You are on page 1of 12

# pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 1

This print-out should have 22 questions.
Multiple-choice questions may continue on
the next column or page – ﬁnd all choices
001 0.0 points
A particle of mass 6.4 ×10
−27
kg and charge
2e is observed to have an instantaneous ac-
celeration of 1.1 ×10
12
m/s
2
. What is the
magnitude of the electric ﬁeld at the parti-
cle’s location? (e = 1.6 ×10
−19
C)
Correct answer: 22000 N/C.
Explanation:
Since the electric force is far greater than
the gravitational force, we neglect the latter.
This leaves us with the relation
|

F| = F = ma = qE ,
which produces the simple expression
E =
ma
q
=
6.4 ×10
−27
kg · 1.1 ×10
12
m/s
2
2e
= 22000 N/C
002 0.0 points
A hollow sphere of radius 2 cm has a charge
of −Q = −5 nC spread uniformly over its
surface. The center of the ball is at r
s
=
−5, 0, 0 cm. A point charge of charge q =
3.5 nC is located at r
p
= 8, 0, 0 cm. What is
the magnitude of the net electric ﬁeld at the
point A = (0, 4, 0),cm?
Correct answer: 13122.1 N/C.
Explanation:
Since we are considering a point outside the
radius of the sphere, we may treat the sphere
as a point charge of charge −5 nC. Let

E
s
be
the electric ﬁeld of the sphere and

E
p
be the
ﬁeld of the point charge. To obtain |

E| at A,
we must ﬁrst calculate

E =

E
s
+

E
p
. Let x
s
be the x-coordinate of the sphere, x
p
be the
x-coordinate of the point charge, and y be the
y-coordinate at A. Then

E
s
=
1

0
−Q
x
2
s
+ y
2
−x
s
, y, o
_
x
2
s
+ y
2
=
1

0
Q
(x
2
s
+ y
2
)
3/2
x
s
, −y, 0 .
Letting α = Q/(x
2
s
+ y
2
)
3/2
, this simpliﬁes to

E
s
=
α

0
x
s
, −y, 0 .
A similar calculation for

E
p
, letting β =
q/(x
2
p
+ y
2
)
3/2
yields

E
p
=
β

0
−x
p
, y, 0 .
Summing these, we obtain

E =

E
s
+

E
p
=
1

0
αx
s
−βx
p
, (β −α)y .
Recalling that |

E| =
_

E ·

E, we calculate
|

E| =
1

0
_
(αx
s
−βx
p
)
2
+ (β −α)
2
y
2
= 13122.1 N/C,
after some algebra.
003 0.0 points
A dipole is located at the origin and is
composed of charged particles with charge
+2e and −2e, separated by a distance s =
2 ×10
−10
m along the y-axis. The +2e charge
is on the +y axis. Calculate the force on a
proton at a location A = 0, 0, 3 × 10
−8
m
due to the dipole. (e = 1.6 ×10
−19
C)
1. 0, 3.41 ×10
−15
, 0 N
2. 0, 0, 6.82 ×10
−15
N
3. 0, 0, −3.41 ×10
−15
N
4. 0, −3.41 ×10
−15
, 0 N correct
5. 0, −6.82 ×10
−15
, 0 N
pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 2
6. 0, 6.82 ×10
−15
, 0 N
7. 0, 0, 3.41 ×10
−15
N
8. 0, 0, −6.82 ×10
−15
N
Explanation:
The electric ﬁeld of a dipole perpendicular
to its axis lies in the plane of the dipole and
points in direction opposite the dipole mo-
ment p; in this case, the −ˆ y direction. The
magnitude is given by
|

E

| =
1

0
|p|
r
3
since r s in this case. Plugging in the
numbers yields |

E

| = 2.13 × 10
4
N/C. Mul-
tiplying by e to obtain the force produces
−3.41 ×10
−15
.
004 0.0 points
A very thin spherical plastic shell of radius
R = 18 cm carries a uniformly distributed
negative charge of Q = −8 nC on its outer
surface. An uncharged solid metal block is
placed nearby. The block is w = 12 cm thick
and is 12 cm away from the surface of the
sphere. Calculate the magnitude of the elec-
tric ﬁeld at the exact center of the conductor
generated only by the polarization of the con-
ductor. In other words, do not include the
electric ﬁeld generated by the sphere.
Correct answer: 555.556 N/C.
Explanation:
The key to this problem is noting that the
net electric ﬁeld inside the conductor is 0 —
the charges in the conductor arrange them-
selves so that this is the case. Therefore, at
the center of the conductor, we must have

