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Q Read

A step by step guide to learning how to recite the Qur’an
Book 1

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CONTENTSPAGE 

LetterIntroduction   

LetterRecognition   

JoiningLetters    

Haraka–Fatha,Kasra,Dhamma 

Sukun     

LongVowels    

HamzaandHiccup   

Tanween     

Maddah     

SilentLetters    

Tashdeed     

Huruf‘ulMuqatta’at    

NunQutniandQalb   

Stops           

Page1     

Page     

Page7     

Page2     

Page25     

Page29     

Page35     

Page38     

Page41     

Page42     

Page45     

Page54     

Page55     

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LETTER INTRODUCTION

The method of teaching widely used in schools nowadays is the Phonetic
Method i.e teaching the sound of the letter and not the name of the letter.
Makhraj (Makharij) is the place in the mouth from where the sound of the
letter must come to give the correct pronunciation – in most cases, where the
tongue should be placed.
There are 3 short vowels in the Arabic alphabet called ‘Haraka’. They are
‘Fatha’, ‘Kasra’ and ‘Dhamma’.
The first few exercises show the letters with fatha. Fatha should not be
pronounced as the ‘aa’ sound in Africa or Far. It is a short vowel whose sound
is ‘U’ as it sounds in Umbrella and Under or ‘A’ as in Anwer and Asgher.
Introduce one letter at a time. Point to the letter and say the sound making
sure the child pronounces it correctly after you. Show the student the position
of the tongue.
Always say the sounds clearly pointing out the similar sounding letters and
making sure that the student can recognize the difference when they are heard
or pronounced.
For students who do not speak Arabic, it is always better to use examples of
words that they are familiar with in their own language.

‫)ش‬

For example (

in shirt.

The most important lessons are from pages 2 to 2 as once taught correctly
and understood will lay a firm and solid foundation.

Page 1 

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There. Husayn (said heavily) Place hand on chest (Kh) for Khadija. Teacher.  (U) for Umbrella Tongue is flat in the mouth and the sound comes from the centre of the mouth ‫ب‬ (Ba) for Balloon. Zoo. sound from throat ‫د‬ (Da) for Daddy. Zebra Pronounced as ‘Z’ sound ‫س‬ (Sa) for Sun. Think Tongue is placed between the teeth ‫ج‬ (Ja) for Juice. Khaleel Dot on head (place finger on head). Smile Pronounced with the tip of the tongue touching the roots of the lower front teeth – hissing sound ‫ش‬ (Sh) for Shirt. Sheep. Jam. Thirst. Hasan. Daadi.qfatima. This Keeping the tongue flat in the mouth between the teeth (Ra) for Rabbit. Sabiha Pronounced with the tip of the tongue touching the roots of the upper front teeth – Whistling sound ‫ا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ص‬ Pronounced from the throat while pushing air out Distinctive sound like when you are clearing the throat www. Table Two dots Tongue touches the roots of the upper teeth ‫ث‬ (Th) for Thumb.com  Page 2 . Jogging Ja has one dot in the tummy Pronounced as ‘Ja’ sound ‫ح‬ ‫خ‬ (Ha) for Hello. Shhhh Place finger on lips for shhh Pronounced as ‘Sh’ sound (Ṡaad) for Safiya. Baby Dot at the Bottom Mouth and Lips together ‫ت‬ (Ta) for Teddy. Run Pronounced as ‘Ra’ sound (Za) for Zahra. Doll. Dora Prounounced as ‘Da’ sound (Th) for The.

Lollipop.qfatima. Namaz Explain that it is different to Fa as it does not have a loop Pronounced as ‘Fa’ ‫و‬ (Wa) for Wow. First. Cat Pronounced as ‘ka’ Tongue in centre of the mouth ‫ل‬ (La) for Lamb. that Pronounced by the whole tongue raised to the upper palate and with full mouth ‫ط‬ (Ṫa) for Toys. Abbas Place hand on throat Heavy ‘U’ – sound comes from the throat ‫غ‬ (Gha) for Good Girl. everyone laughing Hahahahaha (Ya) for Yippee. Never. Yay. Qamar (moon) Taught as loop with two dots Sound comes from the throat.com . Tahir Tongue touches roots of the upper teeth and is a heavy sound ‫ظ‬ (Zha) for Zhuhr Raised tongue between the teeth and bringing it down with force ‫ع‬ (U) heavy sound for Ali. hat. Games. Fatima Taught as loop with one dot Pronounced at ‘Fa’ ‫ق‬ (Qa) for Qasim. Care should be taken not to pronounce as ‘G’ ‫ف‬ (Fa) for Fish. It is a heavy ‘Q’ ‫ك‬ (Ka) for Car.  (Dhaad) for though. Water Pronounced as ‘Wa’ ‫ض‬ ‫ە ھ‬ ‫ي‬ Page 3  (Ha) for hand. Lemon Pronounced as ‘La’ ‫م‬ (Ma) for Mummy. Green Pronounced as ‘Gh’. Mickey Mouse Pronounced as ‘Ma’ ‫ن‬ (Na) for Nose. Cake. Yellow Yippee…we have reached the end of the alphabet Pronounced as a normal ‘Ha’ from the chest Pronounced as ‘Ya’ www.

com‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪LETTER RECOGNITION‬‬ ‫ا ب ب ا ب ا ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ت ب‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ب ب ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ث ا ث ت‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ب ت‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ت ج ث ج‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا ج‬ ‫ث ج‬ ‫ح ح ج ح‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ح ا خ‬ ‫د‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ح‬ ‫د خ‬ ‫د‬ ‫د‬ ‫ذ ج‬ ‫ذ د ذ ث‬ ‫ا ث‬ ‫ح ج ح‬ ‫ح‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ج‬ ‫د ب‬ ‫د ت خ‬ ‫ر ر ب د ر ذ ا ر ث ج ر‬ ‫ز ذ د ر ز د ز ر ز د ذ ز‬ ‫‪Page 4‬‬ ‫‪www.qfatima.

‫‬ ‫‬ ‫س ز ب س خ ت س ح ر د س‬ ‫ش ر ز ش ذ ب ش ح ث س ش‬ ‫ص ش ت ص د ذ ص س ج ص‬ ‫ض ص ش ب ص ض ح ص ض‬ ‫ط ا ط ت خ ث ط ز ط س ط ر‬ ‫ظ ط ط ض ظ ش ظ ط ظ ذ‬ ‫ع د ذ ع ع ش ر ح ع ض ع‬ ‫غع ص غ ظ غ ع ض ز ع غ‬ ‫ف ب ت ف ث ف ط ع ف س‬ ‫ق ف ذ ق غ ظ ق ق ز ف ق‬ ‫كط ك ق ف ر ظ ز ض ق ك‬ ‫‪www.com‬‬ ‫‪Page 5‬‬ ‫‬ .qfatima.

 

‫ل ل ك ق ل ا ل ط ظ ل ف‬
‫م ك م ق ع ظ م ب م د م‬
‫ن ل ك ن م ق ن ت د ن‬
‫و ن و م ع و ط ل ن م و‬
‫ه ل ق غ ه ظ ه و م ه ن‬
‫ء ل ه ف ن غ ه ء ه ن ء‬
‫ي ء ي و ء ي م ي ف ي‬
The children should now be familiar with all the letters of the alphabet.
Use the table below to test the letters before moving to the next page. The student should be able
to read in approximately 1 minute.

‫ن ه ث ع س ج ط ش ح ء ز‬
‫ل ر ف ت م ب ي ق و ن ص‬
‫ظ ء ن ذ ض خ غ د ك ل ا‬
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Page 6

 

JOINING LETTERS
The student should have mastered all the sounds on the previous page and be
able to recognize the letters easily.

This section is about joining the letters.
Each page has  tables.
The first table shows the ‘Beginning’, ‘Middle’ and ‘End’ of the letter when
joined to other letters.
The second table is divided into 3 parts.
The first part shows words with the letter in the ‘beginning’.
The second part shows words with the letter in the ‘middle’.
The third part shows words with the letter in the ‘end’.
The third/last table gives a selection of random words from the second table
which should be used as a guide to analyse if the student has understood the
page or not.

It is important that the student is able to read the last table of every page
easily before moving to the next letter. This will ensure that the student is
able to recognize the letter in its different forms and will build fluency in
reading especially when other concepts are introduced such as kasra,
dhamma, sukun.

There are 6 letters known as ‘Non Joining letters’. These letters do not join to
other letters but allow other letters to join onto them – they only join at the
end of the word eg

Page 7 

‫ﻧﻮ ﺣﺎ‬

This is covered on Page 19.

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Teachers Tips :

‫ب‬

The boat family consists of
To differentiate them from

‫ف‬

‫ت‬

‫ث‬

‫ق‬

and

‫ن‬

‫ي‬

is to tell the student that these two

letters have a loop at the top.

________________________________________________________________
Tail letters are

‫ل ق ف ظ ط غ ع ض ص ش س خ ح ج‬

The tail stretches out to join hands with the next letter eg

‫ﺧﻞ‬

‫ﺻﻲ‬

‫ﻋﻢ‬

________________________________________________________________

‫د‬

The letters

and

‫ذ‬

sit up straight when another letter joins them

‫ﺣﺬ ﺗﺪ‬

________________________________________________________________
For the letter

‫ك‬

so it becomes

‫ک‬

, take the baby from the middle and make it bigger to help the letter join
eg

‫ﻛﻦ‬, ‫ﻛﻒ‬

________________________________________________________________
The letter

‫ء‬

likes to be carried by

‫ﺄ‬

‫ﺆ‬

or

‫ﺊ‬

on a chair

‫ﺋﺐ‬

‫ﺋﻖ‬

___________________________________________________________________________
The letter ‘ha’

‫ ہ‬when joined in the beginning changes its shape to ‫ھ‬

(ha wearing

glasses).
When it is in the middle of a word, it changes its shape to a

‫ﻬ‬

When it has 2 dots at the top, it becomes ‘TA’ (Ta marbuta)

‫ﺔ‬

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(butterfly ‘ha’)

Page 8

qfatima.com‬‬ ‫ﺗَ َﻖ ﺑ َ َﺮ ﺛَ َﺮ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺑَﺜ َ َﺮ‬ ‫َﻣﺜ ََ‬ ‫َﻣﺜ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﺛَﺘ َ َﻮ‬ ‫ﺛ ََﺖ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﺑَ َ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫َﻣﺜ ََ‬ ‫ﺛَ َﻖ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﻣﺒ َ َ‬ ‫‪Page 9‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪Beginning‬‬ ‫‪Middle‬‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫َب‬ ‫َت‬ ‫ﺑَ‬ ‫ﺒَ‬ ‫ﺐَ‬ ‫ﺗَ‬ ‫ﺘَ‬ ‫ﺖَ‬ ‫َث‬ ‫ﺛَ‬ ‫ﺜَ‬ ‫ﺚَ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻦ‬ ‫ﺗَﺒ َ َﻮ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﻣﺒ َ َ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺑَ َ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺗَ َ‬ ‫ﺑَ‪َ َ I‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﺗَ‪َ َ I‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺗَ َ‬ ‫ﱭ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ََ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫َﻣﺘ َ َ‬ ‫َﺐ‬ ‫ﺛ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﺑَ َ‬ ‫ﺗَ َﻖ‬ ‫ﺛَ َﻮ‬ ‫ﺛَ َﻮ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺗَﺜ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﺑَﺒ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﻣ َ‬ ‫ﺑَﺜ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﺗَﺜ َ َﻞ‬ ‫‪www.

com‬‬ ‫‬ .qfatima.‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪Beginning‬‬ ‫‪Middle‬‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫َن‬ ‫َي‬ ‫ﻧَ‬ ‫ﻨَ‬ ‫ﻦَ‬ ‫ﻳَ‬ ‫ﻴَ‬ ‫ﻲَ‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﻮ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﺑَﻨ َ َ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﺑَﻴ َ َ‬ ‫َﱳ‬ ‫ﺛ ََ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺗَ ََ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﺪ‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﲑ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ََ‬ ‫ﲏ‬ ‫َﻣ ََ‬ ‫ﱵ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ََ‬ ‫ﲏ‬ ‫َﺳ ََ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﻢ ﻳ َ َﻞ ﻳ َ َﻦ‬ ‫ﺗَﻨ َ َﻂ‬ ‫ﺗَﻨ َ َﻦ‬ ‫َﻣ‪َ َ O‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﲑ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﻧ َ ََ‬ ‫ﺗَ َ َ‬ ‫َﻣﺜ َ َﻲ‬ ‫َﱳ‬ ‫ﺗَﺒ َ َﻲ‬ ‫ﺛ ََ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﺮ َل‬ ‫ﺛَﻨ َ َﻦ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ََ‬ ‫ﲏ‬ ‫َﻣ ََ‬ ‫ﲏ‬ ‫ﺗَ ََ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺜﻨﺘﻴﺜﻴﻨﺒﺘﺜﻨﺘﺒﺜﻴﻨﺜﻴﺘ‪U‬ﻨﺐ‬ ‫ﰐ‬ ‫ََ‬ ‫‪Page 10‬‬ ‫ﺛَ َﻲ‬ ‫َﱐ َ‬ ‫َﰊ َ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﻲ‬ ‫‪www.

com‬‬ ‫‪Page 11‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪Beginning‬‬ ‫‪Middle‬‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫َج‬ ‫ﺟَ‬ ‫ﺠَ‬ ‫ﺞَ‬ ‫َح‬ ‫َخ‬ ‫ﺣَ‬ ‫ﺤَ‬ ‫ﺢَ‬ ‫ﺧَ‬ ‫ﺨَ‬ ‫ﺦَ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﺟ َ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺶ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫َﺟ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻞ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺲ‬ ‫َﺧ َﺲ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻂ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﺣ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َﻦ‬ ‫ﻳَﺤَﻄَ‬ ‫ﻣَﺨَﺖَ‬ ‫ﻣَﺠَﺐَ‬ ‫ﻧَﺨَﺐَ‬ ‫ﻣَﺨَﺚَ‬ ‫ﺗَﺠَﺐَ‬ ‫ﻣَﺨَﺪَ‬ ‫ﺗَﺠَﺪَ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺤ َﻢ‬ ‫ﺑَﺨَﻞَ‬ ‫ﻧَﺘ َ َﺢ‬ ‫َﻣﻨ َ َﺞ‬ ‫َﻣﻴ َ َﺞ‬ ‫ﺑَﻴ َ َﺦ‬ ‫ﻧَﺒ َ َﺦ‬ ‫ﺗَ َﺪ َح‬ ‫ﻳَﺒ َ َﺞ‬ ‫َﻣﺒ َ َﺞ‬ ‫َﻣﺘ َ َﺦ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺦ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺶ‬ ‫ﺑَﺨَﻞَ‬ ‫ﺑَﻴ َ َﺦ‬ ‫َﺣﺒ َ َﻲ‬ ‫ﻳَﺒ َ َﺞ‬ ‫‪www.qfatima.

‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪Beginning‬‬ ‫‪Middle‬‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫َس‬ ‫ش‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺳَ‬ ‫ﺴَ‬ ‫ﺲَ‬ ‫ﺷَ‬ ‫ﺸَ‬ ‫ﺶَ‬ ‫َﺷﺒ َ َﻞ‬ ‫َﺷﻨ َ َﺪ‬ ‫َﺳ َﺠ َﺪ‬ ‫ﱵ‬ ‫َﺷ ََ‬ ‫َﺳﻨ َ َﺦ‬ ‫ﲑ‬ ‫َﺳ ََ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺸ َﻦ‬ ‫ﺗَ َﺸ َﻞ‬ ‫ﻳَ‪َ َ O‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﺗَ‪َ َ O‬ﺶ‬ ‫َﻣ َﺴ َﺢ‬ ‫ﺗَ‪َ َ I‬ﺶ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺸ َﻦ‬ ‫َﺣ‪َ َ I‬ﺶ‬ ‫ﺑَ‪َ َ U‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﺑَ‪َ َ O‬ﺶ‬ ‫َﺳ َﺠ َﺪ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺸ َﻦ‬ ‫َﺣ َﺴ َﺪ‬ ‫َﺧ َﺸ َﻞ‬ ‫‪Page 12‬‬ ‫ﺑَ‪َ َ U‬ﺲ‬ ‫َﺷ َﺠ َﺮ◌‬ ‫ﲔ◌‬ ‫َﺷ َ َ‬ ‫ﱪ‬ ‫َﺷ ََ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﺴ َﻂ‬ ‫َﺳﺘ َ َﻞ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺸ َﺲ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﺴ َﺞ‬ ‫ﺑَ‪َ َ O‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺛ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻣ‪َ َ U‬ﺲ‬ ‫َﺟ‪َ َ g‬ﺶ‬ ‫ﺑَ‪َ َ g‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﱪ‬ ‫َﺷ ََ‬ ‫َﻣ‪َ َ U‬ﺲ‬ ‫‪www.com‬‬ ‫‬ .qfatima.

com‬‬ ‫‪Page 13‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪Beginning‬‬ ‫‪Middle‬‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫َص‬ ‫ﺻَ‬ ‫ﺼَ‬ ‫ﺺَ‬ ‫َض‬ ‫ﺿَ‬ ‫ﻀَ‬ ‫ﺾَ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺻ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َﺻ َﺢ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻀ َﻦ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﺼ َﺮ‬ ‫ﺛ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﺒ‬ ‫ﺛ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َﺿ َﻂ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺿ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﺼ َﺮ‬ ‫َﺿ َﻦ‬ ‫ﺻ َﺮ‬ ‫َﺻ َﻮ‬ ‫َﺿ َﻮ‬ ‫َﺣ َﻀ َﺮ‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﻀ َﺮ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﺣ َﻀ َ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﲢ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﻞ◌‬ ‫َﺻ َ‬ ‫َﺿ َﺪ‬ ‫َﻣ َﻀ َﻮ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﻣ َﺼ َ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﺼ َﺞ‬ ‫َﺣ َﻀ َﻞ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫ََ َ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫َ َ َ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺻ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻀ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻀ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺻ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫ﺢ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ََ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫‪www.qfatima.

com‬‬ ‫‬ .qfatima.‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪Beginning‬‬ ‫‪Middle‬‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫َط‬ ‫ﻃَ‬ ‫ﻄَ‬ ‫ﻂَ‬ ‫َظ‬ ‫ﻇَ‬ ‫ﻈَ‬ ‫ﻆَ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻃ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َﻇ َﺢ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻇ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َﻃ‪َ َ U‬ﺶ‬ ‫َﺷ َﻈ َﺞ‬ ‫َﺻ َﻈ َﺢ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻄ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﺳ َﻄ َ‬ ‫ﺗَ َﺸﻆ‬ ‫ﺑَﻨ َ َﻆ‬ ‫َﺻﻨ َ َﻂ‬ ‫َﺷ َﻀ َﻂ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﺼ َﻆ ﺑ َ َﻈ َﻦ‬ ‫‪Page 14‬‬ ‫ﲏ‬ ‫َﻇ ََ‬ ‫َﺣ َﻈ َﺮ‬ ‫ﺗَ َﻄ َﻦ‬ ‫َﺧ َﺸ َﻂ‬ ‫َﺳ َﺤ َﻆ‬ ‫َﻇ َﺴ َﺦ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻃ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َﻇ َﺸ َﻲ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﻄ َ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻈ َﻦ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻄ َﺮ‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﻈ َﺲ‬ ‫َﺣﺒ َ َﻆ‬ ‫َﺧﺘ َ َﻂ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﺸ َﻂ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﺼ َﻆ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻇ‬ ‫ﺖ َﻇ َﺴ َﺦ‬ ‫ﻄ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﺧﺘ َ َﻂ َ َ َ َ‬ ‫‪www.

‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪Beginning‬‬ ‫‪Middle‬‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫عَ‬ ‫ﻋَ‬ ‫ﻌَ‬ ‫ﻊَ‬ ‫غَ‬ ‫ﻏَ‬ ‫ﻐَ‬ ‫ﻎَ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻏ َﻀ َﻦ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﻳَﻐ َ َ‬ ‫ﺑَﻌَ َﺲ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻊ‬ ‫َﺷﺘ َ َﻊ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫َﻏ َ‬ ‫ﻋَ َﺸ َﻲ‬ ‫َﺿﻐ َ َﻂ‬ ‫ﻐ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻃ َﻎ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺴ َﻊ‬ ‫‪َ َ Iَv‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻏ‬ ‫ََ َ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﻋَ َﺠ َ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻏ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َﺻﻐ َ َﻲ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫َﺷﻐ َ َ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺸ َﻎ‬ ‫ﺗَﻌَ َﺞ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺛ ََﻀ َﻎ‬ ‫َﻃﻴ َ َﻊ‬ ‫َﻏﺘ‬ ‫ﺺ َﺟ َﺴ َﻊ َﺿﻐ َ َﻂ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻀ َﻎ‬ ‫ﻧَﺒ َ َﺢ ﻋَ َﺸ َﻲ‬ ‫‪www.qfatima.com‬‬ ‫َﻏ َﻈ َﻦ‬ ‫ﻋَ َﻄ َﺶ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َﻇﻌَ َﺦ‬ ‫ﻧَﺒ َ َﺢ‬ ‫َﺣﺒ َ َﻎ‬ ‫ﺑَﻐ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫‪Page 15‬‬ ‫‬ .

qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪Beginning‬‬ ‫‪Middle‬‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫َف‬ ‫ﻓَ‬ ‫ﻔَ‬ ‫ﻒَ‬ ‫َق‬ ‫ﻗَ‬ ‫ﻘَ‬ ‫ﻖَ‬ ‫ﻗَ‪َ َ I‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺼ َﺶ‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﻔ َﺦ‬ ‫َﺧﻘَ َﻦ‬ ‫َﺻ َﺤ َﻒ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻔ َﻖ‬ ‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﻓَﺘ َ َﻎ‬ ‫َﺳﻘَ َﻂ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﻔ َ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﻔ َﺖ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻔ َﻂ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻀ َﻖ‬ ‫ﺛ ََﻄ َﻒ‬ ‫َﲝ َ َﻒ‬ ‫َﺳ َﺠ َﻒ ﻧَﻘ ََﻲ‬ ‫‪Page 16‬‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﻓَﻌَ َ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺨ َﻊ‬ ‫َﺳ َﺠ َﻒ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺼ َﺶ‬ ‫ﻳَﻌَ َﻒ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﻗَ ََ‬ ‫ﻓَ‪َ َ I‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﻄ َﺢ‬ ‫ﻗَﻨ َ َﺞ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﺧﻘَ َ‬ ‫ﻧَﻘ ََﻲ‬ ‫َﺷ َﻔ َﻖ‬ ‫ﺑَﻘَ َﺢ‬ ‫َﲝ َ َﻖ‬ ‫َﺣﻴ َ َﻖ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻔ َﻂ‬ ‫َﺷﻴ َ َﻖ‬ ‫ﻳَﻌَ َﻒ‬ ‫ﺚ‬ ‫ﻓَﻌَ َ‬ ‫‪www.

qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‪Page 17‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪Beginning‬‬ ‫ك‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﻛَ‬ ‫لَ‬ ‫ﻟَ‬ ‫‪Middle‬‬ ‫َ◌ﻜ‬ ‫ﻚَ‬ ‫ﻠَ‬ ‫ﻛ ََﻦ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﻀ َﻎ‬ ‫ﻟَﺒ َ َﺢ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﻛ َﺤ َ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﻜ َﻎ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﺳ َﻜ َﻦ‬ ‫€َﻠ َ َﻒ‬ ‫ﺛَﻠ َ َﻒ‬ ‫‪َv‬ﻠ ََﺶ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫َﻇﻨ َ َ‬ ‫َﺣ َﺼ َﻞ‬ ‫َﺳﺘ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﻳ َﻐ َ َ‬ ‫َﺧﺒ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﺴ َ‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﻄ َﻒ‬ ‫ﻟَﺜ َ َﻊ‬ ‫ﻞَ‬ ‫َﻛ َﺸ َﻎ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫َﻛ ََ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﻔ َﻆ‬ ‫َﻛﻐ َ َﺲ‬ ‫َﺟﻠ ََﺲ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻜ َﺶ‬ ‫َﺳ َﻜ َﻲ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻈ َ‬ ‫‪َv‬ﻠ ََﺞ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫َﺟﻴ َ َ‬ ‫ﻗَﺘ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﻓَﻌَ َﻞ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫‪v‬‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻛ‬ ‫َﺶ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﻈ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﺣ َﺼ َﻞ €َﻠ َ َﻞ َ َ َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫‪www.

‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪Beginning‬‬ ‫‪Middle‬‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫َم‬ ‫◌َ‬ ‫َ◌ﻣ‬ ‫ﻤَ‬ ‫ﻢَ‬ ‫ﻫَ‬ ‫ﻬَ‬ ‫ﻪَ‬ ‫ﺔَ‬ ‫◌َ‬ ‫َﻣﺜ َ َﺢ‬ ‫ﻈ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َﻣﻠ َ َﻲ‬ ‫َﻣﻠ َ َﺦ‬ ‫َﻫ َﺸ َﻊ‬ ‫ﺑَﻬَﻚَ‬ ‫ﺻَﻤَﺖَ‬ ‫ﻇَﻬَﺐَ‬ ‫َﻣﻨ َ َﻎ‬ ‫َﻫ َﺨ َﻞ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫َﻫ َﻀ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ﺣَﻤَﻞَ ﻗَﻬَﻈَ‬ ‫ﺷَﻤَﻚَ‬ ‫ﺛَﻬَﻂَ‬ ‫ﻟَﻤَﺖَ‬ ‫ﻟَﻬَﻚَ‬ ‫ﺑَﻬَﻒَ‬ ‫َﻫ َﻀ َﻢ‬ ‫ﻣَﻨَﺔَ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻈ َﻪ‬ ‫ﻏَﺸَﻢَ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﻜ َﻪ‬ ‫ﻛَﻠَﻪَ‬ ‫€َﻠ َ َﻢ‬ ‫ﺷَﻔَﺔَ‬ ‫ﺛَﻬَ َﻂ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫َﻫ َﻀ َ‬ ‫ﺑَﻘَﺔَ‬ ‫ﺟَﺘَﻪَ‬ ‫ﺑَﻘَﺔَ‬ ‫‪Page 18‬‬ ‫َﻣﻠ َ َﺦ‬ ‫ﺷَﻔَﺔَ‬ ‫َﻫ َﻀ َﻢ‬ ‫‪www.com‬‬ ‫‬ .qfatima.

com‬‬ ‫ﺬَ‬ ‫َ◌‬ ‫ﺮَ‬ ‫ﺰَ‬ ‫ﻮَ‬ ‫‪Page 19‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫ ‪LETTERS THAT DO NOT JOIN‬‬‫‪NON-JOINING LETTERS‬‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا د ذ ر ز‬ ‫‪Letter‬‬ ‫‪End‬‬ ‫ﺑَﺎ َ „َﺎ َ َﺣﺎ َ َﺷﺎ َ ﻟ َ َﺶ َﺳﻠ َ َﻢ‬ ‫ﺖ ﻫَ َﺌﻒَ ﺋَﻜَﺔَ‬ ‫ﺋَﻪَ ﺋَﻢَ ﺋَ َ‬ ‫اَ‬ ‫ﺎَ‬ ‫ﺋَ‬ ‫ﺿَﺪَ َب‬ ‫َﻃ َﺬ َق‬ ‫دَ‬ ‫ذَ‬ ‫ءَ‬ ‫ﺪَ‬ ‫ﻋَﺪَ‬ ‫ﻓَﺪَ‬ ‫ﻃَﺪَ‬ ‫َﺷ َﺬ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺬ‬ ‫„ َ َﺬ‬ ‫َﺟ َﺮ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﺰ‬ ‫َﺿ َﺮ‬ ‫َﻃ َﺰ‬ ‫َﻣ َﺮ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺰ‬ ‫َﻛ َﻮ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﻮ‬ ‫َﻏ َﻮ‬ ‫َﻫ َﺮ َل‬ ‫َح َﺳ َﺰ زَ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﻮ َظ َو‬ ‫‪www.qfatima.

qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪EXERCISE PAGE‬‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﻞ‬ ‫َو َﺟ َﺪ‬ ‫َﺳﻨ َ َﻦ‬ ‫َﺟﻠ ََﺲ‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﺬغَ‬ ‫َمﻼَ‬ ‫ﻫَﺌَﻒَ‬ ‫َﻫ َﻲ‬ ‫ﺋَﺴَﻂَ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﺨ َﻲ‬ ‫ﺋَﻄَﻒَ‬ ‫َﲝ َ َﺲ‬ ‫‪Page 20‬‬ ‫َﻻ َ‬ ‫ﺑَﻬَ َﻲ‬ ‫ﻟَﻠ َ َﻢ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﻄ َﻒ‬ ‫ﲏ‬ ‫َﻣ ََ‬ ‫َ◌ َﻻ◌‬ ‫€ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﲑ َ‬ ‫َﺧﻠ َ َﻖ‬ ‫َﺻ َﺤ َﻒ‬ ‫€َﺎ َ‬ ‫ﻟَﻼَ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﺸﺎ َ‬ ‫ﺋَﻜَﺔَ‬ ‫ﻗَﻨَﺎ َ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺪ َس‬ ‫َﻣﻜ ََﺮ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﻀ َﺔ‬ ‫َﻣﺜ َ َﻞ‬ ‫َ◌ﻻ َ◌‬ ‫َﺻ َﺬعَ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﺑَﻬَ َ‬ ‫َﺟ‪َ َ O‬ﺶ‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﺮذَ‬ ‫َو‪َ َ v‬ﺪ‬ ‫زَ َﺣ َﻢ‬ ‫دَﻓَ َﻊ‬ ‫َﻫﺒ َ َﺬ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﻼ َ َ◌ﻻ‬ ‫َﺣﻜ ََﻮ‬ ‫َﺷﺒ َ َﻪ‬ ‫َﳓ َ َﻮ‬ ‫َﻣﻠ َ َﻮ ‪َv‬ﻠ َ َﺮ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻀ َﺔ €َﺎ َ َض‬ ‫َﱐ َ‬ ‫َﲡَ َﺮ َﳓ َ َﻒ‬ ‫ﺐ َﳚ َ َﻞ َﲞ َ َﺲ‬ ‫ﲪ‬ ‫ََ َ‬ ‫‪www.

