General Mathematics Paper 2, May/June 2009

Disclaimer - These questions and answers were taken from WAEC website and I am not in any way responsible for the correctness of the information or copyright. This is to help intending WAEC students have a downloadable copies of past WAEC exam questions and solutions.

Question 1
(a) Given that ( (b) -5 )( + )=a+b , find a and b. = 82 – 3y, find y. 2y + 2 _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ If 21 – y x 2y – 1

Observation
The part (a) of this question was well attempted. It involved the expansion of the expression and comparing the coefficients. It did not pose much problems to the candidates. Candidates were able to expand the expression to get 3-5 + - 10 which with a little computation gave a = -7 and b = -4. However many candidates expanded but did not compare the coefficients. In part (b) of the question, the fundamental laws of indices were required to solve this problem. They were to express the right hand side of the equation in powers of 2 and equate the coefficients of both sides to get y= 1. Most candidates did well in this question but there were a significant number who were not able to apply the laws correctly.

Question 2
(a) If 9 cos x – 7 = 1 and 0° ≤ x ≤ 90°, find x. (b) Given that x is an integer, find the three greatest values of x which satisfy the inequality 7x < 2x – 13.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________

Observation
The part (a) of the question was on trigonometry and required the use of tables. Rearranging the equation results in cos x = 0.8889 and from the Mathematical Tables, it showed x = 27.27o. Most of the candidates scored above average in the question. In part (b), Candidates were able to solve the expression but were unable to get the three greatest integers required. On solving the inequality, 7x – 2x < -13 gave x < -23/5. The three greatest integers were -3, -4 and -5.

Question 3
The table shows the number of children per family in a community.

0 No. of children No. of families 3

1 5

2 7

3 4

4 3

5 2

(a) Find the: (i) Mode; (ii) third quartile; (iii) probability that a family has at least 2 children. (b) If a pie chart were to be drawn for the data, what would be the sectoral angle representing families with one child?

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________

Observation
The performance of most of the candidates who attempted this question were found to be satisfactory. They were able to determine the mode which was 2. They obtained the number of at least 2 children to be 16. Therefore the probability of at least 2 children = = . The number of families with one child = 5 hence the required sectoral

angle = x 360° = 75°. However, a good number of the candidates while calculating the 3rd quartile obtained the position of the third quartile i.e. 3rd quartile = ¾ x 24 = 18th position but failed to obtain the third quartile which was 3.

They were expected to draw the diagrams as shown From the diagram. 15 diplomas and 4 neither degree nor diploma. How many of them have both? (b) In triangle PQR.Question 4 (a)Out of 30 candidates applying for a post. PN = QN and <PNQ = 125o. <NPM = (180° – 125°)/2 (base angles of isosceles triangle PNQ) which gives <NPQ = 27. Majority of the candidates could not draw the diagram correctly. . MN//QR). M and N are points on the sides PQ and PR respectively such that MN is parallel to QR. 17 have degrees. If <PRQ=75o. (ii) <NPM> _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation The part (a) of this question was reported to be well attempted and candidates’ performance was said to be commendable. They were able to obtain the equation 15 + y –y + 17 –y + 4 = 30 which gave y = 6. Therefore <MNQ = 125° – 75° = 50°. <MNP = <NRQ = 75° (corresponding angles as MN is parallel to QR). <NQR = <MNQ = 50° (alternate angles. Some candidates mistook corresponding angles for alternate angles.5°. determine (i) <NQR. It was also reported that candidates’ general performance in part (b) was not as high as it was in part (a).

ABCDEF is a triangular prism. The prism had 3 rectangular faces and 2 triangular faces. Some candidates viewed the prism as having only 4 faces and hence could not get the correct answer. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation Answering the question required the basic idea of areas of plane/compound shapes. Many candidates could not identify the various faces of the prism hence could not solve the problem. <ABC = <DEF = 90°. (b)The total surface area of the prism.Question 5 In the diagram. /BC/ = 7cm and /CD/ = 40cm. Candidates were to find the areas of the respective faces and add them together to get the required surface area = 2408cm2. . /AB/ = 24cm.Calculate: (a) /AC/.

If the foot of the pole is 25m from the foot of the building and on the same horizontal ground.76. The ratio was given by percentage profit = = 7:10. They were able to express the figures in terms of 5. The x 100 = 77. If a total of D1280 was collected. log7 = 0. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation Candidates’ performance in part (a) of the question was said to be satisfactory.8%.3804. x children were present. There were 60 more adults than children. 4x In the part (b). (b) . (ii)height of the flag pole. Average cost = = D3. (iv) percentage profit if the organizers spent D720 on the show. They exhibited a good understanding of the theories of logarithms and were able to apply them correctly.6990. evaluate: log( ). A good number of them were able to get the equation 2x + 5(x + 60) = 1280.Question 6 (a)If log5 = 0. find. 7 and 8 thus: log ( ) = log( ) which on applying the laws of logarithms gives 4log 7 = 0. observed that the angle of depression of the top of a flag pole was 44º. Question 7 (a) A woman looking out from the window of a building at a height of 30m. calculate the (i) value of x. (iii) average amount paid per person. correct to the nearest whole number. (b) For a musical show. (ii) ratio of the number of children to the number of adults. Solving it gave x = 140.9031.8451 = 3. An adult paid D5 and a child D2. candidates’ performance was reportedly fair.8451 and log8 = 0. the (i) angle of depression of the foot of the pole from the woman.