E
sphere
+

E
induced
= 0
and the magnitude of

E
induced
must be equal
to the magnitude of

E
sphere
. Noting that the
distance from the center of the sphere to the
center of the conductor is R+(3/2)w, we have
|

E
ind
| =
1

0
Q
_
R +
3
2
w
_
2
= 555.556 N/C
005 0.0 points
Two small, negatively charged plastic
spheres are placed near a neutral iron block
as shown above. Which arrow best indicates
the the direction of the net electric ﬁeld at
location A?
1. f correct
2. j
3. g
4. h
5. e
6. c
7. d
8. b
pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 3
9. a
Explanation:
Looking at the ﬁgure, we can see that the
ﬁelds from the charged spheres will cancel.
However, the negatively charged spheres will
polarize the iron block, causing a buildup
of positive charge near the lower left corner.
From the symmetry of the situation (i.e. A
lies on the diagonal drawn through the square
block), the e-ﬁelds of the positive charges oﬀ
the diagonal axis will cancel, leaving only the
superposition of the components along the
diagonal in the direction of f.
006 0.0 points
The electric ﬁeld at a location C points north
and has a magnitude of 5 ×10
5
N/C. Where
should you place a proton and an electron
(charge |q| = 1.6×10
−19
C), at equal distances
from C, to produce this ﬁeld?
Correct answer: 7.58947 ×10
−8
m.
Explanation:
Since the proton and electron have equal
but opposite charge and we are told they are
at equal distances from C, it must be that
the electron is north of C while the proton is
south, both at the same distance r. Therefore
E =
1

0
_
e
r
2
ˆ
N +
−e
r
2
(−
ˆ
N)
_
=
2

0
e
r
2
ˆ
N
r =
_
e

0
E
= 7.58947 ×10
−8
m
007 0.0 points
Consider the algebraic analysis for the electric
ﬁeld of a uniformly charged ring, at a location
on the axis of the ring. The ring has radius
R and total charge Q. We need to divide the
ring into ”pieces” ∆Q. Which of the following
is the correct expression for ∆Q?
1.
Q
2πR
∆θ∆R
2.
Q
πR
2
∆θ
3.
Q
2πR
∆θ
4.
Q

∆θ correct
5. none of these
6.
Q

R∆θ
Explanation:
Following the usual procedure, we ﬁrst es-
tablish a charge distribution, which in this
case is λ = Q/2πR since the ring is a kind of
line charge. A small piece of the ring is given
by the arc length R∆θ, where ∆θ is the an-
gle subtending a small portion of the ring. To
get ∆Q we must multiply the length of our
”piece” by the charge density:
∆Q =
Q
2πR
R∆θ =
Q

∆θ .
008 0.0 points
Consider a thin plastic rod bent into a semi-
circular arc of radius R = 54 cm with a uni-
formly distributed charge of −Q = −30 nC.
Determine the the magnitude of the electric
ﬁeld at the origin generated by the rod.
Correct answer: 589.463 N/C.
Explanation:
The rod has a length πR, so we may de-
ﬁne a charge density λ = −Q/πR since the
charge is uniformly distributed. An inﬁnites-
imal length of rod is deﬁned by dl = Rdθ
where dθ subtends an inﬁnitesimal segment
of the rod. Therefore our inﬁnitesimal charge
pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 4
element is
dQ = λdl =
−Q
πR
Rdθ
=
−Q
π
dθ .
The electric ﬁeld magnitude dE due to this
dQ is given by the expression
dE =
1

0
dQ
R
2
=
1

0
−Q
πR
2
dθ ,
ignoring for the moment the vector properties
of dE.
Examining the geometry of the problem,
we observe that the components of the elec-
tric ﬁeld parallel to the y-axis will cancel since
the charge conﬁguration is symmetric about
the x-axis. Therefore, in calculating the mag-
nitude of E, we need only calculate E
x
. Let-
ting θ range from π/2 to 3π/2, E
x
= E cos θ.
Therefore our integral is
E =
_
3π/2
π/2
1

