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Implications of Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh into Telangana and Seemandhra

July 29, 2013 at 4:10pm

Bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh is a very good thing for the people of Andhra and Rayalaseema. However, it is a very bad thing for the people of Telangana. I do not know how much you already know about the history of AP, but I will try to give you some background before we jump into the main part of the answer. History: The map below shows the provinces in south India post independence. The blue part was actually a part of the Madras Presidency during the British rule and the yellow parts which seem to be split by red and blue lines together constituted the Nizam state. Nizam's kingdom was divided into 3 parts as shown and the Telugu speaking part was merged with the Telugu speaking part of the Madras Presidency to form the present day state of Andhra Pradesh. This was followed by the formation of Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Gujarat, etc. Now why did the whole thing even happen?

who felt that the Telugu people in the Madras presidency were not getting their fair share and started a satyagrahademanding a separate state for the Telugu people. Nehru initially opposed this struggle and Potti Sriramulu died as a result of Nehru's negligence. What were the disparities? .Ancient Map of South India. There was a freedom fighter called Potti Sreeramulu. The Telugu people were enraged and Nehru was eventually forced to create a new Telugu state. Depicting the original Division Remember that the blue part in AP is seemandhra (Rayalaseema+ Coastal Andhra) and the yellow part is Telangana. kicking the Nizam out. Nehru thought he could do some clever social engineering by giving the Telugu speakers of the Nizam's kingdom a new language-based identity. Now.which is the root cause of today's problem. He did not care about the disparities between the people of Telangana and Seemandhra. Remember how Patel forced the Nizam to merge his kingdom into the Indian Union? After. what followed was Nehru's failed social engineering.

The spike in Hyderabad was during Naidu's rule. During all these years. Development in Andhra Pradesh . The next step was to build a capital.simply because it was the single largest party in the state without a strong opposition. Nehru convinced them that Hyderabad would be a better location because it had all the infrastructure left behind by the Nizam. there was also a Telangana agitation in the meanwhile.The modern state of Andhra Pradesh was formed and was ruled by successive Congress governments. the Congress party was able to suppress these movements in both the regions. and there was also a separate Jai Andhra movement during Indira Gandhi's prime ministership. Then came Chandra Babu Naidu. Now. People of Seemandhra proposed Kurnool as the capital for the new state. However. His bigger fear was that the forcibly annexed state of Hyderabad might someday leave the Indian Union to join Pakistan.from post-independence to the late 1980's Andhra Pradesh (Telangana in specific) was a social-economic basket case. while Seemandhra was ruled by the British and had a long colonial past (similar to Tamil Nadu). This was how Hyderabad was transformed from a backward. However.Telangana had a feudal history with Islamic rule for over hundreds of years (similar to Delhi).until N T Rama Rao started the Telugu Desam Party on the basis of Telugu pride and self-rule. I won't write much about him because most people know his achievements very well and I will leave you with a graph belowthat speaks volumes. He transformed Andhra Pradesh in to what it is today: from a basket case into a top 5 state. Nehru did not care. lawless city in to a modern metropolis. However.

She believes that. Meanwhile. So she has instead decided to divide and rule the half would be merged with Telangana and the other half would be merged with Seemandhra. The state of AP sends a strong contingent (~35) of Congress MPs to Lok Sabha. However. the mass media (like Telugu movies and Television) have always used the Coastal Andhra dialect. So they caved in and announced in December 2009 that they are willing to form a separate state of Telangana. Now the story moves to New Delhi. People of Telangana always felt that their dialect was being considered inferior by the speakers of the other dialects.if they can form the state of Telangana before 2014.Now... a man named KCR tried to advance his political career by bringing back the separate Telangana movement and starting his own party. Jagan Reddy or Chandra Babu Naidu in the Seemandhra region. They have created a plan that would split the four districts of Rayalaseema into two. KCR successfully found a new reason to exploit to his political gain. etc. while Telangana people were free riders. This is the election year and Sonia is worried that the Congress might be decimated in AP during the 2014 elections. People of Seemandhra always felt that it was their investments and human capital that created all the wealth in and around Hyderabad. Later an expert panel called the Sri Krishna commission set up by the central government proved his argument wrong. Owaisi. Take a look at the social composition of Andhra Pradesh. were neglected because all the investment was flowing in to Hyderabad for far too long. Since 2009. There are three major regional dialects of Telugu. Vijayawada.. Here is the link to their report:http://pib. The idea here is to create a huge Muslim minority. this is the real contentious issue. The Seemandhra people were also worried about the sharing of Krishna and Godavari river waters with Telangana (besides Maharashtra and Karnataka). work out a plan to socially re-engineer Andhra Pradesh all over again. . Hyderabad by the end of 2005 was like a huge black hole that gobbled up all the foreign direct investment in the state. Also. They have always been very upset that many of the coastal cities like Vishakhapatnam. she is clueless about Seemandhra. which would ensure that the congress party has a secure vote base and political future in the new state. they would at least get 17-18 MPs from the newly formed state. They want to rename the new Telangana state as the 'Hyderabad state'just like the Nizam times! This will be a very dangerous thing for India in the long run. Tirupati.until the last month when they finally woke up to the election reality. Here comes Mr. KCR picked up another cause: Self-respect of the Telangana people. His initial argument was that people from Seemandhra have stolen all the fruits of development from the people of Telangana. the Congress party did not do anything about separate Telangana.. Remember this hate-monger from Hyderabad? This guy has collaborated with the Kashmiri Congress leader Ghulam Nabi Azad. He claimed that the Telangana culture and dialect were being considered inferior by the people of seemandhra and the only way the Telangana people could get back their self-respect is by demanding a separate state.each spoken by the people of Telangana. Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema. He started a This is where things get very sensitive. She is worried that she would lose to KCR in the Telangana region.which really scared the hell out of Sonia Gandhi and Chidambaram in 2009 (Remember the Potti Sriramulu incident?). Now that his argument was proved wrong.

