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Self Contained Breathing Apparatus Training and Refresher

Fire/EMS Training Academy

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Revision 2009

Course Objective
• Given the SCBA Training and Refresher Course, the student will be able to:
– Describe the training requirements for SCBA in General Order 08-17 – Identify the different parts of the SCBA
• Scott AV-3000 Facepiece • Scott E-Z FLO Regulator • Scott Pack

– Describe how to inspect the Scott Pak SCBA and AV-3000 Facepiece – Describe the operation the Scott Pak SCBA – Describe the emergency procedures for the SCBA – Demonstrate don and doffing of the PPE and SCBA
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Overview
General Order on Respiratory Protection Program AV-3000 Facepiece E-Z FLO Regulator Pack Components Inspection of the SCBA and Facepiece Operating the SCBA Emergency Procedures Donning and Doffing the SCBA
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General Order Division 08: Health and Safety Chapter 17: Respiratory Protection Program 4 .

• Demonstration of proficiency.General Order 08-17 • Training Policy – The initial qualification process to use a respirator. requires: • Medical evaluation that includes the an OSHA Respiratory Medical Evaluation Questionnaire. • Fit testing. including SCBA. 5 . • Training.

seal checking.134. and storage procedures. maintenance. – Inspection. – Capabilities and limitations of the respirator.General Order 08-17 • The initial training shall ensure that the member is thoroughly familiar with the respirator and has experience in using it in a nonhazardous environment. – Emergency procedures. – Recognition of medical signs and symptoms that may limit or prevent effective use of the respirator. including situations that involve malfunction of the respirator. The initial training shall address: – Why the respirator is necessary and how improper fit. use. and normal use of the respirator. or maintenance can compromise its protection. 6 . donning. Respiratory Protection. – The general requirements of 29 CFR 1910. doffing.

– Donning the respirator. – Doffing. and maintenance. 7 .General Order 08-17 • Each member shall demonstrate proficiency in the proper procedures for: – User inspection of the respirator. – Emergency procedures. including the seal check. – Confident use of the respirator. cleaning.

• Annual medical clearance utilizing an OSHA Respiratory Medical Evaluation Questionnaire.General Order 08-17 • Training Policy – Members must qualify annually to use respirators. 8 . Qualification requires: • Annual refresher training within 60 days of scheduled fit testing. • Demonstration of proficiency. • Fit testing.

AV-3000 Facepiece 9 .

AV-3000 Facepiece • • • • • Voice Emitter Nose Cone Regulator Adapter Port Head Harness Head Straps 10 .

AV-3000 Facepiece Head Harness Head Straps Nose Cone Voice Emitter Head Straps Regulator Adapter Port 11 .

E-Z FLO Regulator 12 .

E-Z FLO Regulator • Parts – – – – – Air Saver Switch or Don/Doff Switch Purge Valve Regulator Quick Disconnect Face Piece Lock Tab Mechanism Heads Up Display (HUD) 13 .

E-Z FLO Regulator Purge Valve Heads Up Display (HUD) Face Piece Lock Tab Mechanism Regulator Quick Disconnect with HUD Connector 14 Air Saver Switch or the Don/Doff Switch .

E-Z FLO Regulator Viberalert Alarm Alarms at 1125 psi or 25% of air left in the cylinder 15 .

E-Z FLO Regulator • Heads Up Display » Full Bottle » ¾ Bottle » ½ Bottle – Yellow Light Flashing Slowly » ¼ bottle – Red Light Flashing Rapidly » Low Battery for Heads Up Display 16 .

Pack Components 17 .

Pack Components • • • • • • • • Harness Remote Gauge PASS Device RIC Universal Air Connection Quick Disconnect Emergency Breathing Support System Pressure Reducer High and Low Pressure Supply Lines 18 .

Pack Components Shoulder Strap Cylinder Larch SCBA Harness Waist Strap PASS Sensor Module and Batteries 19 .

Pack Components Low Pressure Supple Line Pressure Reducer High Pressure Supple Line RIC Universal Air Connection Remote Gauge 20 .

Pack Components • Emergency Breathing Support System EBSS airline Hold Down Strap Dust Cap Quick Disconnect 21 .

– The quick disconnect on the EBSS does not have a Heads Up Display connector. the Life-Link permits two users to share a common air supply in emergencies. 22 . Life-Link features a tactile-feel.Pack Components • Emergency Breathing Support System – Emergency breathing support system (EBSS). quick-connect coupling on the regulator supply line.

