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E90005Ra 96 Tests Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay Kit For Angiotensin II (AngII) Organism: Rattus norvegicus (Rat) Instruction manual FOR IN VITRO AND RESEARCH USE ONLY NOT FOR USE IN CLINICAL DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES
8th Edition (Revised in March, 2013)

[ INTENDED USE ]
The kit is a competitive inhibition enzyme immunoassay technique for the in vitro quantitative measurement of AngII in rat serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates, cell culture supernates and other biological fluids.

[ REAGENTS AND MATERIALS PROVIDED ]
Reagents Pre-coated, ready to use 96-well strip plate Standard (lyophilized) Detection Reagent A (green) Detection Reagent B (red) TMB Substrate Wash Buffer (30 × concentrate) Quantity 1 2 1×120µL 1×120µL 1×9mL 1×20mL Reagents Plate sealer for 96 wells Standard Diluent Assay Diluent A (2 × concentrate) Assay Diluent B (2 × concentrate) Stop Solution Instruction manual Quantity 4 1×20mL 1×6mL 1×6mL 1×6mL 1

[ MATERIALS REQUIRED BUT NOT SUPPLIED ]
1. Microplate reader with 450 ± 10nm filter. 2. Precision single or multi-channel pipettes and disposable tips. 3. Eppendorf Tubes for diluting samples. 4. Deionized or distilled water. 5. Absorbent paper for blotting the microtiter plate. 6. Container for Wash Solution

[ STORAGE OF THE KITS ]
1. For unopened kit: All the reagents should be kept according to the labels on vials. The Standard, Detection Reagent A, Detection Reagent B and the 96-well strip plate should be stored at -20oC upon receipt while the others should be at 4 oC. 2. For opened kit: When the kit is opened, the remaining reagents still need to be stored according to the above storage condition. Besides, please return the unused wells to the foil pouch containing the desiccant pack, and reseal along entire edge of zip-seal.

5mL of Standard Diluent. For the expiration date of the kit. Tissue homogenates . Sample hemolysis will influence the result. bring samples to room temperature. kept for 10 minutes at room temperature. After that.Collect plasma using EDTA or heparin as an anticoagulant.000pg/mL.Centrifuge samples for 20 minutes at 1000×g. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. Adherent cells should be detached with trypsin and then collected by centrifugation (suspension cells can be collected by centrifugation directly). Assay freshly prepared serum immediately or store samples in aliquot at -20oC or -80oC for later use.Note: It is highly recommended to use the remaining reagents within 1 month provided this is within the expiration date of the kit. Remove particulates and assay immediately or store samples in aliquot at -20oC or -80oC for later use. 2. When performing the assay. the homogenates were centrifugated for 5 minutes at 5000×g. shake gently(not to foam). 3. so hemolytic specimen should not be detected.69pg/mL.Reconstitute the Standard with 0. please refer to the label on the kit box. 74. Wash cells three times in cold PBS. [ SAMPLE COLLECTION AND STORAGE ] Serum . Bring all kit components and samples to room temperature (18-25oC) before use. Note: month) or -80oC ( 2 months) to avoid loss of bioactivity and contamination. Cell culture supernates and other biological fluids . Please prepare 5 tubes containing 0. Centrifuge at 1500×g for 10 minutes at 2 . Minced the tissues to small pieces and homogenized them in 5-10 mL of PBS with a glass homogenizer on ice(Micro Tissue Grinders woks. too). 2. Mix each tube thoroughly before the next transfer. .000pg/mL. Set up 5 points of diluted standard such as 2. Plasma . The resulting suspension was sonicated with an ultrasonic cell disrupter or subjected to two freeze-thaw cycles to further break the cell membranes. Centrifuge samples for 15 minutes at 1000×g at 2 . Thaw cells with gentle mixing. and the last EP tubes with Standard Diluent is the blank as 0pg/mL. otherwise samples must be stored at -20oC ( 1 o ¡ ¡ ¡ [ REAGENT PREPARATION ] 1.2) to remove excess blood thoroughly and weighed before homogenization.Cells must be lysed before assaying according to the following directions.Use a serum separator tube and allow samples to clot for two hours at room temperature or overnight at 4oC before centrifugation for 20 minutes at approximately 1000×g. Resuspend cells in PBS (1×) and the cells was subject to ultrasonication for 4 times (or Freeze cells at -20 C.0-7.8oC to remove cellular debris.67pg/mL.07pg/mL. 1.pH 7. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. o Cell Lysates . Remove plasma and assay immediately or store samples in aliquot at -20oC or -80oC for later use. Remove the supernate and assay immediately or aliquot and store at   -20 C. tissues were rinsed in ice-cold PBS(0. The concentration of the standard in the stock solution is 2.6mL Standard Diluent and produce a triple dilution series according to the picture shown below. Standard . 666.02mol/L.The preparation of tissue homogenates will vary depending upon tissue type.22pg/mL. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. Samples to be used within 5 days may be stored at 4oC. Repeat the freeze/thaw cycle for 3 times. 222.) 4. For this assay. 2. All components are stable until this expiration date. 3.8oC within 30 minutes of collection. 24. 1.