Refer to the last bar in the graph it would have less than 5% Muslim population. Satyam. and backward classes. Look at the social mix from the 6th bar in the graph above. Redbus.Social Engineering in Andhra Now why would Telangana lose out and how would Seemandhra gain from the division? 1. Reddy's. GVK. i. and the . 2. media conglomerates.Telangana would have a huge minority population. Think GMR. However. LANCO. Note that the Muslims in Telangana are Urdu speaking. Telangana would fall prey to the vote-bank and socialist economic policies of the Congress party due to the presence of a large number of minorities. Dr. the opposite of this would happen in the state of Seemandhra.which is like Congress party's dream come true. The high castes from Seemandhra were the entrepreneurial classes who have been creating a lot of wealth over the last few decades (including Hyderabad). Compare the percentage of high-castes in Telangana vs Seemandhra. whereas the Muslims from Seemandhra are Telugu speaking and are very well assimilated into the society.e 6th Bar Vs the last bar in the graph above.

There will be demands for Vidharbha. The opposite is true for Vishakapatnam and Vijayawada. 2. 6. Seemandhra would have an infrastructure surplus. How would the people of Telangana reconcile with their identity issues once the division is over? Is there a real leader who could make this process smooth and rebuild their identity? What kind of Telugu would be taught in Telangana schools? Would you eliminate Andhra poets from your reading list? How would the Telangana people be able to assert their rights over the Telugu language and its 4000 years of literature. KCR has promised government jobs to all these people. coastline. The first wave of wealth creation in Hyderabad is over and this can be inferred from all the economic indicators. Bodo Land. but my prediction is that Telangana will be in a state of deep identity crisis for a long time to come and this will be their biggest handicap. The Telangana movement was very successful because of the involvement of the students. Economic barriers between the newly formed states of Telangana and Seemandhra would impact the market forces and the overall trade in the region. The division is not only being made on the premise of under-development but also on the basis of self-respect and Culture. they would still have the access to the private sector jobs in Hyderabad. This is similar to what happened during India-Pakistan partition. whole of Tollywood. This will impact their economy over the long run. Hyderabad would no longer be the cash cow. etc. Telangana would lose out on these capitalist classes and their entrepreneurial spirits..3. golden quadrilateral and major railway freight corridors. On the contrary. a great amount of job creation would happen in Seemandhra because they would need brand new infrastructure and need to build their new capital. Identity politics and the loss of cultural capital all over again. After all. Seemandhra would be a power-surplus state while Telangana would be a power deficit state. would they be disrespected and ridiculed? Will the new Seemandhra state successfully hijack the Telugu identity once and for all? Will Seemandhra emerge as a strong language based state like TN? All these questions have no concrete answers. Saurashtra. On the other hand. while Telangana would become a landlocked state by losing out on major ports.close to 31% of the population. . The Seemandhra region might lose out on water-sharing etc. 4. Purvanchal and many others. but the merits clearly outweigh the demerits. when most of it was produced by Seemandhra people? Will the Telangana media immediately switch to the Telangana dialect? Will there be Telangana movies? If yes. They are yet to begin their first wave of economic growth. Seemandhra would have a huge amount of these entrepreneurial classes. Now how would all this affect the nation? 1. Now the real question is how would he create all those government jobs? On the other hand. The Pandora's box of state division would be opened once again. This is the worst time to separate this city from its capitalists and entrepreneurs. 4000 years of identity cannot be divided as easily as a piece of land. 5. the elites in Telangana have always been feudal but never entrepreneurial and these are the capitalists the state of Telangana would be left with. Besides. Gorkha land. It would also lose its share of revenues from the KG gas basin. Tulu Nadu.

and assume they were forced to coexist. That was exactly how Andhra Pradesh operated. 4. Communal forces would increase in Hyderabad and the Maoist activity would grow manifold in the forest areas of Telangana.3. and the people there will finally be able to unleash their true potential. They make it seem like the division is Telangana's gain. while it is actually Seemandhra's.Imagine a state where one half of it was like Gujarat and the other half was like Chattisgarh.This is how I look at it. What is being reported in the national media is a very superficial analysis of what is really happening. the Seemandhra region will be unchained. There is no concrete proof for this but this has been the trend in the states like Chattisgarh. This is clearly a case of the congress party exploiting sub-regionalism in order to reap political benefits from it.which actually shares the Maoist affected forest area with Telangana. If things go through as most of us expect. . Its pure social engineering at work. you have another Gujarat in the making. Here is why. Now that Telangana has voluntarily chosen to break away. This is nothing but a mockery of the Indian democracy. thanks to Nehru's disastrous social engineering.