0
−Q
πR
2
cos θ dθ
=
1

0
−Q
πR
2
_
3π/2
π/2
cos θ dθ
=
1

0
−Q
πR
2
sin θ
¸
¸
¸
3π/2
π/2
= −2
1

0
−Q
πR
2
= 589.463 N/C.
009 0.0 points
Consider a square with side a. Four charges
−q, +q, +q, and −q are placed at the corners
A, B, C, and D, respectively

+
+
D
A
C
B
a
O
What is the magnitude of the electric ﬁeld
at the center O?
1. E
O
=

2
k q
a
2
2. E
O
=
1

2
k q
a
2
3. E
O
= 3

2
k q
a
2
4. E
O
= 4

2
k q
a
2
correct
5. E
O
=
1
3

2
k q
a
2
6. E
O
= 2

2
k q
a
2
7. E
O
= 3
k q
a
2
8. E
O
=
1
2

2
k q
a
2
9. E
O
=
k q
a
2
10. E
O
=
1
4

2
k q
a
2
Explanation:
The distance between each corner and the
center is
a

2
, so the magnitude of each electric
ﬁeld at D is
E = k
q
_
a

2
_
2
= 2 k
q
a
2
The two negative charges yield forces point-
ing away from them from O and the two posi-
tive charges yield forces pointing toward them
from O with the collinear charges adding al-
gebraically:

E
A
+

E
C
=

E
B
+

E
D
= 2 E = 4 k
q
a
2
.
E
E
A
+ E
C
E
B
+ E
D
pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 5
The Cartesian components of the two vec-
tors with the origin at O are

E
A
+

E
B
= 4 k
q
a
2
_

1

2
ˆı +
1

2
ˆ
_
and

E
B
+

E
D
= 4 k
q
a
2
_

1

2
ˆı −
1

2
ˆ
_
, so

E = 4 k
q
a
2
_

1

2

1

2
_
ˆı
+
_
1

2

1

2
_
ˆ
= −4

2 k
q
a
2
ˆı ,
with magnitude −4

2 k
q
a
2
.
010 0.0 points
A line of charge starts at x = x
0
, where x
0
is positive, and extends along the x-axis to
positive inﬁnity.
If the linear charge density is given by
λ = λ
0
x
0
/x, where λ
0
is a constant, ﬁnd
the electric ﬁeld at the origin. (Here ˆı denotes
the unit vector in the positive x direction.)
1.
k λ
0
x
0
(ˆı)
2.
k λ
0
2 x
0
(ˆı)
3.
k λ
0
2 x
2
0
(ˆı)
4.
k λ
0
x
0
(−ˆı)
5.
k λ
2
0
2 x
0
(ˆı)
6.
k λ
0
2 x
0
(−ˆı) correct
Explanation:
First we realize that we are dealing with a
continuous distribution of charge (as opposed
to point charges). We must divide the dis-
tribution into small elements and integrate.
Using Coulomb’s law, the electric ﬁeld cre-
ated by each small element with charge dq
is
dE =
k dq
x
2
where
dq = λdx =
λ
0
x
0
x
dx .
Now we integrate over the entire distribution
(i.e. from x = x
0
to x = +∞):
|

E| =
_
k dq
x
2
=
_

x0
k λ
0
x
0
dx
x
3
= −
k λ
0
x
0
2
1
x
2
¸
¸
¸

x0
=
k λ
0
2 x
0
.
Since the distribution is to the right of the
point of interest, the electric ﬁeld is directed
along the −x axis if λ
0
is positive. That is, a
positive charge at the origin would experience
a force in the direction of −ˆı from this charge
distribution. In fact, the direction of an elec-
tric ﬁeld at a point P in space is deﬁned as
the direction in which the electric force acting
on a positive particle at that point P would
point, so

E =
k λ
0
2 x
0
(−ˆı).
011 0.0 points
1) Two uncharged metal balls, X and Y,
stand on glass rods and are touching.
Y X
2) A third ball, carrying a negative charge, is
brought near the ﬁrst two.
Y X