. O is the centre of the circle. Many of them could not apply these theorems correctly.25tan 44° = 6m to the nearest metre. In part (b). therefore. They therefore scored very low marks. Hence x = tan -1(1. h = 30 . The correct diagram was as shown below: From the diagram. Calculate: (i) <QPR. The main problem with majority of the candidates who attempted the question was on getting the diagram. = 1.2. Part (a) tested candidates’ knowledge of angle of elevation and depression. and candidates’ performance in it was said to be generally poor. candidates were expected to apply some circle theorems to solve the problem. <OQR = 32º and <TPQ = 15º. For instance <QOR = (180 – 2(32)) = 116° (sum of the angles of an isosceles triangle OQR). = tan 44°. tan x = Similarly. (ii) <TQO.Hence <QPR = = 58° (angle at the centre is twice angle at the circumference) and <TQO = 180 – 32 <QRP – 15° (opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateralQTPR) = 75°.In the diagram. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was reported to be quite unpopular among the candidates.2) = 50°.

prepare a frequency distribution table.5 11 1111 1111 1111 1111 11 1111 1111 1111 1111 111 111 Frequency (f) 2 10 12 15 8 3 50 Fx 51 355 546 832.Question 8 The marks scored by 50 students in a Geography examination are as follows: 60 44 46 65 71 (a) 50 69 59 58 51 40 39 40 74 26 67 32 52 47 36 53 45 61 40 38 73 58 48 59 70 37 48 23 68 46 55 67 60 51 40 62 39 59 50 51 43 51 47 50 42 Using class intervals 21 – 30. A few others drew histogram that was not required. (b) Calculate the mean mark of the distribution.5 75.5 45.5 55. The percentage number of students who scored more than 60 marks = 11/50 x 100 = . (c) What percentage of the students scored more than 60%? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was attempted by many candidates and they scored high marks in it. some of the candidates could not get the percentage number of candidates who scored more than 60 marks.5 2535 Mean = 22%.5 524 226. Class I interval 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70 71-80 Class mark (x) Tally 25. However. 31 – 40….7. = =50.5 35.5 65.

2)(x .1) In part (b). construct: (i) quadrilateral PQRS such that /PQ/ = 10cm. B = 3. A few others cross multiplied both sides of the minus sign. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation The part (a) of this question attracted majority of the candidates. They were expected to use (x . /QR/ = 8cm. majority of the candidates did not attempt this question. substituting 1 for x and 4 for y as well as 2 for x and 10 for y gives two equations in A and B i. Thus the required point = (-3. (ii) the locus 11 of points equidistant from QR and RS. (b) Measure /RS/ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ______ Observation As usual.2)(x . candidates’ performance was fair. Solving these equations simultaneously gave A = 1. put y = 0. /PS/ = 6cm. which gave the equation as y = x2 + 3x.C. 0). 0) Question 10 (a)Using ruler and a pair of compasses only. (ii) values of A and B. Similarly. candidates were expected to use x = 0 and y = 0 to get c = 0. 4A + 2B = 10. A + B = 4. However. the few who attempted the question performed well. To get the 2nd point of intersection with the x – axis. Find the: (i) value of C. They were able to construct the required angles and line segments. 10). However.M and obtained (x+2(x-1) – (x+3)(x-2) (x . . majority of the candidates appeared not to be familiar with coordinate of points on a graph. (iii) locus 12 of points equidistant from R and S. To find point C.2) (x – 1) = 4 (x .Question 9 Simplify x + 2 x-2 .e. Solving this equation gave x = -3. in the equation to get x2 + 3x = 0.M. However. (iii) co-ordinates of the other point where the graph cuts the xaxis.x+3 x-1 (a)The graph of the equation y = A x2 + B x + C passes through the points (0. (1. 4) and (2. ÐPQR = 60º and ÐQPS = 75º.C.1) as L. many of them were unable to get the L.