The prepared working dilution can't be frozen. Making serial dilution in the wells directly is not permitted. a preliminary experiment to determine the validity of the kit is necessary.Tube pg/mL 1 2. If the samples are not indicated in the manual. Assay Diluent A and Assay Diluent B . Dilute to the working concentration with working Assay Diluent A or B. 5. TMB substrate . slowly pipette them to reduce the volume errors. Prepare standard within 15 minutes before assay. Please reserve sufficient samples in advance. Wash Solution . Therefore. use small volumes and ensure that pipettors are calibrated. Detection Reagent A and B are sticky solutions. Detection Reagent A and Detection Reagent B can be used only once. It is recommended to suck more than 10µL for once pipetting.000 2 666. (In fact.67 3 222. and avoid foaming and mix gently until the crystals are completely dissolved.22 4 74. in every test. Uscn.07 5 24. is only responsible for the kit itself. respectively (1:100). The user should calculate the possible amount of the samples used in the whole test. 2.69 6 0 3. 3. Please do not dissolve the reagents at 37oC directly. please precisely pipette required amount of Diluent and make double dilution in a new container. To minimize imprecision caused by pipetting. If values for these are not within the range of the standard curve.Dilute 20mL of Wash Solution concentrate (30×) with 580mL of deionized or distilled water to prepare 600mL of Wash Solution (1×). warm to room temperature and mix gently until the crystals are completely dissolved. Inc. 6.) 4. 5. The reconstituted Standards. therefore. 4. 7. Please carefully reconstitute Standards or working Detection Reagent A and B according to the instruction. 3. 2. [ SAMPLE PREPARATION ] 1.Briefly spin or centrifuge the stock Detection A and Detection B before use. Please predict the concentration before assaying. 6. users must determine the optimal sample dilutions for their particular experiments. If crystals have formed in the Wash Solution concentrate (30×). but not for the samples consumed during the assay. Contaminated water or container for reagent preparation will influence the detection result. Note: 1. more than 6mL Assay Diluent A and Assay Diluent B are contained in the bottles.Aspirate the needed dosage of the solution with sterilized tips and do not dump the residual solution into the vial again.Dilute 6mL of Assay Diluent A or B Concentrate(2×) with 6mL of deionized or distilled water to prepare 12mL of Assay Diluent A or B. . Detection Reagent A and Detection Reagent B .