3) Then the ﬁrst two balls are separated from
each other,
Y X

pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 6
4) and the third ball is ﬁnally removed.
Y X
When this is all four steps are done, it is
found out that
1. Ball X is negative and ball Y is positive.
correct
2. Balls X and Y are still uncharged.
3. Balls X and Y are both negative.
4. Ball Xis positive and ball Yis negative.
5. Balls X and Y are both positive.
Explanation:
When a negative ball is moved near a metal-
lic object (X and Y), the negative charge will
attract positive charges, causing X to have
excess negative charge and Y to have excess
positive charge (X and Y are in contact, so
the total net charge on X and Y should be
zero).
+ − −
Later, X and Y are separated, retaining
their charges, so when the third ball is ﬁnally
removed, X will have net negative charge and
Y will have net positive charge.
012 0.0 points
An electron moves at 2 × 10
6
m/s into a uni-
form electric ﬁeld of magnitude 1103 N/C.
The charge on an
electron is 1.60218 ×10
−19
C and the mass
of an electron is 9.10939 ×10
−31
kg .
The ﬁeld is parallel to the electron’s velocity
and acts to decelerate the electron.
How far does the electron travel before it is
brought to rest?
Correct answer: 1.03094 cm.
Explanation:
Let : v = 2 ×10
6
m/s ,
q
e
= 1.60218 ×10
−19
C,
m = 9.10939 ×10
−31
kg , and
E = 1103 N/C.
The kinetic energy
K =
1
2
mv
2
is depleted by the amount of work done by
the electric force F = q
e
E on the particle:
W =
_
F dx = F x = q
e
E x
since the force is constant. When the electron
comes to rest, all its kinetic energy has been
converted, so
1
2
mv
2
= q
e
E x .
x =
1
2
mv
2
q
e
E
=
1
2
_
9.10939 ×10
−31
kg
_
1.60218 ×10
−19
C
×
_
2 ×10
6
m/s
_
2
1103 N/C
= 1.03094 cm .
013 0.0 points
Consider the setup shown in the ﬁgure.
pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 7
Determine the force exerted by -Q on the
dipole. Choose the correct expression for the
force. + sign is along the positive x-direction.
1. −k
2 q s Q
z
3
2. −k
q s Q
z
3
3. −k
q s Q
z
2
4. +k
q s Q
z
2
5. +k
2 q s Q
z
3
correct
6. +k
2 q s Q
z
2
7. −k
2 q s Q
z
2
8. +k
q s Q
z
3
Explanation:
According to the reciprocity relation, i.e.
the action force is equal and opposite to the
reaction force, the force due to the charge -
Q on the dipole is equal in magnitude and
opposite in direction to the force due to the
dipole acting on the charge -Q. Thus for the
former we have
F = −(−Q) ×
_
+k 2 q s
z
3
_
= +k
2 q s Q
z
3
.
014 0.0 points
The electric ﬁeld at a location C points north
and its magnitude is 1.15187 ×10
6
N/C. To
produce this ﬁeld, a proton and an electron
are placed at equal distances from C and op-
posite each other with respect to C. Find the
distance between each charge and C in units
of m.
Correct answer: 5 ×10
−8
m.
Explanation:
Let : k = 9 ×10
9
J m/C
2
,
e = 1.6 ×10
−19
C, and
E = 1.15187 ×10
6
N/C.
Each charge particle contributes
k e
r
2
pointing
in the same direction.So,
E =
2 k e
r
2
r =
_
2 k e
E
=
¸
2 (9 ×10
9
J m/C
2
) (1.6 ×10
−19
C)
1.15187 ×10
6
N/C
= 5 ×10
−8
m.
015 (part 1 of 2) 0.0 points
Suppose you want to create an electric ﬁeld
= 2, −2, 0 N/C at the origin located at
0, 0, 0. Where would you place an electron
to create this ﬁeld? Denote the coordinate
vector of the electron by r = r ˆr
Determine ˆr
1.
−1, 1, 0
2
2. 1, −1, 0
3. −1, 1, 0
4. 2 −1, 1, 0
5.
−1, 1, 0

2
6.
1, −1, 0
2
7.
1, −1, 0

2
correct
8. 2 1, −1, 0
Explanation:
The electron has a negative charge. The
direction of the vector should along the direc-
tion of the electric ﬁeld.
ˆr =
ˆ
E =