e. circumference of the circle = 2pr. Solving this gave b = 6cm. It was reported that majority of the candidates did not attempt the part (b). + 8r = 100 Þ r = 7cm. The perimeter was given as 60cm. If the sum of the perimeter of the square and the circumference of the circle is 100 cm. it means that if the breadth = b. calculate. perimeter= 2(L + b) = 2 (4b+b) = 10b = 60.Therefore. Hence. Some of them who attempted it could not manipulate the algebraic expressions involved. majority of the candidates could not translate the question into a meaningful diagram. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation In part (a). [Take p = ] (b) A rope 60cm long is made to form a rectangle. If the length is 4 times its breadth. Others who were able to draw it took the length of the square to be r instead of 2r hence they lost some marks. then length (L) = 4b. correct to one decimal place. Perimeter of the square = 8r. Thus 2pr + 8r = 100 i. length (L) = 6 x 4 = 24cm. calculate the radius of the circle. (ii) diagonal of the rectangle.Question 11 (a) A circle is inscribed in a square. the (i) length.7cm. Since the length was said to be four times the breadth. Diagonal = √242+62) = 24. .

draw the graph of y = sin x + 2cos x for 0° ≤ x ≤ 240° (c) Use your graph to solve the equation: (i) sin x + 2cos x = 0.1 and use it to solve the equation. From the second equation.Similarly. ¾. locate the line y = 2. d = common difference and n = required term) i. 15/4.) is 5 times the third term while the 7th term is 9 greater than the 4th term. Write the first five terms of the A.P.0 120 -0. bringing the like terms together gave 3d = 9. The few who drew the graph correctly could not read from it.9/4.1 130 -1. (i.9 90 1.9 They were also expected to use the given scale and the table to draw the graph. Majority of them could not complete the table of values correctly.2 66 1.5 units on the y-axis. The first . They were expected to recognize the first number divisible by 7 as the first term of the A. some candidates could not recognise the problem.P.0 30 2.75. a = .e. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This was another question where candidates’ performance was reported to be very poor. Question 13 (a)How many numbers between 75 and 500 are divisible by 7? (b) The 8th term of an Arithmetic progression (A. More work should be done by teachers on this area of the syllabus. 4a = .five terms of the AP were -9/4. In part (b) some candidates were able to compare the 3rd term with the 8th term to obtain the equation a + 7d = 5(a + 2d) but could not get the second equation a + 6d = a + 3d + 9. as an A. Hence. a = 77.P.9 (b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 30° on the x – axis and 2 cm to 0. In the part (a). Some others were able to obtain d = 3 by solving the 2nd equation correctly but could not obtain the value of a nor the required 5 terms. .e. to obtain x = 9°. the required number to be equal to 61. 39/4. correct to one decimal place. X Y 0° 30º 2. sin x = 2. Substituting 3 for d in the equation gave 4a = -3(3) = -9.0 210° 240 -1. 22/4. When x = 171°.Question 12 (a)Copy and complete the table of values for y = sin x + 2 cos x. Therefore.1 – 2cos x. (ii) sin x = 2. d = 3. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question posed quite some problems for a good number of candidates who attempted it.0 210 -2. find y when x = 171°. Tn = 497 and after a little computation yields n.2 240 -1. a = first term. A good number of them counted these numbers out and thereby wasted time.3d.2 60° 90° 120° 150° -1. y = – 1.2 180 -2. (d) From the graph. problem. 77) and the last number (497) as the last term and substitute these values in the formula Tn = a+ (n1)d (where Tn = value of the nth term.1 – 2cos x. d = 7. The expected the table is as shown: X Y 0 2. 45°. from the first equation.P.2 180° -2.

majority of the candidates could not draw the diagram correctly and this affected their performance significantly.6. Question 1 A = {2. Candidates were expected to draw the diagram.}. 6. A good number of the candidates were also reported not to have listed the elements of set C hence. 8}. 9} and C = {x: 3 < x < 9} are subsets of the universal-set U = {2. were not able to find its complement while others did not separate the elements of a set with comas. C' = {2. . Using these sets.6. 60 80 Xx Candidates' responses to this question were reported to be generally below average. 3. 7. obtain the compliments of the sets Band C thus B' = {4. (b) Towns P and Q are x km apart. 4. (b) (AuB) n(BuC). C = {4. Two motorists set out at the same time from P to Q at steady speeds of 60 km/hand 80 km/h. This is to help intending WAEC students have a downloadable copies of past WAEC exam questions and solutions.4.e. They were expected to recall that time :: distance (i.= Y2 (30 rnlnutes « Y2 hr). 9 }. 3. 9 }.5. I FMI :: 120 tan 35° = 84. 3. The faster motorist got to Q 30 minutes earlier than the other. 8}. 4. (b) (A u B) = { 2. 5. Find (a) A n(B'nC'). Question 2 (a) The angle of depression of a boat from the mid-point of a vertical cliff is 35°. 3.5. 3. 4.04. 3. 8}. 9. t:: ~) and apply this to the problem. Therefore the height of the cliff:: 2 x 84.. Find the value of x.General Mathematics Paper 2. 8. B = {2. the most observed weakness was their inability to convert from minutes to hours.6. If the boat is 120 m from the foot of the cliff. 7.6. 7.02 = 168. May/June 2010 Disclaimer . _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was reportedly attempted by majority of the candidates and their performance was described as satisfactory. From the diagram. 4. (BuC) = {2.e. Many of them lost some marks because they failed to use curly brackets to enclose the elements of the sets. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was also reported to have been attempted by majority of the candidates. 7. Simplifying this expression gave x = 120km. 9 } Therefore { Au B } n (BuC) = { 2. 5. 7. the following procedures were to be followed: (a)(B' nC') = { } Hence An (B' n C') = { }.These questions and answers were taken from WAEC website and I am not in any way responsible for the correctness of the information or copyright. Furthermore. calculate the height of the cliff. . 6. 7. 6. the report stated that in part (a). 8. 8. A few others were unable to apply the trigonometric ratios correctly.02m. 9}. 8. speed v Time taken by faster motorist « ~ while that of the other motorist = ~ where x is the distance 60 80 from P to Q.. Candidates were expected to list the elements of C i. In part (b). Some candidates were reported to have written { 0 } instead of { } or 0.