Remove any drop of water and fingerprint on the bottom of the plate and confirm there is no bubble on the surface of the liquid. Add 100µL of Detection Reagent B working solution to each well. is recommended. To avoid cross-contamination. Please carefully add samples to wells and mix gently to avoid foaming. 6. Due to the possibility of mismatching between antigen from other origin and antibody used in our kits (e. Fresh samples without long time storage is recommended for the test. cell number or sampling time. protein degradation and denaturalization may occur in those samples and finally lead to wrong results. 5. Add 50µL each of dilutions of standard (read Reagent Preparation). gently tap the plate to ensure thorough mixing. 3. 7. Duplication of all standards and specimens.4.g. Then. Cover with a new Plate sealer. Note: 1. 6. The liquid will turn yellow by the addition of Stop solution. Add 90µL of Substrate Solution to each well. Do not touch the well wall. samples from cell culture supernatant may not be detected by the kit. 7. run the microplate reader and conduct measurement at 450nm immediately.. respectively. change pipette tips between additions of standards. blank and sample. And then add 50µL of Detection Reagent A to each well immediately. and let it sit for 1-2 minutes. although not required. Determine wells for diluted standard. without interruption. 4. Repeat the aspiration/wash process for total 5 times as conducted in step 2. 2. 2. multi-channel pipette. Invert the plate and blot it against absorbent paper. antibody targets conformational epitope rather than linear epitope). Assay preparation: Keep appropriate numbers of wells for each experiment and remove extra wells from microplate. Incubate for 30 minutes at 37oC after covering it with the Plate sealer. manifold dispenser or autowasher. 5. and reagents. Prepare 5 wells for standard points. Incubate for 15 . Remove the remaining liquid from all wells completely by snapping the plate onto absorbent paper. Detection Reagent A may appear cloudy. Rest wells should be resealed and stored at -20oC. Shake the plate gently (using a microplate shaker is recommended). samples. Incubate for 1 hour at 37oC. For each step in the procedure. [ ASSAY PROCEDURE ] 1. Mix the liquid by tapping the side of the plate. some native or recombinant proteins from other manufacturers may not be recognized by our products. Otherwise. If color change does not appear uniform. ¢ . After the last wash.25 minutes at 37oC (Don't exceed 30 minutes). Aspirate the solution and wash with 350µL of 1X Wash Solution to each well using a squirt bottle. Add 50µL of Stop Solution to each well. total dispensing time for addition of reagents or samples to the assay plate should not exceed 10 minutes. remove any remaining Wash Buffer by aspirating or decanting. blank and samples into the appropriate wells. Influenced by the factors including cell viability. Tissue or cell extraction samples prepared by chemical lysis buffer may cause unexpected ELISA results due to the impacts from certain chemicals. Protect from light. use separated reservoirs for each reagent. The liquid will turn blue by the addition of Substrate Solution. Cover with a Plate sealer. 1 well for blank. This will ensure equal elapsed time for each pipetting step. Samples or reagents addition Please use the freshly prepared Standard. Also. Repeat 3 times. Warm to room temperature and mix gently until solution appears uniform.

