi symetrical current rated maxi voltage = =K rated short-circuit current rated voltage We therefore have a constant breaking power (in MVA) over a given voltage range. Moreover, the asymmetrical current will be a function of the following table taking S = 1.1 for Merlin Gerin circuit breakers.

1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1 0 0 ratio S

Asymmetrical interrupting capability = S x symetrical interrupting capability. Both at specified operating voltage

2 0.033

3 0.050

4 0.067

cycles seconds

c Rated short-circuit breaking capacity (kA) Sequence n Example: c Isc = 40 kA c % asymmetry = 50% c Iasym = 1.1 40 = 44 kA 44 44 c Isym = = = 36 kA 1,22 1 + 2(50%)2 Sequence 6 will therefore be tested at 36 kA + 50% asymmetry, this being 44 kA of total current.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9/10 11 12 13/14

current broken

% aperiodic component

10 50 - 100 30 < 20 60 50 - 100 100 < 20 KI to V/K < 20 SI to V 50 - 100 KSI to V/K 50 - 100 electrical endurance reclosing cycle at ASI and AKSI C - 2 s - O at KI rated Isc duration = KI for 3 s single phase testing at KI and KSI (0.58 V)

Short-circuit breaking testing must comply with the 14 test sequences above, with:

I R : : symmetrical breaking capacity at maximum voltage reclosing cycle coefficient (Reclosing factor) voltage range factor:

K=

Vmax Vmin

asymmetrical factor:

76

Schneider Electric

Standards

According to IEC

Rated voltage

Ur (kV) 3.6

Isc (kA) 10 16 25 40 8 12.5 16 25 40 8 12.5 16 25 40 50 8 12.5 16 25 40 8 12.5 16 25 40 8 12.5 16 25 40

Ir (A) 400 630 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1250 1600 1600 2500 2500

3150

7.2

400 400

2500 2500

3150

12

400 400

3150 3150

17.5

400

1600

2500

3150

24

400

1600 1600

2500 2500

3150

36

2500 2500

3150

According to ANSI

Maximum rated voltage

Umax (kV) 4.76

Isc (kA) 18 29 41 7 17 33 9.3 9.8 18 19 28 37 8.9 18 35 56 5.4 11 22 36

(kV) 3.5 3.85 4 2.3 4.6 6.6 6.6 4 11.5 6.6 11.5 11.5 5.8 12 12 12 12 12 23 24

Isc (kA) 24 36 49 25 30 41 21 37 23 43 36 48 24 23 45 73 12 24 36 57

Merlin Gerin MV Design Guide

Ir (A) 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 2000 600 1200 1200 1200 3000 3000 4000 2000 3000 2000 2000

8.25

600

15

15.5

600

25.8 38

Schneider Electric

77

Standards

Derating

According to IEC

c Refer to "Switchgear definition/Derating" chapter.

According to ANSI

c The ANSI standard C37 04 gives for altitudes greater than 1 000 metres: v a correction factor for the applicable voltage on the rated insulation level and on the rated maximum voltage, v a correction factor for the rated operating current. The table of correction factors according to altitude (Altitude Corrections Factors: ACF). Altitude (ft)

3 300 5 000 10 000

(m)

1 000 1 500 3 000

1.00 0.95 0.8

continous current

1.00 0.99 0.96

N.B.: "sealed system" type circuit breakers, it is not necessairy to apply the voltage ACF on the maximum rated voltage

Electrical endurance

Merlin Gerin circuit breakers can withstand Isc at least 15 times. IEC and ANSI standards impose values well below this because they take account of oil breaking circuit breakers. These values are not very high and should the customer request it, we must provide those for the device being considered.

According to IEC

c The electrical endurance is equal to 3 times Isc.

According to ANSI

c The electrical endurance is equal to 4 times K.S.Isc.