In the diagram. LADB = 60° and LTAE = xo.44° = 360• Hence.5x (adjacent angles on a transversal). ABI ICE. . Calculate the value of r b) . LVST = 44° (alternate angle to LSTU). Candidates' performance this question was described as poor. Candidates were reported to have exhibited poor understanding of circle theorems.Question 3 (a) In the diagram.From the diagram. L PQR = 125°. LRST = 800 and LSTU = 44°. Therefore LNRS = LVSR = 80 . Therefore LBAS + LBAE + LEAT = 60 + 180 . LAEC = sx".5x + x = 180 (angles on a straight line). candidates' performance was reported to be worse than part (a). one each passing through points Sand R and parallel to PQ and UT as shown in the diagram below but the report stated that majority of the candidates did not. Find the value of x". From the diagram. LBDA = LBAS = 600 (angles in the alternate segment). Solving this simple equation gave x = 150. LQRS = r. r = 55 + 36 = 91° In part (b). LMQR = LQRN = 180 -125 = 55° ( alternate angles). _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation Part (a) of this question required that candidates drew straight lines. LBAE = 180° . Teachers were encouraged to do a lot of work in this area. TS is a tangent to the circle at A.

n = ll.3) }. (4.5)2 . They showed good understanding of mensuration of right circular cones as they were able to apply relevant formulae and majority of them obtained full marks. [Taken= 22] 7 _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was reported as one of the questions where candidates performed very well. especially the A marks.S0cm. the: (a)base radius.5)2 = 9. because they did not give their answers in 3 significant figures as required by the question. (5. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was reported to be popular and well attempted by majority of the candidates. (c) Are M and N mutually exclusive? Give reasons.1 x 22 x 3.899 == 127 cm² 37 1 A good number of the candidates were however reported to have lost some marks.2). (6.5 cm. Probability of Nor M:1/12 + 1/6 = 1/4.5). n(M n N) = O. (b)height.5}2 => h = . N = { (1.5 Volume of cone = .5 cm².4).e. Candidates were expected to show that M = { (4. (3. M is the event described by "the sum of the scores is 10" and N is the event described by "the difference between the scores is 3".5 7nl = 11. Thus the two events cannot happen at the same time i.4) but not (4. hence r = 115.90cm 22 x 10. correct to 3 significant figures.4}.1).(3. Some of them who listed these elements did not do so completely. Probability of M = 3/36 = 1/12. a few of them did not list the elements of M and N as required but drew the sample space when 2 dice are thrown.5 x 9.. (2.5). Probability of N = 6/36 = 1/6. r. Question 5 Two fair dice are thrown. (c)volume of the cone. However. (6. M and N are mutually exclusive because no element is common to both sets. Majority of them were reported not to be able to state correctly the condition for which events are mutually exclusive. (b) Find the probability of M or N. (a) Write out the elements of M and N. It was also reported that while listing the elements of N.scm. If the curved surface area of the cone is 115.Question 4 The diagram shows a cone with slant height 10. r2 + h2 = (10.5 x 7 = 3.l= 10.6). slant height. h. The curved surface area.5cm².1). . calculate. iu! = 115. some candidates would list (1.6) . (5.J(10.

on the map of a forest reserve which covers 85 km².000 = 10. (c] _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation Candidates' performance in part (a) was reported to be poor. Area of field = 18a.Question 6 (a) The scale of a map is 1:20.000 x 100.OOOcm2• 2 85km = 850.000. In part (c). This gave a = 60 m.000. 20.000. From the diagram. 400.000 cm². They were expected to recall that lkm = 100. in square centimetres. A good number of them were reported not to have attempted this part of the question.000.000. However. hence.000. 18a = 12a + 360. (b) A rectangular playing field is 18 m wide. did not subtract their final answer from 360° when they had calculated the value of the reflex angle. 360 .5 cm2 360 7 22 This meant that 360 . It is surrounded by a path 6m wide such that its area is equal to the area of the path. candidates' performance was said to be better than it was in part (a). some candidates did not see the reflex angle as 360 . candidates' performance was described as fair.5 from where we obtain x = 103° to the nearest degree 77 .000 = 2125 cm2 on the map.000 000.000 cm² on the ground = 1 cm2850. Calculate the area.000. However. many candidates did not draw the diagram correctly and so were not able to solve the problem. hence 400.x = 360 x 2 x 27. Here. therefore 1km2 = 1km x 1km = 100. Calculate the length of the field.000 In part (b).x x 22x Z x Z = 27. Since they are equal.000 ern.x.000 em on the ground = 1 cm on the map. area of path = 2(30 x 6) + 12a = 360 + 12a.

