You are on page 1of 3

1

1. A company’s costs, in millions of dollars, are given by the equation, C = x2 – 3x – 27, where x is the number of items sold, in thousands. What are the costs when 1,000 items are sold? 1,500 items? (Hint: If the number of items sold is 1000, then x=1.) a) If x = 1,000, simply substitute x= – 3(1) – 27 x = 1 – 3 – 27 x = -29 b) If x = 1,500 x= – 3(1.5) – 27 x = 2.25 – 4.5 – 27 x = -29.25 2. A company’s costs, in millions of dollars, are given by the equation, C = x2 – 3x – 27, where x is the number of items sold, in thousands. How many items must be sold for the costs to be zero? Cost should be zero, c = 0, hence – 3x – 27 = 0 x = (-3 +/- sqrt( - (4*-27)))/2 x = (-3 +/- sqrt(117)) /2 x = (-3 + 10.8166)/2 or (-3 -10.8166)/2 x = -3.908 or 6.908 3. An object’s height, in meters, when thrown vertically from the ground at a velocity of 80 m/s is given by the equation H = -4.9t2 + 80t. Ignoring wind resistance, what is the height of the ball after 2 seconds? 3 seconds? 10 seconds? a. For 2 seconds: H(2) = - 4.9 (2^2) + 80(2) = 140.4 meters b. For 3 seconds: H(3) = -4.9 (3^2) + 80(3) = 107.70 meters c. For 10 seconds: H(10) = -4.9 (10^2) + 80(10) = -4,100.00 meters 4. An object’s height, in meters, when thrown vertically from the ground at a velocity of 80 m/s is given by the equation H = -4.9t2 + 80t. Ignoring wind resistance, how many seconds will it take the object to return to the ground? In other words, when is H = 0? Use the quadratic formula in solving this problem, 0= + 80t a = -4,9, b = 80, c = 0 √ √ √ √ √ or = 0, or or =5

(

)=(

) = 16.32653