Isc S K : : : symmetrical breaking capacity at maximum voltage asymmetrical factor voltage range factor

Mechanical endurance

According to IEC

c Mechanical endurance is of 2 000 switching cycles.

According to ANSI

c Mechanical endurance is of between 1 500 and 10 000 switching cycles according to the voltage and the breaking capacity.

Construction

According to IEC

c The IEC does not impose any particular constraints, however, the manufacturer has responsibility of determining what is required in terms of materials (thicknesses, etc) to meet performance requirements in terms of strength.

According to ANSI

c ANSI imposes a thickness of 3 mm for sheet metal.

78

Schneider Electric

Standards

Equipment is designed to operate under the following normal conditions

Temperature

Standards IEC 0C ambient instantaneous

minimal maximal maximum average daily value minimal maximal

- 5C + 40C 35C - 30C + 40C - 25C + 40C 35C

ANSI

N.B.: For all equipment operating under conditions other than those described above, derating must be provided (see derating chapter).

Altitude

According to IEC

c The altitude must not exceed 1 000 metres, otherwise the equipment should be derated.

According to ANSI

c The altitude must not exceed 3 300 feet (1 000 metres), otherwise the equipment should be derated.

Humidity

According to IEC

Average relative humidity value over a period

24 hours 1 month

Indoor equipment

95 % 90 %

According to ANSI

c No specific constraints.

Schneider Electric

79

References

c MV partner (Pierre GIVORD) c Protection of electrical networks (Christophe PREVE) c Protection of electrical networks (dition HERMES fax 01 53 10 15 21) (Christophe PREVE) c Medium voltage design (Andr DELACHANAL) c Cahiers techniques v n158 calculating short-circuit currents v n166 enclosures and protection indices (Jean PASTEAU)

Schneider Electric

81

Index

Alphabetical Index

Denomination

A

Acceleration Accuracy Accuracy class Accuracy limit factor Accuracy power Active power Altitude Angle Angular acceleration Angular speed Aperiodic component Apparent power Area Arrangement Asynchronous Automatic reclosing

50 38-39 81 9 53-78 27 53-78 68-69 69 68 40 9 19 16 49-61 16 68 9 9 69 69 68 69 69 69 68-69 27 27 9-29-37-47-54-67 69 69 14-15 69 38-53-79 43 17 39 69 69 68 68 6 29 38 41 69 67-69 40 39-7 29-37-67-69 51 68 52 67 69 68 67 46 67-69 67-69 67-69

E

Earthing disconnector Electrical endurance Electrodynamic withstand Endurance Energy Energy (torque) Entropy Environment Equipment Equivalent diagram Equivalent impedance

F

Factor Fault Arcs Field Fixed circuit breaker Fixed contactor Fluid ounce (UK) Fluid ounce (US) Flux Foot Foot of water Foot per second squared Force Forces Forces between conductors Frequency

B

Bending 28 Block 10 Breaking current 48-50-51-52-75 British thermal unit 69 British thermal unit per (pound.degree Fahrenheit) 69 British thermal unit per cubic foot.degree Fahrenheit 69 British thermal unit per hour 69 British thermal unit per pound 69 British thermal unit per second 69 British thermal unit per square foot.hour 69 Busbars 15-21-28 Busducting 27-29-37

C

Cables Cable-charging Calculating a force Calculation Calorie capacity Calory power Capacitor bank Capacity Celsius Circuit breaker Closing Closing capacity Closing-opening Comparison Compartmented Concentration Condensation Conditions Conductance Conductivity Construction Coordination Cross section Cubic foot Cubic inch Cubicles Current Current transformer 15 51 27 15-17-21 69 69 51-52 68 68 45-48 52 74 47 72 10 67 38 52 68 68 78 53-77 21 69 69 10 8-67-68 54-55 69 69 67 64-65-78 38 38-39-40 59-60 60 9 9