in square centimetres. 400.5 cm2 360 7 22 This meant that 360 . A good number of them were reported not to have attempted this part of the question.x x 22x Z x Z = 27.000.000. It is surrounded by a path 6m wide such that its area is equal to the area of the path. did not subtract their final answer from 360° when they had calculated the value of the reflex angle. hence 400. They were expected to recall that lkm = 100.5 from where we obtain x = 103° to the nearest degree 77 .Question 7 (a) The scale of a map is 1:20. 18a = 12a + 360.000 = 10. Calculate the area.000 x 100.000 = 2125 cm2 on the map. In part (c). Since they are equal. Calculate the length of the field.000 em".000 In part (b).OOOcm2• 2 85km = 850. 20. on the map of a forest reserve which covers 85 km". candidates' performance was described as fair. This gave a = 60 m.000.000.000 em on the ground = 1 cm on the map. hence.000. 360 . Here. (b) A rectangular playing field is 18 m wide. From the diagram. However.x. area of path = 2(30 x 6) + 12a = 360 + 12a. Area of field = 18a.000 ern.000. However. (c] _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation Candidates' performance in part (a) was reported to be poor. candidates' performance was said to be better than it was in part (a). some candidates did not see the reflex angle as 360 . therefore 1km2 = 1km x 1km = 100. many candidates did not draw the diagram correctly and so were not able to solve the problem.000.x = 360 x 2 x 27.000 em2 on the ground = 1 cm22 on the ground is equivalent to 850.000 000.

4 Simplifying gave LCAB = 51.2 (8)(13)cos100 which gave / AC/ = 16. Teachers are encouraged to emphasize this area of the syllabus Question 9 In the diagram. C is _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was reported to have been attempted by majority of the candidates and their performance was described as satisfactory. IRSI = 9 ern. (b) the bearing of C from A. Hence. Very few of them attempted it and their performance was said to be poor. correct to 3 significant figures. (a) the distance AC. /BC/ = 13 km. the bearing of A from B is 310° and the bearing of B from C is 230°. Others were not able to determine the required bearing correctly.32) = 079°. (ii) the bisectors of LRSP and LSPQ to meet at X. most of them were reported not to calculate LABC correctly hence got wrong answers even though they were able to apply the cosine rule correctly to their wrong values. sin (LCAS) = sin100. (iii) The perpendicular XTto meet PS at T.4 cm. Calculate. Therefore /AC/ = 82 + 132 . then BO = BC cas 40° = 13 x cas 40° = 9. (a) construct (i) a quadrilateral PQRS with IPSI :: 6 cm.4 16. .96 km.4 km. If the distance of C east of B = BD.Question 8 Using ruler and a pair of compasses only. IQRI = 8. /AB/ = 8 km.4 cm and IPQI :: 5. sin (LCAB) = 13Sin100 13 16.(50 + 51. The expected responses were as follows: LASC = 100°. A good number of them measured the angles instead of constructing them. However.32°. Bearing of C from A = 180 . (b) Measure IXT/' _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question on geometrical construction was reported to be quite unpopular among the candidates. (c) how far east of B. LRSP:: 90°. Others could not construct a perpendicular from a given point to a given line segment.

62 = 8 cm. Others did not recognize the quadrilateral as a trapezium and so failed to use the correct formula when finding its area. Some candidates were reported to have subtracted the area of triangle PQT from triangle PRS.4 = 53.035/.e ~ = 14. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was reported not to be very popular and candidates' performance was described as not satisfactory. Find the ratio of the area of the rectangle to that of the square. New area = 1.. find the: (i)Minimum value of y. majority ofthe candidates were reported not to draw the tangent to the curve as required. /SR/ = 10. draw a graph of the relation y = -X² + X + 2. /PS/ = 14. This was also in order. 100 New length = 115 x Y = 1. . Part (b) of the question was reported not to have been done satisfactorily either. then new breadth = 90 x y = 0.5. Candidates were expected to show that: /PT/ = . (b) Two opposite sides of a square are each decreased by 10% while the other two are each increased by 15% to form a rectangle. (b) Using scales of 2 cm to 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 2 units on the v-axis. (c) From the graph. Majority of the candidates were reported not to apply the concept of similar triangles correctly./102 .8) x 6. Question 11 In the diagram. Calculate the area of quadrilateral QRST.76 cm2.035 : 1 or 207:200 . ratio = 1.PSR = 900.9y = 1. In part (b) if the side of the square was y.. /PQ/ = 10 ern. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was reported to have been attempted by majority of the candidates who were able to complete the table of values and plotted the graph correctly.x -2 = 0. L. Hence they were unable to determine the gradient of the curve at x = -0.4 cm and /TQ/ = 6 cm. /TO/ /SR/ 6 /SR/ Area of quadrilateral QRST = Yz (6 + 10.15y x 0. However.035y² : y² = 1. (iii)Gradient of the curve at x = -0. 100 Hence.8 cm.Question 10 (a) Copy and complete the table of values for the relation V = -X² + X + 2 for -3 ≤ x ≥ 3. m: =!J2L i.PTQ = L.5.4.15y.9y..Hence. (ii)Roots of the equation X² .