It should not be elongated to ‘ee’ as in eel. fit.qfatima. Introduce the haraka one at a time. bull. you smile and say ‘Ee’. It is a short vowel ‘U’ as it sounds in full. Asgher. Kasra and Dhamma.  FATHA. It should not to elongated to ‘oo’ as in fool. drawing them on top of the letters. It should not be pronounced as the ‘Aa’ in Africa. feel. far. under or the ‘A’ as it sounds in Anwer. cool. It is a short vowel whose sound is ‘U’ as it sounds in umbrella. Kasra and Dhamma.com . It can also be explained as a ‘Round mouth’ – when going round the roundabout. Dhamma Introduce Dhamma as a small comma above the letter. beet. KASRA AND DHAMMA There are 3 short vowels in Arabic : they are called ‘haraka’ – Fatha. Page 21  www. pull. you say ‘Oo’. Do not rush. Use the 3 boxes for explaining Fatha. tool. It can also be explained as a ‘Smiley face’ – when going down the slide. Take as much time as necessary. Kasra Introduce Kasra as being a small slanting stroke below the letter. Fatha A small slanting stroke above the letter. sit. It is again a short vowel whose sound is ‘I’ as it sounds in: it. bit.

KASRA & DHAMMA‬‬ ‫‪Place the haraka of your choice on the words below and see if you can read them‬‬ ‫ﱪ ﻋَ َﺠ َﻪ‬ ‫ﻟََ َ‬ ‫ﺛﻌﺪ ﺣﻜﻎ‬ ‫َﻇﺘ َ َﻢ َﻏ َﺤ َﺲ‬ ‫ﻓﺨﺬ ﻧﻤﻒ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺸ َﻞ ﻳ َ َﻀ َﻂ‬ ‫ﻃﺴﺞ ﺿﺘﺦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻖ‬ ‫ﺋﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺌﻦ‬ ‫ﻟِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ﱪ ِﻋ ِﺠ ِﻪ‬ ‫ِﻇﺘِ ِﻢ ِﻏ ِﺤ ِﺲ‬ ‫ﻗِ ِﺸ ِﻞ‬ ‫ِﻳ ِﻀ ِﻂ‬ ‫ﺛﻌﺪ ﺣﻜﻎ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻒ‬ ‫ﻃﺴﺞ‬ ‫ﺿﺘﺦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻖ‬ ‫ﺋﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺌﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻚ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﺻﻈﻒ‬ ‫ﻓﺨﺬ‬ ‫ﺻﻈﻒ‬ ‫ﱪ ُﻋ ُﺠ ُﻪ‬ ‫ﻟ ُ ُُ‬ ‫ﺛﻌﺪ ﺣﻜﻎ‬ ‫ُﻇﺘُ ُﻢ ُﻏ ُﺤ ُﺲ‬ ‫ﻓﺨﺬ ﻧﻤﻒ‬ ‫ُﻗ ُﺸ ُﻞ ﻳُ ُﻀ ُﻂ‬ ‫ﻃﺴﺞ ﺿﺘﺦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻖ‬ ‫ﻫﺌﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻚ‬ ‫‪Page 22‬‬ ‫ﺻﻈﻒ‬ ‫ﺋﻜﺔ‬ ‫‪www.‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪FATHA.qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‬ .

com‬‬ ‫ﺑ َ ُﻪ‬ ‫ُﺗ ِﺰ‬ ‫ِﺧ ُﺔ‬ ‫ﺛِ َﺢ‬ ‫َﻫ َﻂ‬ ‫ﻧ ُ ِﺲ‬ ‫َﻻُ‬ ‫ﺋَﻞِ‬ ‫ﺋِﻞَ‬ ‫ِﺋ ُﻆ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺋ‬ ‫ُ َ‬ ‫ِﻛ ُﻲ‬ ‫ا ََف‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﻳَ ُ‬ ‫ﻟُ ِ‬ ‫ﻒ‬ ‫‪Page 23‬‬ ‫‬ .qfatima.‫‬ ‫‬ ‫ﺑِ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ُﺔ‬ ‫ﻓِ َﺮ‬ ‫ِﺧ ُﻲ‬ ‫ﻟ ُ ِﺬ‬ ‫ِﺟﺎُ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﻪ‬ ‫ُﺑ ِﺔ‬ ‫ُﺑ ُﻪ‬ ‫ﺑِﺔَ‬ ‫ُﻓ ِﺮ‬ ‫ﻓَ ُﺮ‬ ‫ِﺧ َﻲ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﺬ‬ ‫َﺟﺎِ‬ ‫ُﺧ َﻲ‬ ‫ﻟ ِ ُﺬ‬ ‫ِﺧﺎُ‬ ‫€ُ ِﻞ‬ ‫€ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﰊ‬ ‫َِ‬ ‫ِ ُﱄ‬ ‫اُ َم‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﻞ‬ ‫ﻟ ُ َﻢ‬ ‫ِﱄُ‬ ‫ُر ُز‬ ‫َو ُء‬ ‫ﺑِ َﻪ‬ ‫ﺗَ ُﺰ‬ ‫َﺧ ُﺔ‬ ‫ﺛَ ُﺢ‬ ‫ُﻫ ِﻂ‬ ‫ُﺑ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﺗِ َﺰ‬ ‫ُﺧ ِﺔ‬ ‫ُﺛ ِﺢ‬ ‫ِﻫ ُﻂ‬ ‫ﻧ َ ُﺲ ﻧِ َﺲ‬ ‫اِ َل‬ ‫ِ€ ُﻞ‬ ‫ﻛَﺎَ‬ ‫ِ َﰲ‬ ‫اِ ُم‬ ‫ﻳ َ ُﺖ‬ ‫ُﺳ ُﺮ‬ ‫ا َُه‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺋ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﰐ‬ ‫َِ‬ ‫ﻓِ ِﺶ‬ ‫‪www.

qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫ﻓَ َﺠ َﺮ‬ ‫َﺷﻜ ََﺮ‬ ‫ﻓِ ِﺠ ِﺮ‬ ‫ِر ِﻫ ِ‬ ‫ﻒ‬ ‫ﻗَ‪َ َ I‬ﺲ‬ ‫ﺑِﻠِ ِﺰ‬ ‫ﻗَ ُﺮ َب‬ ‫ﻗَ ُﺪ َس‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﺼ ُﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻠ ُ ِ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َر ُﻫ َﻒ‬ ‫ُﺧﻠِ َﻖ‬ ‫ﻧ ُ ِﻔ َﺦ‬ ‫ﻓَﺘِ ُﺢ‬ ‫ُﻫ ِﺪ َي‬ ‫ُﻋﻘَ ِﺪ‬ ‫‪Page 24‬‬ ‫ُﻗﺘِ َﻞ‬ ‫َﺻﻐُ َﺮ‬ ‫ﻋَ ُﺠ َﺮ‬ ‫ُﺷ ُﻜ ُﺮ‬ ‫اُ َﺧ َﺮ‬ ‫َﻏ ِﺸ َﻲ‬ ‫ُﻓ ُﺠ ُﺮ‬ ‫َﺿﻐ َ َﻂ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﺠ ُﺮ‬ ‫َﺧ َﺪ َم‬ ‫ُﻓ ِﺠ َﺮ‬ ‫ﺛِﺒِ ِﺖ‬ ‫ُﻣﻐُ ُﺶ‬ ‫َﺷ ُﺠ َﻊ‬ ‫ُﺑ ُﺼ ُﺮ‬ ‫ﱪ‬ ‫َﻛ َُ‬ ‫َﺷ ُﺤ َﻢ‬ ‫ُﺳﺌِ َﻞ‬ ‫ُﺳ ِﻄ َﺢ‬ ‫ُﻛﺘُ ِﺐ‬ ‫َﺟ ُﺪ َل‬ ‫َﺳ ُﻬ َﻞ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ُﻌ َﺪ‬ ‫ﻣَﻠَﺎِ‬ ‫ﻧُﻜِﺎِ‬ ‫َﻛ ُﺮ َم‬ ‫ﻧ َ ُﻀ َﻒ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﻼ َ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﺮ ُض‬ ‫ُﺧ ِﻔ َﻲ‬ ‫ُﺳﺌِ َﻞ ﺟُﻤِﻌَﺖُ‬ ‫ُﻛﺘُ ُﺐ‬ ‫َﺿ ُﻤ َﺮ‬ ‫ُﻗﺒِ َﺢ‬ ‫ا َ ِد ُب‬ ‫„َﻠ ُ َﻆ‬ ‫َﺻ َﺪ َق‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ﺑِﻴَﺪِ َ‬ ‫‪www.

The sukun can only be read joined with the previous letter with a haraka – fatha.  SUKUN The ‘Sukun’ is a semi circle above a letter. A word can never begin with a sukun. kasra or dhamma.qfatima. It shows that the letter has no vowel and only the phonetic sound of the letter should be pronounced. ‫ﺑ َ ْﻦ‬ ‫َﺳ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ْﻞ‬ ‫َﺳ ْﻒ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ َْ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ْ ‫َﻃ‬ ‫َل‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ْ ‫َﺟ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ْﺬ‬ ‫َﻇ ْﺪ‬ ‫ َ ْﺪ‬v ‫َﻇ ْﻢ‬ ‫ذَ ْل‬ ‫َﻃ ْﻞ‬ ‫دَ ْم‬ ‫َﻃ ْﻒ‬ ‫ﻧ َ ْﻢ‬ ‫َﻛ ْﺮ‬ ‫َﺳ ْﻞ‬ ‫€ َ ْﻞ‬ ‫َﻣ ْﻦ‬ ‫ﺗَ ْﻞ‬ ‫ا َْن‬ ‫َﻣ ْﻞ‬ ‫َﻣ ْﺖ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ْﻞ‬ ‫َﺣ ْﺖ‬ ْ‫ﺳَﺪ‬ ‫َﺟ ْﺖ‬ ‫َﺟ ْﺮ‬ ‫َﻫ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺶ‬ ْ َ ْ Page 25  www.com ‫ا َْب‬ َ‫ا‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ْ ‫ﺐ َﺷ‬ ْ ‫َﺧ‬ ‫ﻟ َ ْﻢ‬ ‫َﺷ ْﻢ‬ ‫َﺿ ْﺮ‬ ‫َﺣ ْﻦ‬ ‫َﺻ ْﺖ‬ ‫َﺣ ْﺞ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ْﻞ‬ ‫ﻧ َ ْﺮ‬ ‫ﻳ َ ْﻖ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ْﺮ‬ ‫ﺗَ ْﻪ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ْﻪ‬ .

qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫ا َْب‬ ‫ا َْن‬ ‫اِ ْب‬ ‫اِ ْن‬ ‫دَ ْس‬ ‫َﺟ ْﺮ‬ ‫ِﻛ ْﺮ‬ ‫َﺣ ْﺰ‬ ‫ُﻛ ْﺮ‬ ‫ِﺣ ْﺰ‬ ‫ِد ْس‬ ‫ِﺟ ْﺮ‬ ‫اُ ْب‬ ‫اُ ْن‬ ‫ُد ْس‬ ‫ُﺟ ْﺮ‬ ‫ِﺳ ْﻦ‬ ‫ُﺣ ْﺰ‬ ‫ا َْت‬ ‫ﺑ َ ْﻞ‬ ‫َو ْل‬ ‫َﻣ ْﺦ‬ ‫ُﺳ ْﻦ‬ ‫ُﻫ ْﻒ‬ ‫ِﻃ ْﻦ‬ ‫ِﺧ ْﻢ‬ ‫ُﺣ ْﺮ‬ ‫ُﺣ ْﺪ‬ ‫ُﺑ ْﺰ ُﺗ ْﺰ‬ ‫ِﻫ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﻗِ ْﻢ‬ ‫ُﻗ ْﻢ‬ ‫ِﺳ ْﺞ‬ ‫ِﺿ ْﻒ‬ ‫ُﺻ ْﺪ‬ ‫ُﻏ ْﺮ ﺑِ ْﺖ‬ ‫ُﻗ ْﺰ‬ ‫ﻟ َ ْﻢ‬ ‫ُﺿ ْﻊ‬ ‫اُدْ‬ ‫ُﺗ ْﻢ‬ ‫‪Page 26‬‬ ‫ُﺻ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﻞ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫اِ ْت‬ ‫ﺑِ ْﻞ‬ ‫ِو ْل‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﺦ‬ ‫ِﺳ ْﺪ‬ ‫ُﺧ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﺑِ ْﻞ‬ ‫ِﻫ ْﺞ‬ ‫‪ْ ُv‬ﺬ‬ ‫ِﻇ ْﻢ‬ ‫ِز ْن‬ ‫اُ ْت‬ ‫ُﺑ ْﻞ‬ ‫ُو ْل‬ ‫ُﻣ ْﺦ‬ ‫َﺳ ْﺪ‬ ‫اُذْ‬ ‫ُﺑ ْﻞ‬ ‫ُﻫ ْﺞ‬ ‫ُﻗ ْﻞ‬ ‫ُﻛ ْﻦ‬ ‫ِﺳ ْﺮ‬ ‫‪www.