so there is an inverse correlation between AngII concentration in the sample and the assay signal intensity.g. Create a standard curve on log-log or semi-log graph paper. 6. Draw the best fit straight line through the standard points and it can be determined by regression analysis.3. value of the standard (X-axis) against the log of concentration of the standard (Y-axis). remove any remaining Wash Solution by aspirating or decanting and remove any drop of water and fingerprint on the bottom of the plate. therefore. Washing: The wash procedure is critical. values of the standard curve may vary according to the conditions of assay performance (e. add Stop Solution in advance to avoid excessively strong reaction which will result in inaccurate absorbance reading. Average the duplicate readings for each standard. After addition of the substrate solution. the concentration read from the standard curve must be multiplied by the dilution factor. [ TYPICAL DATA ] In order to make the calculation easier. The amount of bound HRP conjugate is reverse proportional to the concentration of AngII in the sample.30. curve expert 1. DO NOT let the strips DRY at any time during the assay. The O.D. Do not allow wells to sit uncovered for extended periods between incubation steps. If samples have been diluted. 5. A monoclonal antibody specific for rat AngII has been pre-coated onto a microplate. A competitive inhibition reaction is launched between biotin labeled rat AngII and unlabeled rat AngII (Standards or samples) with the pre-coated antibody specific for rat AngII. [ CALCULATION OF RESULTS ] This assay employs the competitive inhibition enzyme immunoassay technique. if the color is too deep. Incubation: To ensure accurate results. Incubation time and temperature must be controlled. After incubation the unbound conjugate is washed off. [ TEST PRINCIPLE ] This assay employs the competitive inhibition enzyme immunoassay technique. is also recommended. for instance. Insufficient washing will result in poor precision and false elevated absorbance reading. with the log of AngII concentration on the y-axis and absorbance on the x-axis. Next. and samples. observation once every 10 minutes). Typical standard curve below is provided for reference only. control. washing technique or temperature effects). 7. Once reagents are added to the well strips. a humidifier is recommended to be used at that condition. Using some plot software. operator. Please protect it from light. the intensity of color developed is reverse proportional to the concentration of AngII in the sample.D.D.g. proper adhesion of plate sealers during incubation steps is necessary. we plot the O. The environment humidity which is less than 60% might have some effects on the final performance. TMB Substrate is easily contaminated. Complete removal of liquid at each step is essential for good performance. value is the dependent variable. . although concentration is the independent variable and O. pipetting technique. 4. After the last wash. Controlling of reaction time: Observe the change of color after adding TMB Substrate (e. avidin conjugated to Horseradish Peroxidase (HRP) is added to each microplate well and incubated.

It was determined by subtracting two standard deviations to the mean optical density value of twenty zero standard replicates and calculating the corresponding concentration. The results were demonstrated by the percentage of calculated concentration to the expected. cross reaction may still exist. . 666.69pg/mL.07pg/mL. Note: Limited by current skills and knowledge.69-2. The sensitivity of this assay. [ SPECIFICITY ] This assay has high sensitivity and excellent specificity for detection of rat AngII. 74. or Lower Limit of Detection (LLD) was defined as the lowest protein concentration that could be differentiated from zero. The standard curve concentrations used for the ELISA’s were 2. [ SENSITIVITY ] The minimum detectable dose of rat AngII is typically less than 8. Matrix rat serum(n=5) rat EDTA plasma(n=5) rat heparin plasma(n=5) Recovery range (%) 83-95 92-104 86-94 Average(%) 89 99 90 [ LINEARITY ] The linearity of the kit was assayed by testing samples spiked with appropriate concentration of rat AngII and their serial dilutions. it is impossible for us to complete the cross. 24.000pg/mL. [ DETECTION RANGE ] 24.Typical Standard Curve for Rat AngII ELISA.22pg/mL.000pg/mL. [ RECOVERY ] Matrices listed below were spiked with certain level of rat AngII and the recovery rates were calculated by comparing the measured value to the expected amount of AngII in samples.reactivity detection between rat AngII and all the analogues. 222.67pg/mL.51pg/mL. therefore. No significant cross-reactivity or interference between rat AngII and analogues was observed.