23 .Pack Components • RIC Universal Air Connection (UAC) – The RIC/UAC allows air to be supplied to a down or trapped firefighter by either a Scott RIT-PAK™II or another compressed air source.

Pack Components Personal Alert Safety System (PASS) Pressure Gauge Manual Alarm Button Activator Button Pass Manual Reset Button 24 Warning Light .

Pack Components Pressure Gauge Open & Close Valve 25 .

Pack Components • Pressure Gauge – Should Be less than a 100 PSI difference between the two gauges 26 .

Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece 27 .

Unit must be cleaned.Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece • • • • SCBA must be properly serviced and prepared for the next use each time it is used. 28 . inspected. Face piece and regulator must be sanitized according to the manufacturer’s instructions. and checked for proper operation. Air cylinder must be changed or refilled.

• The daily inspection procedure should be used when restoring a unit to service after it has been used. 29 .Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece • It is the user’s responsibility to ensure that the SCBA is in ready condition before it is returned to the fire apparatus.

30 .Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece • If an SCBA inspection reveals any problems that cannot be remedied by routine maintenance. the SCBA must be removed from service for repair. • Only properly trained and certified personnel are authorized to repair SCBA.

31 .Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece • Daily Inspection – Each SCBA unit should be inspected daily or at the beginning of each shift.

32 Step 2: Check air-cylinder pressure.Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece Skill Drill Daily SCBA Inspection Step 1: Check backback and harness straps. Turn on the aircylinder valve and check gauge pressure. .

33 Step 4: Activate integrated PASS device. if present.Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece Step 3: Check condition of all hoses while pressurized. .

Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece Step 5: Check the face piece. Step 6: Connect the regulator to the face piece and take test breaths. 34 .

Close bypass valve and restore unit to a ready condition.Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece Step 7: Close the cylinder valve and open the emergency by-pass valve to bleed the pressure. . 35 Step 8: Check function and activation pressure of low-air alarm.

Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece Skill Drill Replacing an SCBA Cylinder Step 1: Place the SCBA on the floor or a bench. Step 2: Turn off the cylinder valve. 36 .

Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece Step 3: Open the by-pass valve to bleed off pressure. . 37 Step 4: Disconnect the high-pressure supply hose.

Align the outlet to the supply hose.Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece Step 5: Release the cylinder from the backpack. Lock the cylinder in place. 38 Step 6: Slide a full cylinder into the backpack. .

Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

Step 7: Check that the “O” ring is present and in good shape.
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Step 8: Connect the highpressure hose to the air cylinder.

Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

Step 9: Open the cylinder valve. Check gauge reading.

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Operating the SCBA

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Operating the SCBA • Connecting the regulator to the pack – Parts • Female quick disconnect with Heads Up Display connector • Male quick disconnect with Heads Up Display connector Female HUD Quick Connector Disconnect From Regulator HUD Connector Male Quick Disconnect From SCBA Pack 42 .

Operating the SCBA • Connecting the regulator to the pack – Line up both the female quick disconnect (from the SCBA pack) to the male adapter (from the regulator) and the Heads Up Display connector. 43 .

Operating the SCBA • Disconnecting the regulator from the pack – Push both quick disconnects and hold – Push the quick disconnect sleeve back to release the connectors 44 .

45 .Operating the SCBA • Turning on the air supply – Fully open the main cylinder valve.

Donning and Doffing the PPE and SCBA 46 .

.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Skill Drill Donning Personal Protective Clothing Step 1: Place your equipment in a logical order for donning. 47 Step 2: Place your protective hood over your head and down around your neck.

Place the suspenders over your shoulders and secure the front of the pants. . 48 Step 4: Put on your turnout coat and close the front of the coat.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 3: Put on boots and pull up bunker pants.

Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 5: Place your helmet on your head and adjust the chin strap securely. 49 . Turn up your coat collar and secure it in front. Step 6: Put on your gloves.

Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 7: If there are two people present. 50 . check each other’s clothing.

Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Skill Drill Donning SCBA from a Seat-Mounted Bracket Step 1: Don full PPE ensemble prior to mounting the fire apparatus. Safely mount the apparatus and sit in the seat. placing arms through SCBA shoulder straps. 51 .

Partially tighten the shoulder straps.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 2: Fasten your seat belt. 52 . release the seat belt and release the SCBA from its brackets. When the apparatus stops. Exit the apparatus.