‫ُﺗ ْﻢ‬ ‫ِﻳ ْﻪ‬ ‫ِﻣ ِﺶ‬ ‫ُﺗ ُﻢ‬ ‫ِﻳ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﻓِ ْﻞ‬ ‫ﻓِ َﻞ‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﺶ‬ ‫ُو ْه‬ ْ ‫ِﱄ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ْ َ ‫ﺖ‬ َ َ‫ﻟ‬ ‫َﻛ ْﻢ‬ ‫ُو ُه‬ ‫ﻟ َ ْﺖ‬ Page 27  ‫€ُ ْﻞ‬ www.qfatima.sukun and sukun letters in words. However most students will forget to pronounce a basic word with the same 2 harakas such as 2 fathas or 2 dhammas as individual letters that are not joined.com ‫َﻣ ْﺪ‬ ‫ﺋ َْﻦ‬ ‫َﻣ َﺪ‬ ‫ﺋ ََﻦ‬ ‫َﺧ ْﻢ‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ‬ ‫َﺧ َﻢ‬ ‫َﻣ ْﻦ‬ . They will easily join the letters that have a ‘sukun’. They will tend to join the letters.  ‫ﻓِ ْﺶ‬ َ‫ﻟَﻄُﻒ‬ ‫َﺳ ْﺮدَ ْه‬ ‫َﻣ ْﺸ ِﺮ ْق‬ ‫ُﺑ ْﺮﻗَ ْﻊ‬ ‫َو ْن‬ ‫اَﻟ َ ْﻢ‬ ْ ‫َر ْج‬ ‫اُ ِﻣ َﻞ‬ ِ ‫اِ ْﺻ‬ ‫ﱪ‬ ْ ‫اَﻟْﻘَ ْﺖ‬ ‫ﺗِﻠ ْ َﲑ‬ ‫ُو ْه‬ ‫ِذ ْه‬ ‫ﻚ‬ َ َ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ُﻫ ْﻢ‬ ْ‫ﻟَﻬُﻢ‬ ‫ُﺑﻠْﺒ ُ ْﻞ‬ ‫اَﻧ ْ ِﺰ ْل‬ ‫اَﻗْﺘُ ْﻞ‬ ‫َﺧﻨْ َﺪ ْق‬ ‫ِزﻟْﺘُ ْﻢ‬ ‫دَ ْم‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ‬ ‫ﻓَﻬَ ْﻞ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ْ ‫ا َْﻣ ِﺴ‬ ‫ُﻗﻠْﺘُ ْﻢ‬ By now the student should be familiar with words that have ‘sukun’. The lines below will practice the concept of differentiating non.

qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫ﻗَﻠ َ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺪ ْم‬ ‫ِْ‬ ‫ﱪ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺗِ ُﺸ ْﺮ‬ ‫ﻟَﻬَﻢْ‬ ‫ﻗَ ْﺪ َم‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱪ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫َوزْ ُن‬ ‫ﻗﻠْﺘُ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﻓَﻬَ ْﻞ‬ ‫ﻗَ ُﺪ ْم‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱪ‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫ُُ‬ ‫َوزَ ْن‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﻜ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺪ َم‬ ‫ﺗَ َﺸ ْﺮ‬ ‫َﺟ ْﻔ َﻦ‬ ‫ِﻃ‪ْI‬ﺘُ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﻧَﻌْﺒُ ُﺪ‬ ‫َوﻋَ ْﻆ‬ ‫ﱪ‬ ‫َﺟ َ ْ‬ ‫ُﺗ ِﺸ ْﺮ‬ ‫ُﺟ ِﻔ ْﻦ‬ ‫ﻳَﻐ ْ ِﻔ ْﺮ‬ ‫اَﻧْﺘُ ْﻢ‬ ‫َﻣﻌَ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬ ‫اُﻧ ْ ِﺰ َل‬ ‫ك ﺗَ ْﺴ َﻤ ْﻊ‬ ‫ﻧ َ ْﺸ َﺮ ْح‬ ‫َﺻ ْﺪ َر َ‬ ‫ِﻣﻨْ ُﻬﻢ ا َْﻣ ِ‬ ‫ﻛ‬ ‫ُﻗﻠْﺘُ ْﻢ ﺗَﻌْﻠ َ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﺾ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ْ ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫َﻇ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ُ ْ‬ ‫ُْ ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ا َ ْﳊ َ ْﻤ ُﺪ ‪َv‬ﻠَﻴ ْ ِﻬ ْﻢ اَﻧْﻌَ ْﻤ َﺖ اُ ْﺳ ُﻜ ْﻦ َﻇﻠ َ ْﻤﺘُ ْﻢ‬ ‫اَﻧ ْ َﺬ َل ﻓَﺎ ْﺧ َﺮ َج ﻟِﺘ َ ْﻔ َ ِ‬ ‫ﱰ َي ﻳُ ْﺪ ِﺧﻠ ْ ُﻜ ْﻢ اَﻧ ْ ُﻔ ِﺴ ِﻬ ْﻢ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ﻚ َﺻ ْﺪ َر ْ‬ ‫اَﻟ َ ْﻢ ﻧ َ ْﺸ َﺮ ْح ﻟ َ َ‬ ‫‪Page 28‬‬ ‫‪www.

‫ب‬ ٰ = ‫ ا = ﺑ َﺎ‬+ ‫َب‬ ‫ف‬ ٰ = ‫ ا = ﻓ َﺎ‬+ ‫َف‬ Long Vowel Kasra A long vowel Kasra is written as a ‘ya with a sukun’ that is joined to the end of a letter or a vertical stroke below a letter. sounding like ‘oo’ eg full to fool. They lengthen the letter with the kasra to 2 harakaat (equals to about 2 I’s) .  LONG VOWELS Long Vowel Fatha A long vowel Fatha is written as an ‘alif’ joined to the end of a letter or a vertical stroke above a letter. They lengthen the letter with a fatha to 2 harakaat (equals to about 2 Aa’s) sounding like ‘aa’ eg burn to barn .qfatima. sounding like ‘ee’ eg bin to been. They lengthen the letter with a dhamma to 2 harakaat (equals to about 2 U’s) .com . ‫ ْو = ُﺑ ْﻮ = ٗب‬+ ‫ُب‬ ‫ ْو = ُﻗ ْﻮ = ٗق‬+ ‫ُق‬ Page 29  www. ‫ ْي = ِﰊ ْ = ٖب‬+ ‫ِب‬ ‫ ْي = ِﱄ ْ= ٖل‬+ ‫ِل‬ Long Vowel Dhamma A long vowel Dhamma is written as a ‘wa with a sukun’ that is joined to the end of a letter or an inverted dhamma above a letter. kip to keep. fur to far.

qfatima.‫‬ ‫‬ ‫ﺑَﺎ‬ ‫ﺗَﺎ‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﺳ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﺿ ْﻲ‬ ‫اُ ْو‬ ‫ُﺑ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﺗ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﺛ ْﻮ‬ ‫ﺑَﺎ‬ ‫ُﺟ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﺑ ْﻮ‬ ‫َﺟﺎ‬ ‫دَا‬ ‫ُر ْو‬ ‫ِﺷ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﻃ ْﻲ‬ ‫ُد ْو‬ ‫زَا‬ ‫ِﰊ ْ‬ ‫ِﺣ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِد ْي‬ ‫ِﰐ ْ‬ ‫‪Page 30‬‬ ‫ُﺻ ْﻮ‬ ‫َﻇﺎ‬ ‫َﺟﺎ‬ ‫ﺛَﺎ‬ ‫ِز ْي‬ ‫َﺻﺎ‬ ‫ُﻇ ْﻮ‬ ‫َﺣﺎ‬ ‫َﺧﺎ دَا‬ ‫ذَا‬ ‫ِﻛ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﻃ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِو ْي‬ ‫ُﺟ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﺣ ْﻮ‬ ‫ﺗَﺎ‬ ‫ُﺛ ْﻮ‬ ‫ِﺧ ْﻲ‬ ‫َﺣﺎ‬ ‫ذَ ا‬ ‫ِﺳ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﺿ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﻋ ْﻲ‬ ‫ُﺧ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُذ ْو‬ ‫َﺳﺎ‬ ‫ُﺿ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﻋ ْﻮ‬ ‫ِر ْي‬ ‫ُﺷ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﻃ ْﻮ‬ ‫„َﺎ‬ ‫‪www.com‬‬ ‫‬ .

qfatima. A ‫ و‬with a ‘sukun’ after the letter with a dhamma elongates the the dhamma to 2 harakaat ْ A eg boot. loot ‫َﻃ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﻃ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُد ْو َن‬ Page 31  ‫َﺣ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﺣ ْﻮ‬ ‫ا َْو َن‬ ‫ﻟ َ ْﻮ‬ ‫ﻟ ُ ْﻮ‬ ‫ﻧ َ ْﻮ‬ ‫ﻧ ُ ْﻮ‬ ‫ﻓَ ْﻮ َق‬ www.com ‫َﺳ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﺳ ْﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ َ ُﻘ ْﻮ‬ ‫ا َْو‬ ‫اُ ْو‬ ‫ﺑَﻨ َ ْﻮ‬ .  ‫ِﻛ ْﻲ‬ ْ ‫ِﱐ‬ ‫ﻳَﺎ‬ ‫ُﻗ ْﻮ‬ ‫ﻧ ُ ْﻮ‬ ‫ِﻳ ْﻲ‬ ْ ˜ِ ‫ِﻣ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﺋ ْﻲ‬ ‫ﻓَﺎ‬ ‫َﻣﺎ‬ ‫ُﻫ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﻓ ْﻮ‬ ‫َﻻ‬ ‫ِﻫ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﻏ ْﻲ‬ ْ ‫ِﱄ‬ ‫ُو ْو‬ ‫ ْو‬with a ‘sukun’ after a letter with a fatha produces the sound ‘aw’ eg Now.

‫ْي‬ after a letter with a kasra elongates the letter to 2 harakaat Aim A ‘sukun’ on the letter making ‘i’ into long vowel ‘ee’ eg slip to sleep.qfatima. ‫ﺎن‬ َ َ€ ‫َﺳ ْﻮ َف‬ ‫ﻗَ ْﻮ َم‬ ‫َوﻗِﻴ ْ َﻞ‬ ‫َﺣ ْﻮ َل‬ ‫اِذَا‬ ‫ا َ ِﻛﻴ ْ ُﺪ‬ ‫ُﺻ ْﻮ ِر‬ ‫ﲔ‬ َ ْ َ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻧ ُ ْﻮ ُح‬ ْ‫ِﰲ‬ ‫َﻛﻴ ْ َﻒ‬ ‫ﺎل‬ َ َ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻳ َ ْﻮ َم‬ ‫ُد ْو َن‬ ‫َو َﻣﺎ‬ َ ‫اَﻻ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ َْ ‫َرﻳ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ْﻮﻧَﺎ‬ www.  A ‘sukun’ on the letter ‫ْي‬ after a letter with a fatha produces the sound ‘ai’ as in Husain. fill to feel ‫ﻛَ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﻛ ْﻲ‬ ‫ا َِﺧﻴ ْ ِﻪ‬ ‫َﺿ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﺿ ْﻲ‬ ‫َﻏﻴ ْ ِﺐ‬ ‫َﺣ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﺣ ْﻲ‬ ْ‫َﰲ‬ ‫ِ ْﰲ‬ ‫َﻛﻴ ْ َﻒ‬ ْ ‫َﰊ‬ ْ ‫ِﰊ‬ ‫ﻓِﻴ ْ ِﻪ‬ ‫ا َْي‬ ‫اِ ْي‬ ‫ﲔ‬ َْ َ ‫ﺑ‬ The lines below gives practice to all the long vowel concepts introduced.com  ‫اَﻳ ْ َﻦ‬ Page 32 .

  Another way of writing ‘Long Vowel Fatha’ is a short ‘alif’ on top of the letter. It also lengthens the letter with the kasra to 2 harakaat. ‫ٖو‬ ‫ٖط‬ ‫ُﳛْ ٖﻲ ُﳛْ ِﻲ‬ ‫ٖك‬ ‫ٖض‬ ‫ﻗِﻴْﻠِ ِﺢ ٖﻗﻠِ ِﺢ‬ ‫ٖس‬ ‫ٖم‬ ‫َﲡْ ِﺰ ْي َﲡْ ٖﺰ‬ Another way of writing ‘Long Vowel Dhamma’ is an inverted dhamma (like the number 6) on top of the letter.qfatima. It also lengthens the letter with a dhamma to 2 harakaat.com ٗ‫ا‬ ‫ٗب‬ ‫ﻳ َ ْﺮ ُﻫ ْﻮ ﻳ َ ْﺮ ٗه‬ . It also lengthens the letter with a fatha to 2 harakaat. ٰ‫ذ‬ َِ ‫ذٰﻟ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ٰ‫د‬ ‫ٰخ‬ َِ ‫ذَاﻟ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ٰح‬ ‫ٰج‬ ‫ث‬ ٰ َِ ‫ِﻛﺘٰﺐ‬ ‫ﺎب‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻛ‬ ُ ُ ‫ٰت‬ ‫ب‬ ٰ ‫ﺎل‬ َ َ‫ﻗ ٰ َﻞ ﻗ‬ Another way of writing ‘Long Vowel Kasra’ is a short ‘alif’ at the bottom of the letter. ‫ٗح‬ ‫ٗج‬ ‫ا َ ْﻣ ُﺮ ُﺣ ْﻮ ا َ ْﻣ ُﺮ ٗح‬ Page 33  ‫ٗث‬ ‫ٗت‬ َ‫دَ ُاو ْودَ دَ ٗاود‬ www.

com‬‬ ‫‬ .qfatima. Repeat this page as many times as necessary to improve accuracy and speed.‬‬ ‫ﺑِ ٖﻪ‬ ‫ا َْو َﻫ َﻦ‬ ‫ﺗَﻠ ْٗﻮ َن‬ ‫ﺑَﻌْ ِﺪ ِه‬ ‫َﺻﺎدَ َق‬ ‫ﻟ َ ُﺬ ْو‬ ‫َﺻﻴ ْ َﻒ‬ ‫ﻓِﻴ ْ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﻓَ ُﺬ ْو‬ ‫َﺟﺎ َع‬ ‫ﺑَﻨ َ ْﻮ‬ ‫‪َv‬ﻠ َ ْﻲ‬ ‫ا َ ُﻋ ْﻮ ُذ‬ ‫ﻳ َ ُﻘ ْﻮ ُل‬ ‫َﺻﺎدَ َق‬ ‫ﺑِﺎِذْ ِن‬ ‫‪Page 34‬‬ ‫ُﻛ‪ُg‬ﺒِ ٖﻪ‬ ‫ُﳛْ ٖﻲ‬ ‫ﻗ ٰ َﻞ‬ ‫َوﻗِﻴْﻠِ ٖﻪ ﺑَﻴ ْ ِﻀ ْﻲ‬ ‫ٰﺧﻠِ ُﺪ ْو َن‬ ‫ﺎو َن‬ ‫„َ ٗ‬ ‫َﻣﺎﻟ َ ٗﻪ‬ ‫َﻛ ْﻮﺛَ َﺮ‬ ‫ﺗَﺘُ ْﻮ ُب‬ ‫ﻳ َ ُﺼ ْﻮ ُم‬ ‫َو ٖﻗﻠِ ِﻪ‬ ‫ﺑَﻌْ ٖﺪ ِه‬ ‫ُﻗﺒ ُ ْﻮ ُر‬ ‫ِﻛ‪ٰg‬ﺒ َ ٗﻪ‬ ‫ا ٰ َﺧ َﺮ‬ ‫€َﻠِ ٰﻤ ِﺖ‬ ‫اب‬ ‫‪َ َ v‬ﺬ َ‬ ‫ﺎو َر‬ ‫َﺷ َ‬ ‫ﻳ َ َﺮ ٗه‬ ‫ِر ٰﺳﻠ ٰ ِﺖ‬ ‫ﺗَ ُﺮ ْو ُح‬ ‫َﺳ ْﻮ َط‬ ‫ا َْر ِﺿ ٖﻪ‬ ‫ﺑِ‪ْO‬ﺘ َ ِ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺎن‬ ‫ﺑ َ َْ‬ ‫ﺑَ‪ِ ْU‬‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫َﺳ ِ‪I‬ﻴْﻠِ ٖﻪ‬ ‫ﱵ ﺗَ ُﻜ ْﻮ ُن‬ ‫ُﺳﺒ ْ ٰﺤﻨ َ َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫رﺳﻮﻟ ُ ٗﻪ ‪v‬ﻠ َ ِﻤﲔ ﺻ ِﺪﻗِ‬ ‫ﲔ ﻳ َ ْﺴﺘ َ ْﻮ ُﻓ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫َُ ْ‬ ‫ٰ َْ‬ ‫ٰ َْ‬ ‫‪www.‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪This page consists of words that include all the sounds and rules covered in the previous‬‬ ‫‪pages.

it produces a short jerky ya’ because of the ‘hamza’. It does not join to any letters and neither can it be joined to.  HAMZA ‘ Hamza ‫ء‬ ‫ء‬ ' .qfatima. Instead. This hamza is known as ‘Hamzatul Qat’ or the ‘cutting hamzah’ eg: Bu’ = ◌‫ﺑ ُْﺆ‬ Bi’ = ◌‫ﺑ ِْﺊ‬ Ba’ = ْ ‫ﺑﺄ‬ َ ‫ﻳَﺄ ْ ُﻣ ُﺮ ْو َن‬ Ya’ muroona . Instead. it produces a short jerky yu’ Sometimes the ‘hamza’ is not written above the Alif.THE HICCUP SOUND does not change its form. ‫ﻳُ ْﺆ ِﻣ ُﻦ‬ Yu’ minu – The ‘waw’ does not lengthen the letter ‘yu’ to a ‘yoo’. The hiccup/jerky sound will still be pronounced eg : ‫ﻗَ َﺮا ُْت‬ Page 35  Qa Ra’ Tu www. Only a sukun is written. Most of the time.com . because of the ‘hamza’. producing a jerky or hiccup sound. it is carried by ‫ؤ أ‬ or ‫ئ‬ A hamza above an ‘alif’ or ‘waw’ with a sukun on it cuts the short vowel ‘a’ and ‘u’ respectively.The ‘alif’ does not lengthen the letter ‘ya’ to a ‘yaa’.