5 . 100 4 Question 13 (a)The third term of a Geometric Progression (G. (b)Given that y varies directly as x and inversely as the square of z. estimate the: (i) median.39 40 .Question 12 The frequency distribution of the weight of 100 participants in a high jump competition is as shown below: Weight (kg) 20-29 Number of pa rtici pa nts 10 30 .69 70-79 18 22 25 16 9 (a) Construct the cumulative frequency table. Therefore probability of choosing a participant who weighed at least 60kg = 25= -.Find Its irst term.1 .49 SO . Majority of them were reported not to have read from their Ogives correctly. (b) Draw the cumulative frequency curve. A few others were not able to manipulate the fraction involved.59 60 .8 = 10.P) is 24 and its seventh term is 4(20/27) . candidates' performance in this question was fair.8 and the third Quartile (~)59. 2 2 Number of participants who weighed at least 60kg = 25. Hence. However in part (a). when x = 3 and z = 1. Others did not draw the Ogive using class boundaries. the semi-interquartile range Q1-Q1 = 59.5. a few of them divided the indices instead of subtracting them. (iii) probability that a participant chosen at random weighs at least 60 kg. (ii) semi-interquartile range. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was reported to be attempted by majority of the candidates. Part (b) was also well attempted and majority of them obtained full marks. find y when x = 3 and z = 2. If y = 4. The expected responses were as follows: . _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was reported to have been attempted by majority of the candidates and their performance was commended.85 ± 1.5 while the first quartile(Ql) was 37.32. (c) From the curve. The median was 49. According to the report.

These questions and answers were taken from WAEC website and I am not in any way responsible for the correctness of the information or copyright. 31/3 ÷ 11/4 – 4/9. The expansion of (√6 -1)2 = (√6 -1) (√6 -1) = 6 √6 -√6 + 1 = 7 . . However.General Mathematics Paper 2. Simplifying gave 4(x-1) . without using tables or calculator 1. it was reported that the question was attempted by majority of the candidates who were able to form the simultaneous equation 2x + 3y = 31. solve these equation simultaneously to obtain x = 5 and y = 7. Others subtracted first before dividing. How much will Yaw pay for one singlet and one shirt he bought from the same shop? _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation According to the chief examiner.00. They were able to find the LCM of the denominators and cross multiply both sides of the equality sign by the LCM which was 12.3x-1 = 5-2x 3 2 4 (b) From a shop. √96 = √6 x 16 = 4√6 Therefore 2 + √96 – 4(√6 -1)2 = 2 + 4√6 – 4(7-2√6) = 2 + 4√6 – 28 + 8√6 which after a little computation resulted in 26 + 12√6. Nov/Dec 2009 Disclaimer .00 while Kwasi bought 3 singlets and 2 shirts for GH¢29. In part (b). _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation The part (a) of the question required the use of BODMAS rule.2√6. some candidates misinterpreted ” ÷” to mean “ + ”. Question 2 (a) Solve the equation 4x-1 . Most candidates were reported to have followed this procedure and were able to manipulate the fractions well. 3x+2y = 29. This is to help intending WAEC students have a downloadable copies of past WAEC exam questions and solutions. some of the candidates did not add these values to obtain the required price which was GH¢12. finding the LCM and simplifying.6(3x – 1) -3(5-2x) which further gave x = 31/4. 31/3 ÷ 11/4 – 4/9 = 10/3 x 4/5 – 4/9 = 8/3 – 4/9 = 20/9 = 22/9 In part (b). part (a) of this question was well attempted by majority of the candidates.00. 2. many candidates reportedly found the expansion of (√6 -1)2 quite challenging. Others could not reduce √96 to its lowest form. Question 1 Simplify.4 (√6 -1)2 and express your answer in the form m + n√6 where m and n are real numbers. Kofi bought 2 singlets and 3 shirts for GH¢31. 2 + √96 . However.