Step 4: Adjust shoulder straps until they are tight. 53 .Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 3: Attach waist belt and cinch down.

Don face piece and check for leaks.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 5: Open the main cylinder valve. Step 6: Loosen or remove helmet and pull hood back. 54 . Replace protective hood and helmet and secure chin strap.

Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 7: If necessary. connect regulator to face piece. 55 . Step 8: Activate air flow and PASS alarm.

Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Skill Drill Donning SCBA Using the Over-the-Head Method Step 1: Open the case and lay out the SCBA with the cylinder valve away from you and the shoulder straps out to the sides. . 56 Step 2: Fully open the main cylinder valve.

so the waist straps are pointed to the ground. lift the SCBA over your head.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 3: Bend down and grasp the SCBA backplate with both hands. 57 . Rotate the SCBA 180 . Using your legs.

58 .Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 4: Slide the SCBA down your back while your arms slide into the shoulder straps. Tighten the shoulder straps and secure the waist belt.

Don your face piece and check for an adequate seal.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 5: Remove your helmet and pull the hood back. Pull your protective hood into position. and secure the chin strap. 59 . replace your helmet.

Activate the airflow and PASS alarm. connect the regulator to the face piece. 60 .Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 6: If necessary.

Fully open the main cylinder valve. Place your dominant hand on the opposite shoulder strap.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Skill Drill Donning SCBA Using the Coat Method Step 1: Open the case and lay out the SCBA with the cylinder valve away from you and the shoulder straps out to the sides. 61 .

Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 2: Lift the SCBA and swing it over your dominant shoulder. 62 Step 3: Slide your other hand between the SCBA cylinder and the corresponding shoulder strap. .

Step 5: Attach the waist belt and adjust tightness.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 4: Tighten the shoulder straps. 63 .

64 .Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 6: Remove your helmet and pull your hood back. Don the face piece and check for an adequate seal.

and secure the chin strap. If necessary. 65 .Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 7: Pull the hood into position. connect the regulator to the face piece. replace the helmet. Activate the airflow and PASS alarm.

66 Step 2: Place your chin in the chin pocket.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Skill Drill Donning a Face Piece Step 1: Fully extend the straps on the face piece. .

. bringing the straps or webbing over your head.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 3: Fit the face piece to your face. 67 Step 4: Tighten the lowest two straps.

Step 6: Check for a proper seal.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 5: If there are more straps. 68 . tighten the top straps last.

69 Step 8: Install the regulator on your face piece or attach the low-pressure air supply hose to the regulator. . Don your helmet and secure the chin strap.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 7: Pull your protective hood up so it covers all bare skin.

Remove the regulator from the face piece or disconnect the low-pressure hose from the regulator.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Skill Drill Doffing SCBA Step 1: Use caution! Your regulator. If your equipment is warm or hot. SCBA Pack and facepiece can be hot. If you remove your gloves. helmet. do not remove your structural firefighting gloves to remove your equipment. you could get burned. 70 .

Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 2: Remove your helmet and pull the protective hood down around your neck. . 71 Step 3: Loosen the face piece straps.

Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 4: Remove your face piece. Step 5: Release your waist belt. 72 .

Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 6: Loosen the shoulder straps and remove the SCBA. . 73 Step 7: Shut off the aircylinder valve.

. 74 Step 9: Place the SCBA in a safe location.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 8: Bleed the air pressure from the regulator.

. 75 Step 2: Open the collar of your turnout coat.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Skill Drill Doffing Personal Protective Clothing Step 1: Remove your gloves.

. 76 Step 4: Remove your turnout coat.Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 3: Release the helmet chin strap and remove your helmet.

Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA Step 5: Remove your protective hood. 77 . Step 6: Remove your bunker pants and boots.

Emergency Procedures 78 .

• Addressing situations – – – – – – Regulator Failure Facepiece Failure Out of Air How to Air Conservation How to use the EBSS How to activate the PASS 79 . call “Mayday” over the radio and follow the Mayday Procedures.Emergency Procedures • If at anytime you have a problem with the operation of your SCBA.

80 .Emergency Procedures • Regulator Failure – Occurs when the regulator will not deliver air to the facepiece during normal operations.