Repeat this exercise as many times as necessary to improve understanding and fluency. Make sure the long vowels are elongated to the correct length and the hiccup sounds are pronounced correctly. Again. ‫ُﻣ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُم ْء‬ ‫ُﻓ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُﻓ ْﺆ‬ ‫ﻳُ ْﺆ ِﻣ ُﻦ‬ ‫َﺷﺄ ْ ُن‬ ‫ﻳَﺄْﺗِ ُﻜ ْﻢ ُﺗ ْﺆﺛِ ُﺮ ْو َن‬ ‫ِﺳ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِس ْء‬ ‫ِﺟ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِﺟ ْﺊ‬ ‫ﺗَﺎ‬ ْ ‫ﺗَﺄ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺮاْ َت ﺑِﺎ ْ َس‬ ‫َﻣﺎ ْ َو ُاﻫ ْﻢ‬ ‫ِﺷﺌْ ُﺖ‬ ‫ﺑَﺎ‬ ْ ‫ﺑﺄ‬ َ ‫ﺗَﺎ ْ ِوﻳ ْ ُﻞ‬ ‫َواْ ُﻣ ْﺮ‬ Practice Table: All the sounds and rules covered so far have been put in the next exercise. ‫ﻳُ ْﺆ ِﻣ ُﻦ‬ ‫ﺗَﺎ ْ ُﺧ ُﺬ‬ ‫اِﻟَﻴ ْ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﺎو َر‬ َ ‫َﺷ‬ ‫ُﻨَﺎ‬O‫ْﺘُ ْﻢ ﻳُ ْﺆ ِﻣ‬O‫َﻣﺎ ُﻛ‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻧ َ ِﺴﻴَﺎ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ َ َ ‫ﻳ َ ْﺴﺌَﻠ ُ ْﻮﻧ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ﺎﺳ َﻢ ﻳَﺎْﺗِﻴ ْ ِﻪ‬ ََ ‫ﻗ‬ َ َ ‫ُر ْءﻳﺎ‬ www.  Let the student compare the first two lines below. noting the difference in recitation.qfatima.com  ‫ﺗَﺎْ€ُ ُﻞ‬ ‫ﻳَﻌْﻠ َ ُﻢ‬ ِ َ ‫ْﺘ‬Oِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎن‬ ‫ِﺟﺌْ ُﺖ‬ ‫ﺎل‬ َ َ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺗَﺎْﺗِﻴ ْ ِﻬ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﻳُ ْﺆﺗِﻴ َ ُﻪ‬ ‫ِﻃ ْﻔ َﻼ ِن‬ Page 36 . ensure that the long vowel is elongated to 2 harakaat only.

‫‬ ‫‬ ‫َوﻋَ َﺼ‪ْU‬ﻨَﺎ‬ ‫ﲰ ٗﻪ ﺗَﺎ ْ ِوﻳ ْ ُﻞ ﻗَ َﺮاْ َت‬ ‫ﻓَﻼ َ اِ ُْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫€‬ ‫ž ْﻢ ﺑِﻤَﺎ ﻧ َ ِﺴﻴ ْ ُﺖ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َََ ٰ ُ‬ ‫َو َﻻ ﺗَﺄ ْ َ‬ ‫ُﻣ ْﻔ ِﺴ ِﺪﻳ ْ َﻦ ِﻣ ْﻦ ا َ ْﻣ ِﺮ ْي ﻓَﺎ َ ﻧْﺠَﻴْﻨٰﻜُﻢ ﻳ َﺎْﻓِ ُﻜ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫َراْ ِﺳ ْﻲ ﻓِﻴْﻬَﺎ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﻳَﻠ ُْﻮ ْو َن ا َْﺧﻠ َ َﺪ ٗه‬ ‫ُﺳﺒ ْ ٰﺤﻨ َ َ‬ ‫ﻳُ ْﻮ ُﺳ َﻒ ﻳَﺄ ْ ُﻣ ُﺮ ُﻛ ْﻢ اٰﺗَ‪ْU‬ﻨ ٰ ُﻬ ْﻢ َﺿﻴ ْ ِﻔ ْﻲ ﻳَﺎ ْ ُﻣ ُﺮ‬ ‫زَ ْو َﺟ ْ ِ‬ ‫ﺑِŸ َْﺲ‬ ‫ُﺳﺒ ْ ٰﺤﻨ َ ٗﻪ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ ﺑَﻌْ ِﺪ ٖه‬ ‫َﲰٰﻮ ِت ﻳَﻠ ْﻮن ‪v‬ﻠ َ ِْ‬ ‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﱐ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ٖ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ‬ ‫َٗ ٰ َ‬ ‫ٰ‬ ‫َواِ ْﺳ ٰﺤ َﻖ‬ ‫َواِ ْﲰٰﻌِﻴ ْ َﻞ‬ ‫ﻳَﻨْ ُﻘ ُﻀ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫ﺎن‬ ‫َو€ َ َ‬ ‫َوﻳَﻌْ ُﻘ ْﻮ َب َو َﻻ ﺗﺎ ْ ِوﻳ ْ ُﻞ َوﺑ َ َﺮﻛٰﺘُ ٗﻪ ُﻣ ْﻔ ِﺴ ِﺪﻳ ْ َﻦ‬ ‫ﻧ ُ ْﻮ ُر ُﻫ ْﻢ اَﺑْ َﻮﻳ ْ ِﻪ ﻳُ ْﺆﺗَ ْﻮ َن َﺧ ٰﻄﻴ ٰ ُﻜ ْﻢ ﺑَ‪ْU‬ﻨ َ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬ ‫اُ ْﻣﻠِﻲ را ِزﻗِ‬ ‫ﲔ َﻣﺎ ْ َو ُاﻫ ْﻢ ﻧ ُ ْﻮ ِﺣﻴ ْ ِﻪ ﻓَ َﺴ‪ُU‬ﻨْﻐِ ُﻀ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫ْ َ َْ‬ ‫‪www.qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‪Page 37‬‬ ‫‬ .

‘i’ or ‘u’. fin ‫ٍف = ﻓِ ْﻦ‬ ‫ٍس = ِﺳ ْﻦ‬ ‫ٍب = ﺑِ ْﻦ‬ Dhamma with Tanween (Double Dhamma – one inverted) Makes an ‘un’ sound as in soon. Khairun. sin. moon. fun. Make sure that the student understands that the ‘ ‫ ' ا‬is not pronounced and does not elongate the sound. Kasra with Tanween (Double Kasra) Makes an ‘in’ sound as in bin. It means adding an ‘n’ ( ‫) ن‬ sound on a vowel ‘a’. ‫ﻓًﺎ = ﻓَ ْﻦ‬ ‫ًﺳﺎ = َﺳ ْﻦ‬ ‫ﺑًﺎ = ﺑ َ ْﻦ‬ Students may get confused with the ‘ ‫ ' ا‬that follows a letter (as above).qfatima.com  ‫= ُﺑ ْﻦ‬ ‫ٌب‬ Page 38 . run ‫ا‬ Double Fatha is always written with an ‘ ' which is not pronounced. Fatha with Tanween (Double Fatha) Makes an ‘un’ sound as in bun. sun.  TANWEEN An extra vowel (double vowel) is called tanween. Muntazir ‫= ُﻓ ْﻦ‬ ‫ٌف‬ ‫ٌس = ُﺳ ْﻦ‬ www.

qfatima.‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Fatha with Tanween‬‬ ‫ا َْن ا ً‬ ‫ا َﺑ َ ًﺪا‬ ‫َﻣ ْﻦ ﻣًﺎ‬ ‫َﺳ ْﻦ ًﺳﺎ‬ ‫ا َ ِﺳﻔًﺎ‬ ‫َﻣﺜ َ ًﻼ‬ ‫َﻛ ِﺬﺑًﺎ‬ ‫اِن اٍ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َﻏ َﻀ ٍﺐ‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ ٍم‬ ‫ِﺳ ْﻦ ٍس‬ ‫‪ٍ ْ َv‬‬ ‫ُﻓ ُﺮ ٍش‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫„َﺎ ِﺳﻖٍ‬ ‫=‬ ‫=‬ ‫َو ْن ًوا‬ ‫َﻣ َﺮ ًﺿﺎ‬ ‫=‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪Kasra with Tanween‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫=‬ ‫=‬ ‫ِو ْن ٍو‬ ‫َﺣﺎ ِﺳ ٍﺪ‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪Dhamma with Tanween‬‬ ‫اُ ْن اٌ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ُﻛﺘُ ٌ‬ ‫=‬ ‫ُﻣ ْﻦ ٌم‬ ‫ُﺳ ْﻦ ٌس‬ ‫ﻗَ َﻤ ٌﺮ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫َر ُﺟ ٌﻞ‬ ‫‪ٌ ْ َv‬‬ ‫=‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪www.com‬‬ ‫ُو ْن ٌو‬ ‫ﺑَﻴ ْ ٌﺖ‬ ‫=‬ ‫‪Page 39‬‬ ‫‬ .

‫‬ ‫‬ ‫َﺧ َ ٍ‬ ‫ﱪ‬ ‫ا ََﺣ ٌﺪ‬ ‫‪َv‬ﻠِﻴ ْ ٌﻢ‬ ‫ﻓَﺘْ ًﺢ‬ ‫ﺗَ ْﻮﺑَﺔً‬ ‫َﻣ ِﻜ ْ ٍ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ِرزْﻗًﺎ‬ ‫‪َv‬ﻠِﻴ ْ ٌﻢ‬ ‫َﻛ ِﺮﻳ ْ ٍﻢ‬ ‫ﻟ َ ِﻄﻴ ْ ٌﻒ‬ ‫‪Page 40‬‬ ‫ﻟُﺒ َ ًﺪ ا‬ ‫َﺷ َﺠ ٍﺮ‬ ‫َﺟﻬْ َﺮةً‬ ‫ﺣﺴ ٍ‬ ‫ﻨﺔ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ُﺣ ُﺮ ٌم‬ ‫َﺟﻬْ َﺮةً‬ ‫ﻓَﺎ ِﻛﻬَ ٍﺔ‬ ‫ُﺧ ْﺴ ٍﺮ‬ ‫ُﻗﻠ ُ ْﻮ ٌب‬ ‫ا َ ْﺷﺘَﺎﺗًﺎ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﺸ ٌﺮ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺪ ًرا‬ ‫َﻣ َﺴ ٍﺪ‬ ‫َﺳﻨ َ ٍﺔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺎو ٌة‬ ‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﻏ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُﺳ ُﺮ ًرا‬ ‫ﻟَﻌِ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫َﺷﻬَﺎدَةً‬ ‫ﻓَﺎ ِﻛﻬَ ٍﺔ‬ ‫َِ‬ ‫ﲰﻴ ْ ٌﻊ‬ ‫َﺣﺎ ِﺳ ٍﺪ‬ ‫ا ََﺟ ًﻞ‬ ‫َﺷ َﺠ َﺮ ٌة‬ ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ ٌ‬ ‫ﺑِ َﻼ ٍد‬ ‫ﺑَﺎ ِﺳ ٌﻂ‬ ‫ﺑَﻌْ ٍﺾ‬ ‫َﺿ َﺮ ٌب‬ ‫ا َ ْﺟ ٌﺮ‬ ‫ﻗَ ْﺪ ًﺣﺎ‬ ‫ُﻗ ْﺪ َرةً‬ ‫ﻧ َ ْﻔ ٍﺲ‬ ‫َﻣ ْﻘ َﺮﺑ َ ٍﺔ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫‪ٍ ¥‬ء‬ ‫اﺟﺎ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫َْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫اَ َ ً‬ ‫ُﻣﺒِ ْ ٍ‬ ‫ﲔ ﻋَ ِﻈﻴ ْ ٌﻢ‬ ‫اَﻟْﺒَﺎﺑًﺎ‬ ‫َﳎِﻴ ْ ٌﺪ‬ ‫„َﺎ ِﺳﻖٍ‬ ‫‪www.com‬‬ ‫‬ .qfatima.

qfatima. ٓ◌‐ ۤ ◌‐ ◌‐َ ٓ◌‐ ۤ ◌‐ ◌‐َ ۤ ◌‐ For example : ‫ﻣﺂ‬ ۤ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ َ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ Maaaaaa (v v long) Maaaa (very long) Maa (long) Ma (short) ‫ﻣِ ْٓﻲ‬ ۤ ◌‫ﻣِ ْﻲ‬ ‫ﻣِ ْﻲ‬ ‫ِم‬ ‫َم‬ Meeeeee (v v long) Meeee (very long) Mee (long) Me (short) ۤ‫ُﻣ ْﻮ‬ ٓ‫ُﻣ ْ◌ﻮ‬ ‫ُﻣ ْﻮ‬ ‫ُم‬ Mu (short) Moooooo (v v long) Mooo (very long) Moo (long) ‫ﻵ ِﺣ ْٓﻲ ُد ْٓو َﺳﺂ ُﺷ ْﻮۤ ِﱐ ْٓ ِﰲْٓ َﻫﺂ ا ٰ َل‬ ۤ ‫ْﻨَﺎ‬Uَ‫اٰﺗ‬ ‫ا َْﻫﻠ َ ٓٗﻪ‬ ‫اَﺑْﻮٰ ُه‬ ‫اِ ْﺳ َﺮآﺋِ َل‬ ‫ﺑِﻤَﺂ‬ ِ‫ﻧ‬ ِٓ َ Iٰ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻳٰٓﺎ ٰدَ ُم ا َﺑْﻨﺂﻋَ ُﻛ ْﻢ‬ ُ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﲏ‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺂ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ٌ ََ َ ْ Page 41  www. A letter with a dark ‘maddah’ on top of it would indicate that the vowel must be stetched to at least 5-6 times its normal length.com . The word ‘Maddah’ means to stretch/ lengthen or elongate. A letter with a light ‘maddah’ on top of it would indicate that the vowel must be stretched to at least about 4 times its normal length.  MADDAH A long stroke or curve above a letter is called a Maddah. It can be a light stroke (thin) or a dark stroke (thick) above the letter.