Merlin Gerin MV design guide

G

Gallon (UK) Gallon (US) Generators

H

Heat capacity Humidity

I

IK code Impedance method Impulse testing Inch Inch of water Inductance Induction Insulation level Intrinsic resonance frequency Ionization threshold IP code

K

Knot

L

Length Level of pollution Lightning impulse Linear mass Line-charging Load Low inductive currents Luminous

D

Degree Fahrenheit Degree Rankine Density Derating Dielectric strength Dielectric withstand Differential Differential transformer Disconnector Disconnector switch

Schneider Electric

M

Magnetic field Magnetisation Magnitudes Making current Mass Mass per surface area Mass per volume

83

Index

Alphabetical Index

Denomination

pages 67 21 53-78 28 9 10 67 69 39 29-37 28-29-37 68 29-69 16 68 51-52 15 69 8 55 6-21 69 56 15 72 6 50 9-46-74 9 67 48 67 46-73 28 68 63 63-67 39 39-63 67 38-40 68 69 69 69 69 69 69 69 69 69 69 69 69 69 69 69 14-68 67 38-68-69 69 55 61 41-43 68

Merlin Gerin MV design guide

R

Radiation factor Rated current Rated frequency Rated insulation level Rated short circuit Rated values Rated voltage Ratio error Reactive power Resistance Resistivity Resonance Resultant strain 68 8-21-24-46-73 75 46-72 46-74 77 6-7-21-45-47-54-72-74 63 68 68 68 29-37 28 57 38-39 11-21 26 9-19 67 67 69 69 71 14 68 27-29 67-69 9 47-75 67 16 38-52-69-79 22-23 56-68 69 21 69 63 56 24 67-68 67-68 17 67 63 13-14-15 49 67 67 29-37 68-69 6-49-62-68 61 67-69 67 68 67 68 9 9 68 69

M

Materials Mechanical effects Mechanical endurance Mechanical withstand of busbars Metal enclosure Metal-clad Metre Mile (UK) Minimum distances Modulous of elasticity Modulous of inertia Moment of a force Moment of inertia Motors Movement Multi-stage

S

Safety factor Shape of parts Short circuit power Short time withstand current Short-circuit current Solid angle Speed Square foot Square inch Standards States Strain Supports Surface area Switch Switching sequence Symbols Synchronous compensators

N

Network

O

Oersted Operating current Operating current Operating voltage Ounce Over-current factor Overhead lines Overview Overvoltages

P

Peak Peak value Peak value of admissible current Period Periodic component Periodic phenomena Permissible short time withstand current Permissible strain Permittivity Phase error Phase shift Phase to earth Phase to phase Plane angle Pollution Potential Pound Pound force per square foot Pound force per square inch Pound force-foot Pound force-inch Pound force-second per square foot Pound per cubic foot Pound per cubic inch Pound per foot Pound per foot-second Pound per inch Pound per square foot Pound per square inch Pound square foot Pound-force Power Power level Pressure Pressure-strain Primary current Primary voltage Protection index

T

Temperature Temperature rise Thermal Thermal conductivity Thermal effects Thermal flux Thermal power Thermal short circuit current Thermal withstand Thermodynamic Thermodynamic temperature Three phase calculation example Time Transformation ratio Transformers Transient

U

Units Units of measurement

V

Vibration Viscosity Voltage Voltage transformer Volume Volume per mass Volume per mass

W

Wave lengths Weight Withdrawable circuit breaker Withdrawable contactor Work

Y

Yard

Q

Quantity

84

Schneider Electric

ART 86206

Published by: Schneider Electric Industries SA Creation, layout by: HeadLines Printed by:

03/2000

AMTED300014EN

Postal address F-38050 Grenoble cedex 9 Tel.: +33 (0)4 76 57 60 60 Telex: merge 320842 F http://www.schneider-electric.com

The technical data given in this guide are given for information purposes only. For this reason, Schneider Electric Industries SA is in no way liable for any omission or error contained in its pages.

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