Purge Valve 81 .Emergency Procedures • Regulator Failure – Procedure for using the Purge Valve • Call “Mayday” and follow the Mayday Procedures. • Slowly open and close the purge valve to allow air flow to the facepiece.

during operations that allows continuous airflow out of the mask. where you loose the seal. – This will waste the air in your SCBA.Emergency Procedures • Facepiece Failure – This can occur when the facepiece cracks or breaks. 82 .

use the Purge Valve.Emergency Procedures • Facepiece Failure – Procedure for Facepiece Failure • Call “Mayday” and follow the Mayday Procedures. 83 . • Attempt to cover the possible crack or break in the facepiece. • If needed. • Reset the Air Saver Switch or the Don/Doff Switch to stop the air rushing out of the mask.

You still have 2 to 5 minutes of air left.Emergency Procedures • Out of Air – Your first indication of low air is your Viberalert Alarm. It alarms at 1125 psi or 25% of air left in the cylinder. Do Not Panic! Never Rip Your Facepiece Off! 84 .

Use buddy breath connection (EBSS) with your partner and get out. you have two options. 2. • If you run out of air.Emergency Procedures • Out of Air – Procedure for Out of Air • Call “Mayday” and follow the Mayday Procedures. 1. Just Pull the mask slightly off your face to relieve the collapsing face piece and get out! » Get as low to the ground as possible so you can breath and the hood that is surrounding the face piece will filter the smoke that you breath in. 85 .

86 . When you use about 75% (1/4 tank or about 1125 psi) of your air supply. your regulator will start vibrating to notify you your air supply is getting low.Emergency Procedures • Conserving Air – During emergency operations. – When this happens. you will be using the air in your SCBA. you will need to start evacuating yourself/team out of the area.

• Take a deep breath of air and hold your breath for 5 seconds. 87 . • Slowly open and close the purge valve to allow air flow to the facepiece. Repeat the process until you are out of the building/IDLH environment.Emergency Procedures • Conserving Air – Procedures • Reset the Air Saver Switch or the Don/Doff Switch • Call “Mayday” and follow the Mayday Procedures.

It is located next to the remote gauge/PASS device. 88 . – If you are working during an incident and you find a firefighter down and the SCBA is empty.Emergency Procedures • Emergency Breathing Support System (EBSS) – SCBA’s are equipped with the EBSS. It basically allows two people to use the air off of one pack at the same time for emergency evacuation purposes only. you can quickly connect their regulator to your SCBA.

• Unsnap the EBSS airline Hold Down Strap and remove the dust cap. 89 .Emergency Procedures – Procedure for Using the EBSS • Both fire fighters shall be in close proximity.

The HUD will not work on the 2nd fire fighter.Emergency Procedures – Procedure for Using the EBSS • Disconnect the lowpressure regulator hose at the quick-connect of the empty pack and quickly re-connect it to the pack with air. it does not have a HUD connector on the EBSS line. 90 .

there is only a few feet of hose.Emergency Procedures – Procedure for Using the EBSS • Coordinate movements. 91 . as you evacuate yourselves from the building/IDLH environment.

Emergency Procedures • Personal Alert Safety System (PASS) – An electronic device that sounds a loud audible signal if a fire fighter is motionless for a set time period or if activated manually by the fire fighter. – Located with the remote gauge Motionless for 20 sec pre-alarm Motionless for 30 sec full alarm 92 .

Emergency Procedures Warning Light Green Light Normal Red Light Warning Manual Alarm Button 93 .

Review
General Order on Respiratory Protection AV-3000 Facepiece E-Z FLO Regulator Pack Components Inspection of the SCBA and Facepiece Operating the SCBA Emergency Procedures Donning and Doffing the SCBA
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Summary
• Given the SCBA Training and Refresher Course, the student will be able to:
– Describe the training requirements for SCBA in General Order 08-17 – Identify the different parts of the SCBA
• Scott AV-3000 Facepiece • Scott E-Z FLO Regulator • Scott Pack

– Describe how to inspect the Scott Pak SCBA and AV-3000 Facepiece – Describe the operation the Scott Pak SCBA – Describe the emergency procedures for the SCBA – Demonstrate don and doffing of the PPE and SCBA
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Practical Session
• Equipment needed:
– PPE – SCBA – AV-3000 Facepiece with Regualtor

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Practical Session • Demonstrate – Inspecting the SCBA – Donning PPE – Donning SCBA • From a Seat-Mounted Bracket • Using the Over-the-Head Method • Using the Coat Method – Donning a Facepiece – Activating your PASS 97 .