  SILENT LETTERS The letters ‫ي و ا‬ are silent (not read) when they are followed by a letter with a ‘sukun’ or ‘tashdeed’ on them. It does not elongate the ‘waw’ to ‘waa’. Have a look at the examples below making sure you understand it before moving on. They have no sign (fatha. ‫ا َ ْﻏ ٰﲎ‬ ­ٰ ‫ﺗَ ْﺮ‬ ‫ُﻫ ًﺪى‬ ‫ﻓَﻬَﺪٰى‬ ‫َﻠ ٰﻲ‬v ‫ا َ ْﻏ ٰﻦ‬ ‫ض‬ ٰ ‫ﺗَ ْﺮ‬ ‫ُﻫ ًﺪ‬ ٰ‫ﻓَﻬَﺪ‬ ‫َ ٰﻞ‬v www. ‘Alif Maksura’ . The word would read as ‘bismi’ ‫َواﻧ ْ ُﺼ ْﺮ‬ The ‘alif’ has no sign on it therefore it is not pronounced. The ‘waw’ joins to the ‘nun with sukun’ and would read as ‘wansur’ and not ‘waansur’.qfatima.The without a vowel at the end of some words - The ‘Ya’ is silent and not read. kasra.com  Page 42 . For each example there is a table with 2 lines. ‫ي‬ 1. The first line has words with the ‘silent letters’ and the second line shows you how to pronounce these words. The ‫ي و ا‬ appear in different formats in the Holy Qur’an. dhamma or sukun) on them and are not pronounced or read eg: ‫ﺎﺳ ِﻢ‬ ْ ِ‫ﺑ‬ The ‘alif’ has no sign on it therefore it is not pronounced.

Page 43  ‫ُذواﻟ ْ َﻔ ْﻀ ِﻞ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ َ ِ‫اُوﻟٰۤﺌ‬ ‫ُذﻟ ْ َﻔ ْﻀ ِﻞ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ َ ِ‫اُﻟٰۤﺌ‬ www. ‫ِﻣﻨ َ ْﺎﻻُ ْو ٰل‬ ٰ ‫ِﻣﻨ َ ْﻼ ُ ْول‬ ‫َﻣﺎاﻟْﻘَﺎ ِرﻋَ ُﺔ‬ ‫َﻣﻠْﻘَﺎ ِرﻋَ ُﺔ‬ ‫َوا ْﳓ َ ْﺮ‬ ‫َو ْﳓ َ ْﺮ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻓ‬ َ ْ َ ْ ‫ﺐ‬ ْ ‫ﻓَﻨ ْ َﺼ‬ 4. An ‘alif’ (with no sign on it) between two letters – the first letter bearing a long vowel and the second letter bearing a ‘sukun’ – The ‘alif’ is silent and is not pronounced.com ً‫َﺻﻠٰﻮة‬ ً‫زَﻛٰﻮة‬ ً‫َﺻﻠٰﺔ‬ ً‫زَﻛٰﺔ‬ .  2. The ‘alif’ (with no sign on it) at the end of some words The ‘alif’ is silent and is not pronounced.qfatima. (It also does not lengthen the long vowel of the first letter). The ‘waw’ (with no sign on it ) in some words – The ‘waw’ is silent and not pronounced. ‫ﻓَﺎ َ ْﺻﻠِ ُﺤ ْﻮا‬ ‫ﻓَﺎ َ ْﺻﻠِ ُﺤ ْﻮ‬ ‫اِذْ َﻫﺒ ُ ْﻮا‬ ‫اِذْ َﻫﺒ ُ ْﻮ‬ ‫ﻗَﺎﻟ ُ ْﻮا ا ٰ َﻣﻨُ ْﻮا َر ُﺿ ْﻮا‬ ‫َر ُﺿ ْﻮ‬ ‫ا ٰ َﻣﻨُ ْﻮ‬ ‫ﻗَﺎﻟ ُ ْﻮ‬ 3.

‬‬ ‫‪makharij and speed.‬‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ك َو َو َﺿﻌْﻨَﺎ ﻋَﻨْ َ‬ ‫اﻟَﻢْ ﻧ َ ْﺸ َﺮ ْح ﻟ َ َ‬ ‫ﻚ ِوزْ َر َ‬ ‫ﻚ َﺻ ْﺪ َر َ‬ ‫اِذَا ُزﻟ ْ ِﺰﻟ َ ِﺖ ْاﻻ َ ْرض ِزﻟ َْﺰاﻟَﻬَﺎ َوا َ ْﺧ َﺮ َﺟ ِﺖ ْاﻻ َ ْر ُض‬ ‫َو َﺟﺂءَ ﻓِ ْﺮﻋَ ْﻮ ُن َو َﻣ ْﻦ ﻗَﺒْﻠ َ ٗﻪ َواﻟْﻤُﺆْﺗَ ِﻔﻜٰ ُﺖ ﺑِﺎﳋَْﺎ ِﻃﺌ َ ِﺔ‬ ‫اﺻ ِ‬ ‫ﱪ ‪َ ³ٰ َ v‬ﻣﺎ ﻳ َ ُﻘ ْﻮﻟ ُ ْﻮ َن َوا ْﻫ ُﺠ ْﺮ ُﻫ ْﻢ َﻫ ْﺠ ًﺮا َﲨِﻴ ْ ًﻼ‬ ‫َو ْ ْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٖ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺎﺳﺒَﻘَ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺸ‬ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺎل‬ ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ٓ‬ ‫ً‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫آء ‪َv‬ﻠَﻴ ْ ِﻬ ْﻢ ءَاَﻧ ْ َﺬ ْرﺗَﻬُﻢْ ا َْم ﻟ َ ْﻢ ُﺗﻨْ ِﺬ ْر ُﻫ ْﻢ َﻻﻳُ ْﺆ ِﻣﻨُ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫َو َﺳ َﻮ ٌ‬ ‫‪Page 44‬‬ ‫‪www.qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‬ .‬‬ ‫‪Please do not rush. Repeat this page as many times as necessary to obtain good fluency.‫‬ ‫‬ ‫ُﺗ ْﺆ ِﻣﻨُ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫ﻳ َ ْﺴﺘَﻬْ ِﺰ ُئ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫اُوﻟٰٓﺌِ َ‬ ‫ﻓَ ُﺬ ْو ُﻗﻮا‬ ‫اِﻳْﺘ َ ِ‬ ‫ﺂئ‬ ‫ُﺑ َﺮء ٰٓ ُؤا‬ ‫ِﻣﺎﺋَ َﺔ‬ ‫¯ﺎﻧ ُ ْﻮا‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﺻﻠٰﻮ ٌة‬ ‫ُذواﻟ ْ َﻔ ْﻀ ِﻞ اُ ْو ُﺗﻮااﻟْﻌِﻠ ْ َﻢ‬ ‫‪ُ ±‬ﻫ ُﻢ ا ْﳋ ٰ ِﺴ ُﺮ ْو َن‬ ‫ﻓَﺎُوﻟٰٓﺌِ َ‬ ‫‪Exercise: All the rules and sounds covered in the previous pages will be practiced in this‬‬ ‫‪exercise. The words are all from the Holy Qur’an.

The letter bearing a tashdeed is called ‘Mushaddad’. It looks like the English letter ‘w’.the first letter always takes the sukun and the second letter bears the haraka. Explain to the student that the sukun hides in the tashdeed.com ‫اُ ْب َب‬ . Tashdeed means to strengthen or to stress.qfatima. Use the names of the children or everyday words to explain. For example: ‘m’ in Muham-mad. ‘y’ in Sumay-ya.  TASHDEED The sign ◌ّ above the letter with a haraka (fatha. The letter bearing the tashdeed is doubled . kasra. dhamma) is called ‘Tashdeed’. Example: Pronounced with a heavy stress on the ‘b’ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫َﺑ‬ ‫ا‬ ْ َ = Pronounced with a heavy stress on the ‘b’ ِْ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ َ = Pronounced with a heavy stress on the ‘b’ Page 45  ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ا‬ ُ ْ َ ‫ا ََّب‬ ‫ا َ ْب َب‬ ‫اِ َّب‬ ‫اِ ْب َب‬ ‫اُ َّب‬ = www.

com  Page 46 .  The lines below practice 2 letter words bearing Tashdeed and Haraka with the letter ‘ba’ ‫ِد ِ ّب‬ ‫ﺐ‬ َّ ‫َﺷ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ُ ّ َ‫ﻋ‬ ِّ ‫ُﺣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ َّ ‫َﺟ‬ ‫ُد ُّب‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ُّ ‫ُﺷ‬ ِّ َ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ِّ ‫ِﺣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ُّ ‫دَ َّب‬ ِّ ‫ِﺷ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ِ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ُّ ‫ﺐ‬ ُّ ‫َﺣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ُّ ‫ُﺳ‬ ‫اُ ُّب‬ ِّ ‫ِﺣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ُّ ‫ُﻋ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ َّ ‫ُﺣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ َّ ‫ِﺣ‬ ‫اِ ِ ّب‬ ‫ﺐ‬ َّ ‫َﺣ‬ ‫ا ََّب‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ُّ ‫ُﺣ‬ ِ ِ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ َّ َ ّ ِ ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ َّ ‫ﺐ َﺣ‬ ُّ ‫َر ِ ّب اِ ُّب‬ The lines below have 2 letter words bearing Tashdeed and Haraka ‫ِﺣ َّﺞ‬ ‫ﻓِ َّﻦ‬ ِّ َ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ ‫ُﻛ َّﻢ‬ ‫ُﻣ ُّﺶ‬ ‫ِﺣ ُّﺞ‬ ‫ﻓِ ُّﻦ‬ ‫ﻳ َ ُّﻢ‬ ‫ا ََّن‬ ‫َﻇ َّﻢ‬ ‫َﺣ ُّﺞ‬ ‫ﻓَ ُّﻦ‬ ‫َﺣ ّ ِﺞ‬ ‫ﻓَ ِّﻦ‬ ‫َﺣ َّﺞ‬ ‫ﻓَ َّﻦ‬ ‫ِﺣ َّﺞ‬ ‫ُﻓ ِّﻦ‬ ‫ا ََّم‬ ‫َو َّل‬ ‫ُﺿ َّﻢ‬ ‫ُﺛ َّﻢ‬ ‫َﺿ ِّﻢ‬ ‫ِﻣ ِّﻦ‬ ‫َﺿ َّﻢ‬ ‫اِ َّل‬ ‫ُﻫ َّﻦ‬ ‫َﻇ َّﻦ‬ ‫€ُ َّﻞ‬ ‫َر ِ ّب‬ www.qfatima.

qfatima.‫‬ ‫‬ ‫ا ََّو‬ ‫ُﺟ ِّﻮ‬ ‫ﺗَ َّﻮ‬ ‫ِذ ُّو‬ ‫ا ََّي‬ ‫ﰊ‬ ‫َِ ّ‬ ‫ا ِ َّي‬ ‫َﺳ َّﻲ‬ ‫ُﺣ َّﻮ‬ ‫ِﻛ ِّﻮ‬ ‫اِ ُّي‬ ‫ِﱐ َّ‬ ‫ِر َّو‬ ‫ﻋَ ُّﻮ‬ ‫َﰊ ُّ‬ ‫ُﺿ ُّﻲ‬ ‫زَ َّو‬ ‫ُﻓ ِّﻮ‬ ‫ِﺣ َّﻲ‬ ‫ِﻣ ُّﻲ‬ ‫ُﺷ َّﻮ‬ ‫ﻧ ُ ُّﻮ‬ ‫ُر ُّي‬ ‫َﻫ ِّﻲ‬ ‫‪The lines below have 3 letter words bearing Tashdeed and Haraka‬‬ ‫َﺻ ّﺪ ََق‬ ‫َﺳﺒِّ ْﺢ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫َرﺑُّ َ‬ ‫َرﺑَّﻨَﺎ‬ ‫َﻛ َّﺬ َب‬ ‫اِﻧَّﻨَﺎ‬ ‫ﻟَﻌَ َّﻞ‬ ‫ﻟ ِ ُ‪ِ ّ µ‬ﻞ‬ ‫‪َv‬ﻠ َّ َﻢ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َﺪ َّي‬ ‫ا ََّو َل‬ ‫ا َﻳُّﻬَﺎ‬ ‫َﺳ َّﻮ َل‬ ‫ُﻗ َّﻮةَ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ِ‪ّU‬ﻨَﺎ‬ ‫‪The lines below have 4 or more letter words bearing Tashdeed and Haraka‬‬ ‫ﻳُ َﻜ ِّﺬ ُب‬ ‫اَﻟ َّ ِﺬﻳ ْ َﻦ‬ ‫ُﺳ ّﻌِ َﺮ ْت ﻧ ُ َﺴ ِّﻮ َي ﻳُﺒ َ ّ ُِ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﻧُﻘَ ِ ّﺪ ُس‬ ‫َﺟﻬَﻨَّﻢ ا َِﺋ َﻤﺔً رﺑِّ ِﻬﻢ ﻣﺘَّﻘِﺌ ِْ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ُ َ‬ ‫َ ْ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫‪www.com‬‬ ‫‪Page 47‬‬ ‫‬ .

com‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫َوﻟِﻴ ُّ ُﻜ ُﻢ‬ ‫ُﺣﻠِﻴِ ّ ِﻬ ْﻢ‬ ‫اُﻧ َ ِ‪ّI‬ﺌُ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬ ‫َﺳﻨُﻘَﺘِّ ُﻞ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﺴﺒِّ ُﺢ‬ ‫ُﺗ َﺮ ّدُ ْو َن‬ ‫ﺑ َ ِ‪ّU‬ﻨ َ ٍﺔ‬ ‫اُ َّﻣ ٍﺔ‬ ‫ُﻋ ّ ِﻄﻠ َ ْﺖ َوﻧْﻘَﻠِّ ُﺐ ُﻛ ِّﻮ َر ْت‬ ‫ﱪ ْو َن‬ ‫َﺳ َّﻮﻟ َ ْﺖ ﻟَﻌَﻠ َّ ُﻬ ْﻢ ﻳَﺘ َ َﻜ ّ َُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺎى ا َﻳُّﻬَﺎ ﻳَﺘَّ ُﻘ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َوا ّ َ‬ ‫ﻚ ﻧُﺌ َ ِّﺨ ُﺮ ٗۤه ‪َv‬ﻠ َّ َﻤ ِْ‬ ‫ﲎ‬ ‫َو َّد‪َ َ v‬‬ ‫‪The lines below practice words with letters bearing Tashdeed and Long Vowels‬‬ ‫ا ¶َل‬ ‫ﺗَ َﻮﻟ ¶‪¹‬‬ ‫َﺟﻠ¶ﻬَﺎ‬ ‫ﻋَ ¶ﻦ‬ ‫َﺣ ¶ﱴ‬ ‫َﺟﻨ¶ ِﺖ‬ ‫زَ ¶ﻛﻬَﺎ‬ ‫ﻟَﻌَﻨ¶ ُﻬ ْﻢ‬ ‫َ·‬ ‫ا ُ¶‬ ‫اَ€¶ﻠ ُ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫ﲰ ُﻌ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫َ¶‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﻧَﺒِ ٖ َّ‬ ‫ﺑِ ¶ ِ‬ ‫ﺎ·‬ ‫ﻓَ‪َg‬ﻨ¶ ُﻪ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﺴ ¶ﻮ ُﻫ َّﻦ‬ ‫‪The lines below practice words with letters bearing Tashdeed and Maddah‬‬ ‫ دَآﺑَّﺔً‬ ‫و ¶ۤ‬ ‫اﻟﺼ ¶ﻔ ِﺖ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫‪Page 48‬‬ ‫ﺂﱏ‬ ‫ﺗِ َّﻈ ِ ّْ‬ ‫ ا َُﲢ ٰﺎ ُّﺟ ْﻮۤ ِّﱐ ْ   ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺂ ّﻓُ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫ﻟَﻨ ْﺤ ُﻦ َّ‬ ‫ا َ َّﻟﺼﺂ َّﺧ ُﺔ ‬ ‫اﻟﻀﺂﻟ ِ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫َو َل َّ ْ َ‬ ‫‪www.qfatima.