Add 50µL Stop Solution. 8 replicates in each plate. we can't completely conduct the comprehensive identification and analysis on the raw material provided by suppliers. Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): 3 samples with low. respectively. So there might be some qualitative and technical risks to use the kit. samples and standards. It is also strongly suggested that the whole assay is performed by the same operator from the beginning to the end. 7. 4. www. Add 50µL standard or sample to each well. Add 100µL prepared Detection Reagent B. Read at 450 nm immediately. 3. 2. Incubate 1 hour at 37oC. Aspirate and wash 5 times. Shake and mix. especially room temperature. To minimize extra influence on the performance. Incubate 15-25 minutes at 37oC. CV(%) = SD/meanX100 Intra-Assay: CV<10% Inter-Assay: CV<12% [ STABILITY ] The stability of ELISA kit is determined by the loss rate of activity.uscnk. 5. operation skills of the end users and the experimental environments. incubator temperature should be strictly controlled.uscnk.com) is only for information. operation procedures and lab conditions. middle and high level rat AngII were tested 20 times on one plate. . Prepare all reagents. Add 90µL Substrate Solution. 3. middle and high level rat AngII were tested on 3 different plates. The loss rate of this kit is less than 5% within the expiration date under appropriate storage condition. air humidity. 2.Sample rat serum(n=5) rat EDTA plasma(n=5) rat heparin plasma(n=5) 1 £2 1 £4 1 £8 1 £16 81-91% 94-101% 90-98% 96-105% 80-92% 86-95% 90-102% 86-96% 89-101% 85-99% 94-105% 83-97% [ PRECISION ] Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): 3 samples with low. [ IMPORTANT NOTE ] 1. Limited by the current condition and scientific technology. 4. sensitivity and color developing time. All the bottle caps of reagents should be covered tightly to prevent the evaporation and contamination of microorganism.cn. Aspirate and wash 3 times. Protect all reagents from strong light during storage and incubation. [ ASSAY PROCEDURE SUMMARY ] 1. Kits from different batches may be a little different in detection range. Use only the reagents supplied by manufacturer. The final experimental results will be closely related to validity of the products. Please make sure that sufficient samples are available. 6.uscnk. And then add 50µL prepared Detection Reagent A immediately. www. Incubate 30 minutes at 37oC. Do not mix or substitute reagents from one kit lot to another.us. Please perform the experiment exactly according to the instruction attached in kit while electronic ones from our website (www. 5.

A microplate plate reader with a bandwidth of 10nm or less and an optical density range of 0-3 O.htm). 7.D Values Sample Values . containers and sealers Check and Calibrate pipettes Calibrate pipettes and Add adequate reagents Ensure sufficient incubation times Reagents balanced to room temperature Mix conjugate &substrate. Wear eye.com/homepage/operate-elisa. Even the same operator might get different results in two separate experiments. please refer to the operation video (http://www. Each kit has been strictly passed Q. the operation of every step in the assay should be controlled. results from end users might be inconsistent with our in-house data due to some unexpected transportation conditions or different lab equipments. Do not remove microtiter plate from the storage bag until needed. The instruction manual also suits for the kit of 48T. There may be some foggy substance in the wells when the plate is opened at the first time. 10. since we haven’t compared our products with other manufacturers.color should develop immediately Follow the assay protocol in the kit manual Read within the time recommended in the manual Store the sample properly and use the fresh sample Take proper sample collection and preparation method Use new sample and repeat assay Poor Precision Low O. 9. containers and sealers Inaccurate Pipetting Inadequate reagent volumes added to wells Incorrect incubation times Incorrect incubation temperature Conjugate or substrate reagent failure No stop solution added Read beyond suggested reading time Improper Sample Storage Improper sample collection and preparation Low quantity of analyte in samples Correction Action Ensure accurate operation of the dilution Adequate washing and adequate aspiration Check and Calibrate pipettes Ensure sufficient washing Adequate aspiration and mixing reagents Change and use new pipette tips. For more information. hand. In order to get better reproducible results. [ PRECAUTION ] The Stop Solution suggested for use with this kit is an acid solution. as well as incorrect parameter setting for the plate reader may lead to incorrect results. Wrong operations during the reagents preparation and loading. [ TROUBLE SHOOTING ] Problem Poor Standard Curve Possible Source Improper standard curve preparation Incomplete washing and aspiration Inaccurate Pipetting Incomplete washing of wells Inadequate mixing and aspiration reagents Reused pipette tips. It will not have any effect on the final assay results. 8. Please read the instruction carefully and adjust the instrument prior to the experiment. too. Furthermore.6. Intra-assay variance among kits from different batches might arise from above factors.C test. 11. Kits from different manufacturers with the same item might produce different results. and clothing protection when using this material. face.D. but all reagents of 48T kit are reduced by half. or greater at 450 ± 10nm wavelength is acceptable for use in absorbance measurement.uscnk. However. a preliminary experiment before assay for each batch is recommended.