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The Ecstasy of Rita Joe

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(August 2011)

The Ecstasy of Rita Joe is a drama by George Ryga. The play, in two acts, premiered at the Vancouver Playhouse, November 23, 1967. It was directed by George Bloomfield. The play has an important place in the history of modern Canadian theatre, as it was one of the first to address issues relating to Aboriginal peoples. It recounts the story of a young Aboriginal woman in the city. The play opened the studio theatre of the National Arts Centre in 1969. It was adapted as a ballet by the Royal Winnipeg Ballet in 1971. The play was revived by Alberta Theatre Projects in 1976. It was translated by Gratien Gélinas and presented at the ComédieCanadienne. It was also produced in Washington, DC, in May, 1973, with Chief Dan George and Frances Hyland in lead roles.

Significance
The play's structure will be seen by some as clumsy at times while others may appreciate the postmodern disordering of events. The story is told in songs, montages and tableaus. While the causes of the plight of Aboriginal people are not shown in sharp relief, it is clear that the violence of white culture and the patriarchy of Native culture are at the root of the problem. The Canadian Theatre Encyclopedia which calls the play "seminal in the history of Canadian theatre," considered it to be more historically significant than meritorious in its own right: [It is] not great for what it is as much as it is great for what it promises and what it offers the imaginative creative team... flashes of dramatic brilliance and also the historical aspect of the work's timing; this was one of the first works about Native Canadians mounted on a stage and taken seriously.

[edit] Cast and crew
The Vancouver production starred Frances Hyland, August Schellenberg, Chief Dan George, Henry Ramer, Walter Marsh, Robert Clothier, Patricia Gage, Rae Brown, Claudine Melgrave, Bill Clarkson, Merv Campone, Alex Bruhanski, Jack Leaf, Jack Buttrey, Leonard George, Robert Hall, Frank Lewis, Paul Stanley, Willie Dunn and Ann Mortifee. Set and lighting were designed by Charles Evans, and costumes were designed by Margaret Ryan.

It was .. but Julius Novick. Ryga and.'" .' almost. of The New York Times wrote. Rita Joe was a landmark in more ways than one..the play still worked. like 'Panamanian hockey-player." Jamie Portman of the Vancouver Province wrote of the revival in 1976: ".a play for all seasons and for all peoples...' The words seem a little incongrous together.Reviews The critics dwelled on two major issues concerning Ryga's work: its structural problems and its power. But if the role of the stage is to communicate." The Washington Post was positive. Jack Richards of the Vancouver Sun voiced an opinion echoed by others: "I don't know if it is a great play. or 'Lebanese fur-trapper. "'Canadian Playwright..and remains .. Bloomfield have accomplished their purpose.