E
E
ˆr =
1

8
2, −2, 0
pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 8
ˆr =
1

2
1, −1, 0
016 (part 2 of 2) 0.0 points
Find the magnitude r (in units of m).
1. 0.000226 m
2. 2.26 ×10
−7
m
3. 0.000678 m
4. 1.13 ×10
−6
m
5. 2.26 ×10
−6
m
6. 2.26 ×10
−5
m correct
7. 0.000452 m
8. 0.00226 m
Explanation:
The magnitude of E is given by |

E| = E =
2

2.
But, we also know that
E =
ke
r
2
r =
¸
ke
E
= 2.26 ×10
−5
m
017 0.0 points
Consider the experiment using two tapes The
setup is shown in ﬁgure 1. The Tapes A and
B are oppositely charged. The electric attrac-
tive force lifts it up to the location shown with
a separation d. Following the approximation
of the text, the attractive force is estimated as
the attraction between two point charges Q
A
and Q
B
separated by distance d. The upward
pull on the lower tape due to the electric at-
traction is balanced by the weight of the lower
tape.
Now consider a new case where the lower
tape is replaced by a new tape that weighs 2
times as much as the original tape, and the
charges are the same as before. Assuming
the same approximation is still valid , which
expression gives the new separation distance
d

so that the lower tape is again lifted?
1. d

= 3 d
2. d

=

2 d
3. d

=
d

3
4. d

= 2 d
5. d

=
d
3
.
6. d

=

3 d
7. d

=
d

2
correct
8. d

=
d
2
Explanation:
Original set up gives
k Q
A
Q
B
d
2
= mg . (1)
New setup gives
k Q
A
Q
B
d
2
new
= 2 mg . (2)
pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 9
Dividing eq(1) by eq(2) leads to,
d
2
new
d
2
=
1
2
d
new
=
d

2
.
This is reasonable, since a stronger electric
force requires a smaller separation distance.
Furthermore, the
1
r
2
dependence of the force
tells us that a decrease in the distance of
1