Remember.com . ِْ ‫ﻓَ َﺴﺒِّ ْﺢ ﻳ َ َّﺴ ْﺮﻧ ٰ ُﻪ ﻣ َﺼﻠ‬ ‫ُﻠِّ ْﻤﻨَﺎ‬v ‫ﲔ‬ ّ َ ُ ‫ﺗَﻠ َ َّﻘ ْﻮﻧ َ ٗﻪ‬ ‫ّﺌْ ُﻬ ْﻢ‬Iِ َ ‫ْﻨًﺎ ﻓَ َﺰﻳَّﻠْﻨَﺎ ﻧ‬U‫ِﺳ ِّﻜ‬ ‫ا َ َﺳ ُّﺮ ْوا َوﻧ َ َّﺰﻟْﻨَﺎ ﻟَﻌَ َّﺬﺑْﻨَﺎ ﻓَ َﺼ َّﻜ ْﺖ َو َﺻ َّﺮﻓْﻨَﺎ‬ ِ ‫¼اﻟﺘَّﻮر‬ ِ ِ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ِ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ْ َ ّ ْ ْ ُ َ َ ّ َ ْٰ ‫ﺗَﻘَﺒ َّ ْﻞ‬ ‫ﻓَ َّﺼﻠْﻨَﺎ‬ Page 49  www. ِ ‫ن‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋَ َﺔ‬ َ َّ ّ ‫ا‬ ِ ‫اﻟﺼﻠِ ٰﺤ ِﺖ‬ ‫ﻞ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ َ ¶ َ‫ﻋ‬ ِ ‫ﻫﻢ ْاﻻ َ َوﻟ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ َْ ّ ُ ُ ‫ُﻫ ُﻢ ا ¶ﻟﻈﻠِ ُﻤ ْﻮ َن‬ ِْ ِ‫ﺎﻟﺼﻠ‬ ِ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ¶ َ َ َ‫¯ﻮة‬ ٰ ‫ا ٰ ُﺗﻮااﻟ َّﺰ‬ ‫ﻟﺴ ٰﻤﻮٰ ِت‬ َّ ‫ِﰲ ا‬ ِ ِ‫اﻟﺴﻤﺂء‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ َ َّ َ ‫َواﻟ َّ ِﺬﻳ ْ َﻦ‬ ·‫ا‬ ¶ُ ‫ُﻗ ِﻞ‬ َ‫اَﻗِﻴ ْ ُﻤﻮاا َّﻟﺼﻠٰﻮة‬ ِ ِ‫اﺻ ِﺪﻗ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ َْ ¶ َ ‫ ُﻫ ُﻢ اﻟْﻜٰ ِﻔ ُﺮ ْو َن‬± َ ِ‫ﺎس ﻓَﺎُوﻟٰۤﺌ‬ ُ َّ‫€ُ ُﻞ اﻟﻨ‬ ُ َّ‫ﺎس ﻳٰۤﺎَﻳُّﻬَﺎاﻟﻨ‬ The lines below practice a letter with Tashdeed followed by a letter with Sukun.  The lines below practice words with letters bearing Tashdeed and Silent Letters. The letter with the haraka will join to the letter with the tashdeed. the letters ‘alif’. ‘waw’ and ‘ya’ with no haraka are not pronounced.qfatima.

com  Page 50 .qfatima.  The following lines practice words that have a letter with Tashdeed followed by another letter with Tashdeed. The same rules apply eg : ‫¶ل‬ ‫اِ َّل‬ = ‫اِﻟ َّ ¶ﻞ‬ ِ ٰ ‫ا ْل َل ْل ل‬ So the words read : Illallaa ___________________________________________________________ ‫¶ل‬ ‫اِ َّن‬ = ‫¶ل‬ ‫اِ َّن‬ ‫اِ ْن َن ْل ٰل‬ So the words read : Innallaa َّ ‫اُ ِّﻣ ِﻲ و‬ ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫ُذ ِّرﻳَّ ِﺔ‬ ‫ﺗَ َّﺰﻗُّ ْﻮا ﺑِﺎﻟ َّﺸ ّ ِﺮ‬ ¶ َ ّ ‫َو ُذ ِّرﻳَّﺔً اُ ِّﻣﻴ ُّ ْﻮ َن اِ َّن َّاﻻﻋَ َﺔ‬ ً ‫ِﺳ َّﺮ َّاو َﺟﻬْﺮا‬ ‫ﻳَﻌْﻠ َ ُﻢ اﻟ ّ ِﺴ َّﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﺴ ٰﻤﻮٰ ِت €ُ ّ ِﻞ اﻟﺜَّ َﻤ ٰﺮ ِت‬ َّ ‫اِ َّن ا‬ ِ ِ َ َ ‫ﻛ‬ ّ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺬ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺬ‬ ‫ﺨ‬ ·‫ا‬ ّ َ َ ْ ُ َّ‫ﻳ َﺘ‬ َ ُْ َ َ ¶ َّ َ www.

The letter with the haraka ‘da fatha’ jumps to join the ‘mim with tashdeed’. The word reads ‫ذَ َّل‬ ‫ذَ ْل َل‬ = ___________________________________________________________________________ ‫َّر‬ ‫ﻓ ٌَّﺮ‬ ‫ٌف‬ ‫ُﻓ ْﻦ ْر َر‬ The ‘nun sukun’ is dropped and not pronounced. the ‘n’ sound from the tanween is not pronounced eg: ‫َّل‬ ً‫ذ‬ ‫ْل َل‬ ‫ذَ ْن‬ ‫ذ ً َّل‬ The ‘nun sukun’ is dropped and not pronounced.  Tashdeed with Tanween When a letter with tanween is followed by a letter with tashdeed. So the word reads ‫ُﻫ َﺪ ُّﻣ ْﺴﺘَﻘِﻴ ْ ٍﻢ‬ Page 51  www. The word reads ‫ُﻓ َّﺮ‬ = ‫ُﻓ ْﺮ َر‬ ‫ُّﻣ ْﺴﺘَﻘِﻴ ْ ٍﻢ‬ ‫ے‬ ‫ُﻫ ًﺪ‬ ‫ْم ُم ْﺳﺘَﻘِﻴ ْ ٍﻢ‬ ‫ے‬ ‫ُھ دَ ْن‬ ‫ُﻫ ًﺪے ُّﻣ ْﺴﺘَﻘِﻴ ْ ٍﻢ‬ The ‘nun sukun’ is dropped and not pronounced. The ‘ya’ with no haraka is silent and also not pronounced.com .qfatima.

‫‬ ‫‬ ‫ُﻋ ْﺼﺒ َ ٌﺔ ِّﻣﻨْ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬ ‫َﺟﻠ ْ َﺪ ٍة َّو َﻻ‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ َّرﺑِّ ِﻬ ْﻢ‬ ‫ِﻻٰﻳ ٰ ٍﺖ َّواِ ْن‬ ‫َﻛ ِﺬﺑًﺎ َّو َﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻳ َ ْﻮ َﻣﺌِ ٍﺬ َّو َﻻ‬ ‫َر ُﺳ ْﻮلً ِّﻣﻨْ ُﻬ ْﻢ‬ ‫َوﻟِﻴًّﺎﻳَّ ِﺮ ُﺛ ِْ‬ ‫ﲎ‬ ‫ﻗَ َﺮا ٍر َّﻣ ِﻜ ْ ٍ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ُﺗ َﺮاﺑًﺎ َّو ِﻋ َﻈﺎﻣًﺎ‬ ‫ُﺳﻠ ْ ٰﻄﻨًﺎ َّو َﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑ َ َﺸ ٌﺮ ِّﻣﺜ ْﻠ ُ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬ ‫‪َv‬ﻠ ٰ‪ِ ¹‬ﺻ َﺮ ٍ‬ ‫اط ُّﻣ ْﺴﺘَﻘِﻴ ْ ٍﻢ‬ ‫ﺑِ ُﺴ ْﻮ َر ٍة ِّﻣﺜْﻠِ ٖﻪ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ﱪ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫¿‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻞ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﳔ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺖ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ َ ً ُّ ٰ َ ً َّ َْ‬ ‫َﺟﻨ¶ ّ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﻮﻳ ْ ٌﻞ ﻟ ِ ّﻠ َّ ِﺬﻳ ْ َﻦ‬ ‫ﺑ َ ِ‪ّU‬ﻨ ٰ ٍﺖ ﻟَّﻌَﻠ َّ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﻗَﻠِﻴ ْ َﻼ َّﻣﺎﺗَ ْﺸ ُﻜ ُﺮ ْو َن‬ ‫َﻛﺜِ ْﲑ َ ٌة َّو ِﻣﻨْﻬَﺎ‬ ‫ﻟَﻬُﻢْ َّﻣﻐ ْ ِﻔ َﺮ ٌة َّو ِرزْ ٌق‬ ‫اٰﻳ ٰ ٍﺖ ُّﻣﺒ َ ِ‪ّU‬ﻨ ٰ ٍﺖ‬ ‫زَﻳْﺘُ ْﻮﻧ َ ٍﺔ ﻻَّ َﺷ ْﺮﻗِﻴ َّ ٍﺔ ّ َ◌و َﻻ َﻏ ْﺮﺑِﻴ َّ ٍﺔ ﻳَّ‪ُ َµ‬ﺎد‬ ‫ا·َ َر ُء ْو ٌف َّر ِﺣﻴ ْ ٌﻢ‬ ‫َوا ََّن ¶‬ ‫‪Page 52‬‬ ‫‪www.qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‬ .

com .qfatima. the sukun letter is not pronounced eg: ‫ َﻣ َّﻬ ْﺪ َّت‬‫ ُﻗ ْﻞ َّر ِ ّب‬- The ‘da with sukun’ is not pronounced and the word is read as The ‘la with sukun’ is not pronounced and the word is read as ‫َﻣ َّﻬ َّﺖ‬ ‫ُق َّر ِ ّب‬ ‫ﻟَﺘْ َّﺪ ا َْن َّل‬ ‫ُﻛ ْﻦ َّل‬ ‫َﻣ ْﻦ ُّي‬ ‫ﻋَ ْﻦ َّم‬ ‫َﻣ ْﻦ ُّي‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ َّرﺑِّ ِﻬ ْﻢ‬ ‫ﻋَﺒ َ ْﺪ ّﺗُ ْﻢ‬ ‫ْ َﺲ‬Uَّ‫ا َْن ﻟ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ا َْن َّﳛِﻴ ْ َﻒ‬ ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ ﻟ َّ ُﺪﻧ ْ ُﻪ‬ ‫ﺂء‬ ‫ﺸ‬ َ َ ُ ّ َْ ‫َو َﻣ ْﻦ َّﻣﻌَ ٗۤﻪ‬ ‫ا َْن ﻳَّﻐ ْ ِﻔ َﺮ‬ ‫ا َْن ﻳَّ ْﻘﺘُﻠ ُ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫َﻣﻌَ ُﻜ ْﻢ ُّﻣ ْﺴﺘ َ ِﻤ ُﻌ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫ž ْﻢ ِّﻣ ْﻦ ﻗَﺒ ْ ِﻞ‬ ُ َ‫َﻣﻌ‬ ِ ْ‫ﻓَ ِﻤﻨْﻬﻢ َّﻣﻦ َّﳝ‬ ِ  ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﲪ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ v ‫و‬ ْ َ ُ َ ُ ّ ْ َ ُ ُ ّ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ َ ِ ْ َ ‫ﻓَﺎِ ْن ﻳَّ ُﻜ ْﻦ ِّﻣﺎﺋَ ٌﺔ َﺻﺎﺑِ َﺮ ٌة ﻳَّﻐْﻠِﺒ ُ ْﻮا ِﻣﺎﺋَﺘ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ِ ِ ‫اﻟﺴﻤ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺂء َو ْاﻻ َ ْر ِض‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ََ ّ َ ّ ‫ُﺛ َّﻢ ﻳُﻌِﻴ ْ ُﺪ ٗه َو َﻣ ْﻦ ﻳّ َْﺮ ُز ُﻗ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬ Page 53  www.  Sukun followed by Tashdeed When a letter with sukun is followed by a letter with tashdeed.

qfatima. 29 of these start with ‘Single Letters’ or ‘Muqatta’at’.  HURUF ‘UL MUQATTA’AT There are 114 suwer (chapters) in the Holy Qur’an. These letters are not pronounced phonetically but are read separately with their letter name eg: ‫ٰﺣ ۤﻢ‬ ‫اﻟ ۤ ّ ٓﻢ‬ ‫اَﻟ ِ ْﻒ َﻵ ْم ِﻣﻴْٓﻢ‬ ‫ﻳ ٰ ۤﺲ‬ ‫ﻳٰﺎ ِﺳ ْٓﲔ‬ ‫ٰﻃ ٓﺴ ّ ٓﻢ‬ ‫َﻃﺎ ِﺳﻴْٓﻢ ﻣﻴْٓﻢ‬ ‫ﻤ‬Ä ‫ﻟ‬ ۤ ‫ﺺ‬ ‫ا‬ ۤ ّ ۤ ِ ْ‫اَﻟ ْﻒ َﻻ ْۤم ِﻣﻴْۤﻢ َﺻﺂد‬ Ha-a-a Me-e-e-e-m ‫ۤق‬ ‫ۤن‬ ‫ۤص‬ ‫ﺂف‬ ْ َ‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻧ ُ ْﻮ ۤن‬ ْ‫َﺻﺂد‬ ‫اﻟ ٓ ٰﺮ‬ ‫اَﻟ ِ ْﻒ َﻵ ْم َرا‬ ‫ﻋ ٓ ٓﺴ ٓﻖ‬ ‫ﺂف‬ ْ َ‫ َ ْٓﲔ ِﺳ ْٓﲔ ﻗ‬v ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫ﻛ‬ ٓ ‫ﺺ‬ ٓ ٰ ٓ ٰ ْ َ€ ْ‫ َ ْٓﲔ َﺻﺂد‬v ‫ﺂف َﻫﺎﻳَﺎ‬ www. They begin with a letter(s) instead of a word.com  ٰ‫ٰﻃﻪ‬ ‫ﺎﻫﺎ‬ َ ‫َﻃ‬ ‫ٰﻃ ٓﺲ‬ ‫َﻃﺎ ِﺳ ْٓﲔ‬ ‫ﻤ ٰﺮ‬Ä ۤ ّ ۤ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫اﻟ ِ ْﻔ َﻞ َﻻ ْۤم ِﻣﻴ ْۤ ْﻢ َرا‬ Page 54 .

