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Conference on Telecommunication May 4-5, 2009

Visible Light Communication for Advanced Driver Assistant Systems

Navin Kumar Luis Nero Alves Rui L. Aguiar
© 2005, it - instituto de telecomunicações. Todos os direitos reservados.

Visible Light Communication for Advanced Driver Assistant Systems Introduction
Visible Light Communication Advanced Driver Assistant Systems

Traffic System Set-Up

General System Architecture Simple Traffic Set-UP (LOS case ) Design Parameters and Results Conclusion

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Introduction Visible Light Communication (VLC) VLC is a novel kind of Optical Wireless Communication, using white and coloured Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). In fact, Optical Wireless –
Infrared Communication (Laser) Visible Light Communication

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Motivation & Importance
VLC Motivation – Dual characteristics of LEDs – Lighting – (Next Generation of Lighting) Switching - (High Rate) VLC can be Ubiquitous: Possibly, we can make light to be present anywhere, so information can be transmitted anywhere. Useful in hospitals, aeroplanes where use of Radio wave is restricted. Can be achieved at lower cost.

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Many important and interesting applications – Indoor – Information transmission within rooms, houses Integration with power line, etc. Outdoor – Intelligent Transport System Download advertisement or any such information from E-signboard.

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Application - Intelligent Transport System
Related to Traffic Safety – Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) Use of LEDs for Traffic Light (many advantages; saving approx. 80% of energy) Simultaneous transmission of traffic information to approaching vehicles equipped with VLC receiver (Photo detector)
Also possible, car-to-car communication

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VIDAS* – VIsible light communication for advanced Driver Assistance System
An application of VLC in outdoor environment (traffic safety) Ex. – A Simple Traffic System Set-UP

* FCT project VIDAS – PDTC/EEA-TEL/75217/2006
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System Architecture
VLC Transceiver System – (Shown a full duplex system – but in VIDAS we are investigating communication from Traffic Light to Vehicle(s) equipped with detector. Transmitter – Biggest Problem Area Receiver – Ambient noise sources Channel -

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VIDAS – A Simple Traffic System Set-UP (LOS Case)

h Height of the traffic light (m) Distance between emitter and receiver (m) Distance in first lane direction (m) Service area Half-power semiangle Angle of Irradiance Vertical Receiver Inclination of d x [Umax,Umin] hpa = 15º φ 0≤Ѳ≤90º 0º≤FOVc≤90º σ

Field of View of receiver Angle of incidence

- Average speed of vehicle – (v=50Km/h) - Packet size – 100Kb - Service Area Umin to Umax (100m) - Transmission rate - (Rb = 1Mbps)

* FCT project VIDAS – PDTC/EEA-TEL/75217/2006
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Optimizing Design Parameters
Design parameters such as –
The height (h) of the traffic light – At what height traffic light should be placed above the ground ? Range of traffic information transmission or to achieve a defined range - what should be transmitted power ? What should be the orientation of detector ? What should be the orientation of emitter, etc.? These parameters will help us to simplify the design of front-end and optimize the system performance.

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Design parameters and system performance
Gain variation over distance – One of the important design criteria for Front-end receiver is variation of the gain over distance. LOS case received signal  mπ  − −  cos  − tan 1(x/ h) −φcostan 1(x/ h) −θ (m+1)  2   Hnφ,θ, x, h) = (  2 2π h + x2   


 )     

‘m’ is the mode number of the radiation lobe, which specifies the directivity of the emitter and is given by the hpa: − ln 2
m= ln(cos(hpa))

Gain variation over the distance for different values of h and optimized Ѳ

Though the measured gain variation over the distance is not large (<20dB) but considering the noise level during day and night and different time of the day, the noise variation is very large. The front end receiver has to adapt these changes.

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Design Parameters .....

Alternatively, it can also be said that the designed receivers should be capable of receiving different packet sizes over the distance.

Service área vs gain for different values of traffic height ‘h’

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Design Parameters ….
The receiver is also characterized by its Field of View (FOV) which specifies a value for selected height of traffic light and distance of information transmission.
70 h=5m h=6m h=7m h=8m 60

50 FO (degree) Vc








40 X (m)




Critical values of FOV for different ‘h’ over distance

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Results Our results suggest (the optimized parameters)Receiver orientation (angle θ) - 81.4º Emitter orientation (angle ø) – 8.6º Another interesting parameter to discuss is hpa which decides the mode number of radiation lobe in turn the directivity of emitter. It can be seen that the smaller the hpa the higher the value of ‘m’. A value of 15º of hpa corresponds to m=20 which is selected as a compromised value in our design. It is also to be noted that most common available LEDs have hpa between 15º-45º.

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Simple LOS model of Traffic System Set-UP for VLC has been analysed and discussed. The approach is based on the gain variation over distance for designing a front- end amplifier As the VLC applications in outdoor especially in traffic light is at very early stage, the important recommendations will prove to be useful for manufacturers and city administrator responsible for installing the traffic lights. Although some of the design challenges have been simplified in this paper, a number of complex issues remain. It is expected that our continuous efforts will bring suitable solutions to this technology.

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Thanks ?

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