2
leads to an increase of the force by a factor of
2.
018 0.0 points
A lightweight metal ball hangs from a thread,
to the right of an plastic rod. (See Figure 1.)
Both are initially uncharged.
The plastic (insulator) case: You rub the
left end of the plastic rod with wool, deposit-
ing charged molecular fragments whose total
negative charge is that of 1 ×10
9
electrons.
The metal (conductor) case: You perform
a similar experiment with a conducting metal
rod. You touch the left end of the rod with
a charged metal object, depositing the same
excess electrons to the left end. You then
remove the object.
Statement I : Consider two cases below:
(i). There are polarized dipoles inside of
the rod.
(ii). There are electrons at the surface.
Ia. (i) is applicable for the insulator. (ii) is
applicable for the conductor.
Ib. (ii) is applicable for the insulator. (i) is
applicable for the conductor.
Statement II : Compare the attraction be-
tween the rod and the ball
IIa. The insulator rod has more attraction.
IIb. The conductor rod has more attraction.
Statement III :
IIIa. The induced dipole moment for a con-
ductor occurs over a macroscopic length scale.
IIIb. The induced dipole moment for a con-
ductor occurs over an atomic length scale.
1. Ia, IIa, IIIb
2. Ia, IIa, IIIa
3. Ib, IIa, IIIb
4. Ib, IIb, IIIb
5. Ib, IIa, IIIa
6. Ia, IIb, IIIa correct
7. Ib, IIb, IIIa
8. Ia, IIb, IIIb
Explanation:
Answer to statement I: The excess negative
charge at the left end leads to the alignment of
induced dipoles in the interior of the insulator
rod. For the metal rod case, free electrons are
on the surface of the rod. Ia is correct.
Answer to statement II: Since electrons are
free to move along the surface of a conductor,
the average location of the free electrons in
the conductor is closer to the average location
of the induced negative charges in in the ball
than is the case for the insulator. So the
former gives a stronger attraction. IIb is
correct.
Answer to statement III: The induced
dipole moment for the conductor is dis-
tributed throughout the conductor. Hence,
the dipole moment induced is across a macro-
pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 10
scopic length scale. IIIa is correct.
019 0.0 points
Two large, thin, charged plastic circular
plates each of radius R are placed a short
distance s apart; s is much smaller than the
dimensions of a plate. The right-hand plate
has a positive charge of +Q evenly distributed
over its inner surface (Q is a positive number).
The left-hand plate has a negative charge of
−2Q evenly distributed over its inner surface.
A very thin plastic spherical shell of radius
r is placed midway between the plates (and
shown in cross section). It has a uniformly
distributed positive charge of +q. You can ig-
nore the contributions to the electric ﬁeld due
to the polarization of the thin plastic shell
and the thin plastic plates.
Without the plastic sphere, the electric ﬁeld
at A would be
Ia) the same
Ib) smaller
Ic) larger
Rank the electric ﬁeld magnitudes at A,B
and C.
IIa) E
A
> E
B
> E
C
IIb) E
C
> E
B
> E
A
IIc) E
B
> E
C
> E
A
1. Ia, IIa
2. Ic, IIc
3. Ia, IIc correct
4. Ia, IIb
5. Ib, IIb
6. Ic, IIb
7. Ic, IIa
8. Ib, IIc
9. Ib, IIa
Explanation:
I. The electric ﬁeld due to the spherical
shell of charge is 0 inside the sphere.
II. The electric ﬁelds due to the plates are
the same at A, B, and C. The ﬁelds at B
and C have an additional contribution due to
the sphere, however, which enhances the ﬁeld
strength at those locations compared to A.
Because B is closer to the center of the sphere
than C, the electric ﬁeld at B is the greatest.
020 (part 1 of 2) 0.0 points
A plastic hollow sphere, which is uniformly
charged with negative charge on its surface, is
placed near the center of a horizontal plastic
rod, which is uniformly charged with negative
charge. What is the direction of the electric
ﬁeld vector at P due to the charges on the
plastic sphere alone?
pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 11
1. direction 2
2. direction 4
3. direction 6
4. direction 1
5. direction 7
6. direction 3
7. direction 8
8. Zero magnitude correct
9. direction 5
Explanation:
Since the charge distribution on the surface
is uniform, the ﬁeld at P due to the charges
on the sphere alone is 0.
021 (part 2 of 2) 0.0 points
What is direction of the resultant ﬁeld vector
contributed by the rod plus the sphere?
1. Zero magnitude
2. direction 8
3. direction 5 correct
4. direction 7
5. direction 2
6. direction 4
7. direction 1
8. direction 3
9. direction 6
Explanation:
The E ﬁeld due to the charged shell is 0 and
the E ﬁeld due to the rod points downward.
By the principle of superposition the correct
answer is that the E-ﬁeld points in direction
5.
022 0.0 points
Which is the correct integral formulation for
the electric ﬁeld on the axis of a uniformly
charged disk of total charge Q and radius R?
1. E
z
=
_
R
0
1
2
0
_
Q
πR
2
_
z
(r
2
+ z
2
)
3/2
r dr
correct
pan (zp695) – midterm 01 review – chiu – (56565) 12
2. E
z
=
_
π
0
1

0
_
Q
πR
2
_
z
(R
2
+ z
2
)
3/2

3. E
z
=
_

0
1

0
_
Q
πR
2
_
z
(R
2
+ z
2
)
3/2

4. E
z
=
_
R
0
1
2
0
_
Q

_
z
(r
2
+ z
2
)
3/2
r dr
5. E
z
=
_
π
0
1

0
_
Q

_
z
(R
2
+ z
2
)
3/2

6. E
z
=
_

0
1

0
_
Q

_
z
(R
2
+ z
2
)
3/2

7. E
z
=
_
R
0
1
2
0
_
Q

_
z
(R
2
+ z
2
)
3/2
r dr
8. E
z
=
_
R
0
1
2
0
_
Q
πR
2
_
z
(R
2
+ z
2
)
3/2
r dr
Explanation:
The electric ﬁeld of a uniformly charged
thin ring is given by
E =
1

0
qz
(R
2
+ z
2
)
3/2
A disk can be divided into a sequence of con-
centric rings. The only non-vanishing com-
ponent of the electric ﬁeld will be in the ˆz
direction.
∆E
z
=
1

0
∆q z
(r
2
+ z
2
)
3/2
Now, we evaluate ∆q and it is given by
∆q = Q
2πr∆r
πR
2
For an inﬁnitesimal ring, we have
dE
z
=
1
2
0
Q
πR
2
z
(r
2
+ z
2
)
3/2
r dr
Thus, the value of E
z
is
E
z
=
_
R
0
1
2
0
_
Q
πR
2
_
z
(r
2
+ z
2
)
3/2
r dr