  The following two Rules are explained very simply so that the student is aware of them. NUN QUTNI .a small ‫ﻧ ُ ْﻮ ُح ا ﺑْﺘ َ َﻪ‬ ‫َﺷﻴْﺄَا َّاﲣ َ َﺬ‬ ‫َﻣﺜ َ َﻼ ا ﻟْﻘَ ْﻮ ِم‬ ‫م‬ Sometimes a small ‘meem’ is found either in the same word or between two words.com . Page 55  www. ِ ْ َ‫ِﻣ ْﻢ ﺑ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ Will be pronounced/read as ‫ُﺻ ٌّﻢ ُﺑ ْﻜ ٌﻢ‬ ‫ﺌْ ُﻬ ْﻢ‬Iِ ْ ‫ا َ ﻧ‬ ِ ْ َ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ ﺑ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ Will be written as ِ َ ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ ﺑ‬ ‫ﲏ‬ ْ ِ ْ َ‫ِﻣ ْﻦ ﺑ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ ‫ﺘْ ُﻪ‬Iْ‫ا َ ﻧ‬ THE NEXT BOOK WILL COVER AN INDEPTH EXPLANATION AS PART OF TAJWEED RULES. When ‘nun sukun’ or tanween is followed by the letter ‘ba’ even if it is in the same word.a small ‫ن‬ Sometimes a small ‘nun’ written under an ‘alif’ is found between two words. The small ‘nun’ is called ‘Nun Qutni’. This is to link the two words and the ‘nun’ is pronounced whilst the ‘alif’ following it is silent.qfatima. A more concise explanation will be given in the next book. then the ‘n’ sound is altered to a ‘m’ sound. ‫ْﺘ َ َﻪ‬Iِ‫ﻧ ُ ْﻮ ُح ﻧ‬ ‫ﺄن‬ َّ ‫َﺧ ْﲑُ ا ْﻃ َﻤ‬ QALB .

qfatima.  STOPPING SIGNS In the Qur’an there are some signs or punctuation marks called ‘waqf’ or in plural ‘wuqoof’. The most common wuqoof are : : End of an aya – STOP Sometimes the following letters are placed on the ‘O’ to indicate various rules of stopping ‫م‬ : Compulsary Stop – otherwise meaning is changed ‫ع‬ : Stop – End of a section ‫ط‬ : Should Stop – End of a Sentence ‫ﻗﻒ‬ : Better to Stop ‫ج‬ : Can Stop or Continue ‫ص‬ : Must continue. can take a breath : Better NOT to stop : Stop at the first or the second but not at both ‫ﻻ‬ ‫؞؞‬ www.com  Page 56 . These are found in the middle or the end of ayaats and give us an indication of whether stopping/pausing is permitted or not.

qfatima.  STOPPING ON WORDS It is important to know how to stop at the end of the verse or in the middle when pausing to take breath. dhamma.com ‫َﻣ َﻊ اﻟ ٰﺸ ِﻬ ِﺪﻳ ْ َﻦ‬ ‫اب اَﻟِﻴ ْ ٌﻢ‬ ‫ﺬ‬ v ‫ﻢ‬ ْ ‫ﻬ‬ ُ ‫ﻟ‬ َ ‫و‬ َ َ ٌ َ ٍ‫ﺸﻬ ْﻮد‬ ُ ‫َو َﺷﺎ ِﻫ ٍﺪ َّو َﻣ‬ . kasra. then the vowel is read as a sukun eg : ‫ﻚ‬ ْ ِ‫َواﻟ ِ َﺪﺗ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ َ ِ‫َواﻟ ِ َﺪﺗ‬ ‫زَ ْو ٰﺟ ْﻦ‬ ‫زَ ْو ٰﺟ ِﻦ‬ ‫أ َ ْﻋﺒ ُ ْﺪ‬ ‫أ َ ْﻋﺒ ُ ُﺪ‬ ْ‫ﻟَﻬَﺐ‬ ٍ‫ﻟَﻬَﺐ‬ ‫ﺎق‬ ْ َ‫ِﺷﻘ‬ ‫ﺎق‬ ٌ َ‫ِﺷﻘ‬ ‫َواﻟ ِّﺬ ْﻛ ِﺮا ْﳊ َ ِﻜﻴ ْ ِﻢ‬ ‫ﻟ َ ٗﻪ ُﻛ ْﻦ ﻓَﻴ َ ُﻜ ْﻮ ُن‬ ِ‫ْﺘﻢ ﺻ ِﺪﻗ‬O‫اِن ُﻛ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ َْ ٰ ُ ْ Page 57  www. kasra tanween or dhamma tanween. There are 5 different kinds of stopping or pausing: 1) When the word ends with a letter that has a fatha.

it is changed to a ‘Haa’ and the vowel accompanying it is omitted.qfatima.com  ً‫ﻓَ ِﺮﻳ ْ َﻀﺔ‬ ً‫€َﺂ ّﻓَﺔ‬ Page 58 .  2) When the word ends with a letter that has a fatha tanween followed by ‫ا‬ or ‫ى‬ then the letter will be recited as a long vowel fatha (elongated to 2 harakaat) eg : ‫ُﻃ َﻮا‬ ‫ُﻃﻮًي‬ ‫َﻏ ُﻔ ْﻮ َرا‬ ‫َﻏ ُﻔ ْﻮ ًرا‬ Æً ‫ُﺿ‬ ‫َﻛﺜِ ْﲑًا‬ ‫ْﻨًﺎ‬Uِ‫ُﺳﻠ ْ ٰﻄﻨًﺎ ُّﻣﺒ‬ ‫ْﺒًﺎ‬U‫َﺣ ِﺴ‬ ‫ﺗَﻌْ َﻤﻠ ُ ْﻮ َن َﺧﺒِ ْﲑًا‬ ‫ُﻫ ًﺪى‬ 3) If the word ends with a ‘Ta Marbuta’ (round Taa). The Haa is pronounced with a ‘sukun’ eg : ‫ﻗَﻠِﻴﻠ َ ٍﺔ‬ ‫ُﻣ ْﺆ ِﻣﻨ َ ٌﺔ‬ ‫ﺑِ ِﻨﻌْ َﻤ ْﻪ‬ ‫ﺑِ ِﻨﻌْ َﻤ ِﺔ‬ ‫ُﻗ َّﻮ ْه‬ ً ‫ُﻗ َّﻮة‬ ً‫َﻛﺜِ ْﲑَة‬ ‫ﻟَﻴْﻠ َ ُﺔ‬ ‫َﺷ َﻔﺎﻋَ ٌﺔ‬ ‫دَ َر َﺟ ٌﺔ‬ www.

it stays the same and is pronounced the same eg : ‫ا َْﻋﺒ ُ ُﺪ ْوا‬ ‫ž ْﻢ‬ ُ َ ‫ا َ ْﻣ َﻮاﻟ‬ ‫ا َْﻋﺒ ُ ُﺪ ْوا‬ ‫ﻓَﺎ ْ ُﺗ ْﻮا‬ ْ‫ا َْﻋ َﻤﺎﻟَﻬُﻢ‬ ‫َﻛ َﻔ ُﺮ ْوا‬ 5) If the word ends with a letter bearing a ‘long vowel’. it stays the same and is pronounced the same (the long vowel is elongated to 2 harakaat) eg : ‫ﻧ َ ّﺰَﻟْﻨَﺎ‬ ‫ﻓَﺎَﻧ ْ َﺰﻟْﻨَﺎ‬ ‫َوﺗَ ْﻘﻮٰ َﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧ َ ّﺰَﻟْﻨَﺎ‬ ‫ا َﻳ ْ ِﺪﻳْﻨَﺎ‬ ‫ا َ ْﻏ َﺮﻗْﻨَﺎ‬ Practice the following words from the Holy Qur’an applying the stop rules : ِ َ ْ ‫ُﻫﻢ َﺧ ْﲑ اﻟ‬ ‫ﱪﻳَّ ِﺔ‬ ُ ْ ِ ٖ ‫ﻟ‬ ِ ‫žﻨُ ْﻮ ٌد‬ ‫ﻪ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ َ َ َّ‫ﻟ‬ ِ َ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺎﺻﻴ َ ٍﺔ €َﺎ ِذﺑ َ ٍﺔ َﺧﺎ ِﻃﺌ َ ٍﺔ‬ Page 59  َّ ‫ﻗَﻠِ ًﻼ َﻣﺎ ﺗَ َﺬ‬ ‫¯ ُﺮ ْو َن‬ ّ ِ‫ﺎل ْاﻻ‬ ‫ﺎن َﻣﺎﻟَﻬَﺎ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ْ َ َ‫َوﻗ‬ ُ َ www.qfatima.  4) If the word ends with a letter bearing a ‘sukun’.com ِ ‫ﻟَﻢ اُو َت‬ ‫ﻴ َ ْﻪ‬Iِ ٰ ‫¯ﺘ‬ ْ ْ .

qfatima.com‬‬ ‫‬ .‫‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Read the following ayaats from the Holy Qur’an applying all the relevant Stop‬‬ ‫‪Rules mentioned in the previous pages.‬‬ ‫ﻋَ َّﻢ ﻳَ‪َ َ g‬ﺴﺂءَﻟ ُ ْﻮ َن‬ ‫ُﻫ ْﻢ ﻓِﻴ ْ ِﻪ ﻣُﺨْﺘَﻠِﻔُﻮْ َن‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ے‬ ‫ﺬ‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻈ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫‪O‬‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ّ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ َ ْ‬ ‫ك َﺿ ًّ‬ ‫ﺂﻻ‬ ‫ك ﻳَ‪ِg‬ﻴ ْ ًﻤﺎ ﻓَﺎ ٰوٰے َو َو َﺟ َﺪ َ‬ ‫اَﻟ َ ْﻢ َ ِﳚ ْﺪ َ‬ ‫ﻓَﻬَﺪٰى‬ ‫ك ‪ِ َ v‬ﺂﺋ ًﻼ ﻓَﺎ َ ْﻏﻨ ٰ‪¹‬‬ ‫َو ََ◌ودَ َ‬ ‫اﻟﺴ ِﺂﺋ َﻞ ﻓَ َﻼ ﺗَﻨْﻬَ ْﺮ‬ ‫َوا ََّﻣﺎ َّ‬ ‫ﻓَ َﺤ ِ ّﺪ ْث‬ ‫ﻚ‬ ‫َوا ََّﻣﺎ ﺑِ ِﻨﻌْ َﻤ ِﺔ َرﺑِّ َ‬ ‫ﺗَ َّﻄﻠِ ُﻊ ‪َv‬ﻠ َ‪ ¹‬اْ َﻻﻓْﺌِ َﺪ ِة‬ ‫ا· اﻟْﻤُﻮْﻗَ َﺪ ُة اﻟ َّ ِ‬ ‫ﱴ‬ ‫ﺎر‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫¶‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫اِﻧَّﻬَﺎ ‪َ v‬ﻠَﻴ ْ ِﻬ ْﻢ ُّﻣ ْﺆ َﺻ َﺪ ٌة ِﰱ ﻋَ َﻤ ٍﺪ ُّمﻤَ َّددَ ٍة‬ ‫‪Page 60‬‬ ‫‪www.

harakaat. sukun. silent letters and other signs to facilitate proper recitation. Page 61  www. tanween. The next book will introduce the Rules of Tajweed.qfatima. You should point out that they have read ayaats from the Holy Qur’an in the last few pages.com .  ‫ج‬ ‫ﻟ َ ْﻦ ﺗَﻨْ َﻔﻌَ ُﻜ ْﻢ ا َْر َﺣ ُﺎﻣ ُﻜ ْﻢ َو َﻻ ۤ ا َْو َﻻ ُد ُﻛ ْﻢ‬ ‫ْﻨ َ ُﻜ ْﻢ‬Uَ‫ﻳ َ ْﻮ َم اﻟْﻘِﻴ ٰ َﻤ ِﺔ ج ﻳ َ ْﻔ ِﺼ ُﻞ ﺑ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ َ ُّ‫َّو َﺟﺂءَ َرﺑ‬ ‫€ َ َّﻼ ۤ اِذَا ُد َّﻛ ِﺖ ْاﻻ َ ْر ُض دَ€ًّﺎ دَ€ًّﺎ‬ ‫َواﻟْﻤَﻠَﻚُ َﺻ ّﻔًﺎ َﺻ ّﻔًﺎ‬ Read Sura Quraysh with makharij and appling stop rules ٍ ْ ‫ﻒ ُﻗﺮﻳ‬ ِ َ ‫ٖاﻟ ٰ ِﻔ ِﻬﻢ ِرﺣﻠ َ َﺔ اﻟ ِّﺸﺘ‬ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﺂء‬ ‫ﺶ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ْ ْ َ ْٰ ِ ‫اﻟﺼﻴ‬ ‫َﻴ ْ ِﺖ اﻟ َّ ِﺬ ْٓي‬Iْ‫ﻒ ﻓَﻠْﻴَﻌْﺒ ُ ُﺪ ْو َار َّب ﻫٰ َﺬااﻟ‬ ‫و‬ ّ ْ َ ‫ا َْﻃﻌَ َﻤ ُﻬ ْﻢ ِّﻣ ْﻦ ُﺟ ْﻮ ٍع َّوا ٰ َﻣﻨ َ ُﻬ ْﻢ ِّﻣ ْﻦ َﺧ ْﻮ ٍف‬ At this stage the student knows all the letters with makharij. They should now be encouraged to start reciting the Holy Qur’an. long vowels. tashdeed.

com .qfatima.qfatima.Q Read A step by step guide to learning how to recite the Qur’an Book 1 www.com www.