. hence they scored very low marks.27.66.15.0.85.27 x 0.73 x 0.15) + (0. P(M¢) = 1. They found it difficult. They were expected to show that if P(M) = probability of the malaria patient surviving = 0.85 x 0.15) = 0. What is the probability that either of the two patients survives? neither of two patients survive? at least one of the two patients survive? Give your answers correct to 2 significant figures.Question 3 The probability that a malaria patient (M) survives when administered with a newly discovered drug is 0.85 = 0.0. if P(T) = probability of the thypoid patient surviving = 0.0.85.11 = 0.73. Probability of neither surviving = (0. then probability of not surviving = P(T1) = 1-P(T) = 1. probability of not surviving. Probability of at least one surviving = 1.27 = 0.73) = 0. Probability of either surviving = (0.11. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation It was reported that the performance of candidates in this question was not commendable. Similarly.89.27 and the probability that a thyphoid patient (T) survives when injected with another newly discovered drug is 0.

h2 + r2 = l 2 where h = perpendicular height of cone. However.Question 4 A sector of angle 135° is removed from a thin circular metal sheet of radius 40cm.081 cm. A few other candidates were not able to draw the diagram correctly. 3 7 1 1 . Therefore volume of Cone = 1/3 x p x r2 x h 1 x 22 x 15 x 15 x 37. leaving your answer correct to the nearest cm3. While some candidates used the slant height of the cone as the height of the cone. others used the radius of the arc as the radius of the base of the cone. some candidates could not interpret the relationship between a cone and an arc of a circle correctly. i. = l = 40cm. Using pythagoras theorem. \ h = √402 – 152 = 37.e. Simplifying gave r = 15cm. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation The chief examiner reported that majority of the candidates attempted this question and many performed well. This diagram would have aided them to establish that the length of the arc of the circle = circumference of the base of the cone and that the radius of the sector = slant height of the cone. correct to two decimal places greatest volume of liquid which the cone can hold. Slant height of cone. Calculate the: base radius of the cone.081 = 8741cm3 to the nearest cm3. 135/360 x 2 x p x 40/1 = 2 x p x r where r = base radius of cone. (Take p = 22/7). r = 15cm. It is then folded with the straight edges coinciding to form a right circular cone.

angle at the centre of a circle is twice angle at the circumference. /PR/ = 8cm and /QP/ = 6cm. Find /TR/. 8 cos 36. Find an equation connecting a and b. A good number of them were able to find the tangent of the angle at R and hence the angle at R as 36. (b) In the diagram <QPR = <PTR = 90°. Thus. A and B are any two points on the major arcs. The centre of the smaller circle is on the circumference of the bigger circle. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation The report stated that majority of the candidates could not answer part (a) of this question correctly which showed a poor knowledge of circle theorems. . This made <XOY and <XAY opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral and are supplementary i. This implied that 2b° = 180 .87° = 6.4cm.87°.Question 5 (a) In the diagram. They were expected to join X and Y to O.e. It was reported that candidates performed better in part (b) than in part (a). a° + <XOY = 180°. the two circles intersect at X and Y. <XOY = 2b° i. Also. they were able to obtain /TR/ = 8 cos R i.e. one on each circle.e.a° or a° + 2b° = 180°.

7p. Very few candidates were reported to have worked in base 2. Hence. 1112 = 112 = 101012. 110002 – 101012 = 112. He sells 18 of them at a profit of 15 percent and the remaining two at a loss of 5 percentage. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation The report also stated that although majority of the candidates attempted part (a) of the question and performed well in it.9p = 22. They were expected to show that if p is the cost price of a television set. In part (b). it was observed that majority of them converted first to base ten.9p. Similarly. majority of the candidates were reported to have found the question quite challenging. solved it and converted back to base 2.6p.6p – 20p x 100 = 13%. total 100 sales for 2 sets = 95/100 x 2p = 1. Total cost price on the 20 sets = 20p. percentage profit = 22. Find his profit on the 20 sets.Question 6 (a) By how much is 110002 greater than or les than 1112 x 112? (b) A shopkeeper has in stock 20 televisions set percent. 20p 1 .7p + 1. then the total sales for 18 sets = 115 x 18p = 20. Therefore total sales on the 20 sets x 20.

30. 9/50 = 0.60. It was also reported that many candidates drew bar charts instead of histograms while others did not use class boundaries in drawing the graph but they rather used class limits.5 24 40.5 . Draw a histogram to represent the distribution. If a student is selected at random. 4.5 12 30.Question 7 The marks scored by 50 students in a Geography examination are as follows: 60 44 46 65 71 1.5 .40. 2.5 . of candidates who scored marks greater than 63 ÷ total number of students i. 3. 31-40.5 .5 39 50.5 50 70. find the probability that he/she obtains a mark greater than 63. 54 69 59 58 51 40 39 40 74 26 67 32 52 47 36 53 45 61 40 38 73 58 48 59 70 37 48 23 68 46 55 67 60 51 40 62 39 59 50 51 43 51 47 50 42 Using a class interval of 21-30. .18.5 47 60. The grouped frequency table is given by Class f Cf Class Interval Boundary 21-30 2 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70 71-80 2 10 12 15 8 3 20. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This was also another question which was reportedly attempted by majority of the candidates and their performance was described as fair.5 . Interpretation of the graph was also an observed challenge.5 . Use your histogram to estimate the modal mark.70. prepare a frequency distribution table.e.80.50.5 The graph is given below The modal mark derived from the graph = 53 while the probability = no. ….

_____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation It was reported that majority of the candidates who attempted this question were able to derive the two equations i. 1. the angle which the ladder makes with the ground _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation Candidates’ attempt on this question was fair especially parts (a) and (b). correct to the nearest degree. Calculate.50 per square meter. percentage of the part not cleared. x = 29°. a ladder LN 10m long. then xy = 7200. dimensions of the field. The percentage of the part not cleared = 7200 – (120 x 56) x 100 = 62/3 or 6.5/8 and from the tables.5m high such that 2. Thus cost of clearing the field = N6. attempt on the parts (b) and (c) was poorly handed by some of the candidates. were reported to have performed well in the question. to the nearest degree .67% 7200 Candidates. 3. the angle which the ladder makes with the ground. correct to one decimal place.50 x 56 x 120 = N43. who sketched the diagram.680. Many of them missed the (c) part because they did not quite understand what would happen as the ladder was moved by 2m further away from the wall.5m of it projects beyond the wall. rests on a wall 4. 2.Question 8 The area of a rectangular football field is 7200m2 while its perimeter is 360m. if x = length of field and y = breadth. How high above the ground is the upper end of the ladder? If the foot of the ladder is moved by 2m further away from the wall. 2. leaving a margin of 2m wide along the longer sides.e. cost of clearing the field at N6. calculate the: 1. However.00. If the foot of ladder is moved a further 2m away from the wall. They were able to solve these equations and also obtained the dimensions as 60m and 120m. LP becomes (6 + 2)m = 8m. Many took the margin to be all round the field but the question specified along the longer sides. tanx = 4. Question 9 In the diagram. x + y = 180. calculate.

90 Chemistry. <PQR = 90o. Twenty three (23) students offered Physics and Chemistry. Though many were able to draw the correct Venn diagram. Probability of those who offered exactly 2 subjects = 68/200 = 17/50 Question 11 Using ruler and a pair of compasses only. They were expected to denote the number of those who offered Physics and Chemistry only by a variable say x. they could not determine the correct number of students who offered physics and those who offered exactly two of the subjects. 100 Mathematics while 24 did not offer any of the three subjects. o Exactly two of the subjects. 70 offered Physics. Draw a Venn diagram to illustrate the information. Find the probability that a student selected at random from the class offered: o Physics only. Therefore probability of those who offered Physics only = 27/200. /RS/ = 8cm and /PQ/ = /PS/. However. Hence. they were unable to locate the point P and this cost them some marks. <QRS = 120°. 41 Chemistry and Mathematics while 8 offered all three subjects.Question 10 In a class of 200 students. Some others drew the angles instead of constructing them . The few candidates who attempted it were able to construct angles 90˚ and 120˚ as required of them. Measure /PQ/. they could not find the required probabilities. Number who offered Physics only = 47 – 20 = 27. Number of those who offered exactly 2 subjects = 15 + 20 + 33 = 68. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was unpopular as usual. from where x = 20. construct a quadrilateral PQRS in which /QR/ = 6cm. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation This question was popular and the candidates did well in it. equate the entries to 200 to get 100 + x + 49 – x + 47 – x + 24 = 200.

o o o common ratio. /PR/ = /RQ/. Calculate /PS/. They were expected to substitute 20 for n in the expression to get 9(20) + 22 = 202. Candidates also performed well in the (b) part of the question.142. ( Take π = 3. Calculate the: radius of the parallel of latitude on which they lie. longitude on which point B lies correct to the nearest degree. Hence. find the 20th term. _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation Many candidates were able to show that the nth term is 9n + 22 but they did not use this formula to calculate the 20th term. some of them were not able to solve for a and r correctly because of the fraction involved and this also affected their getting the eighth term correctly. . first term. They were able to get <PRS = 60˚ and apply the sine rule correctly.P. radius of the earth = 6400km) _____________________________________________________________________________________________ ________ Observation The part (a) of the question was well interpreted by most of the candidates who attempted the question. Question 13 (a) The first term of an Arithmetic Progression (A. /RS/ = 10cm <RPS = 70o and <PQR = 30°. A lies on longitude 20oE and B is 1500km due east of A. Rather. Show that the nth term is 9n + 22. (b) Two points A and B lie on the parallel of latitude 60oN.) is 31 and the common difference is 9. However. most candidates got the radius of the latitude but could not go further to find the longitude of B by adding 20˚ to the θ calculated. Questions 14 and 15 were not meant for candidates in Nigeria and no responses were required. they used the general formula which was not required of them. In part (b). They were able to derive the equations ar = 1 and ar4 =1/8 . eighth term.Question 12 In the diagram.

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